CHAPTER 160:  ZONING
Section
Purpose and Title
   160.001   Name and citation of title
   160.002   Purpose
Definitions
   160.005   Definitions
Districts and Boundaries
   160.010   Districts designated
   160.011   Incorporated by reference
   160.012   Boundaries of districts; maps
   160.013   Rules where uncertainty as to boundaries arises
   160.014   Vacation of streets and alleys
   160.015   Classification of annexed territory
   160.016   Single-family residential—rural (RR)
   160.017   Single-family residential—suburban (RS)
   160.018   Single-family residential— traditional (RT-1)
   160.019   Residential cluster development— PUD (RCD-PUD)
   160.020   Single-family residential—historic preservation (RHP)
   160.021   Manufactured residential housing (MH)
   160.022   Twin home/duplex residential— suburban (RD-1)
   160.023   Townhome residential—suburban (RD-2)
   160.024   Townhome residential—traditional (RT-2)
   160.025   Apartment residential—low density (RA-1)
   160.026   Apartment residential—moderate density (RA-2)
   160.027   Apartment residential—high density (RA-3)
   160.028   Office (O)
   160.029   General institutional (S-1)
   160.030   Institutional campus PUD (S-2 PUD)
   160.031   Live-work (LW)
   160.032   Commercial—pedestrian-oriented (C-1)
   160.033   Commercial—neighborhood and streetcar (C-2)
   160.034   Commercial—community (C-3)
   160.035   Commercial—regional (C-4)
   160.036   Light industrial (I-1)
   160.037   Heavy industrial (I-2)
   160.038   Airport (AP)
   160.039   Conservation (CN)
   160.040   Recreation (REC)
   160.041   Agriculture (AG)
   160.042   Village PUD (V-PUD)
   160.043   Downtown PUD (DT-PUD)
   160.044   Pedestrian-oriented PUD (PO-PUD)
Form Regulations
   160.050   Forms designated
   160.055   Form designation
Form DD1: Detached Dwelling—Rural
   160.060   Scope of regulations
   160.061   Allowed zoning districts
   160.062   Principal uses
   160.063   Accessory uses
   160.064   Bulk regulations
   160.065   Other applicable regulations
Form DD2: Detached Dwelling—Suburban
   160.070   Scope of regulations
   160.071   Allowed zoning districts
   160.072   Principal uses
   160.073   Accessory uses
   160.074   Bulk regulations
   160.075   Other applicable regulations
Form DD3: Detached Dwelling—Traditional
   160.080   Scope of regulations
   160.081   Allowed zoning districts
   160.082   Principal uses
   160.083   Accessory uses
   160.084   Bulk regulations
   160.085   Other applicable regulations
Form DD4: Detached Dwelling—Historic Preservation
   160.090   Scope of regulations
   160.091   Allowed zoning districts
   160.092   Principal uses
   160.093   Accessory uses
   160.094   Bulk regulations
   160.095   Other applicable regulations
Form DD5: Detached Dwelling—Older Manufactured Home
   160.100   Scope of regulations
   160.101   Allowed zoning districts
   160.102   Principal uses
   160.103   Accessory uses
   160.104   Bulk regulations
   160.105   Other applicable regulations
Form DD6: Detached Dwelling—Newer Manufactured Home
   160.110   Scope of regulations
   160.111   Allowed zoning districts
   160.112   Principal uses
   160.113   Accessory uses
   160.114   Bulk regulations
   160.115   Other applicable regulations
Form DD7: Detached Dwelling—High Density
   160.120   Scope of regulations
   160.121   Allowed zoning districts
   160.122   Principal uses
   160.123   Accessory uses
   160.124   Bulk regulations
   160.125   Other applicable regulations
Form AD1: Attached Dwelling—Suburban Twin Home/Duplex
   160.130   Scope of regulations
   160.131   Allowed zoning districts
   160.132   Principal uses
   160.133   Accessory uses
   160.134   Bulk regulations
   160.135   Other applicable regulations
Form AD2: Attached Dwelling—Suburban Four-unit Townhome
   160.140   Scope of regulations
   160.141   Allowed zoning districts
   160.142   Principal uses
   160.143   Accessory uses
   160.144   Bulk regulations
   160.145   Other applicable regulations
Form AD3: Attached Dwelling—Suburban Eight-unit Townhome
   160.150   Scope of regulations
   160.151   Allowed zoning districts
   160.152   Principal uses
   160.153   Accessory uses
   160.154   Bulk regulations
   160.155   Other applicable regulations
Form AD4: Attached Dwelling—Traditional Eight-unit Townhome
   160.160   Scope of regulations
   160.161   Allowed zoning districts
   160.162   Principal uses
   160.163   Accessory uses
   160.164   Bulk regulations
   160.165   Other applicable regulations
Form MD1: Multiple Dwelling—Small
   160.170   Scope of regulations
   160.171   Allowed zoning districts
   160.172   Principal uses
   160.173   Accessory uses
   160.174   Bulk regulations
   160.175   Other applicable regulations
Form MD2: Multiple Dwelling—Medium
   160.180   Scope of regulations
   160.181   Allowed zoning districts
   160.182   Principal uses
   160.183   Accessory uses
   160.184   Bulk regulations
   160.185   Other applicable regulations
Form MD3: Multiple Dwelling—Large
   160.190   Scope of regulations
   160.191   Allowed zoning districts
   160.192   Principal uses
   160.193   Accessory uses
   160.194   Bulk regulations
   160.195   Other applicable regulations
Form NF1: Neighborhood Facilities
   160.200   Scope of regulations
   160.201   Allowed zoning districts
   160.202   Principal uses
   160.203   Accessory uses
   160.204   Bulk regulations
   160.205   Other applicable regulations
Form NF2: Neighborhood Residential Facilities
   160.210   Scope of regulations
   160.211   Allowed zoning districts
   160.212   Principal uses
   160.213   Accessory uses
   160.214   Bulk regulations
   160.215   Other applicable regulations
Form BCF1: Business and Community Facilities—Small
   160.220   Scope of regulations
   160.221   Allowed zoning districts
   160.222   Principal uses
   160.223   Accessory uses
   160.224   Bulk regulations
   160.225   Other applicable regulations
Form BCF2: Business and Community Facilities—Community Service
   160.230   Scope of regulations
   160.231   Allowed zoning districts
   160.232   Principal uses
   160.233   Accessory uses
   160.234   Bulk regulations
   160.235   Other applicable regulations
Form BCF3: Business and Community Facilities—Large
   160.240   Scope of regulations
   160.241   Allowed zoning districts
   160.242   Principal uses
   160.243   Accessory uses
   160.244   Bulk regulations
   160.245   Other applicable regulations
Form BCF4: Business and Community Facilities—Open Space
   160.250   Scope of regulations
   160.251   Allowed zoning districts
   160.252   Principal uses
   160.253   Accessory uses
   160.254   Bulk regulations
   160.255   Other applicable regulations
Form RE1: Limited Retail Employment
   160.260   Scope of regulations
   160.261   Allowed zoning districts
   160.262   Principal uses
   160.263   Accessory uses
   160.264   Bulk regulations
   160.265   Other applicable regulations
Form RE2: Streetcar Retail Employment
   160.270   Scope of regulations
   160.271   Allowed zoning districts
   160.272   Principal uses
   160.273   Accessory uses
   160.274   Bulk regulations
   160.275   Other applicable regulations
Form RE3: Parking-Oriented Retail Employment
   160.280   Scope of regulations
   160.281   Allowed zoning districts
   160.282   Principal uses
   160.283   Accessory uses
   160.284   Bulk regulations
   160.285   Other applicable regulations
Form RE4: Community Retail Employment
   160.290   Scope of regulations
   160.291   Allowed zoning districts
   160.292   Principal uses
   160.293   Accessory uses
   160.294   Bulk regulations
   160.295   Other applicable regulations
Form RE5: Regional Retail Employment
   160.300   Scope of regulations
   160.301   Allowed zoning districts
   160.302   Principal uses
   160.303   Accessory uses
   160.304   Bulk regulations
   160.305   Other applicable regulations
Form RE6: Village Mixed-Use
   160.310   Scope of regulations
   160.311   Allowed zoning districts
   160.312   Principal uses
   160.313   Accessory uses
   160.314   PUD regulations
   160.315   Bulk regulations
   160.316   Pedestrian access regulations
   160.317   Other applicable regulations
Form WM1: Warehouse and Manufacturing—Light
   160.320   Scope of regulations
   160.321   Allowed zoning districts
   160.322   Principal uses
   160.323   Accessory uses
   160.324   Bulk regulations
   160.325   Other applicable regulations
Form WM2: Warehouse and Manufacturing—Heavy
   160.330   Scope of regulations
   160.331   Allowed zoning districts
   160.332   Principal uses
   160.333   Accessory uses
   160.334   Bulk regulations
   160.335   Other applicable regulations
Form WM3: Warehouse and Manufacturing—Mining and Waste
   160.340   Scope of regulations
   160.341   Allowed zoning districts
   160.342   Principal uses
   160.343   Accessory uses
   160.344   Bulk regulations
   160.345   Other applicable regulations
Form WM4: Warehouse and Manufacturing—Airport Facilities
   160.350   Scope of regulations
   160.351   Allowed zoning districts
   160.352   Principal uses
   160.353   Accessory uses
   160.354   Bulk regulations
   160.355   Other applicable regulations
Form OPEN1: Conservation Open Space
   160.360   Scope of regulations
   160.361   Allowed zoning districts
   160.362   Principal uses
   160.363   Accessory uses
   160.364   Bulk regulations
   160.365   Other applicable regulations
Form OPEN2: Recreation Open Space
   160.370   Scope of regulations
   160.371   Allowed zoning districts
   160.372   Principal uses
   160.373   Accessory uses
   160.374   Bulk regulations
   160.375   Other applicable regulations
Form OPEN3: Agriculture Open Space
   160.380   Scope of regulations
   160.381   Allowed zoning districts
   160.382   Principal uses
   160.383   Accessory uses
   160.384   Bulk regulations
   160.385   Other applicable regulations
Form UT1: Basic Utilities
   160.390   Scope of regulations
   160.391   Allowed zoning districts
   160.392   Principal uses
   160.393   Accessory uses
   160.394   Bulk regulations
   160.395   Other applicable regulations
Form UT2: Tower Utilities
   160.400   Scope of regulations
   160.401   Allowed zoning districts
   160.402   Principal uses
   160.403   Accessory uses
   160.404   Bulk regulations
   160.405   Other applicable regulations
Overlay Districts
   160.410   Intent; scope of regulations
   160.411   Boundaries of districts
   160.412   Uses permitted
   160.413   Accessory uses
   160.414   Parking regulations
   160.415   Sign regulations
   160.416   Density, area, yard and height regulations
   160.417   Design review overlay districts enumerated
   160.418   Airport influence overlay district
   160.419   Approach zone
   160.420   Transition zones
   160.421   Conical zone
   160.422   Noise exposure zone
   160.423   Avigation easement
   160.424   Acknowledgment of airport influence overlay district
   160.425   Billboard/off-premise sign opportunity overlay district
PUD Planned Unit Development Districts
   160.440   Intent; scope of regulations
   160.441   Compliance with comprehensive plan
   160.442   Procedure
   160.443   Initial development plan submittal process
   160.444   Initial development plan submittal elements
   160.445   Final development plan process and submittal elements
   160.446   Conformance of final development plans
   160.447   Rezoning of PUDs and amendment of initial development plans
   160.448   Institutional campus (S-2) PUD district
   160.449   Downtown (DT) PUD district
   160.450   Village (V-PUD) district
   160.451   Pedestrian-oriented mixed-use (PO-PUD) district
   160.452   Residential cluster development (RCD) PUD district
Nonconforming Uses and Buildings
   160.460   Purpose and intent
   160.461   Continuation of nonconforming uses
   160.462   Use becoming nonconforming by change in law or boundaries
   160.463   Change of nonconforming use
   160.464   Extension or enlargement
   160.465   Restoration after damage
   160.466   Discontinuation of nonconforming uses
   160.467   Effect on use which is illegal under prior law
   160.468   Continuation of nonstandard uses
Fences
   160.480   Fences
Landscape and Buffer Yard Standards
   160.485   Landscape standards
   160.486   [Reserved]
   160.487   [Reserved]
   160.488   Buffer yards
   160.489   [Reserved]
   160.490   [Reserved]
   160.491   Standards for outdoor lighting
Additional Yard Regulations
   160.505   Basics of measuring
   160.506   Tracts with more than one main building with BCF, RE, WM, UT, and MD forms
   160.507   Location of accessory buildings
   160.508   Front yard setback averaging
   160.509   Adjustment to side yard requirements
   160.510   Adjustment of yards when located on an alley
   160.511   Projections from buildings
   160.512   Chimney projection into yards
   160.513   Porches and terraces in front yards
   160.514   Projection of terraces, uncovered porches, platforms, decks and ornamental features
   160.515   Front yard; driveways
   160.516   Future street rights-of-way
   160.517   Intersection vision clearance area
   160.518   Driveway vision clearance area
Parking, Loading, and Stacking Regulations
   160.550   General conditions
   160.551   Off-street parking requirements
   160.552   Reductions
   160.553   Residential parking
   160.554   Off-street loading requirements
   160.555   Stacking and queuing
   160.556   Minimum improvement and maintenance standards
Original Art Murals
   160.560   Purpose and intent
   160.561   Original art mural minimum standards
   160.562   Original art mural registration
On-Premises Sign Regulations
   160.570   Purpose and intent
   160.571   Sign standards
   160.572   Allowed and unauthorized sign types in each district
   160.573   Regulations and limitations of temporary signs
   160.574   Regulations and limitations of changeable signs
   160.575   Regulations and limitations for identification signs
   160.576   Exemptions
   160.577   Illumination
   160.578   Prohibited signs
   160.579   Nonconforming signage
   160.580   Sign maintenance
   160.581   Abandoned signs
   160.582   Permitting process
   160.583   Appeals
Off-Premises Signs
   160.587   Purpose and intent
   160.588   Establishment of billboard/off-premise sign opportunity overlay districts
   160.591   General regulations
   160.592   Conditional uses
Alternative Site Plans
   160.594   Procedure
   160.595   Application requirements
   160.596   Alternative site plan — planning commission hearing
   160.597   Amendments to alternative site plans
   160.598   Common open space alternative plans—MD1, MD2, MD3, NF2, BCF3 forms
   160.599   Landscaping and buffer yard alternative plans
   160.600   Parking reduction alternative plans
   160.601   [Reserved]
   160.602   Signage alternative plans
   160.603   Alternative site plans for streetcar (RE2) forms
Conditional Use Permits
   160.605   Procedure
   160.606   Application
   160.607   Fees
   160.608   Information on conditional use plans
   160.609   Planning commission hearing
   160.610   City council hearing
   160.611   Approval and amendments to conditional use permits
   160.612   Expiration
   160.613   Permit revocation
   160.614   Preexisting uses
   160.615   Reapplication
   160.616   Conditional use standards
Comprehensive Plan Amendment
   160.630   Procedure
   160.631   Application
   160.632   Filing fee
   160.633   Planning commission hearings
   160.634   City council hearing
   160.635   Reapplication
Change of Zone
   160.650   Application to city or by city for zoning district change
   160.651   Fees
   160.652   Review criteria
   160.653   Planning commission hearing
   160.654   City council hearing
   160.655   Reapplication
Administrative Modification of Required Yards and Buffer Yard Berms
   160.660   Types and standards
Board of Adjustment
   160.665   Board established
   160.666   Membership
   160.667   Rules
   160.668   Meetings
   160.669   Appeal procedure
   160.670   Public notice
   160.671   Stays
   160.672   Jurisdiction
   160.673   Decisions of board; scope and factors considered
   160.674   Limitations
   160.675   Court review
Administration and Enforcement
   160.690   Powers and duties
   160.691   Right of entry
   160.692   Stop order
   160.693   Occupancy violation
   160.694   Cooperation of other officials and officers
Zoning Permits
   160.705   Permits required
   160.706   Application
   160.707   Information on plot plan
   160.708   Issuance
   160.709   Retention of plans
   160.710   Validity of permit
   160.711   Expiration
   160.712   Suspension or revocation
Certificate of Occupancy
   160.725   Certificate of occupancy required
   160.726   Certificate of occupancy; required for building permits
   160.727   Certificate of occupancy; issuance
   160.728   Temporary certificate
   160.729   Certificate of occupancy; required for nonconforming uses
   160.730   Record of certificates of occupancy to be kept
Fees
   160.745   General regulations
   160.746   Change of zone
   160.747   [Reserved]
   160.748   Initial development plan
   160.749   Final development plan
   160.750   Planned unit development amendments
   160.751   Conditional use
   160.752   [Reserved]
   160.753   Design review and alternative site plan
   160.754   Board of adjustment
   160.755   Exemption for city filing on its own behalf
   160.756   Zoning permit
   160.757   Fees for zoning verification letters
   160.758   Subdivision ordinance
   160.759   Annexations
   160.760   Future land use plan amendments
General Provisions
   160.775   General regulations
   160.776   Purpose of catch heads; introductory statements and illustrations
   160.777   Amendments
   160.778   Fractions
   160.779   Violation and penalty
   160.780   Interpretation, abrogation and severability
   160.781   Term or title of director
   160.782   Savings clause
   160.783   Effective date
Cross-reference:
   Alcoholic beverages, see ch. 111
   Amusements, see ch. 113
   Building, see ch. 150
   Extraterritorial zoning regulations, see ch. 159
   Food and food handlers, see ch. 112
   Historic preservation, see ch. 151
   Manufactured homes, see ch. 152
   Parks and recreation, see ch. 95
   Pawnbrokers, and dealers in precious metals and gems, see ch. 116
   Planning, see ch. 154
   Sidewalks in planned unit developments, see § 96.056
   Signs and outdoor advertising, see ch. 155
   Storm drainage fee, see § 51.100
   Subdivisions, see ch. 157
   Utilities, see title V
Statutory reference:
   Municipal planning and zoning, see SDCL ch. 11-4
   Power to adopt zoning ordinance, see SDCL 9-12-13
Editor’s note:
   Ordinance 9-13 was adopted on 3-19-2013, and approved by the electorate on 4-8-2014. It became effective on 4-16-2014.