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Required off-street parking and freight loading facilities shall meet the following standards as to location and arrangement. Facilities which are not required but are actually provided shall also meet the following standards unless such standards are stated to be applicable solely to required facilities. In application of the standards of this Code for off-street parking and loading, reference may be made to provisions of other portions of the Municipal Code concerning off-street parking and loading facilities, and to standards of the Better Streets Plan and the Bureau of Engineering of the Department of Public Works. Final authority for the application of such standards under this Code, and for adoption of regulations and interpretations in furtherance of the stated provisions of this Code shall, however, rest with the Planning Department.
(a) Required Parking and Loading on the Same Lot as the Use Served. Every required off-street parking or loading space shall be located on the same lot as the use served by it, except as provided in Section 161 of this Code.
(b) Off-Street Parking and Loading on Private Property. Every off-street parking or loading space shall be located in its entirety within the lot lines of private property. Shared driveways are encouraged.
(c) Adequate Means of Ingress and Egress. Every off-street parking or loading space shall have adequate means of ingress from and egress to a Street or Alley. Access to off-street loading spaces shall be from Alleys in preference to Streets, except where otherwise specified in this Code.
Adequate reservoir space shall be provided on private property for entrance of vehicles to off-street parking and loading spaces, except with respect to spaces independently accessible directly from the Street.
For Residential Uses, independently accessible off-street parking spaces shall include spaces accessed by automated garages, or car elevators, lifts or other space-efficient parking as defined in Section 154(a)(4) and Section 154(a)(5) provided that no more than one car needs to be moved under its own power to access any one space.
(d) Enclosure of Off-Street Loading and Service Vehicle Spaces Required. All off-street freight loading and service vehicle spaces in the C-3, DTR, MUO, CMUO, WMUO, MUG, WMUG, and MUR shall be completely enclosed, and access from a public Street or Alley shall be provided by means of a private service driveway that is totally contained within the structure. Such a private service driveway shall include adequate space to maneuver trucks and service vehicles into and out of all provided spaces, and shall be designed so as to facilitate access to the subject property while minimizing interference with street and sidewalk circulation. Any such private service driveway shall be of adequate width to accommodate drive-in movement from the adjacent curb or inside traffic lane but shall in no case exceed 30 feet. Notwithstanding the foregoing, if an adjacent Street or Alley is determined by the Zoning Administrator to be primarily used for building service, up to four off-street freight or loading spaces may be allowed to be individually accessible directly from such a Street or Alley, pursuant to the provisions of Section 309 in a C-3 District, the provisions of Section 309.1 in a DTR District, the provisions of Section 329 for projects subject to Section 329 in a MUO, CMUO, WMUO, MUG, WMUG, or MUR District, or by administrative decision of the Zoning Administrator for projects that are not subject to Section 329 in a MUO, CMUO, WMUO, MUG, WMUG, or MUR District.
(e) Alternate Location of Service Vehicle Spaces. Where site constraints would make a consolidated freight loading and service vehicle facility impractical, service vehicle spaces required by Sections 153(a)(6) and 154(b)(3) of this Code may be located in a parking garage for the structure or other location separate from freight loading spaces.
(f) Freight Elevator Access to Off-Street Freight Loading. Whenever off-street freight loading spaces are provided, freight elevators immediately accessible from the loading dock shall be provided to all floors which contain uses that are included in the calculation of required number of freight loading spaces. If freight loading facilities are subterranean, the location and operation of freight elevators shall be designed, where feasible, to discourage use of freight elevators for deliveries from the ground floor. Directories of building tenants shall be provided at all freight elevators. A raised loading dock or receiving area shall be provided with sufficient dimensions to provide for short-term storage of goods. All required freight loading and service vehicle spaces shall be made available only to those vehicles at all times, and provision shall be made to minimize interference between freight loading and service operations, and garbage dumpster operations and storage.
(g) Parking Pricing Requirements. In order to discourage long-term commuter parking, any off-street parking spaces provided for a structure or use other than Residential or Hotel in a C-3, DTR, SPD, MUG, WMUG, MUR, CMUO, WMUO, or MUO District, whether classified as an accessory or Conditional Use, that are otherwise available for use for long-term parking by downtown workers shall maintain a rate or fee structure for their use such that the rate charge for four hours of parking duration is no more than four times the rate charge for the first hour, and the rate charge for eight or more hours of parking duration is no less than 10 times the rate charge for the first hour. Additionally, no discounted parking rate shall be permitted for weekly, monthly or similar time-specific periods.
(h) Layout and Markings. The internal layout of off-street parking and loading spaces, driveways, aisles and maneuvering areas shall be according to acceptable standards, and all spaces shall be clearly marked.
(i) Parking Spaces for Persons with Disabilities. For each 25 off-street parking spaces provided, one such space shall be designed and designated for persons with disabilities.
(j) Bicycle Parking. Bicycle parking shall be provided, as required by Section 155.2.
(k) Encroachments. Off-street parking and loading facilities shall be arranged, designed and operated so as to prevent encroachments upon sidewalk areas, bicycle lanes, transit-only lanes and adjacent properties, in the maneuvering, standing, queuing and storage of vehicles, by means of the layout and operation of facilities and by use of bumper or wheel guards or such other devices as are necessary.
(l) Driveways. Driveways crossing sidewalks shall be no wider than necessary for ingress and egress, and shall be arranged, to the extent practical, so as to minimize the width and frequency of curb cuts, to maximize the number and size of on-street parking spaces available to the public, and to minimize conflicts with pedestrian and transit movements.
(m) Surfacing and Grading. Every off-street parking or loading facility shall be suitably graded, surfaced, drained and maintained.
(n) Parking or Loading in Required Open Spaces. Off-street parking and loading spaces shall not occupy any required open space, except as specified in Section 136 of this Code.
(o) Accounting of Parking and Loading Spaces. No area credited as all or part of a required off-street parking space shall also be credited as all or part of a required off-street loading space, or used as all or part of an unrequired off-street loading space. No area credited as all or part of a required off-street loading space shall also be credited as all or part of a required off-street parking space, or used as all or part of an unrequired off-street parking space.
(p) Freight Loading Adjacent to R Districts. Any off-street freight loading area located within 50 feet of any R District shall be completely enclosed within a building if such freight loading area is used in regular night operation.
(q) Rooftop Parking. Rooftop parking, where allowed, shall be screened as provided in Section 141(d) of this Code.
(r) Protected Pedestrian-, Cycling-, and Transit-Oriented Street Frontages. In order to preserve the pedestrian character of certain districts and to minimize delays to transit service, garage entries, driveways, or other vehicular access to off-street parking or loading via curb cuts on development lots shall be regulated as set forth in this subsection (r). These limitations do not apply to the creation of new publicly-accessible Streets and Alleys. Any lot whose sole feasible vehicular access is via a protected street frontage described in this subsection (r) shall be exempted from any off-street parking or loading requirement found elsewhere in this Code.
(1) Folsom Street, from Second Street to The Embarcadero, not permitted except as set forth in Section 827.
(2) Not permitted:
(A) The entire portion of Market Street from The Embarcadero to Castro Street,
(B) Hayes Street from Franklin Street to Laguna Street, and Church Street in the NCT-3 and Upper Market NCT Districts,
(C) Van Ness Avenue from Hayes Street to Mission Street,
(D) Mission Street from The Embarcadero to Annie Street and from 10th Street to Division Street,
(E) Octavia Street from Hayes Street to Fell Street,
(F) Embarcadero in the DTR Districts,
(G) 22nd Street between 3rd Street and Minnesota Streets within the NCT-2 District,
(H) Valencia Street between 15th and 23rd Streets in the Valencia Street NCT District,
(I) Mission Street for the entirety of the Mission Street NCT District,
(J) 24th Street for the entirety of the 24th Street-Mission NCT,
(K) 16th Street between Guerrero and Capp Streets within the Valencia Street NCT and Mission Street NCT Districts,
(L) 16th Street between Kansas and Mississippi Streets in the UMU and PDR-1-D Districts,
(M) 6th Street for its entirety within the SoMa NCT District,
(N) 3rd Street, in the UMU districts for 100 feet north and south of Mariposa and 100 feet north and south of 20th Streets,
(O) Ocean Avenue within the Ocean Avenue NCT District,
(P) Geneva Avenue from I-280 to San Jose Avenue within the NCT-2 District,
(Q) Columbus Avenue between Washington and North Point Streets,
(R) Broadway from the Embarcadero on the east to Polk Street on the west,
(S) All alleyways in the Chinatown Mixed Use Districts,
(T) Diamond Street within the Glen Park NCT District,
(U) Chenery Street within the Glen Park NCT District,
(W) Ecker Alley in its entirety,
(X) Shaw Alley in its entirety,
(Y) 2nd Street from Market to Townsend Streets,
(Z) Destination Alleyways, as designated in the Downtown Streetscape Plan,
(AA) The western (inland) side of the Embarcadero between Townsend and Jefferson Streets,
(BB) Post Street, on the north side from Webster Street to Laguna Street and on the south side from Fillmore Street to Webster Street,
(CC) Buchanan Street from Post Street to Sutter Street,
(DD) Grant Avenue between Columbus Avenue and Filbert Street,
(EE) Green Street between Grant Avenue and Columbus/Stockton,
(FF) All Alleys within the North Beach NCD and the Telegraph Hill-North Beach Residential SUD,
(GG)1 Polk Street between Filbert Street and Golden Gate Avenue,
(HH) California Street between Van Ness Avenue and Hyde Street,
(II) Hyde Street between California Street and Pine Street,
(JJ) Broadway between Van Ness Avenue and Larkin Street,
(KK) Bush Street between Van Ness Avenue and Larkin Street,
(LL) Pine Street between Van Ness Avenue and Larkin Street, and
(MM) Howard Street from 5th Street to 13th Street,
(NN) Folsom Street from 2nd Street to 13th Street,
(OO) Brannan Street from 2nd Street to 6th Street,
(PP) Townsend Street from 2nd Street to 6th Street, except as permitted pursuant to Section 329(e)(3)(B),
(QQ) 3rd Street from Folsom Street to Townsend Street,
(RR) 4th Street from Folsom Street to Townsend Street, and
(MMMM)1 6th Street from Folsom Street to Brannan Street.
(TT) No curb cut shall be permitted that directly fronts an adjacent on-street striped bus stop (e.g., bus stop zones with striping or red curb) that has been approved by the San Francisco Municipal Transportation Agency (SFMTA) Board of Directors, transit bulb-out as defined in the Better Streets Plan, or on street frontage directly adjacent to a transit boarding island as defined in the Better Streets Plan if vehicles accessing the curb cut would be required to cross over the boarding island.
(3) Not permitted without Conditional Use authorization or Sections 309 or 329 exception. In the C-3-O(SD) and the Central SoMa Special Use Districts, the Planning Commission may grant permission for a new curb cut or an expansion of an existing one as an exception pursuant to Sections 309 or 329 in lieu of a Conditional Use authorization as long as the Commission makes the findings required under Section 303(y) and where the amount of parking proposed does not exceed the amounts permitted as accessory according to Section 151.1. In addition, in the MUG, WMUG, MUR, MUO, RED, RED-MX, and SPD Districts, the Planning Commission may grant permission for a new curb cut or an expansion of an existing one as an exception pursuant to Section 329 in lieu of a Conditional Use authorization as long as the Commission makes the findings required under Section 303(y). A Planning Commission Conditional Use authorization subject to the additional findings under Section 303(y) is required to allow a new curb cut or expansion of an existing one on any other restricted street identified in this subsection 155(r)(3).
(A) Except as provided in Section 155(r), in all zoning districts except RH, M, NC-S, P, PDR, and SALI, no curb cuts accessing off-street parking or loading shall be created or expanded on street frontages identified along any Transit Preferential Street as designated in the Transportation Element of the General Plan, or Neighborhood Commercial Street and Commercial Throughways as defined in the Better Streets Plan, or any SFMTA Board of Directors adopted bicycle routes or lanes, where an alternative frontage is available. On such bicycles routes or lanes where the bicycle facility is only on one side of the street, the curb cut restriction shall apply to the side of the street with the bicycle facility, and shall not apply to the opposite side of the street.
(B) The entire portion of California Street,
(C) Folsom Street, Geary Street, Mission Street, Powell Street and Stockton Street in the C-3 Districts,
(D) Grant Avenue from Market Street to Sacramento Street,
(E) Montgomery Street from Market Street to Columbus Avenue,
(F) Church Street and 16th Street in the RTO District,
(G) Duboce Street from Noe Street to Market Street,
(H) Octavia Street from Fell Street to Market Street,
(I) 1st, Fremont and Beale Streets from Market to Folsom Street,
(J) The eastern (water) side of The Embarcadero between Townsend and Taylor Streets,
(K) Fillmore Street from Hermann Street to Duboce Avenue,
(L) Noe Street from Duboce Avenue to Market Street, and
(M) Dolores Street from Market Street to 16th Street.
(N) Harrison Street from 2nd Street to 6th Street,
(O) Bryant Street from 2nd Street to 6th Street, and
(P) 5th Street from Howard Street to Townsend Street.
(4) Where an alternative frontage is not available, parking or loading access along any Transit Preferential Street as designated in the Transportation Element of the General Plan, or Neighborhood Commercial Street or Commercial Throughways defined in the Better Streets Plan, or any SFMTA Board of Directors adopted bicycle routes or lanes, may be allowed on streets not listed in subsection (r)(2) above as an exception in the manner provided in Section 309 for C-3-O(SD) Districts, Section 329 for Mixed-Use Districts, and in Section 303 for all other Districts in cases where the Planning Commission can determine that the final design of the parking access minimizes negative impacts to transit movement and to the safety of pedestrians and bicyclists to the fullest extent feasible.
(5) Corner lots in the SALI District. For corner lots in the SALI District, no new curb cut shall be permitted, nor any existing curb cut expanded, on any Street or Alley identified as an alley in the Western SoMa Area Plan of the General Plan if any property on the same block with frontage along that Street or Alley is designated as a RED or RED-MX District.
(6) A "development lot" shall mean any lot containing a proposal for new construction, building alterations which would increase the gross square footage of a structure by 20 percent or more, or change of use of more than 50 percent of the gross floor area of a structure containing parking. Pre-existing access to off-street parking and loading on development lots that violates the restrictions of this Section 155(r) may not be maintained.
(s) Off-Street Parking and Loading in C-3 Districts. In C-3 Districts, restrictions on the design and location of off-street parking and loading and access to off-street parking and loading are necessary to reduce their negative impacts on neighborhood quality and the pedestrian environment.
(1) Ground Floor or Below-Grade Parking and Street Frontages with Active Uses.
(B) Parking located at or above ground level shall conform to the street frontage requirements of Section 145.1(c), and shall be lined with active uses, as defined by Section 145.4(d), to a depth of at least 25 feet along all ground-level street frontages, except for space allowed for parking and loading access, building egress, and access to mechanical systems.
(2) Residential Accessory Parking. For residential accessory off-street parking in C-3 Districts, two additional floors of above-grade parking beyond the at-grade parking allowed by Section 155(s)(1), to a maximum ceiling height of 35 feet from grade, may be permitted subject to the provisions of Section 309 of this Code provided it can be clearly demonstrated that transportation easements or contaminated soil conditions make it practically infeasible to build parking below-ground. The determination of practical infeasibility shall be made based on an independent, third-party geotechnical assessment conducted by a licensed professional and funded by the project sponsor. The Planning Director shall make a determination as to the objectivity of the study prior to the Planning Commission’s consideration of the exception application under Section 309.
(3) Temporary Parking Lots. Parking lots permitted in C-3 Districts as temporary uses according to Section 156(f) are not subject to the requirements of subsection (1)(B) above.
(A) Width of Openings. Any single development is limited to a total of two façade openings of no more than 11 feet wide each or one opening of no more than 22 feet wide for access to off-street parking and one façade opening of no more than 15 feet wide for access to off-street loading. Shared openings for parking and loading are encouraged. The maximum permitted width of a shared parking and loading garage opening is 27 feet.
(B) Porte Cocheres. Porte cocheres to accommodate passenger loading and unloading are not permitted except as part of a Hotel, inn, or hostel use. For the purpose of this Section, a “porte cochere” is defined as an off-street driveway, either covered or uncovered, for the purpose of passenger loading or unloading, situated between the ground floor façade of the building and the sidewalk.
(t) Garage Additions in the North Beach Neighborhood Commercial District, North Beach-Telegraph Hill Residential Special Use District, and Chinatown Mixed Use Districts. Notwithstanding any other provision of this Code to the contrary, a mandatory discretionary review hearing by the Planning Commission is required in order to install a garage in an existing or proposed structure of two units or more in the North Beach NCD, the North Beach-Telegraph Hill Residential SUD, and the Chinatown Mixed Use Districts.
In order to approve the installation of any garage in these districts, the City shall find that: (1) the proposed garage opening/addition of off-street parking will not cause the elimination or reduction of ground-story retail or commercial space; (2) the proposed garage opening/addition of off-street parking will not eliminate or decrease the square footage of any dwelling unit, (3) the building has not had two or more evictions with each eviction associated with a separate unit(s) within the past ten years, and (4) the garage would not front on an Alley pursuant to Section 155(r)(2) of this Code or on a public right-of-way narrower than 41 feet, and (5) the proposed garage/addition of off-street parking is consistent with the Priority Policies of Section 101.1 of this Code. Prior to the issuance of notification under Section 311 or 312 of this Code, the Department shall require a signed affidavit by the project sponsor attesting to (1), (2), and (3) above, which the Department shall independently verify, and the Department shall determine whether the project complies with subsection (4) above. If the project sponsor does not provide such signed affidavit, or the garage would front on an Alley or on a public right-of-way narrower than 41 feet, the Department shall disapprove the application and no Planning Commission hearing shall be required.
(u) Driveway and Loading Operations Plan (DLOP) in the Central SoMa Special Use District and Van Ness & Market Residential Special Use District.
(1) Purpose. The purpose of a Driveway and Loading Operations Plan (DLOP) is to reduce potential conflicts between driveway and loading operations, including passenger and freight loading activities, and pedestrians, bicycles, and vehicles, to maximize reliance of on-site loading spaces to accommodate new loading demand, and to ensure that off-site loading activity is considered in the design of new buildings.
(2) Applicability. Development projects of more than 100,000 net new gross square feet in the Central SoMa Special Use District and Van Ness & Market Residential Special Use District.
(3) Requirement. Applicable projects shall prepare a DLOP for review and approval by the Planning Department, in consultation with the San Francisco Municipal Transportation Agency. The DLOP shall be written in accordance with any guidelines issued by the Planning Department.
(Amended by Ord. 414-85, App. 9/17/85; Ord. 115-90, App. 4/6/90; Ord. 32-91, App. 1/25/91; Ord. 314-95, App. 10/6/95; Ord. 31-96, App. 1/11/96; Ord. 343-98, App. 11/19/98; Ord. 199-00, File No. 001102, App. 8/18/2000; Ord. 193-01, File No. 010488, App. 9/7/2001; Ord. 217-05, File No. 050865, App. 8/19/2005; Ord. 129-06, File No, 060372, App. 6/22/2006; Ord. 72-08, File No. 071157, App. 4/3/2008; Ord. 112-08, File No. 080095, App. 6/30/2008; Ord. 298-08, File No. 081153, App. 12/19/2008; Ord. 61-09, File No. 090181, App. 4/17/2009; Ord. 187-09, File No. 090867, App. 8/12/2009; Ord. 77-10, File No. 091165, App. 4/16/2010; Ord. 25-11, File No. 101464, App. 2/24/2011; Ord. 63-11, File No. 101053, App. 4/7/2011, Eff. 5/7/2011; Ord. 109-11, File No. 101350, App. 6/29/2011, Eff. 7/29/2011; Ord. 35-12 , File No. 111305, App. 2/21/2012, Eff. 3/22/2012; Ord. 182-12 , File No. 120665, App. 8/8/2012, Eff. 9/7/2012; Ord. 42-13 , File No. 130002, App. 3/28/2013, Eff. 4/27/2013; Ord. 56-13 , File No. 130062, App. 3/28/2013, Eff. 4/27/2013; Ord. 232-14 , File No. 120881, App. 11/26/2014, Eff. 12/26/2014; Ord. 22-15, File No. 141253, App. 2/20/2015, Eff. 3/22/2015; Ord. 229-15 , File No. 151126, App. 12/22/2015, Eff. 1/21/2016; Ord. 99-17, File No. 170206, App. 5/19/2017, Eff. 6/18/2017; Ord. 129-17, File No. 170203, App. 6/30/2017, Eff. 7/30/2017; Ord. 196-17, File No. 170419, App. 10/5/2017, Eff. 11/4/2017; Ord. 205-17, File No. 170418, App. 11/3/2017, Eff. 12/3/2017; Ord. 277-18, File No. 180914, App. 11/20/2018, Eff. 12/21/2018; Ord. 296-18, File No. 180184, App. 12/12/2018, Eff. 1/12/2019; Ord. 311-18, File No. 181028, App. 12/21/2018, Eff. 1/21/2019; Ord. 63-20, File No. 200077, App. 4/24/2020, Eff. 5/25/2020; Ord. 126-20, File No. 200559, App. 7/31/2020, Eff. 8/31/2020)
Divisions (d), (s)(1)(B), and (s)(3)(B) amended; Ord. 63-11, Eff. 5/7/2011. Divisions (g), (i), and (r) amended; Ord. 109-11, Eff. 7/29/2011. Divisions (r)(2)(T) and (r)(2)(U) added; Ord. 35-12 , Eff. 3/22/2012. Division (r)(2)(D) amended; divisions (r)(2)(V)-(Y) added; division (r)(3) amended; division (r)(3)(I) added; Ord. 182-12 , Eff. 9/7/2012. Divisions (d) and (g) amended; new division (r)(5) added and former division (r)(5) redesignated as (r)(6); Ord. 42-13 , Eff. 4/27/2013. Designation of subdivisions of division (r)(2) corrected; Ord. 56-13 , Eff. 4/27/2013. Divisions (d) and (e) amended; new divisions (r)(2)(Z) and (r)(2)(AA) added; former division (r)(3)(A) amended and divided into current divisions (r)(3)(A) and (B); former divisions (r)(3)(B)-(E) redesignated as (r)(3)(C)-(F); former division (r)(3)(F) deleted; division (r)(3)(J) added; division (s)(1)(A) amended; former division (s)(1)(B)(i) deleted; former divisions (s)(2) and (s)(2)(A) amended and merged to form current division (s)(2); former division (s)(2)(B) deleted; division (s)(3) amended; former divisions (s)(3)(A) and (B) deleted; division (s)(4) amended; division (t) added; Ord. 232-14 , Eff. 12/26/2014. Divisions (d), (s)(1)(B), and (s)(4)(B) amended; Ord. 22-15, Eff. 3/22/2015. Divisions (r)(2)(BB) and (CC) added; Ord. 229-15 , Eff. 1/21/2016. Introductory paragraph and divisions (a)-(r) amended; former division (c)(1) redesignated as unnumbered; division (s)(1)(A) amended; divisions (s)(1)(C) and (s)(3) deleted; former divisions (s)(4) and (s)(5) redesignated (s)(3) and (s)(4) and current divisions (s)(3) and (s)(4)(B) amended; Ord. 99-17, Eff. 6/18/2017. Divisions (r) and (r)(2)(CC) amended; divisions (r)(2)(DD)-(FF) added; Ord. 129-17, Eff. 7/30/2017. Division (t) amended; Ord. 196-17, Eff. 11/4/2017. Division (r) amended; divisions (r)(2)(GG)-(LL) added; division (s)(4) designation corrected; Ord. 205-17, Eff. 12/3/2017. Divisions (r), (r)(1), and (r)(3)-(6) amended; divisions (r)(2)(MM), (r)(3)(A), and (r)(3)(K)-(M) added; former divisions (r)(3)(A)-(D) redesignated as (r)(3)(B)-(E); former division (r)(3)(E) deleted; Ord. 277-18 , Eff. 12/21/2018. Section header amended; divisions (d), (g), (r)(2)(N), (r)(2)(Y), and (r)(3) amended; divisions (r)(2)(GG)-(MM) [second group], (r)(3)(K)-(M) [second group], and (u)-(u)(3) added; Ord. 296-18 , Eff. 1/12/2019. Introductory paragraph and divisions (a), (s)(1)(A), and (s)(3) amended; Ord. 311-18 , Eff. 1/21/2019. Divisions (r), (r)(3)(A), and (r)(4) amended; division (r)(2)(MM) deleted; divisions (r)(2)(GG)-(MM) [second group] redesignated as (r)(2)(MM)-(RR) and (r)(2)(MMMM)1 ; division (r)(2)(TT) added; divisions (r)(3)(K)-(M) [second group] redesignated as (r)(3)(N)-(P); Ord. 63-20 , Eff. 5/25/2020. Divisions (u) and (u)(2) amended; Ord. 126-20 , Eff. 8/31/2020.
1. So in Ord. 63-20.