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(a) Affordable Housing. The Van Ness and Market Residential Special Use District ("SUD") enables the creation of a very dense residential neighborhood through significant increases in development potential. This increase in development potential permits an increase in market rate housing development. As described in Section 415.1, affordable housing is a priority for San Francisco and additional demand for affordable housing is closely correlated to the development of new market rate housing. At the direction of the Board of Supervisors and as part of a larger analysis of development impact fees in the City, the City contracted with Keyser Marston Associates to prepare a nexus analysis in support of the Inclusionary Housing Program, or an analysis of the impact of development of market rate housing on affordable housing supply and demand.
The City's Inclusionary Housing Program including the in-lieu fee provision which is offered as an alternative to building units within market rate projects, is not subject to the requirements of the Mitigation Fee Act, Government Code Sections 66000 et seq. Notwithstanding this policy, as an additional support measure, the City prepared a nexus study consistent with the Mitigation Fee Act to determine whether the Inclusionary Affordable Housing Program was supported by such analysis. The final nexus study can be found in the Board of Supervisors File and is incorporated by reference herein. The Board of Supervisors has reviewed the study and the Department's analysis and report of the study and, on that basis finds that the nexus study supports the current Inclusionary Affordable Housing Program requirements as specified in this Section 424.1et seq. combined with this Affordable Housing Floor Area Ratio ("FAR") Bonus Program. Specifically, the Board finds that the nexus study: identifies the purpose of the fee to mitigate impacts on the demand for affordable housing in the City; identifies the use to which the fee is to be put as being to increase the City's affordable housing supply; and establishes a reasonable relationship between the use of the fee for affordable housing and the need for affordable housing and the construction of new market rate housing. Moreover, the Board finds that the current inclusionary requirements combined with the Affordable Housing FAR Bonus Program are less than the cost of mitigation and do not include the costs of remedying any existing deficiencies. The Board also finds that the study establishes that the current inclusionary requirements combined with the Affordable Housing FAR Bonus Program do not duplicate other City requirements or fees.
Moreover, according to the study undertaken by Seifel Consulting at the direction of the Planning Department, increased development potential in the Van Ness and Market Downtown Residential Special Use district through the increased FAR allowance enables an increased contribution to the Citywide Affordable Housing Fund without discouraging the development of new market rate housing. A copy of said study is on file with the Clerk of the Board of Supervisors.
(b) Neighborhood Infrastructure. The Van Ness & Market Residential SUD enables the creation of a very dense residential neighborhood in an area built for back-office and industrial uses. Projects that seek the FAR bonus above the maximum cap would introduce a very high localized density in an area generally devoid of necessary public infrastructure and amenities, as described in the Market and Octavia Area Plan. While envisioned in the Plan, such projects would create localized levels of demand for open space, streetscape improvements, and public transit above and beyond the levels both existing in the area today and funded by the Market and Octavia Community Improvements Fee. Such projects also entail construction of relatively taller or bulkier structures in a concentrated area, increasing the need for offsetting open space for relief from the physical presence of larger buildings. Additionally, the FAR bonus provisions herein are intended to provide an economic incentive for project sponsors to provide public infrastructure and amenities that improve the quality of life in the area. The bonus allowance is calibrated based on the cost of responding to the intensified demand for public infrastructure generated by increased densities available through the FAR density bonus program.
The Board of Supervisors has reviewed the San Francisco Citywide Nexus Analysis prepared by AECOM dated March 2014 ("Nexus Analysis"), the San Francisco Infrastructure Level of Service Analysis prepared by AECOM dated March 2014, and the Transportation Sustainability Fee Nexus Study (TSF Nexus Study), dated May, 2015, on file with the Clerk of the Board in Files Nos. 150149 and 150790, and, under Section 401A, adopts the findings and conclusions of those studies and the general and specific findings in that Section, specifically including the Recreation and Open Space Findings, Pedestrian and Streetscape Findings, Childcare Findings, Bicycle Infrastructure Findings, and Transit Findings, and incorporates those by reference herein to support the imposition of the fees under this Section.
(c) Public Improvements. The public improvements acceptable in exchange for granting the FAR bonus, and that would be necessary to serve the additional population created by the increased density, are listed below. All public improvements shall be consistent with the Market and Octavia Area Plan.
(1) Open Space Acquisition and Improvement. Open Spaces (as described in the Market and Octavia Area Plan), or other open space of comparable size and performance. Open space shall be dedicated for public ownership or permanent easement for unfettered public access and improved for public use, including landscaping, seating, lighting, and other amenities.
(2) Complete Streets. Pedestrian and Streetscape improvements and Bicycle Infrastructure within the Special Use District as described in the Market and Octavia Area Plan, including Van Ness and South Van Ness Avenues, Gough, Mission, McCoppin, Market, Otis, Oak, Fell, Valencia, 11th, 12th, and 13th Streets, along with adjacent alleys. Improvements include sidewalk widening, landscaping and trees, lighting, seating and other street furniture (e.g., newsracks, kiosks, bicycle racks), signage, transit stop and subway station enhancements (e.g., shelters, signage, boarding platforms), roadway and sidewalk paving, public art and living alleys.
(3) Affordable Housing. The type of affordable housing needed in San Francisco is documented in the City’s Consolidated Plan and the Housing Element of the General Plan. New affordable rental housing and ownership housing affordable to households earning less than the median income is greatly needed in San Francisco.
(Added by Ord. 108-10, File No. 091275, App. 5/25/2010; amended by Ord. 50-15 , File No. 150149, App. 4/24/2015, Eff. 5/24/2015; Ord. 200-15 , File No. 150790, App. 11/25/2015, Eff. 12/25/2015; Ord. 222-15 , File No. 155521, App. 12/18/2015, Eff. 1/17/2016; Ord. 126-20, File No. 200559, App. 7/31/2020, Eff. 8/31/2020)