(Amended by Ord. No. 182,850, Eff. 1/3/14.)
91.8502.1. Use or Occupancy. (Amended by Ord. No. 185,587, Eff. 7/16/18.) When applying this division, Joint Living and Work Quarters shall be classified as a Group R-2 occupancy and comply with all Group R-2 occupancy requirements of this Code, except as provided in this division.
91.8502.1.1. Ceiling Height. (Amended by Ord. No. 181,133, Eff. 5/11/10.) Existing ceiling height within a Joint Living and Work Quarters may be maintained, provided the ceiling height is not less than seven feet, except that the ceiling height above a mezzanine may be six feet six inches to any structural projections from the ceiling.
EXCEPTION: The emergency escape or rescue window or door may open directly into an existing court, provided:
A. The court is accessible to the Fire Department.
B. The court is provided with a minimum of one direct exit to a corridor, exit stairway, exit passageway, exterior exit stairway, exterior exit balcony, or exterior exit ramp, or existing fire escape. The existing fire escape shall be structurally sound and shall not serve as an exit for an assembly use.
C. All openings in walls surrounding the court shall be protected as required by CBC Section 705.3 or be provided with an approved water curtain.
Existing unprotected exterior openings, which are not allowed or are required to be protected due to their proximity to a property line, may be maintained without complying with the requirements of CBC Section 705.8 provided the openings are protected with an approved water curtain. Openings in the exterior walls that are not allowed by CBC Section 705.8 due to their proximity to a property line, may not be used to satisfy other code requirements, such as light and ventilation, smoke control or emergency escape.
91.8502.3. Smoke Control System. (Amended by Ord. No. 179,324, Eff. 12/10/07, Oper. 1/1/08.) Existing high-rise buildings shall provide a smoke control system in all portions of the building including basements. The smoke control system shall meet the requirements of CBC Section 909 or all the requirements of this section.
EXCEPTION: The following areas are exempt:
A. New or existing rooms less than 50 square feet in area.
B. New or existing rooms located at or above grade level provided the room has a direct exit to the exterior of the building.
C. Floor levels with openable windows or breakable tempered glass panels in the exterior walls. The area of the openable windows or breakable tempered glass panels shall be a minimum of 20 square feet in area. The openable windows or breakable tempered glass panels shall be located in the exterior walls around the perimeter of the floor no more than 50 linear feet.
91.8502.3.1. Capacity. Smoke-control systems shall provide at least six air changes per hour for all areas within the building including basements, provide exhaust to the exterior of the building, and provide an adequate makeup air supply that is uniformly distributed.
91.8502.3.2. Smoke Dampers. (Amended by Ord. No. 185,587, Eff. 7/16/18.) If a smoke-control system serves more than one floor, then smoke dampers shall be installed in the main exhaust air ducts and the main supply air ducts serving each floor and shall comply with the activation requirements of CBC Section 717.3.3. The smoke dampers shall be installed in a manner that will prevent the movement of smoke from one floor to another floor when the dampers are closed. The vertical risers of the main exhaust air duct shall be installed in metal ducts complying with the requirements for product-conveying ducts in Divisions 5 and 6, Article 5, Chapter IX of the LAMC.
In the firefighter’s control panel, all smoke dampers within the same smoke-control zone shall be actuated by one On-Auto-Off switch in accordance with CBC Section 909.16.3, except that an alternate actuation method may be allowed when approved by both the Fire Department and the Department.
Combination fire and smoke dampers shall be listed to conform to UL 555 and UL 555S and smoke dampers shall be listed to conform to UL 555S and they shall be accessible for inspection, service and repair. Pneumatic tubing to operate these dampers shall be of noncombustible materials.
91.8502.3.3. Firefighter’s Control Panel. (Amended by Ord. No. 179,324, Eff. 12/10/07, Oper. 1/1/08.) The firefighter’s control panel shall comply with all the requirements of CBC Section, 909.16, except that graphically depicted representation of the building may be omitted when accepted by the Fire Department. The firefighter’s control panel shall monitor and be capable of overriding the Mechanical Test Panel. The Mechanical Test Panel is a separate control panel that provides controls and displays the status of the ventilation fans, dampers, and other smoke control devices as required by CBC Section 909 and shall be located in the same room as the Firefighter’s Control Panel.
91.8502.3.4. Performance Test. (Amended by Ord. No. 179,324, Eff. 12/10/07, Oper. 1/1/08.) Upon completion and before final approval of the installation of a smoke- control system required by this Code, a smoke control performance test, complying with the testing procedures of CBC Section 909.18, shall be used to verify the rate of air- flow and proper operation as specified in this division. Tests shall be conducted in the presence of both the Fire Department and the Department.
Prior to conducting the required smoke control performance test, a preliminary performance report shall be submitted to the Department by a person, holding a Certificate of Qualification as required by CBC Section 909.18, verifying that the performance criteria of the Department have been met.
91.8502.3.5. Additional Smoke Control Requirements. Existing air conditioning and ventilation systems may be used as part of the smoke-control system. Existing return air plenum and approved fiberglass air ducts may be used as part of the smoke-control system. A smoke exhaust system shall be designed in a manner that will prevent smoke from going from one room to another, except when two or more rooms are connected together by means of a permanent unobstructed opening at least 20 square feet with a minimum three feet dimension, then the rooms shall be considered as one room for the purpose of designing the smoke-control system.
91.8502.4. Fire-extinguishing System. (Amended by Ord. No. 185,587, Eff. 7/16/18.) A fire sprinkler system, standpipe system, and water storage tank shall be provided as required for a new building of the same height, type of construction and occupancy, except that a high-rise building for which a building permit was issued prior to July 1, 1974 may comply with the fire safety standards of LAMC Section 91.8604.
The fire sprinkler system, if required, shall be installed in accordance with NFPA 13 as adopted by the Plumbing Code.
91.8502.5. Fire Alarm System. If a fire alarm system is required by CBC Section 907.2.9 or 403.4.2 for a new building of the same type of construction and occupancy, or installed at the option of the owner, then the entire building shall have fire alarm systems that are in full compliance with CBC Section 907.2.9. In a high-rise building, the fire alarm systems shall be supplied by a generator used as an emergency system in accordance with CBC Section 403.4.8. For all other buildings, an alternate source of power may be used provided it is approved by both the Fire Department and the Department.
High-rise buildings shall be provided with a central control station (fire command center) that complies with all the requirements of CBC Section 403.4.6 and LAMC Section 57.508, including the minimum room dimensions of 10 feet (3048 mm). (Amended by Ord. No. 186,488, Eff. 12/27/19.)
91.8502.6. Fire Pumps and Generator (Combustion Engines and Gas Turbines) Rooms. (Amended by Ord. No. 185,587, Eff. 7/16/18.) In high-rise buildings, diesel or/and electric fire pumps shall be provided as required for a new building, except that a high-rise building for which a building permit was issued prior to July 1, 1974 may comply with LAMC Subdivision 91.8604.6.5.
Fire pump and generator (combustion engines and gas turbines) rooms shall be separated with a minimum one-hour occupancy separation from adjoining rooms and from each other.
Combustion air and room ventilation air shall be required by the Building and Mechanical Codes, except that the room ventilation exhaust may be considered as environmental air.
In rooms containing diesel fire pumps and generators, a flue venting system shall be provided which complies with the requirements of Division 8, Article 5, Chapter IX of the LAMC, except that:
A. Clearance from the flue venting system to any combustible material may be reduced to 6 inches (152.4 mm) if the vent is wrapped with an approved insulation equivalent to a two-hour fire-rated assembly for high-rise buildings and one-hour fire-rated assembly for all other types of buildings; and
B. The flue venting system may terminate at the exterior wall when installed in compliance with the exhaust system termination in NFPA 37, Standard for the Installation and Use of Stationary Combustion Engines and Gas Turbines. (Amended by Ord. No. 186,488, Eff. 12/27/19.)
C. The flue venting system may terminate under the roof overhang, provided the exhaust outlet is located lower than the overhang by a distance equal to the projection of the overhang.
91.8502.7. Means of Egress. (Amended by Ord. No. 185,587, Eff. 7/16/18.) The portion of the building converted to a Joint Living and Work Quarters shall be provided with means of egress as required by Division 10, Article 1, Chapter IX of the LAMC for a new building, except that the alternative requirements of LAMC Subdivisions 91.8502.7.1 through 91.8502.7.5 may be used in lieu of the requirements in Division 10, Article 1, Chapter IX of the LAMC. An existing fire escape which is in good operating condition, may be used as a second means of egress, provided the fire escape does not serve as an exit for an assembly occupancy.
1. Existing nonconforming fire-resistive walls and ceiling of a corridor constructed of wood lath and plaster, which are in good condition, may be acceptable as equivalent to the required one-hour fire-resistive construction.
2. Existing doors between the corridor and the Joint Living and Work Quarters that are part of the historic fabric of a Qualified Historical Building may be allowed to remain provided approved smoke gaskets and self-closing and latching devices to prevent smoke penetration are installed on the door, or the existing door shall be replaced with a door conforming to the requirements of CBC Section 7184.108.40.206. (Amended by Ord. No. 186,488, Eff. 12/27/19.)
A. The dead-end corridor shall be constructed as described above in LAMC Subdivision 91.8502.7.1 for the full length of the dead-end corridor.
B. The dead-end corridor shall not exceed 40 feet (12.192 m) in length.
C. A door with a magnetic hold-open device shall be placed across the corridor to create a vestibule located furthest from the open end of the dead-end corridor. The placement of the door shall be located not more than 20 feet (6.09 m) from the open end of the dead-end corridor and the occupant load of the vestibule shall be less than 10 occupants.
91.8502.7.4. Exit Stairway. (Amended by Ord. No. 186,488, Eff. 12/27/19.) All exit stairways shall be enclosed and shall comply with all the requirements of CBC Section 1023. Existing exit stairway enclosures may be allowed to pass through the first-floor elevator lobby, provided an approved fire-rated smoke-sealed door is placed in front of the elevator door on the first floor or there is another exit stairway enclosure leading directly to the public way.
91.8502.7.5. Pressurization of Exit Stairway Enclosure. If pressurization of exit stairway enclosure is required, then a mechanical ventilation system shall be provided. The mechanical ventilation system shall provide a uniform air velocity of not less than 50 feet per minute while maintaining a positive pressure (not exceeding 25 pounds force on an interior door) relative to the adjacent areas and discharging this air to the outside of the building.
The mechanical ventilation system shall be activated simultaneously with the fire sprinkler system or the smoke detector system. The mechanical ventilation system shall be supplied with primary and secondary sources of power. The primary power shall be provided by the power system supplied by the public utilities. The secondary power shall be from an approved standby source complying with the Electrical Code.
91.8502.9.1. Light. ((Amended by Ord. No. 186,488, Eff. 12/27/19.) Windows or skylights with a total area not less than one fifteenth of the floor area of the room may be used to satisfy the natural light requirements. Kitchens may be provided with artificial light. In lieu of required exterior glazed openings, artificial light may be provided in accordance with CBC Section 1204.3.
91.8502.9.2. Ventilation. (Amended by Ord. No. 186,488, Eff. 12/27/19.) Habitable rooms shall be provided with natural ventilation by means of openable exterior openings with an area of not less than one thirtieth of the floor area of the room. In lieu of required openable exterior openings, a mechanical ventilation system in accordance with the California Mechanical Code may be provided.
Public corridors or hallways shall be provided with an adequate ventilation system when all the habitable rooms in the Joint Living and Work Quarters on the floor do not have openable exterior openings that comply with the requirements of CBC Section 1202.1.
An adequate ventilation system for the public corridors shall mean either an operable exterior window or a permanent exterior opening having a minimum area of 5 square feet (.046 m 2 ), or a mechanical ventilation system that complies with the requirements of LAMC Subsection 91.8502.14 and CBC Section 1203.1.
91.8502.9.3. Light and Ventilation Court. A window may open into an existing court for light and ventilation, provided, the court is has adequate access at the bottom of the court for cleaning purposes. Every court more than two stories in height shall be provided with a horizontal air intake at the bottom of the court from the court to the exterior of the building, unless the court opens to a yard or public way.
The horizontal air intake shall not be less than 10 square feet in cross-sectional area and shall lead to the exterior of the building. The construction of the horizontal air intake shall be as required for the court walls of the building, but in no case shall be less than one-hour fire-resistive construction. A mechanical ventilation system complying with the Mechanical Code may vent the court in lieu of the horizontal air intake.
EXCEPTION: When approved by the Superintendent of Building, an existing court may be deemed adequate for the purpose of providing light and ventilation based upon the area and height of the court.
91.8502.10. Sound Transmission Insulation. (Amended by Ord. No. 186,488, Eff. 12/27/19.) Existing construction may remain without complying with the sound transmission insulation requirements for any newly created Joint Living and Work Quarters. All new construction shall comply with sound transmission requirements of CBC Section 1206.
91.8502.11. Energy Conservation. (Amended by Ord. No. 181,133, Eff. 5/11/10.) All new HVAC and new lighting systems shall comply with the current energy conservation requirements contained in Part 6 of Title 24 of the California Code of Regulations (California Energy Code). An Existing Building with a Joint Living and Work Quarters need not comply with the Building Envelope requirements of the California Energy Code, if the Building Envelope is not altered in anyway due to compliance with other code requirements.
91.8502.12. Structural Design Requirements (Seismic Provision). (Amended by Ord. No. 184,692, Eff. 12/30/16.) The conversion of any portion of an Existing Building to a Joint Living and Work Quarters shall be analyzed for 75% of the Design Earthquake Ground motion as defined in CBC Section 1613.2 and as specified in CBC Section 1613.3, but in no event shall there be a reduction in the capacity of the seismic force resisting system where that system provides a greater level of protection than the minimum requirements established by this division.
EXCEPTION: Unreinforced Masonry Bearing Wall Buildings (URM). The conversion of any portion of an existing URM building shall comply with of Appendix Chapter A1 of Part 10 of the California Code of Regulations Title 24 (California Existing Building Code).
Performance-based engineering analysis and design procedures may be used to evaluate the existing structure and the design of strengthening elements when approved by the Superintendent of Building. All structural elements of the building shall be strengthened to meet the minimum design analysis as specified in LAMC Subdivisions 91.8502.12.1 through 91.8502.12.3 or new structural elements shall be added when required. All new structural elements shall meet current detailing requirements of CBC Section 1604. (Amended by Ord. No. 185,587, Eff. 7/16/18.)
For other types of buildings not mentioned in this section, such as Steel Frame Buildings with Semi-Rigid Beam-Column Connections, Dual Systems with Steel Moment Frames and Concrete Shear Walls, or Steel Frame Buildings with Steel Bracing, shall comply with the standards developed by the Department.
91.8502.12.1. Reinforced Concrete Buildings and Concrete Frame Buildings With and Without Masonry Infill Walls. (Amended by Ord. No. 186,488, Eff. 12/27/19.) Reinforced concrete buildings or concrete frame buildings with or without masonry infill walls and that are within the scope of LAMC Section 91.9502, shall comply with all the provisions of Division 95, Article 1, Chapter IX of the LAMC.
91.8502.12.2. Steel Frame Buildings with Masonry Infill Walls. (Amended by Ord. No. 186,488, Eff. 12/27/19.) Steel frame buildings with masonry infill walls shall be made to comply with the standards as developed by the Department and all the relevant provisions of Article 1.2, Chapter IX of the LAMC.
All existing WSMF buildings, which have experienced greater than 0.25g-peak ground acceleration and which were constructed prior to March 7, 1995, shall be evaluated using procedures and repair criteria of FEMA 352, "Recommended Post-earthquake Evaluation and Repair Criteria for Welded Steel Moment-Frame Buildings." An engineering report shall be submitted to the Department. The engineering report shall either substantiate that the existing steel moment framed connections are in good condition, or recommend repair procedures for the welded steel moment-frame connections that are cracked or otherwise compromised.
91.8502.13. Electrical Systems. All electrical systems and installations for a Joint Living and Work Quarters and other alterations in adjoining areas shall be designed in accordance with the Electrical Code, except that the general lighting in the Joint Living and Work Quarters shall be installed based on the unit load of 4.0 volt-amperes per square foot. (Amended by Ord. No. 184,692, Eff. 12/30/16.)
91.8502.15. Elevators. (Amended by Ord. No. 186,488, Eff. 12/27/19.) Existing elevators need not comply with the requirements of Division 30, Article 1, Chapter IX of the LAMC, except where required to comply with the State Elevator Safety Order of Subchapter 6, of Chapter 4, Division 1 of Title 8 of the California Code of Regulations. Existing freight elevators shall not be used as passenger elevators.
91.8502.16. Historical Building Provisions. Qualified Historical Buildings may use the State Historical Building Code.