Chapter 8.32
SWIMMING POOLS AND SPAS
Sections:
8.32.010   Purpose and scope.
8.32.020   Definitions.
8.32.030   Approval of plans required.
8.32.040   Application for approval—Plan documents required.
8.32.050   Preparation and certification of plans.
8.32.060   Modification of plans.
8.32.070   Notification of completion—Approval to operate.
8.32.080   Water quality standards.
8.32.090   Instruction signs.
8.32.100   Attire, towels and miscellaneous articles.
8.32.110   Persons excluded from pool.
8.32.120   Operation standard.
8.32.130   First aid equipment required.
8.32.140   Materials and construction standards.
8.32.150   Fill and draw pools prohibited.
8.32.160   Water recirculation and filtering system.
8.32.170   Disinfection.
8.32.180   Bathhouse and dressing facilities.
8.32.190   Public swimming pools.
8.32.200   Semipublic swimming pools.
8.32.210   Wading pools.
8.32.220   Hydrotherapy pools, hot tubs and spa pools.
8.32.230   Special-use pools.
8.32.240   Swimming pool service technicians and operators.
8.32.250   Natural and semiartificial bathing places.
8.32.260   Inspection.
8.32.270   Closing of bathing places—Reasons.
8.32.280   Violation—Penalty.
8.32.290   Compliance required.
8.32.010   Purpose and scope.
   A.   These regulations are promulgated pursuant to A.R.S. Section 36-136, which authorizes the director of the county health department to:
      1.   Preserve and secure the health, comfort and welfare of the general public;
      2.   Prevent the spread of contagious and communicable disease;
      3.   Prevent the existence of unclean, filthy and unsanitary conditions and nuisances.
   B.   These regulations prescribe minimum standards for design of pools and sanitary conditions which shall be maintained at any public or semi-public swimming pool or bathing place. These regulations also provide for inspection of such premises and for closing any premises or facility which does not comply with the minimum standards.
   C.   It is the intent of the board of supervisors to adopt this chapter pursuant to A.R.S. Sections 11-251, 36-136 and 36-184, as amended.
(Ord. 1984-42 (part), 1984: prior code § 23.60.010(A))
8.32.020   Definitions.
   As used in this chapter:
   A.   "Bathing place" means and includes all bodies of water used by persons for swimming, wading, hydrotherapy, recreation, bathing or special use, together with the shores, bathhouses, sanitary facilities, bathing attire, equipment, and all other appurtenances to such bodies of water.
   B.   "Construct" means and includes building or installing a new bathing place or enlarging or altering existing facilities.
   C.   "Cross-connection" means any physical connection between two piping systems, one of which contains potable water and the other sewage or water of unknown or questionable quality, through which water may flow from either system to the other.
   D.   "Department" means the county health department.
   E.   "Fill and draw pool" means a swimming pool where the principal means of cleaning is the complete removal of the used water and the replacement thereof with potable water.
   F.   "Flow-through pool" means a swimming pool where potable water constantly enters the pool and an equal quantity of used water constantly flows out of the pool.
   G.   "Freeboard" means that section of the pool wall measured vertically between the water surface and the walkway or deck surface.
   H.   "Hydrotherapy pool" means any pool providing a vapor environment, roiling water, injected air, or similar effect.
   I.   "Natural bathing place" means unmodified natural outdoor lakes, ponds, rivers, etc.
   J.   "Operate" means to conduct, maintain, or otherwise provide facilities and appurtenances at bathing places.
   K.   "Overflow system" means and includes gutters and other rim-type overflows, surface skimmers and collection systems of various designs and manufacture.
   L.   "Private pool" means a pool operated by an individual for his own or his family's use, or for guests of his household, or by an owner to serve a housing group consisting of not more than three (3) living units.
   M.   "Public pool" means a swimming pool, admission to which may be gained by the general public with or without payment of a fee.
   N.   "Recirculating pool" means a swimming pool where a portion of pool water is constantly being removed, filtered and disinfected, then returned to the pool.
   O.   "Return line" means that portion of the recirculating system piping which carries clean water from the filter back to the swimming pool.
   P.   "Secchi disk" means a 200 mm. circular plate which has opposite quarters painted gloss white and black.
   Q.   "Semiartificial bathing place" means outdoor bathing places which are partly artificial and partly natural.
   R.   "Semipublic pool" means a swimming pool on the premises of, or part of, but not limited to, a hotel, motel, mobile home park, apartment house, country club, camp, health club, condominium, homeowners' association, or similar establishment where the primary business of the establishment is not the operation of the swimming facilities and where admission to the use of the pool is included in the fee, or consideration paid or given for the primary use of the premises.
   S.   "Special-use pool" means a pool designed and used for special purposes, such as diving, aquatic training, swimming instruction, or similar use as recognized by the department.
   T.   "Spray pond" means an artificially constructed special-use pool into which water is sprayed but not allowed to accumulate.
   U.   "Swimming pool" and/or "pool" means an artificial basin, chamber or tank, constructed and used, or intended to be used, for swimming, diving or bathing.
   V.   "Wading pool" means a shallow pool intended primarily for use by children.
   W.   "Water level" shall be established in one of the following ways:
      1.   Deemed to fall in the midpoint of the operating range of the skimmers;
      2.   On pools with overflow systems, the level shall be deemed to be that established by the height of the overflow rim.
(Ord. 1990-81 § 1, 1990: Ord. 1984-42 (part), 1984: prior code § 23.60.010(B))
8.32.030   Approval of plans required.
   No bathing place shall be constructed, nor shall any bathing place now or hereafter existing be materially altered or enlarged, before complete plans and specifications, together with such further information as the department may require, shall have been submitted to and received the written approval of the department.
(Ord. 1984-42 (part), 1984: prior code § 23.60.010(C))
8.32.040   Application for approval—Plan documents required.
   A.   An application for approval of any proposed bathing place shall be made to the department by the owner on forms furnished by the department Such application for approval shall accompany the plans and specifications at the time of submission to the department for review.
   B.   The operator/owner of a previously approved swimming pool, as defined in this chapter, wishing to change the nature of his classification from public to semipublic or semipublic to public, must demonstrate, to the satisfaction of the department, that the facility meets all requirements of these regulations as related to the desired classification. If any additional construction or modification of the facility shall be required, plans and specifications of the proposed facility shall be submitted for approval as required in Section 8.32.030.
   C.   Plans and specifications shall be submitted to the department at least thirty days prior to the date upon which action is desired. Plan documents submitted for approval shall include a general plot plan, plans and specifications showing the pool shape, dimensions, water treatment and pumping facilities, piping arrangements and sizes, source of water supply, method of disposal of wastes, together with all pertinent data upon which the design is based, including capacities of the various units, safety equipment, and other information necessary to permit a clear and full understanding of the proposed project. Where required, detailed plans of bathhouses, dressing rooms, toilets, recreational, and other pool appurtenances shall be included.
(Ord. 1984-42 (part), 1984: prior code § 23.60.010(D))
8.32.050   Preparation and certification of plans.
   All plans and specifications submitted to the department for approval must have been prepared by, or under the supervision of, a currently registered professional engineer or architect, or a commercial swimming pool contractor, who is licensed to practice in the state of Arizona, who shall certify that the plans comply with these regulations and criteria contained in the swimming pool design policy. All plans and specifications shall be submitted on drafting paper, eighteen inches by twenty-four inches minimum size.
(Ord. 1990-81 § 2, 1990: Ord. 1984-42 (part), 1984: prior code § 23.60.010(E))
8.32.060   Modification of plans.
   All work shall conform to approved plans and specifications. Should it be necessary or desirable to make any changes in the approved plans and specifications of the proposed work, revised plans and specifications, together with a written statement of the reasons for such change, shall be submitted to the department for review. Approval must be obtained in writing before the work affected by the change is undertaken.
(Ord. 1984-42 (part), 1984: prior code § 23.60.010(F))
8.32.070   Notification of completion—Approval to operate.
   A.   The design, operation and maintenance of bathing places shall be in conformance with this chapter and criteria contained in the county department of health services swimming pool design policy.
   B.   Before initial approval shall be given for the operation of a bathing place, the swimming pool contractor, or a currently registered engineer or architect, shall certify that the complete bathing place is constructed in accordance with the approved plans and specifications.
   C.   Operation of newly constructed bathing places shall not commence before a final inspection has been made and approval to operate has been given by the department.
   D.   No public or semipublic bathing place shall be maintained or operated in the county without a permit in force issued by the department. The permit shall be displayed in a conspicuous place on the premises where it may be readily observed by the public.
(Ord. 1984-42 (part), 1984: prior code § 23.60.010(G))
8.32.080   Water quality standards.
   A.   Generally. Swimming pool water shall be treated and maintained so that, whenever the swimming pool is open for use, the bacterial, chemical and physical qualities of the water will meet the standards set forth in this section.
   B.   Bacterial Standards. Not more than fifteen percent of the water samples collected for a pool shall:
      1.   Contain more than two hundred bacteria per milliliter, as determined by the standard (358 C) Agar Plate Count; or
      2.   Show a confirmed positive test for coliform organisms in any of 5-10 milliliter portions of a sample, or more than one coliform organism per fifty milliliters when the membrane filter test is used. All samples shall be collected dechlorinated, or similarly neutralized when another disinfectant is used, and examined in accordance with the procedures outlined in the latest edition of Standard Method for the Examination of Water and Wastewater (APHA). The department may collect, or require the pool owner to collect and submit, water samples for bacteriological examination on a routine basis while the pool is in active use.
   C.   Chemical Standards. All pools shall be continuously disinfected by an approved means which will maintain an adequate, readily measurable residual or disinfectant in the water. Whenever chlorine, or chlorine compound, is employed for pool disinfection, the amount of free chlorine residual in the water shall not be less than 1.0 P.P.M. or more than 5.0 P.P.M. at a pH of 7.0 to 8.0. Whenever chlorinated isocyanurate or isocyanuric acid are applied to the water for stabilization, the free chlorine residual shall not be less than 1.0 P.P.M. or more than 5.0 P.P.M. with a isocyanurate level of not more than 100 P.P.M. The total alkalinity must be between 60 and 180 P.P.M. The procedure for determination of free chlorine residual shall be by the DPD method or any of the other procedures outlined in the latest edition of Standard Methods for Examination of Water or Wastewater (APHA), or by other methods approved by the department.
   D.   Physical Standards. The surface of the pool water shall be kept free of scum and floating debris. The bottom and sides shall be maintained free of sediment, dirt, slime and algae. Water shall be maintained free of turbidity and shall be sufficiently clear so that the main drain outlet is clearly visible from the side of the pool, or that a Secchi disk 200 mm. in diameter when placed at the bottom of the pool at the deepest point is clearly visible from all sides of the pool.
   E.   Tests. All pools shall be equipped with approved test equipment to determine pH and disinfectant residual. The pool operator shall perform the tests and record the results in the daily operating records. Such records shall be made available to state and county health department officials upon request. Public pools shall be tested every hour. Semi-public pools shall be tested twice a day.
(Ord. 1990-81 § 3, 1990: Ord. 1984-42 (part), 1984: prior code § 23.60.010(H))
8.32.090   Instruction signs.
   All persons shall be instructed before entering the pool, by means of suitable, clearly lettered signs properly located to observe all safety regulations set out in appendices C-1 and C-2 of the ordinance codified in this section, on file and available for public inspection with the county health department.
(Ord. 1990-81 § 4, 1990: Ord. 1984-42 (part), 1984: prior code § 23.60.010(I))
8.32.100   Attire, towels and miscellaneous articles.
   A.   Bathing attire, towels, linens, and similar articles shall be clean, dry and sanitary when provided to patrons.
   B.   The provision of towels, drinking cups, combs, hair brushes, soap, and other similar items for use in common by the public is prohibited.
(Ord. 1984-42 (part), 1984: prior code § 23.60.010(J))
8.32.110   Persons excluded from pool.
   Persons with sore or inflamed eyes, colds, nasal or ear discharges, boils or other acute or obvious skin or body infections, or cuts shall be excluded from the pool. No person in or at a swimming pool shall commit, or be permitted to commit, any act prejudicial to the life or health of any other person using the pool. Animals shall be excluded from the pool.
(Ord. 1984-42 (part), 1984: prior code § 23.60.010(K))
8.32.120   Operation standard.
   All bathing place facilities shall at all times be operated and maintained in a clean and sanitary condition.
(Ord. 1984-42 (part), 1984: prior code § 23.60.010(L))
8.32.130   First aid equipment required.
   An O.S.H.A. sixteen-unit or equivalent first aid kit shall be provided, maintained and readily available for emergency use. In public pools, a standard stretcher, or spine board, and two blankets shall be provided.
(Ord. 1990-81 § 5, 1990: Ord. 1984-42 (part), 1984: prior code § 23.60.010(M))
8.32.140   Materials and construction standards.
   Materials and construction of a swimming pool shall be sound, durable and, where required, waterproof. The pool shall be rigid, smooth, free from cracks, easily cleanable and finished in either white or a light color. Pool lining, specifically plastic and similar linings, and finishes not totally bonded to the pool sides and bottom are prohibited.
(Ord. 1990-81 § 6, 1990: Ord. 1984-42 (part), 1984: prior code § 23.60.010(N))
8.32.150   Fill and draw pools prohibited.
   The construction and operation of fill and draw pools is prohibited.
(Ord. 1984-42 (part), 1984: prior code § 23.60.010(O))
8.32.160   Water recirculation and filtering system.
   A.   Generally. The water recirculation system, consisting primarily of piping, pumps, filters, water conditioning and disinfecting equipment, together with other standard accessory equipment, shall be adequate to clarity and disinfect the entire contents of the pool in eight hours or less. Except that indoor exercise pools shall be designed to provide a six-hour turnover. The recirculation system shall operate continuously when the pool is open for use.
   B.   Piping. Piping systems shall be:
      1.   Designed to carry the required quantity of water at a velocity of not more than ten feet per second when located on the discharge side of a pump and not more than six feet per second when located on the suction side of a pump, unless accompanied by an approved hydraulic design;
      2.   Of sufficient strength to withstand operating pressure;
      3.   Made of nontoxic material;
      4.   Reasonably resistant to corrosion under conditions of operation;
      5.   Installed so that pipes and fittings which pass through the pool structure shall not project in a manner which is hazardous to users of the facility;
      6.   Meet or exceed National Sanitation Foundation standards.
   C.   Identification. Piping systems shall be identified by name tags or appropriate colors painted or located at conspicuous points.
   D.   Hair Strainer. The recirculation system shall include a removable strainer to prevent hair, lint, etc., from reaching the pump and filters. Strainers shall be of corrosion-resistant material, with openings having a total area equal to four times the area of the recirculation pump suction pipe.
   E.   Pool Cleaning System. A pool vacuum cleaning system shall be provided. In integral systems, connection shall be provided in sufficient number and located in the pool walls and said connection is recommended to be at least ten inches below the water line. In addition, automatic or self-cleaning systems may be installed if they are approved by the department. Vacuum systems are to be installed with positive-type shutoff valves in the equipment area. Vacuum system shall be operational only when the vacuum lines are attached during the cleaning process. Vacuum inlets are to be installed with International Association of Plumbing and Mechanical Officials-approved safety covers.
   F.   Inlets. Adjustable pool wall inlets shall be provided on all pools. Inlets shall be of sufficient number, properly designed, sized and installed to produce uniform circulation throughout the pool. There shall be a minimum of six inlets. At least one inlet shall be located within five feet of each corner and in each step alcove. Inlets shall be on a closed loop piping system. Where the width of the pool exceeds thirty feet, bottom returns will also be required. Bottom returns shall be flush with the pool bottom or of such design as to prevent injury to bathers. Returns will be considered to have an area of influence described by a radius of fifteen feet.
   G.   Drains. Pools shall be equipped with at least one main drain located in the deepest portion. Drains shall be covered by grating, which are not readily removable by bathers and which have safe openings at least four times the area of the drain pipe. Drains shall be spaced at intervals of not greater than one each twenty feet of pool width in the deepest portion. All drains shall have appropriate plumbing features so as to prevent the possibility of entrapping suction.
   H.   Water Treatment Chemical feeders, mixing tank, and other equipment maybe required where the continuous addition of certain chemicals is deemed by the department to be necessary for the treatment and filtration process.
   I.   Flow Indicator. An accurate rate-of-flow indicator shall be installed and located so that the rate of recirculation will be indicated. Indicators shall be accurate to five percent under all conditions of flow. The indicator shall have a range of at least one hundred fifty percent of normal flow rate.
   J.   Sight Glass. Pressure filter systems shall be equipped with a sight glass installed on the waste discharge pipe.
   K.   Air Relief Valves. Each pressure filter shall be equipped with an air relief piping system connected at an accessible point near the crown. Automatic air relief systems may be used in lieu of manual systems.
   L.   Access to Equipment. Filters shall be designed, located and constructed to permit removal of filter manhole covers or heads for inspection purposes and replacement or repair of the filter elements or media. No filter or filtration system shall be installed beneath the surface of the ground or within any enclosure without adequate provision of access for inspection and maintenance.
   M.   Filtration Rate—Sand. The rate of filtration in high-rate filters shall not exceed an equivalent of twenty-five gallons per minute per square foot. Sufficient surface area of filter media shall be provided to achieve this rate.
   N.   Filtration Rate—Diatomaceous Earth. The rate of filtration of diatomaceous earth filters shall not exceed two gallons per minute per square foot of effective surface area.
   O.   Filtration Rate—Cartridge Type. The rate of filtration of cartridge filters shall not exceed 0.375 gallons per minute per square foot of effective surface area.
   P.   Acceptable Filters. Only those filter types which meet the standards set forth by the National Sanitation Foundation will be acceptable.
   Q.   Gauges. Pressure gauges shall be installed on the inlet and outlet manifold of filters.
   R.   Cross-connection Control. Cross-connections between potable water and the circulation system or water reservoir of any pool are prohibited. Potable water for make-up water purposes may only be introduced into the reservoir across an air gap of at least twice the diameter of the pipe, not less than six inches above the overflow level, three inches above the overflow rim of a float-controlled make-up water feed tank, or by a backflow prevention device meeting American Water Works Association standards.
(Ord. 1990-81 § 7, 1990: Ord. 1984-42 (part), 1984: prior code § 23.60.010(P))
8.32.170   Disinfection.
   A.   Disinfecting Agents. Effective water disinfection shall be provided and maintained in all pools. This shall be accomplished by chlorination or other approved methods which will effectively maintain in the pool water an adequate, readily measurable residual amount of the disinfectant introduced into the water. The use of chlorinated cyanurate for disinfection and stabilization is permitted but chlorine-ammonia disinfection is not permitted. The addition of undissolved or gaseous disinfectant directly into the pool is prohibited.
   B.   Gaseous Disinfectants. When gaseous chlorine is used, the following additional features shall be provided: in addition to the requirements of subsection A of this section, the use of gaseous chlorine is subject to all of the requirements set forth in Appendix D of the ordinance codified in this section, on file and available for public inspection with the county health department, and the following:
      1.   The chlorine and chlorinating equipment shall be located in a separate well-ventilated enclosure on or above the ground. The door of the chlorine enclosure shall open to the outside and shall not open directly toward the pool. If chlorination equipment is placed in a room, an exhaust fan or gravity ventilation system shall be provided. Mechanical exhausters shall take suction six inches or less above the floor and discharge to a safe outside location. Gravity ventilation shall be constructed so as to discharge to the outside from floor level. Fresh air intakes shall be located no closer than three feet above the ventilation discharge. In all cases, the chlorine room exhausts shall be directed away from the pool to an area which is normally unoccupied. Chlorine room fans must run continuously and be capable of completely changing the air in the room ten times per hour.
      2.   Chlorine cylinders shall be securely anchored to prevent their falling. Keys shall be maintained on the chlorine cylinder so the supply can be shut off quickly in the case of an emergency.
      3.   A sign must be placed on the outside of the door which reads "DANGER, CHLORINE ROOM."
      4.   The device shall be a solution-feed type, capable of delivering chlorine at its maximum rate without releasing chlorine gas to the atmosphere.
      5.   The chlorinators shall be designed to prevent the backflow of water into the chlorine solution container.
   C.   Liquid Disinfectants. Hypochlorite solutions shall be fed by an acceptable type of hypochlorinator.
   D.   Dry Disinfections. Granular, tablet, stick and other forms of dry disinfectant shall be fed by an adjustable automatic feeding device.
(Ord. 1990-81 § 8, 1990: Ord. 1984-42 (part), 1984: prior code § 23.60.010(Q))
8.32.180   Bathhouse and dressing facilities.
   For all swimming pools:
   A.   The general layout of bathhouses shall be such that bathers leaving the dressing room pass the toilets and showers, in sequence, before entering the pool.
   B.   Separate dressing rooms shall be provided for each sex and equipped with baskets or other checking facilities adequate for the maximum number of people to be accommodated.
   C.   All entrances to and exits from the dressing rooms shall be effectively screened to interrupt the line of sight of persons outside the dressing rooms.
   D.   Walls and partitions of dressing rooms, locker rooms, toilets and showers shall be light-colored, smooth, nonabsorbent and easily cleanable. Concrete or pumice blocks used for interior wall construction in these locations shall be finished and sealed to provide an easily cleanable surface.
   E.   Floors shall be of nonslip construction, free of open cracks and sloped to adequate drains so that the surface will be free of standing water and puddles.
   F.   All furniture shall be of simple character and easily cleanable. Locker compartments, partitions, furniture, and other appurtenances to dressing rooms shall be so installed or raised above the floor to permit thorough cleaning and flushing down of the dressing rooms and bathhouse interior.
   G.   Hose bibbs shall be provided for flushing down the dressing rooms and bathhouse interior.
   H.   Dressing rooms, toilets and showers shall be provided with adequate lighting and ventilation.
   I.   Toilet facilities shall be provided for each sex in accordance with the following table:
      MEN
      One toilet for each one hundred bathers or fraction thereof.
      One urinal for each one hundred bathers or fraction thereof.
      WOMEN
      One toilet for each fifty bathers or fraction thereof, but in no case shall less than two toilets be provided.
   J.   Shower and handwashing facilities with hot and cold or tempered water shall be provided for each sex in accordance with the following table. Tempered water only shall be provided at all shower heads. The water heater and thermostatic mixing valve shall be inaccessible to bathers and shall be capable of providing two gpm of ninety-degrees-Fahrenheit water to each head.
      MEN OR WOMEN
      One shower for each fifty bathers or fraction thereof.
      One lavatory with mirror for each one hundred bathers or fraction thereof.
   K.   A supply of toilet paper shall be provided at all times.
(Ord. 1990-81 § 9, 1990: Ord. 1984-42 (part), 1984: prior code § 23.60.010(R))
8.32.190   Public swimming pools.
   In addition to complying with the regulations in this chapter, public swimming pools shall comply with the following regulations:
   A.   Design Standards and Specifications.
      1.   Public pools shall be constructed of concrete, or other material impervious to water which is equivalent in strength and durability, with a smooth surface and designed and built to withstand anticipated stresses. A white or light-colored waterproof interior finish, which will withstand repeated brushing, scrubbing and cleaning, shall be used. Pool linings not totally bonded to the pool sides and bottom, such as plastic films and similar linings and finishes, are prohibited.
      2.   No projections from the pool wall and floor surfaces shall be allowed except for ladders, seats and steps. Seats and steps maybe constructed only in the shallow end of the pool. The seat, bench and step edges shall be outlined with a sharply contrasting colored tile or other suitable material which is clearly visible from the edge of the pool adjacent to the steps.
      3.   Water depth shall be conspicuously and permanently marked at or above the water surface on the vertical swimming pool wall, and on the top of coping or edge of the deck or walk next to the swimming pool. Markings are required at one-foot depth intervals to a depth of five feet, and at the deepest point. Thereafter, markings shall be located in accordance with the design of the pool for maximum protection of bathers. Such markings shall be spaced at no more than twenty-five-foot intervals and shall be arranged to be uniformly located on both sides of the pool, as well as both ends. In the case of irregular shaped pools, such markings shall designate at all major deviations in shape as well as conforming to the foregoing where possible. Depth markers shall be in numerals of four-inch minimum height and of a uniform color on a background of contrasting uniform color. Markings on the deck shall be within eighteen inches of the water edge and positioned to be read while standing on the deck facing the water. Deck markings shall be slip-resistant. In pools utilized for competitive swimming and training, approach warning markings must be installed under the water level on opposite walls at the end of each swimming lane in the pool. Warning markings must be of uniform color and size on a background of contrasting uniform color. In addition, they must be clearly visible in or out of the water at all times from a distance of not less than ten feet.
      4.   Floor Slope. No change of slope shall occur in depths less than five feet, and the slope shall not exceed one foot in ten feet.
   B.   Overflow Collection System. An effective overflow collection system consisting of automatic surface skimmers or other satisfactory overflow gutters shall be installed in all public pools.
      1.   The overflow system shall be designed and constructed so that the level of the pool is maintained at the midpoint operating range of the skimmers.
      2.   Overflow gutters, where used, shall be installed continuously around pools with the lip of the gutter level throughout its perimeter. They shall be provided with sufficient opening at the top and width at the bottom to permit easy cleaning. The gutter bottom shall be pitched one-quarter-inch per foot to drainage outlets located not more than ten feet apart. The main drain shall be sized to circulate one hundred percent of the capacity of the circulating system and be properly covered by a drain gate. The surge tank-hall be equipped with float controls regulating the main drain, fill line and overflow.
      3.   Skimming devices, where used, shall be recessed into the pool wall and shall be installed to achieve effective skimming action throughout the pool. Skimmers shall be provided on a basis of at least one skimmer for each five hundred square feet of surface area. The overflow slot shall be set level and shall not be less than eight inches in width at the narrowest section. The rate of flow through the skimmer shall be a minimum of seventy-five percent of the recirculation system capacity. Skimmers shall be designed to carry at least thirty gallons per minute per lineal foot of weir throat. A minimum of two skimmers are required in swimming pools. They must be on a closed-loop piping system. Main drain piping shall be designed to carry a minimum of fifty percent of the design flow.
   C.   Ladders and Steps. At least one ladder shall be provided in the deep section of swimming pools. Where the deep section is greater than twenty feet in width, two ladders located on opposite sides of the deep section are required. There shall be at least one ladder or stair for each seventy-five feet of perimeter. Preformed step holes and suitable handrails may be substituted for ladders. At least one set of steps shall be provided in the shallow end of each swimming pool. Steps must be permanently marked so as to be clearly visible from above or below the pool surface and shall not project into the pool in a manner which will create a hazard. Handrails shall be provided at one side or in the center of all stairways.
   D.   Lighting. The pool and deck areas shall be well-lighted by natural or artificial means when in use. Electric wires shall not extend across a pool. Underwater pool lighting shall be designed, installed, grounded and maintained so as to not be dangerous to bathers and to provide adequate underwater Illumination. Lighting shall be designed and installed in accordance with the provisions of the edition of the National Electrical Code referred to in subsection D4 of Section 8.04.150.
   E.   Hose Bibbs. Hose bibbs shall be provided along the perimeter of the deck so that all parts of the deck may be reached. Hose bibbs shall be protected against back siphonage.
   F.   Diving Facilities. Diving facilities shall be rigidly constructed and properly anchored with sufficient bracing to insure stability. Handrails shall be provided at all steps and ladders leading to diving boards one meter or more above the water. Diving facilities shall be finished with a durable nonslip material maintained free of tears, splinters or cracks. Dimensions for diving facilities shall conform to those in Appendix A of the ordinance codified in this chapter, on file and available for public inspection with the county health department.
   G.   Lifeguards.
      1.   A minimum of two guards shall be required to open and operate a pool, an additional lifeguard is required for each additional, separate pool such as a diving or wading pool at each facility. In addition to said minimum number of lifeguards, there shall be one extra lifeguard for every twenty-five swimmers or portion thereof in excess of fifty swimmers at each facility.
   Example: four lifeguards for ninety swimmers at a facility with one pool. There shall be staffing of lifeguards according to the distribution of swimmers in the pool so as to provide all areas of the pool with adequate lifeguard coverage.
      2.   Lifeguards shall be in constant attendance during swimming hours and no swimmers shall be permitted in a pool area unless lifeguards are present.
      3.   Lifeguards shall:
         a.   Be expert swimmers and be competent in current lifesaving techniques;
         b.   Be trained in administration of C.P.R., and other first aid measures;
         c.   Have satisfactorily completed a course in lifeguard training, as offered by the American Red Cross. The valid and current certificate of completion of the course of instruction shall be at the swimming pool when the swimming pool is open for use;
         d.   Be suitably dressed to enter the water and act in an emergency;
         e.   Not engage in activities which would distract his/her attention from proper supervision of persons using the swimming pool or prevent immediate attention to a person in distress in the water;
         f.   Have the authority and responsibility to enforce rules pertaining to safety and sanitation.
   H.   Lifeguard Chairs. Each public pool shall have at least one elevated lifeguard chair for each two thousand square feet of pool surface area or one hundred fifty bathers. The chair must be located close to the deeper portion of the pool and provide a clear, unobstructed view of the pool bottom.
   I.   Safety Equipment. Safety equipment, consisting of at least one ring buoy, with a length of one-quarter-inch rope attached to reach at least across the pool and one rescue tube for each lifeguard chair and one shepherd's crook mounted on a rigid sixteen-foot pole, shall be provided at each public pool. Safety equipment shall be located and maintained ready for immediate use at all times.
   J.   Drinking Water Supply. Drinking water from an approved source and dispensed through one or more approved sanitary drinking fountains shall be located on the deck of public pools.
   K.   Fencing.
      1.   All public pools and walkways adjacent to such pool shall be enclosed by a durable fence or wall at least six feet high.
      2.   The only access to the pool by bathers shall be through the bathhouse or dressing room facilities.
      3.   The mechanical filtering, disinfection and recirculating equipment must be protected from tampering by a suitable enclosure or fence at least six feet high.
   L.   Lifeline. A lifeline shall be installed across each public swimming pool at the point where the floor slope begins to exceed one foot in ten feet whenever the pool is open for use by the general public. The lifeline shall be three-fourths-inch minimum diameter and supported by floats.
   M.   Wastewater Disposal. All sewage from plumbing fixtures, including urinals, toilets, lavatories, showers, drinking fountains, floor drains, and other sanitary facilities shall be disposed of in a sanitary manner. The backwash from filters and wasted pool water must be disposed of in a manner consistent with all codes but in no event shall it cause a nuisance. There shall be no direct physical connections between the sewer system and any drain from the pool or recirculation system.
   N.   Miscellaneous. Walkways shall be provided adjacent to the pool and shall:
      1.   Be at least ten feet wide, except that where diving boards and platforms are installed, the walkway shall extend at least five feet to each side and behind the board or platform but not less than fifteen feet from the pool wall;
      2.   Slope away from the pool with a pitch of at least one-quarter-inch per foot to properly located deck drains or other approved points of disposal;
      3.   Be constructed of concrete or other material, as approved by the department, with a nonslip finish, free of sharp or jagged edges or surfaces;
      4.   Be designed to conform to the dimensions shown in Appendix A of the ordinance codified in this chapter, on file and available for public inspection with the county health department.
   O.   Freeboard may not exceed eight inches.
   P.   Concessions. No drinks, candy, tobacco, popcorn, gum, or food of any kind shall be permitted adjacent to the pool or within the pool enclosure.
(Ord. 1990-81 § 10, 1990: Ord. 1984-42 (part), 1984: prior code § 23.60.020)
8.32.200   Semipublic swimming pools.
   In addition to complying with the regulations in Sections 832.010 through 8.32.180 and subsections A through F of Section 8.32.190, semipublic swimming pools shall comply with the following regulations:
   A.   Safety Equipment Safety equipment consisting of at least one ring buoy with a length of one-quarter-inch rope attached to reach across the pool and one shepherd's crook mounted on a rigid sixteen-foot pole shall be located and maintained ready for immediate use at each pool.
   B.   Fencing.
      1.   All swimming pools shall be protected by a fence, wall, or other approved barrier from all parts of the premises not directly related to the swimming pool. Fences, walls or artificial barriers shall be:
         a.   Of five-foot minimum height;
         b.   Equipped with a self-closing and positive self-latching closure mechanism at a minimum height of four and one-half feet.
      2.   The mechanical filtering, disinfection and recirculating equipment must be protected from tampering by a suitable enclosure or fence, at least five feet high.
   C.   Walkways.
      1.   Walkways shall be provided immediately adjacent to semipublic pools and shall be at least four feet wide, except that where diving boards and platforms are installed, the walkway shall extend at least four feet to each side and behind the board or platform.
      2.   Walkways shall slope away from the pool with a pitch of at least one-quarter-inch per foot to properly located deck drains or other approved points of disposal.
      3.   Walkways shall be constructed of concrete or other material as approved by the department, with a nonslip finish, free of sharp or jagged edges or surfaces.
      4.   Design of walkways shall conform to the dimensions shown in Appendix A of the ordinance codified in this chapter, on file and available for public inspection with the county health department.
   D.   Floor Slope. In water less than five feet in depth, the slope shall not exceed one foot in ten feet.
   E.   Bathhouses and Dressing Room Facilities. Omission of part or all of the poolside shower and toilet facilities may be approved for a pool at a hotel, motel, apartment complex, condominium, mobile home park or the like when other facilities are available near the pool.
   F.   Depth. The depth in the shallow portion of the pool shall have a minimum depth of water in the shallow end of the main swimming area of between three feet and three feet six inches with three feet six inches recommended for racing lanes. Exceptions may be made in a recessed area of the main swimming pool, outside of the competitive swimming course, when the pool is of irregular shape. Pools intended for competitive diving and swimming shall be designed and constructed so as to provide the water depths specified by the appropriate activity (FINA, AAU, NCAA, N.F., etc.).
(Ord. 1990-81 § 11, 1990: Ord. 1984-42 (part), 1984: prior code § 23.60.030)
8.32.210   Wading pools.
   In addition to complying with the regulations in Sections 8.32.010 through 8.32.200, wading pools shall comply with the following regulations:
   A.   Separation—Public. In public bathing places, wading pools shall be separated from swimming pools by a minimum four-foot-high fence or partition with a self-closing, self-latching gate to prevent the direct entrance of waders into the swimming pool area.
   B.   Separation—Semipublic. Wading pools shall be separated from semipublic swimming pools by a minimum four-foot-high fence or partition with a self-closing, self-latching gate to prevent the direct entrance of waders into the swimming pool areas.
   C.   Depth. Wading pools shall have a maximum water depth of twenty inches, the slope of the bottom shall not exceed one foot in twelve feet, and a nonslip surface shall be provided.
   D.   Circulation. Wading pools shall have a minimum turnover cycle of two hours. All wading pools must have separate equipment for water recirculation and disinfection and there shall be no cross-connection between a wading pool and any other pool. A main drain waste outlet shall be provided at the deepest point in a wading pool. Skimmers shall be provided on the basis of at least one skimmer for each two hundred square feet of wading pool surface area. Skimmer flow rates shall be the same as required for swimming pools. Where only one skimmer is provided, the main drain shall be connected through the skimmer. Inlets shall be provided on a basis of at least one for each fifteen feet of periphery and they shall be on a closed loop piping system. Gaseous chlorine shall not be used for disinfection of wading pool water.
   E.   Drinking Fountains. A sanitary drinking fountain at a height convenient to small children shall be provided at one side or end of the area. Alternately, a fountain with a raised step to enable small children to drink without assistance may be provided.
   F.   Drains. All drains and outlets of wading pools must have plumbing provisions so as to relieve any possibility of entrapping suction. The total velocity through grate openings shall not exceed two feet per second.
(Ord. 1990-81 § 12, 1990: Ord. 1984-42 (part), 1984: prior code § 23.60.040)
8.32.220   Hydrotherapy pools, hot tubs and spa pools.
   In addition to complying with the applicable regulations in Sections 8.32.010 through 8.32.200, hydrotherapy swimming pools shall comply with the following regulations:
   A.   Depth. Hydrotherapy pools shall have a maximum depth of forty-two inches. The bottom shall have a maximum slope of one foot in ten feet and be finished with a nonslip surface. A set of entrance steps and handrails shall be installed. The step riser height shall not be less than seven inches nor greater than twelve inches. Where the bottom tread serves as a bench or seat, the bottom riser may be a maximum of fourteen inches above the spa floor. All steps, benches or other projections from the walls shall be outlined on the top surface edges by a continuous line of contrasting colored tile or other suitable material that is clearly visible from the edge of the pool.
   B.   Circulation. Hydrotherapy pools shall have a minimum turnover cycle of thirty minutes. A separate water recirculation and disinfection system shall be installed for hydrotherapy pools. Therapy heads or other devices which create roiling water or other similar effects may not be connected to the recirculation system but must be operated through a separate system. A waste outlet main drain shall be provided. Skimmers shall be provided at the rate of one skimmer for each two hundred square feet of pool surface. Skimmer flow rates shall be the same as required for swimming pools. Where only one skimmer is provided, the main drain shall be connected through the skimmer. Inlets shall be provided on a basis of at least one for each fifteen feet of pool periphery and shall be on a closed-loop piping system.
   C.   Lighting. All hydrotherapy pools, hot tubs and spa pools shall be constructed with underwater pool lighting to provide adequate underwater pool illumination.
   D.   Temperature. The maximum temperature of a hydrotherapy pool, hot tub or spa pool shall not exceed one hundred four (104) degrees Fahrenheit (forty (40) degrees Celsius). A thermostatic control for the water temperature is required on the pool heater.
   E.   Miscellaneous. Hydrotherapy pools, hot tubs, and spa pools shall be separated from the main swimming pool by a minimum of four feet of walkway unless located contiguous with the swimming pool. Where a hydrotherapy pool is located contiguous with a swimming pool, the separating wall shall be designed to preclude its use as a walkway.
   F.   Walkways. A minimum of four feet of deck shall be provided on at least two contiguous sides of the pool and fifty percent of the periphery.
   G.   Drains. All drains and outlets of hydrotherapy pools must have plumbing provisions so as to relieve any possibility of entrapping suction. The total velocity through grate openings shall not exceed two feet per second.
   H.   Disinfection. Gaseous chlorine shall not be used for the disinfection of hydrotherapy pools.
   I.   A fifteen minute timer shall be installed to operate the therapy system. The timer shall be located at least eight feet from the edge of the pool.
(Ord. 1990-81 § 13, 1990: Ord. 1984-42 (part), 1984: prior code § 23.60.050)
8.32.230   Special-use pools.
   A.   Supplemental Standards and Requirements. Persons intending to construct a special-use pool shall notify the department and provide plans, specifications and a description of the intended use. The department will determine which of the regulations in this chapter apply to the proposed special-use pool. The department may, at its discretion, establish additional standards or requirements for special-use pools, taking into consideration the intended use of the pool, the conditions under which it will be operated and any special circumstances.
   B.   Walkways. A minimum of four feet of deck shall be provided on at least two contiguous sides of the pool and fifty percent of the periphery.
   C.   Exercise or Training Bars.
      1.   A pool designed with exercise or training bars in the pool shall be restricted to special use when the bars are located in the pool.
      2.   Bars shall be constructed of durable material and be reasonably resistant to corrosion under conditions of operation.
      3.   Bars shall be sealed, welded shut or capped at both ends to prevent retention of water within the bar.
      4.   Bars may be removable. The bars shall then be wedge anchored in place with a cover plate provided. Water-tight anchor plugs shall be provided when the bars have been removed. For purposes of this subsection, an anchor plug shall be considered water-tight if it achieves an efficiency of ninety-five (95) percent.
      5.   Bars shall not extend more than four inches from the side of the pool into the water. The minimum clear opening from the inside of the bar to the side of the pool shall not be less than two inches.
   D.   Ramps.
      1.   Where a ramp is to be installed in a swimming pool, the ramp shall be constructed:
         a.   Of non-slip material;
         b.   With a slope not exceeding one foot in eight;
         c.   With a width of at least three feet;
         d.   With a level platform at the top and bottom of the ramp;
         e.   With at least a three-and-one-half-foot-high guard rail installed on the deck and extending the length of the ramp;
         f.   With returns to be located on the pool and ramp walls along the length of the ramp;
         g.   With a continuous line of color-contrasting tile or similar materials along both edges of the ramp which is visible from the pool as well as on the ramp.
(Ord. 1990-81 § 14, 1990: Ord. 1984-42 (part), 1984: prior code § 23.60.060)
8.32.240   Swimming pool service technicians and operators.
   A.   Certification of Swimming Pool Service Technicians.
      1.   Any person who commercially engages in the business of testing and treating swimming pool water, cleaning pool filters and maintaining and/or repairing pool equipment and appurtenances or any combination of such services at public or semipublic swimming pools shall make application with the health officer for certification.
      2.   Each application for technician's certification shall be accompanied by a nonrefundable fee in an amount prescribed by Section 8.04.130. The certificate will expire three years from the date of issue, and may be renewed for a successive three-year period by payment of the fee and passing the examination.
      3.   Any person who commercially engages in the business of treating swimming pool water, maintaining swimming pool motors, pumps, filters, chlorinators or otherwise servicing any public, or semipublic or private swimming pool shall prove by examination to the satisfaction of the health officer that he/she is competent to do so in a safe, sanitary and healthful manner and has received a certificate of competency from the health officer prior to commencing such work. A score of seventy-five percent or more will be considered passing.
      4.   The examination shall be designed to test the applicant's knowledge of the safe handling of chemicals used in swimming pool water and their effect; testing procedures for pH, chlorine, bromine; pool operation and cleaning methods; a general knowledge of filters, flow rates, pumps, motors, heaters, chemical feeders and pool codes. The applicant shall prove by an examination, approved by the department, that he/she is competent to service the pool in a safe, sanitary and healthful manner. A score of seventy-five percent or more will be considered passing.
      5.   Should a technician be unable to provide pool services at a public or semipublic pool, because of defective pool equipment or appurtenances which are the responsibility of the pool owner, the technician shall promptly deliver to the owner a written notice which describes any such defect and explains in detail what repair or replacement is necessary in order to provide for adequate servicing of the pool.
      6.   The health officer may suspend or revoke any certificate for violation of these regulations, and shall notify all persons affected by the action taken, and the reasons therefor, in writing, by certified mall. Appeals shall follow the procedures set forth in Section 8.04.140 of this code.
   B.   Certification of Swimming Pool Operators.
      1.   Any person who engages in the operation of any public or semipublic swimming pool shall obtain an operator's certificate issued by the health officer.
         a.   An operator is a person who, for remuneration or voluntarily, performs the duties of dally testing pool water, adds chlorine as necessary, cleans the pool and performs any other duties associated with the operation of a swimming pool. The operator shall be responsible for operating the pool in a safe and healthful manner.
         b.   Each public pool, while in operation, must have a certified operator on duty.
         c.   The owner(s) of each semipublic pool must designate a certified operator, who will be on duty or on call while the pool is in operation.
         d.   Public Display. The swimming pool operator's certificate, or a copy, must be available at all times for inspection by the health officer and posted for public view within the pool area.
      2.   Each application for operator's certification shall be accompanied by a nonrefundable fee in an amount prescribed by Section 8.04.130. The certificate will expire three years from the date of issue. Upon examination, the pool operator's certificate may be renewed for a successive three-year period by payment of the fee and passing the exam.
      3.   Any person who operates a public or semipublic swimming pool shall prove by examination that he/she is competent to operate a pool in a safe, sanitary, and healthful manner. A grade of seventy-five percent will be considered passing.
      4.   A person failing to pass the certification exam will be required to attend a pool certification training class offered by the health officer and pass a subsequent exam prior to certification If an applicant passes the certification exam, the class may be taken at the applicant's option.
      5.   Exemptions. Any person who owns a semipublic pool and is the operator of the pool as defined in paragraph 1 subdivision a of this subsection are exempt from the requirements of this subsection.
(Ord. 1992-7 § 4, 1992: Ord. 1990-81 § 15, 1990: Ord. 1990-40 § 5, 1990; Ord. 1987-14, 1987: Ord. 1984-42 (part), 1984: prior code § 23.60.070)
8.32.250   Natural and semiartificial bathing places.
   A.   Water Quality.
      1.   Approval of natural and semiartificial bathing places will be based upon the results of examination of bacteriological, chemical and physical quality of the water in the proposed bathing area.
      2.   The water shall be considered acceptable for bathing purposes, from a bacterial standpoint, when the average MPN of coliform organisms of a representative number of samples is not greater than one thousand per milliliter.
      3.   A bathing place shall be located so that it will not be adversely affected by the discharge of sewage or objectionable industrial wastes; nor shall it be so located that by its use it will affect the source of supply of a public supply system.
   B.   Bathhouse. The provisions of Section 8.32.180 shall apply to all natural and semiartificial bathing places, except that hot water for showers and lavatories may not be required.
(Ord. 1984-42 (part), 1984: prior code § 23.60.080)
8.32.260   Inspection.
   The department will periodically inspect each bathing place to determine if the installed facilities and operational procedures comply with these regulations. If the department finds that an extreme safety or health hazard exists, it may order the immediate suspension of the operation of the establishment Such suspension shall continue until, in the opinion of the department, the hazard has ceased to exist.
(Ord. 1984-42 (part), 1984: prior code § 23.60.090(A))
8.32.270   Closing of bathing places—Reasons.
   The department may suspend operation for repeated or continued violations of any of the department's rules and regulations, or until correction, for any of the following reasons:
   A.   Failure of the swimming pool equipment, structure, area or enclosure such as to jeopardize the health or safety of the persons using or operating it;
   B.   Lack of properly functioning equipment or proper material for recirculating, treating or testing the swimming pool water;
   C.   Lack of required lifeguards;
   D.   Presence of a pollutant or of a hazardous object or substance in the swimming pool;
   E.   Failure to meet a water quality standard;
   F.   Failure to possess a valid department permit to operate a bathing place.
(Ord. 1984-42 (part), 1984: prior code § 23.60.090(B))
8.32.280   Violation—Penalty.
   Any person violating any rules adopted in this chapter shall be subject to the penalties prescribed in Section 8.04.160 of this code.
(Ord. 1984-42 (part), 1984: prior code § 23.60.090(C))
8.32.290   Compliance required.
   A.   All bathing places constructed or substantially modified after the effective date of Ordinance 1990-81* shall comply with all operational requirements codified in this chapter by it and prior ordinances.
* Editor's note—Ord. 1990-81 was adopted July 3, 1990, to be effective 31 days thereafter.
   B.   All bathing places regardless of the date of their construction shall comply with all operational requirements codified in this chapter by Ordinance 1990-81 or prior ordinances.
(Ord. 1990-81 § 17, 1990)