• Section 4.06  Purposes and Uses within Zoning Districts.
   (a)   R-1, One-Family Residential District.
      (1)   Purpose.  R-1, One-Family Residential Districts are designed to provide for one-familydwelling sites and residentially related uses in keeping with the density character of the City.  The preservation of the natural terrain and the standards under which the community has had its development take place are reflected in the controls set forth in this Article. 
      (2)   Permitted Uses.
         A.   One-familydetacheddwellings
         B.   Publicly owned and operated libraries, parks, parkways and recreational facilities; 
         C.   Homeoccupations subject to requirements set forth in Section 5.09; and
         D.   Accessorybuildings and uses customarily incidental to any of the uses permitted in this subsection, and subject to the applicable requirements of Section 5.02.
      (3)   Special Land Uses.
         A.   Public, parochial and private elementary, intermediate and/or high schools subject to the requirements of Section 6.07;
         B.   Municipal office buildings, subject to the requirements of Section 6.08
         C.   Churches and other facilities normally incidental thereto, subject to the requirements of Section 6.09;
         D.   Utilities and public service buildings and uses (without storage yards), subject to the requirements of Section 6.10
         E.   Golf courses, country Clubs, recreational centers, and swim Clubs, subject to the requirements of Section 6.11;
         F.   Cemeteries, subject to the requirements of Section 6.13
         G.   Spouseabuse/domesticviolenceshelters;
         H.   Bedandbreakfast accommodations, subject to the requirements of Section 6.14;
         I.   Childday-carefacilities, when located within a church or school, subject to the requirements of Section 6.02; and
         J.   Domestic units with 3 or more residents in accordance with Section 5.14.
         K.   Special accommodation uses in accordance with Section 6.29.
   (b)   R-2, One-Family Residential District.
      (1)   Purpose.  R-2, One-Family Residential Districts are designed to provide for one-familydwelling sites and residentially related uses at a lower density than the R-1 District.  The preservation of the natural terrain and the standards under which the community has had its development take place are reflected in the controls set forth in this Article.
      (2)   Permitted Uses.
         A.   One-familydetacheddwellings;
         B.   Publicly owned and operated libraries, parks, parkways and recreational facilities; 
         C.   Homeoccupations , subject to the requirements of Section 5.09; and
         D.   Accessorybuildings and uses customarily incidental to any of the uses permitted in this subsection, and subject to the applicable requirements of Section 5.02.
      (3)   Special Land Uses.
         A.   Public, parochial and private elementary, intermediate and high schools, subject to the requirements of Section 6.07;
         B.   Municipal office buildings, subject to the requirements of Section 6.08;
         C.   Churches and other facilities normally incidental thereto, subject to the requirements of Section 6.09;
         D.   Utilities and public service buildings and uses (without storage yards), subject to the requirements of Section 6.10;
         E.   Golf courses, country clubs, private recreational centers and swim clubs, subject to the requirements of Section 6.11;
         F.   Cemeteries, subject to the requirements of Section 6.13
         G.   Spouseabuse/domesticviolenceshelters;
         H.   Bedandbreakfast accommodations, subject to the requirements of Section 6.14; and
         I.   Childday-carefacilities, when located within a church or school, subject to the requirements of Section 6.02.
         J.   Special accommodation uses in accordance with Section 6.29.
   (c)   R-T, Two-Family Residential District.
      (1)   Purpose.  R-T, Two-Family Residential Districts are designed to provide sites for two-familystructures.  Such sites may be provided where streets and facilities are able to support the increased density and as zones of transition between nonresidential districts and one-family residential districts.
      (2)   Permitted Uses.
         A.   All uses permitted and as regulated in R-1 One-Family Residential Districts.  Standards in Section 4.06(a) applicable to the R-1 District shall apply as minimum standards when one-familydetacheddwellings are erected
         B.   Two-familydwellings; and 
         C.   Accessorybuildings and uses customarily incidental to any of the uses permitted in this subsection, and subject to the applicable requirements of Section 5.02.
      (3)   Special Land Uses.
         A.   Bedandbreakfast accommodations, subject to the requirements of Section 6.14;
         B.   Childday-carefacilities, when located within a church or school, subject to the requirements of Section 6.02; and
         C.   Fosterfamilygrouphomes and adultfostercarefacilities subject to the requirements of Section 6.04.
         D.   Transitional housing facility in accordance with Section 6.27.
         E.   Special accommodation uses in accordance with Section 6.29.
   (d)   R-M,  Multiple Family Residential District.
      (1)   Purpose.  R-M, MultipleFamily Residential Districts are designed to provide sites for multiple family dwelling structures which will generally serve as zones of transition between nonresidential districts and lower density One-FamilyDistricts.  The multiplefamilydwelling is further provided to serve the limited need for an apartment-type unit in an otherwise one-family residential community.
      (2)   Permitted Uses.
         A.   All uses permitted and as regulated in an R-T, Two-Family Residential District
         B.   Multiplefamilydwellings;
         C.   Spouseabuse/domesticviolenceshelters; and
         D.   Accessorybuildings and uses customarily incidental to any of the uses permitted in this subsection, and subject to the applicable requirements of Section 5.02.
      (3)   Special Land Uses.
         A.   Child and adultday-carefacilities, subject to the requirements of Section 6.02;
         B.   Housing for the elderly, Nursing homes, and convalescent centers, subject to the requirements of6.03;
         C.   Funeral homes or mortuaries, provided that such use have direct access to an existing or proposed major thoroughfare or collectorstreet;
         D.   Bedandbreakfast accommodations, subject to the requirements of Section 6.14;
         E.   Foster family group homes and adult foster care facilities subject to the requirements of Section 6.04;
         F.   Domestic units with 3 or more residents in accordance with Section 5.14;
         G.   Transitional housing facility, subject to the requirements of Section 6.27; and
         H.   Special accommodation uses in accordance with Section 6.29.
   (e)   MHP, Mobile Home Park.
      (1)   Purpose.  This intent of this district is to provide for mobilehome residential development in areas where the natural conditions and features, public services, and infrastructure are capable of supporting such development areas zoned MHP shall be located in areas that are compatible with the character and density of adjacent uses.
      (2)   Permitted Uses.
         A.   Mobile home parks, subject to the requirements of Section 6.24
         B.   Parks and playgrounds; and 
         C.   Accessory buildings and uses customarily incidental to any of the uses permitted in this subsection, and subject to the applicable requirements of Sections 5.02.
   (f)   O-1, Office District.
      (1)   Purpose. O-1, Office Districts are designed to accommodate uses, such as offices, banks and funeral homes, which can serve as transitional areas between commercial and residential districts and provide transitions between major thoroughfares and residential districts.  O-1 Districts will provide greater protection to existing one-family homes located in areas that are becoming less desirable for one-family residential use.
      (2)   Permitted Uses.
         A.   Offices for any of the following kinds of occupations: executive, administrative and professional, including legal, real estate and insurance;
         B.   Professional offices of doctors, dentists, chiropractors, osteopaths and similar or allied professionals; 
         C.   Banks, including drive-in facilities; 
         D.   Libraries, post offices, governmental office buildings and publicutility offices, not including storage yards, transformer stations, exchanges or substations;
         E.   Funeral homes or mortuaries provided such use has direct access to an existing or proposed thoroughfare or collectorstreet
         F.   Churches and other incidental facilities, subject to the requirements of Section 6.09
         G.   Clinics
         H.   Off-street parking lots
         I.   Spouse abuse/domestic violence shelters;
         J.   Publicly owned and operated parks and recreational facilities;
         K.   Other uses similar to the uses permitted in this section; and
         L.   Accessorybuildings and uses customarily incidental to any of the uses permitted in this subsection, and subject to the applicable requirements of Section 5.02.
      (3)   Special Land Uses.
         A.   Professional pharmacies, located within an office building;
         B.   One-family attached dwellings, located within a building containing another permitted use or as a stand alone use, and subject to the requirements of Section 5.16;
         C.   Child and adult day-care facilities, subject to the requirements of Section 6.02;
         D.   Generalhospitals, subject to the requirements of Section 6.15;
         E.   Public and private colleges, universities and other such institutions of higher learning, subject to the requirements of Section 6.12; and
         F.   Private clubs, lodges and reception halls, subject to the requirements of Section 6.26
      (4)   Conditions of Use.
         A.   No interior displays shall be visible from the exterior of the building;
         B.   The outdoor storage of goods or materials in such a district is prohibited, irrespective of whether or not such goods or materials are for sale; and
         C.   Warehousing or indoor storage of goods or materials, beyond that normally incidental to the uses permitted in this subsection, is prohibited in such a district.
   (g)   CBD, Central Business District.
      (1)   Purpose.  CBD, Central Business Districts are designed to provide for office buildings and the great variety of large retail stores and related activities which occupy the prime retail frontage, by serving the comparison, convenience and service needs of the entire Municipal area as well as a substantial area of the adjacent and surrounding residential developments beyond the limits of the City.  The regulations of such Districts are designed to promote convenient pedestrian shopping and the stability of retail development by encouraging a continuous retail frontage and by prohibiting automotive-related services and non-retail uses which tend to break up such continuity.
      (2)   Permitted Uses.
         A.   All permitted uses in the O-1, Office District;
         B.   Generally recognized retail businesses which supply commodities on the premises within completely enclosed buildings, such commodities including, but not limited to, foods, drugs, liquor, furniture, clothing, dry goods, notions or hardware;
         C.   Personal service establishments which perform services on the premises within completely enclosed buildings, such establishment include, but are not limited to, repair shops (watches, radio, television, shoe, etc.), tailor shops, beauty parlors, barber shops, interior decorators, photographers and drycleaners; 
         D.   Restaurants and taverns where the patrons are served while seated within the building occupied by such establishment, such establishment not to extend as an integral part of, or accessory thereto, any service of a drive-in or drive-through facility; 
         E.   Theaters, when completely enclosed; 
         F.   Offices and showrooms of plumbers, electricians, decorators or similar tradesmen, in connection with whom not more than twenty-five (25) percent of the floorarea of the building or part of the building occupied by such establishment is used for making, assembling, remodeling, repairing, altering, finishing or refinishing the products or merchandise of the tradesman, provided that the ground floor premises facing upon, and visible from, an abutting street shall be used only for entrances, offices or display.  All storage of materials of any kind shall be within the confines of the building or part thereof occupied by such establishment; 
         G.   Newspaper offices and printing plants; 
         H.   One-family dwellings located above the first floor within a building containing a permitted use, and subject to the requirements of Section 5.08;
         I.   Sidewalk café service, operated by a restaurant or other food establishment which sells food for immediate consumption, subject to the requirements of Section 6.20;
         J.   Private clubs, lodges and reception halls, subject to the requirements of Section 6.26;
         K.   Seasonal and transient display of products or materials intended for retail sale or rental, subject to the requirements of Section 6.19;
         L.   Outdoor display of products or materials intended for retail sale or rental, subject to the requirements of Section 6.18; and
         M.   Other uses similar to the uses permitted in this section; 
         N.   Accessorybuildings and uses customarily incidental to any of the uses permitted in this subsection, and subject to the applicable requirements of Section 5.02.
      (3)   Special Land Uses.
         A.   Brewpubs, small distillers, and small wine producers meeting all licensing requirements of the State of Michigan.
      (4)   Conditions of Use.
         A.   All business establishments in a CBD, Central Business District shall be retail or service oriented uses which deal directly with the customers;
         B.   When goods are produced on-site, the majority of sales shall be make on premises to retail customers; and
         C.   All business operations in such a district, except off-street parking and loading, shall be conducted in completely enclosed buildings.
   (h)   B-1, Local Business District.
      (1)   Purpose.  B-1, Local Business Districts are designed solely for the convenience shopping of persons residing in adjacent residential areas and to permit only such uses as are necessary to satisfy those limited basic shopping and/or service needs which by their very nature are not related to the shopping pattern of CBD, Central Business Districts.
      (2)   Permitted Uses.
         A.   All uses permitted in the O-1, Office District;
         B.   Generally recognized retail businesses which supply commodities on the premises for persons residing in adjacent residential areas, such commodities include, but are not limited to, groceries, meats, dairy products, baked goods or other foods, drugs, dry goods, clothing, notions and hardware; 
         C.   Personal service establishments which perform services on the premises for persons residing in adjacent residential areas, such establishments include, but are not limited to, repair shops (watches, radio, television, shoe, etc.), tailor shops, beauty parlors and barber shops; 
         D.   One-family detached dwellings, subject to the requirements of Section 5.08;
         E.   Self-service laundry and/or dry cleaning establishments; 
         F.   Seasonal and transient display of products or materials intended for retail sale or rental, subject to the requirements of Section 6.19;
         G.   Outdoor display of products or materials intended for retail sale or rental, subject to the requirements of Section 6.18;
         H.   Other uses similar to uses permitted in this section; and
         I.   Accessory buildings and uses customarily incidental to any of the uses permitted in this subsection, and subject to the applicable requirements of Section 5.02.
      (3)   Special Land Uses.
         A.   Automobile filling stations for the sale of gasoline, oil and minor accessories, subject to the requirements of Section 6.17
         B.   Publicly owned buildings, public utility buildings, telephone exchange buildings, electric transformer stations and substations and gas regulator stations with service yards, but without storage yards;
         C.   One-family attached, residential dwelling units located within a building containing another permitted use or as a stand alone use, and subject to the requirements of Section 5.16;
         D.   Child and adult day-care facilities, subject to the requirements of Section 6.02; and
         E.   Private clubs, lodges and reception halls, subject to the requirements of Section 6.26.
         F.   Brewpubs and small wine producers meeting all licensing requirements of the State of Michigan.
      (4)   Conditions of Use.
         A.   All business establishments in a B-1, Local Business shall be retail or service oriented uses that deal directly with the customers.
         B.   All goods produced on-site shall be sold on the premises to retail customers only; and
         C.   All business operations in such a district, except off-street parking and loading, shall be conducted in completely enclosed buildings.
   (i)   B-2, General Business District.
      (1)   Purpose. B-2, General Business Districts are intended to provide for a variety of commercial and service uses, including more intensive commercial uses not permitted in the O-1, CBD and B-1 Districts.  B-2 Districts are intended to permit commercial establishments that cater to the convenience and comparison shopping needs of City residents.  Because of the variety of business types permitted in B-2 Districts, special attention must be focused on site layout, building design, vehicular circulation and coordination of site features between adjoining sites.
      (2)   Permitted Uses.
         A.   All permitted uses in O-1, Office District and B-1, Local Business Districts as set forth in Sections 4.06(f) and 4.06(h), with the exception of one-family dwellings;
         B.   Generally recognized retail businesses which supply commodities such as groceries, meats, dairy products, baked goods or other foods, drugs, dry goods, clothing, notions, hardware, office supplies, and other business to business sales intended to serve a broader market;
         C.   Public utility transformer stations and substations, telephone exchanges and public utility offices;
         D.   Photographic studios;
         E.   Establishments which perform services on the premises within completely enclosed buildings, which may include, but are not limited to, repair shops, tailors, beauty parlors, barber shops, interior decorators, photographers, printing and photocopying services, and dry cleaners;
      F.   Public and private colleges, universities and other such institutions of higher learning, subject to the requirements of Section 6.13;
      G.   Indoor commercial recreation and entertainment, such as bowling alleys, theaters, health and fitness clubs, skating rinks, billiard parlors and video game arcades;
      H.   Restaurants, including carry-out, sit-down, drive-in and drive-through facilities, and Taverns;
      I.   Outdoor display of products or materials intended for retail sale or rental, subject to the requirements of Section 6.18;
      J.   Seasonal and transient display of products or materials intended for retail sale or rental, subject to the requirements of Section 6.19;
      K.   Other uses similar to the uses permitted in this section;
      L.   Accessory buildings and uses customarily incidental to any of the uses permitted in this subsection, and subject to the applicable requirements of Section 5.02; and
      M.   Outdoor seating areas for restaurants. Decks shall be subject to the requirements of Section 5.02(c).
      (3)   Special Land Uses.
         A.   Establishments of plumbers, heating contractors, decorators, electricians or similar tradesman. Outdoor storage shall be limited to vehicles;
         B.   Automobile filling stations, repair garages, service stations, washes, and dealerships, subject to the requirements of Section 6.17;
         C.   Bus passenger stations;
         D.   Motels and hotels, subject to the requirements of Section 6.16;
         E.   Outdoor recreational space, such as amusement parks, carnivals or miniature golf courses;
         F.   One-family attached, residential dwellingunits located within a building containing another permitted use or as a stand alone use, and subject to the requirements of Section 5.16;
         G.   Child and adult day-care facilities, subject to the requirements of Section 6.02;
         H.   Outdoor sales of automobiles and vehicles, subject to the requirements of Section 6.06;
         I.   Private clubs, lodges and reception halls, subject to the requirements of Section 6.26; and
         J.   Self-storage facilities, subject to the requirements of Section 6.05.
      (4)   Conditions of Use.
         A.   All business establishments in a B-2, General Business District shall be retail or service establishments dealing directly with consumers. When goods are produced on- site, the majority of sales shall be made on the premises to retail customers.
         B.   All operations in a B-2 District shall be conducted in a completely enclosed building, except where outdoor use and storage are specifically permitted by this Article.
         C.   Warehouses and storage facilities shall be permitted when incident to, and physically connected with, a principal permitted use, provided that such a warehouse or storage facility is within the confines of the building or part hereof occupied by such use and does not exceed 25% of the total floor area of the building.
   (j)   MXD, Mixed Use District.
      (1)   Purpose.  The Mixed Use District is intended to implement the Goals and Policies of the Master Plan through the provision of a mixture of residential, office, and low intensity commercial uses.  The specific goals which the MXD, Mixed Use District seeks to implement, include the following:  1) Provide for planned growth which maintains the core of the City while allowing for appropriate growth at and beyond its perimeters; 2) Maintain and encourage a diversity of housing; 3) Control strip commercial development and minimize negative impacts of existing strip development; and, 4) Creating new residential and commercial development opportunities at the City perimeters thereby preventing a "landlocked" City.
This designation is intended to encourage the development of traditional neighborhoods through a coordinated land use pattern of residential, office or local commercial uses.  Upper floor residential above retail or office is also encouraged.  It is further the intent of this District to promote excellence in the use of land and the design of buildings and sites; encourage cross boundary provisions for infrastructure; maintain the existing natural features; ensure compatible land use; and improve the visual image for safe vehicular and pedestrian movement.  Additionally, the District is intended to conform with any conceptual and sub-area plans completed by the City.
      (2)   Permitted Uses.
         A.   One-family and two-family detached/attached dwellings;
         B.   Publicly owned and operated libraries, parks, parkways and recreational facilities;
         C.   Public, parochial and other private elementary schools, subject to the requirements of Section 6.07;
         D.   Accessorybuildings and uses customarily incidental to any of the uses permitted in this subsection, and subject to the applicable requirements of Section 5.02; and
         E.   Home occupations , subject to the requirements of Section 5.09.
      (3)   Special Land Uses.
         A.   Multiple family dwellings or apartment buildings;
         B.   Public, parochial and private intermediate and/or secondary schools offering courses in general education, not operated for profit, subject to the requirements of Section 6.07;
         C.   Utilities and public service buildings and uses (without storage yards), subject to the requirements of Section 6.10;
         D.   Golf courses, country clubs, recreational centers and swim clubs, subject to the requirements of Section 6.11;
         E.   Bed and breakfast accommodations, subject to the requirements of Section 6.14;
         F.   Business, professional and medical offices;
         G.   Banks, credit unions and savings and loan associations;
         H.   One-family dwellings located within a building containing another permitted or specially permitted use, and subject to the requirements of Section 5.16;
         I.   Personal service establishments, such as, but not limited to, repair shops (watches, radio, television, shoe, etc.), tailor shops, beauty parlors, barber shops, interior decorators, photographers and drycleaners;
         J.   Generally recognized retail businesses which supply commodities on the premises within completely enclosed buildings, such commodities include, but are not limited to, foods, personal use items (drugs, health care, notions, books, magazines, periodicals, stationary and office supplies), liquor, clothing, dry goods, florist's shops, hobby and craft stores, gifts, antiques, jewelry, hardware and household supplies, wearing apparel, and similar products.
         K.   Restaurants and taverns where the patrons are served while seated within the building occupied by such establishment, such establishment not to extend as an integral part of, or accessory thereto, any service of a drive-in or an open-front store.
         L.   Sidewalk café service, operated by a restaurant or other food establishment which sells food for immediate consumption, and subject to the requirements of Section 6.20;
         M.   Child and adult day-care facilities, subject to the requirements of Section 6.02;
         N.   Housing for the elderly, Nursing homes and convalescent centers, subject to the requirements of Section 6.03;
         O.   Funeral homes and mortuaries; and
         P.   Automobile fueling stations that are incidental to a principal retail use in a shopping center, subject to all of the following:
            i.   The portion of the site occupied by the fueling station shall not exceed five percent or one acre, whichever is less, of the shopping center site.
            ii.   The fueling station shall be located no further than 500 feet from the primary entrance of the principal retail use it is incidental to.
            iii.   A single building servicing the fuel islands that does not exceed 1,000 square feet shall be permitted.
            iv.   Access to the fueling station shall be provided solely from drives which are internal to the shopping center. Separate access from the fueling station to a public road shall be prohibited.
            v.   The fueling station shall meet all of the applicable standards in Section 6.22 Mixed Use District Development Regulations.
            vi.   Vehicular access to and circulation within the fueling station site shall control the flow of traffic and be arranged in a manner that will not create a hazard to motorists and pedestrians.
            vii.   Canopy and building design and materials shall be compatible with and visually complement the design of the shopping center, per the requirements of Section 6.22(k).
            viii.   Exterior lighting shall comply with the standards of Section 6.22(i). Canopy lighting shall be recessed.
            ix.   In addition to meeting all applicable requirements of Section 5.10, the perimeter boundary of the fueling station site shall be defined with curbing and landscaping.
         Q.   Drive-thrus that are incidental to a permitted retail, standard restaurant, or service use in a shopping center, subject to all of the following in addition to the requirements of section 10.08:
            i.   Access to the drive-thru must be provided solely from drives which are internal to the shopping center.
            ii.   Drive-thru restaurants, as defined in this ordinance, are prohibited in the MXD District.
            iii.   No more than one drive-through servicing a cashier, payment and/or pickup window shall be permitted for each individual building, regardless of the number of uses. Dual ordering stations for drive-through food services shall not be permitted.
         R.   Accessory building and uses customarily incidental to any of the uses permitted in this subsection, and subject to the applicable requirements of Section 5.02.
      (4)   Conditions of Use.
         In addition to all regulations applicable to those uses located within the district, the Mixed Use Development Regulations as outlined in Section 6.22, shall also apply.
   (k)   I-1, Light Industrial.
      (1)   Purpose.  I-1, Light Industrial Districts are designed so as to primarily accommodate wholesale activities, warehouses and industrial operations whose external physical effects are restricted to the area of the District and in no manner affect in a detrimental way any of the surrounding districts.  I-1 District is so structured as to permit, along with any specified use, the manufacturing, compounding, processing, packaging, assembly and/or treatment of finished or semi-finished products from previously prepared material.  It is further intended that the processing of raw material for shipment in bulk form, to be used in an industrial operation at another location, not be permitted in the district.
      (2)   Permitted Uses.
         A.   Research and development, technical training, and product design offices;
         B.   Manufacturing, processing, packaging or assembling of merchandise from previously prepared raw materials.
            i.   Communication, transmission and reception equipment such as coils, tubes, semi- conductors, navigation control equipment and systems guidance equipment;
            ii.   Data processing equipment and systems;
            iii.   Metering instruments;
            iv.   Optical and photographic devices, equipment and systems;
            v.   Scientific and mechanical instruments such as calipers and transits;
            vi.   Testing equipment;
            vii.   Electrical machinery, equipment and supplies, electronic equipment, components and accessories;
            viii.   Office, computing and accounting machines; and
            ix.   Bottling plants.
         C.   Warehouse, storage and transfer and electric and gas service buildings and yards; public utility buildings; telephone exchange buildings; electrical transformer stations and substations and gas regulator stations; water supply and sewage disposal plants; water and gas tank holders; railroad transfer and storage tracks; railroad rights of way; and freight terminals in accordance with the requirements of Section 5.13
         D.   Municipal uses such as water treatment plants, reservoirs, water supply and sewage treatment plants, and all other Municipal buildings and uses, including outdoor storage; 
         E.   Self-storage facilities, subject to the requirements of Section 6.05;
         F.   Accessory buildings and uses customarily incidental to any of the uses permitted in this subsection, and subject to the applicable requirements of Section 5.02;
         G.   Publicly owned and operated parks and recreational facilities;
         H.   Data processing and computer centers including the servicing and maintenance of electronic data processing equipment; and
         I.   Printing, publishing and related activities;
         J.   Laboratories for medical, research, or other experimental testing;
         K.   Tool, die, gauge, and machine shops; and
         L.   Office space and/or buildings for administrative functions associated with another permitted use.
      (3)   Special Land Uses.
         A.   Automobile repair garages, and collision services when completely enclosed, and subject to the requirements of Section 6.17
         B.   Lumber and planing mills when completely enclosed;
         C.   Metal plating, buffing and polishing, subject to appropriate measures to control the type of process to prevent noxious results and/or nuisances; 
         D.   Storage facilities for building materials, sand, gravel, stone, lumber and contractors' equipment and supplies, provided that such storage is enclosed in a building or within an obscuring wall or fence as per the conditions of use in Section 4.06(4) and Section 5.13 of the Zoning Code;
         E.   Auto washes intended for industrial use only;
         F.   Other uses similar to the uses permitted in this sub-section;
         G.   Microwbreweries, meeting all licensing requirements of the State of Michigan; and
         H.   Kennels, subject to the requirements of Section 6.28.
      (4)   Condition of Use.
All uses conducted outside of a fully enclosed building shall be located in a designated area and enclosed and screened in accordance with the requirements of Section 5.13 of the Zoning Code.
   (l)   I-2, General Industrial District.
      (1)   Purpose.  I-2, General Industrial Districts are designed primarily for manufacturing, assembling and fabrication activities, including large scale or specialized industrial operations, whose external physical effects will be felt to some degree by surrounding districts.  I-2 District is so structured as to permit the manufacturing, processing and compounding of semi-finished or finished products from raw materials.
      (2)   Permitted Uses.
         A.   Principal uses permitted in an I-1 Light Industrial District
         B.   Contractor's establishments provided all products, material, and equipment is stored within an enclosed building;
         C.   Any production, processing, cleaning, servicing, testing, repair or storage of materials, goods or products which conforms with the performance standards set forth in Article 8, except such uses as are specifically excluded from the City by ordinance; 
         D.   Trucking and cartage facilities, truck and industrial equipment storage yards, repairing and washing equipment and yards subject to the requirements of Section 5.13;
         E.   The following production, processing, packaging, assembling or manufacturing uses (not including the storage of finished products) provided that they are located not less than eight hundred (800) feet from a Residential District and not less than three hundred (300) feet from any other district:
            i.   Blast furnaces, steel furnaces and blooming or rolling mills;
            ii.   The manufacture of corrosive acid or alkali, cement, lime, gypsum or plaster of Paris;
            iii.   The production, refining or storage of petroleum or other inflammable liquids;
            iv.   The smelting of copper, iron or zinc ore; 
            v.   Pharmaceutical preparations, cosmetics and toiletries;
            vi.   Plastic products such as laminate, pipe, plumbing products, and miscellaneous molded or extruded products;
            vii.   Stone, clay, glass and leather products;
            viii.   Food products, bakery goods, candy and beverages;
            ix.   Prefabricated buildings and structured members; and
            x.   Appliances.
         F.   Accessory buildings and uses customarily incidental to any of the uses permitted in this subsection, and subject to the applicable requirements of Section 5.02;
         G.   Metal fabrication and tool and die shops;
         H.   Fabrication of paper and wood products such as office supplies, bags, books, cabinets, furniture and toys;
         I.   Packaging operations, but not including baling of discarded or junk materials, such as, but not limited to: paper, cloth, rags, lumber, metal or glass;
         J.   Printing, publishing, or related activities;
         K.   Manufacture and repair of signs, and heating and ventilating equipment; and
         L.   Recycling operations.
      (3)   Special Land Use.
         A.   Salvage yards, provided that they are entirely enclosed in buildings or enclosed and screened in accordance with Section 5.13, and provided, further, that one (1) property line abuts a railroad right-of-way.  There shall be no burning on the site, and all industrial processes involving the use of equipment for cutting, compressing or packaging shall be conducted within a completely enclosed building;
         B.   Heating and electric power generating plants and all necessary uses; and
         C.   All uses conducted outside of a fully enclosed building shall be located in a designated area and enclosed and screened in accordance with Section 5.13.
   (m)   P-1, Vehicular Parking District.
      (1)   Purpose.  P-1, Vehicular Parking Districts are designed to accommodate off-street parking for those nonresidential uses which are not able to provide adequate space within their own district boundaries or to provide a buffer area between residential and nonresidential uses
      (2)   Permitted Uses.
         A.   Premises in a P-1 Vehicular Parking District shall be used only for an off-street vehicular parking area and shall be developed and maintained subject to this Article 10.
      (3)   Conditions of Use.
         A.   A parking area in a P-1, Vehicular Parking District shall be accessory to, and for use in connection with, one (1) or more business or industrial establishments, or in connection with one (1) or more existing professional or institutional office buildings or institutions;
         B.   Such parking area shall be used solely for the parking of private passenger vehicles for periods of less than one day; 
         C.   No sign, other than signs designating entrances, exits and conditions of use, shall be maintained on such parking areas; 
         D.   No building shall be erected on the premises, except for a building for the shelter of attendants, which shall not exceed fifteen (15) feet in height;
         E.   Such parking area shall be contiguous to an R-M Multiple Family Residential, O-1 Office, CBD Central Business, B-1 Local Business, B-2 General Business, I-1 Industrial 1 or I-2 Industrial 2 District. There may be a private driveway, public street or public alley between the P-1 District and such R-M, O-1, CBD, B-1, B-2, I-1 or I-2 District; and
         F.   An application for P-1 District rezoning shall be made to the Building Department by submitting a layout of the area requested showing the intended parking plan.
   (n)   HL-1, Historic Limited Use District.
      (1)   Purpose.  HL, Historic Limited Use Districts are designed to safeguard the unique historical heritage of the City by preserving historic districts, structures, objects and areas which reflect elements of the City's unique cultural, social, economic, political or architectural history; to stabilize and improve property values and the economy within historic districts; to foster civic beauty and pride; to promote the use of historic districts for the education, pleasure and welfare of the citizens of the City.  The HL-1 district specifically intends to preserve the historic character of the properties within the district and to permit residential, office and private school uses.  See Section 6.23 for the specific use provisions.
      (2)   Permitted Uses.
         A.   One-family detached dwellings, including manufactured homes when located outside trailer courts, except that manufactured homes are subject to the requirements of Chapter 1286, provided, however, that a dwelling is exclusively owner-occupied for residential purposes only, and provided, further, that any revenue-generating enterprise carried on therein, whether an office, a professional practice or residential rental of all or any part of the premises, shall be a specially permitted use;
         B.   Private pools, subject to the requirements of Section 6.17;
         C.   Home occupations as provided in Section 5.09; and
         D.   Accessory buildings and uses customarily incidental to any of the uses permitted in this subsection, and subject to the applicable requirements of Sections 5.02 and 6.17.
      (3)   Special Land Uses.
         A.   Residential rental (whether or not owner-occupied in part) country inns;
         B.   Professional offices of doctors, dentists, chiropractors, osteopaths and similar or allied professionals;
         C.   Offices for executive, administrative or professional occupations; 
         D.   Bed and breakfasts accommodations, subject to the requirements of Section 6.14; and
         E.   Parochial and private elementary, intermediate and/or high schools subject to the requirements of Section 6.07 and the Historic Overlay District Regulations of Section 6.23.
      (4)   Conditions of Use.
         In addition to all regulations applicable to those uses located within the HL District, the Historic Overlay District Regulations as outlined in Section 6.23, shall also apply.
   (o)   HL-2, Historic Limited Residential Use District.
      (1)   Purpose.  HL, Historic Limited Use Districts are designed to safeguard the unique historical heritage of the City by preserving historic districts, structures, objects and areas which reflect elements of the City's unique cultural, social, economic, political or architectural history; to stabilize and improve property values and the economy within historic districts; to foster civic beauty and pride; to promote the use of historic districts for the education, pleasure and welfare of the citizens of the City.  The HL-2 district specifically intends to preserve the historic, residential character of the properties within the district.  See Section 6.23 for the specific use provisions
      (2)   Permitted Uses.
         A.   One-family detached dwellings, including manufactured homes when located outside trailer courts, except that manufactured homes are subject to the requirements of Chapter 1286, provided, however, that a dwelling is exclusively owner-occupied for residential purposes only, and provided, further, that any revenue-generating enterprise carried on therein, whether an office, a professional practice or residential rental of all or any part of the premises, shall be a specially permitted use;
         B.   Private pools, subject to the requirements of Section 6.17;
         C.   Home occupations as provided in Section 5.09; and
         D.   Accessory buildings and uses customarily incidental to any of the uses permitted in this subsection, and subject to the applicable requirements of Sections 5.02 and 6.17.
      (3)   Special Land Uses.
         A.   Residential rental (whether or not owner-occupied in part); and
         B.   Bed and breakfasts accommodations, subject to the requirements of Section 6.14.
      (4)   Conditions of Use.  In addition to all regulations applicable to those uses located within the HL-2 District, the Historic Overlay District Regulations as outlined in Section 6.23, shall also apply.