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5-5   PARKING AND LOADING
5-5(A)   PURPOSE
This Section 14-16-5-5 is intended to ensure that development provides adequate off-street parking spaces for all modes of transport by establishing standards and requirements that minimize traffic congestion, avoid increased parking on neighborhood streets, allow flexibility in addressing parking demand, and improve the visual appeal of the city by regulating the placement, layout, and design of parking areas, parking structures, and garages.
5-5(B)   APPLICABILITY
Unless modified elsewhere in this IDO, the requirements of this Section 14-16-5-5 shall apply to all uses and development in any zone district. No final development approval or building permit shall be issued unless the parking requirements of this section are met or modified in accordance with the applicable parking requirements of this IDO.
   5-5(B)(1)   Activities that Trigger Parking Requirements
   The following activities shall require compliance with the standards in this Section 14-16-5-5.
   5-5(B)(1)(a)   Construction of a new primary building.
   5-5(B)(1)(b)   Expansion of the gross floor area of an existing primary building by more than 25 percent or 2,500 square feet, whichever is less, from the square footage originally approved, in which case the provisions of Table 5-5-1 and Table 5-5-2 shall apply to the expanded gross floor area of the building. All relevant standards in this Section 14-16-5-5 shall apply to any new parking added to conform with this provision and to any portions of the site affected by the expansion.
   5-5(B)(1)(c)   A change in use of a primary building that complies with the requirements of Table 5-5-1 and Table 5-5-2 before the change in use, and that increases the minimum off-street parking requirements for the building by more than 25 percent. Changes in use that result in a smaller increase in off-street parking spaces shall not be required to provide additional parking.
   5-5(B)(1)(d)   A change in use associated with a tenant improvement or renovation of a primary building that does not comply with the requirements of Table 5-5-1 and Table 5-5-2 prior to the change in use, provided that any of the following conditions apply:
      1.   The maximum number of parking spaces possible is provided in compliance with the standards of Subsection 14-16-5-5(F) (Parking Location and Design) without the removal or partial removal of a structure or required landscaping.
      2.   Any area resulting from the voluntary removal or partial removal of a structure shall be used to provide additional parking toward fulfilling the required number of off-street parking spaces for the new use(s) required by Table 5-5-1 and Table 5-5-2 as adjusted by Section 14-16-5-5(C)(4) (Parking Adjustments and Credits).
      3.   The amount of parking available for the new use is at least 80 percent of the off-street parking spaces for the new use(s) required by Table 5-5-1 and Table 5-5-2, as adjusted by Section 14-16-5-5(C)(4) (Parking Adjustments and Credits).
   5-5(B)(1)(e)   Construction of a new parking lot, including any off-street parking required by Table 5-5-1. 197
   5-5(B)(2)   Exemptions and Reductions
   5-5(B)(2)(a)   Off-street Parking Exemption
   The following areas are exempt from requirements in Subsections 14-16-2-4(E)(3)(g)1 (Minimum Parking Requirements in MX-FB), 14-16-5-5(C) (Off-street Parking), and 14-16-5-5(D) (Motorcycle Parking), except those required to satisfy the Americans with Disabilities Act. If parking is provided where it is otherwise exempt pursuant to this Subsection 14-16-5-5(B)(2), parking standards in the remainder of this Section 14-16-5-5 shall apply.
      1.   Downtown Center 198
      2.   McClellan Park Small Area 199
 
      3.   Old Town – HPO-5
   5-5(B)(2)(b)   Pre-1965 Buildings
   Primary buildings constructed prior to 1965 do not have to meet minimum off-street parking requirements, except those required to satisfy the Americans with Disabilities Act, if the primary building is expanded by less than 200 square feet and the number of existing parking spaces on the lot is not reduced.
   5-5(B)(2)(c)   Barelas Small Area 200
   The minimum off-street parking requirement in the following mapped small area in Barelas is 50 percent of any requirement in Table 5-5-1. No additional parking adjustments or credits are allowed.
 
   5-5(B)(2)(d)   Nob Hill Small Area 5
   Non-residential uses other than restaurants, bars, and nightclubs in establishments of less than 3,000 square feet in the following mapped area do not have to meet minimum off-street parking requirements, except those required to satisfy the Americans with Disabilities Act.
 
   5-5(B)(3)   Existing Parking
   Off-street parking or loading spaces provided prior to the effective date of this IDO shall not be reduced or reconfigured in any way that would bring the property or use out of compliance with this Section 14-16-5-5 or would increase the degree of any existing nonconformity with the provisions of this Section 14-16-5-5.
   5-5(B)(4)   Allowed Vehicles 6
   The following vehicles are regulated and shall require compliance with the standards in this Section 14-16-5-5.
   5-5(B)(4)(a)   Parking of more than 2 truck tractors and 2 semitrailers for more than 2 hours: Allowed with the permission of the property owner on a premises with a primary non-residential use allowed by Table 4-2-1 in the MX-M, MX-H, NR-C, NR-BP, NR-LM, and NR-GM zone districts.
   5-5(B)(4)(b)   Parking of heavy vehicles for more than 2 hours: Allowed with the permission of the property owner of a premises with a primary non-residential use allowed by Table 4-2-1 in the in the MX-L, MX-M, MX-H, or any Non-residential zone district.
   5-5(B)(4)(c)   Parking of light vehicles for more than 2 hours: Allowed with the permission of the property owner of a premises with a primary use allowed by Table 4-2-1 in any zone district.
   5-5(B)(4)(d)   Parking of recreational vehicle, boat, and/or recreational trailer for more than 2 hours:
      1.   Allowed with the permission of the property owner of a premises with a primary residential use allowed by Table 4-2-1 in any Residential zone district or MX-T zone district.
      2.   Allowed with the permission of the property owner of a premises with a primary non-residential use allowed by Table 4-2-1 in any MX or NR zone district.
      3.   The vehicle must be parked in 1 of the following areas:
         a.   Inside an enclosed structure.
         b.   Outside in a side or rear yard.
         c.   Outside in a front yard, with the unit perpendicular to the front curb and the body of the recreational vehicle at least 11 feet from the face of the curb.
      4.   No part of the vehicle may extend over any public sidewalk or into any required clear sight triangle.
      5.   A vehicle may be parked anywhere on the premises during active loading or unloading.
      6.   No parked vehicle may be used for dwelling purposes, except one recreational vehicle may be used for dwelling purposes for a maximum of 14 days in any calendar year on any lot.
      7.   Cooking is prohibited in any vehicle at any time.
      8.   Butane or propane fuel shall not be used in any vehicle at any time.
      9.   Use of electricity or propane fuel is allowed when necessary to prepare a recreational vehicle for use.
      10.   A vehicle may not be permanently connected to sewer lines, water lines, or electricity. A vehicle may be connected to electricity temporarily for charging batteries and other purposes if the receptacle and the connection from the recreational vehicle have been inspected and a permit issued by the City as meeting the adopted electrical code. The individual taking out the permit must call for an inspection of the electrical wiring when ready for inspection, and standard inspection fees will be charged.
      11.   The vehicle may not be used for storage of goods, materials, or equipment other than those items considered part of the unit or essential for its immediate use.
5-5(C)   OFF-STREET PARKING
   5-5(C)(1)   Calculation
   Off-street parking spaces used to comply with the requirements of this Section 14-16-5-5 shall be calculated as follows:
   5-5(C)(1)(a)   Parking requirements in Table 5-5-1 are calculated as ratios to be multiplied by the gross floor area or design capacity of the use.
   5-5(C)(1)(b)   The required minimum off-street parking may be adjusted pursuant to Subsection 14-16-5-5(C)(5) (Parking Reductions).
   5-5(C)(1)(c)   When a calculation of required parking spaces results in a fraction of a space, the number of required parking spaces shall be rounded down to the nearest whole number.
   5-5(C)(1)(d)   No space used for a required loading or stacking space may be used to satisfy minimum off-street parking requirements.
   5-5(C)(1)(e)   No space used for shopping corrals or for other uses that make the space unavailable for vehicle parking may be used to satisfy minimum off-street parking requirements.
   5-5(C)(2)   Minimum Off-street Parking Table
   Unless specified otherwise in this IDO or modified by Sections 14-16-5-5(C)(3) (Amenity, Recreation, and Entertainment Uses) and 14-16-5-5(C)(5) (Parking Reductions), off-street parking spaces shall be provided in accordance with Table 5-5-1. For unlisted uses, required parking is determined by Planning Director per Section 14-16-5-5(C)(4). If a conditional use is approved pursuant to Subsection 14-16-6-6(A) and the approval states a different parking requirement, then the parking requirement in the Conditional Use Approval shall apply. See also Subsection 14-16-5-5(C)(7) (Parking Maximums).
Table 5-5-1: Minimum Off-street Parking Requirements
UC = Urban Center; AC = Activity Center; MS = Main Street area; PT = Premium Transit area as identified in the ABC Comp Plan
DU = Dwelling Unit    BR = Bedroom    GFA = Gross Floor Area
Design Capacity = Maximum occupancy per building or fire codes, whichever is greater
Use
IDO Parking Requirement
Table 5-5-1: Minimum Off-street Parking Requirements
UC = Urban Center; AC = Activity Center; MS = Main Street area; PT = Premium Transit area as identified in the ABC Comp Plan
DU = Dwelling Unit    BR = Bedroom    GFA = Gross Floor Area
Design Capacity = Maximum occupancy per building or fire codes, whichever is greater
Use
IDO Parking Requirement
PERMISSIVE PRIMARY USES
RESIDENTIAL
Household Living
Dwelling, single-family detached
1 space / DU up to 2 BR
2 spaces / DU with 3 or more BR
Dwelling, mobile home
2 spaces / mobile home
Dwelling, cluster development
1 space / DU up to 2 BR
2 spaces / DU with 3 or more BR
Dwelling, cottage development
1 space / DU
R-A and R-1: 2 additional spaces / project for visitors
Dwelling, two-family detached (duplex)
1 space / DU up to 2 BR
2 spaces / DU with 3 or more BR
Dwelling, townhouse
Dwelling, live-work
2 spaces / DU
UC-MS-PT: 1 space / DU
Dwelling, multi-family
1.5 spaces / DU
UC-MS-PT: 1 space / DU
Group Living
Assisted living facility or nursing home
Assisted living facility: 1 space / 3 beds
Nursing home: 1 space / 5 residential care beds, but not less than 2 spaces
Community residential facility
1 space / 4 persons design capacity
Group home
Dormitory
1 space / 3 persons design capacity
CIVIC AND INSTITUTIONAL USES 203
Adult or child day care facility
1 space / 400 sq. ft. GFA
UC-MS-PT: 1 space / 600 sq. ft. GFA
BioPark
Per BioPark Master Plan
Cemetery
No requirement
Community center or library
2 spaces / 1,000 sq. ft. GFA
Correctional facility
3 spaces / 1,000 sq. ft. GFA
Elementary or middle school
2 spaces / classroom
Fire or police station
2 spaces / 1,000 sq. ft. GFA
High school
1 space / 4 seats in main auditorium or 3 spaces / classroom, whichever is greater
Hospital
1 space / 3 patient beds or 4 spaces / 1,000 sq. ft. GFA, whichever is greater
Museum or art gallery
3 spaces / 1,000 sq. ft. GFA, but not less than 2 spaces
UC-MS-PT: 2 spaces / 1,000 sq. ft. GFA, but not less than 2 spaces
Overnight shelter
No requirement
Parks and open space
Religious institution
1 space / 1,000 sq. ft. GFA or 1 space / 4 seats in main assembly area, whichever is greater[1]
UC-MS-PT: 1 space / 1,500 sq. ft. GFA or 1 space / 6 seats in main assembly area, whichever is greater[1]
Sports field
4 spaces / 1,000 sq. ft. of site area where attendees circulate, participate, or watch the recreation
University or college
1 space / 500 sq. ft. GFA of office, research, and library area plus 1 space / 200 sq. ft. GFA of largest auditorium space
Vocational school
3 spaces / 1,000 sq. ft. GFA
UC-MS-PT: 2 spaces / 1,000 sq. ft. GFA
COMMERCIAL USES
Agriculture and Animal-related
Community garden
No requirement
Equestrian facility
No requirement
General agriculture
No requirement
Kennel
2.5 spaces / 1,000 sq. ft. GFA
Nursery
2 spaces / 1,000 sq. ft. GFA
Veterinary hospital
2.5 spaces / 1,000 sq. ft. GFA
Other pet services
Food, Beverage, and Indoor Entertainment
Adult entertainment
1 space / 1,000 sq. ft. GFA or 1 space / 4 seats in main assembly area, whichever is greater[1]
UC-MS-PT: 1 space / 1,500 sq. ft. GFA or 1 space / 6 seats in main assembly area, whichever is greater[1]
Auditorium or theater
Bar
8 spaces / 1,000 sq. ft. GFA
UC-MS-PT: 5 spaces / 1,000 sq. ft. GFA
Catering service
2 spaces / 1,000 sq. ft. GFA
Health club or gym
2.5 spaces / 1,000 sq. ft. GFA
Mobile food truck court 8
5 or more mobile food trucks on-site: 2 parking spaces per mobile food truck
Nightclub
8 spaces / 1,000 sq. ft. GFA
UC-MS-PT: 5 spaces / 1,000 sq. ft. GFA
Residential community amenity
3 spaces / 1,000 sq. ft. GFA plus requirements in Table 5-5-2
Restaurant
8 spaces / 1,000 sq. ft. GFA
UC-MS-PT: 5 spaces / 1,000 sq. ft. GFA
Tap room or tasting room
8 spaces / 1,000 sq. ft. GFA
UC-MS-PT: 5 spaces / 1,000 sq. ft. GFA
Other indoor entertainment
1 space / 3 persons design capacity, or per Table 5-5-2, whichever is greater
Lodging
Bed and breakfast
1 space for manager plus 1 space / guest room
Campground or recreational vehicle park
1 space / designated camping or RV spot
Hotel or motel 9
1 space / guest room or 1 space per 2 beds, whichever is greater
UC-MS-PT: 2 spaces / 3 guest rooms or 1 space per 4 beds, whichever is greater
Motor Vehicle-related
Car wash
2 spaces / 1,000 sq. ft. GFA of retail, office, and waiting area
Heavy vehicle and equipment sales, rental, fueling, and repair
1 space / 1,000 sq. ft. GFA
Light vehicle fueling station
4 spaces / 1,000 sq. ft. GFA
Light vehicle repair
1 space / 1,000 sq. ft. GFA
Light vehicle sales and rental
2 spaces / 1,000 sq. ft. GFA
Outdoor vehicle storage
No requirement
Paid parking lot
Parking structure
Offices and Services
Bank
3 spaces / 1,000 sq. ft. GFA
UC-MS-PT: 2 spaces / 1,000 sq. ft. GFA
Blood services facility
4 spaces / 1,000 sq. ft. GFA
UC-MS-PT: 2.5 spaces / 1,000 sq. ft. GFA
Club or event facility
1 space / 1,000 sq. ft. GFA or 1 space / 4 seats in main assembly area, whichever is greater[1]
UC-MS-PT: 1 space / 1,500 sq. ft. GFA or 1 space / 6 seats in main assembly area, whichever is greater[1]
Commercial services
3 spaces / 1,000 sq. ft. GFA
Construction contractor facility and yard
No requirement
Crematorium
1 space / 1,000 sq. ft. GFA
Medical or dental clinic
5 spaces / 1,000 sq. ft. GFA
UC-MS-PT: 3 spaces / 1,000 sq. ft. GFA
Mortuary
1 space / 1,000 sq. ft. GFA or 1 space / 4 seats in main assembly area, whichever is greater[1]
Office
3.5 spaces / 1,000 sq. ft. GFA
UC-MS-PT: 2.5 spaces / 1,000 sq. ft. GFA
Maximum (UC-MS-PT): 4 spaces / 1,000 sq. ft. GFA for primary buildings with more than 100,000 sq. ft. GFA
Personal and business services, small
4 spaces / 1,000 sq. ft. GFA
UC-MS-PT: 2.5 spaces / 1,000 sq. ft. GFA
Personal and business services, large
Research or testing facility
1.5 space / 1,000 sq. ft. GFA
Self-storage
1 space / 3,000 sq. ft. GFA
Outdoor Recreation and Entertainment
Amphitheater
1 space / 4 seats in main assembly area[1]
Balloon Fiesta Park events and activities
Per parking study or adopted Master Plan
Drive-in theater
No requirement
Fairgrounds
4 spaces / 1,000 sq. ft. of site area where attendees circulate, participate, or watch activities
Residential community amenity
3 spaces / 1,000 sq. ft. GFA plus requirements in Table 5-5-2
Stadium or racetrack
1 space / 4 seats in main assembly area[1]
Other outdoor entertainment
3 spaces / 1,000 sq. ft. GFA plus requirements in Table 5-5-2
Retail Sales
Adult retail
4 spaces / 1,000 sq. ft. GFA
UC-MS-PT: 2.5 spaces / 1,000 sq. ft. GFA
Bakery goods or confectionery shop
Building and home improvement materials store
2 spaces / 1,000 sq. ft. GFA
Farmers’ market
No requirement
General retail
4 spaces / 1,000 sq. ft. GFA
UC-MS-PT: 2.5 spaces / 1,000 sq. ft. GFA
Maximum (UC-MS-PT): 4 spaces / 1,000 sq. ft. GFA for primary buildings with more than 100,000 sq. ft. GFA
Grocery store
Liquor retail
4 spaces / 1,000 sq. ft. GFA
Pawn shop
4 spaces / 1,000 sq. ft. GFA
Transportation
Airport
Determined by airport management
Freight terminal or dispatch center
No requirement
Helipad
No requirement
Park-and-ride lot
No requirement
Railroad yard
No requirement
Transit facility
Determined by transportation authority
INDUSTRIAL USES
Manufacturing, Fabrication, and Assembly
Artisan manufacturing
3 spaces / 1,000 sq. ft. GFA
Light manufacturing
1 space / 1,000 sq. ft. GFA
Heavy manufacturing
1 space / 5,000 sq. ft. GFA
Natural resource extraction
No requirement
Special manufacturing
1 space / 1,000 sq. ft. GFA
Telecommunications, Towers, and Utilities
Geothermal energy generation
No requirement
Electric utility
Major utility, other
Solar energy generation
Wind energy generation
Wireless Telecommunications Facility (WTF)
Waste and Recycling
Recycling drop-off bin facility
No requirement
Solid waste convenience center
Salvage yard
Waste and/or recycling transfer station
Wholesaling and Storage
Above-ground storage of fuels or feed
No requirement
Outdoor storage
Warehousing
Wholesaling and distribution center
1 space / 2,000 sq. ft. GFA
ACCESSORY AND TEMPORARY USES
ACCESSORY USES 10
Agriculture sales stand
No requirement
Animal keeping
Automated Teller Machine (ATM)
No requirement[2]
Drive-through or drive-up facility
No requirement[2]
Dwelling unit, accessory
1 space / accessory dwelling unit
Dwelling, accessory without kitchen
No requirement
Family care facility
Family home day care
Garden
Hobby breeder
Home occupation
Independent living facility
1 space / DU
Mobile food truck
No requirement
Mobile vending cart
Outdoor animal run
Outdoor dining area 11
3spaces / 1,000 sq. ft. GFA outdoor seating space
UC-AC-MS-PT: No requirement
Second kitchen in a dwelling
1 additional space required
Other use accessory to non-residential primary use
No requirement
Other use accessory to residential primary use
TEMPORARY USES
Circus
4 spaces / 1,000 sq. ft. of site area where attendees circulate, participate, or watch activities
Construction staging area, trailer, or office
No requirement
Dwelling, temporary 12
1 space / DU
Fair, festival, or theatrical performance
4 spaces / 1,000 sq. ft. of site area where attendees circulate, participate, or watch activities
Garage or yard sale
No requirement
Hot air balloon takeoff/landing
Open air market
Park-and-ride facility, temporary
Real estate office or model home
2 spaces / 1,000 sq. ft. GFA of office
Seasonal outdoor sales
4 spaces / 1,000 sq. ft. of stall area and customer circulation area
[1] 30 in. pew or bench space = 1 seat.
[2] Stacking space requirements in Subsection 14-16-5-5(I) apply if designed to be accessed from motor vehicles.
 
   5-5(C)(3)   Amenity, Recreation, and Entertainment Uses
   Uses in Table 5-5-1 that reference Table 5-5-2 shall provide the minimum number of off-street parking spaces listed in Table 5-5-2 below. If a site includes more than one use listed in Table 5-5-1, the Planning Director may authorize a reduction in the combined parking requirements for the individual uses based on anticipated joint use of facilities as determined by the Planning Director.
Table 5-5-2: Minimum Off-street Parking Requirements for Amenity, Recreation, and Entertainment Uses
Activity
Number of Spaces Required
Table 5-5-2: Minimum Off-street Parking Requirements for Amenity, Recreation, and Entertainment Uses
Activity
Number of Spaces Required
Miniature Golf
2 spaces / hole
Golf Driving Range
1 space / tee plus 1 space / 15 sq. ft. of hitting area
Golf Course
4 spaces / hole
Sports Court
3 spaces / court
Swimming Pool
1 space / 3 persons design capacity
Batting Cage
1 space / 2 batting spaces
Skate Facility
4 spaces / 1,000 sq. ft. of skating surface
Amusement Park
1 space / 300 sq. ft. GFA plus 1 space / 5,000 sq. ft. of outdoor area
Unlisted Uses
As determined by Planning Director per Section 14-16-5-5(C)(4)
 
   5-5(C)(4)   Unlisted Uses
   For any use not expressly listed in Table 5-5-1 and Table 5-5-2, the Planning Director is authorized to do any of the following:
   5-5(C)(4)(a)   Apply the minimum off-street parking space requirement specified in Subsection 14-16-5-5(C) (Off-street Parking) for the listed use that the Planning Director determines is most similar to the proposed use.
   5-5(C)(4)(b)   Establish the minimum off-street parking space requirement by reference to standard parking resources published by the National Parking Association, the American Planning Association, or another recognized parking reference resource.
   5-5(C)(4)(c)   Establish the minimum off-street parking space requirement based on local or national best practices.
   5-5(C)(4)(d)   Establish the minimum off-street parking space requirement based on a parking demand study prepared by the applicant that estimates parking demand based on information provided by the of the National Parking Association, the American Planning Association, or another recognized parking reference resource, and/or the Institute of Transportation Engineers or another recognized traffic reference resource.
   5-5(C)(5)   Parking Reductions
   The minimum amounts of off-street automobile parking required by Table 5-5-1 and Table 5-5-2 above shall be adjusted by the factors in this Subsection 14-16-5-5(C)(5). These factors may be applied individually or in combination, with each reduction being calculated from the requirement in Table 5-5-1 and Table 5-5-2. The cumulative reduction shall not exceed 50 percent of the off-street parking spaces required by Table 5-5-1 and Table 5-5-2 unless the applicant satisfies the requirements of Subsections 14-16-5-5(C)(5)(d) (Public Parking Reduction) or 14-16-5-5(C)(5)(e) (Parking Study Reduction).
   5-5(C)(5)(a)   General Reductions for Centers and Corridor Areas
   In UC-AC-EC-MS areas or in MT areas in Areas of Change, where Table 5-5-1 and Table 5-5-2 do not indicate a different parking requirement for the relevant Center or Corridor area, a 20 percent reduction in required off-street parking spaces shall apply to properties in those areas.
   5-5(C)(5)(b)   Shared Parking Reduction
      1.   Two (2) or more uses listed in Table 4-2-1 may share one or more parking structures or parking lots located pursuant to Subsection 14-16-5-5(F)(1)(a). The sharing of any required parking shall be guaranteed by a legally binding agreement between the owner of the parking area and the owner of the building or use that is located on a different lot and served by the parking area. Such agreement shall address the issue of how parking will be shared if the parties change their business hours and peak business periods.
      2.   The total off-street parking requirement for those uses may be reduced by the factors shown in Table 5-5-3. Off-street parking required shall be the sum of the 2 parking requirements for the 2 uses divided by the factors for that combination of uses. If more than 2 uses share a parking lot or structure, the required parking shall be calculated by applying Table 5-5-3 to the 2 uses with the largest parking requirements and then adding the required parking for the additional uses.
   Example:
   Proposed project in a Main Street area includes 40 2-bedroom dwelling units, 15,000 square feet of gross floor area for retail, and 2,500 square feet of gross floor area for a child day care facility.
   Step 1: Identify basic parking requirements from Table 5-5-1.
   (40 dwelling units)*(1 space per DU) = 40 spaces.
   (15,000 sq. ft.)*(2.5 spaces per 1,000 sq. ft.) = 37.5 spaces; rounded to 37.
   (2,500 sq. ft.)*(1 space per 600 sq. ft.) = 4.17 spaces; rounded to 4.
   Step 2: Add the 2 largest parking requirements.
   40 (multi-family) + 37 (retail) = 77 spaces.
   Step 3: Divide by the appropriate factor in Table 5-5-3.
   For multi-family residential and retail the factor is 1.2.
   77 / 1.2 = 64.17 spaces; rounded to 64.
   Step 4: Add other parking requirements without adjustment:
   64 + 4 = 68 spaces, final adjusted parking requirement.
 
Table 5-5-3: Shared Parking Reduction Factors
Use
Multi-family Residential
Civic or Institutional
Food, Beverage, and Indoor Entertainment or Lodging
Retail
Other Non-residential
Multi-family Residential
1.0
Civic or Institutional
1.1
1.0
Food, Beverage, and Indoor Entertainment or Lodging
1.1
1.2
1.0
Retail
1.2
1.3
1.3
1.0
Other Non-residential
1.3
1.5
1.7
1.2
1.0
 
   5-5(C)(5)(c)   Reduction for Proximity to Transit
      1.   The minimum number of off-street parking spaces required may be reduced by 30 percent if the proposed development is located within 1,320 feet (¼ mile) in any direction of any transit stop or transit station with a peak service frequency of 15 minutes or better.
      2.   The minimum number of off-street parking spaces required may be reduced by 10 percent if the proposed development is located within 330 feet in any direction of any transit stop or transit station with a peak service frequency between 15 minutes and 45 minutes.
      3.   Where Table 5-5-1 and Table 5-5-2 do not indicate a different parking requirement for PT areas, the minimum number of off-street parking spaces required may be reduced by 50 percent if the proposed development is located within a PT area.
      4.   The minimum number of off-street parking spaces required for new development or redevelopment may be reduced by 5 percent for projects that include, at the applicant's expense, transit rider shelters of a type and location acceptable to the City regardless of service frequency.
      5.   No development approved with any of these parking reductions shall be considered nonconforming if the transit line, station, or stop is later relocated or if peak service frequency decreases, resulting in a number of parking spaces that does not meet the minimum requirements that would apply without the Proximity to Transit reduction.
   5-5(C)(5)(d)   Public Parking Reduction
   The Planning Director may approve a reduction or elimination of parking requirements if any of the following conditions applies:
      1.   The development is within and participates in a public parking district in which individual property owners jointly provide shared parking for an area of the city exceeding 5 acres in size.
      2.   The applicant can demonstrate that adequate spaces are available in a nearby public parking lot or structure, and that the reduction or elimination of parking requirements will not result in traffic congestion or on-street parking in any nearby Residential zone district. For the purposes of this provision, on-street parking spaces shall be considered nearby public parking spaces.
   5-5(C)(5)(e)   Parking Study Reduction
   The Planning Director may approve a reduction of parking requirements if the applicant provides a parking needs study, prepared by a consultant with expertise in that area recognized by the City, and using parking generation assumptions acceptable to the City, demonstrates that off-street parking at a rate lower than that otherwise required by this Section 14-16-5-5, will adequately accommodate all anticipated demand for off-street parking and will not result in either traffic congestion or parking congestion in surrounding neighborhoods, and the Planning Director determines that the parking study provides a more accurate measure of parking needs for the site than application of the standards in this Section 14-16-5-5 that would otherwise apply.
   5-5(C)(6)   Parking Credits
   5-5(C)(6)(a)   Electric Vehicle Charging Station Credit
   Each off-street electric vehicle charging station with a rating of 240 volts or higher shall count as 2 vehicle parking spaces toward the satisfaction of minimum off-street parking requirements.
   5-5(C)(6)(b)   Van and Car Pool Parking Credit
      1.   Each off-street parking space designated and signed for the exclusive use of a shared carpool vehicle shall count as 4 spaces toward the satisfaction of minimum off-street parking requirements.
      2.   Each off-street parking space designated and signed for the exclusive use of a shared vanpool vehicle shall count as 7 spaces toward the satisfaction of minimum off-street parking requirements.
   5-5(C)(6)(c)   Shared Vehicle Program Credit
   Each off-street parking space designated and signed for the exclusive use of an existing car sharing program shall count as 4 spaces toward the satisfaction of minimum off-street parking requirements.
   5-5(C)(6)(d)   On-street Parking Credit
      1.   Any on-street parking space abutting the subject property may be counted as 1 required off-street parking space if the street does not have residential parking permit restrictions.
      2.   On-street parking spaces abutting the subject property shall be considered as located on the same lot for the purposes of Subsection 5-5(F)(1) (Location).
      3.   Each on-street parking space may only be counted once toward the parking requirements of the abutting lot, regardless of the number of individual buildings or tenants on the lot.
      4.   No development or use approved with an on-street parking credit shall be considered nonconforming if the on-street parking is later removed by City action and the remaining off-street parking does not meet the minimum off-street parking requirements of this Section 14-16-5-5.
      5.   On-street parking spaces credited for a specific use shall not be reserved for the exclusive use by customers, employees, or occupants of that use, but shall be available for general public use at all times. No signage or actions limiting general public use of on-street spaces shall be allowed.
   5-5(C)(6)(e)   Off-site Parking Credit
      1.   The provision of required parking at an off-site parking area may be counted toward required off-street parking spaces on a 1-for-1 basis and is allowed for 100 percent of the required parking spaces, except that those required to satisfy the Americans with Disabilities Act shall be provided on the site of the building or use.
      2.   Off-site parking must meet the location standards in Subsection 14-16-5-5(F)(1)(a) and shall be guaranteed by a legally binding agreement between the owner of the parking area and the owner of the building or use that is located on a different lot and served by the parking area.
   5-5(C)(7)   Parking Maximums
   Parking maximums shown in Table 5-5-1 apply to parking lots, not to spaces provided in parking structures.
   5-5(C)(8)   Accessible Parking
   5-5(C)(8)(a)   Within the off-street parking requirements of Table 5-5-1 and Table 5-5-2, as adjusted by Section 14-16-5-5(C)(5) (Parking Reductions) – and not in addition to those requirements – accessible parking shall be provided for all multi-family and non-residential uses as required by the federal Americans with Disabilities Act Accessibility Guidelines for Buildings and Facilities (ADAAG) and New Mexico Statutes Annotated, as amended, except where off-street parking is only provided in a residential driveway or garage. 209
   5-5(C)(8)(b)   Accessible parking spaces shall be located, sized, and constructed as required by the DPM.
   5-5(C)(9)   Electric Vehicle Parking
   When more than 200 off-street parking spaces are constructed, at least 2 percent of the vehicle parking spaces shall include electric vehicle charging stations with a rating of 240 volts or higher.
5-5(D)   MOTORCYCLE PARKING
   5-5(D)(1)   In addition to parking spaces required by Table 5-5-1, at least the minimum number of off-street parking spaces for motorcycles, mopeds, and motor scooters listed in Table 5-5-4 shall be provided on the site except where off-street parking is only provided in a residential driveway or garage. 210 The minimum number of required motorcycle spaces shall be calculated based on the total number of required off-street parking spaces, after any reductions, credits, and allowances have been calculated.
Table 5-5-4: Minimum Motorcycle Parking Requirements
Required Off-street Vehicle Parking Spaces
Number of Motorcycle Spaces Required
Table 5-5-4: Minimum Motorcycle Parking Requirements
Required Off-street Vehicle Parking Spaces
Number of Motorcycle Spaces Required
1-25
1 space
26-50
2 spaces
51-100
3 spaces
101-150
4 spaces
151-300
5 spaces
301-500
6 spaces
501-750
7 spaces
751-1,000
8 spaces
1,000 and above
8 spaces plus 1 space per each additional 500 spaces
 
   5-5(D)(2)   All motorcycle parking areas shall be located in convenient, highly visible, well-lighted areas that do not interfere with traffic and pedestrian movements.
   5-5(D)(3)   Motorcycle parking spaces shall be located, sized, and constructed as required by the DPM.
5-5(E)   BICYCLE PARKING
   5-5(E)(1)   Unless specified otherwise in this IDO, all development shall provide on-site parking spaces for bicycles in accordance with Table 5-5-5. Where the minimum bicycle parking requirement in Table 5-5-5 is based on the number of off-street parking spaces, it shall be calculated based on the total number of off-street parking spaces provided on the site, regardless of the minimum requirement for off-street parking spaces.
Table 5-5-5: Minimum Bicycle Parking Requirements
Use
IDO Bicycle Parking Requirement
Table 5-5-5: Minimum Bicycle Parking Requirements
Use
IDO Bicycle Parking Requirement
Residential use
>5 multi-family or live-work dwelling units: 3 spaces or 10% of required off-street parking spaces, whichever is greater
Dormitory
1 space / 3 persons design capacity
Elementary or middle school
3 spaces / classroom
High school
Vocational school
3 spaces / 1,000 sq. ft. GFA
Hotel or motel
2 spaces + 1 space / 6,000 sq. ft. GFA of conference, restaurant, bar, and banquet space
Grocery store
1 space / 2,000 sq. ft. of GFA
Non-residential uses not listed in this table
3 spaces or 10% of required off-street parking spaces, whichever is greater
 
   5-5(E)(2)   The required bicycle parking spaces in Table 5-5-5 may be reduced by the Planning Director based on site-specific conditions.
   5-5(E)(3)   Bicycle parking spaces shall be located, sized, and constructed as required by the DPM.
   5-5(E)(4)   Bicycle parking facilities shall meet the following standards:
   5-5(E)(4)(a)   All bicycle parking areas shall be located in convenient, highly visible, well-lighted areas that do not interfere with traffic and pedestrian movements.
   5-5(E)(4)(b)   Required bicycle parking spaces shall be located within 50 feet in any direction of a primary pedestrian entrance. Sites with multiple primary pedestrian entrances shall have distributed bicycle parking locations.
   5-5(E)(4)(c)   Bicycle parking facilities shall be racks or lockers that are installed and anchored to prevent removal except by authorized personnel.
   5-5(E)(4)(d)   Racks shall be designed to support the bicycle in an upright position and so that both wheels and 2 points of the frame may be locked securely to it using a U-shaped lock or a chain/cable and lock.
   5-5(E)(4)(e)   Where the primary use of the property includes 100 or more dwelling units or 100,000 or more square feet of non-residential gross floor area, at least 20 percent of required bicycle parking spaces shall be in secured long-term storage lockers or areas.
5-5(F)   PARKING LOCATION AND DESIGN
   5-5(F)(1)   Location
   5-5(F)(1)(a)   All Areas
      1.   No portion of an off-street parking facility shall be located in a public street, sidewalk, alley, or other public right-of-way.
      2.   If the total required parking exceeds 20 spaces, 25 percent of the total required parking may be designed as compact parking spaces.
      3.   Where shopping carts are offered to customers, shopping cart corrals, or similar cart storage facilities shall be provided and identified and cannot occupy required parking spaces.
      4.   Except in the NR-LM and NR-GM zone districts, no required parking area shall be used for the storage, repair, dismantling, or servicing of any vehicles, equipment, materials, or supplies unless specified otherwise in this IDO. The prohibition on vehicle storage does not apply to approved outdoor storage and display related to light vehicle sales and rental or for heavy vehicle and equipment sales, rental, fueling, and repair uses in the zone districts where those uses are allowed.
      5.   Mixed-use and non-residential developments on lots with at least 200 feet of frontage on a public street may be designed with a small parking court located between the front façade of the primary building and the front lot line provided that: 211
         a.   No more than 30 percent of the total parking requirement is provided in a parking court.
         b.   The parking court is surrounded on 2 sides by the development.
         c.   Parking courts accessed from a local street shall be no greater than 110 feet wide and 150 feet deep.
      6.   Parking in any Residential zone district or for low-density residential development is prohibited on any portion of the front yard setback other than on a driveway or drive aisle meeting the standards of this IDO and the DPM.
      7.   Required parking spaces for single-family and two-family detached dwellings, and cluster development shall be located on the same lot as the residential use they serve. On-street parking spaces abutting the subject property shall be considered as located on the same lot for the purposes of Subsection 5-5(C)(6)(d) (On-street Parking Credit).
      8.   Required parking spaces for townhouse or cottage development, in a designated communal or shared parking area shall be located on a lot abutting at least 1 of the lots served by such parking. On-street parking spaces abutting the subject property shall be considered as located on the same lot for the purposes of Subsection 5-5(C)(6)(d) (On-street Parking Credit).
      9.   Required parking spaces for any residential use other than those listed in Subsections 7 and 8 above may be located in a designated communal or shared parking area located on a lot adjacent to at least 1 of the lots served by such parking. Shared parking is subject to requirements in Subsection 14-16-5-5(C)(5)(b) (Shared Parking Reduction). On-street parking spaces abutting the subject property shall be considered as located on the same lot for the purposes of Subsection 5-5(C)(6)(d) (On-street Parking Credit).
      10.   Required parking spaces for uses in the Civic and Institutional, Commercial, and Industrial use categories may be located in a designated parking area on a lot within 330 feet in any direction of the premises served by such parking if they meet the standards in Subsection 14-16-5-5(C)(5)(b) (Shared Parking Reduction) or Subsection 14-16-5-5(C)(6)(e) (Off-site Parking ). (See figure below). On-street parking spaces abutting the subject property shall be considered as located on the same lot for the purposes of Subsection 14-16-5-5(C)(6)(d) (On-street Parking Credit). 212
 
   5-5(F)(1)(b)   Downtown, Urban Centers, Main Street Areas, and Premium Transit Areas
   In addition to the provisions in Subsection (a) above, the following standards apply in DT-UC-MS-PT areas.
      1.   Off-street parking and loading areas shall not be located between the front façade of the primary building and the street unless allowed by another provision of this IDO.
      2.   Required off-street parking spaces that are not required to comply with the federal Americans with Disabilities Act may be located off-site in any Mixed-use or Non-residential zone district provided that the property containing the off-site parking is located within 660 feet in any direction of the use for which the parking is provided (measured from the nearest points on their lot lines), and the applicant provides documentation that the off-site spaces will remain available to supply the required parking for the applicant’s property for a period of not less than 2 years. Off-site parking for a non-residential use may not be provided in any Residential zone district.
      3.   Parking in the rear of a site may be accessed by alleys or by shared access drives or easements along abutting side yards where alley access is not feasible or alleys do not exist. Shared access easements shall not be more than 20 feet wide.
      4.   Parking shall be landscaped following the requirements in Subsection 14-16-5-6(F).
   5-5(F)(2)   Design, Access, and Circulation
   The following standards apply to driveways, drive aisles, carports, parking lots, and parking structures unless specified otherwise in this IDO.
   5-5(F)(2)(a)   Low-density Residential Development
   The following standards apply to all low-density residential development in any zone district except R-MC:
      1.   Driveways, parking areas, and curb cuts shall meet any applicable requirements in Subsection 14-16-5-3(C)(3)(b) (Driveways, Drive Aisles, and Access) and the DPM.
      2.   The combined area of the front yard or street side yard that can be improved for driveways and parking areas in the R-1, R-T, R-ML, and R-MH zone districts shall be limited pursuant to Table 5-5-6.
 
Table 5-5-6: Maximum Front and Street Side Yard Parking Area
Lot Size (sq. ft.)
Maximum Front and Street Side Yard Parking Area
<2,200
400 sq. ft. or <85%, whichever is greater
>2,200 and <5,000
400 sq. ft. or <75%, whichever is greater
>5,000
400 sq. ft. or <60%, whichever is greater
 
      3.   Carports
         a.   Where carports are allowed pursuant to this Subsection 3, they shall not extend into any required clear sight triangle.
         b.   In the R-A, R-1, R-T, R-ML, R-MH, and MX-T zone districts, no carport wall may be built within the required front or side setback area unless a Permit – Carport is approved pursuant to Subsection 14-16-6-6(G).
         c.   In the R-A, R-1, R-T, R-ML, R-MH, and MX-T zone districts, no portion a carport structure may be located within 3 feet of a lot line.
         d.   Carports are prohibited within any front yard in the following small areas:
            i.   Downtown Neighborhood Area – CPO-3
            ii.   Monte Vista and College View Historic District
 
      4.   In Centers and Corridor areas identified in the ABC Comp Plan, as amended, tandem parking is allowed. A tandem parking space may be counted toward off-street parking requirements provided that both spaces are leased to, allocated to, or otherwise under the control of the same party.
   5-5(F)(2)(b)   All Other Uses
      1.   Public parking areas shall be designed so that vehicles do not have to back out of the parking area onto a public street.
      2.   The primary vehicular access to a parking area shall be from a side street or alley, where alleys are platted and in use. If an alley is used for parking area access, the alley area may be included in the calculation of circulation and maneuvering areas.
      3.   Vehicular access to a primary non-residential use shall be located to avoid the need for traffic from a collector or arterial street to use a local street for more than 150 feet to access the lot containing the non-residential use.
      4.   Vertically stacked tandem parking using lift equipment may be used to meet minimum off-street parking requirements in any zone district provided that the parking structure is attended with a lift operator at all times.
      5.   Fire and emergency access to and through parking areas shall comply with Article 14-2 of ROA 1994 (Fire Code).
      6.   In the MX-H and MX-FB zone districts, no portion of a vehicle driving lane shall be located in the area directly between the front façade of the primary building and the front lot line.
      7.   Large Parking Lots
         a.   Parking areas, parking circulation, and access for a non-residential development with more than 100,000 square feet of gross floor area shall be designed based on a traffic study conducted at the applicant’s expense, covering anticipated traffic volumes, turning movements, trip generation, and parking demand.
         b.   Each parking lot containing 100 or more parking spaces, any of which are located more than 330 feet from the front façade of the building shall contain walkways designed to allow pedestrians to access the front door of the primary building without the need to walk through parking areas or cross driving lanes, as required by the DPM.
         c.   Each parking lot containing 100 or more spaces shall divide the parking lot into separate areas each containing less than 100 spaces that are separated from each other by 1 or more of the following:
            i.   Landscaped swales or other landscaped features (which shall count toward the amount of required site landscaping).
            ii.   Landscaped pedestrian paths not less than 20 feet wide.
            iii.   Driving lanes that do not contain parking spaces on either side.
            iv.   Primary or accessory buildings.
            v.   A distance of at least 100 feet (measured between the closest points in the 2 parking areas).
         d.   Each parking lot containing 200 or more spaces shall include bicycle pathways designed to provide a clear and convenient connection across or through vehicle circulation areas, as required by the DPM.
         e.   All parking lots shall meet the landscaping requirements in Subsection 14-16-5-6(F) (Parking Lot Landscaping).
   5-5(F)(3)   Technical Design Standards
   5-5(F)(3)(a)   All parking facilities shall comply with all applicable provisions in this IDO, including but not limited to those in Sections 14-16-5-3 (Access and Connectivity), 14-16-5-5(I) (Landscaping, Buffering, and Screening), 14-16-5-8 (Outdoor Lighting), and 14-16-5-9 (Neighborhood Edges), and applicable standards in the DPM.
   5-5(F)(3)(b)   Design and construction of surface parking areas shall also comply with all applicable standards in the DPM, including but not limited to those standards addressing the following topics:
      1.   Grading and drainage of parking areas.
      2.   Parking surface materials, including the use of pervious paving materials.
      3.   Allowed parking space overhangs of public rights-of-way, sidewalks, walkways, and landscaped areas, and the use and design of wheel stops and barriers to prevent overhangs and damage.
      4.   Marking of parking spaces.
      5.   Parking space and aisle dimensions.
   5-5(F)(4)   Historic Protection Overlay Zones
   In the HPO zones, all off-street parking and loading areas and garages shall be located toward the rear of the site to the maximum extent practicable, shall comply with the standards in all other portions of this Subsection 14-16-5-5, and shall comply with the additional standards applicable to that Historic Protection Overlay zone in this Section 14-16-5-5(F)(4). If there is a conflict between other parking standards in this Section 14-16-5-5 and the standards in this Section 14-16-5-5(F)(4), the standards in this Section 14-16-5-5(F)(4) shall prevail.
   5-5(F)(4)(a)   East Downtown – HPO-1 213
      1.   Parking areas shall not be located between buildings and the street. 214
      2.   Minimum parking lot setbacks:
         a.   From the front lot line: 30 percent of the lot depth.
         b.   From other street frontages: 10 feet.
         c.   From rear lot lines: 5 feet.
      3.   Vehicular access is allowed only from a side street or alley.
      4.   Parking structures shall have uses from Table 4-2-1 on the ground floor along at least 50 percent of the street-facing façade of the parking structure.
         a.   Where ground floor uses aren’t provided, opaque walls at least 3 feet high or vegetative screens at least 3 feet high at the time of planting shall be provided.
         b.   Walls provided pursuant to Subsection a. above may be part of the structure of the building or may be a separate wall constructed between the building and the sidewalk.
   5-5(F)(4)(b)   Eighth and Forrester – HPO-2
      1.   For single-family and two-family detached dwellings, circular driveways are prohibited.
      2.   Tandem parking is allowed in driveways for single-family and two-family detached dwellings provided that the tandem space is behind the required front setback. The tandem space may be counted in the calculation of required on-site parking driveways.
   5-5(F)(4)(c)   Fourth Ward – HPO-3
      1.   Parking and loading areas shall be located to the back of the site.
      2.   Parking and loading areas shall be located to minimize visibility from the street.
      3.   Parking on the street-facing side of corner buildings is prohibited.
   5-5(F)(4)(d)   Huning Highland – HPO-4
      1.   All parking areas with 6 or more parking spaces shall be divided with landscaped areas planted in accordance with Section 14-16-5-6 (Landscaping, Buffering, and Screening).
      2.   Parking areas shall be accessed primarily by alleys where physical conditions permit.
      3.   Tandem parking is allowed in driveways provided that the tandem space is behind the front yard setback. The tandem space may be counted in the calculation of required on-site parking.
      4.   Automobile headlights shall be screened from adjacent lots and from the street in accordance with Section 14-16-5-6 (Landscaping, Buffering, and Screening).
   5-5(F)(4)(e)   Old Town – HPO-5
   Off-street parking is not required, but any off-street parking shall comply with all provisions of this Section 14-16-5-5, excluding those special provisions applicable to other HPO zones.
   5-5(F)(4)(f)   Silver Hill – HPO-6
      1.   An alley shall serve as the primary access to parking and loading areas.
      2.   Tandem parking is allowed in driveways provided that the tandem space is behind the front yard setback. The tandem space may be counted in the calculation of required on-site parking driveways.
      3.   Existing driveways shall not be widened or expanded, and paving in the front yard setback other than for driveways is prohibited.
      4.   Parking areas with 6 or more vehicle parking spaces must include landscaped areas internal to the parking area complying with Section 14-16-5-6 (Landscaping, Buffering, and Screening).
5-5(G)   PARKING STRUCTURE DESIGN
   5-5(G)(1)   Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design (CPTED)
   Above-ground parking structures or portions of structures occupied by automobile parking shall be designed using the principles of CPTED so as to deter crime and to facilitate security measures and shall meet the following standards in addition to the other standards of this Section.
   5-5(G)(2)   Parking Spaces and Circulation
   Parking spaces and circulation shall meet technical standards in the DPM.
   5-5(G)(3)   Building Design Standards
   All parking structures that provide parking for multi-family dwellings, mixed-use development, and non-residential development shall comply with the following standards. These standards do not apply to any garage for low-density residential development.
   5-5(G)(3)(a)   Minimum and maximum setbacks for the parking structure are the same as those for the primary building.
   5-5(G)(3)(b)   No horizontal length of any façade shall extend longer than 40 feet without the inclusion of architectural elements such as decorative grillwork, louvers, translucent screens, alternating building materials, projection of lintels, portals, and other external features to avoid visual monotony. A change in color alone does not satisfy this requirement.
   5-5(G)(3)(c)   Each street-facing façade shall be designed to screen all parked vehicles to a height of 4 feet to conceal internal light sources when viewed from the public street.
   5-5(G)(3)(d)   The height of an accessory parking structure shall not exceed the height of the primary building it serves.
   5-5(G)(3)(e)   Where a parking structure is located beneath or within a primary building, loading docks shall be integrated into the parking structure.
   5-5(G)(3)(f)   For parking structures that occupy 75 percent or more of the street-facing façade of a building, any vehicular ingress/egress locations shall include a planter. 215
   5-5(G)(3)(g)   Where parking structures for multi-family residential development abut a street, the street-facing wall shall contain at least one opening of at least 5 feet in length for every 10 parking spaces on the ground floor. 216 217
   5-5(G)(4)   Centers, Main Street Areas, and Premium Transit Areas
   In all Centers identified in the ABC Comp Plan, Main Street areas, and Premium Transit areas, parking structures shall comply with the following standards in addition to those listed in Subsections (1), (2), and (3) above:
   5-5(G)(4)(a)   The ground floor street-facing façade of the parking structure shall have a minimum ground floor clear height of 10 feet for a depth of at least 30 feet from the property line abutting the street to allow for conversion to a pedestrian-oriented use when the market supports that use.
   5-5(G)(4)(b)   Parking structure ramps shall not be visible from any public street.
5-5(H)   OFF-STREET LOADING
   5-5(H)(1)   Number of Required Off-street Loading Spaces
   All non-residential uses with 25,000 square feet or more of gross floor area shall provide off-street loading spaces and related access and maneuvering areas pursuant to Table 5-5-7 and this Subsection 14-16-5-5(H).
 
Table 5-5-7: Off-street Loading Space Requirements
Zone District
Required Loading Spaces
Non-residential Zone Districts
Uses in the Lodging, Offices and Services, and Retail Sales categories
Minimum: 1 space / 50,000 sq. ft. ground floor GFA or part thereof
Maximum: 3 spaces
Other non-residential uses
Minimum: 1 space / 50,000 sq. ft. ground floor GFA or part thereof
Maximum: 2 spaces
All Other Zone Districts
All non-residential uses
Minimum: 1 space / building
 
   5-5(H)(2)   Location of Off-street Loading Spaces
   5-5(H)(2)(a)   Loading spaces shall be located on the same lot as the use it serves, unless Subsection (b) below applies.
   5-5(H)(2)(b)   Joint use of an off-street loading facility may be approved by the Planning Director provided that the applicant provides documentation demonstrating the adequacy of the facility to serve anticipated loading needs, and an executed agreement among the owners of the buildings or uses sharing the facility is submitted to and approved by the Planning Director.
   5-5(H)(2)(c)   Where a single customer entrance to a building is provided, customer loading areas shall not be located in front of the customer entrance or within 15 feet in any direction of the entrance.
5-5(I)   VEHICLE STACKING AND DRIVE-THROUGH OR DRIVE-UP FACILITIES
   The following standards apply to all uses that require vehicle stacking, including but not limited to a drive-through or drive-up facility, fueling station, or car wash, and to any facility or parking area where traffic flow is controlled by an entry gate, ticket booth, or guard house.
   5-5(I)(1)   Vehicle Stacking Spaces
   5-5(I)(1)(a)   Vehicle stacking spaces shall be integrated into the site layout and shall not interfere with site access points, access to parking or loading spaces or areas, or internal circulation aisles and shall comply with stacking space dimensions required by the DPM.
   5-5(I)(1)(b)   Vehicle stacking spaces shall be provided pursuant to Table 5-5-8 and other standards in this Subsection 14-16-5-5(I). Required stacking distances shall be measured from the end of the queuing lane or property line to the point of service, as specified in Table 5-5-8.
Table 5-5-8: Required Stacking Spaces
Activity
Minimum Required
Stacking Spaces,
per Establishment [1]
Measured from End of Queuing Lane To:
General
UC-MS
Table 5-5-8: Required Stacking Spaces
Activity
Minimum Required
Stacking Spaces,
per Establishment [1]
Measured from End of Queuing Lane To:
General
UC-MS
Bank or Automated Teller Machine (ATM)
4
3
Teller window / ATM
Light Vehicle Fueling Station
1
1
End of fuel pump island
Car Wash
3
2
Outside of washing bay
Restaurant 22
12
6
Pick-up window
Retail Store
4
3
Pick-up window
Other
Determined by the City Engineer based on anticipated demand
[1] Each stacking space shall be 20 ft. long unless specified otherwise in the DPM or by the City Engineer.
 
   5-5(I)(2)   Drive-through or Drive-up Facility Design
   5-5(I)(2)(a)   Drive-through lanes adjacent to public rights-of-way shall be screened by a landscape buffer area at least 6 feet wide containing a vegetative screen or wall constructed of a material similar in texture, appearance, and color to the street-facing façade of the primary building (but excluding exposed concrete masonry unit (CMU) block) at least 3 but not more than 4 feet tall. The landscape buffer area shall be provided on the public street side.
   5-5(I)(2)(b)   Audible electronic devices such as loudspeakers, automobile service order devices, and similar instruments shall not be audible beyond the property line of the site.
   5-5(I)(2)(c)   Drive-through service windows shall be angled at least 45 degrees from parallel with any abutting lot line of a Residential zone district so that it does not directly face the residential lot. 219
   5-5(I)(2)(d)   In UC-MS-PT areas and the MX-H zone district, no drive-through lanes shall be located between the front façade of the primary building and the front lot line or within a required street side setback, except on lots that meet at least 2 of the following criteria:
      1.   The lot is located on a corner.
      2.   The lot is 21,780 square feet (1/2 acre) or smaller.
      3.   The lot does not have vehicular access to the street that the front façade of the primary building faces.
   5-5(I)(2)(e)   In UC-MS-PT areas and the MX-H zone district, if a drive-through lane is allowed pursuant to Subsection 14-16-5-5(I)(2)(d), the drive-through lane shall be screened pursuant to Subsection 14-16-5-5(I)(2)(a), and enhanced pedestrian crossings, such as a raised crosswalk, shall be required where the drive-through lane crosses a pedestrian pathway to the primary entrance of the building.
   5-5(I)(2)(f)   Drive-through service windows and any associated order board shall be located at least 50 feet in any direction from any abutting Residential zone district or lot containing a residential use in a Mixed-use zone district.
   5-5(I)(2)(g)   Where abutting any Residential zone district or lot containing a residential use in any Mixed-use zone district, the edge buffering provisions of Subsection 14-16-5-6(E) (Edge Buffer Landscaping) shall apply.

 

Notes

197
197   2020 IDO Annual Update - Citywide Text Amendments – EPC REVIEW. EPC Recommended Condition #1.
198
198   2020 IDO Annual Update – Small Area Text Amendments – EPC REVIEW. EPC Recommended Condition #1.
199
199   2020 IDO Annual Update - Citywide Text Amendments – EPC REVIEW. EPC Recommended Condition #1. Revised editorially to use defined term “small area” for consistency.
200
200   2020 IDO Annual Update - Citywide Text Amendments – EPC REVIEW. EPC Recommended Condition #1. Revised editorially to use defined term “small area” for consistency.
5
201   2020 IDO Annual Update - Citywide Text Amendments – EPC REVIEW. EPC Recommended Condition #1. Revised editorially to use defined term “small area” for consistency.
6
202   2020 IDO Annual Update - Citywide Text Amendments – EPC REVIEW. EPC Recommended Condition #1.
203
203   2020 IDO Annual Update – Citywide Text Amendments – LUPZ REVIEW. Passed 5/12/2021 as Amendment A5 – Daytime Gathering Facility.
8
   2020 IDO Annual Update - Citywide Text Amendments – EPC REVIEW. See Council Services Memo. EPC Recommended Condition #1.
9
   2020 IDO Annual Update - Citywide Text Amendments – EPC REVIEW. EPC Recommended Condition #1.
10
   2020 IDO Annual Update - Citywide Text Amendments – EPC REVIEW. EPC Recommended Condition #1.
11
   2020 IDO Annual Update - Citywide Text Amendments – EPC REVIEW. See Council Services Memo. EPC Recommended Condition #1.
12
   2020 IDO Annual Update - Citywide Text Amendments – EPC REVIEW. EPC Recommended Condition #1.
209
209   2020 IDO Annual Update - Citywide Text Amendments – EPC REVIEW. EPC Recommended Condition #1.
210
210   2020 IDO Annual Update - Citywide Text Amendments – EPC REVIEW. EPC Recommended Condition #2.D.
211
211   2020 IDO Annual Update - Citywide Text Amendments – EPC REVIEW. EPC Recommended Condition #1.
212
212   2020 IDO Annual Update - Citywide Text Amendments – EPC REVIEW. EPC Recommended Condition #1.
213
213   2020 IDO Annual Update – Small Area Text Amendments – EPC REVIEW. EPC Recommended Condition #1.
214
214   2020 IDO Annual Update – Small Area Text Amendments – COUNCIL REVIEW. Moved from Subsection 14-16-3-4(C)(5)(b) to consolidate all parking regs for this HPO in one place.
215
215   2020 IDO Annual Update – Citywide Text Amendments – EPC REVIEW. See Exhibit 5-11(D). EPC Recommended Condition #4C. Moved editorially to the section on parking structure design and revised for clarity.
216
216   2020 IDO Annual Update – Citywide Text Amendments – EPC REVIEW. See Exhibit 5-11(D). EPC Recommended Condition #4C. Moved editorially to the section on parking structure design.
217
217   2020 IDO Annual Update – Citywide Text Amendments – LUPZ REVIEW. Passed 5/12/2021 as Amendment A15 – Technical Edits.
22
218   2020 IDO Annual Update - Citywide Text Amendments – EPC REVIEW. See Council Services Memo. EPC Recommended Condition #1.
219
219   2020 IDO Annual Update - Citywide Text Amendments – EPC REVIEW. EPC Recommended Condition #1.