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Section 2.  DEFINITIONS.
   (a)   "Anonymous Contribution" means a contribution received by a candidate or a Measure Finance Committee for which the contributor cannot be identified. Contributions received by a host pursuant to Section 4(j) of this Election Code shall not be considered anonymous contributions.
   (b)   "Board" means the Board of Ethics and Campaign Practices established pursuant to Article XII of this Charter.
   (c)   "Campaign Materials" means any published, printed or broadly distributed campaign advertising or communications such as newspaper advertisements, handbills, petitions, circulars, letters, radio or TV broadcasts, cable distributions, social media sites, websites, electronic or telephonic transmissions or similar written material used in a campaign by a candidate or a Measure Finance Committee.
   (d)   "Candidate" means any individual who has (1) obtained a nominating petition from the City Clerk pursuant to Section 4(c)1.D. of this Election Code for the office of Mayor or Councilor, (2) filed an affidavit on a form approved by the City Clerk, stating that he or she is a candidate for either the office of Mayor or City Councilor, (3) filed as a candidate for elected office as required by law, whichever first occurs, or (4) has received or solicited contributions or made expenditures of one thousand dollars ($1,000) or more or authorized another person or campaign committee to receive or solicit contributions or make expenditures of one thousand dollars ($1,000) or more for the purpose of seeking election to the office.
   (e)   "Candidate Finance Committee" consists of the candidate, the candidate's treasurer, and any person authorized either expressly or by implication by the candidate to participate in the solicitation, receipt, expenditure, or employment of contributions on behalf of the candidate. "Member of the Candidate Committee" means any such person.
   (f)   "Candidate's Treasurer" means the person who is appointed by a candidate to receive, keep and disburse all money which may be collected, received or disbursed by the candidate, the Candidate Finance Committee, or any of its members.
   (g)   "Contributions" means:
      1.   Monies, loans, debts incurred, obligations incurred, property in-kind, including the use thereof, or commercial or professional services:
         A.   Incurred or received by a candidate, the candidate's treasurer, the Candidate Finance Committee, or a member thereof on behalf of the candidate, or by a Measure Finance Committee or a member thereof on behalf of the Committee. For the purposes of this Subsection, a debt or obligation shall be considered incurred at the time authorization is given or contract made for the debt or obligation.
         B.   Not received by a person or entity named in Subparagraph A above, but expended or employed on behalf of a candidate or measure, where such monies, loans, debts incurred, obligations incurred, property in-kind, or commercial or professional services have been solicited or otherwise consented to by such committee or have been expended or employed in a manner or amount directed, authorized, either expressly, by implication, or consented to by such committee.
      2.   Contributions of property, including the use thereof, and contributions of commercial or professional services shall be attributed a cash value equal to their fair market value.
      3.   Notwithstanding the foregoing, none of the following shall be considered a contribution: a candidate's own services and property, other than cash; the use of a dwelling unit and residential premises incidental thereto for any campaign purpose and the provision of refreshments and entertainment in connection with such use; the services of the person who is performing the duties of the candidate's treasurer; and the use of vehicles for any campaign purpose other than in connection with the performance of a commercial or professional service.
      4.   The payment or waiver of legal fees to advise a candidate on compliance with campaign laws or regulations, and payment or waiver of legal fees or court costs to represent a candidate or candidate committee in any action reasonably related to the campaign or election in which the candidate or committee has been named as a defendant, are contributions that must be disclosed, but are not subject to any contribution limits in the Charter.
   (h)   "Early Voter" means a voter who votes in person before election day, and has not been issued an absentee ballot at the time the voter presents himself at an early voting location.
   (i)   "Election" means any City of Albuquerque municipal election.
   (j)   "Expenditure" means the payment or furnishing of money or anything of value or the incurring or repayment of indebtedness or obligation, by or on behalf of any person, candidate or political committee in consideration for any services, supplies, equipment or other thing of value performed or furnished for any reason, including support of or opposition to a candidate or political committee or for reducing the debt of a candidate or political committee. Notwithstanding any other provision of the Charter, for the purposes of Election Code and the Open and Ethical Elections Code, the payment of legal fees to advise a candidate on compliance with campaign laws or regulations, and the payment of legal fees or court costs to represent a candidate or candidate committee in any action reasonably related to the campaign or election in which the candidate or committee has been named as a defendant, are expenditures that must be disclosed, but are not subject to any expenditure limits in the Charter.
   (k)   "Measure" means any proposition submitted to a popular vote at an election, whether by initiative, referendum or recall procedure or otherwise.
   (l)   "Measure Finance Committee" means a political committee or any person or combination of two or more persons acting jointly in aid of or in opposition to the effort of anyone seeking to have their name placed on the ballot for city office, a petition to place a measure on the ballot pursuant to Article III of this Charter, voter approval or disapproval of one or more measures on the ballot and/or the election to, or recall from, office of one or more candidates for office when such person or people have accepted contributions in excess of $250 or make expenditures in excess of $250 for any of the purposes listed heretofore.
   (m)   "Person" means any individual, cooperative association, club, corporation, company, firm, partnership, joint venture syndicate, profit or nonprofit organization, or other entity.
   (n)   Notwithstanding any other provision of the Charter, for the purposes of Election Code and the Open and Ethical Elections Code, "Independent Expenditure" means any funds spent on Express Advocacy or Electioneering Communications that are made without the cooperation, consultation or coordination with, or at the request or suggestion of, a candidate, a candidate's authorized committee or an agent thereof. An Independent Expenditure may include materials already distributed to the public or broadcast by a candidate, the candidates authorized committee or an agent thereof.
   (o)   Notwithstanding any other provision of the Charter, for the purposes of Election Code and the Open and Ethical Elections Code, "Coordinated Expenditure" means any expenditure made with the cooperation, consultation or coordination with, or at the request or suggestion of, a candidate, a candidate's authorized committee or an agent thereof. Any expenditure that is coordinated within the meaning of this paragraph is an In-Kind Contribution to the candidate or candidate's committee with whom or with which it was coordinated and the candidate must report the Coordinated Expenditure as an In-Kind Contribution.
   (p)   "In-Kind Contribution" means a good or service, other than money, having monetary value not to exceed the limits set in Section 4 of Article XIII, but not including an individual who volunteers his own personal service. Professional services, including legal services, accounting services, consulting services and similar services provided directly from the professional to the Candidate are permitted, provided no single In-Kind Contributor exceeds the limits set in Section 4 of Article XIII. Notwithstanding the foregoing, a Candidate may accept unlimited In-Kind Contributions in the following areas: 1) legal services provided directly from attorneys for the purpose of providing legal advice to comply with election laws and public financing laws, 2) professional services provided directly from the professional, including attorneys, experts and consultants, for the sole purpose of participating in a proceeding under Section 8 of the Code of Ethics, Section 10 of the Election Code, and Sections 20 and 21 of the Open and Ethical Elections Code, and 3) office space. Such In-Kind Contributions shall be reported promptly.
   (q)   "Reporting individual" means every public official, candidate or treasurer of a campaign committee and every treasurer of a measure finance committee.
(Ord. 17-1993; Am. Ord. 45-2003; Am. Ord. 34-2006; Am. Ord. 44-2008; Am. Ord. 2012-033; Am. Ord. 2018-033; Am. Ord. 2019-003)