7.4.9.    PARKING DESIGN CRITERIA
   A.   Purpose
   These standards ensure that required parking is designed so that bicycles may be securely locked without undue inconvenience and will be reasonably safeguarded from intentional or accidental damage.
   B.   General Criteria
      1.   Parking and Maneuvering
         a.    parking may not impede on- pedestrian access. A clearance space of at least four feet in width must be provided for pedestrian access.
         b.   Each must be accessible without moving another .
         c.   Adequate maneuvering space must be provided behind all outdoor .
         d.   The must be hard surfaced and maintained in a smooth, durable, and well-drained condition. Stabilized decomposed granite is an acceptable surface material for .
         e.   Outdoor must be lighted so that they are thoroughly illuminated and visible from , , or during hours of use.
         f.    will be maintained in good condition and kept clear of trash and debris.
         g.    . and are permitted in provided the is separated from vehicular parking and drive areas by a barrier or is located a sufficient distance from vehicular uses areas to prevent damage to the parked bicycles. Examples of acceptable barriers include curbs, bollards, concrete planters, landscape buffers, or other suitable barrier devices. Striping in combination with other barrier devices is permitted.
      2.    Racks
       racks must comply with all of the following criteria: (See Figures 7.4.9-B and C for illustrative examples of these criteria.)
         a.    racks must be securely anchored to the ground, floor, wall, or ceiling;
         b.   The frame and one wheel can be locked to the rack with a high security, U-shaped lock if both wheels are left on the ;
         c.   A six feet long can be securely held with its frame supported so that the cannot be pushed or fall in a manner that will damage the wheels or components;
         d.   A single rack is designed and located to accommodate two bicycles;
         e.   Racks must not have sharp edges that can be hazardous to pedestrians, particularly individuals with visual disabilities. Artistic racks are acceptable provided they meet the criteria herein;
         f.   Each required short-term must be at least two feet by six feet;
         g.   A rack must be a minimum of two and one half feet from a wall or other obstruction; and,
         h.   An access aisle at least five feet wide must be provided between two rows of parking. The aisle width is measured between the lengthwise dimensions (i.e., six feet) of the between the two rows.
   C.   
   The purpose of is to encourage shoppers, customers, messengers, and other visitors to use bicycles by providing a convenient and readily accessible place to park bicycles.
      1.    must be provided in racks per Section 7.4.9.B.2 or lockers per Section 7.4.9.D.2.d.
      2.   Location
       must be:
         a.   Within 50 feet of each to a as measured along the most direct pedestrian access route (See Figure 7.4.9-A below).
Figure 7.4.9-A: Parking Location
            (1)   Exception
            The PDSD may allow to be more than 50 feet from a (s) based on a finding from the City of Tucson’s Coordinator or designee that the proposed location is consistent with best practices pertaining to siting short-term racks, particularly in regards to visibility, security, and convenience for bicyclists.
         b.   Located outside the (s);
         c.   Clearly visible from the , drives, and/or a (s); and,
         d.   Where have more than one or a has more than one , must be distributed so that at least one short-term is within 50 feet of each .
   D.   
   The purpose of is to provide employees, students, residents, commuters and others who generally stay at a for several hours, a secure and weather-protected place to park bicycles. Although long-term parking does not have to be provided on- , the intent of these standards is to allow parking to be within a reasonable distance in order to encourage use. must comply with the following criteria:
      1.   Location
       must be located on- or offsite within 300 feet of the . for multiple or and shopping centers should be distributed proportionately among the uses;
      2.   Security
      To provide security, must have controlled access. Examples include, but are not limited to:
         a.   Inside residential units;
         b.   Inside provided the parking does not create a safety hazard or impede pedestrian circulation and in an area that is visible from employee work areas or in a locked room;
         c.   In a room or an area by a fence that is eight feet high or connected floor-to-ceiling accessed by key, smartcard, or other secure method; or,
         d.   In that fully enclose the , resist tampering, are securely anchored, and constructed of durable materials, such as, but not limited to, steel. These lockers may be leased (keyed or smartcard) lockers or on-demand lockers (self-lock or smartcard) lockers.
      3.   Weather Protection
       must be covered to provide weather protection and may be provided inside , under roof overhangs or awnings, in , or within or under other . Where is not within a or locker, the cover must be permanent and at least seven feet above the floor or ground.
      4.   Signage
      Where is not within a and a key, code, or secure method is needed to access the parking facility, a sign must be provided instructing cyclists how access may be obtained.
      5.   Lighting
       not within a must be lit by overhead lighting.
   E.    Parking Figures
      1.   Examples of Acceptable Rack Design
      The following racks comply with the criteria of Section 7.4.9.B.2 and are provided for illustrative purposes only. Other rack designs may be used provided they comply with Section 7.4.9.B.2.
Figure 7.4.9-B: Bike Rack Design
      2.   Examples of Parking Layouts
      The following parking layouts comply with the criteria of Section 7.4.9.B.2 and are provided for illustrative purposes only. Other layouts may be used provided they comply with Section 7.4.9.B.2.
Figure 7.4.9-C: Parking Layouts