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The following sections and subsections of the 2018 International Mechanical Code adopted in this subchapter shall be amended, added, or deleted as follows. All other sections or subsections of the 2018 International Mechanical Code shall remain the same.
[A] 101.1 Title. These regulations shall be known as the Mechanical Code of the city of Sioux Falls, hereinafter referred to as “this code.”
[A] 101.2 Scope. This code shall regulate the design, installation, maintenance, alteration, and inspection of mechanical systems that are permanently installed and utilized to provide control of environmental conditions and related processes within buildings. This code shall also regulate those mechanical systems, system components, equipment, and appliances specifically addressed herein. The installation of fuel gas distribution piping and equipment, fuel gas-fired appliances, and fuel gas-fired appliance venting systems shall be regulated by the International Fuel Gas Code.
1. Detached one- and two-family dwellings and multiple single-family dwellings (town houses) not more than three stories high with separate means of egress and their accessory structures shall comply with the International Residential Code.
2. Mechanical systems in existing buildings undergoing repair, alterations or additions, and change in occupancy shall be permitted to comply with the International Existing Building Code.
[A] 103.2 Appointment. Not adopted by the city.
[A] 103.4 Liability. The building official, member of the board of appeals, or employee charged with the enforcement of this code, while acting for the jurisdiction in good faith and without malice in the discharge of the duties required by this code or other pertinent law or ordinance, shall not thereby be rendered civilly or criminally liable personally, and is hereby relieved from personal liability for any damage accruing to persons or property as a result of an act or by reason of an act or omission in the discharge of official duties.
This code shall not be construed to relieve or lessen the responsibility of any person owning, operating, or controlling any building or structure for any damages to persons or property caused by defects, nor shall the city, or its officers and employees, be held as assuming any such liability by reason of the inspections authorized by this code or any permits or certificates issued under this code.
[A] 103.4.1 Legal defense. Any suit or criminal complaint instituted against any officer or employee because of an act or omission performed by that officer or employee in the lawful discharge of duties and under the provisions of this code shall be afforded all the protection provided by the city’s insurance pool and immunities and defenses provided by other applicable state and federal laws and be defended by the legal representatives of the jurisdiction until the final termination of the proceedings. The code official or any subordinate shall not be liable for costs in an action, suit, or proceeding that is instituted in pursuance of the provisions of this code.
[A] 106.1 Where required. An owner, owner's authorized agent, or contractor who desires to erect, install, enlarge, alter, repair, remove, convert, or replace a mechanical system, the installation of which is regulated by this code, or to cause such work to be performed, shall first make application to the code official and obtain the required permit for the work. A permit is not required by a licensed mechanical contractor if an inspection as specified in Section 107 is requested and obtained for any mechanical work.
Exception: Where equipment and appliance replacements or repairs must be performed in an emergency situation, the inspection request shall be submitted within 48 hours after the replacement work is completed and before any portion of the appliance is concealed by any permanent portion of the structure.
[A] 106.5.1 Work commencing before permit issuance. Any person who commences work on a mechanical system before obtaining the necessary permits shall be subject to a $250 administrative fee in addition to the required permit fees.
[A] 106.5.2 Fee schedule. The fees for mechanical work shall be as indicated in the following schedule:
Through December 31, 2021, the following fees shall be charged for mechanical and fuel gas permits and inspections:
Table No. 1-A. Mechanical Permit Fees
Homeowner’s permit (plus the unit fee costs for the work to be inspected)
Unit Fee Schedule (Inspections)
1. Minimum inspection fee.
2. For the installation or relocation of each forced-air or gravity-type furnace or burner, including ducts and vents attached to such appliance.
3. For the installation or relocation of each floor furnace, including vent.
4. For the installation or relocation of each suspended heater, recessed wall heater, or floor-mounted unit heater.
5. For the installation, relocation, or replacement of each appliance vent installed and not included in an appliance permit.
6. For the repair of, alteration of, or addition to each heating appliance, refrigeration unit, cooling unit, absorption unit, or each heating, cooling, absorption, or evaporative cooling system, including installation of controls regulated by this code.
7. For the installation or relocation of each boiler or compressor or each absorption system.
8. For each air-handling unit to and including 10,000 cubic feet per minute (4,720 L/S), including ducts attached thereto.
9. For each air-handling unit over 10,000 cfm (4,720 L/S).
10. For each evaporative cooler other than portable type.
11. For each ventilating fan connected to a single duct.
12. For each ventilation system which is not a portion of any heating or air-conditioning system authorized by a permit.
13. For the installation of each commercial hood which is served by mechanical exhaust, including the ducts for such hood.
14. For the installation or relocation of each commercial, industrial, or domestic-type incinerator.
15. For each appliance or piece of equipment regulated by this code but not classed in other appliance categories, or for which no other fee is listed in this code.
16. For each fire damper, smoke damper, or combination fire/smoke damper.
17. Variable air volume (VAV) terminals.
Other Inspections and Fees
1. Inspections outside of normal business hours (minimum charge, one hour), per hour*.
2. Reinspection fees assessed under provisions of Section 107 (minimum charge, one hour), per hour*.
3. Inspections for which no fee is specifically indicated (minimum charge, one hour), per hour*.
4. Additional plan review required by changes, additions, or revisions to approved plans (minimum charge, one hour), per hour*
5. Appeals. Before the board takes any action, the party or parties requesting such hearing shall deposit with the secretary of the board, or his or her authorized agent, the sum of $65 to cover the approximate cost of the procedure. Under no condition shall the sum or any portion thereof be refunded for failure of the request to be approved.
6. Examination Fee. All classes per examination.
7. A mileage fee based on the current rate per mile authorized by the Internal Revenue Service shall be charged for any inspection occurring outside the city limits.
8. When a plan or other data is required to be submitted by SDCL 36-18 or when the building official requires submittal of plans, computations, or specifications in accordance with Section 106.3, a plan review fee shall be charged. The plan review fee shall be 25 percent of the mechanical portion of the building permit fee as shown on Table 1-B, Commercial Building Permit Fees, of § 150.017 of the Code of Ordinances of the city of Sioux Falls.
9. Bond Claims. An administrative fee shall be charged to cover the administrative cost of filing a claim.
10. Delinquent Accounts. The administrative authority may refuse inspections or may deny credit on accounts receivables that are delinquent.
11. Fee for late corrections. A $100 administrative fee may be charged for failure to correct violations within the time specified on a contractor’s correction report.
12. Fee for failure to request a required inspection. Where mechanical work is completed without a request for an inspection, an administrative fee of $250 may be charged.
* Or the total hourly cost to the city, whichever is greater. This cost shall include supervision, overhead, equipment, hourly wages, and fringe benefits of the employees involved.
Commencing January 1, 2022, the following fees shall be charged for permits and inspections:
Table No. 1-A. Mechanical Permit Fees*
Total Project Valuation
% of Project
$0.01 to $50,000.00
$0.01 to $5,000.00
$50,000.01 to $250,000.00
$5,000.01 to 25,000.00
$40 for the first $5,000, plus $6 for each additiona l $1,000 or fraction thereof, to and including $25,000
$250,000.01 to $500,000.00
$25,000.01 to $50,000.00
$160 for the first $25,000, plus $5.25 for each additional $1,000 or fraction thereof, to and including $50,000
$500,000.01 to $1,000,000.00
$50,000.01 to $100,000.00
$323 for the first $50,000, plus $4.50 for each additional $1,000 or fraction thereof, to and including $100,000
$1,000,000.01 to $2,500,000.00
$100,000.01 to $250,000.00
$548 for the first $100,000 plus $4.25 for each additional $1,000 or fraction thereof, to and including $250,000
$2,500,000.01 to $5,000,000.00
$250,000.01 to $500,000.00
$1,186 for the first $250,000, plus $4 for each additional $1,000 or fraction thereof, to and including $500,000
$5,000,000.01 to $10,000,000.00
$500,000.01 to $1,000,000.00
$2,186 for the first $500,000, plus $3.50 for each additional $1,000 or fraction thereof, to and including $1,000,000
$10,000,000.01 and up
$1,000,000.01 and up
$3,936 for the first $1,000,000, plus $3 for each additional $1,000 or fraction thereof
Other Inspections and Fees
1. Homeowner's permit.
2. Inspections outside of normal business hours (minimum charge, one hour), per hour.
3. Reinspection fees assessed under provisions of Section 108 of the International Mechanical Code (minimum charge, one hour), per hour.
4. When a plan or other data is required to be submitted by SDCL 36-18A or when the building official requires submittal of plans, computations, or specifications in accordance with Section 110, a plan review fee shall be charged. The plan review fee shall be 25 percent of the mechanical permit fee as shown on Table No. 1-B, Commercial Building Permit Fees, of § 150.017 of the Code of Ordinances of Sioux Falls, South Dakota.
5. Additional plan review required by changes, additions, revisions to approved plans (minimum charge, one hour), per hour.
6. Fee for late corrections. If corrections listed on an inspection report are not completed within the specified time, the inspector shall issue a correction order and assess a $100 administrative fee. The inspector shall also assess a reinspection fee.
7. Fee for failure to request a required inspection. Where mechanical or fuel gas work is completed without a request for an inspection, an administrative fee of $250 may be charged.
8. Board of appeals fees. Before any action is taken by the board, the party or parties requesting the hearing shall deposit with the secretary of the board or his or her authorized agent, the sum of $100 to cover the approximate cost of the procedure. Under no condition shall the sum or any portion thereof be refunded for failure of the request to be approved.
9. Examination fee; per examination
10. A mileage fee at the current rate per mile as established by the finance department shall be charged for any inspection occurring outside city limits.
11. Bond claims. An administrative fee shall be charged to cover the administrative cost of filing a claim.
*The Total Project Valuation of the project will be used when a building permit is issued.
**Or the total hourly cost to the city, whichever is greater. This cost shall include supervision, overhead, equipment, hourly wages, and fringe benefits of the employees involved.
The building official may refuse to issue permits or conduct inspections for any delinquent account.
[A] 106.5.3 Fee refunds. The code official shall authorize the refunding of fees as follows:
1. The full amount of any fee paid hereunder which was erroneously paid or collected.
2. Not more than 80 percent of the permit fee paid where work has not been done under a permit issued in accordance with this code.
3. Not more than 80 percent of the plan review fee paid where an application for a permit for which a plan review fee has been paid is withdrawn or canceled before any plan review effort has been expended.
The code official shall not authorize the refunding of any fee paid later than 180 days after the date of fee payment.
[A] 107.2 Required inspections and testing. It shall be the duty of the licensed mechanical contractor, or his designated mechanic doing the work authorized by a permit, or the homeowner holding the homeowner's mechanical permit to notify the mechanical inspector that such work is ready for inspection. The building official may require that every request for inspection be filed at least one working day before such inspection is desired.
The code official, upon notification from the permit holder or the permit holder's agent, shall make the following inspections and other such inspections as necessary, and shall either release that portion of the construction or shall notify the permit holder or the permit holder's agent of violations that must be corrected. The holder of the permit shall be responsible for the scheduling of such inspections.
1. Underground inspection shall be made after trenches or ditches are excavated and bedded, piping installed, and before backfill is put in place. Where excavated soil contains rocks, broken concrete, frozen chunks, and other rubble that would damage or break the piping or cause corrosive action, clean backfill shall be on the job site.
2. Rough-in inspection shall be made after the roof, framing, fire blocking, and bracing are in place and all ducting and other components to be concealed are complete, and prior to the installation of wall or ceiling membranes.
3. Final inspection shall be made upon completion of the mechanical system.
Exception: Ground-source heat pump loop systems tested in accordance with Section 1210.10 shall be permitted to be backfilled prior to inspection.
The requirements of this section shall not be considered to prohibit the operation of any heating equipment or appliances installed to replace existing heating equipment or appliances serving an occupied portion of a structure provided that a request for inspection of such heating equipment or appliances has been filed with the department not more than 48 hours after such replacement work is placed into operation or substantially completed, and before any portion of such equipment or appliances is concealed by any permanent portion of the structure.
[A] 108.3 Prosecution of violation. If the notice of violation is not complied with promptly, the code official shall request the legal counsel of the jurisdiction to deem the violation as a strict liability offense and institute the appropriate proceeding at law or in equity to restrain, correct, or abate such violation, or to require the removal or termination of the unlawful occupancy of the structure in violation of the provisions of this code or of the order or direction made pursuant thereto.
[A] 108.4 Violation penalties. Persons who shall violate a provision of this code or shall fail to comply with any of the requirements thereof or who shall erect, install, alter, or repair mechanical work in violation of the approved construction documents or directive of the code official, or of a permit or certificate issued under the provisions of this code, shall be guilty of an ordinance violation and be subject to administrative citations through the code enforcement process.
[A] 108.5 Stop work orders. Upon notice from the code official that mechanical work is being performed contrary to the provisions of this code or in a dangerous or unsafe manner, such work shall immediately cease. Such notice shall be in writing and shall be given to the owner of the property, or to the owner's authorized agent, or to the person doing the work. The notice shall state the conditions under which work is authorized to resume. Where an emergency exists, the code official shall not be required to give a written notice prior to stopping the work. Any person who shall continue any work on the system after having been served with a stop work order, except such work as that person is directed to perform to remove a violation or unsafe condition, shall be guilty of an ordinance violation and be subject to administrative citations through the code enforcement process.
[A] 109.1 Mechanical board of appeals and examiners. There is hereby created a mechanical board of appeals and examiners to hear and decide appeals of orders, decisions, or determinations made by the building official relative to the application and interpretation of the International Mechanical Code, International Fuel Gas Code, including Part V—Mechanical and Part VI—Fuel Gas of the International Residential Code, to determine that the provisions of these codes do not fully apply, to determine if an equally or better construction is proposed as an alternative, to review all prospective changes to the mechanical and fuel gas codes and to submit recommendations to the responsible official and the city council, to review licensing and test application determinations and to examine applicants for licensing, and to investigate matters brought to the board. It shall consist of five members qualified by experience and training to pass upon matters pertaining to mechanical design, construction, and maintenance and the public health aspects of mechanical systems referenced in the International Mechanical Code and the International Fuel Gas Code. Members shall be appointed by the mayor with the advice and consent of the council and shall hold office for a term of three years. The board shall adopt rules and procedures for conducting its business. All decisions and findings shall be provided in writing to the appellant with a duplicate copy provided to the building services division.
[A] 109.1.1 Limitation of authority. The mechanical board of appeals and examiners shall not have authority relative to interpretation of the administration of this code nor shall such board be empowered to waive requirements of this code.
[A] 109.2 Membership of board. Not adopted by the city.
[A] 109.2.1 Qualifications. Not adopted by the city.
[A] 109.2.2 Alternate members. Not adopted by the city.
[A] 109.2.3 Chairman. Not adopted by the city.
[A] 109.2.4 Disqualification of member. Not adopted by the city.
[A] 109.2.5 Secretary. Not adopted by the city.
[A] 109.2.6 Compensation of members. Not adopted by the city.
[A] 109.3 Notice of meeting. Not adopted by the city.
[A] 109.4 Open hearing. Not adopted by the city.
[A] 109.4.1 Procedure. Not adopted by the city.
[A] 109.5 Postponed hearing. Not adopted by the city.
[A] 109.6 Board decision. Not adopted by the city.
[A] 109.6.1 Resolution. Not adopted by the city.
[A] 109.6.2 Administration. Not adopted by the city.
[A] 109.7 Court review. Not adopted by the city.
201.3 Terms defined in other codes. Where terms are not defined in this code and are defined in the International Building Code, International Residential Code, International Existing Building Code, NFPA 70, International Fire Code, International Fuel Gas Code, or the Uniform Plumbing Code, such terms shall have meanings ascribed to them as in those codes.
Section 202—General Definitions. Add the following definition:
STRICT LIABILITY OFFENSE. An offense in which the prosecution in a legal proceeding is not required to prove criminal intent as a part of its case. It is enough to prove that the defendant either did an act which was prohibited or failed to do an act which the defendant was legally required to do.
301.2 Energy utilization. Heating, ventilating, and air-conditioning systems of all structures may be designed and installed for efficient utilization of energy in accordance with the International Energy Conservation Code.
301.11 Plumbing connections. Potable water supply and building drainage system connections to equipment and appliances regulated by this code shall be in accordance with the Plumbing Code.
304.10 Clearances from grade. Equipment and appliances installed at grade level shall be supported on a level concrete slab or other approved material extending not less than 1 1/2 inches (38 mm) above adjoining grade or shall be suspended not less than 6 inches (152 mm) above adjoining grade. Such support shall be in accordance with the manufacturer's installation instructions.
304.11 Guards. Guards shall be provided where various components that require service and roof hatch openings are located within 10 feet (3,048 mm) of a roof edge or open side of a walking surface and such edge or open side is located more than 30 inches (762 mm) above the floor, roof, or grade below. The guard shall extend not less than 30 inches (762 mm) beyond each end of components that require service. The top of the guard shall be located not less than 42 inches (1,067 mm) above the elevated surface adjacent to the guard. The guard shall be constructed so as to prevent the passage of a 21-inch-diameter (533 mm) sphere and shall comply with the loading requirements for guards specified in the International Building Code.
306.2 Appliances in rooms. Rooms containing appliances shall be provided with a door and an unobstructed passageway to the service area of the appliance measuring not less than 36 inches (914 mm) wide and 80 inches (2,032 mm) high.
Exception: Within a dwelling unit, appliances installed in a compartment, alcove, basement, or similar space shall be accessed by an opening or door and an unobstructed passageway measuring not less than 24 inches (610 mm) wide and large enough to allow removal of the largest appliance in the space, provided that a level service space of not less than 30 inches (762 mm) deep and the height of the appliance, but not less than 30 inches (762 mm), is present at the front or service side of the appliance with the door open.
306.5 Equipment and appliances on roofs or elevated structures. Where equipment requiring access or appliances are located on an elevated structure or the roof of a building such that personnel will have to climb higher than 16 feet (4,877 mm) above grade or floor level to access such equipment or appliances, an interior or exterior means of access shall be provided. Such access shall not require climbing over obstructions greater than 30 inches (762 mm) in height or walking on roofs having a slope greater than 4 units vertical in 12 units horizontal (33 percent slope). Such access shall not require the use of portable ladders. Where access involves climbing over parapet walls, the height shall be measured to the top of the parapet wall.
Permanent ladders installed to provide the required access shall comply with the following minimum design criteria:
1. The side railing shall extend above the parapet or roof edge not less than 30 inches (762 mm).
2. Ladders shall have rung spacing not to exceed 14 inches (356 mm) on center. The uppermost rung shall be not greater than 24 inches (610 mm) below the upper edge of the roof hatch, roof, or parapet, as applicable.
3. Ladders shall have a toe spacing not less than 6 inches (152 mm) deep.
4. There shall be not less than 18 inches (457 mm) between rails.
5. Rungs shall have a diameter not less than 0.75 inch (19 mm) and be capable of withstanding a 300-pound (136.1 kg) load.
6. Ladders over 30 feet (9,144 mm) in height shall be provided with offset sections and landings capable of withstanding 100 pounds per square foot (488.2 kg/m2). Landing dimensions shall be not less than 18 inches (457 mm) and not less than the width of the ladder served. A guard rail shall be provided on all open sides of the landing.
7. Climbing clearance. The distance from the centerline of the rungs to the nearest permanent object on the climbing side of the ladder shall be not less than 30 inches (762 mm) measured perpendicular to the rungs. This distance shall be maintained from the point of ladder access to the bottom of the roof hatch. A minimum clear width of 15 inches (381 mm) shall be provided on both sides of the ladder measured from the midpoint of and parallel with the rungs except where cages or wells are installed.
8. Landing required. The ladder shall be provided with a clear and unobstructed bottom landing area having a minimum dimension of 30 inches (762 mm) by 30 inches (762 mm) centered in front of the ladder.
9. Ladders shall be protected against corrosion by approved means.
10. Access to ladders shall be provided at all times. Catwalks installed to provide the required access shall be not less than 24 inches (610 mm) wide and shall have railings as required for service platforms.
11. Exterior access may be by means of a ladder which need not extend closer than 8 feet (2,438 mm) to finished grade.
12. When a new hatch is being used to access equipment or appliances on a roof or elevated structure, the handle or release must be on the same side of the roof hatch as the ladder or within 18 inches of the ladder.
Catwalks installed to provide the required access shall be not less than 24 inches (610 mm) wide and shall have railings as required for service platforms.
Exception: This section shall not apply to Group R-3 occupancies.
306.5.1 Sloped roofs. Where appliances, equipment, fans, or other components that require service are installed on a roof having a slope of greater than 3 units vertical in 12 units horizontal (25 percent slope) and having an edge more than 30 inches (762 mm) above grade at such edge, a level platform shall be provided on each side of the appliance or equipment to which access is required for service, repair, or maintenance. The platform shall be not less than 30 inches (762 mm) in any dimension and shall be provided with guards. The guards shall extend not less than 42 inches (1,067 mm) above the platform, shall be constructed so as to prevent the passage of a 21-inch-diameter (533 mm) sphere, and shall comply with the loading requirements for guards specified in the International Building Code. Access shall not require walking on roofs having a slope greater than 4 units vertical in 12 units horizontal (33 percent slope).
Where access involves obstructions greater than 30 inches (762 mm) in height, such obstructions shall be provided with ladders installed in accordance with Section 306.5 or stairways installed in accordance with the requirements specified in the International Building Code in the path of travel to and from appliances, fans, or equipment requiring service.
312.1 Load calculations. When deemed necessary by the mechanical inspector, heating and cooling system design loads for the purpose of sizing systems, appliances, and equipment shall be determined in accordance with the procedures described in the ASHRAE/ACCA Standard 183. Alternatively, design loads shall be determined by an approved equivalent computation procedure, using the design parameters specified in Chapter 3 [CE] of the International Energy Conservation Code.
401.4 Intake opening location. Air intake openings shall comply with all of the following:
1. Intake openings shall be located not less than 10 feet (3,048 mm) from lot lines or buildings on the same lot.
2. Mechanical and gravity outdoor air intake openings shall be located not less than 10 feet (3,048 mm) horizontally from any hazardous or noxious contaminant source, such as vents, streets, alleys, parking lots, and loading docks, except as specified in Item 3 or Section 501.3.1. Outdoor air intake openings shall be permitted to be located less than 10 feet (3,048 mm) horizontally from streets, alleys, parking lots, and loading docks provided that the openings are located not less than 25 feet (7,620 mm) vertically above such locations. Where openings front on a street or public way, the distance shall be measured from the centerline of the street or public way.
3. Intake openings shall be located not less than 3 feet (914 mm) below contaminant sources where such sources are located within 10 feet (3,048 mm) of the opening.
4. Intake openings on structures in flood hazard areas shall be at or above the elevation required by Section 1612 of the International Building Code for utilities and attendant equipment.
403.3.2.1.1 Outside air supplied direct to habitable spaces. When outdoor air is supplied directly to habitable spaces, it shall be tempered to a minimum of 40°F at the local ASHRAE 99.6 percent heating design temperature.
403.3.2.1.2 Outdoor air supplied to forced air supply systems. When outdoor air is supplied to a forced air system, the mixed air temperature shall not be less than allowed by the heating equipment manufacturer's installation instructions. The system's blower shall be in operation whenever the whole-house ventilation system is in operation. No interlock with an exhaust fan is required when outdoor air is supplied to a forced air system.
403.3.2.1.3 Passive outdoor air. Outdoor air shall be allowed to be transferred into a dwelling when the outdoor air and exhaust terminations are separated with one on the uppermost level and one on the lowest level of the dwelling. For single level dwellings, the outdoor air and exhaust terminations shall be separated by one-half the diagonal dimension of the largest room. Such outdoor air shall circulate through the dwelling from the outdoor air termination to the exhaust termination through permanent openings. Supply, return, and transfer ducts, open stairwells, or wall openings shall be considered permanent openings. The outdoor air intake duct shall be sized in accordance with Table 403.3.2.1 and air shall not be required to be tempered.
PASSIVE MAKEUP AIR DUCT SIZE
PASSIVE DUCT SIZE
EXHAUST FAN CFM
403.3.2.1.4 Fans. Fans used as part of the whole-house ventilation system shall be certified by the equipment manufacturer to be capable of continuous operation at the maximum fan-rated CFM. Surface-mounted fans shall have a sound rating of 1.0 sone or less. Fans used as whole-house ventilation fans shall be clearly marked at rough-in inspection as such.
403.3.2.1.5 Motorized dampers. Motorized dampers shall be installed in outdoor intake ducts and shall be interlocked with whole-house ventilation fan(s). Gravity or motorized dampers shall be installed in exhaust ducts.
403.3.2.1.6 System controls. The whole-house mechanical ventilation system shall be provided with controls that enable manual override. The controls shall be labeled "Whole-House Ventilation System" and shall be located near the thermostat or in the mechanical room. For whole- house ventilation fans which also function as bathroom exhaust fans, a local control switch shall be required in the bathroom to allow operation of the fan when the whole-house ventilation system is switched off.
Exception: Listed HRV/ERV systems shall be installed in accordance with the manufacturer's installation instructions. The distance between the exhaust and inlet termination of an individual system shall be allowed to be in accordance with the equipment manufacturer's instructions. HRV/ERVs shall be capable of balanced airflow operation at the ASHRAE 99.6 percent heating design temperature. Unit cycling for defrost is allowed.
MINIMUM REQUIRED LOCAL EXHAUST RATES
FOR GROUP R-2, R-3 AND R-4 OCCUPANCIES
FOR GROUP R-2, R-3 AND R-4 OCCUPANCIES
AREA TO BE EXHAUSTED
Mechanical exhaust capacity of 50 cfm intermittent or 20 cfm continuous
501.3.1 Location of exhaust outlets. The termination point of exhaust outlets and ducts discharging to the outdoors shall be located with the following minimum distances:
1. For ducts conveying explosive or flammable vapors, fumes, or dusts: 30 feet (9,144 mm) from property lines; 10 feet (3,048 mm) from operable openings into buildings; 6 feet (1,829 mm) from exterior walls and roofs; 30 feet (9,144 mm) from combustible walls and operable openings into buildings which are in the direction of the exhaust discharge; 10 feet (3,048 mm) above adjoining grade.
2. For other product-conveying outlets: 10 feet (3,048 mm) from the property lines; 3 feet (914 mm) from exterior walls and roofs; 10 feet (3,048 mm) from operable openings into buildings; 10 feet (3,048 mm) above adjoining grade.
3. For all environmental air exhaust: 3 feet (914 mm) from property lines; 3 feet (914 mm) from operable openings into buildings for all occupancies other than Group U; and 10 feet (3,048 mm) from mechanical air intakes. Such exhaust shall not be considered hazardous or noxious.
1. Bathroom exhaust fans serving individual dwelling units or sleeping units in Group R occupancies may be 3 feet from property lines, operable openings, and mechanical air intakes.
2. Minimum clearances between the exhaust and intake openings of an HRV/ERV system shall be in accordance with the manufacturer's installation instructions.
4. Exhaust outlets serving structures in flood hazard areas shall be installed at or above the elevation required by Section 1612 of the International Building Code for utilities and attendant equipment.
5. For specific systems, see the following sections:
5.1. Clothes dryer exhaust, Section 504.4.
5.2. Kitchen hoods and other kitchen exhaust equipment, Sections 506.3.13, 506.4, and 506.5.
5.3. Dust stock and refuse conveying systems, Section 511.2.
5.4. Subslab soil exhaust systems, Section 512.4.
5.5. Smoke control systems, Section 513.10.3.
5.6. Refrigerant discharge, Section 1105.7.
5.7. Machinery room discharge, Section 1105.6.1.
504.4 Exhaust installation. Dryer exhaust ducts for clothes dryers shall terminate on the outside of the building not less than 5 feet (1524 mm) from any intake opening and shall be equipped with a backdraft damper. Screens shall not be installed at the duct termination. Ducts shall not be connected or installed with sheet metal screws or other fasteners that will obstruct the exhaust flow. Clothes dryer exhaust ducts shall not be connected to a vent connector, vent or chimney. Clothes dryer exhaust ducts shall not extend into or through ducts or plenums. Clothes dryer exhaust ducts shall be sealed in accordance with Section 603.9.
508.1.1 Makeup air temperature. The temperature of makeup air shall not be more than 10ºF (-12ºC) below the temperature of the air in the conditioned space.
1. Makeup air that is part of the air-conditioning system.
2. Makeup air that does not decrease the comfort conditions of the occupied space.
512.2 Materials. Subslab soil exhaust system duct material shall be air duct material listed and labeled to the requirements of UL 181 for Class 0 air ducts, or any of the following piping materials that comply with the plumbing code as building sanitary drainage and vent pipe: cast iron; galvanized steel; brass or copper pipe; copper tube of a weight not less than that of copper drainage tube, Type DWV; and plastic piping.
512.5 Identification. Not adopted by the city.
602.2.1.1 Wiring. Combustible electrical wires and cables and optical fiber cables exposed within a plenum shall be listed and labeled as having a peak optical density not greater than 0.50, an average optical density not greater than 0.15, and a flame spread distance of 5 feet (1,524 mm) when tested in accordance with NFPA 262 or shall be installed in metal raceways or metal sheathed cable. Combustible optical fiber and communication raceways exposed within a plenum shall be listed and labeled as having a peak optical density not greater than 0.5, an average optical density not greater than 0.15, and a flame spread distance not greater than 5 feet (1,524 mm) when tested in accordance with UL 2024. Only plenum-rated wires and cables shall be installed in plenum-rated raceways.
Exception: Alternate wiring systems located within a plenum serving an information technology equipment room are allowed per NFPA 70.
603.2 Duct sizing. Ducts installed within a single dwelling unit shall be sized in accordance with ACCA Manual D, the appliance manufacturer's installation instructions, or other approved methods. Ducts installed within all other buildings may be sized in accordance with the ASHRAE Handbook of Fundamentals or other equivalent computation procedure.
603.6.1.1 Duct length. Flexible air ducts shall be limited to 14 feet (4.3 m) in length.
603.6.2 Flexible air connectors. Not adopted by city.
603.6.2.1 Connector length. Not adopted by city.
603.6.2.2 Connector penetration limitations. Not adopted by city.
603.6.3 Air temperature. The design temperature of air to be conveyed in flexible air ducts shall be less than 250ºF (121ºC).
603.6.4 Flexible air duct clearance. Flexible air ducts shall be installed with a minimum clearance to an appliance as specified in the appliance manufacturer’s installation instructions.
603.8.2 Sealing. Ducts shall be sealed, secured and tested prior to concrete encasement or direct burial.
603.9 Joints, seams, and connections. All longitudinal and transverse joints, seams, and connections in metallic and nonmetallic ducts shall be constructed as specified in SMACNA HVAC Duct Construction Standards—Metal and Flexible and NAIMA Fibrous Glass Duct Construction Standards. All joints, longitudinal and transverse seams, and connections in ductwork outside the building thermal envelope, all return ducts located within 10 feet (3.05 m) of any appliance or all return ducts within a mechanical room, and all supply main trunk ducts and branch duct connections to the main trunk ducts shall be securely fastened and sealed with welds, gaskets, mastics (adhesives), mastic-plus-embedded-fabric systems, liquid sealants, or tapes. Tapes and mastics used to seal fibrous glass ductwork shall be listed and labeled in accordance with UL 181A and shall be marked "181 A-P" for pressure-sensitive tape, "181 A M" for mastic or "181 A-H" for heat-sensitive tape. Tapes and mastics used to seal metallic and flexible air ducts and flexible air connectors shall comply with UL 181B and shall be marked "181 B-FX" for pressure-sensitive tape or "181 B-M" for mastic. Duct connections to flanges of air distribution system equipment shall be sealed and mechanically fastened. Mechanical fasteners for use with flexible nonmetallic air ducts shall comply with UL 181B and shall be marked "181 B-C." Closure systems used to seal all ductwork shall be installed in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions.
Exception: For ducts having a static pressure classification of less than 2 inches of water column (500 Pa), additional closure systems shall not be required for continuously welded joints and seams and locking-type joints and seams. This exception shall not apply to snap-lock and button-lock type joints and seams located outside the conditioned spaces.
[F] 606.4.1 Supervision. The duct smoke detectors shall be connected to a fire alarm system where a fire alarm system is required by Section 907.2 of the International Fire Code. The actuation of a duct smoke detector shall activate a visible and audible supervisory signal at a constantly attended location. In facilities that are required to be monitored by a supervising station, duct smoke detectors shall report only as a supervisory signal, not as a fire alarm. Duct smoke detectors installed more than 10 feet (3.1 m) above a finished floor, above a ceiling, or on a rooftop shall be installed with remote test/indicators in an approved location below and in proximity to the unit served.
1. The supervisory signal at a constantly attended location is not required where the duct smoke detector activates the building's alarm-indicating appliances.
2. In occupancies not required to be equipped with a fire alarm system, actuation of a smoke detector shall activate a visible and audible signal in an approved location. Duct smoke detector trouble conditions shall activate a visible or audible signal in an approved location and shall be identified as air duct detector trouble.
(1992 Code, § 11-32) (Ord. 10-92, passed 2-3-1992; Ord. 42-93, passed 5-3-1993; Ord. 94-93, passed 12-6-1993; Ord. 94-93, passed 12-6-1993; Ord. 75-95, passed 6-5-1995; Ord. 116-96, passed 10-7-1996; Ord. 93-97, passed 12-15-1997; Ord. 15-98, passed 2-2-1998; Ord. 115-01, passed 12-10-2001; Ord. 24-04, passed 3-1-2004; Ord. 27-05, passed 3-21-2005; Ord. 31-07, passed 2-20-2007; Ord. 105-08, passed 8-18-2008; Ord. 19-10, passed 3-1-2010; Ord. 103-12, passed 12-18-2012; Ord. 128-15, passed 12-15-2015; Ord. 27-19, passed 3-19-2019; Ord. 74-21, passed 7-6-2021)