15-1-1: Short Title
15-1-2: Adoption Of State Traffic Code
15-1-3: Traffic Code Controlling
15-1-4: Definitions
15-1-5: Obedience To Traffic Code
15-1-6: Penalty
15-1-1: SHORT TITLE:
   This title and all amendments hereto may be cited or referred to as the TRAFFIC CODE, CITY OF SEMINOLE, and may so appear upon all official documents, records or instruments. (2000 Code § 15-101)
   There is adopted by reference and made a part of this section all of the provisions of chapters 10, 11, 12, 13, and 14 of the state highway safety code, all as found in title 47 1 , a copy of which is on file in the office of the city clerk for public use, inspection and examination. All of these provisions are made a part of the traffic ordinances of the city. All of the provisions found in these chapters are hereby vitalized as provided in the laws by this section, specific reference to which is hereby made, as well as all subsequent amendments to the laws, and all of the laws as well as amendments thereto shall be in full force and effect within the city insofar as the laws are not modified by other provisions in this title or amendments thereto. (2000 Code § 15-104; amd. Ord. 1077, 3-11-2008, eff. 4-10-2008)
   Except as specifically provided by law as set forth in this title, the traffic code shall be controlling in the use of city streets, alleys, thoroughfares, parks, parkways or any other public rights of way or city owned land, by pedestrians and by vehicles of every kind whether self-propelled or otherwise and whether moving or at rest. (2000 Code § 15-102)
   As used in this title:
   ALLEY: Any narrow highway ordinarily located in the interior portion of platted blocks and ordinarily used for service or delivery purposes at the rear of stores, dwellings, or buildings.
   AMBULANCE: A motor vehicle constructed, reconstructed or arranged for the purpose of transporting ill, sick, or injured persons.
   BICYCLE: A device upon which any person or persons may ride, propelled solely by human power through a belt, chain, or gears, and having two (2) or more wheels, excluding mopeds.
   BUS: Every motor vehicle designed for carrying more than ten (10) passengers and used for the transportation of persons, and every motor vehicle, other than a taxicab, designed and used for the transportation of persons for compensation.
   BUSINESS DISTRICT: The territory contiguous to, and including a highway if there are buildings within six hundred feet (600') of the highway in use for business or industrial purposes, including, but not limited to, hotels, banks, or office buildings, railroad stations, and public buildings which occupy at least three hundred feet (300') of frontage on one side or three hundred feet (300') collectively on both sides of the highway.
   CENTER LANE: Any clearly marked center lane. If the center lane is not marked and no cars are parked on the roadway, then the center lane is equally distanced between the curbs or traveled portion of the roadway. In the event a vehicle or vehicles are parked on one side of the roadway only, then the center lane is equally distanced from the side of the parked vehicle or vehicles toward the street and curb on the opposite roadway. If vehicles be parked on each side of the roadway, then the center lane is equally distanced from the edges of the parked vehicles.
   COMMERCIAL VEHICLES: Every vehicle designed, maintained, or used primarily for the transportation of property.
   CONTROLLED ACCESS HIGHWAY: Every highway, street or roadway in respect to which owners or occupants of abutting lands and other persons have no legal right of access to or from the same except at such points only and in such manner as may be determined by the public authority having jurisdiction over such highway, street or roadway.
   CROSSWALK: That part of a roadway at an intersection included within the connections of the lateral lines of the sidewalks on opposite sides of the street measured from the curbs; or in the absence of curbs from the edges of the traversable roadway. "Crosswalk" also means any portion of a roadway at an intersection or elsewhere distinctly indicated for pedestrian crossing by lines or other markings on the surface.
   DAYTIME: One-half (1/2) hour before sunrise to one-half (1/2) hour after sunset. "Nighttime" means at any other hours.
DOUBLE PARK: Parking or stopping a vehicle on the roadway side of another vehicle already parked adjacent to the edge or curbing of the roadway.
   DRIVER OR OPERATOR: Every person who operates, drives or is in actual physical control of a motor vehicle or who is exercising control over or steering a vehicle being towed by a motor vehicle.
   EMERGENCY: An unforeseeable occurrence of temporary duration causing or resulting in an abnormal increase in traffic volume, cessation or stoppage of traffic movement, or creation of conditions hazardous to normal traffic movement, including fire, storm, accident, riot, or spontaneous assembly of large numbers of pedestrians in such a manner as to impede the flow of traffic.
   EMERGENCY VEHICLE: Vehicles of the fire department, police vehicles and ambulances.
   GROSS WEIGHT: The weight of a vehicle plus the weight of any load thereon.
   HIGHWAY: See definition of Street Or Highway.
   INTERSECTION: A. The area embraced within the prolongation or connection of the lateral curb lines, or, if none, then the lateral boundary lines of the roadway of two (2) streets, which join one another at, or approximately at, right angles, or the area within which vehicles traveling upon different streets join at any other angle, may come in conflict; or
   B.   Where a street includes two (2) roadways thirty feet (30') or more apart, then every crossing of each roadway of such divided street by an intersecting street shall be regarded as a separate intersection. In the event such intersecting street also includes two (2) roadways thirty feet (30') or more apart, then every crossing of two (2) roadways of such streets shall be regarded as separate intersections.
   LANED ROADWAY: A roadway which is divided into two (2) or more clearly marked lanes for vehicular traffic.
   LIMIT LINES: Boundaries of parking areas, loading zones and nontraffic areas and lines indicating the proper place for stopping where stops are required.
   LIMITED ACCESS HIGHWAY: See definition of Controlled Access Highway.
   LOADING ZONE: A space adjacent to a curb reserved for the exclusive use of vehicles during the loading or unloading of passengers or material. A "freight curb loading zone" is a loading zone for the exclusive use of vehicles during the loading or unloading of freight; a "passenger curb loading zone" is a loading zone for the exclusive use of vehicles during the loading or unloading of passengers.
   MOTOR VEHICLE: Any vehicle which is self-propelled, not including implements of husbandry, electric personal assistive mobility devices, motorized wheelchairs, or vehicles moved solely by human or animal power.
   MOTORCYCLE, MOTOR SCOOTER, AND MOTOR BICYCLE: A motor vehicle, other than a tractor, having a seat or saddle for the use of the driver and designed to travel on not more than three (3) wheels in contact with the ground.
   OFFICIAL TIME: Whenever certain hours are named herein, they shall mean Central Standard Time, or Central Daylight Saving Time, as may be in current use in the city.
   OFFICIAL TRAFFIC CONTROL DEVICE: All signs, barricades, signals, markings, and devices not inconsistent with this title, placed or erected by authority of a public body or official having jurisdiction, for the purpose of regulating, warning, or guiding traffic.
   PARK OR PARKING: The standing of a vehicle whether occupied or not, otherwise than temporarily for the purpose of, and while actually engaged in, loading or unloading merchandise or passengers, provided such loading is in an authorized place.
   PEDESTRIAN: Any person afoot.
   POLICE OFFICER: Every officer of the municipal police department, or any officer authorized to direct or regulate traffic, or to make arrests for violation of traffic regulations.
   PRIVATE ROAD OR ROADWAY: A way or place in private ownership and used for vehicular traffic by the owner and those having express or implied permission from the owner but not by other persons.
   RAILROAD: A carrier of persons or property upon cars other than streetcars operated upon stationary rails.
   RAILROAD SIGN OR RAILROAD SIGNAL: Any sign, signal, or device erected by authority of a public official or by a railroad and intended to give notice of the presence of railroad tracks or the approach of a railroad train.
   RAILROAD TRAIN: A steam engine, electric or other motor, with or without cars coupled thereto, operated upon rails, except streetcars.
   RESIDENCE DISTRICT: The territory contiguous to and including a highway not comprising a business district when the property on such highway for a distance of three hundred feet (300') or more is in the main improved with residences or residences and buildings in use for business.
   RIGHT OF WAY: The privilege of the immediate use of the roadway.
   ROADWAY: That portion of a street improved, designed, ordinarily used for vehicular travel, exclusive of the shoulders. In the event a street includes two (2) or more separate roadways, the term "roadway", as used herein, shall refer to any such roadway, separately, but not to all such roadways, collectively.
   SAFETY ZONE: The area or space officially set apart within a roadway for the exclusive use of pedestrians and which is protected or is so marked or indicated by adequate signs as to be plainly visible at all times, while set apart as a safety zone.
   SCHOOL BUS: Every motor vehicle owned by a public governmental agency and operated for the transportation of children to or from school or privately owned and operated for compensation for the transportation of children to or from school.
   SCHOOL ZONE: All streets or portions of streets immediately adjacent to a school, or school ground, where same is adjacent and for a distance of three hundred feet (300') in each direction.
   SHOULDER: The portion of the roadway contiguous with the traveled way for accommodation of stopped vehicles, for emergency use, and for lateral support of base and surface courses.
   SIDEWALK: That portion of a street between the curb lines or at lateral lines of the roadway and adjacent property lines, intended for use of pedestrians.
   STAND OR STANDING: Any stopping of a vehicle whether occupied or not.
   STOP: When required, shall mean the complete cessation from movement.
   STOP OR STOPPING: When prohibited, means any halting even momentarily of a vehicle whether occupied or not, except when necessary to avoid conflict with other traffic or in compliance with the direction of a police officer or traffic signal.
   STREET OR HIGHWAY: The entire width between the boundary lines of every way publicly maintained when any part thereof is opened to the use of the public for purposes of vehicular travel.
   THROUGH STREET OR HIGHWAY: A street or highway or portion thereof on which vehicular traffic is given preferential right of way, and at the entrances to which vehicular traffic from intersecting streets or highways is required by law to yield right of way to vehicles on such through street or highway in obedience to either a stop sign or a yield sign, when such signs are erected as provided by law.
   TRAFFIC: Pedestrians, ridden or herded animals, vehicles and other conveyances, either singularly or together, while using any highway or street for purpose of travel.
   TRAFFIC CONTROL SIGNAL: Any device, whether manually, electrically or mechanically operated, by which traffic is alternately directed to stop and proceed.
U-TURN: A turn by which a vehicle reverses its course of travel on the same street.
   URBAN DISTRICT: The territory contiguous to and including any street which is built up with structures devoted to business, industry, or dwelling houses situated at intervals of less than one hundred feet (100') for a distance of one-fourth (1/4) mile or more.
VEHICLE: Every device in, upon, or by which any person or property is, or may be, transported, or drawn, upon a highway or street, except devices moved by human power or used exclusively upon stationary rails or tracks. The term "vehicle" shall not include implements of husbandry, electric personal assistive mobility devices, or motorized wheelchairs. (2000 Code § 15-103; amd. Ord. 1077, 3-11-2008, eff. 4-10-2008)
   A.   It is an offense against the city for any person to do any act forbidden or to fail to perform any act required by this title.
   B.   It is an offense against the city for the parent of any child or for the guardian of any ward to authorize or knowingly permit any such child or ward to violate any of the provisions of this title.
   C.   It is an offense for any person to authorize or knowingly to permit any vehicle registered in his or her name to be driven or to stand or to be parked in violation of any of the provisions of this title. (2000 Code § 15-1401)
15-1-6: PENALTY:
   Every person violating any of the provisions of this title containing the traffic laws of the city shall be guilty of an offense and, upon conviction thereof, shall be fined or punished as provided in section of this code. (2000 Code § 15-1402)



1. 11 OS § 10-101 et seq.