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§ 4-08 Parking, Stopping, Standing.
   (a)   General provisions.
      (1)   Compliance with rules. No person shall stop, stand or park a vehicle, whether attended or unattended, other than in accordance with authorized signs, pavement markings, or other traffic control devices, unless necessary to avoid conflict with other traffic or in compliance with law or direction of any law enforcement officer or other person authorized to enforce these rules.
         (i)   Sign placement. For purposes of this 34 RCNY § 4-08, one authorized regulatory sign anywhere on a block, which is the area of sidewalk between one intersection and the next, shall be sufficient notice of the restriction(s) in effect on that block.
         (ii)   Pedicabs. No person shall park, stand, or stop a pedicab where a person is prohibited from parking, standing or stopping a vehicle in accordance with these rules.
      (2)   Stopping prohibited. When stopping is prohibited by signs or rules, no person shall stop, stand or park a vehicle, whether attended or unattended.
      (3)   Standing prohibited. When standing is prohibited by signs or rules, no person shall stop a vehicle, attended or unattended, except temporarily for the purpose of and while actually engaged in expeditiously receiving or discharging passengers.
         (i)   Dedicated use signs. Standing is prohibited when a dedicated use is specified by a sign, including but not limited to the following curb regulations: Commercial Vehicles Only, Truck Loading Only, Taxi Stand, Taxi Relief Stand, Authorized Vehicles Only, NYP License Plates Only, Doctor License Plates Only, For-Hire Vehicles Only, Ambulance Only, Ambulette Only, Medical Facility Only, Bus Layover Only, NYS Road Test Only, Flea Market Loading Only, Farmers Market Only, Waiting Line, Carshare Parking Only, Electric Vehicle Charging Only, or Parking Permitted.
      (4)   Parking prohibited. When parking is prohibited by signs or rules, no person shall stop a vehicle, attended or unattended, except temporarily for the purpose of and while expeditiously receiving or discharging passengers or loading of unloading property to or from the curb.
      (5)   Vehicles prohibited on berms and shoulders. Stopping, parking or operating a motor vehicle is prohibited on the berm or shoulder adjacent to a parkway or a highway as specified in 34 RCNY § 4-07(i), except for emergency purposes.
      (6)   Paper or other temporary signs. Any paper or other temporary signs posted by authorized agencies shall supersede all existing posted rules for the days and times specified.
      (7)   Holiday suspensions of parking rules.
         (i)   Major legal holidays. Except as provided in subparagraph (ii), of this paragraph, stopping, standing, or parking rules that are indicated on official signs shall be suspended on the days on which the following major legal holidays are officially observed by the City of New York: New Year's Day, Memorial Day, Independence Day, Labor Day, Thanksgiving Day, and Christmas Day. In addition, if New Year's Day, Independence Day or Christmas Day is officially observed on a day other than January 1, July 4 or December 25, respectively, then major legal holiday rules shall be in effect both on the official day of observance and on the traditional day of observance.
         (ii)   Exception. Parking, standing and stopping rules that are indicated on official signs shall remain in effect on the dates of both official and traditional observance of the above-listed major legal holidays only in areas where signs indicate that parking, standing and stopping rules are in effect seven days a week, provided, however, that the activation of meters that are required by posted sign to be activated seven days a week shall be suspended on major legal holidays pursuant to subparagraph (i).
         (iii)   Street cleaning rules suspended.
            (A)   Street cleaning parking rules are suspended on the days listed in subparagraph (i) of this paragraph, and on the following holidays: Yom Kippur, Rosh Hashanah, Ash Wednesday, Holy Thursday, Good Friday, Ascension Thursday, Feast of the Assumption, Feast of All Saints, Feast of the Immaculate Conception, first two days of Succoth, Shemini Atzereth, Simchas Torah, Shavuot, Purim, Orthodox Holy Thursday, Orthodox Good Friday, first two and last two days of Passover, Idul-Fitr, Idul-Adha, Asian Lunar New Year, on all state and national holidays, on the following additional legal holidays: Martin Luther King, Jr.'s Birthday, Lincoln's Birthday, President's Day, Columbus Day – observed, Election Day, and Veteran's Day, and on such other days as announced by the Commissioner or his/her designee.
            (B)   For the purposes of this subparagraph (iii), street cleaning parking rules shall mean those rules (a) on posted signs consisting of the letter "P" with a broom through it or (b) except as otherwise provided in item (D) of this subparagraph, on posted signs containing "No Parking" rules restricting parking on one day per week or on alternate days.
            (C)   "No Parking" street cleaning rules, located in parking meter zones, are suspended on the days on which street cleaning rules are suspended and on such other days as announced by the Commissioner or his/her designee. Suspension of street cleaning rules does not affect the requirement of activating the meter during the hours that such meter is in effect.
            (D)   Posted signs restricting parking for a period of six or more consecutive hours on one day per week or on alternate days are not street cleaning parking rules. However, such restrictions are suspended on the days that street cleaning rules are suspended.
      (8)   Disabled vehicles. A vehicle that becomes disabled must be pushed to the side of the road so that it obstructs traffic as little as possible, and must be removed expeditiously.
      (9)   Immobilization and towing of illegally parked vehicles.
         (i)   Time and manner of immobilization. Any illegally parked vehicle found parked at any time upon any public highway in the City may, by or under the direction of any person authorized by the Commissioner, be immobilized in such manner as to prevent its operation, and thereafter may be removed to a tow pound as provided in these rules; provided, however, that no such vehicle shall be immobilized by any means other than by the use of a device or other mechanism which will cause no damage to such vehicle unless such vehicle is moved while such device or mechanism is in place.
         (ii)   Notice. Notice of immobilization pursuant to this paragraph shall be placed in a conspicuous place on the vehicle. Such notice shall contain:
            (A)   a warning that any attempt to move the vehicle may result in damage to the vehicle; and
            (B)   the time, place and manner in which the vehicle may be redeemed.
         (iii)   Immobilization fee. The registrant of an immobilized vehicle which has not yet been removed to a tow pound pursuant to these rules, or any other person authorized by the registrant of such vehicle, may secure the release of the vehicle upon satisfaction of all parking summonses in judgment, if any, for which the registrant of the immobilized vehicle is liable and payment of an immobilization fee of $185.00.
         (iv)   Applicable rules. Where a vehicle has been both immobilized and towed, the owner shall be subject to both the immobilization requirements of this paragraph, and all applicable provisions of these rules.
         (v)   Right to immediate hearing. The registrant, title holder or operator of any vehicle that has been immobilized shall have the right to an immediate hearing during regular business hours at the Parking Violations Bureau in relation to the immobilization.
         (vi)   Removal fee. The fee for removal of illegally parked vehicles to a tow pound shall be determined in accordance with the following fee schedule. Said fee shall be payable before such vehicles are released.
            (A)   The removal fee for Regular Towing shall be $185.00 and shall apply to any vehicle that has a gross vehicle weight less than 6,500 pounds, that may be towed through the use of a single tow truck not weighing more than eight tons.
            (B)   The removal fee for Heavy Duty Towing shall be $370.00 and shall apply to any vehicle that has a gross vehicle weight of 6,500 pounds or greater, and/or requires either more than one tow truck or a single tow truck which weighs in excess of eight tons, in order to be towed.
         (vii)   Storage fee. In addition to the removal fee set forth in subparagraph (vi) of this paragraph (9), there shall be a storage fee of $20.00 for each day such vehicle remains in the possession of the city, up to and including the day such vehicle is released. Said fee shall be payable before such vehicle is released.
         (viii)   Vehicles not removed considered abandoned. Any vehicle which is not removed from city property within 10 days following the mailing of a request to remove it shall be deemed to be an abandoned vehicle pursuant to paragraph (d) of subdivision 1 of § 1224 of the Vehicle and Traffic Law and shall be disposed of by the Commissioner pursuant to such law. Such request shall be sent by certified or registered mail, return receipt requested, to the registered owner of the vehicle, at the address contained on the registration of such vehicle.
         (ix)   Release of vehicle in process of being removed. When a vehicle has been hooked to a tow truck in preparation for removal to a pound but the owner or other person lawfully entitled to possession of such vehicle appears and requests the release of such vehicle before the tow truck is in motion, such vehicle shall be unhooked and released, provided, however, that the person to whom such vehicle is released must execute a binding agreement consenting to pay the vehicle release penalty as set forth in subparagraph (x) of this paragrph (9) within thirty days from the date of such agreement and, in the event of non-payment, to the imposition of additional penalties in accordance with subparagraph (xi) of this paragraph (9); and provided further that such person present a current valid driver's license and either registration for the vehicle, title to the vehicle, insurance identification and keys for the vehicle, a rental agreement and keys for the vehicle in case of a rental vehicle, or company identification and keys for the vehicle in the case of a commercial vehicle.
         (x)   Vehicle release penalty. The penalty for the release of an illegally parked vehicle under the circumstances permitted by subparagraph (ix) of this paragraph (9) shall be $100.00 for illegally parked vehicles which meet the criteria contained in subparagraph (vi)(A) of this paragraph (9), and $200.00 for illegally parked vehicles which meet the criteria listed in subparagraph (vi)(B) of this paragraph (9). This fee is in addition to any other monetary fine(s) and penalty(ies) permitted by law for the underlying parking violation(s); provided, however, that in no event shall a vehicle release penalty be imposed if the underlying parking violation or, in the case of multiple parking violations, all underlying parking violations, is (are) dismissed by the Parking Violations Bureau.
         (xi)   Non-payment of vehicle release penalty. The Parking Violations Bureau may, in accordance with law, prescribe additional penalties for non-payment of the vehicle release penalty set forth in subparagraph (x) of this paragraph (9) and enter and enforce default judgements for such vehicle release penalty and additional penalties.
      (10)   Restricted area. The Parking Violations Bureau shall be authorized to establish a separate fine schedule for violations committed in the restricted area, as defined herein. Such fine schedule may be higher than the fine schedule for violations committed outside the restricted area. As used herein, restricted area shall mean all of Manhattan, south from the north building line on 96th Street but excluding all of Central Park.
      (11)   Emergency Food Delivery Program. Notwithstanding any other provision of these rules, the operator and owner of a vehicle designated by the City of New York and engaged in delivering free meals to a recipient of food pursuant to the emergency food delivery program established in Title 72 of the Rules of the City of New York shall be exempt from the parking and standing rules of this section while such operator is actually performing a delivery in such program, not to exceed 20 minutes. It shall be an affirmative defense to any summons issued for violation of such rules that the operator of the vehicle to which such summons was issued was engaged in the activity described in this paragraph, upon presentation by such operator of proof of such activity issued by the City of New York, and that such vehicle, at the time of the issuance of such summons, was parked or standing for 20 minutes or less.
   (b)   Violation of posted no stopping rules prohibited. When official signs, markings or traffic-control devices have been posted prohibiting, restricting or limiting the stopping of vehicles, no person shall stop, stand or park any vehicle in violation of the restrictions posted on such signs, markings or traffic-control devices.
   (c)   Violation of posted no standing rules prohibited. When official signs, markings or traffic-control devices have been posted prohibiting, restricting or limiting the standing of vehicles, no person shall stand or park any vehicle in violation of the restrictions posted on such signs, markings or traffic-control devices, except as otherwise provided herein:
      (1)   Taxi stand. No person shall stand or park a vehicle other than a taxi in a taxi stand when any such stand has been officially designated and appropriately posted except that the operator of a vehicle may only temporarily stand therein for the purpose of expeditiously receiving and discharging passengers provided such standing does not interfere with any taxi about to enter or leave such zone.
      (2)   Taxi and/or for hire vehicle relief stand. No person shall stand or park a vehicle other than a taxi or for hire vehicle in a relief stand when any such stand has been officially designated and appropriately posted. The operator of a taxi or for hire vehicle may park at such stand for no more than one hour.
      (3)   Bus stop. No person shall stand or park a vehicle other than an authorized bus in its assigned bus stop when any such stop has been officially designated and appropriately posted except that the operator of a vehicle may temporarily stand therein for the purpose of expeditiously receiving and discharging passengers provided such standing does not interfere with any bus about to enter or leave such stop. Notwithstanding the aforementioned, an authorized bus shall not park in an assigned bus stop when such stop has been officially designated and appropriately posted.
      (4)   Authorized vehicles. Except as provided in paragraph (8) of this subdivision, no person shall stand or park a vehicle that is not specifically authorized by a dedicated use sign defined in 34 RCNY § 4-01 and as provided in Subparagraph (i) of Paragraph (3) of Subdivision (a) of this section.
      (5)   Hotel loading zone. No person shall stand or park a vehicle in such zone except temporarily for the purpose of and while actually engaged in receiving or discharging passengers and their personal baggage at hotels.
      (6)   Commuter van stop. No person shall stand or park a vehicle other than a commuter van in a commuter van stop when such a stop has been officially designated and appropriately posted, except that an operator of such other vehicle may temporarily stand therein for the purpose of expeditiously receiving or discharging passengers provided such standing does not interfere with any commuter van about to enter or leave such stop.
      (7)   For-hire vehicle stand. No person shall stand or park a vehicle other than a for-hire vehicle in a for-hire vehicle stand when such a stand has been officially designated and appropriately posted, except that an operator of such other vehicle may temporarily stand therein for the purpose of expeditiously receiving or discharging passengers provided such standing does not interfere with any for-hire vehicle about to enter or leave such stand.
      (8)   Diplomatic and consular vehicles.
         (i)   Where a posted sign reads "No Standing Except Vehicles with Consul-C or Diplomat-A&D License Plates D/S Decals Only" or "Authorized Vehicles Only Consul-C Diplomat-A & D License Plates D/S Decals Only", no person may stand or park a vehicle in such area except as follows:
            (A)   a person may stand or park a vehicle in such area if such vehicle bears "A", "C" or "D" series license plates issued by the U.S. Department of State, such vehicle displays a valid non-transferable service vehicle decal issued by the City of New York that is affixed to the inside of the operator's side of the windshield, and such person is authorized to park or stand in a space in such area by the foreign mission or consulate that has been allocated such space by the Department; or
            (B)   a person may stand a vehicle temporarily (no more than thirty (30) minutes) in such area for the purpose of and while actually engaged in delivering, loading or unloading for official business if such vehicle bears "A", "C" or "D" series license plates issued by the U.S. Department of State, such vehicle displays a valid non-transferable delivery vehicle decal issued by the City of New York that is affixed to the inside of the operator's side of the windshield, such person is authorized to stand in a space in such area by the foreign mission or consulate that has been allocated such space by the Department, and a delivery is being made to such foreign mission or consulate.
         (ii)   Where a posted sign reads "No Standing Except Vehicles with Consul-C or Diplomat-A&D License Plates Delivery Decal Required 30 Minute Limit" or "Authorized Vehicles Only Consul & Diplomat License Plates Delivery Decal Required", no person may stand or park a vehicle in such area except a person may stand a vehicle temporarily in such area for the purpose of and while actually engaged in delivering, loading or unloading for official business if such vehicle bears "A", "C" or "D" series license plates issued by the U.S. Department of State and displays a valid non-transferable delivery vehicle decal issued by the City of New York that is affixed to the inside of the operator's side of the windshield.
      (9)   Parking Permitted. No person shall stand or park a vehicle other than on those day(s) and hour(s) specified on the posted sign, except temporarily for the purpose of and while actually engaged in receiving or discharging passengers.
   (d)   Violation of posted no parking rules prohibited. When official signs, markings or traffic control devices have been posted prohibiting, restricting or limiting the parking of vehicles, no person shall park any vehicle in violation of the restrictions posted on such signs, markings or traffic control devices, except as otherwise provided herein:
      (1)   Street cleaning. No person shall park a vehicle in violation of officially posted street cleaning rules, as defined in subsection (a)(7)(ii) of these rules, unless such rules have been suspended by the Commissioner or his/her designee pursuant to subsection (a)(7) of these rules.
      (2)   Reserved.
      (3)   No parking except parking permits for people with disabilities (off-street).
         (i)   No person shall park a vehicle in any off-street parking space designated for use by a parking permit for people with disabilities pursuant to § 1203-c of the Vehicle and Traffic Law, or designated by blue painted lines or markings displaying the international symbol of access unless:
            (A)   Such person is, or is transporting, a disabled permittee and displays a state special vehicle identification permit issued by the NYS Commissioner of Motor Vehicles, or
            (B)   Such vehicle is registered in accordance with § 404-a of the Vehicle and Traffic Law and is being used for the transportation of disabled persons, or
            (C)   Such vehicle displays a special license plate or parking permit issued by any governmental entity subject to the laws of the United States, or a foreign country for the purpose of granting special parking privileges to people with disabilities.
         (ii)   License plates or parking permits issued to people with disabilities by New York State or by any other state, district, territory or other governmental entity or foreign country shall be valid only in designated off-street parking areas. They are not valid in on-street parking areas.
      (4)   Official markings. When markings upon the pavement of a roadway designate a parking space, no person shall stand or park a vehicle in such designated parking space so that any part of the vehicle occupies more than one space or protrudes beyond the markings designating such a space, except that a vehicle which is of a size too large to be parked within a single designated parking space shall be parked with the front bumper at the front of the space with the rear of the vehicle extending as little as possible into the adjoining space to the rear, or vice-versa. Notwithstanding the above, no vehicle that is too long and/or too wide to be parked within a single designated parking space shall be parked in such a space which is designated for angle parking.
   (e)   General no stopping zones (stopping, standing and parking prohibited in specified places). No person shall stop, stand, or park a vehicle in any of the following places, unless otherwise indicated by posted signs, markings or other traffic control devices, or at the direction of a law enforcement officer, or as otherwise provided in this subdivision:
      (1)   Traffic lanes. In any lane intended for the free movement of vehicles, except a lane immediately adjacent to the curb, unless such lane is designated by signs as a traffic lane, and except as otherwise provided in subdivision (f), paragraph (1) below. In no instance shall a vehicle extend more than 8 feet from the nearest curb.
      (2)   Hydrants. Within fifteen feet of a fire hydrant, unless otherwise indicated by signs, or parking meters, except that during the period from sunrise to sunset if standing is not otherwise prohibited, the operator of a passenger car may stand the vehicle alongside a fire hydrant provided that the operator remains in the operator's seat ready for immediate operation of the vehicle at all times and starts the motor of the car on hearing the approach of fire apparatus, and provided further, that the operator shall immediately remove the car from alongside the fire hydrant when instructed to do so by any member of the police, fire, or other municipal department acting in his/her official capacity.
      (3)   Sidewalks. On a sidewalk.
      (4)   Intersections. Within an intersection, except on the side of a roadway opposite a street which intersects but does not cross such roadway and except as provided in paragraph (5), below.
      (5)   Crosswalks. In a crosswalk.
      (6)   Street excavations. Alongside or opposite any street excavation or obstruction when stopping, standing, or parking would obstruct any traffic lane.
      (7)   Tunnels and elevated roadways. Within a highway tunnel or upon an elevated or controlled access roadway when all lanes are normally available for moving traffic.
      (8)   Divided highways. Parking, standing and stopping are prohibited alongside the median dividing a highway into two or more separate roadways. However, alongside the medians of certain segments of such divided highways, the department may post signs restricting parking, standing and stopping alongside the medians of such segments only on specified days and/or hours. Wherever such signs are so posted on a segment of a divided highway, parking, standing and stopping are permitted alongside the median of such segment on the days and/or hours when parking, standing and stopping are not specifically prohibited by such signs. On segments of such highway where such signs are not posted, parking, standing and stopping alongside the median are prohibited at all times. For the purposes of this paragraph, a segment of a divided highway is the area of such highway between adjacent intersections.
      (9)   Bicycle lanes. Within a designated bicycle lane.
      (10)   Restricted use and limited use streets. On any street designated as a restricted use street or a limited use street as defined in 34 RCNY § 4-12(r)(4), except as otherwise provided in 34 RCNY § 4-12(r)(1).
      (11)   Major roadways. On the improved or paved roadway of any of the arteries set forth in 34 RCNY § 4-07(i), or on improved or paved roadways in a park or in parks, for the purpose of removing or replacing a flat tire, unless permitted by posted signs. For the purposes of this rule, a vehicle is considered to be on the improved or paved roadway unless the vehicle is completely off such roadway.
      (12)   Obstructing traffic at intersection. When vehicular traffic is stopped on the opposite side of an intersection, no person shall drive a vehicle into such intersection, except when making a turn, unless there is adequate space on the opposite side of the intersection to accommodate the vehicle the person is driving, notwithstanding the indication of a traffic control signal which would permit the person to proceed.
   (f)   General no standing zones (standing and parking prohibited in specified places). No person shall stand or park a vehicle in any of the following places, unless otherwise indicated by posted signs, markings or other traffic control devices, or at the direction of a law enforcement officer:
      (1)   Double parking. On the roadway side of a vehicle stopped, standing, or parked at the curb, except a person may stand a commercial vehicle alongside a vehicle parked at the curb at such locations and during such hours that stopping, standing, or parking is not prohibited, for no more than 20 minutes, while actively engaged in loading or unloading goods, tools, materials, or other items for the purpose of making pickups, deliveries or service calls, provided that there is no unoccupied parking space or designated loading zone on the same side of the street within the same block that can be used for such standing, and provided further that such standing is in compliance with the provisions of §1102 of the State Vehicle and Traffic Law. A person may stand a commercial vehicle along the roadway side of a bicycle lane provided all other conditions of this paragraph are met. No person shall double park a commercial vehicle when it blocks the only lane of travel in the same direction. No person shall stand, stop or park a vehicle on a street at any time in such a manner or under such conditions as to leave fewer than 10 feet of roadway width available for the free movement of vehicular traffic. No person may stand a commercial vehicle in or along the roadway side of a bus lane, unless otherwise indicated by posted signs, markings or other traffic control devices, or at the direction of a law enforcement officer or other person authorized to enforce this rule.
      (2)   Driveways. In front of a public or private driveway, except that it shall be permissible for the owner, lessor or lessee of the lot accessed by a private driveway to park a passenger vehicle registered to him/her at that address in front of such driveway, provided that such lot does not contain more than two dwelling units and further provided that such parking does not violate any other provision of the Vehicle and Traffic Law or local law or rule concerning the parking, stopping or standing of motor vehicles. The prohibition herein shall not apply to driveways that have been rendered unusable due to the presence of a building or other fixed obstruction and, therefore, are not being used as defined in 34 RCNY § 4-01(b).
      (3)   Parks. In any park between one-half hour after sunset and one-half hour before sunrise, except at places designated or maintained for the parking of vehicles.
      (4)   Bus lane. In any lane designated for the exclusive use of buses.
      (5)   Railroad crossings. Within fifty feet of the nearest rail of a railroad crossing.
      (6)   Safety zones. In a safety zone, between a safety zone and the adjacent curb or within thirty feet of points on the curb immediately opposite the ends of a safety zone.
      (7)   Pedestrian ramps. Alongside or in a manner which obstructs a curb area which has been cut down, lowered or otherwise constructed or altered to provide access for persons with disabilities at a marked or unmarked crosswalk as defined in subdivision (b) of 34 RCNY § 4-01. A person may stop, stand or park a vehicle alongside or in a manner which obstructs a pedestrian ramp not located within such crosswalk, unless otherwise prohibited.
   (g)   General no parking zones (parking prohibited in certain places). No person shall park a vehicle in any of the following places, unless otherwise indicated by posted signs, markings or other traffic control devices:
      (1)   Emergency sites. Within a block where emergency work is in progress, except that the operator of any vehicle on official public business related to the emergency may park such vehicle at such sites.
      (2)   Vacant lots. In a vacant lot, unless the operator of the vehicle has the written permission of the lot's owner so to park and has otherwise complied with §§ 10-112 and 10-113 of the Administrative Code.
      (3)   Marginal street and waterfronts. On a marginal street or waterfront, as defined in 34 RCNY § 4-01(b).
   (h)   On-street and off-street metered zones.
      (1)   Purchasing of parking time. No person shall park a vehicle, whether attended or not, in any parking space controlled by a parking meter:
         (i)   Without first purchasing the amount of parking time desired from a parking meter, or from a valid electronic communication device as described in this section. This provision shall not apply to the time necessary to park the vehicle or activate the parking meter or any other authorized grace period.
         (ii)    Without displaying a payment receipt on the vehicle’s dashboard or in a visible and secure place on a motorcycle, where such requirement is indicated by posted signs, unless such parking time was purchased through an authorized electronic communication device as described in this section.
         (iii)   In excess of the amount of time indicated on the payment receipt, electronic communication device, or on posted signs.
      (2)   Authorized payment methods; counterfeits prohibited.
         (i)   Authorized payment methods. Parking meters must be activated by the insertion of coin(s) of United States currency, or by the insertion of an electronic debit card, credit card, Department issued parking card or other authorized method of payment as described in this section.. Parking at an on-street or off-street parking space controlled by a parking meter may also be paid for by an authorized electronic communication device as approved by the Department as described in paragraph (3) of this subdivision.
         (ii)   No person shall deposit or attempt to deposit any slug, button, or any other unauthorized device or substance as a substitute for coins of United States currency in any parking meter.
         (iii)    No person shall purchase a parking meter receipt from anywhere other than a parking meter.
      (3)   Electronic communication device payments.
         (i)   Despite any provision herein, any person may park at an on-street or off-street parking space controlled by a parking meter by making payment via an electronic communication device as approved by the Department.
         (ii)   The Department may designate locations containing on-street or off-street parking spaces controlled by a parking meter as locations where payment by an electronic communication device shall be permitted.
            (A)   The Department shall designate each location by the posting of a sign.
            (B)   A person wishing to purchase parking time via an authorized electronic communication device at a designated location may do so via the authorized mobile payment for parking application by entering the applicable zone number for the side of the block where the vehicle will be parked if the vehicle is parked in an on-street parking zone or the posted zone sign if a vehicle is parked in an off-street parking field.
      (4)   Transfer of parking time. A person who purchases parking time, via a payment receipt, at an on-street or off-street parking space controlled by a parking meter may, during the start and end time denoted on such payment receipt, park at:
         (i)   such on-street or off-street parking space;
         (ii)   at any parking space regulated by a parking meter within the same parking area; or
         (iii)   in another area regulated by a parking meter where the parking meter rate is the same as or less than the rate at the location where the parking time was purchased. This provision shall not apply when parking time is purchased via an authorized electronic communication device.
      (5)   Parking at broken or missing parking meters.
         (i)   Where parking is controlled by a parking meter and such parking meter is broken or missing, the person seeking to purchase a parking receipt shall use a functional parking meter in the same parking field or on the same side of the block, to purchase a parking receipt in accordance with paragraph (1) of this subdivision.
         (ii)   If all parking meters in a parking field or on a block are missing or broken, a person shall be allowed to park in the parking field or on the block up to the maximum amount of time otherwise lawfully permitted by such parking meters in the controlled parking field or block.
      (6)   Restrictions and limitations. The provisions of this subdivision (h) shall not relieve any person of the duty to observe other and more restrictive provisions prohibiting, restricting, or limiting the stopping, standing, or parking of vehicles in specified places or at specified times.
      (7)   Displaying, selling or offering merchandise for sale prohibited. No peddler or vendor shall park a vehicle at a metered parking space for purposes of displaying, selling, storing or offering merchandise for sale from the vehicle.
      (8)   Parking by disabled persons permitted. Rules pertaining to the use of parking meter zones shall not apply to vehicles operated by disabled persons duly displaying New York City special parking identification permits issued by the Department of Transportation pursuant to 34 RCNY § 4-08(o), other than at those periods of time when no standing and no stopping restrictions are in effect in the metered zones.
   (i)   Municipal off-street parking facilities.
      (1)   Parking fees. No person shall park a vehicle without paying the appropriate fee in accordance with authorized fee schedules posted on the facility.
      (2)   Hours of operation. No person shall park a vehicle before the opening hour or after the closing hour, as specified on authorized signs.
      (3)   Parking Meters. No person shall park a vehicle, whether attended or not, in any parking space controlled by a parking meter:
         (i)   Without first purchasing the amount of parking time desired from a parking meter or from a valid electronic communication device as described in this section. This provision shall not apply to the time necessary to park the vehicle or activate the parking meter or any other authorized grace period.
         (ii)   Without displaying a payment receipt on the vehicle's dashboard or in a visible and secure place on a motorcycle, where such requirement is indicated by posted signs, unless such parking time was purchased through an authorized electronic communication device as described in this section.
         (iii)   In excess of the amount of time indicated on the payment receipt, electronic communication device, or on posted signs.
      (4)   Parking in a dangerous manner. No person shall park a vehicle in a manner that will endanger any person or property.
      (5)   Operator responsible for loss. The operator enters the facility at his/her own risk and the City of New York shall not be responsible for any injury or loss due to fire, theft, accident, or other causes.
      (6)   Angle parking. No vehicle that is too long and/or too wide to be parked within a single designated parking space shall be parked in such a space which is designated for angle parking.
   (j)   Standing or parking vehicles that violate registration and inspection rules are covered or have the VIN obscured.
      (1)   Vehicles must be properly registered. No person shall stand or park a vehicle bearing a New York license plate or plates unless it is properly registered in accordance with the laws and rules of New York.
      (2)   Valid plates must be properly displayed. No person shall stand or park a vehicle unless it properly displays the current plate or plates issued to it. For the purposes of this paragraph (j)(2), New York plates shall not be deemed properly displayed unless they are conspicuously displayed, one on the front and one on the rear of the vehicle, each securely fastened so as to prevent the same from swinging and placed, whenever reasonably possible, not higher than 48 inches and not lower than 12 inches from the ground, and they are kept clean and in a condition so as to be readable and shall not be covered by glass or any plastic material, and the view thereof shall not be obstructed by any part of the vehicle or by anything carried thereon. New York dealer or transporter plates issued pursuant to § 415 of the Vehicle and Traffic Law shall be deemed properly displayed if the one plate issued is placed on the rear of the vehicle as described above. New York motorcycle plates and plates from other states shall be deemed properly displayed if at least one plate is fastened on the rear of the vehicle.
      (3)   Vehicles must display valid registration sticker. No person shall stand or park a vehicle bearing a New York plate or plates unless it properly displays a current registration sticker.
      (4)   Improper stickers prohibited. No person shall stand or park a vehicle bearing a New York plate or plates displaying an expired, mutilated, void, imitation, counterfeit or inappropriate New York registration sticker.
      (5)   Registration plates, stickers, and tags must match. No person shall stand or park a vehicle bearing registration plates, stickers, and tags that do not match as to information contained thereon.
      (6)   Vehicles must display valid inspection sticker. No person shall stand or park a vehicle bearing New York plates unless it is properly inspected and properly displays a current inspection sticker or certificate, in accordance with § 306(b) of the Vehicle and Traffic Law unless it bears New York dealer or transporter plates pursuant to § 415 of the Vehicle and Traffic Law.
      (7)   Improper inspection stickers prohibited. No person shall stand or park a vehicle bearing New York plates displaying any mutilated, imitation or counterfeit of an official certificate of inspection.
      (8)   Vehicle covers prohibited. No person shall stand or park a vehicle having a cover on it that obscures the make, color, vehicle identification number (VIN), license plates and/or registration and inspection stickers, and/or restricts entry to the vehicle, if such vehicle is standing or parked in violation of posted rules.
      (9)   Obscuring VIN prohibited. No person shall stand or park a vehicle that has the vehicle identification number obscured in any manner.
   (k)   Special rules for commercial vehicles.
      (1)   Parking of unaltered commercial vehicles prohibited. No person shall stand or park a vehicle with commercial plates in any location unless it has been permanently altered with all seats and rear seat fittings, except the front seats, removed, except that for vehicles designed with a passenger cab and a cargo area separated by a partition, the seating capacity within the cab shall not be considered in determining whether the vehicle is properly altered, and has the name and address of the owner as shown on the registration certificate plainly marked on both sides of the vehicle in letters and numerals not less than three inches in height, in compliance with § 10-127 of the Administrative Code and is also in compliance with paragraph (i) of the definition of commercial vehicle as set forth in 34 RCNY § 4-01.
      (2)   No standing except trucks loading and unloading. Where a posted sign reads "No Standing Except Trucks Loading and Unloading" or "Truck Loading Only", no vehicle except a commercial vehicle or a service vehicle as defined in 34 RCNY § 4-01(b), may stand or park in that area, for the purpose of expeditiously making pickups, deliveries or service calls, and except that in the area from 35th St. to 41st St., Avenue of the Americas to 8th Avenue, inclusive, in the Borough of Manhattan, between the hours of 7:00 A.M. and 7:00 P.M., no vehicle except a truck as defined in 34 RCNY § 4-13(a)(1) may stand or park for the purpose of expeditiously making pickups, deliveries, or service calls.
      (3)   Angle standing or parking of commercial vehicles. Commercial vehicles standing or parking in authorized areas shall not be placed at an angle to the curb unless such positioning is essential for loading or unloading and then only for such period of time actually required for such purposes provided that a sufficient space shall be left clear for the passage of a vehicle between the angle-parked vehicle and the center of the street, the opposite curb or a vehicle parked or standing thereat, whichever is closest. In no event shall an angle-parked vehicle occupy more than a parking lane, plus one traffic lane.
      (4)   Parking of trailers.
         (i)   No person shall park any trailer or semi-trailer on any street or arterial highway, except while loading or unloading at off-street platforms, unless such trailer or semi-trailer is attached to a motor vehicle capable of towing it.
         (ii)   Notwithstanding the provisions of paragraph (i) above, where posted signs permit, a trailer or semi-trailer may park while unattached to a motor vehicle capable of towing it on streets in industrial zoned property as defined in the Zoning Resolution. Such trailers or semi-trailers may park for the length of time indicated on the posted signs. An owner of a trailer or semi-trailer parked pursuant to this provision shall protect the streets from damage that may be caused by parking the unattached trailer. All doors located on such trailers or semi-trailers must be locked while the trailers are parked.
      (5)   Street storage of commercial vehicles prohibited. When parking is not otherwise restricted, no person shall park a commercial vehicle in any area, including a residential area, in excess of three hours.
      (6)   Nighttime parking of commercial vehicles prohibited. No person shall park a commercial vehicle on a residential street, between the hours of 9 p.m. and 5 a.m. Where a commercial vehicle is parked in violation of this paragraph, it shall be an affirmative defense to said violation, with the burden of proof on the person who received the summons, that he or she was actively engaged in business at the time the summons was issued at a premises located within three city blocks of where the summons was issued. This paragraph shall not apply to vehicles owned or operated by gas or oil heat suppliers or gas or oil heat systems maintenance companies, the agents or employees thereof, or any public utility.
      (7)   Vehicles equipped with platform lifts. Commercial vehicles may not be parked on any city street with a platform lift set in a lowered position while the vehicle is unattended.
   (l)   Midtown and other special zones.
      (1)   Reserved.
      (2)   Special midtown rule: method of parking. Except where otherwise restricted, between the hours of 7 a.m. and 7 p.m. daily, except Sundays, from 14th to 60th Streets, 1st to 12th Avenues, all inclusive, in the Borough of Manhattan, no operator of a commercial vehicle shall stop, stand, or park in any of the streets herein designated, other than parallel and no more than 12 inches from the curb, and in a way that such vehicle will not occupy more than 10 feet of roadway space from the nearest curb, and in no case shall any such vehicle be backed in at an angle to the curb.
      (3)   Special midtown rule: standing time limit.
         (i)   Between the hours of 7 a.m. and 7 p.m., daily except Sundays, from 14th to 60th Streets, 1st to 12th Avenues, all inclusive, in the Borough of Manhattan no operator shall stand a commercial vehicle in any one block of streets herein designated for a period of more than three hours unless otherwise posted. A commercial vehicle not actively engaged in loading or unloading goods, tools, materials, or other items for the purpose of pickups, deliveries or service calls is deemed to constitute a parked vehicle subject to parking rules applicable to that particular location.
         (ii)   Commercial parking meter area. Notwithstanding the provisions of subparagraph (i) of this paragraph, where signs are posted regulating the use of the curb by commercial vehicles it shall be unlawful to stand a vehicle in any space on a block unless such vehicle is a "commercial vehicle" as defined in 34 RCNY § 4-01(b)(i) or a vehicle with a valid "combination" registration from another state, and unless such space is controlled by a parking meter. The maximum time for such metered parking on a single block shall be a total of three hours, unless otherwise indicated by a posted sign. The provisions of subdivision (h) of this section shall apply to commercial vehicles parked at a parking meter pursuant to this paragraph.
      (4)   Parking in garment district restricted to trucks. Notwithstanding any provisions of these rules to the contrary, no vehicles except trucks and vans bearing commercial plates shall stand at the curb for the purpose of expeditiously loading and unloading between the hours of 7 a.m. and 7 p.m. daily, including Sundays, from 35th Street to 41st Street, between Avenue of the Americas and 8th Avenue, all inclusive, in the Borough of Manhattan. For the purpose of this paragraph (4), passenger vehicles, or station wagons bearing commercial plates shall not be deemed trucks or vans.
      (5)   Parking restricted in limited truck zones. No operator of truck shall stop, stand or park his/her vehicle upon any streets designated as "Limited Truck Zones," except for the purpose of making a delivery, loading or servicing within said zone, and except as otherwise provided in 34 RCNY § 4-13(d)(3).
      (6)   Special Lower Manhattan Area Rule: standing time limit. Between the hours of 7 a.m. and 7 p.m., daily, on any street south of Houston Street, from the East River to the Hudson River, in the Borough of Manhattan:
         (i)   An operator must not stand or park a bus on any one block of streets, including where a space on that block is regulated by a parking meter, for more than three hours unless otherwise posted.
         (ii)   Where a space is regulated by a parking meter and signs are posted restricting the use of the curb to buses, it is unlawful to stand or park any vehicle at that regulated space unless the vehicle is a bus. The provisions of subdivision (h) of this section shall apply to buses parked at such a parking meter.
         (iii)   Where a parking sign designates a regulated space as “No Standing/Parking Except Authorized Buses” or “ Buses With Permit Only”:
            (A)   It is unlawful to stand or park any vehicle at that regulated space unless the vehicle is a bus and the operator has first obtained a permit from the Department according to paragraph (4) of subdivision (o) of this section.
            (B)   Where that space is also regulated by a parking meter, the provisions of subdivision (h) of this section shall apply to permitted buses parked at such a parking meter.
         (iv)   A bus not being used for the expeditious pickup and drop off of passengers is deemed to constitute a parked vehicle subject to parking rules applicable to that particular location.
   (m)   Additional parking rules.
      (1)   Wrong way parking prohibited. Except where angle parking is authorized, every vehicle stopped, standing, or parked partly upon a roadway shall be so stopped, standing or parked parallel to the curb or edge of the roadway. On a one-way roadway such vehicle shall be facing in the direction of authorized traffic movement; on a two-way roadway such vehicle shall be facing in the direction of authorized traffic movement on that portion of the roadway on which the vehicle rests.
      (2)   Angle standing or parking. No person shall place a vehicle at an angle to the curb, except when such angle placement is authorized by these rules or by signs or markings. Notwithstanding the above, no vehicle that is too long and/or too wide to be parked within a single designated parking space shall be parked in such a space which is designated for angle parking.
      (3)   Angle parking of motorcycles, motor scooters and mopeds. A person shall be permitted to park a motorcycle, motor scooter or moped at an angle to the curb at times and at places when and where parking is permitted but only in such manner that at least one wheel shall touch the curb. In no event shall any portion of the motorcycle, motor scooter or moped be more than 6 feet from the curb.
      (4)   Parking of doctors' and dentists' vehicles. Where parking is prohibited by signs, but not where stopping or standing is prohibited, a duly licensed physician or dentist may park his/her motor vehicle, identified by "MD," "OP" or "DDS" New York registration plates, on a roadway adjacent to hospitals or clinics for a period not to exceed three hours. For the purposes of this paragraph, only those portions of a roadway corresponding to the shaded areas on the diagrams below shall be considered adjacent to a hospital or clinic. At other locations where parking is prohibited by signs, but not where stopping or standing is prohibited, a duly licensed physician may park his/her motor vehicle, identified by "MD" or "OP" New York registration plates, for a period not to exceed one hour while actually attending to a patient in the immediate vicinity.
      (5)   Bus parking on streets prohibited. No person shall park a bus at any time on any street within the City of New York, unless authorized by signs, except that a charter bus may park where parking is otherwise permitted at its point of origin or destination. No operator of a bus shall make a bus layover, except as otherwise provided in 34 RCNY § 4-10(c). Notwithstanding any local law or rule to the contrary, but subject to the provisions of the Vehicle and Traffic Law, it shall be permissible for a school bus owned, used or hired by a public or nonpublic school to park at any time, including overnight, upon any street or roadway, provided said bus occupies a parking spot in front of and within the building lines of the premises of the public or nonpublic school.
      (6)   Time limits. Where signs are erected specifying time limits on standing or parking, no person shall stand or park any vehicle in excess of the time so prescribed.
      (7)   Emergency ambulance service vehicles. The operator of an ambulance, as defined in section 100-b of the Vehicle and Traffic Law, while awaiting an emergency call, may park at meters, truck loading and unloading zones, and "NO PARKING" areas not specifically designated for other vehicles. (i.e. authorized zones).
      (8)   Street storage of boat trailers, mobile homes and mobile medical diagnostic vehicles prohibited. No person shall park any boat trailer (with or without a boat attached), mobile home or mobile medical diagnostic vehicle in any area, on any street, in excess of 24 hours.
      (9)   Street storage of vehicles prohibited. When parking is not otherwise restricted, no person shall park any vehicle in any area, including a residential area, in excess of seven consecutive days.
   (n)   Special restrictions on parking.
      (1)   Parking for sales purposes prohibited. No person regularly engaged in the sale of vehicles shall park a vehicle upon any roadway or off-street parking facility for the principal purpose of displaying such vehicle for sale.
      (2)   Parking for certain purposes prohibited. No person regularly engaged in the repair of vehicles shall park a vehicle upon any roadway or off-street parking facility for the principal purpose of washing, greasing, or repairing such vehicle, except repairs necessitated by an emergency.
      (3)   Parking for the purposes of commercial advertising prohibited. No person shall stand or park a vehicle on any street or roadway for the purpose of commercial advertising, as defined in 34 RCNY § 4-12(j)(1), except as otherwise provided in that section.  
             
 
      (4)   Peddlers, vendors and hawkers restricted. No peddler, vendor, hawker, or huckster shall permit his car, wagon, or vehicle to stand on any street when stopping, standing, or parking is prohibited or on any street within 25 feet of any corner of the curb or to stand at any time on any sidewalk or within 500 feet of any public market or within 200 feet of any public or private school.
      (5)   Unattended motor vehicles. No person driving or in charge of a motor vehicle shall permit it to stand unattended without first stopping the engine, locking the ignition, removing the key from the vehicle, and effectively setting the brake provided, however, the provision for removing the key from the vehicle shall not require the removal of keys hidden from sight about the vehicle for convenience or emergency.
      (6)   Moving parked vehicle. No person shall move a vehicle not lawfully under his/her control into any position where stopping, standing, or parking would be unlawful.
      (7)   Unofficial reserving of parking space. It shall be unlawful for any person to reserve or attempt to reserve a parking space, or prevent any vehicle from parking on a public street through his/her presence in the roadway, the use of hand-signals, or by placing any box, can, crate, handcart, dolly or any other device, including unauthorized pavement, curb or street markings or signs in the roadway.
      (8)   Vehicles must have proper equipment. No person shall stand or park a motor vehicle, motorcycle or limited use vehicle on any street at any time unless it is equipped with head lamps, rear lamps, reflectors and any other equipment required by any provision of the Vehicle and Traffic Law.
   (o)   Permits. For purposes of this section, a "permit" is the authorization granted by the Department to qualified individuals for special parking privileges as set forth in this subdivision. At the discretion of the Department, a permit may be represented by a permit card inscribed with information that describes the specific parking privileges it authorizes.
      (1)   Permits for people with disabilities.
         (i)   Authorized parking areas. An operator of a vehicle bearing a valid New York City Special Parking Identification permit may park:
            (A)   in any "No Parking" zone,
            (B)   in any authorized vehicle zone, except in carshare parking space(s) and electric vehicle charging station(s),
            (C)   at parking meters without using an authorized payment method, and
            (D)   in "No Standing Except Trucks Loading and Unloading" or "Truck Loading Only" zones.
         Such special parking permit shall be displayed so that it is visible through the windshield.
         (ii)   Prohibited parking areas. Such special parking identification permits do not authorize parking:
            (A)   in a bus stop,
            (B)   in a taxi-stand,
            (C)   within 15 feet of a fire hydrant,
            (D)   in a fire zone,
            (E)   in a driveway,
            (F)   in a crosswalk,
            (G)   in a no stopping zone,
            (H)   in a no standing zone,
            (I)   double parking,
            (J)   in carshare parking space(s),
            (K)   in any “Ambulette”, “Ambulance”, “Access-A-Ride”, “Medical Facility” zone or combination thereof,
            (L)   in a For-Hire-Vehicle stand, or
            (M)   in electric vehicle charging station(s).
         (iii)   Issuance of permits. The Special Parking Identification permit shall be issued by the Commissioner or his/her designee to a New York City resident certified by the Department of Health or a provider designated by the Department or the Department of Health, who shall make such certification in accordance with standards and guidelines prescribed by the Department of Health, as having a permanent disability seriously impairing mobility, who requires the use of a private automobile for transportation and to a non-resident similarly certified who requires the use of a private automobile for transportation to a school in which such applicant is enrolled or to a place of employment. A permit shall also be issued to such person upon application made on such person's behalf by a parent, spouse, domestic partner as defined in New York City Administrative Code § 1-112(21), guardian, or other individual having legal responsibility for the administration of such person's day to day affairs. The permit may include no more than ten (10) license plate numbers for the vehicle(s) which will be used to transport the permittee. Upon application for a permit, applicant shall submit to the department a copy of the vehicle registration for each license plate which will be registered on the permit. Any vehicle displaying such a permit shall be used exclusively in connection with parking a vehicle in which the person to whom it has been issued is being transported or will be transported within a reasonable period of time.
         (iv)   Replacement permits. In case of a lost or stolen permit, the permittee must, upon request for a replacement, submit to the department a copy of a valid police report. In case of a stolen vehicle which is registered on the permit, permittee must submit to the department a copy of a valid police report. In the event a vehicle registered on the permit is unable to be used as a result of an accident or mechanical defect, a substitution of plates will be permitted only if the permittee has three or fewer plates registered on the permit. The permittee must provide proof to the department of the inability to use the vehicle. If the permittee has four or more plates registered on the permit, no temporary substitution will be allowed.
         (v)   Revocation or Suspension. Any abuse by any person of any privilege, benefit or consideration granted by such permit, will be sufficient cause for revocation or suspension of said permit.
            (A)   If the Department determines that a permit holder has abused a permit, the Department will issue a notice of intent to revoke or suspend the permit. The Department will send such notice to the permit holder by mail, and the notice will state the grounds for the proposed revocation or suspension. The notice will also inform the permit holder that he or she has an opportunity to be heard, either in-person or by teleconference.
            (B)   Grounds for suspension or revocation shall include, but not be limited to the following:
               (1)   Use of the permit that does not meet the requirements of Section 2903(15)(a) of the Charter, which states: "Any vehicle displaying such permit shall be used exclusively in connection with parking a vehicle in which the person to whom it has been issued is being transported or will be transported within a reasonable period of time."
               (2)   Transfer of the permit, copying of the original permit, use of a copied permit, or refusal to return an expired permit after receipt of a new permit.
            (C)   If the permit holder wants an opportunity to be heard, the permit holder must submit a request to the Department in writing. The Department must receive such request within thirty (30) calendar days of the date of the Department's notice. If the Department does not receive a written request for an opportunity to be heard within thirty (30) calendar days of the date of the Department's notice, the Department will revoke or suspend the permit.
            (D)   If the permit holder submits a timely written request for an opportunity to be heard, the Department will schedule such opportunity to take place no later than thirty (30) calendar days from the date that the Department receives the permit holder's request. The Department will notify the permit holder of the date of the opportunity to be heard by mail.
            (E)   The permit holder may make a written request to receive copies of the evidence used by the Department in its decision making. Such request must be received by the Department at least fourteen (14) calendar days in advance of the date of the opportunity to be heard. The Department will provide a copy of the evidence in the manner requested by the permit holder (e.g. mail, email, or in-person) no later than seven (7) days prior to the date of the opportunity to be heard.
            (F)   Requests for rescheduling, by either the permit holder or the Department, of the opportunity to be heard must be received by the other party at least forty-eight (48) hours in advance of the originally scheduled date. If the request for rescheduling is agreed upon by both the permit holder and the Department, a new date will be scheduled within fourteen (14) days of the original date as agreed upon by the permit holder and Department.
            (G)   The opportunity to be heard will be conducted by a designee of the Commissioner. The designee will (1) review the Department's decision to issue the notice of intent to revoke or suspend the permit, and (2) provide an opportunity for the permit holder to present reasons and evidence why the revocation or suspension is not warranted. The designee will issue findings of fact and a recommendation following the opportunity to be heard.
            (H)   Within thirty (30) days of the opportunity to be heard, the Commissioner, or his or her designee, other than the designee who conducted the opportunity to be heard and issued the recommendation, will issue a final decision. The final decision will include such findings of fact and recommendation of the person who conducted the opportunity to be heard and will accept, reject or modify that recommendation. The Department will send the final decision to the permit holder via mail within five (5) calendar days. The final decision will constitute a final agency determination.
      (2)   Municipal parking permit. A municipal parking permit licenses the permittee to park one automobile at the permittee's risk in the area designated by signs. Fees charged are for the use of a parking space in the designated facility only. Only a license to park is granted by this permit and no bailment is created. The Department of Transportation assumes no responsibility for loss due to fire, theft, collision or otherwise to the car or its contents.
         (i)   A municipal parking permit must be displayed when parked in authorized spaces, and in such a manner that the permit is visible through the left side of the windshield.
         (ii)   A municipal parking permit is to be displayed only on vehicles bearing license plate numbers on file at the Bureau of Parking. For license plate changes call the Permit Section of the Bureau of Parking, weekdays (10 AM to 4 PM).
         (iii)   A municipal parking permit is to be displayed only when a vehicle is parked in areas reserved for use of this permit.
         (iv)   Failure to comply with the above regulations will result in a summons.
      (3)   Agency-Authorized permits for parking in contradiction to rules on City streets. Agency-Authorized permits are issued by the Department of Transportation or any other agency authorized by the Department. Permits may be issued to non-profit organizations for certain essential purposes such as medical services, blood delivery and human services programs and to governmental agencies and officials for governmental purposes. Permits may be issued when the vehicle is essential to the performance of organizational functions. Such permits shall be displayed in a place where it is visible through the vehicle's windshield only when a vehicle is parked in areas specified on the permit or electronically linked to the permit unless the permit is affixed to the vehicle by the department or an agency authorized by the department.
         (i)   Parking permitted. Parking with agency-authorized permits and the display of a permit in the windshield of a vehicle or, where applicable, a permit affixed to the vehicle by the department is permitted in areas specified on or electronically linked to the permit and may include some or all of the following:
            (A)   Parking meters,
            (B)   Truck loading and unloading zones,
            (C)   Authorized vehicle zones, when the organization or agency named on the permit is indicated on the signs, and
            (D)   "No Parking" areas.
         (ii)   Parking not permitted. Parking with and display of agency-authorized permits in the windshield of a vehicle or, where applicable, a permit affixed to the vehicle by the department or any agency authorized by the department is not permitted at:
            (A)   "No Standing" areas.
            (B)   "No Stopping" areas.
            (C)   Fire hydrants.
            (D)   Bus stops.
            (E)   Areas on the roadway side of a vehicle stopped, standing, or parked at the curb (i.e., Double parking).
            (F)   Driveways.
            (G)   Bridges and highways.
            (H)   Areas where a traffic hazard would be created.
            (I)   Carshare parking space(s).
         (iii)   Duration. Agency-authorized permits are issued for the minimum hours and days essential for the activity. Such permits are issued on an annual basis on dates determined by the Department of Transportation.
         (iv)   Misuse and fraudulent use of parking permits. A violation of this subparagraph (iv) will be issued in addition to any other violation issued for parking in contravention of posted signs or written regulations. It shall be unlawful:
            (A)   to display an agency-authorized permit in the windshield of a vehicle or, where applicable, a permit affixed to the vehicle by the department or any agency authorized by the department and park with the intent to avoid compliance with posted signs or written regulations. In any proceeding relating to the violation of this provision such intent shall be implied where:
               1.   the permit displayed in the windshield of the vehicle or, where applicable, the permit affixed to the vehicle by the department or any agency authorized by the department does not authorize parking in such space in contravention of posted signs or written regulation.
               2.   the permit is displayed on a vehicle other than the one described in the permit.
               3.   the permit displayed in the windshield of the vehicle is copied, altered, or displayed in a manner that obscures the locations to which it applies.
               4.   the permit displayed in the windshield of the vehicle or where applicable the permit affixed to the vehicle by the department or any agency authorized by the department is expired, suspended or revoked.
            (B)   to display a fraudulent parking permit in the windshield of a vehicle and park in contravention of posted signs or written regulations. For the purposes of this section, a fraudulent parking permit may be a counterfeit of a Department-issued permit, resemble an official Department permit or contain language falsely purporting to authorize parking in areas restricted by posted signs or written regulations.
         (v)   Revocation of an agency-authorized permit. The Commissioner or their designee may, at their discretion, revoke or suspend agency-authorized permits.
            (A)   Notice. Except as otherwise provided herein prior to revocation or suspension the permit holder will be notified of the proposed suspension or revocation and the grounds and may appeal such determination in accordance with item (B) within 15 days after the date set forth in such notice. If no appeal is filed within such 15 day period such revocation or suspension shall be effective upon the conclusion of the time for appeal. If an appeal is filed within such 15 day period such revocation or suspension shall be effective upon notice of the determination of the appeal unless such determination is in favor of the permittee. Notwithstanding the foregoing where the Commissioner finds that the continued use of an agency-authorized permit is a danger to public safety, such revocation or suspension shall be effective immediately upon the date of notice of the suspension or revocation of such permit. Grounds for revocation or suspension will include:
               1.   Three or more violations of this Subdivision (o);
               2.   Any violation of Administrative Code § 19-166; or
               3.   Unpaid parking or traffic violations associated with the license plate or individual permit holder in excess of $350.
            (B)   Appeal. A permit holder may appeal the determination to revoke or suspend an agency-authorized permit in writing within fifteen (15) days after the date of a notice provided in accordance with item (A) in the manner described in such notice. The Department will respond to the appeal within sixty (60) days except that where the revocation or suspension was effective immediately upon the date of such notice the Department shall respond to such appeal within fifteen (15) days.
         (vi)   Refusal to issue or renew an agency-authorized permit. The commissioner or their designee may refuse to issue or renew an agency-authorized permit for any of the grounds set forth in Subparagraph (v) that apply to the revocation or suspension of such permit.
      (4)   Single issue permits for parking in contradiction to rules on city streets. Single issue permits are issued by the Department of Transportation or any other agency authorized by the Department to for-profit and not-for-profit medical, blood and human service programs; press events; bus operators parking pursuant to paragraph (6) of subdivision (l) of this section; and concerts, film production companies, special events and emergencies. Such permits shall be displayed so that they are visible through the windshield.
         (i)   Information required. The request for such a single issue permit shall be made in writing to the Department of Transportation and must include:
            (A)   Date(s) of the event,
            (B)   Hours,
            (C)   Location,
            (D)   Number and size of vehicles, and
            (E)   License plates or identifying markings of the vehicles.
         (ii)   Parking permitted. Parking with single issue permits is permitted in areas specified on or programmed into the permit and may include some or all of the following:
            (A)   Parking meters,
            (B)   Truck loading and unloading zones,
            (C)   Authorized vehicle zones, except in carshare parking space(s),
            (D)   “No Parking” areas, and
            (E)   No Standing/Parking Except Authorized Buses or Buses with Permit Only.
         (iii)   Parking not permitted. Parking with single issue permits is not permitted at:
            (A)   "No Standing" areas,
            (B)   "No Stopping" areas,
            (C)   Fire hydrants,
            (D)   Bus stops,
            (E)   Double parking,
            (F)   Driveways,
            (G)   On bridges and highways,
            (H)   In carshare parking space(s), and
            (I)   Areas where a traffic hazard would be created.
         (iv)   Duration. Single issue permits are issued for the minimum hours and days essential for the event. The Commissioner or his/her designee may, at his/her discretion, issue, extend or revoke these permits.
      (5)   Clergy parking permits.
         (i)   Definitions.
            Funeral establishment. A place devoted to or used for the care and preparation of a body of a deceased person for disposition and for mourning or funeral ceremonial purposes.
            Hospital. A general hospital, nursing home or hospice in-patient facility certified pursuant to the public health law or a psychiatric center established pursuant to § 7.17 of the mental hygiene law.
            House of worship. A building or space owned or leased by a religious corporation or association of any denomination or used by a religious corporation or association of any denomination pursuant to the written permission of the owner thereof, which is used by members principally as a meeting place for divine worship or other religious observances presided over by a member of the clergy and which is classified in occupancy group F-1(b) pursuant to article eight of subchapter three of chapter one of title twenty-seven of the New York City Administrative Code. Such term shall not include a dwelling unit as defined in the housing maintenance code.
            Member of the clergy. A clergyperson or minister as defined in the religious corporations law including, but not limited to, a pastor, rector, priest, rabbi or imam who officiates at or presides over services on behalf of a religious corporation or association of any denomination and works an average of at least twenty hours per week on behalf of such religious corporation or association.
            Passenger car. Notwithstanding any other provision of these rules, for the purposes of this paragraph (5), a passenger car shall mean a motor vehicle, lawfully registered in any state, designed and used for carrying not more than fifteen people, including the driver. Such term shall not include a vehicle licensed to operate pursuant to chapter five of title 19 of the New York City Administrative Code or a commercial vehicle as defined in § 19-170 of the Code.
         (ii)   Application requirements.
            (A)   The religious corporation or association applying for a permit on behalf of a member of the clergy shall submit an application on a form to be provided by the department and signed by an officer of the corporation or association or by a person otherwise authorized to act on behalf of the corporation or association. Such application shall be accompanied by a copy of a deed or lease and a certificate of occupancy indicating classification in occupancy group F-1(b) (plus the type of house of worship) for the New York City house of worship used by the religious corporation or association. In the absence of a deed or lease, the religious corporation or association shall submit a sworn written statement of the owner of the house of worship attesting to the fact that said religious corporation or association has the permission of said owner to use the premises as a house of worship. In the event a house of worship was constructed prior to the existence of a certificate of occupancy or occupancy group F-1(b) so that a certificate of occupancy is not available, the religious corporation or association shall submit such other documentation as the department may require.
            (B)   The religious corporation or association shall, on behalf of a member of the clergy, submit a copy of title, registration or lease in the member of the clergy's name or in the name of a religious corporation or association employing such member of the clergy for a vehicle lawfully registered in any state to be covered by a permit. Such religious association or corporation shall, on behalf of a member of the clergy, also submit a copy of a current automobile insurance identification card for such vehicle.
            (C)   The religious corporation or association shall certify on a form provided by the Department that only the member of the clergy on whose behalf the application is made will use such permit, that such use will occur only while the member of the clergy is performing official duties at a funeral establishment or the house of worship at whose services such member of the clergy officiates or presides or while performing such official duties at a hospital, that such member of the clergy works an average of at least twenty hours per week on behalf of such religious corporation or association, that such member of the clergy possesses a valid driver's license from any state and that such member of the clergy otherwise qualifies for the benefits of this permit.
            (D)   In addition, the religious corporation or association shall submit any other documents deemed necessary by the Department.
         (iii)   Parking permitted. Parking is permitted only in "No Parking" areas designated by posted sign for up to five hours on a roadway adjacent to the house of worship's address as it appears on the permit, for up to three hours on a roadway adjacent to a hospital when the member of the clergy is performing official duties at such hospital, or for a period of up to four hours on the roadway adjacent to a funeral establishment when such member of the clergy is performing official duties at such funeral establishment. For the purposes of this paragraph, only those portions of a roadway corresponding to the shaded areas on the diagrams below shall be considered adjacent to a house of worship or hospital or funeral establishment.
         (iv)   Issuance of permit. Only one permit shall be issued to any religious corporation or association. The front of such permit shall include the license plate numbers of up to three passenger cars, as defined in subparagraph (i), above, that are owned, registered or leased by the members of the clergy for whose benefit the religious corporation or association has applied for such permit or by the religious corporation or association employing such member of the clergy. No permit shall be issued with the license plate number of any vehicle that has one or more summonses in judgment according to the records of the New York City Parking Violations Bureau.
         (v)   Duration. Permits issued in accordance with this paragraph (5) shall be valid for one year, unless revoked pursuant to subparagraph (viii).
         (vi)   Renewal. Sixty days prior to the expiration of the permit, the religious corporation or association may apply for a renewal by completing a form provided by the Department.
         (vii)   Replacement permits.
            (A)   In case of a lost or stolen permit, the religious corporation or association shall, upon request for a replacement, submit to the Department a copy of a valid police report. In the case of a stolen vehicle containing a permit that was also stolen, the religious corporation or association shall submit a copy of a valid police report for the stolen vehicle, which report also lists the permit as stolen.
            (B)   To receive a replacement permit with a changed license plate number or an additional plate number up to a total of three, the religious corporation or association shall supply the documentation required by subparagraphs (B), (C) and (D) of paragraph (ii), above, in addition to the police report, if applicable. Changes to the permit may only be made by the Department.
         (viii)   Revocation. A member of the clergy who engages in or allows the improper use or alteration of a permit issued pursuant to this paragraph may be excluded from the benefits of this paragraph. The department shall mail written notice to the religious corporation or association with which such clergy member is associated of the improper use of a permit issued to such corporation or association. The religious corporation or association may submit a response within ten days of the date of mailing of such notice. After ten days from the date of mailing of such notice, the department may send notice to the religious corporation or association of the exclusion of a member from the permit and the corporation or association shall forthwith return the permit to the department. If the permit contains more than one license plate number, the license plate number of the vehicle of the excluded member shall be deleted and the department shall promptly reissue the permit with the remaining license plate numbers. If the permit contains only the license plate number of the excluded member, the religious corporation or association may submit an application for a new permit pursuant to this paragraph. The member of the clergy who engaged in or allowed such improper use shall not be eligible for inclusion in any future application submitted pursuant to this paragraph.
              
 
      (6)   Permit for Carshare Parking.
         (i)   Definitions. For the purposes of this section, these are the meanings of the following terms:
            Carshare organization or CSO. The term "carshare organization" or "CSO" means an organization that operates a program in which access to a fleet of vehicles is provided to members of the organization on an hourly or other short-term basis.
            Carshare vehicle. The term "carshare vehicle" means a vehicle used by a carshare organization member that is owned or leased and registered by the carshare organization.
            One-way carshare service. The term "one-way carshare service" means a system where a carshare member can pick up a carshare vehicle at one location and drop it off at the end of the trip at a curbside location within the CSO's service area.
            Round-trip carshare service. The term "round-trip carshare service" means a system where a carshare member must drop off each carshare vehicle at the same location where it was picked up in order to complete the trip.
            Carshare parking space. The term "carshare parking space" means a location on-street or in a municipal parking facility that the Department reserves for the exclusive use by a carshare organization and its members.
            Equity parking space. The term "equity parking space" means a carshare parking space that the Department has identified as underserved by existing carshare service within an area whose median income is lower than the citywide median income as published by the U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey.
            Carshare parking zone. The term "carshare parking zone" means an area within a neighborhood in which the Department allocates on-street carshare parking spaces.
            Hand control adapted carshare vehicle. The term "hand control adapted carshare vehicle" means a vehicle equipped with permanently installed hand controls allowing for the use of the vehicle by carshare members with mobility impairments. These hand controls must have the capability of being activated and deactivated for carshare members' needs and must not prevent the operation of the vehicle using foot pedals.
            Municipal parking facility. The term "municipal parking facility" means a City-owned parking facility regulated by the Department and operated by the City or by a contractor on behalf of the City that is available for public use. The term "municipal parking facility" does not include any parking facility operated by a City agency that is intended for use exclusively by agency employees or by the public to conduct business with the agency.
         (ii)   Permit required. A CSO must obtain a permit from the Department for its members generally to use any carshare parking space, either on-street or in a municipal parking facility that has been designated as part of the carshare program.
         (iii)   Permit fee. In order to participate in the Department's carshare program, a CSO must pay an application permit fee of $765 per CSO. For carshare parking spaces in municipal parking facilities, a CSO must also pay a quarterly or monthly permit fee charged by each municipal parking facility, which is posted on the Department's website.
         (iv)   Application. An application for a permit must be submitted on a form prescribed by the Department which will include, but not be limited to, the following information:
            (A)   Legal name of the CSO; its "Doing Business As" (DBA) certificate; certified copy of the Certificate of Incorporation and proof of registration with the New York State Department of State; company address; contact name; contact telephone number; contact e-mail address;
            (B)   Proof of automobile insurance for all carshare vehicles intended for use in a carshare parking space;
            (C)   Make, model, length, and combined city/highway miles per gallon (MPG) according to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's MPG ratings of vehicles intended for use in a carshare parking space;
            (D)   Information about the CSO's New York City-specific operations, including carshare vehicle fleet size, how the CSO intends to incorporate carshare parking space(s) into its operational model, and whether the CSO intends to participate in Round 2 or 3 of the carshare parking permit assignment for on-street carshare parking spaces, as specified in Subparagraph (vii) of this paragraph.
         (v)   Review of applications for and issuance of permits.
            (A)   The Department will decline to issue a permit to a CSO applicant that:
               1.   Is in arrears to the City of New York for an amount totaling more than one thousand dollars;
               2.   Does not provide automobile insurance as part of their carshare vehicle rental price;
               3.   Uses vehicles that are not owned or leased by the CSO;
               4.   Does not allow its carshare vehicles to be rented on an hourly or in smaller time intervals, and at rates which vary by time, and/or distance; or
               5.   Does not have a fleet of carshare vehicles in operation in New York City by the date the permit application is due.
            (B)   If the Department declines to issue a permit because of any of the conditions described in subparagraph (A) above or if the application is incomplete, the applicant will have fifteen days from receipt of the denial to appeal the determination. The Department will make a final determination on the appeal within thirty days.
            (C)   Conditions of permit. The permit holder must:
               1.   Indemnify the City against legal liabilities associated with the use of the curb for carshare operations;
               2.   Provide a vehicle with professionally installed hand controls to any carshare member within 48 hours of that member's request;
               3.   Share and regularly report to the Department the data specified in Subparagraph (xiii) of this paragraph;
               4.   Actively use on-street carshare parking spaces at all times to provide carshare services with reasonable allowances for carshare vehicle maintenance;
               5.   Actively use carshare parking spaces in municipal parking facilities at all times the facility is open for public use to provide carshare services with reasonable allowances for carshare vehicle maintenance;
               6.   Present to the Department an outreach plan incorporating the demographics and languages spoken within the carshare parking zones;
               7.   Select at least 20% of allotted carshare parking spaces from available equity parking spaces;
               8.   Comply with all applicable parking regulations, including but not limited to regulations relating to construction activities and street closures;
               9.   Pay any parking fines received or any towing fees and fines if carshare vehicles are towed;
               10.   Provide the Department with a thirty-day notice if a permit holder decides to discontinue service at a carshare parking space;
               11.   Display the carshare permit holder's name prominently on each carshare vehicle using a carshare parking space;
               12.   Promptly notify the Department of any changes to the information provided in its application; and
               13.   Comply with all applicable laws, rules and regulations related to the operation of carshare.
         (vi)   Carshare parking permit assignment for carshare parking spaces in municipal parking facilities.
            (A)   The Department will provide a map of municipal parking facility locations, and specify the number of carshare parking spaces, including those with electric charging stations, available in each facility.
            (B)   Based on the permit applications received and the CSO's one-way or round-trip service type, the Department will notify CSOs of their eligibility for the available carshare parking spaces in municipal parking facilities.
            (C)   Qualified CSOs will identify which municipal parking facilities they prefer, and how many carshare parking spaces in each, with a minimum of two spaces in any one facility.
            (D)   The Department will allocate spaces to qualified CSOs within each facility until all interested CSOs have received their requested number of spaces, or have received a minimum of two spaces each.
            (E)   For those municipal parking facilities where there are not enough available spaces to accommodate the request for at least two spaces by each qualified and interested CSO, the Department will assign the carshare parking spaces in pairs using a multi-round selection process based on a rank order chosen randomly. The CSO selection order will be re-established for each facility where there are not enough available spaces to accommodate the request for at least two spaces by each qualified and interested CSO.
         (vii)   Carshare parking permit assignment for on-street carshare parking spaces.
            (A)   Based on the permit applications received, the Department will notify CSOs of their eligibility and the total number of carshare parking space(s) for which they are eligible based on their New York City vehicle fleet size and one-way or round-trip service type.
            (B)   All qualified CSOs will be eligible for a minimum allotment of 10% of their New York City vehicle fleet size or ten carshare parking spaces, whichever is less. The Department will also provide a map of available carshare parking spaces. Where possible, on-street carshare parking spaces will be sited and selected in pairs.
            (C)   Twenty percent of all carshare parking spaces selected by each qualified CSO must be equity parking spaces. CSOs providing one-way service must provide service to the entire carshare parking zone in which an equity parking space is located to meet this requirement.
            (D)   Each qualified CSO must submit one list ranking all feasible carshare parking spaces by preference. CSOs must assign a rank to all spaces where they are able and willing to provide service, regardless of the total number of permits for which they are applying and are eligible, to ensure each CSO has an adequate list of options for allocation.
            (E)   Spaces will be distributed to CSOs in a series of selection rounds in which CSOs are allocated their highest available preference in a rotating order.
            (F)   If a CSO's preferred carshare parking space has already been assigned to another CSO, the Department will assign that CSO their next highest carshare parking space preference that is available. The selected carshare parking spaces will thereafter be removed from the list of available carshare parking spaces. The selection process for each round will continue until all of the available carshare parking spaces are distributed.
            (G)   For Rounds 2 and 3 detailed below, the Department will not assign more than 60 total carshare parking spaces.
            (H)   The assignment will be organized into rounds as follows:
               1.   Round 1: The Department will allocate equity parking spaces by selecting the highest ranking available preference for each CSO in an equity parking space in a series of selection rounds until each CSO has reached 20% of its total allocation.
               2.   Round 2: In addition to the total number of carshare parking spaces for which a CSO is eligible, a CSO will have the opportunity to secure additional carshare parking spaces by providing hand control adapted carshare vehicles. The Department will review proposed hand control adapted carshare vehicle plans and, at its discretion, distribute an allotment of carshare parking spaces to CSOs based on that CSO's next highest submitted preferences.
               3.   Round 3: In addition to the total number of carshare parking spaces for which a CSO is eligible, a CSO will have the opportunity to secure additional carshare parking spaces by providing a discount to New York City Housing Authority residents, New York City Section 8 Housing voucher recipients, or proposing for Department approval alternative discount plans for individuals meeting similar income criteria. The Department will review proposed discount plans and, at its discretion, distribute an allotment of carshare parking spaces to CSOs based on that CSO's next highest submitted preferences.
               4.   Round 4: The Department will assign each CSO carshare parking spaces based on their submitted preferences until each CSO has obtained its allocated carshare parking spaces, or until the total number of carshare parking spaces has been assigned, whichever is first.
         (viii)   Sign installation and carshare parking space maintenance.
            (A)   The permit holder must provide to the Department a vector file graphic of its company logo to be incorporated into signs no later than five days after the permit for a carshare parking space is approved.
            (B)   The Department will install all signage for all carshare parking spaces.
            (C)   For on-street carshare parking spaces, permit holders will clean the City's public streets and roads within the carshare parking spaces and 10 feet on either side of the carshare parking space. Maintenance responsibilities will include the following:
               1.   Sweeping at least once per week or pursuant to the frequency of street sweeping on the block face on which the on-street carshare parking space is located, whichever is greater.
               2.   Removing snow and ice as specified in the permit.
               3.   Maintaining the signs so that they are unobstructed and free of dirt, stickers, and graffiti.
               4.   Keeping records of the maintenance for carshare parking spaces, including date, time, and scope of maintenance.
            (D)   Any additional maintenance responsibilities will be provided by the Department with a thirty-day notice to the permit holder.
            (E)   Permit holders' maintenance responsibilities extend through the length of the permit for any carshare parking spaces.
         (ix)   Relocation of carshare parking spaces. The Department has the right to relocate a carshare parking space upon a thirty-day notice to the permit holder based on utilization rates, maintenance reports, and/or a request from a CSO. Wherever possible, the carshare parking space will be relocated within the same carshare parking zone and with feedback from the CSO.
         (x)    Temporary relocation or suspension of carshare parking spaces.
            (A)   The use of on-street carshare parking spaces may be temporarily suspended for up to thirty business days due to construction or street repaving, or special events including but not limited to film shoots, street fairs, parades, or block parties.
            (B)   When suspensions are expected to last longer than thirty business days, the Department will temporarily relocate the carshare parking spaces to a new, approved location.
            (C)   The Department may remove or temporarily relocate a carshare parking space for reasons attributable to public safety or other emergency or temporary needs as it deems appropriate.
            (D)   The permit holder will be responsible for moving the carshare vehicle from the carshare parking space under the circumstances identified in clauses A, B, and C of this subparagraph.
         (xi)   Relocation of impermissibly parked vehicle. If a vehicle is impermissibly parked in an on-street carshare parking space, a CSO, at its sole cost and expense, may relocate the impermissibly parked vehicle to the nearest available lawful on-street parking space.
            (A)   For the purposes of this subparagraph, an "impermissibly parked vehicle" means a vehicle located in an on-street carshare parking space, where the logo and name indicated on the sign does not bear the same logo and name as the vehicle.
            (B)   If a CSO chooses to relocate impermissibly parked vehicles, it must establish a Department-approved means of relocating such vehicles and notifying owners of such vehicles where their vehicles have been relocated.
         (xii)   Suspension, reassignment, and revocation of permits.
            (A)   The Department may suspend or revoke a permit for failure to comply with any of the terms and conditions of the carshare parking permit, these rules, or other applicable law or rule.
            (B)   Prior to suspending or revoking a permit, the permit holder will be provided with an opportunity to be heard within five business days.
            (C)   In the event that the Department revokes a permit, the permit holder must remove the carshare vehicle from the carshare parking space within 24 hours of revocation.
         (xiii)   Data reporting requirements.
            (A)   Each permit holder must deliver a quarterly report to the Department by the 15th day of the month following the end of the quarter, containing the data described below and in a form that is prescribed by the Department.
            (B)   The report shall include the following categories of data:
               1.   Membership;
               2.   Fleet composition;
               3.   Use of CSO fleet;
               4.   Use of carshare parking spaces and municipal parking facilities; and
               5.   Survey of carshare members as designed by the Department. This survey may include, but not be limited to, the creation of carshare member Ids that are unique to each member but do not contain personal information.
   (p)   Engine idling.
      (1)   Idling of vehicle engines generally prohibited. Except as provided for in paragraphs (2) and (3) of this subdivision, no person shall cause or permit the engine of any vehicle, other than an authorized emergency vehicle, to idle for longer than three minutes while parking, standing or stopping unless the engine is being used to operate a loading, unloading or processing device.
      (2)   Idling of bus engines prohibited. No person shall cause or permit the engine of any bus to idle at a layover or terminal location, whether or not enclosed, when the ambient temperature is in excess of forty (40) degrees Fahrenheit. When the ambient temperature is forty (40) degrees Fahrenheit or less, no person shall cause or permit any bus to idle for longer than three minutes at any layover or terminal location. For the purpose of this rule, at a layover or terminal location a bus engine shall not be deemed to be idling if the operator is running the engine in order to raise the air pressure so as to release the air brakes, provided however, that this shall not exceed a period of three minutes.
      (3)   Idling of vehicle engines next to schools.
         (i)   For the purposes of this paragraph, the term “school” shall mean any public school under the jurisdiction of the New York city department of education, or any non-public school that provides instruction to students in any grade from prekindergarten to the twelfth grade.
         (ii)   No person shall cause or permit the engine of any vehicle, other than an authorized emergency vehicle, to idle for longer than one minute if the vehicle is next to a school, while parking, standing or stopping, unless the engine is being used to operate a loading, unloading or processing device, and provided that idling of an engine of a school bus may be permitted as needed:
            (A)   for mechanical work;
            (B)   to maintain an appropriate temperature for passenger comfort; or
            (C)   in emergency evacuations where necessary to operate wheelchair lifts.
(Amended City Record 10/14/2015, eff. 11/13/2015; amended City Record 3/21/2017, eff. 4/20/2017; amended City Record 9/11/2017, eff. 10/11/2017; amended City Record 7/2/2018, eff. 8/1/2018; amended City Record 5/13/2019, eff. 6/12/2019; amended City Record 5/17/2019, eff. 6/16/2019; amended City Record 2/7/2020, eff. 3/8/2020; amended City Record 6/1/2020, eff. 6/1/2020; amended, City Record 9/21/2020, eff. 9/21/2020)