(A)   Pursuant to G.S. § 160A-441, it is hereby found and declared that there exist in the city and its area of extraterritorial jurisdiction dwellings which are unfit for human habitation due to dilapidation, defects increasing the hazards of fire, accidents and other calamities, lack of ventilation, light and sanitary facilities, and due to other conditions rendering such dwellings unsafe and unsanitary and dangerous and detrimental to the health, safety and morals, and otherwise inimical to the welfare of the residents of the city and its extraterritorial jurisdiction.
   (B)   In order to protect the health, safety and welfare of the residents of the city and its area of extraterritorial jurisdiction as authorized by Article 19 Chapter 160A of the North Carolina General Statutes, it is the purpose of this chapter to establish  minimum standards of fitness for the initial and continued occupancy of all buildings used for human habitation, as expressly authorized by G.S. § 160A-424 through 160A-432, 160A-441 through 160A-450, and 160A-193.
   (C)   In addition, it is hereby found and declared, under the authority of G.S. § 160A-174, that there exist in the city dwellings which, although not meeting the classification as unfit for human habitation, fail to fully comply with all the minimum standards for housing fitness as established herein and, therefore, have present one or more conditions which are inimical to the public health, safety and general welfare. Such conditions, if not corrected, can lead to deterioration and dilapidation of dwellings which render them unfit for human habitation.
   (D)   This chapter is hereby declared to be remedial and shall be construed to secure the beneficial interest and purposes thereof, which are public health, safety, and general welfare, through structural strength, stability, sanitation, adequate light and ventilation and safety to life and property from fire and other hazards incident to the construction, alteration, repair, removal, demolition, use and occupancy of dwellings, apartment houses, rooming houses or buildings, structures or premises used or intended for use as such.
(Ord. passed 2-18-92; Am. Ord. O-1999-37, passed 6-15-99; Am. Ord. O-1999-61, passed 10-5-99)