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   (a)   Space size. The following minimum standards shall apply to the width and length of parking spaces.
Standard parking space
9 feet
18 feet*
Parallel parking space
8 feet
22 feet
*   Parking spaces adjacent to landscape areas may project into the landscape area and be reduced to 16 feet in length when separated from the landscape area by curbing or approved wheel stops.
   (b)   Angle parking size. The standards for the minimum width of parking spaces plus the aisle are shown in the following table. These standards apply to a single row of head-in parking or two rows of head-in parking sharing an aisle. See the illustrations below.
Width: 1 Row Sharing Aisle
Width: 2 Rows Sharing Aisle
90 degree angle parking
42.0 feet
60.0 feet
60 degree angle parking
34.6 feet
54.7 feet
45 degree angle parking
31.1 feet
50.0 feet
30 degree angle parking
28.8 feet
45.6 feet
   Parking Lot Layout Dimensions
   (c)   Driveways.
      (1)   When driveways are less than 20 feet in width, marked separate entrances and exits shall be provided so that traffic shall flow in one direction only.
      (2)   Entrances and exits to an alley may be provided if prior approval is obtained in writing from the transportation and public works department.
      (3)   The location of ingress and egress driveways shall be subject to approval of the city traffic engineer under curb cut or laid down curb permit procedures.
      (4)   Except for unified residential development in accordance with § 6.506, driveways designated as fire lanes shall meet the standards of the fire code.
   (d)   Maneuvering space.
      (1)   Maneuvering space shall be located completely off the right-of-way of a public street, place or court, except for on-street parking approved by the traffic engineer.
      (2)   Parking areas that would require the use of public right-of-way for maneuvering shall not be acceptable as required off-street parking spaces other than for one- and two-family dwellings, except for on-street parking approved by the traffic engineer.
      (3)   Parking parallel to the curb on a public street shall not be substituted for off-street parking requirements, except as provided for in an “MU-1” or “MU-2” mixed-use district.
   (e)   Parking surface.
      (1)   Minimum required parking spaces must be hard-surfaced and dust free, except in instances where the adjacent street is unpaved, in which case the drives and parking spaces shall be hard-surfaced within one year after all adjacent streets are paved. Fire lanes and ADA spaces may not be constructed with porous surfaces.
      (2)   [Reserved.]
      (3)   [Reserved.]
      (4)   a.   Hard surface parking is not required for:
            1.   Non-passenger vehicles and tractor trailers for industrial uses; and
            2.   Motor vehicle inventory for sale.
         b.   All parking must be, at a minimum, on a compacted gravel base.
      (5)   Minimum required parking spaces must be hard-surfaced and dust free, except in instances where the adjacent street is unpaved, in which case the drives and parking spaces shall be hard-surfaced within one year after all adjacent streets are paved. Fire lanes and ADA spaces may not be constructed with porous surfaces.
      (6)   All driveways must be hard-surfaced and dust free. Driveways for one- and two-family uses may, at a minimum, consist of compacted gravel base. Any base product must be contained within a border and maintained, including circular and ribbon drives.
      (7)   No parking for one- and two-family uses shall be permitted within the front yard, as measured between the front property line and the closest location on the structure, other than as provided on the driveway. Driveway coverage, including ribbon drives, shall not exceed 50% of the front yard, and any additional parking on the property shall be provided on the driveway. Circular drives shall not exceed 65% maximum coverage. Parking pads are permitted if they are attached to the primary driveway and constructed of the same material, and shall be included in the calculation of driveway coverage.
   (f)   Off-site auxiliary parking. If sufficient parking is not available on the premises, a private parking lot may be provided within 500 feet, either on property zoned for that purpose or on approval as a special exception by the board of adjustment subject to the following conditions.
      (1)   The parking must be subject to the front yard setback requirements of the district in which it is located.
      (2)   The parking area must be hard surfaced and dust free (except as provided in subsection (e) above).
      (3)   A six-foot screen fence and bufferyard must be provided on all sides adjacent to a residential district in accordance with § 6.300.
      (4)   Area lights must be directed away from adjacent properties.
      (5)   The lot, if adjacent to a residential district, must be chained and locked at night.
   (g)   Accessible parking.
      (1)   Number of spaces required. When parking lots or garage facilities are provided, either in accordance with parking requirements or voluntarily, accessible parking spaces shall be provided according to the table below, except for the following uses.
         a.   For general and long term hospitals, nursing and care homes, and philanthropic medical care uses, any of which specializes in the treatment of persons with mobility impairments, 20% of the parking spaces provided shall be accessible.
         b.   For offices, professional and commercial uses, eleemosynary institutions and doctors’ clinics, any of which provides outpatient medical care, 10% of the parking spaces provided shall be accessible.
         c.   For multifamily dwellings and apartment hotels containing accessible or adaptable dwelling units as specified by the building code, 2% of the parking spaces shall be accessible. Where parking for such uses is provided within or beneath a building, accessible parking spaces shall also be provided within or beneath the building.
Total Parking Spaces in Lot or Garage
Minimum Required Accessible Spaces*
2% of total spaces*
Over 1,000
20 spaces plus 1 space for every 100 spaces, or fraction thereof, over 1,000*
*   One van accessible parking space shall be provided for every 8 accessible parking spaces or fraction thereof.
      (2)   Variances. The board of adjustment’s authority is limited to considering variances from the number of accessible parking spaces and van accessible parking spaces required. Accessible parking spaces, van accessible parking spaces and passenger loading zones shall be located and installed as specified in the building code. Variances, as to these items, must be addressed through the process described in the building code.
      (3)   Restriping parking areas. When parking areas are restriped, the provisions of this subsection (g)(3) shall apply. When restriping is done voluntarily to existing parking for the purpose of installing accessible spaces, city staff may allow a reduction in the number of parking spaces required by this section in accordance with the table below when necessary to provide the accessible spaces. Plans for the restriping must be submitted to the planning and development department for review and approval before work begins.
Total Required Parking Spaces
Allowed Reduction Not to Exceed
1 space
2% of total spaces
(Ord. 13896, passed 10-12-1999; Ord. 15827, § 1, passed 1-13-2004; Ord. 15924, §§ 1, 2, passed 3-23-2004; Ord. 17522, §§ 5, 6, passed 4-24-2007; Ord. 18208-07-2008A, § 2, passed 7-29-2008; Ord. 18208-07-2008B, § 1, passed 7-29-2008)
Editor’s note:
   For additional restrictions on auxiliary parking in the “ER” district, see § 4.900(d).