11-5-020  Definitions.
   As used in this chapter, unless the context requires otherwise, the following terms shall have the meanings set forth in this section:
   “Backhauler” means the owner of any facility from which backhauled recyclable material is transported.
   “Backhauled” or “backhauling” or “backhaul” means the process of using a truck: (1) to deliver to the local branch of a company, from such company's warehouse, distribution center or similar facility, any food, merchandise, goods or other material that is temporarily packaged, for purposes of such delivery, in recyclable material; and (2) after delivery, to return such recyclable material to the company's warehouse, distribution center or similar facility for reuse or recycling.
   “Building” has the meaning ascribed to the term in Chapter 14B-2.
   “City” means the City of Chicago.
   “City inspector” means any person under the employ of, or authorized by, any city department to inspect any building, property or premises for compliance with the requirements of the Municipal Code of Chicago.
   “Collection” or “collected” means recovered by a hauler.
   “Commissioner” means the Commissioner of Streets and Sanitation unless otherwise specified herein.
   “Common area(s)” means those common areas of the premises where recyclable material is (1) routinely generated by the persons occupying, using, visiting or lawfully upon the premises, or (2) kept prior to removal to a location for collection by a private or public hauler.
   “Construction and demolition debris” has the meaning ascribed to the term in Section 11-4-120.
   “Department” means the Department of Streets and Sanitation unless otherwise specified herein.
   “Dwelling unit” has the meaning ascribed to the term in Chapter 14B-2.
   “Existing building” has the meaning ascribed to the term in Chapter 14R-2.
   “Landscape waste” means grass or shrubbery cuttings, leaves, tree limbs or other materials accumulated as a result of the care of lawns, shrubbery, vines or trees, and includes any discarded fruits, vegetables or other vegetative material generated in the care of a garden.
   “Low-density residential building” means a single family home or any residential building, as defined herein, that contains four or fewer dwelling units.
   “Maintenance area(s)” means any area of the premises where waste is collected for recovery by a hauler.
   “Occupational unit” has the meaning ascribed to the term in Section 7-28-200.
   “Owner” has the meaning ascribed to the term in Chapter 14A-2.
   “Private hauler” means any person that holds or is required to hold a private scavenger license under Section 4-6-130.
   “Prohibited material” means any material listed in subsection (b) of Section 11-5-080 as modified by, or added to, in duly promulgated rules issued under Section 11-5-340.
   “Public hauler” means the Department of Streets and Sanitation of the City of Chicago.
   “Recyclable material(s)” means any material listed in subsection (a) of Section 11-5-080, as modified by, or added to, in duly promulgated rules issued under Section 11-5-340.
   “Recycling container(s)” means any automatic lift container, bin, roll-off container or other storage container provided for use in placing and storing recyclable material pending collection of the recyclable material.
   “Recycling facility” has the meaning ascribed to the term in Section 11-4-120.
   “Refuse collection customer” means any person that: (1) enters into or is required to enter into a contract with a private hauler for the provision by such private hauler of waste collection services or recycling collection services or both to a building; or (2) owns or leases any building or occupational unit within a building that is serviced by a public hauler.
   “Residential building” means any building or space that is primarily designed or used, as determined by the Commissioner, for dwelling by persons in a dwelling unit, including, but not limited to, apartment buildings, cooperative buildings, condominium buildings, hotels, dormitories and similar occupancies.
   “Scavenger service” means waste or recyclable material collection service provided by a private hauler holding a valid private scavenger license under Section 4-6-130.
   “Single stream recycling” means a type of source- separated recycling in which all recyclable material, regardless of type, can be placed in the same recycling container.
   “Source-separated recycling” means a process that: (1) separates recyclable material from waste, before the point of collection of such material, by requiring that recyclable material be placed in designated recycling containers, and (2) keeps recyclable material separate from waste until the recyclable material can be returned to the economic mainstream as new, used or reconstituted products.
   “Source-separated recycling services” means the collection, by a private hauler, of all of the recyclable material listed in Section 11-5-080, as modified by, or added to, in duly promulgated rules issued under Section 11-5-340.
   “Tenant” means any person entitled by written or oral agreement, or by subtenancy approved by the landlord, or by sufferance to occupy a space within a building to the exclusion of others.
   “Waste” means any discarded or abandoned material in solid, semisolid, liquid or contained gaseous form, including, but not limited to, industrial process waste, hazardous waste, municipal waste, special waste, garbage, or sludge from a waste treatment plant, water supply treatment plant or air pollution control facility. For purposes of this definition: The term “waste” includes, but is not limited to, any prohibited material listed in subsection (b) of Section 11-5-080, as modified by, or added to, in duly promulgated rules issued under Section 11-5-340. The term “waste” excludes: (1) sewage collected and treated in a municipal or regional sewage system; and (2) recyclable material as defined herein.
(Added Coun. J. 7-20-16, p. 28694, § 1; Amend Coun. J. 4-10-19, p. 100029, Art. II, § 101)