§ 9-2402.  Definitions.
   The following definitions shall apply throughout this Chapter:
   (1)   Affiliate. Any entity that controls, is controlled by, or is under common control with, another entity, including any successors in interest or alter egos.
   (2)   Annual percentage rate means the annual percentage rate for the loan calculated according to the provisions of the federal Truth in Lending Act (15 U.S.C. §§ 1601 et seq.), and the regulations promulgated thereunder by the Federal Reserve Board (as said Act and regulations are amended from time to time).
   (3)   Business Entity. Any individual, domestic corporation, foreign corporation, association, syndicate, joint stock company, partnership, joint venture, or unincorporated association, including any parent company, subsidiary, exclusive distributor or company affiliated therewith, engaged in a business or commercial enterprise.
   (4)   City. The City of Philadelphia.
   (5)   City Agency. The City of Philadelphia, its departments, boards and commissions.
   (6)   City-related Agency. All authorities and quasi-public corporations which either:
      (a)   receive appropriations from the City; or
      (b)   have entered into continuing contractual or cooperative relationships with the City; or
      (c)   operate under legal authority granted to them by City ordinance.
   (7)   High Cost Lender means a business entity that, through itself and/or an affiliate has made, issued or arranged, or assisted others in so doing, within any 12 month period, high cost loans that comprise either:
      (a)   Five percent (5%) of the total annual number of loans made, issued or arranged or five percent (5%) of the total annual number of loans which the business entity has assisted others in making, issuing or arranging; or
      (b)   10 individual loans; whichever is less.
   The term "high cost lender" shall not include a business entity, or its affiliates, that has submitted to the Director of the Office of Housing and Community Development a plan to discontinue the practice of making high cost loans, if the plan ensures:
      (a)   the prompt disengagement from the practice of making, issuing, or arranging, or assisting others in so making, issuing, or arranging high cost loans by the business entity and its affiliates; and
      (b)   the complete cessation of the making, issuing or arranging, or assisting others in the making, issuing or arranging of high cost loans by the business entity and its affiliates within 90 days after the plan is submitted; provided that no more than one plan may be submitted on behalf of any business entity.
   (8)   High Cost Loan. A loan that is secured by residential real property located within the City of Philadelphia on which there is situated a dwelling for not more than four families or a condominium unit, or is secured by a cooperative unit within the City of Philadelphia, if:
      (a)   at any time over the life of the loan, the annual percentage rate of the loan equals or exceeds by more than 6.5 percentage points in the case of a first lien mortgage, or equals or exceeds by more than 8 percentage points in the case of a junior mortgage, the yield on Treasury securities having comparable periods of maturity to the loan maturity as of the fifteenth day of the month immediately preceding the month in which the application for the extension of credit is received by the creditor; or
      (b)   the total points and fees financed in such loan equal or exceed:
         (.1)   4 percentage points of the total loan amount less the amount of such points and fees if the loan amount is sixteen thousand dollars ($16,000) or greater; or
         (.2)   Eight hundred dollars ($800) if the loan amount is less than sixteen thousand dollars ($16,000).
   However, "high cost loan" shall not include a loan that is made primarily for a business purpose unrelated to the residential real property securing the loan, a loan with an annual percentage rate below that of a threshold loan at all times over the life of the loan, or any loan which exceeds one hundred fifty thousand dollars ($150,000).
   (9)   Points and Fees means:
      (a)   All items required to be disclosed under Sections 226.4(a) and 226.4(b) of Title 12 of the Code of Federal Regulations, as amended from time to time, except the interest rate or time-price differential;
      (b)   Subject to the exclusions provided below in this Section, all charges for items listed under Section 226.4(c)(7) of Title 12 of the Code of Federal Regulations, as amended from time to time, but only if the lender receives direct or indirect compensation in connection with the charge or the charge is paid to an affiliate of the lender; otherwise the charges are not included within the meaning of the phrase "points and fees";
      (c)   All compensation paid directly or indirectly to a mortgage broker, including a broker that originates a loan in its own name in a tablefunded transaction, not otherwise included in subsection (.1) or (.2) of this Section;
      (d)   The premium of any single premium credit life, credit disability, credit unemployment or any other life or health insurance that is financed directly or indirectly into the loan.
   "Points and fees" shall not include any charges or fees excluded by paragraphs (c) through (e) of Regulation Z of the Truth in Lending Act, Section 226.4 of Title 12 of the Code of Federal Regulations, however, notwithstanding the foregoing, any fees for preparing loan-related documents, such as deeds, mortgages, and reconveyance or settlement documents shall be included in the definition of "points and fees".
   (10)   Predatory lender means a business entity that, through itself and/or an affiliate has made, issued or arranged, or assisted others in so doing, within any 12 month period, predatory loans that comprise either:
      (a)   Five percent (5%) of the total annual number of loans made, issued or arranged, or five percent (5%) of the total annual number of loans which the business entity has assisted others in so making, issuing or arranging; or
      (b)   10 individual loans; whichever is less.
   The term "predatory lender" shall not include a business entity, or its affiliates, that has submitted to the Director of the Office of Housing and Community Development a plan to discontinue the practice of making predatory loans, if the plan ensures:
      (a)   the prompt disengagement from the practice of making predatory loans by the financial institution and its affiliates; and
      (b)   the complete cessation of the making of predatory loans by the financial institution and its affiliates within 90 days after the plan is submitted; provided that no more than one plan may be submitted on behalf of any financial institution.
   (11)   Predatory loan means a threshold or high cost loan that was made under circumstances that involve any of the following acts or practices or that contain any of the following loan terms:
      (a)   Fraudulent or deceptive acts or practices, including fraudulent or deceptive marketing and sales efforts to sell high cost loans.
      (b)   Loan Flipping. "Flipping" a loan means the making of a threshold or high cost loan to a borrower that refinances an existing loan secured by residential property in the City of Philadelphia when:
         (.1)   More than fifty percent (50%) of the prior debt refinanced bears a lower interest rate than the new loan unless the advisability and appropriateness of the new loan is certified by a counselor employed by a housing counseling agency approved by the Office of Housing and Community Development;
         (.2)   The borrower's payment of prepaid finance charges and closing costs reduces the interest rate such that it will take more than five (5) years for the borrower to recoup the transactions costs; or
         (.3)   Refinancing a special mortgage originated, subsidized or guaranteed by or through a state, tribal or local government, or nonprofit organization, which bears either a below-marked interest rate, or has nonstandard payment terms beneficial to the borrower, such as payments that vary with income, are limited to a percentage of income, or where no payments are required under specified conditions, and where, as a result of the refinancing, the borrower will lose one or more of the benefits of the special mortgage.
      (c)   Balloon Payments. A loan that contains a scheduled payment that is more than twice as large as the average of earlier scheduled payments or which contains a provision that gives the lender, in its sole discretion, the right to accelerate the indebtedness in the absence of the default of the borrower.
      (d)   Negative Amortization. A loan which contains a payment schedule with regular periodic payments that cause the principal balance to increase.
      (e)   Points and Fees. The financing of points and fees in excess of 4 percentage points of the total loan amount less the amount of such points and fees if the loan amount is sixteen thousand dollars ($16,000) or greater, or eight hundred dollars ($800) if the loan amount is less than sixteen thousand dollars ($16,000).
      (f)   Increased Interest Rate. A loan which contains a provision that increases the interest rate after default. Interest rate increases do not constitute a predatory loan practice in a variable rate loan where the increase is otherwise consistent with the provisions of the loan documents, provided that the event of default or the acceleration of the indebtedness does not trigger the change in the interest rate.
      (g)   Advance Payments. A loan which includes terms under which more than two periodic payments required under the loan are consolidated and paid in advance from the loan proceeds provided to the borrower other than a loan issued by or guaranteed by the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania.
      (h)   Modification or Deferral Fees. A loan which includes terms under which the lender may charge a borrower any fees or other charges to modify, renew, extend, or amend a loan product or to defer any payment due under the terms of a loan product.
      (i)   Mandatory Arbitration. A loan which contains a mandatory arbitration clause that limits in any way the right of the borrower to seek relief through a court of law or equity.
      (j)   Prepayment Penalties. A loan which imposes prepayment fees or penalties on the borrower.
      (k)   Financing of Credit Insurance. The financing of any credit life, credit disability, credit unemployment, or any other life or health insurance, directly or indirectly, into one or more high cost loans.
      (l)   Lending Without Home Loan Counseling in violation of subsection 9-2403(1)(b) except in conformity with the provisions of subsection 9-2403(1)(f)(.2).
      (m)   Lending Without Due Regard to Repayment in violation of subsection 9-2403(1)(c) except in conformity with the provisions of subsection 9-2403(1)(f)(.2).
   (12)   Threshold loan means a loan that is secured by residential real property located within the City of Philadelphia on which there is situated a dwelling for not more than four families or a condominium unit, or is secured by a cooperative unit within the City of Philadelphia, if at any time over the life of the loan, the annual percentage rate of the loan exceeds by at least 4.5 percentage points but less than 6.5 percentage points, in the case of a first lien mortgage, or by at least 6.5 percentage points but less than 8 percentage points, in the case of a junior mortgage, the yield on Treasury securities having comparable periods of maturity to the loan maturity as of the fifteenth day of the month immediately preceding the month in which the application for the extension of credit is received by the creditor.
   However, a "threshold loan" shall not include a loan that is made primarily for a business purpose unrelated to the residential real property securing the loan or a loan which exceeds one hundred fifty thousand dollars ($150,000).