SECTION A-402  PERMIT INSPECTIONS 120
A-402.1 General: The code official shall conduct inspections as provided in this Section and the technical codes. Approval as a result of an inspection shall not be construed to be an approval of a violation of the provisions of this code, the technical codes, or of other ordinances. Inspections presuming to give authority to violate or cancel the provisions of The Philadelphia Code shall not be valid. It shall be the duty of the permit applicant to cause the work to remain accessible and exposed for inspection purposes until approved. Neither the code official nor the City of Philadelphia shall be liable for expense entailed in the removal or replacement of any material to allow inspection.
   A-402.1.1 Concealed work. Where any installation subject to inspection prior to use is covered or concealed without having first been inspected, the code official shall have the authority to require that such work be exposed for inspection.
A-402.2 Preliminary inspection: Before issuing a permit, the code official is authorized to examine or cause to be examined buildings, structures and sites for which an application has been filed.
A-402.3 Record: A record of all inspections and violations of this code or the technical codes shall be maintained by the code official.
A-402.4 Special inspections: 121 The owner shall provide for special inspections in accordance with the Building Code, departmental procedures and Section 9-1306.
A-402.5 Final inspection: 122 Upon completion of the work authorized by the permit and before issuance of the certificate of occupancy or final approval, a final inspection shall be made. All violations of the permit and approved construction documents shall be noted and the holder of the permit shall be notified of the violations. A re- inspection shall be conducted to confirm compliance with all such violations prior to issuance of the certificate of occupancy or final approval. The final inspection shall be performed by persons who are certified in accordance with the regulations of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania in the categories appropriate for the scope of work to be inspected. Where the permit holder does not provide for a final inspection, the permit shall become invalid and appropriate code violations shall be issued.
A-402.6 Approved inspection agencies: 123 The Department is authorized to accept reports of approved inspection agencies provided such agencies satisfy the Department's requirements, including those established in Chapter 9-1300 of The Philadelphia Code, as to qualifications and reliability.
A-402.7 Plant inspection: 124 Where required by the provisions of the technical codes or regulations, materials or assemblies shall be inspected at the point of manufacture or fabrication in accordance with applicable provisions of the technical codes and Department procedures by a Special Inspector or Special Inspection Agency registered pursuant to Section 9-1306 of The Philadelphia Code.
A-402.8 Inspection requests: 125 It shall be the duty of the holder of the permit or their duly authorized agent to notify the code official when work is ready for inspection. It shall be the duty of the permit holder and contractor to provide access to and means for inspection of such work for any inspections that are required by this code or the technical codes.
   A-402.8.1 Notice of start: The code official or inspection agency having jurisdiction shall be contacted by the permit holder or his designee at least 24 hours prior to the start of work under a permit. The code official or the inspector having jurisdiction may perform an initial inspection of the site to ensure all site safety protections are in place.
A-402.9 Approval required: 126 Work shall not be done nor concealed beyond the point indicated in each successive inspection without first obtaining the approval of the code official. The code official, upon notification, shall make the requested inspections and shall either indicate the portion of the construction that is satisfactory as completed, or shall notify the permit holder or an agent of the permit holder wherein the same fails to comply with the code. Any portions that do not comply shall be corrected and such portion shall not be covered or concealed until authorized by the code official.
A-402.10 Required inspections. 127 Required inspections shall include the following items as they relate to the technical codes. The Department is authorized to conduct additional inspections as determined by conditions and the scope of work authorized by the permit. The permit holder and contractor shall be responsible for the scheduling of such inspections. The contractor shall be responsible for ensuring that the required inspections are approved before proceeding.
   A-402.10.1 Building permits. Building permit inspections include the inspections of construction site and building location, footings and foundations, wood and steel framing and connections, masonry construction, precast and cast-in-place concrete, exterior weather boarding, fire-stopping and draft-stopping, building components related to life safety and fire protection systems and building components related to size, installation and workmanship. Specific building permit inspections include the items included in A-402.10.1.1 through A-402.10.1.10 as applicable to the scope of work authorized by the permit.
      A-402.10.1.1 Footing and foundation inspection. Footing and foundation inspections shall be made after excavations for footings are complete and any required reinforcing steel is in place. For concrete foundations, any required forms shall be in place prior to inspection. Materials for the foundation shall be on the job, except where concrete is ready mixed in accordance with ASTM C 94, the concrete need not be on the job. Required waterproofing or dampproofing shall be installed prior to backfilling.
      A-402.10.1.2 Concrete slab or under-floor inspection. Concrete slab and under-floor inspections shall be made after in-slab or under-floor reinforcing steel and building service equipment, conduit, piping accessories and other ancillary equipment items are in place, but before any concrete is placed or floor sheathing installed, including subfloor.
      A-402.10.1.3 Lowest floor elevation. In flood hazard areas, upon placement of the lowest floor, including the basement, and prior to further vertical construction, the elevation certification or dry floodproofing certification required by the Building or Residential Code shall be submitted to the code official.
      A-402.10.1.4 Frame inspection. Framing and masonry construction inspections shall be made after the roof deck or sheathing, all interior and exterior framing, fire blocking and bracing are in place and pipes, chimneys and vents to be concealed are complete and the rough electrical, plumbing, heating wires, pipes and ducts have been approved.
      A-402.10.1.5 Wall board inspection. Wall board inspections shall be made after wall covering, interior and exterior, is in place, but before any finish material is applied or gypsum board joints and fasteners are taped and finished.
      Exception: Gypsum board that is not part of a fire-resistive assembly or a shear assembly.
      A-402.10.1.6 Fire-resistant and smoke-resistant penetrations. Protection of joints and penetrations in fire-resistance-rated assemblies, smoke barriers and smoke partitions shall not be concealed from view until inspected and approved.
      A-402.10.1.7 Energy efficiency inspections. Inspections shall be made to determine compliance with the Energy Conservation Code and shall include, but not be limited to, inspections for: envelope insulation R and U values, fenestration U value, duct system R value, and HVAC and water heating equipment efficiency.
      A-402.10.1.8 Accessibility inspections. Inspections shall be made of building sites and all interior building components to verify compliance with required accessibility standards.
      A-402.10.1.9 Other inspections. In addition to the inspections specified above, the code official is authorized to make or require other inspections of any construction work to ascertain compliance with the provisions of this code and other laws that are enforced by the Department.
      A-402.10.1.10 Special Inspections. For special inspections, see Chapter 17 of the Building Code.
   A-402.10.2 Plumbing permits. The code official shall make the following inspections and such other inspections as necessary, and shall either release that portion of the construction or shall notify the permit holder, designated agent or Registered Master Plumber of any violations that must be corrected.
      1.   Underground inspection shall be made after trenches or ditches are excavated and bedded, piping installed, and before any backfill is put in place.
      2.   Rough-in inspection shall be made after the roof, framing, fireblocking, firestopping, draftstopping and bracing is in place and all sanitary, storm and water distribution piping is roughed-in, and prior to the installation of wall or ceiling membranes.
      3.   Final inspection shall be made after the building is complete, all plumbing fixtures are in place and properly connected, and the structure is ready for occupancy.
   A-402.10.3 Fuel gas and mechanical permits. The code official, upon notification from the permit holder or the permit holder's agent, shall make the following inspections as applicable to the scope of work, and other such inspections as necessary, and shall either release that portion of the construction or notify the permit holder or the permit holder's agent of violations that are required to be corrected.
      1.   Underground inspection shall be made after trenches or ditches are excavated and bedded, piping is installed and before backfill is put in place. When excavated soil contains rocks, broken concrete, frozen chunks and other rubble that would damage or break the piping or cause corrosive action, clean backfill shall be on the job site.
      Exception: Ground-source heat pump loop systems tested in accordance with Section 1210.10 of the Mechanical Code shall be permitted to be backfilled prior to inspection.
      2.   Rough-in inspection shall be made, after the roof, framing, fireblocking and bracing are in place, of all piping and ducting before fixtures or appliances are set or installed, and all components to be concealed are complete, and prior to the installation of wall or ceiling membranes.
      3.   Final inspection shall be made upon completion of the installation.
   The requirements of this Section shall not be considered to prohibit the operation of any heating equipment or appliances installed to replace existing heating equipment or appliances serving an occupied portion of a structure provided that a request for inspection of such heating equipment or appliances has been filed with the department not more than 48 hours after such replacement work is completed, and before any portion of such equipment or appliances is concealed by any permanent portion of the structure.
   A-402.10.4 Electrical permits. The inspections required for electrical permits shall include the following inspections as applicable to the scope of work, and other such inspections as necessary, and shall either release that portion of the construction or notify the permit holder or the permit holder's agent of violations that are required to be corrected. The licensed electrical contractor shall be responsible for the scheduling of such inspections.
      1.   A rough-in inspection is required before any wiring is concealed by insulation, wall covering, ceiling covering, trench backfill, etc. If conditions require partial coverage of the permitted electrical work, permission shall be requested of and received from the department or electrical inspector having jurisdiction prior to coverage or concealment.
      2.   A final inspection is required when all equipment and appliances are installed, grounded, and energized, including low voltage and data wiring systems.
   A-402.10.5 Residential permits. For onsite construction, from time to time the code official, upon notification from the permit holder or the permit holder's agent, shall make or cause to be made any necessary inspections and shall either approve that portion of the construction as completed or shall notify the permit holder or the permit holder's agent wherein the same fails to comply with the code. Specific required inspections include those in Sections A-402.10.5.1 through A-402.10.5.5.1 as applicable to the scope of work.
      A-402.10.5.1 Foundation inspection. Inspection of the foundation shall be made after poles or piers are set or trenches or basement areas are excavated and any required forms erected and any required reinforcing steel is in place and prior to the placing of concrete. The foundation inspection shall include excavations for thickened slabs intended for the support of bearing walls, partitions, structural supports, or equipment and special requirements for wood foundations.
      A-402.10.5.2 Plumbing, mechanical, gas and electrical systems inspection. Rough inspection of plumbing, mechanical, gas and electrical systems shall be made prior to covering or concealment, before fixtures or appliances are set or installed, and prior to framing inspection.
      Exception: Ground-source heat pump loop systems tested in accordance with Section M2105.28 of the Residential Code shall be permitted to be backfilled prior to inspection.
      A-402.10.5.3 Floodplain inspections. For construction in areas prone to flooding as established by Table R-R301.2(1) of the Residential Code, upon placement of the lowest floor, including basement, and prior to further vertical construction, the code official shall require submission of documentation, prepared and sealed by a registered design professional, of the elevation of the lowest floor, including basement, required in the Residential Code.
      A-402.10.5.4 Frame and masonry inspection. Inspection of framing and masonry construction shall be made after the roof, masonry, all framing, firestopping, draftstopping and bracing are in place and after the plumbing, mechanical and electrical rough inspections are approved.
      A-402.10.5.5 Other inspections. In addition to the called inspections above, the code official may make or require any other inspections to ascertain compliance with the Residential Code and other laws, rules and regulations enforced by the code official.
         A-402.10.5.5.1 Fire-resistance-rated construction inspection. Where fire-resistance-rated construction is required between dwelling units or due to location on property, the code official shall require an inspection of such construction after all lathing and/or wallboard is in place, but before any plaster is applied, or before wallboard joints and fasteners are taped and finished.
   A-402.10.6 Demolition permits. 128 Specific demolition permit inspections are included in Sections A-402.10.6.1 through A-402.10.6.5, as applicable to the scope of work.
      A-402.10.6.1 Initial site safety inspection. The contractor shall schedule an initial inspection with the Department a minimum of 48 hours prior to the start of work. During the initial on-site inspection, the contractor shall be present and conduct a review of the site safety demolition plan with the code official prior to the start of any demolition activity. The contractor shall provide the code official with proof of all utility disconnections. Pedestrian protection required by the Building Code must be in place before the start of work. If adequate pedestrian protection is not in place and any work has commenced, the Department shall issue a Stop Work order which will remain in effect until the necessary pedestrian protections are put in place, inspected and approved by a code official.
      A-402.10.6.2 Demolition progression inspection. An inspection is required to ensure that the contractor is maintaining all safety measures detailed in the site safety demolition plan and using the means and methods detailed in the plan in a safe and workmanlike manner. A review of the submitted schedule shall be performed on- site by the code official. An inspection shall be required for each floor of the building being demolished. When necessary, an additional inspection may be required to ensure proper drainage of the cellar cavity has been achieved by breaking up the cellar floor.
      A-402.10.6.3 Adjacent wall inspection. An inspection is required to ensure that any adjacent foundation walls have been properly treated prior to backfilling of any areas below the finished grade. Additionally, the code official shall confirm that the contractor has completed the closing of all openings in any exposed party walls prior to finished treatment.
      A-402.10.6.4 Pre-final inspection. The pre-final inspection is required to ensure that all improper fill has been removed from the site prior to the backfilling of the cellar cavity and that clean fill is provided.
      A-402.10.6.5 Final inspection. A final inspection is required to determine compliance of the permitted demolition, and when necessary, to confirm proper grading of the site has been achieved upon completion of the demolition.
   A-402.10.7 Fire Suppression permits. The code official, upon notification from the permit holder or the permit holder's agent, shall make the following inspections as applicable to the scope of work, and other such inspections as necessary, and shall either release that portion of the construction or notify the permit holder or the permit holder's agent of violations that are required to be corrected.
      1.   Underground inspection shall be made after trenches or ditches are excavated and bedded, piping is installed and before backfill is put in place. When excavated soil contains rocks, broken concrete, frozen chunks and other rubble that would damage or break the piping or cause corrosive action, clean backfill shall be on the job site.
      2.   Rough-in inspection shall be made of all components prior to the installation of wall or ceiling membranes.
      3.   Final inspection shall be made upon completion of the installation. The licensed fire suppression company shall provide documentation of final testing and approval of the systems in compliance with the technical codes and referenced standards.
A-402.11 Other inspections. 129 In addition to the required inspections specified in A-402.10, the code official is authorized to make or require other inspections of any construction work to ascertain compliance with the provisions of this code, the technical codes and provisions of other codes enforced by the Department.

 

Notes

120
   Amended, Bill No. 030780 (approved December 31, 2003).
121
   Amended, Bill No. 180175 (approved June 6, 2018).
122
   Amended, Bill No. 180175 (approved June 6, 2018).
123
   Amended, Bill No. 180175 (approved June 6, 2018).
124
   Amended, Bill No. 180175 (approved June 6, 2018).
125
   Amended, Bill No. 180175 (approved June 6, 2018).
126
   Amended, Bill No. 180175 (approved June 6, 2018).
127
   Amended, Bill No. 180175 (approved June 6, 2018).
128
   Added, Bill No. 130691-A (approved February 19, 2014). See note 84 for effective date provisions.
129
   Added, Bill No. 180175 (approved June 6, 2018).