A-106.1 General. 27 Unless otherwise expressly stated, the following words and terms shall, for the purposes of this code and the technical codes, have the meanings shown in this Section.
AGRICULTURAL BUILDING: In accordance with the UCC, a structure utilized to store farm implements, hay, feed, grain or other agricultural or horticultural products or to house poultry, livestock or other farm animals, a milk house or a structure used to grow mushrooms, agricultural or horticultural products. The term includes a carriage house owned and used by members of a recognized religious sect for the purposes of housing horses and storing buggies. The term includes a structure that is less than 1,000 square feet in size which is utilized to process maple sap. The term shall not include habitable space or spaces in which agricultural products are processed, treated or packaged and shall not be construed to mean a place of occupancy by the general public.
CHANGE OF OCCUPANCY: A change in the use of a building or a portion of a building that results in any of the following:
   1.   A change of occupancy classification.
   2.   A change from one group to another group within an occupancy classification.
   3.   Any change in use within a group for which there is a change in application of the requirements of this code and the technical codes.
CODE OFFICIAL (OR BUILDING OFFICIAL): The Commissioner of Licenses and Inspections or his or her duly authorized representative charged with the administration and enforcement of such codes.
Exception: In the Fire Code, the term "fire code official" or "code official" shall mean the Fire Commissioner and/or the Commissioner of Licenses and Inspections or their duly authorized representatives charged with the administration and enforcement of the code in accordance with practices established by the two departments.
COMPETENT PERSON: An individual who is capable of identifying existing and predictable hazards at the job site or is knowledgeable of policies and practices that affect working conditions which are unsanitary, hazardous or dangerous to employees, and who has authority to take prompt corrective measures to eliminate them. 28
DEPARTMENT: The Department of Licenses and Inspections unless otherwise specified.
Exception: In the Fire Code, the term "Department" shall mean the Fire Department unless otherwise specified.
HEALTH CARE FACILITY: Any of the following, regardless whether the facility is operated for profit, nonprofit or by an agency of the Commonwealth or local government:
   a general, chronic disease or other type of hospital,
   a home health care agency,
   a hospice or long-term care nursing facility,
   a cancer treatment center using radiation therapy on an ambulatory basis,
   an ambulatory surgical facility,
   a birth center, or
   any other health care facility licensed by the Commonwealth Department of Health as may be necessary due to emergence of new modes of health care;
provided that the term "health care facility" shall not include
   an office used primarily for the private practice of a health care practitioner,
   a program which renders treatment or care for drug or alcohol abuse or dependence unless located within a health facility,
   a facility providing treatment solely on the basis of prayer or spiritual means, or
   a facility which is conducted by a religious organization for the purpose of providing health care services exclusively to clergymen or other persons in a religious profession who are members of a religious denomination.
OSHA 10: The 10-hour program designed and approved by the United States Occupational, Safety and Health Administration ("OSHA") under its Outreach Training Program for Construction intended to train workers on the recognition, avoidance, abatement, and prevention of safety and health hazards in workplaces in general industry.
OSHA 30: The 30-hour program designed and approved by the United States Occupational, Safety and Health Administration ("OSHA") under its Outreach Training Program for Construction for additional training of supervisors and workers with some safety responsibilities.
PERMIT HOLDER: The person(s) or business entity who owns the parcel, building or structure and is responsible for such property. While a permit may be obtained by another person or entity, that person or entity must have approval of the owner and the permit must always be subject to the control of the owner. The permit holder may be a person or entity with written documentation of equitable ownership of that real property. The permit holder may designate an agent such as a contractor to be the permit holder.
REGISTERED DESIGN PROFESSIONAL: A licensed architect, licensed engineer or other licensed design professional that holds a currently valid license to practice in Pennsylvania. 29
RESIDENTIAL BUILDING: Detached one-family and two-family dwellings and multiple single-family dwellings, including their accessory structures, which are not more than three stories in height with a separate means of egress.
STATE-OWNED BUILDING: Pursuant to the UCC, a building owned by or to be constructed for Commonwealth entities, including the General Assembly, the Unified Judicial System, the Pennsylvania Higher Education Assistance Agency, an executive agency, independent agency, and a State-affiliated entity or State-related institution. A Commonwealth authority or a Commonwealth entity shall be considered a "State-affiliated entity". The term includes the Pennsylvania Turnpike Commission, the Pennsylvania Housing Finance Agency, the Pennsylvania Municipal Retirement System, the Pennsylvania Infrastructure Investment Authority, the State Public School Building Authority, the Pennsylvania Higher Educational Facilities Authority and the State System of Higher Education. The term does not include any court or other officer or agency of the unified judicial system, the General Assembly and its officers and agencies, any State-related institution, political subdivision or any local, regional or metropolitan transportation authority.
UCC: The Pennsylvania Uniform Construction Code Act, Act 45 of November 10, 1999, P.L. 491, as amended.



   Added, Bill No. 030780 (approved December 31, 2003).
   Amended, Bill No. 180175 (approved June 6, 2018).
   Added, Bill No. 130698-A (approved February 19, 2014), effective within 18 months (August 19, 2015).
   Added, Bill No. 130698-A (approved February 19, 2014), effective within 18 months (August 19, 2015).