TITLE 12.  TRAFFIC CODE 1
Chapter 12-100.  General Provisions
   § 12-101.   Short Title.
   § 12-102.   Definitions.
Chapter 12-200.  Administration
   § 12-201.   Duties of Police Department.
   § 12-202.   Duties of the Department.
   § 12-203.   Emergency and Trial Regulations.
   § 12-204.   Maintenance of Copies of Ordinances and Regulations.
Chapter 12-300.  Special Restrictions Upon Use of Vehicles Around Wheelchair Lift Equipped Vehicles.
   § 12-301.   Meeting or Overtaking Wheelchair Lift Equipped Vehicle While Utilizing Wheelchair Lift.
   § 12-302.   Reports by Wheelchair Lift Equipped Vehicle Operators.
   § 12-303.   Use of Red Hazard Signals.
   § 12-304.   Exceptions from Stopping Requirements.
   § 12-305.   Penalty.
Chapter 12-400.  Right-of-Way Regulations and Penalties
   § 12-401.   Through-Streets Designated.
   § 12-402.   Controls for Through-Streets.
   § 12-403.   Intersections Where Stop Required.
   § 12-404.   Duty to Stop at Stop Signs.
   § 12-405.   Vehicles and Street Cars Entering Through-Street or Stop Intersection.
   § 12-406.   Emerging From a Driveway or Building.
   § 12-407.   Stop When Traffic Obstructed.
   § 12-408.   Obedience to Bridge Signals.
   § 12-409.   Penalty.
Chapter 12-500.  Turning Regulations and Penalties
   § 12-501.   Turning Markers and Devices.
   § 12-502.   Authority to Place Restricted Turn Signs.
   § 12-503.   Obedience to No-turn Signs.
   § 12-504.   Penalty.
Chapter 12-600.  Street Direction Regulations and Penalties
   § 12-601.   Designation of Direction of Movement on Streets.
   § 12-602.   Operation on One-Way Streets.
   § 12-603.   Penalty.
Chapter 12-700.  Bicycle Lanes
   § 12-701.   Designation of Bicycle Lanes.
Chapter 12-800.  Bicycle Regulations and Penalties
   § 12-801.   Persons Riding Bicycles.
   § 12-802.   Obedience to Traffic-Control Devices.
   § 12-803.   Riding on Bicycles.
   § 12-804.   Riding on Roadways and Bicycle Paths.
   § 12-805.   Emerging from a Driveway or Building.
   § 12-806.   Carrying Articles.
   § 12-807.   Parking.
   § 12-808.   Riding on Sidewalks.
   § 12-809.   Warning Devices and Brakes on Bicycles.
   § 12-810.   Bicycle Regulations and Penalties.
   § 12-811.   Penalty.
   § 12-812.   Use of Audio Headphones.
   § 12-813.   Removal of Abandoned Inoperable Bicycles.
Chapter 12-900.  Parking Regulations and Penalties
   § 12-901.   Stopping, Standing or Parking Prohibited at Certain Places.
   § 12-902.   Parking for Certain Purposes Prohibited.
   § 12-903.   Stopping, Standing or Parking Prohibited at Certain Times.
   § 12-904.   Loading and Unloading.
   § 12-905.   Permits for Curb Loading Zones.
   § 12-906.   Stopping in Passenger Loading Zone.
   § 12-906.1.   Live Performing Arts Priority Loading and Unloading Zones.
   § 12-907.   Designation of Public Carrier Stands.
   § 12-908.   Stopping, Standing and Parking of Buses and Taxicabs.
   § 12-909.   Restricted Use of Bus and Taxicab Stands.
   § 12-910.   Angle Parking.
   § 12-911.   Permit for Loading or Unloading at an Angle to the Curb.
   § 12-912.   Stopping, Standing and Parking Outside Business and Residence Districts.
   § 12-913.   Prohibitions in Specified Places.
   § 12-914.   Additional Parking Regulations.
   § 12-915.   Unattended Motor Vehicle.
   § 12-916.   Additional Parking Prohibitions.
   § 12-917.   Valet Parking Zones.
   § 12-918.   Parking for Auto Sharing Organizations.
   § 12-918.1.   Parking for Flexible-Park Auto Sharing Organizations: Pilot Program.
   § 12-919.   On-Street Parking of Boats, Motor Homes, Truck Campers and Vending Carts.
   § 12-920.   Permits for Hotel Loading Zones.
   § 12-921.   Penalty.
Chapter 12-1000.  Parking Meter Regulations and Penalties
   § 12-1001.   Designation of Parking Meter Zones.
   § 12-1002.   Parking Prohibited in Parking Meter Zones.
   § 12-1003.   Parking Meter Placement.
   § 12-1004.   Reserved.
   § 12-1005.   Use of Parking Meters.
   § 12-1005.1.   Parking Meter Kiosk Receipt Required.
   § 12-1006.   Overtime Parking Prohibited.
   § 12-1007.   Substitutes for Coins Prohibited.
   § 12-1008.   Damage to Parking Meters.
   § 12-1009.   Abolition of Loading Zones.
   § 12-1010.   Penalty.
Chapter 12-1100.  Miscellaneous Regulations and Penalties
   § 12-1101.   Load Restrictions Upon Vehicles Using Certain Streets.
   § 12-1102.   Designation of Restricted Street.
   § 12-1103.   Use of Certain Streets by Commercial Vehicles.
   § 12-1104.   Restrictions Upon Use of Streets by Certain Vehicles.
   § 12-1105.   Railroad Trains and Street Cars Not to Block Streets.
   § 12-1106.   Operating a Vehicle or Street Car Through Funeral or Other Procession.
   § 12-1107.   Participants in a Procession.
   § 12-1108.   Funeral Processions To Be Identified.
   § 12-1109.   Permits Required for Parades, Processions and Assemblages.
   § 12-1110.   Vehicles Shall Not Be Driven on a Sidewalk.
   § 12-1111.   Restricted Access Highways.
   § 12-1112.   Passing Street Car on Left.
   § 12-1113.   Street Car Stops.
   § 12-1114.   Unlawful Riding on Vehicles.
   § 12-1115.   Riding on Motorcycles or Motor-Driven Cycles.
   § 12-1116.   Clinging to Moving Vehicles.
   § 12-1117.   Physically Handicapped and Disabled or Severely Disabled Veteran Parking.
   § 12-1118.   Soliciting Rides or Business.
   § 12-1119.   Soliciting the Watching of Cars.
   § 12-1120.   Abandoned Vehicles.
   § 12-1121.   Electrical Work Not To Be Performed Without Approval.
   § 12-1122.   Use of Audio Headphones While Operating Motor Vehicles.
   § 12-1123.   Audible Motor Vehicle Alarms.
   § 12-1124.   Use of Certain Streets by Mobile and Motor Homes.
   § 12-1125.   Operation of Motor Vehicles on a Portion of South Street Prohibited During Certain Hours.
   § 12-1126.   Sound Reproduction Devices.
   § 12-1127.   Excessive Idling of and Noise from Motor Vehicles.
   § 12-1128.   Commercial Vehicles to Display Name, Address and Telephone Number of Owner.
   § 12-1129.   Penalty.
   § 12-1130.   Vehicle Seizures.
   § 12-1131.   Electric Vehicle Parking.
   § 12-1132.   Prohibiting Use of Mobile Telephones by Persons Operating Vehicles.
   § 12-1133.   All-Terrain Vehicles.
   § 12-1134.   Opening and Closing Vehicle Doors.
Chapter 12-1200.  Traffic-Control Devices
   § 12-1201.   Authority to Install Traffic-Control Devices.
   § 12-1202.   Obedience to Official Traffic-Control Devices.
   § 12-1203.   Non-intersection Traffic-Control Signals.
   § 12-1204.   Play Streets.
   § 12-1205.   Designation of Crosswalks and Safety Zones.
   § 12-1206.   Traffic Lanes.
   § 12-1207.   Hazardous Intersections.
   § 12-1208.   Penalty.
Chapter 12-1300.  Enforcement and Obedience to Traffic Regulations
   § 12-1301.   Authority of Firemen.
   § 12-1302.   Persons Propelling Push Carts or Riding Animals to Obey Traffic Regulations.
   § 12-1303.   Public Employees to Obey Regulations.
   § 12-1304.   Exemptions to Authorized Emergency Vehicles.
   § 12-1305.   Penalty.
Chapter 12-1400.  Penalties and Procedure for Violations
   § 12-1401.   Traffic Violation Notices; Parking Violation Notices.
   § 12-1402.   Traffic Violation Notice and Parking Violation Notice Use Controlled.
   § 12-1403.   Summary Procedure.
   § 12-1404.   Penalty.
   § 12-1405.   Reward Program
Chapter 12-1500.  Effect of Title
   § 12-1501.   Repeal and Saving Provisions.
Chapter 12-1600.  Special Restrictions Upon Use of Vehicles in Areas Under the Control of the Fairmount Park Commission
   § 12-1601.   Commercial Vehicles.
   § 12-1602.   Trailers and Semi-Tractors.
   § 12-1603.   Forbidden Drive.
   § 12-1604.   Public Areas.
   § 12-1605.   Vehicle Washing and Repairing.
   § 12-1606.   Driver Training.
   § 12-1607.   Snowmobiles and Minibikes.
Chapter 12-2400.  Towing and Immobilizing of Parked or Abandoned Vehicles
   § 12-2401.   Definitions.
   § 12-2402.   Official Towing Stations.
   § 12-2403.   Towing Zones; Designation; Signs.
   § 12-2404.   Responsibility of Official Towing Stations.
   § 12-2405.   Removal or Immobilization of Parked Vehicles; Notice.
   § 12-2405.1.   Removal of Vehicles Blocking Driveways.
   § 12-2406.   Recovery of Vehicles; Hearings.
   § 12-2406.1.   Fees and Charges.
   § 12-2406.2.   Damage to Vehicle Booting Devices.
   § 12-2407.   Records.
   § 12-2408.   Other Proceedings.
   § 12-2409.   Towing Zone Locations and Hours.
Chapter 12-2500.  Snow Emergencies
   § 12-2501.   Definitions.
   § 12-2502.   General Provisions.
   § 12-2503.   Towing.
   § 12-2504.   Penalties.
Chapter 12-2600.  Chestnut Street Transitway
   § 12-2601.   Legislative Purpose.
   § 12-2602.   Definitions.
   § 12-2603.   Prohibited Conduct.
   § 12-2604.   Authorized Vehicles.
   § 12-2605.   Vehicles Permitted on Transitway With Notification.
   § 12-2606.   Regular and Special Uses.
   § 12-2607.   Administration.
   § 12-2608.   Penalty.
Chapter 12-2700.  Permit Parking Districts
   § 12-2701.   Legislative Purpose.
   § 12-2702.   Definitions.
   § 12-2703.   Designation of Permit Parking Districts.
   § 12-2704.   Posting of Signs.
   § 12-2705.   Issuance of Resident Parking Permits.
   § 12-2706.   Reserved.
   § 12-2707.   Transfer of Resident Parking Permits.
   § 12-2708.   Issuance of Temporary Parking Permits.
   § 12-2709.   Use of Resident Parking Permits and Temporary Parking Permits.
   § 12-2710.   Exemption for the Physically Disabled.
   § 12-2711.   Rules and Regulations.
   § 12-2712.   Penalty.
Chapter 12-2800.  Administrative Adjudication of Parking Violations
   § 12-2801.   Legislative Findings.
   § 12-2802.   Powers and Duties of The Director of Finance.
   § 12-2803.   Delegation of Functions, Powers and Duties to The Philadelphia Parking Authority.
   § 12-2804.   Issuance and Service of Parking Tickets.
   § 12-2805.   Notice of Parking Violation.
   § 12-2806.   Answer.
   § 12-2807.   Adjudications.
   § 12-2808.   Administrative Review.
   § 12-2809.   Civil Penalties and Costs.
Chapter 12-2900.  Contractor Parking
   § 12-2901.   Definitions.
   § 12-2902.   Contractor Parking Permit.
   § 12-2903.   Rules and Regulations.
   § 12-2904.   Prohibited Conduct.
   § 12-2904.1.   Display of Invalid Permit.
   § 12-2905.   Penalties, Revocation of Contractor Parking Permit.
Chapter 12-3000.  Use of an Automated Red Light Enforcement System to Prevent Red Light Violations
   § 12-3001.   Definitions.
   § 12-3002.   Automated Red Light Enforcement.
   § 12-3003.   Defenses to Liability.
   § 12-3004.   Powers and Duties of the Philadelphia Parking Authority.
   § 12-3005.   Intersections At Which This Chapter Applies.
   § 12-3006.   Penalty.
   § 12-3007.   Notification of Violation.
   § 12-3008.   Admission of Responsibility and Payment of Fine.
   § 12-3009.   Request for a Hearing.
   § 12-3010.   Hearings.
   § 12-3011.   Appeals.
   § 12-3012.   Limitations.
Chapter 12-3100.  Selling, Leasing, or Reserving of Parking Spaces on Public Streets Prohibited
   § 12-3101.   Prohibiting the Selling, Leasing, or Reserving of Public Parking Spaces.
Chapter 12-3200.  Fee for Local Use
   § 12-3201.   Fee Imposed for Local Use.
   § 12-3202.   Use of the Fee Revenue.
Chapter 12-3300.  Self-Propelled Mobility Devices
   § 12-3301.   Operating Requirements.
   § 12-3302.   Enforcement and Penalties.
Chapter 12-3400.  Use of an Automated Speed Enforcement System to Improve Safety on Roosevelt Boulevard
   § 12-3401.   Definitions.
   § 12-3402.   Speed Limit Violations Using Automated Enforcement.
   § 12-3403.   Locations at Which an Automated System May Be Installed.
   § 12-3404.   Role of the Philadelphia Parking Authority.
   § 12-3405.   Notification of Violation.
   § 12-3406.   Fines and Penalties.
   § 12-3407.   Admission of Responsibility and Payment of Fine.
   § 12-3408.   Defenses to Liability.
   § 12-3409.   Request for a Hearing.
   § 12-3410.   Limitations.
CHAPTER 12-100.  GENERAL PROVISIONS
§ 12-101.  Short Title.
   (1)   This Title shall be known and may be cited as "The Traffic Code".
§ 12-102.  Definitions. 2
   In this Title the following definitions apply:
   (1)   Authorized Emergency Vehicle. Vehicles of the Fire and Police Departments, and such other emergency vehicles as meet the requirements of The Vehicle Code and are marked as specified by the Police Commissioner.
   (2)   Bicycle Lane. The portion of a street set aside primarily for bicycle travel. 3
   (3)   Bus Stand. A fixed area in the roadway to be occupied exclusively by buses for lay-over in operating schedules or waiting for passengers.
   (4)   Bus Stop. A fixed area in the roadway parallel and adjacent to the curb set aside for the expeditious loading and unloading of passengers only.
   (5)   Curb Loading Zone. A space adjacent to a curb reserved for the exclusive use of vehicles during the loading or unloading of passengers or materials.
   (6)   Department. The Department of Streets.
   (7.1)   Inoperable Bicycle. A bicycle or portion of a bicycle determined to be inoperable due to two or more of the following: missing wheel and tire; significantly bent or corroded wheel; missing tire without missing wheel; significantly corroded and flat tire; missing seat; missing handlebars; missing pedals; missing, broken or inoperable chain; or broken or significantly bent frame. 4
   (7.2)   Laned Roadway. A roadway which is divided into two or more clearly marked lanes for vehicular traffic. 5
   (8)   Limited Access Highway. A public highway to which the owners or occupants of abutting property or the traveling public have no right of ingress or egress to, from or across such highway, except as may be provided by the authorities responsible therefor.
   (8.1)   Live Performing Artists. Live Performing Artists include natural persons or groups of natural persons who do live performance arts including, but not limited to, music, dance, comedy, theater, and opera. 5.1
   (8.2)   Live Performing Arts. Arts performed live including, but not limited to music, dance, comedy, theater, and opera. 5.2
   (8.3)   Live Performing Arts Venues. Venues that host Live Performing Arts performances on at least three separate days per week on a regular schedule and hire one or more Live Performing Artists to perform the equivalent of sixteen individual performances per week. 5.3
   (9)   Loading and Unloading. The transfer of persons or property between a vehicle and the sidewalk, or between a vehicle and a nearby building or buildings.
   (10)   Official Time Standard. Eastern Standard time or daylight saving time, as may be in current use in the City.
   (11)   Official Traffic-Control Device. All signs, signals, markings and devices placed or erected by state or city officials having jurisdiction for the purpose of regulating, warning, or guiding traffic, in accordance with the provisions of The Vehicle Code.
   (12)   Parking Lane. The portion of a street reserved for the parking of motor vehicles.
   (13)   Parking Meter. Any device, mechanism or internet-based application used to collect payment in exchange for on street vehicle parking. A parking meter must provide instructions indicating applicable fees and parking time limitations established by the City. 5.4
   (14)   Passenger Loading Zone. A place adjacent to a curb reserved for the exclusive use of vehicles during the loading or unloading of passengers.
   (15)   Pedestrian Traffic Control Signals Designed to Meet the Needs of the Disabled and Senior Citizens. A traffic signal that has been designed and/or modified to extend the WALK phase of traffic lights to allow the disabled and senior citizens sufficient time to safely cross through an intersection. 6
   (16)   Railroad. A carrier of persons or property upon cars, other than street cars, operated upon stationary rails.
   (16.1)   Self-Propelled Mobility Device. A self-balancing two non-tandem-wheeled device or a self-balancing one-wheeled device, designed to transport only one person with an electric propulsion system. This term includes, but is not limited to, hoverboards and one-wheeled electric transporters. This term does not include: (i) self-propelled wheelchairs; (ii) electrical mobility devices, operated and designed for the exclusive use of persons with mobility related disabilities; or (iii) electric personal assistive mobility devices ("EPAMDs"), regulated under the Pennsylvania Vehicle Code, 75 Pa. C.S. § 101 et seq. 6.1
   (17)   Stop. Complete cessation of movement.
   (18)   Stop, Stopping or Standing. Any stopping or standing of a vehicle whether occupied or not, except where necessary to avoid conflict with other traffic or in compliance with the directions of a police officer or traffic control device.
   (19)   Street. Every way or place, of whatever nature, open to the use of the public as a matter of right, for purposes of vehicular travel. The term "highway" shall not be deemed to include a roadway or driveway upon grounds owned by private persons, colleges, universities, or other institutions.
   (20)   Taxicab Stand. A place set aside for taxicabs to stand or wait for passengers.
   (21)   Travel Lane. The portion of a street available to travel by all vehicle types.
   (22)   The Vehicle Code. The Vehicle Code of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, as amended.
   (23)   Valet Parking Zone. A place adjacent to a curb reserved for the exclusive use of vehicles for the expeditious loading and unloading of passengers and to turn control of the vehicle over to a valet parking operator for the expeditious removal of the vehicle from the valet parking zone to a licensed off-street parking facility. 7
   (24)   Variable Speed Limit Sign. The term shall include, but is not limited to, a blank-out message, a variable message, or a message in effect during the operation of flashing beacons. 8
   (25)   Watercraft. As defined in 30 Pa. C.S. § 102. 9
   (26)   Watercraft trailer. As defined in 30 Pa. C.S. § 5332. 10

 

Notes

1
   The Traffic Code was approved and became effective May 6, 1958, and superseded the Traffic Ordinances of March 25, 1946, as amended. See 1958 Ordinances, p. 366.
2
   Bill No. 050864 (approved January 24, 2006) would have amended and renumbered the provisions of this section. Section 2 of Bill No. 050864 provides: "This Ordinance shall take effect only upon the enactment of Bill Number 050863 providing for metered parking for physically handicapped persons on even-numbered metered blocks rather than on each metered block." Because Bill No. 050863 was not enacted, Bill No. 050864 never became effective; hence, the amendments set forth therein are not shown. Amended, Bill No. 120327 (approved June 20, 2012).
3
   Amended, Bill No. 120532 (approved January 8, 2013).
4
   Added, Bill No. 150287 (approved June 2, 2015).
5
   Renumbered, Bill No. 150287 (approved June 2, 2015).
5.1
   Added, Bill No. 160026-A (became law October 24, 2019). Enrolled bill added this as subsection (9); added as subsection (8.1) at the discretion of the Code editor.
5.2
   Added, Bill No. 160026-A (became law October 24, 2019). Enrolled bill added this as subsection (10); added as subsection (8.2) at the discretion of the Code editor.
5.3
   Added, Bill No. 160026-A (became law October 24, 2019). Enrolled bill added this as subsection (11) and renumbered subsequent subsections; added as subsection (8.3) and subsequent subsections not renumbered at the discretion of the Code editor.
5.4
   Amended, Bill No. 190463 (approved June 26, 2019).
6
   Added, Bill No. 070698-A (approved November 15, 2007).
6.1
   Added, Bill No. 160008 (approved March 8, 2016), effective April 7, 2016.
7
   Added, Bill No. 970403 (approved May 19, 1998).
8
   Added, Bill No. 070698-A (approved November 15, 2007).
9
   Added, Bill No. 080648 (approved November 19, 2008).
10
   Added, Bill No. 080648 (approved November 19, 2008).