921.13  BACKFLOW PROTECTION.
   (a)   (1)   If, in the judgment of the Superintendent of Water, or his/her authorized representative, an approved backflow prevention device is necessary for the safety of the public water system, the Superintendent of Water will give notice to the water consumer to install such an approved device immediately.  The water consumer shall, at his own expense, install such an approved device at a location and in a manner approved by the Superintendent of Water, or his/her representative and shall have inspections and tests made of such approved devices as required by the Superintendent of Water, or his/her authorized representative.
      (2)   An approved backflow prevention device shall be installed on each service line to a consumer’s water system serving premises in any of the following circumstances:
         A.   Premises having an auxiliary water system on the premises, unless such auxiliary system is accepted as an additional source by the supplier of water and the source is approved by the Director  (in which case, a physical separation shall be maintained between the public water system or a consumer’s water system and the auxiliary water system);
         B.   Premises on which any substance is handled in such a fashion as to create an actual or potential hazard to a public water system.  This shall include premises having sources or systems containing process fluids.
         C.   Premises having internal cross-connections that, in the judgment of the suppler of water, are not correctable, or intricate plumbing arrangements which make it impracticable to determine whether or not cross-connections exist;
         D.   Premises where, because of security requirements or other prohibitions or restrictions, it is impossible or impractical to make a complete cross-connection survey;
         E.   Premises having a repeated history of cross-connections being established or re-established; or
         F.   Others specified by the Superintendent of Water.
      (3)   An approved Backflow Prevention Device shall be installed on each service line to a consumer’s water system serving, but not necessarily limited to, the following types of facilities:
         A.   Hospitals, mortuaries, clinics, nursing homes;
         B.   Laboratories;
         C.   Piers, docks, waterfront facilities;
         D.   Sewage treatment plants, sewage plumbing station, or storm water pumping stations;
         E.   Food or beverage processing plants;
         F.   Chemical plants;
         G.   Metal plating industries;
         H.   Petroleum processing or storage plants;
         I.   Radioactive material processing plants or nuclear reactors;
         J.   Car washes; and
         K.   Others specified by the Superintendent of Water.
   (b)   Not later than thirty (30) days after the installation of a backflow prevention device, the water consumer shall have a person certified by the Department of Commerce and make inspections and test the device to provide approval or additional requirements for approval; and each such report shall be submitted to the Superintendent of Water or his/her authorized representative.
   (c)   Thereafter, the water consumer shall assure that any approved backflow prevention device connected to the water supply system is inspected in the same manner on an annual basis and that a written report of the results is submitted to the Superintendent or Water of his/her authorized representative.
   (d)   No person, firm or corporation shall establish or permit to be established or maintain or permit to be maintained any connection whereby a private, auxiliary or emergency water supply other than the regular public water supply of New London may enter the supply or distributing system of said Municipality, unless such private, auxiliary or emergency water supply and the method of connection and use of such supply shall have been approved by the Superintendent of Water of New London and by the Ohio Environmental Protection Agency. 
   (e)   It shall be the duty of the Superintendent of Water to cause surveys and investigations to be made of industrial and other properties served by the public water supply where actual or potential hazards to the public water supply may exist.  Such surveys and investigations shall be done by a certified technician, and shall be made at a minimum annually or as often as the Superintendent of Water shall deem necessary.  These surveys and investigations must be sent to the Superintendent of Water to be kept on file as a matter of public record.
   (f)   The Superintendent of Water or his or its duly authorized representative shall have the right to enter at any reasonable time any property served by a connection to the public water supply or distribution system of New London for the purpose of inspecting the piping system or systems thereof.  On demand the owner, lessees or occupants of any property so served shall furnish to the Superintendent of Water any information which he may request regarding the piping system or systems or water use on such property.  The refusal of such information, when demanded, shall, within the discretion of the Superintendent of Water, be deemed evidence of the presence of improper connections as provided in this section.
   (g)   The Superintendent of Water is hereby authorized and directed to discontinue, after reasonable notice to the occupant thereof, the water service to any property wherein any connection  in violation of the provisions of this section is known to exist, and to take such other precautionary measures as he may deem necessary to eliminate any danger of contamination of the public water supply distribution mains.  Water service to such property shall not be restored until such conditions shall have been eliminated or corrected in compliance with the provisions of this section.
(Ord. 2018-05.  Passed 3-12-18.)