§ 108.02  DEFINITIONS.
   The following words, terms and phrases, when used in this Chapter, shall have the meanings as ascribed to them in this section, except where the context clearly indicates a different meaning:
   ARTIFICIAL LIGHT OR ARTIFICIAL LIGHTING.  Any point source of light emanating from a device including, but not limited to, fluorescent, incandescent, mercury vapor, metal halide, sodium lamps, flashlights, spotlights, streetlights, construction lights, security lights, or any light emanating from any reflective surface of the device.
   BEACH.  That area of unconsolidated material that extends landward from the mean low-water line of the Atlantic Ocean to the place where there is a marked change in material of physical form, i.e. berm or Dune, or to the line of permanent vegetation.
   BROADWALK.  The City-owned paved area immediately landward of the beach between Sherman Street and Jefferson Street.
   BUG TYPE BULB.  Any lamp that is tinted yellow in order to attenuate its emission of short-wavelength visible light and thus reduce  its attractiveness to insects.
   COASTAL CONSTRUCTION ACTIVITIES.  Any work or activity that is likely to have a material physical effect on existing coastal conditions or natural shore and inlet processes.
   CUT-OFF ANGLE.  The angle between a vertical line through a luminaire and the first line of sight at which the glowing elements of the luminaire are no longer visible.
   DEPARTMENT.  The Florida Department of Environmental Protection.
   DUAL LIGHT TECHNOLOGY.  The use of two light sources within one fixture whereby lighting technology automatically converts between the light sources to turtle friendly lighting during Nesting Season through the use of an industry approved astronomical clock.
   DUNE.  A mound or ridge of loose sediments, usually of sand-sized, lying landward of the Beach and deposited by any natural or artificial means.
   EXISTING DEVELOPMENT.  Any development for which a certificate of occupancy or certificate of completion has been issued or for development activity for which a building permit has been issued and work has been substantially completed at the time of the effective date of this Chapter.
   FILMED GLASS.  A material applied to the entire glass area of a door or window which achieves an industry-approved shading coefficient, inside to outside, light transmittance value of 45% or less (shading coefficient of 45% or less). Such transmittance is limited to the visible spectrum (400 to 700 nanometers) and is measured as the percentage of light that is transmitted through the glass comparable to that prescribed for Tinted Glass.
   FLOODLIGHT.  Reflector-type light fixtures which are attached directly to a building or post and which are unshielded.
   FRONTAL DUNE.  The first natural or man-made mound or bluff of sand which is located landward of the Beach and which has sufficient vegetation, height, continuity, and configuration to offer protective value.
   FWC.  The Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission or successor agency.
   GROUND-LEVEL BARRIER.  Any vegetation, natural feature or artificial structure rising above the ground, which prevents beachfront lighting from shining directly onto the Beach and/or beach dune-system.
   HATCHLING.  An individual organism of any species of Marine Turtle, within or outside of a nest, that has recently hatched from an egg.
   HOLLYWOOD BEACH HISTORIC OVERLAY DISTRICT.  That portion of the City immediately east of Surf Road including the Broadwalk and bound by Sherman and Jefferson Streets, as more specifically described in Section 5.6. D.7.a of the City's Zoning and Land Development Regulations.
   ILLUMINATED, CUMULATIVELY.  Illuminated by numerous Artificial Light sources that as a group directly or indirectly illuminate any portion of the Beach.
   ILUMINATED, DIRECTLY.  Illuminated as a result of glowing element(s), gas(s), flame(s), lamp(s), globe(s), and/or reflector(s) of an Artificial Light source that is visible to an observer standing on the Beach.
   ILLUMINATED, INDIRECTLY.  Illuminated as a result of the glowing element(s), lamp(s), globe(s), or reflector(s) of an Artificial Light source which is not directly visible to an observer on the Beach including light reflected off a structure.
   LIGHT EMITTING DIODE (LED).  Miniature lamps that emit pure red or amber light, or have RGB color changing technology or Dual Light Technology.
   LINE-OF-SIGHT.  A straight, unobstructed line of direct vision.
   LOW-PRESSURE SODIUM (LPS) LUMINAIRE.  An electric discharge lamp, containing sodium, neon and argon that when illuminated appears amber-yellow.
   LOW-PROFILE LUMINAIRE.  A light fixture set on a base which raises the source of light no higher than 48 inches off the ground and designed in such a way that light is directed downward from a shielded/directional light source.
   LOW WATTAGE.  Low wattage shall be considered as 50 watts or less.
   MARINE TURTLE.  Any marine-dwelling reptile of the families Cheloniidae or Dermochelyidae found in Florida waters or using the Beach as a nesting habitat, including the species: Caretta caretta (loggerhead), Chelonia mydas (green), Dermochelys coraiacea (leatherback), Eretmochelys imbricata (hawksbill), and Lepidochelys kempi (Kemp's ridley).  For purposes of this Chapter, Marine Turtle is synonymous with sea turtle.
   NEST.  An area where Marine Turtle eggs have been naturally deposited or subsequently relocated.
   NESTING SEASON.  The period from March 1 through October 31 of each year.
   NEW DEVELOPMENT.  The result of new construction, or of the remodeling, renovation, redevelopment, repair or replacement of an existing structure when the remodeling includes the alteration of exterior lights as set forth in § 108.05 herein.
   NIGHTTIME.  The time period between sunset and sunrise.
   PERSON.  Any individual, firm, association, joint venture, partnership, estate, trust, corporation, group, state office, or unit of federal, state, county or municipal government, and all other associations and combinations, whether public or private.
   POINT SOURCE OF LIGHT.  The actual light source such as bulb, fluorescent tube, lamp etc. from which light emanates.
   POLE LIGHTING.  Light fixtures set on a base or pole that raises the source of the light more than 48" above the ground.
   RGB TECHNOLOGY.  The utilization of red, green and blue (RGB) LED lights to control the blending and diffusion of different colors and allow light movement and color changing technology.  During Nesting Season, March 1st through October 31st, the use of these lights would be restricted to those lights whose wavelength produces a light of 560 mm (nanometers) or longer.
   SHIELD.  A non-reflective opaque hood, or other covering or device, which prevents the light fixture and luminaire from producing Direct or Indirect Illumination visible to an observer standing on the Beach.
   TINTED GLASS.  Glass treated to achieve an industry-approved, inside-to-outside light transmittance value of 45 percent or less (shading coefficient of 45% or less) and complying with Section 2411 of the Florida Building Code as amended from time to time.  Such transmittance is limited to the visible spectrum (400 to 700 nanometers) and is measured as the percentage of light that is transmitted through the glass.
   TRUE NEON.  A lamp containing neon gas that emits pure red light. Not to be confused with tubular fluorescent lamps, which may appear in various colors.
(Ord. O-2011-07, passed 3-2-11)