16.49.090   Enforcement.
   (a)   Unlawful Alteration or Demolition.
   (1)   Violation - Penalties. It is unlawful for a person or entity to demolish or cause to be demolished any significant building or portion thereof in the downtown area in violation of any of the provisions of this chapter. Any person or entity violating these provisions is guilty of a misdemeanor and, upon conviction of any such violation, such person shall be punishable by a fine of not more than one thousand dollars or by imprisonment for not more than six months, or by both such fine and imprisonment.
   (2)   Civil Penalty. Any person or entity who demolishes a building or causes a demolition in violation of the provisions of this chapter may be liable civilly in a sum equal to the replacement value of the building or an amount in the court's discretion, not to exceed ten thousand dollars.
   (3)   Injunctive Relief. The city attorney may maintain an action for injunctive relief to restrain a violation or cause, where possible, the complete or partial restoration, reconstruction, or replacement in kind of any building or site demolished, altered or partially demolished in violation of this chapter.
   (4)   Restriction on Development. Alteration or demolition of a historic structure in violation of this chapter shall eliminate the eligibility of the structure's lot for any transfer of development rights, pursuant to the Palo Alto Comprehensive Plan, and such lot, if it is the site of an unlawfully demolished historic structure from which development rights have been transferred, shall not be developed in excess of the floor area ratio of the demolished structure for a period of twenty years from the unlawful demolition. A person or entity may be relieved of the penalties provided in this section if: (i) the unlawful alteration or demolition did not constitute a major alteration, as determined by the chief building official, or (ii) as to an unlawful alteration, the person or entity restores the original distinguishing qualities and character of the building destroyed or altered. Such restoration must be undertaken pursuant to a valid building permit issued after a recommendation by the historic resources board and a finding by the city council that the proposed work will effect adequate restoration and can be done with a substantial degree of success.
   (b)   Failure to Abide by Maintenance Regulations.
   (1)   Abatement. The procedures set forth in Chapter 16.40 of the Palo Alto Municipal Code governing unsafe, dangerous or substandard buildings, whether in commercial or residential use, shall be applicable to any violations of Section 16.49.080.
   (2)   Misdemeanor. It is unlawful for any person or entity to fail to maintain any building in the downtown area designated as significant or contributory in violation of Section 16.49.080. Any such violation constitutes a misdemeanor punishable as set forth in Section 16.49.090(a)(1) above. Each day of violation constitutes a separate offense and may be separately punished. The chief building official and ordinance compliance inspector are authorized to exercise the authority in California Penal Code Section 836.5 and to issue citations for violation of Section 16.49.080.
   (3)   Civil Penalty. Any person or entity who fails to maintain any building in the downtown area designated as significant or contributory in violation of Section 16.49.080 may be liable civilly in a sum not to exceed one thousand dollars. Each day of violation constitutes a separate offense for which a penalty may be assessed.
   (c)   Remedies not Exclusive. The remedies provided by this section are not exclusive.
(Ord. 3721 § 1 (part), 1986)