§ 159.143  DESIGN AND IMPROVEMENT STANDARDS FOR PARKING LOTS.
   (A)   Applicability.  All off-street parking areas shall be developed in accordance with the standards of this section, except in the case of one-family, two-family, and agricultural uses, and storage of vehicular merchandise not counting toward the minimum requirements as set forth in this chapter.  However, driveways for one-family, two-family and agricultural uses shall be limited to a width of 20 feet or 30 feet as provided in this section and one per street frontage.
   (B)   Dimensions and Layout.  Each off-street parking space shall open directly upon an aisle or driveway at least 12 feet wide or such additional width and design in accordance with Table 10, below, so as to provide safe and efficient means of vehicular access to such parking space.  Such aisle or driveway shall be unobstructed and allow for the passage of emergency vehicles at all time.
   Table 10: Off-Street Dimensions (In Feet)
(dimensions are listed in Table on following page)
Table 10
Off-Street Parking Dimensions (In Feet)
Angle
Stall Width (A)
Vehicle Projection (B)
Aisle (C)
Typical Module (D)
Interlock Reduction (E)
Overhang (F)
Curb Length (G)
Table 10
Off-Street Parking Dimensions (In Feet)
Angle
Stall Width (A)
Vehicle Projection (B)
Aisle (C)
Typical Module (D)
Interlock Reduction (E)
Overhang (F)
Curb Length (G)
9.0
9.0
12.0
30.0
0.0
0.0
20.0
45°
9.0
14.1
13.0
41.3
3.2
1.8
12.7
50°
9.0
15.3
13.7
44.3
2.8
1.9
11.7
55°
9.0
16.4
14.7
47.5
2.5
2.0
11.0
60°
9.0
17.3
16.0
50.6
2.2
2.2
10.4
65°
9.0
18.1
17.0
53.3
1.8
2.3
9.9
70°
9.0
18.8
18.3
55.9
1.5
2.3
9.6
75°
9.0
19.3
20.0
58.6
1.2
2.4
9.3
90°
9.0
19.3
20.0
58.6
1.2
2.4
9.3
 
      NOTES:   No two-way aisle shall be less than 24' in width.
            All measurements are in feet.
   (C)   Location and Access of Off-street Parking and Loading Areas.
      (1)   Right-of-Way Access.
         (a)   All off-street parking or loading facilities shall be designed with appropriate means of vehicular access to a street or alley in a manner which will least interfere with traffic movement.
         (b)   Acceleration and deceleration lanes shall be provided along arterials and major collectors where necessary, as determined through site plan review.  Such accel/decel lanes shall parallel and adjoin the improved part of the right-of-way and shall measure at least 11 feet in width.  Accel/decel lanes shall be at least 100 feet in length, exclusive of the entrance way and taper area.  However, if the lot frontage is too small to meet such requirement, the acce1/decel lane shall extend the entire width of the lot.
         (c)   Each use that fronts upon an arterial shall provide an easement for the purpose of a frontage lane to reduce the number of curbs cuts and traffic conflicts along said arterial.  The applicant shall bear the cost of constructing the frontage road across his or her own property and such frontage road shall be constructed prior to the granting of a certificate of occupancy for the use, except as otherwise provided in § 159.045(C).
      (2)   Driveways.
         (a)   Non-residential driveway entrances or exits shall be at least 25 feet from an adjoining residential property line; ten feet from an adjoining non-residential property line; or 45 feet from an intersection.
         (b)   Owners of adjoining properties shall provide combined driveways wherever practical.  In conjunction with approval of a development, the City may require a property owner to provide an access and circulation easement to an abutting owner where joint access is reasonable to serve future development.  Such entrances or exits shall be designed in such a manner as to interfere least with traffic movement.
         (c)   No single non-residential or multi-family driveway shall exceed a width of 30 feet at the right-of-way line.  However, a driveway 36 feet in width at the right-of-way line shall be permitted provided pavement markings indicate three separate lanes, one for ingress and two for egress. An entrance/exit divider not to exceed ten feet in width shall not be counted towards the width limit. Non- residential driveways are limited to one per street frontage and shall be approved by the Engineer having jurisdiction thereof.
         (d)   Driveways for single-family or two-family residential uses shall be limited to a width of 20 feet and to one per street frontage.  However, a driveway 30 feet in width at the right-of-way line shall be permitted provided that the lot width is a minimum of 80 feet and it serves a garage with at least three bays.  In addition, residential driveways located on property fronting more than one public street shall be located ten  feet from the property line farthest from the intersection, or in a location approved by the Engineer of Jurisdiction.
      (3)   Location of Accessory Parking and Loading on Same Lot.  Accessory off-street parking and loading spaces shall be provided on the same lot as the use served, except as otherwise provided in this chapter, and may be situated as one or more individual areas.
      (4)   Location of Parking and Loading Behind Required Setback.  Accessory off-street parking and loading areas shall not be located in any required yard, except as specified otherwise by this chapter.  When permitted within required yards, a landscape buffer shall be provided along the property-line of the yard in which it is located, pursuant to § 159.185.
      (5)   Design Requires Interior Circulation.  Required off-street parking spaces shall be so designed, arranged, and regulated as to have individual spaces marked, be unobstructed and have access to an aisle or driveway so that any automobile may be moved without moving another, and so that no maneuvering directly incidental to entering or leaving a parking space shall be on any public right-of-way or walkway.
   (D)   Improvement Standards for Parking Lots.
      (1)   Paving Required.  Parking and driveway areas shall be paved with asphalt or constructed of concrete or permeable pavement and be curbed with rigid or roll-type curb as per the Noblesville Standards. As an alternative to continuous curb, wheel stops or strategic breaks in the barrier curb shall be provided in order to allow for drainage into LID Stormwater BMP's.
      (2)   Drainage of Runoff.  Such parking areas shall be graded and properly drained in such a manner that there will be no free flow of water onto either adjacent property or public sidewalks.  Any runoff generated by such improved areas shall be disposed of in appropriate drainage facilities as per the Noblesville Standards and the Stormwater Technical Standards.
      (3)   Marking of Parking.  Such parking areas shall be so lined or designated as to ensure the most efficient use of the parking spaces and provided with bumper guards or wheel guards so located that no part of the parked vehicle will extend beyond the boundary of the established parking area into any minimum required yard on onto adjoining property.
      (4)   Parking Lot Lighting.  A minimum of one foot-candle of illumination shall be provided throughout the parking lot.  Illumination of off-street parking areas shall utilize fully-shielded lighting fixtures so as not to reflect direct rays of light onto adjacent properties or streets, and prevent excessive uplighting, pursuant to §§ 159.200 through 159.208.
   (E)   Landscaping.  All off-street parking areas shall be landscaped pursuant to § 159.184.
   (F)   Special Regulations for Parking Garages and Attendant Buildings.
      (1)   Buildings Used for Parking Garages.  Parking Garages, whether Principal or Accessory uses, shall be treated as any structure and shall be subject to all requirements thereof.
      (2)   Attendant Buildings.  Parking areas may be provided with one one-story shelter or guard building which shall not exceed 100 square feet of gross floor area and which shall conform to all the standards of the district in which it is located.
(Ord. 62-12-95, passed 1-22-96; Am. Ord. 7-1-98, passed 2-9-98; Am. Ord. 12-3-98, passed 3-9-98; Am. Ord. 86-11-03, passed 12-9-03; Am. Ord. 33-6-04, passed 7-13-04; Am. Ord. 56-11-07, passed 12-11-07; Am. Ord. 10-03-13, passed 4-9-13; Am. Ord. 22-06-13, passed 7-9-13 ; Am. Ord. 53-10-15, passed 11-10-15; Am. Ord. 46-07-16, passed 8-9-16)   Penalty, see § 159.999