§ 159.142  REQUIRED OFF-STREET PARKING STANDARDS.
   (A)   Computing Number of Required Spaces.  In determining the minimum required number of off-street parking or loading spaces, the following instructions shall be applicable in such computations:
      (1)   Determining Floor Area.  Off-street parking requirements shall be calculated based on gross square footage of the use to which the parking is accessory, or as otherwise provided in Table 8.
      (2)   Fractions.  If the calculation of required parking spaces results in a fraction, said fraction shall be considered as being the next unit and shall be counted as requiring one space.
      (3)   Public Assembly Seating.  In sports arenas, churches, and other places of assembly in which patrons occupy benches, pews, or other similar seating facilities, each 24 inches of such seating shall be counted as one seat for the purpose of determining requirements thereunder.
      (4)   Calculating Required Parking For Bar and Restaurant Combinations.  For bars and nightclubs which serve food and for restaurants which include a bar, required parking shall be calculated according to Table 8.  Since bars and restaurants require different parking, this table allows parking to be calculated accurately based on how much of the use is a bar and how much is a restaurant.  This table is based on the premise that a restaurant requires greater kitchen space than a bar.
 
Table 8
Calculating Parking for Bars and Restaurant Combinations
% of Gross Floor Area Devoted to Kitchen
% of Public Floor Area Calculated as "Restaurant"
% of Public Floor Area Calculated as "Bar"
40% or more
100%
0%
30 - 39%
75%
25%
20 - 29%
50%
50%
5 - 19%
25%
75%
less than 5%
0%
100%
 
To use the table determine the gross square footage of the kitchen area and divide that number by the gross square footage of the building in which it is located.  The resulting number may be converted to a percentage.  Reference that percentage in the first column of the table, and follow the row across.  If, for example, the percentage of the kitchen area is 25%, then 50% of the public floor area in the building is calculated as a bar and 50% as a restaurant.  Reference Table 9 to determine the required parking ratio for each use.
      (5)   Determining Parking Requirements for Unlisted Uses.  For uses not specified in Table 9, the number of parking spaces shall be determined by the Director of Planning and Development, on the basis of requirements for similar uses, the gross square footage of the use, and the relationship between the size of the use and the number of persons served or employed.
      (6)   Additional Parking Spaces above the Required Number as per the following Tables. Additional parking above the required number shall be increased by a maximum of 10% and be constructed using pervious concrete, permeable pavers, or other similar materials. Plans shall also incorporate an additional 2% of interior parking lot landscaping above the required percentage per Table 12.0.5.C.1. entitled 'Interior Parking Lot Landscape Requirement'. Low Impact Development (LID) landscaping standards and techniques shall be implemented.
Table 9: Required Parking Spaces
Uses
Required Parking Spaces
Table 9: Required Parking Spaces
Uses
Required Parking Spaces
Residential Uses
Bed and breakfast
2, plus 1 additional space per guest room.
Dwelling unit, multi-family
Spaces per unit
• Studio units, 1.25
• 1 bedroom, 1.3
• 2 bedroom, 1.7
• 3 bedroom or more, 1.9
Dwelling unit, single- or two- family
2 per dwelling unit
Dwelling units, zero lot line
2 per unit, at least 1 of which shall be located in a required private garage.
Home occupation
1 (minimum and maximum) in addition to residence requirement.
Housing for elderly
• Specialized care: .5 space per bed
• Minimal care: .7 space per bed
• Multi-family: .5 space per unit
Mobile home park
2 per mobile home site, plus 1 per 300 sq. ft. of any office areas.
Institutional Uses
Cemetery, crematory, or mausoleum
2 spaces and 1 per 4 seats provided for any place of assembly.
College or university
1 per 4 students, based on projected maximum enrollment; plus 1 per 4 seats in auditorium and/or gymnasium areas; plus 1 per 200 sq. ft. of office areas.
Fire Station
1 per bed in the living quarters.
Police Station
1 per 250 sq. ft., plus 1 per vehicle, or as determined by the Chief.
Hospital
1 per 3 beds plus 1 per each member of the medical staff plus 1 per each outpatient treatment room and .40 space per employee.
House of worship
1 per 4 seats in main auditorium.
Kindergarten, preschool or day nursery
1 space per 200 sq. ft.
Nursing home
1 per 2 beds
Penal or correctional institutions
1 per 10 inmates capacity
Post offices
1 space per 200 sq. ft.
Private club or lodge
1 per 250 sq. ft.
Library or museum
1 per 300 sq. ft.
Community or recreation buildings
1 per 200 sq. ft.
Civic offices
1 per 250 sq. ft.
School, Jr. High & High
1 per 6 students, based on projected maximum enrollment; plus 1 per 4 seats and/or gymnasium areas; plus 1 per 200 sq. ft. in office areas.
Trade or business school
1 per 200 sq. ft.
Commercial, Retail and Service Uses
Automobile or trailer sales area
2.5 per 1,000 sq. ft. of gross floor area of interior sales space plus 1.5 per 1,000 sq. ft. of external display (does not include stock areas closed to public) plus 3 per service bay.
Site plans submitted for automobile or trailer sales area shall illustrate the parking spaces allocated as per the above.
Automobile repair and fuel sales
3 spaces per service bay and 1 space per 250 sq. ft. of accessory retail sales area
Banks/Financial offices
1 space per 250 sq. ft. gross floor area
Office/Business/
Professional services
1 space per 300 sq. ft. gross floor area
Clinic, medical or dental, for humans
1 space per 250 sq. ft. gross floor area
Clinic, veterinary
2 spaces and 1 per 3 animal spaces (cages or kennels or pens)
Shopping centers
• 4 per 1,000 sq. ft. of gross floor area for centers up to 400,000 sq. ft.
• 4.5 per 1,000 sq. ft. of gross leasable area for centers between 400,000 to 600,000 sq. ft.
• 5.25 per 1,000 sq. ft. of gross leasable area for centers over 600,000 sq. ft.
Free-standing stores
One per 200 sq. ft. of gross floor area
Grocery or supermarket
1 per 300 sq. ft.
Plant nurseries, building material sales, equipment rental or sales yards and similar uses
1 per 300 sq. ft. of sales and display areas
Furniture and appliance stores
• Up to 15,000 sq. ft.: 1 space for each 500 sq. ft.
• 15,000 sq. ft. or more: 1 space for each 500 sq. ft. for the first 15,000 sq. ft.; 1 space for each 800 sq. ft. thereafter
Bar, Lounge, Tavern or Nightclub
1 for each 35 sq. ft. of indoor public floor area, plus 1 for each 200 sq. ft. of outdoor public seating area, excluding the first 200 sq. ft. of outdoor public seating area
Restaurants
1 for each 50 sq. ft. of indoor floor area, plus 1 for each 200 sq. ft. of outdoor public seating area, excluding the first 200 sq. ft. of outdoor public seating area.  See also "Drive Through Facilities."
Drive-through Facilities
• As Accessory Use: As required for the principal use, plus 5 stacking spaces for the first window and 2 stacking spaces for each additional window
• As Principal Use: 5 stacking spaces for the first window and 2 stacking spaces for each additional window
Greenhouse (commercial), facilities for raising or breeding non-farm fowl or animals (commercial)
3 spaces plus 1 for each 125 sq. ft. of sales area
Mortuary
1 per 2 seats (capacity) plus 1 per 30 sq. ft. of public assembly area.
Parking as a primary use
Subject to a conditional use permit and the requirements of §159.143.
Health or fitness studio
• Less than 10,000 sq. ft.: 1 per 150 sq. ft.
• 10,000 - 19,999 sq. ft.: 1 per 200 sq. ft.
• 20,000 - 29,999 sq. ft.: 1 per 250 sq. ft.
• 30,000 sq. ft. and over: 1 per 300 sq. ft.
Hotel/motel
2 plus one per guest room.
Marina
1 space per slip or berth.
Riding stable
1 per 2 horse stalls.
Stadium or coliseum
1 per 4 seats.
Swimming pools, skating rinks, tennis clubs, and similar facilities
1 per 5,000 sq. ft. of gross area or 5 per 100 sq. ft. of water or court area, whichever is greater.
Theater/cinema (indoor)
1 per 4 seats.
Dancing academy
1 per 200 sq. ft.
Billiard hall
2 per billiard table.
Bowling alley
3 per lane plus 1 per 6 spectator seats.
Campground
1 per campsite plus 1 per cabin.
Country club or golf course
1 parking space for each 200 sq. ft. of floor area in any main building plus 1 space for every 2 practice tees in the driving range, plus 4 parking spaces for each green in the playing area.
Game centers
1 per 100 sq. ft.
Industrial Uses
Manufacturing and industrial establishments
1 per 500 sq. ft. of gross floor area.
Warehousing or wholesaling establishments
1 per 800 sq. ft. of gross floor area.
Junk yard
2 per acre
Self-service storage facility
1 per 50 storage spaces, plus 1 per 300 sq. ft. of any office spaces.
Energy, Communication, and Transportation Uses
Radio or TV tower/studios
1 per 500 sq. ft.
Railway station or motor bus station
1 per 10 seats in waiting room, plus 1 per 250 sq. ft. retail area.
Sewage disposal plant
1 per 400 sq. ft. devoted to office use, plus 1 per 800 sq. ft. devoted to other uses.
Telephone exchange or public utility substation
1 space.
 
(Ord. 62-12-95, passed 1-22-96; Am. Ord. 33-6-04, passed 7-13-04; Am. Ord. 96-11-05, passed 12-13-05; Am. Ord. 13-3-08, passed 4-15-08; Am. Ord. 12-2-11, passed 3-15-11; Am. Ord. 10-03-13, passed 4-9-13; Am. Ord. 30-08-13, passed 9-10-13)  Penalty, see § 159.999