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The following programs and incentives are provided to permit reduced parking requirements in the locations and situations outlined herein where the basic parking requirements of this chapter would be excessive or detrimental to goals and policies of the city relating to traffic congestion and environmental protection.
(A) Credit For On-Street Parking. Wherever on-street parallel parking is provided in the improvement of a street, credit toward off- street parking requirements shall be granted at the rate of one off-street space per every 25 feet of frontage. However, parallel parking shall not be permitted in the following areas:
(1) Frontage on an expressway or arterial street.
(2) Frontage on a street that is less than 32 feet wide curb-to-curb or closest edge of the traveled lane.
(3) Frontage within 20 feet of a corner.
(4) Frontage within ten feet of each side of a driveway or alley.
(5) Frontage within a fire hydrant zone or other emergency access zone.
(B) Shared Parking.
(1) Purpose and Applicability. Generally, a group of non-residential uses may provide a joint parking area if the number of spaces in the area at least equals the aggregate of the spaces required for the several uses subject to the requirements for location of parking and off-site parking in this subject. However, uses that require parking areas at times when nearby uses do not need their parking facilities may, by agreement approved by the Director, use those facilities instead of providing their own.
(2) Requirements. The Director may approve shared parking facilities located on adjoining separate properties or on a single site according to the following requirements:
(a) Facilities located on adjoining separate properties must be within 600 feet of each other.
(b) A convenient pedestrian connection shall be provided between the properties.
(c) The availability of parking for all affected properties or uses is indicated by directional signs.
(d) The number of spaces proposed meets the following restriction:
1. Where the uses to be served by shared parking have overlapping hours of operation, the property owner or owners shall provide spaces equal to the total of the individual parking requirements for the uses served, reduced by 10% of that total number. The director may approve a further reduction of that number if the property owner(s) demonstrate to the satisfaction of the Director that the resulting provision of parking will be adequate for the proposed uses.
2. Where the uses to be served by shared parking do not overlap their hours of operation, the property owner or owners may provide parking stalls equal to the greater of the applicable individual parking requirements.
(3) Written Agreement Required. Prior to establishing shared use of parking, the property owner or owners shall file with the Department of Planning and Development a written agreement approved by the Director of Planning and Development providing for the shared parking use. The agreement shall also be recorded on the title records of each affected property.
(C) Mixed-Use Parking.
(a) Mixed-use Parking Program is presented as an option to reduce the total required parking in large mixed-use facilities in which the uses operate at different times from one another throughout the day. The city recognizes that strict application of the required parking ratios may result in the provision of excessive numbers of parking spaces and, therefore, excessive pavement and impermeable surfaces. A Mixed-use Parking Program allows the property developer to use parking spaces more efficiently by allowing the same spaces to be "shared" by various land uses.
(2) Applicability. The Mixed-use Shared Parking Program may be applied for wherever mixed uses are proposed.
(a) The Director of Planning and Development may authorize a reduction in the total number of required parking spaces for two or more uses jointly providing on-site parking if the respective hours of operation of the uses do not overlap, as demonstrated by the application of Table 12.
(b) If one or more of the land uses proposing to use joint parking facilities do not conform to one of the general land use classifications in Table 12, the applicant shall submit sufficient data to indicate that there is not substantial conflict in the principal operating hours of the uses. Such data may include information from a professional publication such as those published by the Institute of Transportation Engineers (ITE) or the Urban Land Institute (ULI), or by a professionally prepared parking study.
(c) For changes of use in mixed-use projects the applicant must demonstrate that parking necessary for the new mix of uses does not exceed the amount which was required by the previous mix of uses.
(d) The total number of parking spaces required per Table 9 shall not be reduced by more than 20%.
How to Use the Schedule of Mixed Use Parking:
Calculate the number of spaces required for each use if it were free-standing (refer to the Schedule of Minimum On-site Parking Requirements). Applying the applicable general land use category to each proposed use, use the percentages to calculate the number of spaces required for each time period (six time periods per use). Add the number of spaces required for all applicable land uses to obtain a total parking requirement for each time period. Select the time period with the highest total parking requirement and use that total as your mixed use parking requirement.
(Ord. 62-12-95, passed 1-22-96; Am. Ord. 12-3-98, passed 3-9-98; Am. Ord. 22-06-13, passed 7-9-13; Am. Ord. 30-08-13, passed 9-10-13) Penalty, see § 159.999