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ARTICLE I INCORPORATION AND POWERS
ARTICLE II OFFICERS OF THE CITY
ARTICLE III POWERS AND DUTIES OF THE COUNCIL
ARTICLE IV POWERS AND DUTIES OF OFFICERS
ARTICLE V SALARIES AND BONDS
ARTICLE VI ORGANIZATION OF CERTAIN DEPARTMENTS
ARTICLE VII DEPARTMENT OF BUILDING AND SAFETY
ARTICLE VIII CITY PLANNING
ARTICLE IX CIVIL SERVICE
ARTICLE X DEPARTMENT OF FIRE
ARTICLE XI HARBOR DEPARTMENT
ARTICLE XII DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH
ARTICLE XIII DEPARTMENT OF ANIMAL REGULATION
ARTICLE XIV DEPARTMENT OF LIBRARY
ARTICLE XV DEPARTMENT OF MUNICIPAL ARTS
ARTICLE XVI DEPARTMENT OF RECREATION AND PARKS
ARTICLE XVII DEPARTMENT OF PENSIONS
ARTICLE XVIII DEPARTMENT OF PENSIONS
ARTICLE XIX POLICE DEPARTMENT
ARTICLE XX DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC UTILITIES AND TRANSPORTATION
ARTICLE XXI DEPARTMENT OF SOCIAL SERVICE
ARTICLE XXII DEPARTMENT OF WATER AND POWER
ARTICLE XXIII DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC WORKS
ARTICLE XXIV DEPARTMENT OF AIRPORTS
ARTICLE XXV DEPARTMENT OF TRAFFIC
ARTICLE XXVI DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION
ARTICLE XXVII ELECTIONS
ARTICLE XXVIII FINANCE
ARTICLE XXIX BUREAU OF BUDGET AND EFFICIENCY
ARTICLE XXX BOROUGHS
ARTICLE XXXI MISCELLANEOUS
ARTICLE XXXII SUCCESSION
ARTICLE XXXIII SETTLEMENT OF EXISTING CONTROVERSIES BETWEEN THE CITY OF LOS ANGELES AND CERTAIN CORPORATIONS SUPPLYING SAID CITY AND ITS INHABITANTS WITH GAS AND OR
ARTICLE XXXIV CITY EMPLOYEES RETIREMENT SYSTEM
ARTICLE XXXV SAFETY MEMBERS PENSION PLAN
ARTICLE XXXVI CITY ETHICS COMMISSION; SPECIAL
APPENDIX A TABLE OF INCORPORATION AND CHARTERS OF THE CITY OF LOS ANGELES WITH AMENDMENTS
APPENDEX B Table of Charter Amendments
APPENDEX C Table of Cases Cited
INDEX
Los Angeles Election Code
Rules of the Los Angeles City Council

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CHAPTER IX
CHALLENGES AND PROVISIONAL VOTING
Sec. 900.  Purpose.
This Chapter sets out the process by which challenges to a voter's entitlement to vote can be made and resolved at the polling place and, where resolution in favor of the voter at the polling place is not possible, for the use of the Provisional Ballot.  The intent of this Chapter is to establish the process whereby all eligible voters are able to cast a ballot and are not denied the right to vote due to administrative errors or unsubstantiated challenges.  This Chapter applies only to elections conducted by the City Clerk.
Article A – Challenges and Resolution For Voters Listed On the Roster of Registered Voters
Sec. 901.  Challenges.
A voter whose name is listed on the Roster of Registered Voters may be orally challenged by a Precinct Board Member upon any or all of the following grounds:
(a)   That the voteris not the voter whose name appears on the Roster of Registered Voters;
(b)   That the voter is not a United States citizen 18 years of age or older;
(c)   That the voter is not a resident of the precinct;
(d)   That the voter moved out of the precinct 15 days or more prior to the election, or has moved into the precinct less than 15 days prior to the election;
(e)   That the voter has already voted that day;
(f)   That the voter’s name appears on the Vote-By-Mail or Early Voting voter’s list issued by the City Clerk and appended to the Roster of Registered Voters; or
(g)   That the voter is presently on parole for conviction of a felony.
Sec. 902.  Resolution of the Challenge to the Voter’s Identity.
If the challenge is on the grounds that the voter is not the voter whose name appears on the Roster of Registered Voters, a Precinct Board Member shall tender the following oath to the voter:  “Do you swear (or affirm) that you are the voter whose name is entered on the Roster of Registered Voters?”  Upon taking the oath, the voter shall be allowed to vote a regular ballot. 
Sec. 903.  Resolution of the Challenge to the Voter’s Age
If the challenge is on the grounds that the voter is not a United States citizen 18 years of age or older, a Precinct Board Member shall tender the following oath to the voter:  “Do you swear (or affirm) that you are a United States Citizen 18 years of age or older?” Upon taking the oath, the voter shall be allowed to vote a regular ballot.
Sec. 904.  Resolution of the Challenge that the Voter is Not a Resident of the Precinct.
If the challenge is on the grounds that the voter is not a resident of the precinct or has moved out of the precinct 15 or more days prior to the election, the voter challenged shall be sworn to answer questions and, after that voter is sworn, a Precinct Board Member shall ask the voter the following question: “Do you swear (or affirm) that you are a resident of this precinct?”  Upon taking the oath, the voter shall be allowed to vote a regular ballot.
Sec. 905.  Resolution of the Challenge that the Voter has Already Voted.
(a)   If the challenge is on the grounds that the voter challenged has already voted that day, a Precinct Board Member responsible for the conduct of the election shall tender to the voter challenged this oath:  “Do you swear (or affirm) that you have not voted this day?”  Upon taking the oath, the voter shall be allowed to vote a regular ballot, unless the challenge is based on a signature next to the voter’s name on the Roster of Registered Voters.
(b)   If the challenge is based on a signature having previously been affixed next to the name listed on the Roster of Registered Voters, then the voter will be able to vote a Provisional Ballot after taking the oath specified in Subsection (a)   above.
Sec. 906.  Resolution of the Challenge if the Voter’s Name Appears on the Vote-By- Mail or Early Voting Roster.
If the challenge is on the grounds that the voter’s name appears on the Vote-By- Mail or Early Voting voter’s list issued by the City Clerk and appended to the Roster of Registered Voters; the voter shall surrender their Vote-By-Mail Ballot after which they shall be allowed to vote a regular ballot. If the voter does not surrender their Vote-By- Mail Ballot or if they appear on the early voting list, the voter shall not be allowed to vote a regular ballot but may vote a Provisional Ballot as provided in Article C herein.
Sec. 907.  Resolution of the Challenge if the Voter is on Parole.
If the challenge is on the grounds that the voter challenged is presently on parole for conviction of a felony, the challenged voter shall not be questioned, but the fact may be proved by the production of an authenticated copy of the record by the person making the challenge. Upon presentation of an authenticated record, the voter shall not be allowed to vote a regular ballot but may vote a Provisional Ballot as provided in Article C herein. The authenticated record shall be delivered to the City Clerk along with the Provisional Ballot so that the City Clerk may determine the disposition of the Provisional Ballot.
Sec. 908.  Voter’s Refusal to Take an Oath.
If anyone challenged refuses to take an oath tendered, or refuses to be sworn and to answer the questions concerning the entitlement to vote as described in this Chapter, the voter shall not be allowed to vote a regular ballot but may vote a Provisional Ballot as provided in Article C herein.
Sec. 909.  Reading of Voter Challenges by Request.
Before administering an oath to a voter regarding the entitlement to vote as described in this Chapter, a Precinct Board Member shall, if requested, read to the voter challenged the rules prescribed in this Code.
Sec. 910.  List of Challenges.
The Precinct Board shall cause one of its clerks to keep a list, showing:
(a)   The name and address of each voter challenged,
(b)   The grounds of each challenge and the name and address of the person offering information concerning any voter’s qualification to vote, and
(c)   The determination of the Precinct Board upon the challenge, along with any evidence pertaining thereto.
Article B – Challenges and Resolution for Voters Not Listed on the Roster of Registered Voters.
Sec. 911.  Resolution of the Challenge if the Voter’s Name is Not on the Roster of Registered Voters.
If a voter is not on the Roster of Registered Voters, the Precinct Board will attempt to determine if the voter is in the correct precinct. If the voter is in the wrong precinct, the Precinct Board shall direct them to their correct precinct, but the voter may elect to vote a Provisional Ballot after the Precinct Board advises the voter that only the votes for offices and measures for which they are eligible to vote shall be counted.  If it cannot be determined whether the voter is in the correct precinct, they shall be allowed to vote a Provisional Ballot as provided in Article C herein.   
Sec. 912.  Election Day Registration.
Should Federal or State law allow a voter, who is not previously registered, to register on the day of election, that voter shall be required to vote a Provisional Ballot as provided in Article C herein.
Article C – Provisional Ballots
Sec. 913.  Definition of Provisional Voting.
In all cases where a challenge to a voter’s entitlement to vote cannot be resolved at the polling place in favor of the voter, that voter shall be allowed to vote a Provisional Ballot.  In those cases, it shall be the obligation of the Precinct Board to inform the voter of their right to vote a Provisional Ballot. 
Sec. 914.  Provisional Voting Supplies.
The City Clerk shall provide to each voting precinct sufficient Provisional Ballot envelopes and instructions on their use.  Where electronic voting equipment is utilized the City Clerk shall provide Provisional Ballot information cards and instructions on their use in conjunction with the electronic ballot activation cards, or equivalent device.  The Provisional Ballot envelopes and/or information cards shall request all relevant information required to determine the voter’s entitlement to vote in the particular election.
Article D – Determining Residence Status
Sec. 915.  Residence.
(a)   Except as otherwise provided in this Code, the term “residence” for voting purposes shall mean a voter’s domicile.  The term of domicile is computed by including the day on which the voter’s domicile commenced, and by excluding the day of the election.
(b)   The Precinct Board and the City Clerk, in determining the place of residence of any voter, shall be governed by the rules set forth below:
(1)   The domicile of a voter is the place in which the voter’s habitation is fixed, wherein the person has the intention of remaining, and to which, whenever the voter is absent, the voter has the intention of returning.  At any given time a person may have only one domicile.
(2)   A voter does not gain or lose a domicile solely by reason of the voter’s presence or absence from a place while employed in the service of the United States, or of this State, nor while engaged in navigation, nor while a student at an institution of learning, nor while housed or incarcerated in an institution.  This section shall not be construed to prevent a student at an institution of learning from qualifying as a voter in the locality where the voter domiciles while attending that institution, when in fact the student has abandoned his or her former domicile.
(3)   A voter’s domicile is not lost when the voter leaves to go into another State, or precinct in this State, merely for temporary purposes, with the intention of returning.
(4)   A voter does not gain a domicile in any precinct into which the voter comes merely for temporary purpose, without the intention of making that precinct the voter’s home.
(5)   If a voter moves to another state with the intention of making it the voter’s domicile, the voter loses the voter’s domicile in this state.
(6)   If a voter moves to another State as a place for permanent residence, with the intention of remaining there for an indefinite time, the voter loses the voter’s domicile in this State, notwithstanding that the voter entertains an intention for returning at some future period.
(7)   The place where a voter’s immediate family is domiciled is that voter’s domicile, unless it is a place for temporary establishment of the voter’s family or for transient purposes.  Residence in a trailer or vehicle or at any public camp or camping ground may constitute a permanent establishment or domicile for voting purposes, provided the registrant complies with the other requirements of this Article.
(8)   If a voter’s immediate family is fixed in one place, and the voter does business in another, the former is the voter’s domicile, but any voter who has taken up an abode with the intention of remaining, and whose immediate family does not so reside with the voter, is domiciled where the voter has taken up his or her abode.
(9)   The domicile of one spouse shall not be presumed to be domicile of the other, but shall be determined independently in accordance with this Article.
(10)   The mere intention to acquire a new domicile, without the fact of removal, avails nothing; neither does the fact of removal without the intention.
(11)   A certified copy of a current voter registration record is prima facie evidence that the voter named in the entry is a voter of the County.