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TABLE OF CONTENTS
ARTICLE I INCORPORATION AND POWERS
ARTICLE II OFFICERS OF THE CITY
ARTICLE III POWERS AND DUTIES OF THE COUNCIL
ARTICLE IV POWERS AND DUTIES OF OFFICERS
ARTICLE V SALARIES AND BONDS
ARTICLE VI ORGANIZATION OF CERTAIN DEPARTMENTS
ARTICLE VII DEPARTMENT OF BUILDING AND SAFETY
ARTICLE VIII CITY PLANNING
ARTICLE IX CIVIL SERVICE
ARTICLE X DEPARTMENT OF FIRE
ARTICLE XI HARBOR DEPARTMENT
ARTICLE XII DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH
ARTICLE XIII DEPARTMENT OF ANIMAL REGULATION
ARTICLE XIV DEPARTMENT OF LIBRARY
ARTICLE XV DEPARTMENT OF MUNICIPAL ARTS
ARTICLE XVI DEPARTMENT OF RECREATION AND PARKS
ARTICLE XVII DEPARTMENT OF PENSIONS
ARTICLE XVIII DEPARTMENT OF PENSIONS
ARTICLE XIX POLICE DEPARTMENT
ARTICLE XX DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC UTILITIES AND TRANSPORTATION
ARTICLE XXI DEPARTMENT OF SOCIAL SERVICE
ARTICLE XXII DEPARTMENT OF WATER AND POWER
ARTICLE XXIII DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC WORKS
ARTICLE XXIV DEPARTMENT OF AIRPORTS
ARTICLE XXV DEPARTMENT OF TRAFFIC
ARTICLE XXVI DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION
ARTICLE XXVII ELECTIONS
ARTICLE XXVIII FINANCE
ARTICLE XXIX BUREAU OF BUDGET AND EFFICIENCY
ARTICLE XXX BOROUGHS
ARTICLE XXXI MISCELLANEOUS
ARTICLE XXXII SUCCESSION
ARTICLE XXXIII SETTLEMENT OF EXISTING CONTROVERSIES BETWEEN THE CITY OF LOS ANGELES AND CERTAIN CORPORATIONS SUPPLYING SAID CITY AND ITS INHABITANTS WITH GAS AND OR
ARTICLE XXXIV CITY EMPLOYEES RETIREMENT SYSTEM
ARTICLE XXXV SAFETY MEMBERS PENSION PLAN
ARTICLE XXXVI CITY ETHICS COMMISSION; SPECIAL
APPENDIX A TABLE OF INCORPORATION AND CHARTERS OF THE CITY OF LOS ANGELES WITH AMENDMENTS
APPENDEX B Table of Charter Amendments
APPENDEX C Table of Cases Cited
INDEX
Los Angeles Election Code
Rules of the Los Angeles City Council

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CHAPTER VI
BALLOT MEASURES
Sec. 600.  Definition of Ballot Measures.
(a)   For purposes of this Chapter, ballot measures include any ordinance, order, resolution, charter amendment, referendum or a proposition for incurring bonded indebtedness that is to be voted upon at any City election.
(b)   Ballot measures may be placed before the voters either by the City Council or by the petition process.
Sec. 601.  Placement of Measures on the Ballot.
(a)   Adoption by the City Council of all motions requesting the City Attorney to prepare all resolutions and election ordinances necessary to place measures on the ballot, including Charter amendments, shall be made not less than 125 days prior to the date of the election at which they are to be submitted. 
(b)   Adoption by the City Council of all resolutions and election ordinances necessary to place measures on the ballot, including Charter amendments, shall be made not less than 110 days prior to an election.
(c)   The time frames above shall apply to all measures initiated by the City Council or submitted by the Board of Education, another municipality, or any other jurisdiction, except that Subsection (a) above shall not apply to measures initiated by the City Council in the circumstance where a certified initiative or referendum petition is presented to the City Council less than 125 days prior to the date of the election at which the measure is to be submitted to the voters or where a statewide special election is called less than 125 days prior to the date of the election.
(d)   A ballot measure resulting from an initiative or referendum petition shall be governed by the time frames set forth in the City Charter and is not subject to the deadlines contained in this section.
(e)   For purposes of meeting the deadlines for placing measures on the ballot contained in this section and in the City Charter, an ordinance will be deemed to have met the applicable deadline if it receives at least eight affirmative votes in the City Council by the deadline, whether that be on the day it is introduced or thereafter, provided that the ordinance ultimately is enacted into law pursuant to Charter Section 250.
Sec. 602.  Ballot Measure Title and Question.
(a)   Ballot Titles and Questions for measures to be submitted to the voters of the City shall be prepared by the City Attorney and shall be approved by the City Council not less than 110 days before the election at which the measure is to be submitted to the voters.
(b)   The Ballot Title, that shall precede the Ballot Question, is a short, impartial statement in bold capital letters indicating generally the stated purpose of the measure.
(c)   The Ballot Question shall be presented in the form of a question and shall consist of an impartial statement of the purpose of the measure and shall be in language as not to be intentionally an argument or designed to create prejudice either for or against the measure. Ballot Questions prepared in connection with City Council action to place a measure on the ballot as a result of an initiative or referendum petition shall read:
“Shall (the ordinance, order or resolution, stating the nature of the measure) be adopted?”
The Ballot Title and Question combined shall not exceed 175 words, except as to bond propositions or as otherwise limited by state law in consolidated elections.
(d)   Subsection (a), (b) and (c) of this Section shall only apply to Ballot Titles and Questions to be prepared after the City Council has voted to place a measure on a ballot; it does not apply to the prior-in-time preparation of an official title and summary for an initiative or referendum petition that requests adoption or repeal of a City ordinance proposed by the petition. Preparation of a petition official title and summary shall be done in accordance with Chapter VII this Code.
(e)   Ballot Titles and Questions prepared in connection with City Council action to place a measure on a ballot as a result of an initiative petition being certified by the City Clerk as sufficient, shall not alter the meaning of the official petition title and official petition summary.
Sec. 603.  Ballot Measure Order.
(a)   The order of all measures appearing on the ballot shall be determined by the City Council.  The City Council shall designate each measure by a number or letter and each measure shall appear in numerical or alphabetical order on the ballot.  The order and designation shall be determined by the City Council not less than 95 days prior to the election.
(b)   When a City election is to be consolidated with a State or County election, the order shall be determined in the same manner by the City Council but each measure for the City election shall be designated by a number or letter specified by the Registrar of Voters.
Sec. 604.  Ballot Measure Analysis.
(a)   Whenever any measure is to be submitted to the voters, the Chief Legislative Analyst shall prepare an impartial summary of the measure in not more than 600 words for inclusion in the Voter Information Pamphlet, provided, however, that in situations of ballot measures involving extraordinary length, detail or complexity, the City Clerk, with concurrence of the President of the City Council, may designate a different maximum number of words therefore.  The summary shall be submitted to the City Clerk at least 70 days prior to the date of the election.
(b)   The City Administrative Officershall prepare and file with the City Clerk, at least 70 days prior to the date of the election for inclusion in the Voter Information Pamphlet, a separate statement, in not more than 150 words, of the financial impact of the ballot measure, provided, however, that in situations of ballot measures involving extraordinary length, detail or complexity, the City Clerk, with concurrence of the President of the City Council, may designate a different maximum number of words therefore.  Any fiscal analysis contained in the financial impact statement shall be written in clear, concise terms which will be easily understood by the average voter and wherever possible shall avoid the use of technical terms.  The statement of financial impact shall include an estimate of the amount of any increase or decrease in revenues or costs to City government, or an opinion as to whether or not a substantial net change in City finances would result if the measure is adopted by the voters.  Any estimate of increased cost to the City government shall be set forth in boldface print in the Voter Information Pamphlet.
(c)   For any bond measure, the City Administrative Officer shall file with the Office of the City Clerk a Tax Rate Statement, not less than 88 days prior to the election, in conformance with California Elections Code Section 9401. 
(d)   Requirements of this Section shall not apply to ballot measures of the Los Angeles Unified School District or to other governmental agencies who may have measures consolidated with a City election ballot. The analysis requirements for those measures shall be governed by the applicable laws of the jurisdiction placing the measure on the City ballot, or State law, whichever law governs the placement of the measure on the ballot.
Sec. 605.  Ballot Measure Arguments.
(a)   Whenever the City Council, on its own motion, proposes a ballot measure to the voters for their approval or disapproval, the procedure set forth in this Chapter, shall be employed to inform the voters concerning the measure. 
(b)   Whenever an ordinance is proposed by initiative or referendum, the procedure set forth in this Chapter shall be employed to inform the voters concerning the measure, except that (i) the argument and rebuttal argument for initiative and referendum measures shall be written by the proponents and signed by at least one of the five proponents on behalf of the proponents filing the initiative or referendum; (ii) the length of arguments for and against initiative and referendum measures shall be no more than 1,000 words; and (iii) the length of rebuttal arguments for and against initiative and referendum measures shall be no more than 500 words.
(c)   Any person, persons or an association wishing to write an argument or a rebuttal argument must submit a request not less than 95 days prior to the election. The President of the City Council, with the approval of the Rules and Elections Committee of the City Council, shall designate a person or association of persons to write arguments and/or rebuttal arguments for and against the adoption of any measure to be placed on the ballot unless the Charter, State law, when applicable, or this Code specifically designates who may write the argument and/or rebuttal argument, not less than 90 days prior to the date of the election. If a designation is made, it shall be in writing, and shall be filed with the City Clerk on the form which shall be provided. In making a designation, the President of the City Council shall give preference in the order named as follows:
(1)   an elected officer of the City,
(2)   an appointive officer of the City,
(3)   bona fide associations of citizens,
(4)   individual voters.
(d)   In making ballot argument author designations within each of the above preference categories, the City Council President shall give priority to those persons or groups generally recognized as the major public advocates or opponents of the proposals to be submitted to the voters. 
(e)   Arguments for or against any measure shall not exceed 300 words each, and rebuttal arguments for or against any measure shall not exceed 150 words each, provided, however, that in situations of ballot measures involving extraordinary length, detail or complexity, the City Clerk, with concurrence of the President of the City Council, may designate a different maximum number of words therefor.  All arguments shall be submitted to the City Clerk at least 85days prior to the date of the election, and all rebuttal arguments shall be submitted to the City Clerk at least 75 days prior to the date of the election.  No changes to the argument or rebuttal argument shall be allowed once the argument or rebuttal argument has been officially accepted by the City Clerk.  Arguments and rebuttal arguments must be submitted within the hours specified in Section 111 (d).
(f)   In the event that more than one person or association shall request that they be designated to write an argument and rebuttal argument for or against any measure, and they cannot agree as to the wording thereof, the President of the City Council may designate two persons or associations to write an argument and rebuttal argument.  In that case, two arguments and two rebuttal arguments may be submitted to the electors, neither of which arguments shall exceed 150 words, and neither of which rebuttal arguments shall exceed 75 words.
(g)   All arguments and rebuttal arguments shall be signed by the person, persons or association designated as the author to write the arguments and rebuttal arguments.  In cases where arguments and rebuttal arguments are written by an association that was designated as the author, the name of one of the principal officers of the association shall be signed thereto following the name of the association.  The author may select other persons or associations to sign the argument and rebuttal that the author will submit.  The name or names of the person or persons selected by the author signing arguments and rebuttal arguments shall be shown on the copies of the arguments and rebuttal arguments submitted to the voters, as hereinafter provided.  The signatures on arguments and rebuttal arguments, including the author’s signatures, shall be limited to no more than 10.  The City Clerk shall develop guidelines regarding the printing of identifying titles below the signers’ names after the end of the argument and rebuttal argument.
(h)   No argument or rebuttal argument for or against any measure shall be accepted by the City Clerk unless a certificate with an original signature of the designated author accompanies the argument or rebuttal argument filed with the City Clerk.  The certificate shall be on a form prepared by the City Clerk and shall contain a statement, signed by the author designated to write the argument or rebuttal argument, that the facts stated in the argument or rebuttal argument are true.  No certificate shall be considered to meet the requirements of this section unless the certificate is verified under penalty of perjury.
(i)   The Arguments and/or rebuttal arguments submitted to the City Clerk shall include the original signature of the designated author. For additional signers, the City Clerk shall accept facsimile signatures when the argument and/or rebuttal arguments are filed.  If submitting a facsimile of the signature, the designated author must certify in writing that the facsimile signature was obtained from the person signing the argument with that person’s full knowledge and consent.
(j)   When an argument or rebuttal argument for or against the adoption of any measure shall have been prepared as herein provided and submitted within the required time, it shall be printed and submitted to each voter in the Voter Information Pamphlet and may be mailed separately or together with the Official Sample Ballot for the election concerned.
(k)   The fact that only an argument for or only an argument against a measure was submitted shall not prevent the argument from being submitted to each voter, and the fact that only a rebuttal argument for or only a rebuttal argument against a measure was submitted shall not prevent the rebuttal argument from being submitted to each voter.
(l)   The failure to appoint persons to draft arguments and rebuttal arguments or the failure of arguments and rebuttal arguments to be prepared or submitted to the voters as contemplated by this Section shall not affect the validity of any election held pursuant to the provisions of this Code.
(m)   No election, proceeding, proposition, measure or amendment, otherwise valid, shall be deemed invalid for any failure to conform to the time limits specified in this Section, provided the voters of this City voting thereon have voted in favor of the ballot measure.
Sec. 606.  Form of Ballot Arguments.
(a)   This section shall apply to the form of all arguments and rebuttal arguments that are printed in the Voter Information Pamphlet mailed to the voters.
(b)   Ballot arguments and rebuttal arguments printed in the Voter Information Pamphlet shall not contain pictures or illustrations and shall not show a facsimile of the printed ballot with an “X” or other mark appearing in the voting area, suggesting how someone should vote.
(c)   Ballot arguments and rebuttal arguments printed in the Voter Information Pamphlet shall consist solely of written arguments for or against the measure.
Sec. 607.  Voter Approval of Proposed New Charter.
The complexity, length and detail involved in presenting a new charter to the voters of the City and the Los Angeles Unified School District (with respect to provisions of a new charter relating to the election of members of the Board of Education), may require special time limits and procedures which differ from those contained in the City Election Code.  Therefore, Council may adopt an ordinance setting forth special procedures for the election regarding approval of the proposed new charter, not inconsistent with the Charter or applicable State law.  The special procedures adopted by ordinance may include procedures governing the adoption of election ordinances, motions and resolutions, the drafting and submittal of ballot arguments and analyses, the formation of a ballot simplification committee and other matters related to voter approval of the proposed new charter.  Consistent with Charter Section 412, the ordinance shall not affect any election, petition, or other election-related proceeding occurring within six months following the publication of the ordinance.
Sec. 608.  Ballot Materials.
The materials referred to in Sections 404, 405, 602, 604 and 605 shall not be false, misleading or inconsistent with the requirements of this Code.