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CHARTER OF THE CITY OF LOS ANGELES
TABLE OF CONTENTS
ARTICLE I INCORPORATION AND POWERS
ARTICLE II OFFICERS OF THE CITY
ARTICLE III POWERS AND DUTIES OF THE COUNCIL
ARTICLE IV POWERS AND DUTIES OF OFFICERS
ARTICLE V SALARIES AND BONDS
ARTICLE VI ORGANIZATION OF CERTAIN DEPARTMENTS
ARTICLE VII DEPARTMENT OF BUILDING AND SAFETY
ARTICLE VIII CITY PLANNING
ARTICLE IX CIVIL SERVICE
ARTICLE X DEPARTMENT OF FIRE
ARTICLE XI HARBOR DEPARTMENT
ARTICLE XII DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH
ARTICLE XIII DEPARTMENT OF ANIMAL REGULATION
ARTICLE XIV DEPARTMENT OF LIBRARY
ARTICLE XV DEPARTMENT OF MUNICIPAL ARTS
ARTICLE XVI DEPARTMENT OF RECREATION AND PARKS
ARTICLE XVII DEPARTMENT OF PENSIONS
ARTICLE XVIII DEPARTMENT OF PENSIONS
ARTICLE XIX POLICE DEPARTMENT
ARTICLE XX DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC UTILITIES AND TRANSPORTATION
ARTICLE XXI DEPARTMENT OF SOCIAL SERVICE
ARTICLE XXII DEPARTMENT OF WATER AND POWER
ARTICLE XXIII DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC WORKS
ARTICLE XXIV DEPARTMENT OF AIRPORTS
ARTICLE XXV DEPARTMENT OF TRAFFIC
ARTICLE XXVI DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION
ARTICLE XXVII ELECTIONS
ARTICLE XXVIII FINANCE
ARTICLE XXIX BUREAU OF BUDGET AND EFFICIENCY
ARTICLE XXX BOROUGHS
ARTICLE XXXI MISCELLANEOUS
ARTICLE XXXII SUCCESSION
ARTICLE XXXIII SETTLEMENT OF EXISTING CONTROVERSIES BETWEEN THE CITY OF LOS ANGELES AND CERTAIN CORPORATIONS SUPPLYING SAID CITY AND ITS INHABITANTS WITH GAS AND OR
ARTICLE XXXIV CITY EMPLOYEES RETIREMENT SYSTEM
ARTICLE XXXV SAFETY MEMBERS PENSION PLAN
ARTICLE XXXVI CITY ETHICS COMMISSION; SPECIAL
APPENDIX A TABLE OF INCORPORATION AND CHARTERS OF THE CITY OF LOS ANGELES WITH AMENDMENTS
APPENDEX B Table of Charter Amendments
APPENDEX C Table of Cases Cited
INDEX
Los Angeles Election Code
Rules of the Los Angeles City Council

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CHAPTER V
OFFICIAL BALLOTS
Sec. 500.  Ballots Used.
All ballots used at a City election conducted by the City Clerk shall be printed and/or created according to the specifications established in this Code.
Sec. 501.  Classification of Ballot Types.
“Official Ballots” as used in this Chapter include and are classified as follows:
(a)   a paper ballot upon which are printed the names of candidates for nomination or election to one or more offices or the ballot title and question of one or more measures; and which is voted by punching or marking the ballot in the corresponding numerically designated vote area for a given candidate or measure;
(b)   a paper ballot that is voted either by punching or marking the ballot in the place that corresponds to the numerically designated vote area for a given candidate or measure;
(1)   This type of ballot may be used by inserting it into a voting device that contains pages upon which are printed the names of candidates for nomination or election to one or more offices or the ballot title and question of one or more measures and the associated numerically designated vote areas.
(2)   This type of ballot may be used in a stand alone fashion, without a voting device, by referring to a sample ballot and then punching or marking the ballot in the corresponding numerically designated vote area for a given candidate or measure.
(c)   a ballot image presented on a computer screen through which the voter can vote by touching the screen, utilizing the key board, the mouse or equivalent device to register the voter’s choice. The electronic ballot image presented shall include the names of candidates for nomination or election to one or more offices or the ballot title and question of one or more measures and the associated numerically designated vote areas.
(d)   a generic paper ballot that is used as replacement ballots in case of emergencies; and
(e)   a write-in ballot as described in Section 506.
Sec. 502.  Provision of Paper Ballots to the Precinct Board Member. 
(a)   The City Clerk shall prepare and provide to a member of each designated Precinct Board, prior to the City election conducted by the City Clerk at which votes for public officers are to be cast, or at which any measures are to be submitted, Official Ballots in a quantity as may be required for that precinct, which ballots shall be printed in accordance with the provisions of this Code.  No ballot shall be used in voting at any Primary, General, or Special City Election conducted by the City Clerk held to nominate or elect public officers or determine questions submitted to a vote of the people except the Official Ballots furnished by the City Clerk.
(b)   In determining the quantity of ballots to be provided, the City Clerk shall use the voter turnout history of each precinct as the criterion, but in no case shall the number of ballots provided be less than 75 percent of the total number of registered voters in each voting precinct. 
Sec. 503.  Provision of Voting Devices and Electronic Voting Equipment to the Precinct Board Members or to the Polling Place.
(a)   The City Clerk shall prepare and provide to a member of each designated Precinct Board or to a responsible person at the polling place, prior to the City election conducted by the City Clerk at which votes for public officers are to be cast, or at which any measures are to be submitted, a sufficient number of voting devices or electronic voting equipment as may be required for that precinct.  No voting device or electronic voting equipment shall be used in voting at any Primary, General, or Special City Election conducted by the City Clerk held to nominate or elect public officers or determine questions submitted to a vote of the people except those furnished by the City Clerk.
(b)   In determining the number of voting devices or electronic voting equipment to be provided, the City Clerk shall use the voter turnout history and the expected turnout of each precinct as the criterion.
Sec. 504.  Ballot Form and Specifications.
(a)   Official paper ballots for all City elections conducted by the City Clerk shall be printed on paper stock approved by the Secretary of State.
(b)   All of the paper ballots prepared by the City Clerk for the same precinct shall be precisely the same in size, arrangement, quality and tint of paper, selection of typeface, and shall be printed with ink of the same tint, so that without a serial number it would be impossible in each precinct to distinguish one ballot from another.  These ballots shall be the only official paper ballots to be used by the Precinct Board in the conduct of that particular election, except for the use of emergency replacement paper ballots provided by the City Clerk, if the regular official paper ballots are damaged, lost or stolen.
(c)   On each ballot shall be printed the words “OFFICIAL BALLOT”, and the title of the election.  If another election is consolidated with the one in question, a statement to this effect shall be made if space permits.  On the next line there shall appear in boldface capital type the words “CITY OF LOS ANGELES (followed by the day of the week, the month, the day of the month, and the year)” and if necessary, a statement about any other jurisdiction appearing on the ballot.
(d)   All at-poll ballots may be identified by a precinct number in a manner prescribed by the City Clerk.
(e)   The title of the ballot provided in (c) above shall be clearly separated by a heavy line and spacing from the voting area.
(f)   Paper ballots may be designed with a detachable portion of the non-voting area of the ballot that is to be retained by the voter.  If designed in this manner, the portion to be retained by the voter will include the statement:  “This portion shall be removed and retained by the voter.”
(g)   Paper ballots may be designed so that the entire ballot is deposited into the ballot box after the voter has finished voting.  If the paper ballot is designed in this manner, the Precinct Board Member will provide the voter with a receipt of ballot form issued by the City Clerk for this purpose.
(h)   A ballot that has candidates and measures printed directly on the ballot will include the following:
(1)   Each group of candidates shall be headed by the name of the office for which they are running: "Mayor," "City Attorney," "Controller," "Member of the Council," or "Member of the Board of Education," as the case may be, or any other office that may be consolidated onto the City election conducted by the City Clerk.  The designation of the office and the number of candidates to be voted for shall be printed in bold face type not smaller than 10-point.
(2)   The designation of all of the offices and measures appearing across the top of the ballot shall be separated from the names of the candidates for those offices by a line.
(3)   Where more than one office or measure is to be printed in the same column, each office or measure shall be separated by a bold-face line and sufficient spacing to separate the office or measure and immediately underneath the title and above the name of the first candidate there shall appear the same line as used in separating the names of all candidates on the ballot.
(4)   To the right and after the names of candidates shall be a designated area, such as a square or circle in which the voter can mark or punch the voter’s choice.
(5)   The ballot shall be so printed as to give the voter a clear opportunity to designate, by markingor punching in the designated voting area at the right, the candidate of the voter’s choice or the vote for or against any measure.
(6)   The numerically designated districts from which members of the City Council or the Board of Education are elected for office shall be grouped and arranged on all ballots in numerical order.  No one may be a candidate nor have the candidate’s name printed upon any ballot as a candidate for any office from a numerically designated district other than the one indicated by the candidate in the Declaration of Intention to become a candidate, and for only one office.
(7)   Whenever any measure is submitted to the voters, it shall be printed on the ballot after the names of candidates running for offices appearing on the same ballot. A measure will be separated from the offices and candidates immediately preceding it by a heavy line and sufficient spacing to clearly separate the candidates and office from the measure. The complete ballot title prepared in accordance with Section 602 of this Code, and designated by a letter or number as provided in Section 603 of this Code, shall be printed on the ballot. Opposite and to the right of each measure to be voted on, in separate spaces, the words “Yes” and “No” shall be printed, separated from each other by a line.  If a voter marks or punches in the voting space opposite and to the right of the word “Yes,” the vote shall be counted in favor of the adoption of the measure; if the voter marks or punches in the space opposite and to the right of the word “No,” the vote shall be counted against the adoption of the same.
(8)   There shall be a line separating each measure and at the conclusion of all measures printed on the ballot there shall be a heavy line.
(i)   The ballots may contain printed code marks or punched holes, which may be used for placing the ballots in correct reading position in the counting devices.  The code marks or punched holes shall not be used in any way that will reveal the identity of the voters voting the ballots or impact the votes cast by the voters.
(j)   All official paper ballots are to be numbered consecutively with a serial number, starting with the number one, within each set of Voting precinct ballots, Vote- By-Mail Ballots and Emergency Ballots, so that the final serial number will denote the total number of ballots ordered in each classification.
(k)   Ballots to be counted by means of electronic or electromechanical devices may be of size, composition, texture, and may be printed in any type of ink or combination of inks that will be suitable for use in the counting devices in which they are intended to be placed. 
(l)   If more than one series of ballots is used at an election, different tints of cardboard stock or other suitable means may be used for each series of ballots to facilitate the sorting of ballots.
(m)   When printed, all Official Ballots shall be bound, stitched, or otherwise grouped in a manner that each ballot may be easily detached there from and removed separately.  The ballots shall also be packed and labeled with the precinct number, the number of ballots which the package contains, and any other data the City Clerk may deem necessary.
(n)   For Primary Nominating, General Municipal, and Special Elections the City Clerk shall keep a record of the total number of ballots required for each precinct and the total number of ballots printed.
Sec. 505.  Electronic Ballot, Form and Specifications.
(a)   The electronic screen image of the ballot shall contain the same material and voting instructions as to candidates and measures and shall be displayed in the same order as provided for in paper ballots and the Official Sample Ballot.
(b)   The instructions to voters displayed on the screen of electronic voting equipment may be modified as required for the proper use of the equipment.
(c)   If there are a greater number of candidates for an office than the number whose names can be placed on one electronic display screen, the electronic display screen shall clearly indicate that the list of candidates for office is continued on the following screen or screens.
(d)   The list of candidates and the full text of the ballot title and question shall be displayed on the electronic voting machine as they are displayed on the Official Sample Ballot.  However, the size or type and the spacing of the material may be varied to suit the conditions imposed by the use of electronic voting equipment.
Sec. 506.  Write-In Ballots, Form and Specifications.
(a)   Determination of the type of write-in ballot to be utilized shall be at the discretion of the City Clerk, however, the City Clerk will, to the extent feasible, utilize a write-in ballot that is most compatible with the type of Official Ballot being utilized in the election.
(b)   Consistent with the type of ballot and voting equipment utilized, the City Clerk shall provide instructions to the voter on the proper method for casting a vote for a qualified write-in candidate.
(c)   The City Clerk shall provide voters with one of the following methods for casting a vote for a qualified write-in candidate at a Primary Nominating Election:
(1)   Provide blank spaces on a stand-alone paper ballot to allow the voter to write in candidate names not printed on the ballot. The number of blank spaces provided shall be at least equal to the number of candidates for whom the voter is entitled to vote.
(2)   Provide blank spaces on the secrecy envelope used in conjunction with either a stand-alone paper ballot or a paper ballot inserted into a voting device. The secrecy envelope shall provide space in which the title of the office for which a vote is being cast may be written in by the voter as well as the name of the write-in candidate. The number of blank spaces provided shall be at least equal to the number of candidates for whom the voter is entitled to vote.
(3)   Provide a separate write-in ballot.  A separate write-in ballot shall contain blank spaces for the voter to write the names of the write-in candidates at least equal to the number of candidates for whom the voter is entitled to vote. The separate write-in ballot shall also provide space in which the title of the office for which a vote is being cast may be written in by the voter or, alternatively, shall have printed upon it the titles of the offices for which write-in votes may be cast.  All separate write-in ballots shall be designed, at the discretion of the City Clerk, so that the instructions to voters on how to vote for candidates whose names do not appear on the ballot may be printed on the write-in ballot itself or upon a stub that is retained by the voter.  Any serial numbers on the write-in ballot stubs need not be identical to those on the stubs attached to the regular paper ballots.
(4)   Provide that electronic voting equipment shall be programmed in a way that the voter may write in a candidate’s name utilizing a touch screen, the key board, the mouse or other similar equipment on the electronic voting device.  The electronic voting equipment shall be programmed in a way that the number of write-in candidates that a voter may enter is at least equal to the number of candidates for whom the voter is entitled to vote.
(d)   The acquisition and use of watermarked ballot paper authorized by the Secretary of State shall not be required for separate write-in ballots authorized by this Section.
Sec. 507.  Voting Device and Associated Pages.
(a)   As used in this Chapter, “voting device” means a device into which a ballot may be inserted and which is so designed and constructed that the choice of the voter as to any candidate or measure may be indicated by marking, punching, or slotting the ballot card.
(b)   The instrument used in conjunction with the voting device for marking the ballot may be of any size, shape, or form, and the impression or punch made on or in the ballot may be in the form of a cross, square, circle, rectangle or any other design that will clearly indicate the choice of the voter.  Any type of ink or other substance that will clearly show the voter’s choice may be used in or in conjunction with the marking instrument.
(c)   The pages connected to the voting device shall contain the same material and voting instructions as to candidates and measures and shall be printed in the same order as provided for paper ballots, and may be arranged in parallel columns on one or more pages as required.
(d)   If there are a greater number of candidates for an office than the number whose names can be placed on one page, the page shall clearly indicate that the list of candidates for office is continued on the following page or pages.
(e)   The list of candidates and the full text of the Ballot Title and Questions shall be displayed on the voting device as they are displayed on the Official Sample Ballot.  However, the size or type and the spacing of the material may be varied to suit the conditions imposed by the use of the voting device.
(f)   In any election where ballots are to be counted both manually and by electromechanical counting devices, the marking instrument used for marking ballots to be counted electromechanically may be used for marking ballots to be counted manually.
(g)   Ifa specialized marking instrumentis utilized for marking the ballot, the instrument shall be available in the voting booth ormay be handed to the voter with the ballot before the voter goes into the voting booth, and in which case the marking instrument shall be returned to the Precinct Board after the voter has finished marking the ballot.
Sec. 508.  Demonstration Ballots, Voting Devices and Electronic Voting Equipment.
(a)   At each polling place, the City Clerk shall provide instructional materials as well as demonstration ballots, voting devices and/or electronic voting equipment to assist voters in preparing to cast their ballot.
(b)   The demonstration ballots, voting devices and/or electronic voting equipment provided at each polling place will be the same as the type of ballots, voting devices and/or electronic voting equipment that will be used to vote in that polling place, except as noted in paragraph (c)   below.
(c)   The instructional materials as well as the demonstration ballots, voting devices and/or electronic voting equipment provided to assist voters in preparing to cast their ballot shall not bear the name of anyone who is a candidate at the election nor the title of any measure to be voted on at the election.