No person, except those persons who are specifically exempted by this chapter, whether acting as an individual owner, employee of the owner, operator or employee of the operator, or whether acting as an agent or independent contractor for the owner, employee or operator, or as a participant or worker, shall, in any way, directly or indirectly, give a massage, operate a massage establishment or perform any of the services defined in this chapter without first obtaining a license from the City, for massage establishments, or violate any provision of this chapter. 
(Ord. 90-204.  Passed 7-16-90.)