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(a) Disclosure in Purchase or Lease of Target Housing.
(1) A seller or lessor of target housing must disclose information concerning lead upon the transfer of any target housing pursuant to the Residential Lead-Based Paint Hazard Reduction Act of 1992, 42 U.S.C. 4852d, and shall adhere to all rules and regulations promulgated under the Act, as may be amended from time to time. Before a purchaser or tenant is obligated under a contract to purchase target housing or a rental agreement to lease target housing, the seller or lessor shall perform the activities and provide the disclosures described in this section:
A. Provide the purchaser or tenant with an EPA-approved lead hazard information pamphlet;
B. Disclose to the purchaser in writing in the sales contract, or to the tenant, in writing in the rental agreement: (i) the presence of any known lead-based paint, or any known lead-based paint hazards, in the housing; (ii) any additional information available concerning the known lead-based paint and/or lead-based paint hazards, such as the basis for the determination that lead-based paint and/or lead-based paint hazards exist, the location of the lead-based paint and/or lead-based paint hazards, and the condition of the painted surfaces; and (iii) whether the property or unit is under a lead hazard control order;
C. Disclose to the tenant a copy of the most recent clearance examination or lead risk assessment and, if applicable, the lead-safe certification;
D. Provide to the purchaser or tenant any records or reports (including notices or letters of violation) available pertaining to lead-based paint or lead-based paint hazards in the target housing, including regarding common areas, and regarding other residential dwellings in multi-family target housing, provided that the information is part of an evaluation or reduction of lead-based paint and/or lead-based paint hazards in the target housing;
E. Permit the purchaser a ten (10) day period (unless the parties mutually agree in writing to a different period of time or to waive this requirement) to conduct a lead risk assessment or lead inspection for the presence of lead-based paint and/or lead-based paint hazards;
F. Include in the sale or rental agreement the Lead Warning Statement prescribed in 40 C.F.R. 745.113;
G. Include in the sale or rental agreement acknowledgments that the pamphlet, disclosures, ten (10) day period (if required) and warning required were provided.
(2) Discovery of Lead Hazards or Presumed Lead Hazards. If the owner of a residential unit learns of the presence of lead-based paint and/or lead-based paint hazards the owner shall notify each tenant of the presence of lead-based paint and/or lead-based paint hazards within ten (10) days of discovering its presence. In addition, the owner shall notify prospective tenants of presumed lead-based paint and shall provide each tenant with a Lead Warning Statement and the lead hazard information pamphlet, as prescribed by 42 U.S.C. 4852d.
(3) Compliance Assurance. Whenever a seller or lessor has entered into a contract with an agent for the purpose of selling or leasing a unit of target housing, the agent, on behalf of the seller or lessor, shall ensure compliance with the requirements of this section and 40 C.F.R. 745 Subpart F. An agent means any party who enters into a contract with a seller or lessor, including any party who enters into a contract with a representative of the seller or lessor, for the purpose of selling or leasing target housing. The term "agent" does not apply to purchasers or any purchaser's representative who receives all compensation from the purchaser.
(b) Penalties for Violations.
(1) Criminal Penalty. Any person who knowingly fails to comply with any provision of this section shall be subject to the penalties provided in Section 240.99.
(2) The Director of Public Health or Commissioner is authorized to take lawful action as may be necessary to enforce this section or to enjoin any violation of it.
(3) Civil Liability. Any person who violates any provision of this section will be jointly and severally liable to the purchaser or lessee in an amount equal to one (1) month's rent or one (1) month's mortgage payment.
(4) In any action brought for damages under this section, the appropriate court may award court costs to the party commencing the action, together with reasonable attorney fees and any expert witness fees, if that party prevails.
(5) A non-profit environmental health or housing rights organization is authorized to bring an action under division (b)(3) of this section on behalf of an aggrieved individual or individual(s) for violations of this section. Such organization may recover its costs under the remedies provided in divisions (b)(3) and (b)(4) of this section if the organization demonstrates that it has exerted organizational resources, including staff time, to investigate the alleged non-compliance with this section.
(c) Validity of Contracts and Liens. Nothing in this section may affect the validity or enforceability of any sale or contract for the purchase and sale or lease of any interest in residential real property or any loan, loan agreement, mortgage, or lien made or arising in connection with a mortgage loan, nor may anything in this section create a defect in title.
(Ord. No. 747-2019. Passed 7-24-19, eff. 7-26-19)