1145.05  OFF-STREET PARKING AND LOADING REQUIREMENTS.
   (a)    Purpose.  The purpose of requiring off-street parking and of this section is to alleviate or prevent congestion of the public streets and so promote the safety and convenience of the public, by establishing minimum requirements for off-street parking and loading in accordance with the use of the property.
   (b)    Definitions.
      (1)    FLOOR AREA: As used in this section, "Floor area" means total floor area of a structure, including basements, computed in square feet as measured from the exterior of outside walls.
      (2)    OFF-STREET PARKING SPACE. For the purpose of this section, "off- street parking space" means an area, exclusive of driveways, permanently reserved and available for the storage of one motor vehicle, whether enclosed or unenclosed, not in a public right-of-way, and which has satisfactory ingress and egress to a public street or alley.
      (3)    STACKING SPACE. A paved surface designed to accommodate a motor vehicle waiting for entry to any drive-in facility or auto-oriented use, which is located in such a way that parking space or access to a parking space is not obstructed, and which is at least nine (9) feet in width and nineteen (19) feet in length.
   (c)    Waterville Central Business District Exempted.  Off-street parking and loading
spaces shall not be required for any uses in the C-2 Downtown Commercial District.
   (d)    Schedule of Parking Requirements. In all districts except the Central Business District, as defined in Section 1145.05(c), off-street parking spaces shall be provided at the time any building is erected, relocated or rebuilt, according to the schedule below:
   Except in a shopping center (indoor or outdoor) or clustered commercial facility "floor area" as used in this section means the gross leasable floor area designated for tenant occupancy and specified use including basements, mezzanines, upper floors, if any, computed in square feet as measured from center line of joint partitions and exteriors of outside walls. Such calculations shall not include common mall pedestrian walkways and other areas devoted to such features as fountains and gardens.
(Ord. 23-05.  Passed 1-23-06.)
      (1)   Schedule.
 
Land Use
Required Parking Spaces
A.  Residential
 
1.  Single-family or two-family dwellings
Two (2) for each dwelling unit
2.  Apartments, multi-family dwellings, condominiums, townhouses, mobile home parks
Two and one-quarter (2 1/4) for each dwelling unit
3.  Assisted Living - Dependent
Three (3) spaces minimum plus one-half (½) for each dwelling unit.
4.  Assisted Living - Independent
One (1) for each dwelling unit.
5.  Bed and breakfast
Two (2) plus one (1) for each guest room.
B.  Commercial
 
1.  Gasoline service stations
One (1) for each 50 sq. ft. of floor area in the cashier and office areas or three (3), whichever is more, for cashier and office use, plus one (1) space provided at each fuel dispenser.  Gasoline stations providing car wash facilities, lubrication facilities, sale of food, beverages and other products shall provide additional off-street parking spaces based upon the requirements for such uses.
2.  Funeral homes, mortuaries and similar type uses
One (1) for each 75 sq. ft. of floor area of each assembly room
3.  Retail stores, except as otherwise specified herein
One (1) for each 300 sq. ft. of floor area
4.  Banks, financial institutions and similar uses
One (1) for each 300 sq. ft. of floor area
5.  Offices, public or professional administration, or service buildings except as otherwise specified herein
One (1) for each 300 sq. ft. of gross leaseable flood area
6.  Medical and dental clinics, professional offices of doctors, dentists and similar professions
One (1) for each 250 sq. ft. of floor area
7.  Shopping center or clustered commercial
One (1) for each 300 sq. ft. of floor area
8.  Auto Wash (automatic)
Two (2) spaces minimum, plus waiting spaces equal in number to three (3) times the auto wash’s maximum capacity, defined as the length of each wash line in feet divided by 20
 
 
Land Use
Required Parking Spaces
9.  Auto Wash (self-service)
Three (3) for each washing stall in addition to the stall itself
10.  Hair salon or barber shop
Three (3) for each of the first two (2) styling or barber chairs plus one and one-half (1 ½) for each additional chair
11.  Restaurants, dining rooms, taverns, nightclubs, lodging halls, reception halls, exhibition halls, assembly halls or private clubs (eating on premises)
One (1) for each 200 sq. ft. of floor area with a minimum of ten (10) spaces.
12.  Restaurants, taverns, nightclubs, lodge halls or private clubs (carry-out; no eating on premises)
One (1) for each 75 sq. ft. for the first 750 sq. ft., plus one (1) space for each 100 sq. ft. over 750 sq. ft.
13.  Furniture, appliance, household equipment or hardware stores
One (1) for each 800 sq. ft. of floor area with a minimum of ten (10) spaces.
14.  Laundromats and coin operated dry cleaners
One (1) for each 250 sq. ft. of floor area
15.  Motels, hotels or other commercial lodging establishments
One and one-quarter (1 1/4) for each occupancy unit plus such additional off-street parking as required for other uses on the premises such as conference, dining and meeting rooms.
16.  Meeting rooms as part of other on- premises uses
One (1) for each 200 sq. ft. of floor area
17.  Motor or recreational vehicle sales and service establishments
One (1) for each 400 sq. ft. of sales room floor area plus one and one-half (1 ½) for each service bay
18.  Open air business
One (1) for each 600 sq. ft. of lot area
19.  Drive-through banks
One (1) for each 50 sq. ft. of floor area or two (2), whichever is more, for employee use, plus one (1) space at each drive up window, plus three (3) waiting spaces for each drive up window
20.  Oil change and lubrication station
One (1) for each 50 sq. ft. of floor area or two (2), whichever is more, for employee use, plus three (3) waiting spaces for each service bay
 
 
Land Use
Required Parking Spaces
C.  Recreational or Entertainment
 
1.  Bowling alleys
Four (4) for each bowling lane plus such additional off-street parking as required for other uses on the premises such as conference, dining and meeting rooms
2.  Private tennis clubs
Six (6) for each court plus one (1) for each seat in spectator areas
3.  Roller rinks or ice skating rinks
One (1) for each 150 sq. ft. of floor area without fixed seats
4.  Amusement arcade
One (1) for each 150 sq. ft. of floor area
5.  Theatres and auditoriums
One (1) for each three (3) seats
6.  Athletic clubs, exercise establishments, health clubs, martial arts clubs and similar uses
One (1) for each 200 sq. ft. of floor area
D.  Institutional
 
1.  Churches and other places of religious assembly
One (1) for each 30 sq. ft. of floor space in the main worship area plus such additional off-street parking as required for other uses on the premises such as classrooms and meeting rooms
2.  Hospitals
One and one-quarter (1 1/4) for each bed, plus such additional off-street parking as required for other uses on the premises
3.  Homes for the aged, nursing homes, convalescent homes, children’s homes
One (1) for each three (3) beds.
4.  Libraries, museums, art galleries, community centers and post offices
Ten (10) spaces plus one (1) for each 300 sq. ft. of floor area in excess of 2,000 sq. ft.
E.  Schools
 
1.  Elementary and junior high schools
Two (2) spaces for each classroom, plus such additional off-street parking as required for other uses on the premises such as an auditorium, theatre, gymnasium, and stadium
2.  Senior high schools, business and technical schools, colleges and universities
As approved by the Planning Commission based on a parking study of the institution
 
 
Land Use
Required Parking Spaces
3.  Day care, child or adult
One (1) for each 500 sq. ft. of floor area
F.  Other
 
1.  All types of manufacturing uses
As approved by the Planning Commission based on a parking study of the proposed use
2.  Cartage, express, parcel delivery, freight terminals, warehouses
One (1) for each 1,000 sq. ft. of floor area
3.  Wholesale facility
One (1) for each 750 sq. ft. of floor area
4.  Self-service storage facility
Five (5) plus one (1) for each ten (10) storage units
 
(Ord. 34-15.  Passed 11-23-15.)
   (e)    Rules for Computing the Number of Required Spaces.
      (1)    In the case of mixed uses, the parking spaces required shall equal the sum of the requirements of the various uses computed separately.
      (2)    Where fractional spaces result, the parking spaces required shall be construed to be the next whole number.
      (3)    Parking spaces for other permitted or conditional uses not listed in this section shall be determined by the Planning Commission with the approval of Council.
      (4)    Where there is an adequate public transit system or where for any other reason parking demand is unusually low, then the parking space provisions cited above may be reduced proportionately by the Planning Commission with the approval of Council.
      (5)    For purposes of computation of off-street parking, garage areas and carports shall be counted in arriving at the number of off-street spaces required in residential districts.
   (f)    Application to Existing Buildings and Change of Use.  Buildings existing at the time of adoption of this ordinance, which do not meet the off-street parking requirements, may be structurally altered to the extent of fifty percent (50%) of the floor area of the original building, and the use of such buildings may be changed to an equally intensive or less intensive use, without providing the required off-street parking spaces. However, if such buildings are structurally altered to an extent greater than fifty percent (50%) of the floor area of the original building, or if the use is changed to a more intensive use, such as the conversion of a single- family dwelling to an apartment, all required off-street parking spaces shall be provided.
   (g)    Existing Parking Spaces. Accessory off-street parking spaces in existence at the time of adoption of this ordinance may not be reduced in number below the number required herein for equivalent new construction, or, where below the required number, may not be further reduced below the number required for equivalent new construction.
   (h)   Joint Use. Two or more non-residential uses may jointly provide and use parking spaces when their hours of operation do not normally overlap, provided that a written agreement approved by the Planning Commission and Council shall be filed with the application for a zoning permit.
   (i)    Location of Parking Spaces. The following regulations shall govern the location of off-street parking spaces and areas:
      (1)    Parking spaces for all detached residential uses shall be located on the same lot as the use which they are intended to serve;
      (2)    Parking spaces for commercial, industrial, or institutional uses shall be located not more than 700 feet from the principal use;
      (3)    Parking spaces for apartments, dormitories, or similar residential uses shall be located not more than 300 feet from the principal use;
      (4)    Detached parking areas shall not be located across a thoroughfare where the legal speed limit exceeds 25 mph unless a traffic control device (traffic light or stop sign) is installed at a crosswalk;
      (5)    The Board of Zoning Appeals has authority to allow location of required parking spaces on lots separated from the lot on which the use served is located;
      (6)    Minimum distance setbacks. No part of any parking area for more than ten vehicles shall be closer than twenty feet to any dwelling unit, school, hospital, or other institution for human care located on an adjoining lot, unless separated by an acceptably designated screen. In no case shall any part of a parking area be closer  than four feet to any established street or alley right-of-way.
   (j)    Parking Spaces Prohibited in Required Front Yard in Residential Districts.
Required off-street parking spaces shall not be permitted in a required front yard in residentially zoned districts.
   (k)    Improvements Required for Parking Spaces in all Zoning Districts.
      (1)    Parking space dimensions. A parking space shall have minimum rectangular dimensions of not less than nine feet in width and nineteen feet in length for ninety degree parking, nine feet in width and twenty- three feet in length for parallel parking, ten feet in width and nineteen feet in length for sixty degree parking, and twelve feet in width and nineteen feet in length for forty-five degree parking. All dimensions shall be exclusive of driveways, aisles, and other circulation areas. The number of required off-street parking spaces is established in subsection (d) (2) hereof.
      (2)    Width of driveway aisle. Driveway serving individual parking spaces shall be not less than twenty-five feet wide for ninety degree parking, twelve feet wide for parallel parking, seventeen and one-half feet for sixty degree parking, and thirteen feet for forty-five degree parking.
      (3)    Paving. The required number of parking and loading spaces as set forth in this section, together with driveways, aisles, and other circulation areas, shall be improved with Portland cement concrete, or asphaltic concrete.
      (4)    Wheel blocks. Whenever a parking lot extends to a property line, wheel blocks or other suitable devices shall be installed to prevent any part of a parked vehicle from extending beyond the property line.
      (5)   Drainage. All parking and loading areas where more than five spaces are required shall provide for proper drainage of surface water to prevent the drainage of such water onto adjacent properties or walkways.
      (6)    Striping. All parking areas with a required capacity over two vehicles shall be striped between stalls to facilitate the movement into and out of the parking stalls.
      (7)    Maintenance. The owner of property used for parking and/or loading shall maintain such area in good condition without holes and free of all dust, trash, and other debris.
      (8)    Lighting. Any parking area except in single family and duplex residential areas which is intended to be used during non-daylight hours shall be properly illuminated to avoid accidents. Any lights used to illuminate a parking lot shall be so arranged as to reflect the light away from the adjoining property. (See Section 1145.11)
   (l)    Access.
      (1)    Any parking area shall be designated in such a manner than any vehicle leaving or entering the parking area from or into a public or private street shall be traveling in a forward motion. Access driveways for parking areas or loading spaces shall be located in such a way that any vehicle entering or leaving such area shall be clearly visible for a reasonable distance to any pedestrian or motorist approaching the access or driveway from a public or private street.
      (2)    Width of access driveway. The entrances and exits to the parking area shall be clearly marked. Interior vehicular circulation by way of access roads shall maintain the following minimum standards: For one-way traffic, the minimum width of fourteen feet except for forty-five degree parking in which case the minimum width of the access road shall be seventeen feet. Access roads for two-way traffic shall have a minimum width of twenty-four feet. Parking areas having more than one aisle or driveway shall have directional signs or markings in each aisle or driveway.
   (m)   Requirements for Parking Areas Adjacent to Land Used for and Zoned for Residential Purposes. The following requirements apply to all parking areas which have five or more spaces and which are adjacent to land which is used for or zoned for residential purposes. Included in this category are parking spaces which are within residential areas themselves, such as for schools, churches and other special uses, and also parking areas within commercial and industrial districts adjacent to residential used or zoned areas.
      (1)    Screening and/or landscape. Whenever a parking area is located in or adjacent to a residential used or zoned area it shall be effectively screened on all sides which adjoin or face any property used for residential purposes, by an acceptably designed wall, fence, or planting screen. Such fence, wall, or planting screen shall not be less than four feet nor more than six feet in height and shall be maintained in good condition. The space between such fence, wall, or planting screen, and the lot line of the adjoining premises in any residential district shall be landscaped with grass, hardy shrubs or evergreen ground cover, and maintained in good condition. In the event that terrain or other natural features are such that the erection of such fence, wall, or planting screen will not serve the intended purposes, then no such fence, wall, or planting screen and landscaping shall be required.
      (2)    Parking areas shall be set back five feet or more from a rear yard of a residential parcel, and screened as above. The Board of Zoning Appeals has authority to waive the requirements for parking areas adjacent to side and rear yards, with substitution of a wall for the setback.
   (n)    Additional Requirements for Special Use Commercial and Industrial Parking Areas in Residential Districts. Sometimes it is necessary and desirable to serve the off-street parking needs of businesses and industries with parking spaces located in adjacent residential districts. This section allows application for this as a special use under Chapter 1148. In addition to the regular procedures and criteria for handling special uses, the following additional requirements shall apply to such parking areas:
      (1)    The parking area must be adjacent to a commercial or industrial district and shall not extend more than 150 feet away from such district. Penetration of residential property for the establishment of an off-street parking area shall be measured at right angles from the residential line adjoining such commercial or industrial district.
      (2)    Ingress and egress to the parking area shall be from a major street, or from a street located in a commercial or industrial district.
      (3)    All the requirements for yards, screening, and lighting facilities listed in Paragraph (m) (1) above shall apply to parking areas covered by this section.
      (4)    No business involving the repair or service of vehicles, or sale, or display thereof shall be conducted from or upon such parking areas.
      (5)    No signs shall be erected on the parking area except directional signs, as permitted in residential districts.
      (6)    No structures shall be erected or remain on any portion of the parking area.
      (7)    Parking areas shall be used only for the parking of patrons' and employees' private passenger vehicles, and no charge shall be made for said parking.
   (o)    Off- Street Loading Space Requirements (Excludes Central Business District).
      (1)    Definition of loading space. A space within the main building or on the same lot, providing for the standing, loading or unloading of trucks, having a minimum dimension of 12 by 55 feet and a vertical clearance of at least 14 feet.
      (2)    Standard and schedule of loading space requirements. Whenever the normal operation of any development requires that goods, merchandise or equipment be routinely delivered to or shipped from that development, sufficient off-street loading spaces must be provided to accommodate the delivery or shipment operations in a safe and convenient manner. The following tables indicate the number of loading spaces that presumptively satisfy the foregoing standard. However, the Planning Commission may require more or fewer loading spaces if reasonably necessary to satisfy the foregoing standard.
         A.   Each use of an institutional, personal or professional service nature, including but not limited to a business office, hotel, motel, recreational or entertainment type use shall provide loading spaces based on gross floor area as follows:
 
Gross Floor Area      Off-Street Loading
      (sq. ft.)         Space Requirements
Less than 20,001      none (0)
20,001 to 50,000      one (1)
50,001 to 100,000      two (2)
More than 100,000      three (3) plus one (1) loading space for each 100,000 sq. ft. or fraction thereof in excess of 200,000 sq. ft.
         B.   Each commercial or industrial type use involving the retail or wholesale exchange, sale, storage, warehouse, trucking terminal, processing or manufacturing of merchandise or personal property of any type shall provide loading spaces based on gross floor area as follows:
 
Gross Floor Area      Off-Street Loading
      (sq. ft.)         Space Requirements
Less than 5,001      none (0)
5,001 to 20,000      one (1)
20,001 to 40,000      two (2)
40,001 to 75,000      three (3)
75,001 to 125,000      four (4)
More than 125,000      five (5) plus one (1) loading space for each 100,000 sq. ft. or fraction thereof in excess of 200,000 sq. ft.
         C.   Other non-residential buildings having more than 10,000 square feet of floor area shall provide one off-street loading space.
      (3)    Conditions. The following conditions shall apply to the provision of off- street loading spaces:
         A.   Each loading space shall be so located and designed that the vehicles intended to use them can maneuver safely and conveniently to and from a public street or alley and complete the loading and unloading operations without substantial  interference with any public right-of-way or any parking space or parking lot aisle.
         B.   Each loading space shall be Portland cement concrete or asphaltic concrete.
         C.   Space allocated to required off-street loading spaces may not be included in required off-street parking areas, nor shall an off- street loading space be used for normal vehicle repair or service work.
         D.   All required loading spaces shall be on the same lot as the use served.
         E.   Off-street loading spaces abutting the side or rear yard of a residential district shall be suitably screened or fenced from view.
         F.   No loading space shall be located in a required front or side yard. If located in a required rear yard, the space shall be open to the sky.
   (p)    Accessible Parking Space Requirements. Parking spaces shall be designated for the physically handicapped and may be used to compute the total number of spaces required. All such handicapped parking spaces shall be designated by free-standing signs as provided for pursuant to the Ohio Manual of Uniform Traffic Control Devices, Type R-59-A and/or R-59- 13. The number and location of the designated spaces shall be in compliance with the Ohio Basic Building Code (OAC 4101:1-11-03.2.1) which currently is as follows:
 
Total Spaces         Minimum Number
in Lot            of Accessible Spaces
1 to 25          one (1)
26 to 50         two (2)
51 to 75          three (3)
76 to 100         four (4)
101 to 150         five (5)
151 to 200         six (6)
201 to 300         seven (7)
301 to 400         eight (8)
401 to 500         nine (9)
501 to 1,000         two percent (2%) of total
More than 1,000      20 plus 1 for each 100
                over 1,000
   (q)   Cueing Space for the Disembarkation of Passengers. The following commercial
establishments must provide off-street holding or waiting area for the indicated  number of cars. This section is subject to review by the Planning Commission:
 
Churches          10
Schools          10
Theaters          10
Nursery schools       6
Hotel, motels          6
Funeral homes       6 
Meeting halls          6
Hospitals, nursing homes    6
Libraries, museums       6
   (r)    Stacking Space Requirement. Commercial establishments that include drive-in or drive-through services that create lines of customers waiting to be served within automobiles shall provide off-street stacking areas.
      (1)    EDITOR’S NOTE: Former subsection (r)(1) hereof was repealed by Ordinance 34-15.
      (2)    Drive-in restaurants and other similar uses which require an additional stopping point for ordering or payment shall provide a minimum of four (4) additional stacking spaces for each such stopping point. The total number of stacking spaces shall be allocated at each of the stopping points as necessary to prevent vehicles from causing congestion in the public right-of- way.
      (3)    EDITOR’S NOTE: Former subsection (r)(3) hereof was repealed by Ordinance 34-15.
      (4)    Motor vehicle service stations shall provide no fewer than two (2) stacking spaces for each accessible side of a gasoline pump island.
   (s)    Application for Approval of Parking Plan.
      (1)   For proposed new residences, or for enlarged or altered buildings to be used as residences, the location, size and all details required in this section shall be shown with dimensions on a separate drawing attached to the application for a zoning certificate. The plan shall be reviewed and approved by the Zoning Inspector and/or Municipal Administrator before construction begins. In the case of all purposes other than residential, the drawing shall be referred to the City Engineer for review. Based upon the Engineer's advice, the Municipal Administrator shall approve the plan before construction commences.
      (2)   For changes in use of a building which does not involve the need of a zoning certificate, the location, size and all details required in this section shall be shown with dimensions on a drawing submitted to the Municipal Administrator. The drawing shall be submitted to the City Engineer for review except when the building is to be used for residential purposes. The Municipal Administrator must approve the plan before construction begins.
   Appeals from a decision of the Zoning Inspector and/or Municipal Administrator denying approval shall be made in the manner elsewhere provided in the Code.
(Ord. 23-05.  Passed 1-23-06.)