Skip to code content (skip section selection)
(a) No person, knowing that a felony has been or is being committed, shall knowingly fail to report such information to law enforcement authorities.
(b) No physician, limited practitioner, nurse or person giving aid to a sick or injured person, shall negligently fail to report to law enforcement authorities any gunshot or stab wound treated or observed by him, any serious physical harm to persons that he knows or has reasonable cause to believe resulted from an offense of violence, any second or third degree burn that was inflicted by an explosion or other incendiary device, or any burn that shows evidence of having been inflicted in a violent, malicious or criminal manner.
(c) No person who discovers the body or acquires the first knowledge of the death of any person shall fail to report the death immediately to any physician whom the person knows to be treating the deceased for a condition from which death at such time would not be unexpected, or to a law enforcement officer, ambulance service, emergency squad or the County Coroner in the county in which the body is discovered, the death is believed to have occurred or knowledge concerning the death is obtained.
(d) No person shall fail to provide upon request of the person to whom he has made a report required by subsection (c) hereof, or to any law enforcement officer who has reasonable cause to assert the authority to investigate the circumstances surrounding the death, any facts within his knowledge that may have a bearing on the investigation of the death.
(e) Subsection (a) or (d) hereof does not require disclosure of information, when any of the following applies:
(1) The information is privileged by reason of the relationship between attorney and client, doctor and patient, licensed psychologist or licensed school psychologist and client, clergyman or rabbi or minister or priest and any person communicating information confidentially to him for a religious counseling purpose in his professional character, or husband and wife.
(2) The information would tend to incriminate a member of the actor's immediate family.
(3) Disclosure of the information would amount to revealing a news source privileged under Ohio R.C. 2739.04 or 2739.12.
(4) Disclosure of the information would amount to disclosure of any ordained clergyman of an organized religious body of confidential communication made to him in his capacity as such by a person seeking his aid or counsel.
(5) Disclosure would amount to revealing information acquired by the actor in the course of his duties in connection with a bona fide program of treatment or services for drug dependence, which program is maintained or conducted by a hospital, clinic, person, agency or organization registered pursuant to Ohio R.C. 5122.51.
(6) Disclosure would amount to revealing information acquired by the actor in the course of his duties in connection with a bona fide program for providing counseling services to victims of crimes that are violations of Ohio R.C. 2907.02, 2907.05 or 2907.12. As used in this section, "counseling services" includes services provided in an informal setting by a person who, by education or experience, is competent to provide such services.
(f) No disclosure of information pursuant to this section gives rise to any liability or recrimination for a breach of privilege or confidence.
(g) Whoever violates subsection (a) or (b) hereof is guilty of failure to report a crime. Violation of subsection (a) hereof is a misdemeanor of the fourth degree. Violation of subsection (b) hereof is a misdemeanor of the second degree.
(h) Whoever violates subsection (c) or (d) hereof is guilty of failure to report knowledge of a death, a misdemeanor of the fourth degree.
(ORC 2921.22; Ord. 485-83, Passed 5-24-83.)