For the purpose of this chapter, the following definitions shall apply unless the context clearly indicates or requires a different meaning.
   (A)   Federal government.
      ADMINISTRATOR. The Administrator of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.
      FEDERAL ACT. The Federal Clean Water Act (33 U.S.C. §§ 466 et seq.) as amended (Pub. Law No. 95-217).
      FEDERAL GRANT. The U.S. government participation in the financing of the construction of treatment works as provided for by Title II of the Grants for Construction of Treatment Works of the Act and implementing regulations.
   (B)   State government.
      DIRECTOR. The Director of the Illinois Environmental Protection Agency.
      STATE ACT. The Illinois Anti-Pollution Bond Act of 1970.
      STATE GRANT. The state’s participation in the financing of the construction of treatment works as provided for by the State Anti-Pollution Bond Act and for making such grants as filed with Secretary of State of Illinois.
   (C)   Local government.
      APPROVING AUTHORITY. The Village Board.
      NPDES PERMIT. Any permit or equivalent document or requirements issued by the Administrator, or where appropriated by the Director, after enactment of the Federal Clean Water Act to regulate the discharge of pollutants pursuant to § 402 of the Federal Act.
      ORDINANCE. The ordinance codified in this chapter.
      PERSON. Any and all persons, natural or artificial including any individual, firm, company, municipal or private corporation, association, society, institution, enterprise, governmental agency or other entity.
      VILLAGE. The Village of Riverton.
   (D)   Clarification word usage. “Shall” is mandatory; “may” is permissible.
   (E)   Wastewater and its characteristics.
      BOD (BIOCHEMICAL OXYGEN DEMAND). The quantity of oxygen utilized in the biochemical oxidation of organic matter under standard laboratory procedure in five days at 20°C, expressed in milligrams per liter.
      EFFLUENT CRITERIA. Defined in any appreciable NPDES permit.
      FLOATABLE OIL. Oil, fat or grease in a physical state such that it will separate by gravity from wastewater by treatment in an approved pretreatment facility. A wastewater shall be considered free of floatable fat if it is properly pretreated and the wastewater does not interfere with the collection system.
      GARBAGE. Solid wastes from the domestic and commercial preparation, cooking and dispensing of food, and from the handling, storage and sale of food.
      INDUSTRIAL WASTE. Any solid, liquid or gaseous substance discharged, permitted to flow or escaping from any industrial, manufacturing, commercial or business establishment or process or from the development, recovery or processing of any natural resource as distinct from sanitary sewage.
      MAJOR CONTRIBUTING INDUSTRY. An industrial user of the publicly-owned treatment works that:
         (a)   Has a flow of 50,000 gallons or more per average work day;
         (b)   Has a flow greater than 10% of the flow carried by the municipal system receiving the waste;
         (c)   Has in its waste, a toxic pollutant in toxic amounts as defined in standards issued under § 307(a) of the Federal Act; or
         (d)   Is found by the permit issuant authority, in connection with the issuance of the NPDES permit to the publicly-owned treatment works receiving the waste, to have significant impact, either singly or in combination with other contributing industries, on that treatment works or upon the quality of effluent from that treatment works.
      MILLIGRAMS PER LITER. A unit of the concentration of water or wastewater constituent. It is 0.001 g of the constituent in 1,000 ml of water. It has replaced the unit formerly used commonly, parts per million, to which it is approximately equivalent, in reporting the results of water and wastewater analysis.
      pH. The logarithm (base 10) of the reciprocal of the hydrogen-ion concentration expressed by one of the procedures outlined in the IEPA Division of Laboratories Manual of Laboratory Methods.
      POPULATION EQUIVALENT. A term used to evaluate the impact of industrial or other waste on a treatment works or stream. One POPULATION EQUIVALENT is 100 gallons of sewage per day, containing 0.17 pounds of BOD and 0.022 pounds of suspended solids.
      ppm. Parts per million by weight.
      PROPERTY SHREDDED GARBAGE. The wastes from the preparation, cooking and dispensing of food that have been shredded to such a degree that all particles will be carried freely under the flow conditions normally prevailing in public sewers, with no particle greater than one-half inch (1.27 centimeters) in any dimension.
      SEWAGE. Used interchangeably with WASTEWATER.
      SLUG. Any discharge of water, sewage or industrial waste which in concentration of any given constituent or in quantity of flow exceeds for any period of duration longer than 15 minutes more than five times the average 24-hour concentration of flows during normal operation.
      SUSPENDED SOLIDS (SS). Solids that either float on the surface of, or are in suspension in water, sewage or industrial wastes, and which are removable by a laboratory filtration device. Quantitative determination of suspended solids shall be made in accordance with procedures set forth in the IEPA Division of Laboratories Manual of Laboratory Methods.
      UNPOLLUTED WATER. Water quality equal to or better than the effluent criteria in effect or water that would not cause violation of receiving water quality standards and would not be benefitted by discharge to the sanitary sewers and wastewater treatment facilities provided.
      WASTEWATER. The spent water of a community. From this standpoint of course, it may be a combination of the liquid- and water-carried wastes from residences, commercial buildings, industrial plants and institutions, together with any ground water, surface water and storm water that may be present.
      WATER QUALITY STANDARDS. Defined in the Water Pollution Regulations of Illinois.
   (F)   Sewer types and appurtenances.
      BUILDING DRAIN. The part of the lowest piping of a drainage system which receives the discharge from soil, waste and other drainage pipes inside the walls of the building and conveys it to the building sewer or other approved point of discharge, beginning five feet (1.5 meters) outside the inner face of the building wall.
      BUILDING SEWER. The extension from the building drain to the public sewer or other place of disposal.
      COMBINED SEWER. A sewer which is designed and intended to receive wastewater, storm, surface and ground water drainage.
      EASEMENT. An acquired legal right for the specific use of land owned by others.
      PUBLIC SEWER. A sewer provided by or subject to the jurisdiction of the village. It shall also include sewers within or outside the village boundaries that serve one or more persons and ultimately discharge into the village sanitary (or combined sewer system), even though those sewers may not have been constructed with village funds.
      SANITARY SEWER. A sewer that conveys sewage or industrial wastes or a combination of both, and into which storm, surface and ground waters or polluted industrial wastes are not intentionally admitted.
      SEWER. A pipe or conduit for conveying sewage or any other waste liquids, including storm, surface and ground water drainage.
      SEWERAGE. The system of sewers and appurtenances for the collection, transportation and pumping of sewage.
      STORM SEWER. A sewer that carries storm, surface and ground water drainage, but excludes sewage and industrial wastes other than unpolluted cooling water.
      STORM WATER RUNOFF. The portion of the precipitation that is drained into the sewers.
   (G)   Treatment.
      PRETREATMENT. The treatment of wastewaters from sources before introduction into the wastewater treatment works.
      WASTEWATER FACILITIES. The structures, equipment and processes required to collect, carry away and treat domestic and industrial wastes and transport effluent to a watercourse.
      WASTEWATER TREATMENT WORKS. An arrangement of devices and structures for treating wastewater, industrial wastes and sludge. Sometimes used as synonymous with WASTE TREATMENT PLANT or WASTEWATER TREATMENT PLANT or POLLUTION CONTROL PLANT.
   (H)   Watercourse and connections.
      NATURAL OUTLET. Any outlet into a watercourse, pond, ditch, lake or other body of surface or ground water.
      WATERCOURSE. A channel in which a flow of water occurs, either continuously or intermittently.
   (I)   User types.
      COMMERCIAL USER. Includes transit lodging, retail and wholesale establishments or places engaged in selling merchandise or rendering services.
      CONTROL MANHOLE. A structure located on a site from which industrial wastes are discharged. Where feasible, the manhole shall have an interior drop. The purpose of a CONTROL MANHOLE is to provide access for the village representative to sample and/or measure discharges.
      INDUSTRIAL USERS. Includes establishments engaged in manufacturing activities involving the mechanical or chemical transformation of materials of substance into products.
      INSTITUTIONAL/GOVERNMENTAL USER. Includes schools, churches, penal institutions and users associated with federal, state and local governments.
      RESIDENTIAL USER. All dwelling units such as houses, mobile homes, apartments and permanent multi-family dwellings.
      USER CLASS. The type of user: residential, institutional/governmental, commercial or industrial, as defined herein.
   (J)   Types of charges.
      BASIC USER CHARGE. The basic assessment levied on all users of the public sewer system.
      CAPITAL IMPROVEMENT CHARGE. A charge levied on users to improve, extend or reconstruct the sewage treatment works.
      DEBT SERVICE CHARGE. The amount to be paid each billing period for payment of interest, principal and coverage of (loan, bond and the like) outstanding.
      LOCAL CAPITAL COST CHARGE. Charges for costs other than the operation, maintenance and replacement costs (i.e., debt service and capital improvement costs).
      REPLACEMENT. Expenditures for obtaining and installing equipment, accessories or appurtenances which are necessary during the useful life of the treatment works to maintain the capacity and performance for which such works were designed and constructed. The term “operation and maintenance” includes REPLACEMENT.
      SEWAGE FUND. The principal accounting designation for all revenues received in the operation of the sewerage system.
      SURCHARGE. The assessment in addition to the basic user charge and debt service charge which is levied on those persons whose wastes are greater in strength than the concentration values established in §§ 51.075 through 51.087 of this chapter.
      USEFUL LIFE. The estimated period during which the collection system and/or treatment works will be operated.
      USER CHARGE. A charge levied on users of treatment works for the cost of operation, maintenance and replacement.
      WASTEWATER SERVICE CHARGE. The charge per quarter or month levied on all users of the wastewater facilities. The service charge shall be computed as outlined in §§ 51.030 through 51.037 of this chapter and shall consist of the total or the basic user charge, the local capital cost and a surcharge, if applicable.
(Prior Code, § 50.045) (Ord. 88-003, passed 1-19-1988)