(A)   The term "cable system," as defined in federal law and as set forth in section 23-55 below, does not include a facility that serves subscribers without using any public rights-of-way.
   (B)   The categories of multichannel video programming distributors identified below are not deemed to be "cable systems" and are therefore not subject to the city's franchise requirements of certain other local regulatory provisions authorized by federal law, provided that the video programming distributor's distribution or transmission facilities do not involve the use of the city's public rights-of-way:
      (1)   Multichannel multipoint distribution service ("MMDS"), also known as "wireless cable," which typically involves the transmission by an FCC-licensed operator of numerous broadcast stations from a central location using line-of-sight technology.
      (2)   Local multipoint distribution service ("LMDS"), another form of over-the-air wireless video service for which licenses are auctioned by the FCC, and which offers video programming, telephony, and data networking services.
      (3)   Direct broadcast satellite ("DBS"), also referred to as "direct-to-home satellite services," which involves the distribution or broadcasting of programming or services by satellite directly to the subscriber's premises without the use of ground receiving or distribution equipment, except at the subscriber's premises or in the uplink process to the satellite.
      (4)   Local regulation of direct-to-home satellite services is further proscribed by the following federal statutory provisions:
         (a)   47 U.S.C. section 303(v) confers upon the FCC exclusive jurisdiction to regulate the provision of direct-to-home satellite services.
         (b)   Section 602 of the Telecommunications Act of 1996 states that a provider of direct-to- home satellite service is exempt from the collection or remittance, or both, of any tax or fee imposed by any local taxing jurisdiction on direct-to-home satellite service.
         (c)   The terms "tax" and "fee" are defined by federal statute to mean any local sales tax, local use tax, local intangible tax, local income tax, business license tax, utility tax, privilege tax, gross receipts tax, excise tax, franchise fees, local telecommunications tax, or any other tax, license, or fee that is imposed for the privilege of doing business, regulating, or raising revenue for a local taxing jurisdiction.
(Ord. No. 2650)