CHAPTER 22:  WATER
ARTICLE I.  GENERAL PROVISIONS
   22-1.   Definitions
   22-2.   Supplying water within city
   22-3.   Areas served by water division
   22-4.   Tampering with water system
   22-5.   Authority of city manager
   22-6.   Appeals
   22-7.   Right of ingress and egress
   22-8.   Penalty for violation of chapter
ARTICLE II.  RENDERING WATER SERVICE
   22-15.   Application
   22-16.   Special contracts
   22-17.   Unauthorized use of water
   22-18.   Conditions of pressure and supply
   22-19.   Deposit guaranteeing payment
   22-20.   Changes in customer's equipment
   22-21.   Service connections
   22-22.   Effect of subdivision of land
   22-23.   Service connection to each consumer discretionary
   22-24.   Service and meter sizes
   22-25.   Meters required
   22-26.   Exception
   22-27.   Ownership of connections
   22-28.   Access
   22-29.   By-passes
   22-30.   Moving meters, services and associated facilities
   22-31.   Temporary service
   22-32.   New system connections; charges for connections inside city limits
   22-33.   Alterations to size of water system connection
   22-34.   Conditions of connection
   22-35.   Connection fees for replacement structures
   22-36.   Plans required
   22-37.   New service connections; charges for inside city limits
   22-38.   Charges for outside city limits
   22-39.   Charges for changing size of service connections
   22-40.   Turning water on or off
   22-41.   Temporary turn off of water service
   22-42.   Billing and collection; generally
   22-43.   Estimated bills
   22-44.   Proration of bills
   22-45.   Exception
   22-46.   Meter testing
   22-47.   Reserved
   22-48.   Delinquent bill; authority to turn off water
   22-49.   Nonpayment
   22-50.   No new service until bill paid and penalty paid
   22-51.   Discontinuing water service
ARTICLE III.  RATES
   22-60.   Water rates
   22-61.   Monthly water usage fees and charges
   22-62.   Monthly fixed water meter fees and charges
   22-63.   Special water services
   22-64.   Water service and meter rates
   22-65.   Other deposits, fees and rates
   22-66.   Agricultural use
ARTICLE IV.  CROSS-CONNECTIONS
   22-70.   Prohibition; purpose
   22-71.   Definitions
   22-72.   Cross-connection control standards
   22-73.   Types of required protection
   22-74.   Frequency of inspection of protective devices
   22-74.1.   Inspection fee
   22-75.   Qualifications and certification of persons to inspect and maintain backflow prevention devices
   22-76.   Regulation of booster pumps
   22-77.   Protection of water system within premises
   22-78.   Penalties for violations of article
ARTICLE V.  WATER MAINS
   22-85.   Definitions
   22-86.   All service to be from distribution main
   22-87.   Charges for new mains
   22-88.   Extension at applicant's expense
   22-89.   Exception
   22-90.   Installation in boundary streets
   22-91.   Refunds of main charges
ARTICLE VI.  WATER RIGHTS AND WELLS
   22-100.   Water rights and groundwater pumping allocation
   22-101.   Permit for drilling wells required
ARTICLE VII.  CONSTRUCTION, REPAIR, MODIFICATION AND DESTRUCTION OF WELLS
   22-110.   Purpose
   22-111.   Definitions
   22-112.   Permit required
   22-113.   Application for permit
   22-114.   Permit requirements and expiration
   22-115.   Time to complete permitted work and satisfy permit requirements
   22-116.   Guarantee of permitted work
   22-117.   License and registration required of persons performing permitted work
   22-118.   Suspension or termination of permit
   22-119.   Standards
   22-120.   Log of well
   22-121.   Well inspection report
   22-122.   Corrective actions
   22-123.   Destruction of abandoned wells
   22-124.   Certificate of exemption
   22-125.   Fees
   22-126.   Inspection
   22-127.   Misdemeanor/infraction
   22-128.   Abatement
   22-129.   Exemption
ARTICLE VIII.  WATER WASTE
   22-135.   Declaration of policy and purpose
   22-136.   Water waste prohibited
   22-137.   Failure to comply
   22-138.   Notice to customer
   22-139.   Right to hearing
   22-140.   Restoration of discontinued water service
   22-141.   Limitations on curtailment
   22-142.   Enforcement personnel
ARTICLE IX.  WATER CONSERVATION AND WATER SHORTAGE RESPONSE PROCEDURES
   22-150.   Short title
   22-151.   Declaration of water shortage conditions
   22-152.   Policy and purpose
   22-153.   General prohibition: enforcement
   22-154.   Mandatory water conservation measures
   22-155.   Public notification
   22-156.   Exceptions
   22-157.   Enforcement
   22-158.   Request for adjustment
   22-159.   Notice of violation
   22-160.   Reduction in water supplied
   22-161.   Water shortage emergency; health and safety impacts
   22-162.   Appeal
ARTICLE X.  RECYCLED WATER USE
   22-175.   Short title
   22-176.   Findings
   22-177.   Policies and purpose
   22-178.   Powers and duties of manager
   22-179.   Recycled water master plan
   22-180.   Mandatory recycled water use
   22-181.   Conversion of existing potable water service
   22-182.   Development and water service approvals
   22-183.   Recycled water use; prevention of improper use
   22-184.   Sanctions
ARTICLE XI.  ANNEXATION VERIFICATION
   22-190.   Short title
   22-191.   Policy and purpose
   22-192.   Definition, customer
   22-193.   Proof of annexation prior to delivery of water service
   22-194.   Annexation procedure
   22-195.   Determination letter as conclusive evidence of annexation status
   22-196.   Timely submission of a request for determination of annexation status
   22-197.   Verification prior to or concurrent with annexation into city
   22-198.   Verification prior to or concurrent with subdivision approval
   22-199.   Verification prior to or concurrent with conditional land use approval
   22-200.   Verification prior to final land use clearance
   22-201.   Verification prior to issuance of a building permit
   22-202.   Suspension of conflicting ordinances, resolutions, rules and regulations
ARTICLE XII: STORM WATER QUALITY MANAGEMENT
   22-215.   Purpose and intent
   22-216.   Definitions
   22-217.   Prohibition of illicit connections and illicit discharges
   22-218.   General discharge prohibitions
   22-219.   Specific discharge prohibitions
   22-220.   Reduction of pollutants in storm water
   22-221.   Reduction of litter
   22-222.   Construction development
   22-223.   Post construction development
   22-224.   Best management practices
   22-225.   Compliance with NPDES permits
   22-226.   Watercourse and storm water drain system protection
   22-227.   Prohibited acts affecting watercourses or storm drains
   22-228.   Inspections
   22-229.   Inspections of critical source facilities
   22-230.   Remedies for violation
   22-231.   Appeals
ARTICLE XIII:  LANDSCAPE WATER CONSERVATION STANDARDS
   22-240.   Introduction
   22-241.   Applicability
   22-242.   Definitions
   22-243.   Compliance requirements
   22-244.   Exceptions
   22-245.   Building and engineering plan check submittals
   22-246.   Determination of conforming installation
   22-247.   Compliance verification
ARTICLE I.  GENERAL PROVISIONS
SEC. 22-1.  DEFINITIONS.
   For the purposes of this chapter, the following words shall have the following meanings:
   (A)   ACTIVE SERVICE - A service connected from the premises to the water main, is turned on and through which water may readily be drawn.
   (B)   APPLICANT - A person applying for water service.
   (C)   BILLING DATE - The date the meter is read, or, for unmetered accounts, the date the bill ismailed.
   (D)   CITY-OWNED RECYCLED WATER FACILITIES - The city-owned facilities intended to provide for the delivery of recycled water only, that are separate from any potable water distribution system, up to and including the point of connection to the customer's on-site recycled water facilities which point of connection is usually the meter assembly at the customer's point of service.
   (E)   CONSUMER - A person receiving water from the city.
   (F)   CUSTOMER - Any person applying for water service and responsible for payment of waterbills.
   (G)   INACTIVE SERVICE - An active service, but which has been shut off and is currently in a state of nonuse.
   (H)   MANAGER - The manager of the water resources division.
   (I)   MANDATORY RECYCLED WATER USE AREA - Any area within each recycled water use area which is designated for mandatory recycled water use by the recycled water master plan.
   (J)   ON-SITE RECYCLED WATER FACILITIES - The customer-owned facilities used to make use of recycled water, that are separate from any potable distribution system, downstream of the point of connection from the city-owned recycled water facilities.
   (K)   POTABLE WATER - Water that conforms to federal, state, and local standards for human consumption.
   (L)   RECYCLED WATER - Highly purified water that, as a result of the treatment of wastewater, is suitable for a direct beneficial use, subject to the restrictions in article IX of this chapter and applicable state and federal laws and regulations.
   (M)   RECYCLED WATER MASTER PLAN - The plan to be developed and periodically updated by the water resources division manager, which provides detailed procedures, rules and regulations to implement the policies and mandates of article IX of this chapter.
   (N)   RECYCLED WATER USE AREA - An area identified in the recycled water master plan that can presently or may in the future use recycled water in lieu of potable water.
   (O)   SEALED SERVICE - An existing service which has never been activated and which does not have a meter installed.
   (P)   TEMPORARY SERVICE - Any service installed for a defined period of time and which will be abandoned at the expiration of the period of time.
   (Q)   WASTEWATER - Water discharged from city customers into the city wastewater collection system that contains dissolved or suspended matter.
   (R)   WATER RESOURCES DIVISION - The water resources division of the city.
(`64 Code, Sec. 33-1)  (Ord. No. 1009, 1318, 2728)
SEC. 22-2.  SUPPLYING WATER WITHIN CITY.
   (A)   In order to avoid costly duplication of facilities, to ensure conservation of water and regulation of the use thereof, to avoid undesirable competition among private suppliers, public agencies and public utilities, and to assure equal service and uniform lowest water rates to all properties within the city, the water division is designated as the sole supplier of water within the city, except as follows:
      (1)   Water supplied by means of portable containers;
      (2)   Agricultural and appurtenant domestic uses existing at the time of annexation, when approved by the city council;
      (3)   Uses which may be authorized by the city council for periods of two years or less; or
      (4)   By franchise agreement with the city council.
   (B)   No person or agency other than the water division shall be allowed to install mains or appurtenant facilities above or under a city street for the purpose of supplying water.
   (C)   Supplying of water within the city is prohibited except as above specified.
(`64 Code, Sec. 33-2)  (Ord. No. 1009)
SEC. 22-3.  AREAS SERVED BY WATER DIVISION.
   (A)   Outside city - The water division shall not serve water outside the city, without prior permission of the city council.  When such service is rendered, the service shall be on a temporary basis and shall be subject to the terms of this chapter and all terms and conditions established by the city council.
   (B)   Outside MWD - Customers within the city but not in the Calleguas Municipal Water District or the Metropolitan Water District shall be required to pay a higher rate than regular city customers.  The accumulation of these funds and the permissible expenditures therefrom are set forth in section 22-61.
(`64 Code, Sec. 33-3)  (Ord. No. 1009)
SEC. 22-4.  TAMPERING WITH WATER SYSTEM.
   (A)   No person shall open, meddle with, tap, break, turn off or on, damage or endanger any fire hydrant, valve, water service, meter, main pipe or facility used in connection with the city water system, without prior permission of the public works director.  Any person authorized to operate fire hydrants shall use only an approved spanner wrench.  Except in emergencies, no water shall be drawn from a fire hydrant without the use of an auxiliary control valve.
   (B)   No person shall place upon or about a fire hydrant any object, material, debris or structure of any kind that shall prevent free access to the fire hydrant at all times.
   (C)   All contractors or persons working in a street, alley or water easement in such manner as to necessitate relocation, removal or protection of a water main or facility, shall make written application to the water division for such relocation, removal or protection.  The application shall be made ten days in advance of the work to be done and shall be accompanied by a deposit to cover the cost of the work to be done.  Water division facilities which are moved for the convenience of the city will be paid for by the city out of an appropriate fund, subject to the approval of the city manager.
(`64 Code, Sec. 33-4)  (Ord. No. 1009)
SEC. 22-5.  AUTHORITY OF CITY MANAGER.
   (A)   The city manager shall prescribe from time to time as he shall deem necessary or desirable, additional rules and regulations relating to the conditions of service, the applications, administration and interpretation of rates, and to the sale of water by the city and of products, commodities and service incidental thereto, and the charges to be made therefor.
   (B)   Such rules and regulations shall be of a general application, not inconsistent with the provisions of this chapter.
(`64 Code, Sec. 33-5)  (Ord. No. 1009)
SEC. 22-6.  APPEALS.
   (A)   Any person aggrieved by any act, determination, rule or regulation of the water division or city manager may appeal therefrom to the city council by filing a written notice of appeal with the city clerk within 30 days after receiving notice of such act or determination, rule or regulation.
   (B)   After hearing the objections of such person and giving due consideration thereto, the city council may confirm, amend, alter, modify or correct such action, determination, rule or regulation, and its action shall be final and conclusive.
(`64 Code, Sec. 33-6)  (Ord. No. 1009)
SEC. 22-7.  RIGHT OF INGRESS AND EGRESS.
   Any duly authorized agent of the water division shall have the right of ingress to and egress from the consumer's premises at reasonable hours for any purpose reasonably related to the furnishing of water service and the exercise of any and all rights secured to it by law or this chapter, including inspection of the consumer's piping and equipment.  Such agents shall, carry an identification card issued by the city.
(`64 Code, Sec. 33-7)  (Ord. No. 1009)
SEC. 22-8.  PENALTY FOR VIOLATION OF CHAPTER.
   Any person who violates any provision of this chapter is guilty of a misdemeanor, and is subject to the penalties provided herein and in section 1-10.
(`64 Code, Sec. 33-8)  (Ord. No. 1009)
ARTICLE II.  RENDERING WATER SERVICE
SEC. 22-15.  APPLICATION.
   Each prospective customer will be required to provide the necessary information for application by telephone or in person.  This applicant by such application and use of city water service also agrees to abide by the provisions of this chapter and all rules and regulations of the city.
(`64 Code, Sec. 33-9)  (Ord. No. 1009, 1771)
SEC. 22-16.  SPECIAL CONTRACTS.
   In unusual circumstances, the water division may require that the applicant enter into a contract with the city.  Such contracts shall be approved by the city council and approved as to form by the city attorney.
(`64 Code, Sec. 33-10)  (Ord. No. 1009)
SEC. 22-17.  UNAUTHORIZED USE OF WATER.
   (A)   General - No person shall draw water from any service, fire hydrant, blow off, main, valve or any other water division facility without first arranging with the department for same, and paying all charges provided in this chapter.
   (B)   Fire service - The water division shall charge $25 for each and every incident of unauthorized use of a fire service.  Each day will be construed as a separate incident.  If unauthorized use of a fire service persists, the water division shall notify the fire department and the customer in writing, and within ten days discontinue all service until all charges have been paid and assurance given that the unauthorized use will be discontinued.  The public works director may authorize the use of private fire services for testing purposes.
(`64 Code, Sec. 33-11)  (Ord. No. 1009)
SEC. 22-18.  CONDITIONS OF PRESSURE AND SUPPLY.
   All persons applying for or receiving water service shall be required to accept and shall be deemed to have consented to such conditions of pressure and service as are provided by the distribution system at the location served and to hold the city harmless from any damages arising out of low pressure or high pressure conditions, interruptions of service, or quality of water.
(`64 Code, Sec. 33-12)  (Ord. No. 1009)
SEC. 22-19.  DEPOSIT GUARANTEEING PAYMENT.
   (A)   Each applicant for service shall be required to place a deposit with the city to guarantee the payment of all water, sewer, and rubbish charges.
   (B)   The amount of this deposit shall be established by resolution of the city council.
      (1)   Public agencies shall not be required to make deposits.  Industrial, commercial, or church customers may be exempted from placing deposits providing said customer established credit references satisfactory to the city.  Should the required deposit exceed $250, a corporate surety bond in a form satisfactory to the city attorney may be deposited in lieu of cash.
      (2)   A deposit shall be required from all customers who are sent a final notice five or more times within any two-year period, and from every customer whose service is disconnected for nonpayment of water charges.  After the deposit has been held for two consecutive years, during which service has been continuous and no final notices were required to be sent, the deposit shall be automatically refunded without interest by the city.
      (3)   Upon the disconnection of any service, the deposit may be applied to any outstanding water, sewer, or rubbish bills, and any balance of deposit then remaining in the hands of the city shall be returned to the person by whom such deposit was made.
(`64 Code, Sec. 33-13)  (Ord. No. 1009, 1771)
SEC. 22-20.  CHANGES IN CUSTOMER'S EQUIPMENT.
   Customers making any change in the character or extent of their equipment or operation, and whose change in operation results in changes in plumbing or water usage, shall immediately give the water division written notice of the nature of the change.
(`64 Code, Sec. 33-14)  (Ord. No. 1009)
SEC. 22-21.  SERVICE CONNECTIONS.
   (A)   Each premises shall have a connection.  No water service connection shall serve more than one premises.
   (B)   For purposes of this chapter, “premises” means any:
      (1)   Detached single-family residence;
      (2)   Apartment building;  (Any building with two or more leased dwelling units held under single ownership.)
      (3)   Residential condominium unit or residential stock cooperative unit;
      (4)   Mobile home park, unless the spaces in that mobile home park are individually owned, in which case each space shall be a separate connection;
      (5)   Office, commercial or industrial building, except office, commercial or industrial buildings with separately-owned individual condominium or stock cooperative units, in which case each unit shall be a separate premises;
      (6)   Irrigation system; and
      (7)   Unimproved lot or parcel.
   (C)   (1)   The public works director may waive the requirement of a separate service connection for each unit of a condominium or stock cooperative office, commercial or industrial building, or for each individually owned space of a mobile home park, subject to such terms and conditions deemed reasonable and prudent by the public works director.
      (2)   At a minimum, such conditions shall protect the city from claims for damages arising from interruptions in water service or inadequate water pressure, and provide for the issuance and payment of a single bill for all sewer and water services rendered to the complex as a whole.
   (D)   (1)   The requirement of a separate water service connection may not be waived in cases involving a restaurant or commercial laundry.
      (2)   The public works director may impose other requirements when the directory determines that public health and safety, system protection, maintenance costs, or liability concerns so dictate.
(`64 Code, Sec. 33-15)  (Ord. No. 1009, 1769, 2030)
SEC. 22-22.  EFFECT OF SUBDIVISION OF LAND.
   When property provided with a service connection is subdivided, each service connection shall be considered as belonging to the lot or parcel of land which is nearest to it.
(`64 Code, Sec. 33-16)  (Ord. No. 1009)
SEC. 22-23.  SERVICE CONNECTION TO EACH CONSUMER DISCRETIONARY.
   Where more than one consumer is supplied through one service connection, the city shall hold the owner of the property or other person agreed upon, responsible for payment of all service.  Where practicable to serve each consumer through a separate service connection, the water division may install separate service connections or separate meters for each consumer at the owner's or customer's expense, and collect at the established rates for water supplied through each service connection.
(`64 Code, Sec. 33-17)  (Ord. No. 1009)
SEC. 22-24.  SERVICE AND METER SIZES.
   The minimum size service and meter for each customer shall be determined by the water division.  Applicants may obtain services and meters larger than the minimum required to accommodate future use.  The water division will determine the minimum size by use of engineering design or through the use of the Plumbing Code.  Customers shall not circumvent the intent of this section by reducing the service or meter size after the initial installation or by increasing the demand on the service and meter beyond the original design.  The water division retains the right to approve or disapprove all requests for reduction in service or meter size.
(`64 Code, Sec. 33-18)  (Ord. No. 1009)
SEC. 22-25.  METERS REQUIRED.
   A separate meter shall be placed upon each separate service connection and the rate to be paid shall be computed separately upon each meter.  The water division may in lieu of a single meter and where special operating or service conditions require, install such number of meters on a service connection as shall be necessary to equal the capacity of such a single meter.  For billing purposes, the consumption as registered by a battery of meters installed pursuant to this section shall be combined and charged for at such rate including the monthly minimum charge, as though the water were supplied through a single meter.
(`64 Code, Sec. 33-19)  (Ord. No. 1009)
SEC. 22-26.  EXCEPTION.
   Whenever the water superintendent determines that it is impracticable to install meters on existing services due to plumbing and other physical conditions, the water division may so continue existing unmetered services until such time as the water division deems it practical to install the required meters.  The water superintendent may require advance payment of the costs of such installation; provided, that such premises will not be required to pay more than the cost of current meter installation charges elsewhere provided in this chapter.
(`64 Code, Sec. 33-20)  (Ord. No. 1009)
SEC. 22-27.  OWNERSHIP OF CONNECTIONS.
   All services and meters shall remain the property of the water division.  The expense of maintenance, repair and renewal due to normal wear and tear shall be borne by the water division except that expenses incurred by an act, careless or otherwise on the part of the customer, or any member of his/her family, or any person in his/her employ, or any of his tenants, shall be charged to such customer.
(`64 Code, Sec. 33-21)  (Ord. No. 1009)
SEC. 22-28.  ACCESS.
   Each customer has the duty to keep the space about the meter, the shut-off box, and all backflow and cross-contamination prevention devices serving the property free and clean of any material or obstruction which may, in any way, interfere with the free access to such equipment by water division employees or representatives. The water superintendent or representative may give notice, either in writing or in person, to the owner, customer or occupant of the property to remove any such material or obstruction within 24 hours. Upon a failure to comply with this notice, the water division staff may remove such material or obstruction, and the cost of doing so, plus any administrative expenses, shall be paid by the owner, customer, or occupant of the property.
(`64 Code, Sec. 33-22)  (Ord. No. 1009, 2661)
SEC. 22-29.  BY-PASSES.
   Any by-pass or connection around the meter except those installed and approved by the water division for purposes of continuing service during meter testing or repair of the meter is prohibited.  All water used, except as provided in these regulations, shall pass through the meter.
(`64 Code, Sec. 33-23)  (Ord. No. 1009)
SEC. 22-30.  MOVING METERS, SERVICES AND ASSOCIATED FACILITIES.
   When the water superintendent determines a meter, service or associated facilities must be moved, city staff or representatives shall perform this work. The property owner served through the meter, service or associated facilities shall pay for such work. The property owner shall pay the cost of the material and labor, plus any associated administrative expenses.
(`64 Code, Sec. 33-24)  (Ord. No. 1009, 2661)
SEC. 22-31.  TEMPORARY SERVICE.
   (A)   Temporary service from a fire hydrant may be provided upon proper application, subject to the approval of the fire chief and the water superintendent. The charges for installing temporary service and for water used through the temporary service shall be established pursuant to this chapter. The person requesting the temporary service shall pay the installation charges in advance.
   (B)   The water superintendent shall determine whether a temporary connection may be made to any existing water facility. Prior to making a temporary connection other than to a fire hydrant, the water superintendent shall estimate the cost of installation and removal, and the applicant shall pay in advance the estimated cost. Upon removal of the temporary connection, the actual cost of installation and removal shall be determined by the water superintendent. The city shall refund to the applicant the amount paid in excess of the actual cost. If the amount paid in advance is less than the actual cost, the applicant shall pay to the city the difference between the amount paid and the actual cost. The applicant shall also pay for the water used as provided in this chapter.
   (C)   All temporary service connections shall include backflow prevention devices and any other cross-contamination prevention facilities that the water superintendent deems necessary and appropriate.
(`64 Code, Sec. 33-25)  (Ord. No. 1009, 2661)
SEC. 22-32.  NEW SYSTEM CONNECTIONS; CHARGES FOR CONNECTIONS INSIDE CITY LIMITS.
   (A)   All water service connections within the city must be connected to the city's water system, unless authorized by the public works director.  The number of service connections for any development shall comply with the code.
   (B)   The connection fees and charges required by this chapter shall be set by a resolution approved by the city council.  The connection fee shall be paid, at the rates set forth in the resolution, prior to the issuance of building permits.
   (C)   Prior to installation of any new or additional water service connection or the issuance of a building permit, the applicant shall pay any reimbursement obligation for existing mains, or construct any necessary water mains as required by this code.
(`64 Code, Sec. 33-26)  (Ord. No. 1875, 1949, 2030, 2163)
SEC. 22-33.  ALTERATIONS TO SIZE OF WATER SYSTEM CONNECTION.
   When a decrease in size of an existing meter is requested by the customer, the water resources division, water section shall make the meter change at no cost to the applicant; provided, the reduced size is determined adequate for the contemplated use. When an increase in size of an existing service or meter is requested by a customer, or an increase is required because of a change in the customer's water use, the water resources division shall make such change; provided, the requested size is determined adequate for the contemplated use.  The applicant shall pay in advance the current cost of the new service or meter, less a credit for the meter removed.  The credit shall be established by the public works director based upon the age of the existing service connection, but in no event shall the credit exceed 60% of the current value of a meter of that size.  Where the larger service is in a location different from the existing service, the applicant shall pay the cost of abandoning the existing service in addition to any other applicable fees and charges.  The cost for abandoning a water meter shall be based on the administration, labor and materials required to complete the work.
(`64 Code, Sec. 33-26.1)  (Ord. No. 1875, 2819)
SEC. 22-34.  CONDITIONS OF CONNECTION.
   Each water system connection shall be made subject to the following conditions:
   (A)   Every connection made between private property and any public water system shall be made in the manner and with such materials as are required by the specifications for public water system approved by the city council and in accordance with this chapter.
   (B)   All connections shall be maintained at the expense of the property owner.
   (C)   No person shall connect any private property with any public water system without first procuring a permit from the city to make such connection.  Any person desiring to obtain such a permit shall make application for such permit and pay the fees provided for in this chapter.
(`64 Code, Sec. 33-26.2)  (Ord. No. 1875)
SEC. 22-35.  CONNECTION FEES FOR REPLACEMENT STRUCTURES.
   (A)   If a demolished residential, commercial or industrial structure is subsequently replaced, no additional service connection fee is required if the building permit for the replacement structure is issued within five years of the date of demolition of the previous structure.
   (B)   If the building permit is issued more than five years but less than ten years from the date of demolition, the service connection fee shall be reduced by 50%.
   (C)   If the building permit is requested for any replacement structure after ten years from the date of demolition, the full service connection fee shall be required.
   (D)   The property owner shall pay for any increased fee between the connection fee based upon the original water meter size and the connection fee based upon the water meter size to serve the replacement structure as well as for any increase in the number of water meters.  The owner shall bear the burden of proving the date of demolition of the original structure and that structure's water meter size.
(`64 Code, Sec. 33-26.3)  (Ord. No. 2030)
SEC. 22-36.  PLANS REQUIRED.
   (A)   In order for the public works director to have sufficient information to make a determination of appropriate fees to be charged, building permit applicants shall submit water and wastewater service plumbing plans prepared by a registered engineer or project architect in conjunction with the building permit application for all new and replacement structures. 
   (B)   In instances where an irrigation plan is required by other development conditions, the irrigation plan shall be prepared by a suitable licensed professional and submitted in conjunction with the building permit application.  The plumbing plans and irrigation plans shall show all the proposed line sizes and locations.  All appurtenances must conform to public works department design criteria and guidelines.  The water superintendent or designee must approve all plumbing plans and irrigation plans prior to the issuance of building permits.
(`64 Code, Sec. 33-26.4)  (Ord. No. 2030, 2661)
SEC. 22-37.  NEW SERVICE CONNECTIONS; CHARGES FOR INSIDE CITY LIMITS.
   (A)   A charge shall be made for the installation of each new water service and water meter within the city in order to recover the cost of current labor, equipment, materials and overhead.  These charges shall be paid in advance according to the schedule of charges established by resolution of the city council.  Separate schedules of charges shall be established for installation of each new meter on a new service; installation of each new meter on an existing service, previously installed and paid for within the city for these services less than five years old; and installation of each new meter on an existing service for those services more than five years old.
   (B)   Whenever the installation of a service or meter within the city is determined by the public works director to require special materials, labor or equipment, or where services or meters larger than two inches are required within the city, the charge shall be the actual cost thereof, plus indirect costs.
   (C)   Prior to installation thereof, the public works director shall estimate the charge and the applicant for service shall advance to the city such estimated charge.  Upon completion of the installation, the actual charge shall be determined by the finance director.  The city shall refund to the applicant any portion of the amount paid which is in excess of such charge.  In case the estimated charge paid by the applicant is less than the actual charge, the applicant shall pay to the city the difference between the estimated charge and the actual charge.  In addition to the service connection charge set forth in this section and prior to such service connection or issuance of a building permit, applicant shall have paid a charge for existing mains, or leave constructed a water main, as set forth hereinafter.
   (D)   The water superintendent may, at his/her discretion, permit the installation of services by private contractors.  The cost of inspection of these installations shall be borne by the applicant.
(`64 Code, Sec. 33-27)  (Ord. No. 1003, 1319, 1771)
SEC. 22-38.  CHARGES FOR OUTSIDE CITY LIMITS.
   (A)   The charges for installing each new service or meter outside the city, which amount shall be paid in advance, shall be determined by the water division and approved by the city council when granting outside city service.
   (B)   However, such charge shall not be less than the charge for installing a similar service or meter within the city.
(`64 Code, Sec. 33-28)  (Ord. No. 1003)
SEC. 22-39.  CHARGES FOR CHANGING SIZE OF SERVICE CONNECTIONS.
   When a decrease in size of an existing meter is requested by the customer, the water division shall make the meter change at no cost to the applicant; provided, the reduced size is determined adequate for the contemplated use.  When an increase in size of an existing service or meter is requested by a customer, or an increase is required because of a change an the customer's water use, the water division shall make such change; provided, the requested size is determined adequate for the contemplated use.  The applicant shall pay in advance the current cost of the new service or meter as hereinbefore provided, less a credit for the meter removed.  The credit shall be established by the public works director from time to time as approximately 60 percent of the current value of a meter of that size.  Where the larger service is in a location different from the existing service, the applicant shall pay in addition the cost of abandoning the existing service.
(`64 Code, Sec. 33-29)  (Ord. No. 1009)
SEC. 22-40.  TURNING WATER ON OR OFF.
   (A)   All curb cocks or valves installed by the water resources division, water section of the inlet side of the water meter shall be for the exclusive use of the water division and shall not be operated by anyone other than authorized employees of the water resources division, water section, unless prior approval has been obtained from the water resources division, water section.
   (B)   Turn on and turn off charges shall be established by ordinance or resolution of the city council.
(`64 Code, Sec. 33-30)  (Ord. No. 1009, 1319, 1538, 1771, 2819)
SEC. 22-41.  TEMPORARY TURN OFF OF WATER SERVICE.
   The water division will not discontinue water service to enable a customer to avoid payment of minimum charges.  In the event that service is ordered off for short periods of time to avoid payment of minimum charges, the city may consider the service active for the full period of discontinuance and may back bill the customer therefor.
(`64 Code, Sec. 33-31)  (Ord. No. 1009)
SEC. 22-42.  BILLING AND COLLECTION; GENERALLY.
   Bills shall be rendered on a periodic basis for a time period as deemed appropriate by the city’s treasurer.  All bills shall be due and payable at the place or places designated by the city upon the date sent.  If not paid within 15 days after the bill is sent, the bill shall be considered delinquent and a final notice given.  If bills are not paid as required by the final notice, the service shall be discontinued, unless satisfactory arrangements for payment are made with the city.
(`64 Code, Sec. 33-32)  (Ord. No. 1009, 1920, 2804)
SEC. 22-43.  ESTIMATED BILLS.
   In the event a meter is not read or in the event a meter has not registered or has registered incorrectly, the city shall estimate the quantity or water used, and a bill shall be rendered for that quantity.
(`64 Code, Sec. 33-33)  (Ord. No. 1009, 1920)
SEC. 22-44.  PRORATION OF BILLS.
   When meters are specially read between regular meter readings for the purpose of commencing or terminating service to a customer, the minimum charge and all rate blocks will be prorated for the number of days of service, in calculating the water bill.  Flat rate bills for partial billing periods will be prorated for the number of days of service.
(`64 Code, Sec. 33-34)  (Ord. No. 1009, 1771)
SEC. 22-45.  EXCEPTION.
   No proration will be made on short term water service, where water is required for total periods less than two months.  These customers will pay at least the bimonthly minimum for that size service.
(`64 Code, Sec. 33-35)  (Ord. No. 1009)
SEC. 22-46.  METER TESTING.
   Upon written request and deposit by a customer of an amount equal to the bimonthly minimum, the water division shall test the customer's water meter.  If such meter, upon testing, registers two percent or less over the correct value,  the deposit shall be forfeited and all water bills paid as presented.  If the meter registers greater than two percent of the correct value, the deposit shall be returned and a proportional reduction made in the current bill, and another meter substituted for the inaccurate meter.
(`64 Code, Sec. 33-36)  (Ord. No. 1009)
SEC. 22-47.  RESERVED.
(`64 Code, Sec. 33-37)
SEC. 22-48.  DELINQUENT BILL; AUTHORITY TO TURN OFF WATER.
   (A)   When water is furnished to customers through more than one service at the same or different locations, all such services may be shut off when a bill for any one of them becomes delinquent.  In addition, the water superintendent shall have the authority to discontinue water service without notice for failure to comply with this chapter or the rules and regulations of the water division, or when the superintendent that water is being unduly or unnecessarily wasted.
   (B)   The city shall not be liable for any damage to persons or property caused in any manner by the use of water beyond its meters or, where no meters have been installed, beyond the point where service connections enter upon private property nor shall the city be liable for any damages resulting from its failure to deliver water for any length of time.
(`64 Code, Sec. 33-38)  (Ord. No. 1009)
SEC. 22-49.  NONPAYMENT.
   (A)   (1)   The water division may charge a fee for each trip made to a customer's property for the purpose of collecting a water bill which is delinquent under the terms of this chapter.  If water service is discontinued due to nonpayment or noncompliance with this chapter, in addition to all other amounts due, the city shall charge a fee for resuming service.
      (2)   The fees shall be established by resolution of the city council.
   (B)   In the event a consumer turns on the water service or permits or causes it to be turned on after the water has been turned off for nonpayment or noncompliance, the water division shall again turn off the service, remove the meter and shall charge and collect a fee as established by resolution of the city council for reinstallation of the meter in addition to other amounts due before water service is restored.
(`64 Code, Sec. 33-39)  (Ord. No. 1009, 1319, 1538, 1771)
SEC. 22-50.  NO NEW SERVICE UNTIL BILL AND PENALTY PAID.
   (A)   Should a customer fail to pay a water bill within one month after the billing date indicated on the face of the bill, the city may disconnect the customer's water service, and decide not to provide the customer with new water service at any location until the customer has brought the outstanding water bill current and paid a penalty.
   (B)   Should a customer fail to pay a fee or charge for water service, within one month after the billing date provided on the face of the bill, the city shall assess a penalty in an amount of 10% of the overdue balance.
(`64 Code, Sec. 33-40)  (Ord. No. 1009, 1771, 2167, 2918)
SEC. 22-51.  DISCONTINUING WATER SERVICE.
   The city may require each customer to give advance written notifications of that date when they want water service discontinued in their name.  The customer shall be liable for all bills incurred until such notification is received.
(`64 Code, Sec. 33-41)  (Ord. No. 1009)
ARTICLE III.  RATES
SEC. 22-60.  WATER RATES.
   (A)   The rates charged for all water supplied by the city shall be established by ordinance of the city council.  Each customer receiving water service is liable for payment for such service at the rates so established.
   (B)   Pursuant to Cal. Gov’t Code, Section 53756, and after notice is provided as required by law, the adopted rates shall automatically adjust over a five-year period for inflation in the cost of operating the city’s water system. If the actual inflation in the rates paid by the city to every third party water supplier (including but not limited to United Water Conservation District and Calleguas Municipal Water District) and the management agency from whom the city purchases some or all its water supplies, or to whom the city pays a groundwater extraction, replenishment or pump charge, since the effective date of the rates exceeds the Rate Study’s cumulative forecast for inflation in such costs for that same period, the rates will be automatically adjusted to recover the difference between the two. For example, if in year three of these rates the actual inflation paid by the city since the effective date of the rates is 8.75% and the Rate Model estimates a cumulative increase of 7.5% over that same time period, then the inflation adjustment for that year would be 1.25%. On the other hand, if the actual inflation for this example time period is 7.5%, then no inflation adjustment would be made for that year as the actual inflation would equal the estimated inflation in the Rate Model. The city shall issue the adjustments no more than once per calendar year, and these adjustments will be effective at least 60 calendar days thereafter.
   (C)   Annually on July 1 of each year, the rates provided in sections 22-61 through 22-66 of the city code shall automatically adjust to reflect the prior year, April to April, annual percentage change in the Consumer Price Index - All Urban Consumers, Los Angeles - Riverside - Orange County, California, published by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. For example, on July 1, 2018, the inflation adjustment percent is to be calculated based on the percentage change from April 2017 to April 2018 for the above referenced index.
   (D)   When the city council declares the existence of a water shortage condition pursuant to section 22-154 of the city code, the water rates and charges provided in sections 22-61 through 22-66 of the city code that are based on water use shall be adjusted to reflect the level of severity and corresponding mandatory water conservation percentage reflected in the water shortage condition declaration. For example, if the council declares a Stage 2 water shortage condition with a mandatory water use reduction goal of 20% then the rates provided in sections 22-61 through 22-66 of the city code that are based on water use shall be concurrently adjusted upward by the same percentage - 20%. This adjustment shall be initiated as of the effective date of the water shortage declaration and terminate as of the date of the termination of that water shortage declaration.
(`64 Code, Sec. 33-42)  (Ord. No. 1771, 2306, 2490, 2921)
SEC. 22-61.  MONTHLY WATER USAGE FEES AND CHARGES.
   The following fees and methods for charging and collecting for services relating to the water system of the city are established and effective during the dates indicated, as follows:
   (A)   Monthly rates for single-family residential water use:
 
Tier
Usage in HCF
Effective Sept. 1, 2017
1
0 to 9
$3.36
2
> 9 to 15
$5.16
3
> 15
$6.14
 
   (B)   Monthly rates for multi-family residential water use (per dwelling):
 
Tier
Usage in HCF (Per Dwelling Unit)
Effective Sept. 1, 2017
1
0 to 8
$3.58
2
> 8
$5.76
 
   (C)   Monthly rates for commercial and industrial water use:
 
Tier
Usage in HCF
Effective Sept. 1, 2017
2" Meters and Below
1
0 to 62
$3.26
2
> 62
$5.77
3" Meters and Below
Uniform Rate
$4.54
 
   (D)   Monthly rates for commercial and industrial recycled water in lieu of potable:
 
Tier
Usage in HCF
Effective Sept. 1, 2017: Rate per HCF
1
Uniform Rate
$3.34
 
   (E)   Monthly rates for irrigation:
 
Tier
Tier Breaks: Usage in HCF
Effective Sept. 1, 2017: Rate per HCF
2" Meters and Below
1
0 to 24
$3.37
2
> 24
$6.00
3" Meters and Above
Uniform Rate
$5.16
 
   (F)   Monthly rates for irrigation recycled water in lieu of potable:
 
Tier
Usage in HCF
Effective Sept. 1, 2017
1
Uniform Rate
$3.52
 
   (G)   Monthly rates for ocean view agricultural irrigation:
 
Usage in HCF
Effective Sept. 1, 2017
Uniform Volumetric Rate per HCF
$1.19
 
   (H)   Monthly rates for metered construction:
 
Tier
Usage
Effective Sept. 1, 2017
1
All Usage
$4.54
 
(`64 Code, Sec. 33-43)  (Ord. 2373, 2451, 2576, 2624, 2661, 2750, 2819, 2859, 2921)
SEC. 22-62.  MONTHLY FIXED WATER METER FEES AND CHARGES.
   In addition to monthly rates for water use (per HCF) as set forth in section 22-61, all accounts shall pay one of the following monthly meter rates, based on service connection or meter size, and the associated customer class or use:
   (A)   Monthly fixed rates for single-family residential/ocean view non-agricultural:
 
Meter Size
Effective Sept. 1, 2017
3/4"
$19.52
1"
$31.47
1-1/2"
$61.10
2"
$96.80
3"
$209.96
4"
$358.63
6"
$745.40
8"
$1,072.56
10"
$1,727.05
 
   (B)   Monthly fixed rates for multi-family residential:
 
Meter Size
Effective Sept. 1, 2017
3/4"
$17.73
1"
$28.49
1-1/2"
$55.16
2"
$87.28
3"
$189.13
4"
$322.93
6"
$671.03
8"
$965.47
10"
$1,554.51
 
   (C)   Monthly fixed rates for commercial, industrial and irrigation:
 
Meter Size
Effective Sept. 1, 2017
3/4"
$14.16
1"
$22.53
1-1/2"
$43.27
2"
$68.26
3"
$147.47
4"
$251.54
6"
$522.28
8"
$751.29
10"
$1,209.44
 
   (D)   Monthly fixed rates for fire service:
 
Meter Size
Effective Sept. 1, 2017
3/4"
$1.99
1"
$3.32
1-1/2"
$6.61
2"
$10.58
3"
$23.15
4"
$39.68
6"
$82.66
8"
$119.02
10"
$191.76
 
   (E)   Monthly fixed rates for non-metered construction:
 
Meter Size
Effective Sept. 1, 2017
3/4"
$36.86
1"
$67.93
1-1/2"
$156.77
2"
$295.26
 
   (F)   Monthly fixed rates for metered construction:
 
Meter Size
Effective Sept. 1, 2017
1"
$22.53
3"
$147.47
 
(`64 Code, Sec. 33-44) (Ord. No. 2921)
SEC. 22-63.  SPECIAL WATER SERVICES.
   Each customer shall pay the following fees, according to the service received.
   (A)   Flat rates: Effective Sept. 1, 2017. Where meters are not installed, water services shall be paid for each dwelling facility, business activity, construction site, or service, whether or not such facility, activity, site or service is at the same location, at a monthly rate which shall be determined by the public works director subject to the approval of the city manager. Any unmetered service shall be temporary and limited to the shortest duration practical.
   (B)   The monthly security and contamination prevention fee shall be as follows:
 
Service
Effective Sept. 1, 2017
Security and contamination prevention fee
$1.24
 
   (C)   The monthly water resource fee shall be as follows:
 
Service
Effective Sept. 1, 2017
Water resource fee
$0.50
 
   (D)   Service to the city.
      (1)   The city shall pay for all installation services furnished to the city at the rates established by this section. However, the Water Division shall be exempt from paying for installation service.
      (2)   The city shall pay for all water furnished to the city at the rates established by this section. However, the Water Division and the Fire Department shall be exempt from paying for water provided to them.
      (3)   Unmetered water used for street sweeping, plant watering, storm drain flushing, construction purposes, and all miscellaneous uses not herein specifically mentioned shall be deemed to have been furnished through a single meter for each department. The public works director shall estimate the monthly volume of unmetered water used for such purposes.
      (4)   All water furnished to property owned by the city shall be metered.
   (E)   Temporary agricultural use. The city may provide water on a temporary basis for agricultural purposes in accordance with section 22-66 of the city code. Monthly water rates for temporary agricultural purposes shall be the same as commercial/industrial blended rates.
   (F)   Broken locks. In the event a customer breaks a lock placed on the water meter, in addition to all other amounts due, the customer shall pay a fee of $12 to replace the broken lock.
   (G)   Billing and collection; delinquent bills; nonpayment. The customer shall pay a fee of $15 for each visit to a customer’s property to collect a water bill that is delinquent. If water service is discontinued due to nonpayment or non-compliance with the city code or this section, in addition to all other amounts due, the customer shall pay a fee of $80 for resuming service.
   (H)   Billing procedure for periodic charge for city water service. Water service bills shall be computed according to the rates then in effect and the number of days in the service period at each rate.
(`64 Code, Sec. 33-45) (Ord. No. 2921)
SEC. 22-64.  WATER SERVICE AND METER RATES.
   As provided in section 22-37 of the city code, the customer shall pay for installation of each water service and water meter.
   (A)   In addition to the cost of administration and materials, the rates for installing each new service and each new meter, which amount shall be paid in advance, shall be as follows:
 
Service (inches)
Meter (inches)
Meter Box and Tail Piece (inches)
Effective Sept. 1, 2017
3/4
3/4
3/4
$1,500
1
1
1
$1,700
1-1/2
1-1/2
1-1/2
$2,200
2
2
2
$2,500
 
   (B)   The rates for installing each new box on a service, previously installed and paid for, shall be as follows in addition to the cost of materials:
 
Service (inches)
Meter (inches)
New Box (inches)
Effective Sept. 1, 2017
3/4
3/4
3/4
$450
1
1
1
$525
1-1/2
1-1/2
1-1/2
$925
2
2
2
$1,100
 
(`64 Code, Sec. 33-46) (Ord. No. 2921)
SEC. 22-65.  OTHER DEPOSITS, FEES AND RATES.
   As provided in sections 22-19, 22-26, 22-33, 22-35, 22-39, 22-40, 22-46, 22-48, 22-49, 22-61, 22-62, 22-63, 22-64, and 22-66 of the city code, the city shall require the payment of deposits, fees and charges as follows:
   (A)   Fully allocated hourly rates:
 
Effective Sept. 1, 2017
Meter repair worker
$68
Water distribution operator I
$62
Water distribution operator II
$71
Senior water distribution operator
$78
 
   (B)   Deposit guaranteeing payment. Each applicant for service shall be required to place a deposit with the city to guarantee the payment of all water charges. The amount of this deposit for monthly water service shall be:
 
Meter (inches)
Effective Sept. 1, 2017
For each
3/4
$44
For each
1
$65
For each
1-1/2
$120
For each
2
$185
For each meter over two inches, an amount equal to an approximate one-month minimum bill, but not less than $205.
 
   (C)   Meter testing. Upon written request to test a meter, the customer shall deposit $100 for a meter size of up to eight inches and $200 for a meter size of over eight inches.
   (D)   Turning water on or off. Except in an emergency situation, the charge to have water turned on or off during customary business hours (8:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m., Monday through Friday) shall be $80. To have the water turned on or off at any time after hours (this includes weekends and city-observed holidays), the charge shall be $145.
   (E)   Removal of meter and reinstallation. In the event a customer turns on the water service or permits or causes water service to be turned on after water service has been turned off for nonpayment or non-compliance, the city shall again turn off service and remove the meter, and the customer shall pay a fee of $120, in addition to other amounts due, before water service is restored.
   (F)   Request for relocation or abandonment of meters or service will be estimated in accordance with the following schedule:
      (1)   Relocate meter box laterally (not in paved area):
 
Meter
Sept. 1, 2017
Sept.1, 2017
3/4"
$440 + Abandonment Cost
$560
1"
$615 + Abandonment Cost
$735
1-1/2"
$835 + Abandonment Cost
$985
2"
$1,190 + Abandonment Cost
$1,370
 
      (2)   Relocate meter box from yard to sidewalk:
 
Service
Effective Sept. 1, 2017
Relocate meter box from yard to sidewalk
$240
 
      (3)   Relocate meter box from driveway to sidewalk:
 
Service
Effective Sept. 1, 2017
Relocate meter box from driveway to sidewalk
$300
 
      (4)   Abandonment of water services:
 
Meter
Effective Sept. 1, 2017
3/4"
$120
1"
$120
1-1/2"
$150
2"
$180
 
         *   Relocation or abandonment of services will be done by Water Distribution personnel unless it is determined by the water resources manager that a contractor will be used. It is required that the contractor follow the proper public works procedures, obtain all necessary permits, have all necessary inspections performed and pay all required fees.
      (5)   Credit for existing meter removed and replaced with a larger service and meter in the same location:
 
Meter Size Removed
Effective Sept. 1, 2017
3/4"
$235
1"
$290
1-1/2"
$505
2"
$715
 
   (G)   Backflow prevention and cross-connection control. Timely submission of forms demonstrating completed testing and inspection compliance for backflow prevention and cross-connection control device(s) shall include a $21 fee for each device. If the properly completed compliance forms are not returned within 30 days, the water resources manager shall send a second notice and assess an additional $16 late fee. If the properly completed compliance forms are not returned within 60 days of the original notice, the water resources manager shall send a third notice and assess an additional $27 late fee. If the properly completed compliance forms are not returned within 90 days of the original notice, the customer or owner shall pay an additional $53 plus the cost of all administrative, labor and materials required to complete the work. Inspection services by city employees shall be provided for a fee of $48 plus $16 per device.
   (H)   Fire hydrant testing, inspection and repair fees:
 
Service
Effective Sept. 1, 2017
Hydrant flow test inspection
$150
 
 
Temporary Hydrant Meter
Effective Sept. 1, 2017
Setup/retrieval
$100
Move
$65
Deposit - meter replacement cost
$850
Damaged hydrant meter repair
Labor + materials
Water curbs stop repair
Labor + materials
 
(Ord. No. 2921)
SEC. 22-66.  AGRICULTURAL USE.
   (A)   Water may be provided on a temporary basis for agricultural purposes, provided the area to be served was within the CMWD on August 19, 1976.  The words “agricultural purposes” shall mean the growing or raising, in conformity with recognized practices in husbandry, for the purposes of commerce, trade, or industry, or agricultural, horticultural, or floricultural products, and produced:
      (1)   For human consumption or for the market;
      (2)   For the feeding of fowl or livestock produced for human consumption or for the market;
      (3)   For the feeding of fowl or livestock for the purpose of obtaining their products for human consumption or for the market, such products to be grown or raised on a parcel of land having an area of not less than one acre utilized exclusively therefor; or
      (4)   For the feeding of fowl or livestock for the purpose of obtaining their products for human consumption or for the market, such products to be grown or raised on a parcel of land having an area of not less than five acres on which incidental domestic uses of water related to residency may also occur.
   (B)   Monthly water rates for agricultural purposes shall be set by ordinance of the city council.  The agricultural rates shall be calculated to three decimal places by subtracting the agricultural subsidy rate from other metered water rates so that the total subsidy is passed on to agricultural users.  The “agricultural subsidy” is defined as the “water for all other purposes” rate less the “agricultural water” rate as promulgated by CMWD.
(`64 Code, Sec. 33-47)  (Ord. No. 1771, 2306, 2921)
ARTICLE IV.  CROSS-CONNECTIONS
SEC. 22-70.  PROHIBITION; PURPOSE.
   (A)   No water service connection to any premises shall be installed or maintained by the water division unless the water supply is protected as required by state regulations and the provisions of this article.
   (B)   The purposes of this article are:
      (1)   To protect the public potable water supply from actual or potential cross-connections by isolating within the premises contamination or pollution that could backflow or siphon back into the water supply system because of some undiscovered or unauthorized cross-connection on the premises;
      (2)   To eliminate existing connections between drinking water systems and other sources of water that are not approved as safe and potable for human consumption;
      (3)   To eliminate cross-connections between drinking water systems and other sources of water or process water used for any purpose whatsoever that jeopardize the safety of the potable water supply;
      (4)   To prevent the making of cross-connections in the future;
      (5)   To encourage the exclusive use of public sources of water supply;
      (6)   To protect the potable water supply within the premises where plumbing defects or cross-connection may endanger the potable water supply available on the premises;
      (7)   To provide for the maintenance of a continuing program of cross-connection control which will systematically and effectively prevent the contamination or pollution of all potable water systems.
   (C)   The intent of this article is to recognize that there are varying degrees of hazard and to apply the principle that the degree of protection should be commensurate with the degree of hazard.
(`64 Code, Sec. 33-51)  (Ord. No. 1009, 2661)
SEC. 22-71.  DEFINITIONS.
   For the purposes of this article, the following words shall have the following meanings:
   (A)   BACKFLOW - The physical process by which contaminants can enter the potable water supply.
   (B)   BACKFLOW PREVENTION - Is to the equipment and technology necessary to prevent potential contamination from cross-connection.
   (C)   CROSS-CONNECTION - Any actual or potential connection or structural arrangement between a public, private or consumer's potable water system and any other source or system through which it is possible to introduce into the potable water system any substance, and shall include bypass arrangements, jumper connections, removable sections, swivel or changeover devices and other devices (temporary or permanent) through which or because of which backflow can occur and is used in conjunction with backflow prevention.
(`64 Code, Sec. 33-52)  (Ord. No. 1009, 2661)
SEC. 22-72.  CROSS-CONNECTION CONTROL STANDARDS..
   (A)   Those provisions of the California Department of Health Services promulgated rules and regulations and the California Uniform Plumbing Code applicable to cross-contamination control are adopted and made a part of this section by reference.
   (B)   The city manager is authorized to promulgate rules and regulations governing cross-connections in the form of a Backflow Prevention and Cross-Connection Control Program Manual, which shall include implementation of the California Department of Health Services promulgated rules and regulations and the California Uniform Plumbing Code applicable to cross-connection control. The Backflow Prevention and Cross-Connection Control Program Manual shall include the requirements for design, construction, installation, and maintenance of backflow prevention devices and assemblies.