CHAPTER 16:  ZONING CODE
ARTICLE I.  GENERAL PROVISIONS
   16-1.   Content of the zoning ordinance
   16-2.   Interpretation of chapter
   16-3.   Violation of license or permit condition
   16-4.   Time limit for judicial review
   16-5.   Duties of officials/employees
ARTICLE II.  DEFINITIONS
   16-10.   Definitions
ARTICLE III.  ZONES, USES AND REQUIREMENTS
DIVISION 1.  GENERALLY
   16-15.   Zones established
   16-16.   Boundaries of zones shown on zoning map incorporated by reference
   16-17.   Rules for zones where boundaries uncertain
   16-18.   Usage limited to proper zone.
DIVISION 2.  R-1 SINGLE-FAMILY ZONE
   16-20.   Purpose
   16-21.   Uses permitted
   16-22.   Related uses
   16-23.   Architectural standards
   16-24.   Minimum dwelling size
   16-25.   Height permitted
   16-26.   Minimum lot area
   16-27.   Minimum lot frontage
   16-28.   Minimum lot width
   16-29.   Minimum lot depth
   16-30.   Exception to area requirements
   16-31.   Front yard
   16-32.   Side yard
   16-33.   Rear yard
   16-34.   Interior yard space
   16-35.   Space accessory buildings may occupy
DIVISION 3.  R-2 MULTIPLE-FAMILY ZONE
   16-40.   Purpose
   16-41.   Uses permitted
   16-42.   Related uses
   16-43.   Height permitted
   16-44.   Density
   16-45.   Front yard
   16-46.   Side yard
   16-47.   Rear yard
   16-48.   Interior yard space
   16-49.   Space accessory buildings may occupy
   16-50.   Prohibited uses
DIVISION 4.  R-3 GARDEN APARTMENT ZONE
   16-55.   Purpose
   16-56.   Uses permitted
   16-57.   Related uses
   16-58.   Height permitted
   16-59.   Density
   16-60.   Front yard
   16-61.   Side yards
   16-62.   Rear yards
   16-63.   Interior yard space
   16-64.   Reserved
DIVISION 5.  R-4 HIGH RISE RESIDENTIAL ZONE
   16-70.   Purpose
   16-71.   Uses permitted
   16-72.   Related uses
   16-73.   Height permitted
   16-74.   Density
   16-75.   Front yard
   16-76.   Side yards
   16-77.   Rear yard
   16-78.   Interior yard space
   16-79.   Prohibited uses
DIVISION 6.  MH-PD MOBILE HOME PLANNED DEVELOPMENT ZONE
   16-85.   Purpose
   16-86.   Uses permitted
   16-87.   Related uses
   16-88.   Mobile home park site plan required
   16-89.   Design criteria
   16-90.   Subdivision prohibited; lot area; marking; anchorage
   16-91.   Yard setbacks; maximum lot coverage
   16-92.   Interior yard space required
   16-93.   Open space; recreation area
   16-94.   Landscaping; fences and screening
   16-95.   Vehicular access and circulation; loading areas; driveways
   16-96.   Street names and space numbers
   16-97.   Parking
   16-98.   Walkways
   16-99.   Boundary wall; buffer zones
   16-100.   Recreation vehicle storage; general storage lockers.
   16-101.   Common laundry service facilities
   16-102.   Management office
DIVISION 7.  C-O COMMERCIAL OFFICE ZONE
   16-105.   Purpose
   16-106.   Uses permitted
   16-107.   Related uses
   16-108.   Height permitted
   16-109.   Front yard
   16-110.   Side yard
   16-111.   Rear yard
   16-112.   Residential uses prohibited
   16-113.   Conversion of existing structures prohibited
   16-114.   Incidental retail and professional services
   16-115.   Cannabis uses prohibited
DIVISION 8.  C-1 NEIGHBORHOOD SHOPPING CENTER ZONE
   16-120.   Purpose
   16-121.   Basic provisions
   16-122.   Uses permitted
   16-123.   Related uses
   16-124.   Prohibited uses
   16-125.   Height permitted
   16-126.   Lot area
   16-127.   Front yard
   16-128.   Side yard
   16-129.   Rear yard
   16-130.   Property development standards
DIVISION 9.  C-2 GENERAL COMMERCIAL ZONE
   16-135.   Uses permitted
   16-136.   Related uses
   16-137.   Height permitted
   16-138.   Lot area per dwelling unit
   16-139.   Front yard
   16-140.   Side yard
   16-141.   Rear yard
   16-142.   Yard requirements for dwellings
   16-143.   Cannabis uses prohibited
   16-144.   Operating standard for sale or storage of used fabric items
DIVISION 10.  DOWNTOWN ZONES
   16-145.   Regulations adopted by reference
DIVISION 11.  INDUSTRIAL ZONES
   16-160.   Purpose and intent
   16-161.   Permit requirements for industrial uses
   16-162.   Non-industrial uses
   16-163.   Industrial land uses by zone: industrial land use matrix
   16-164.   Development standards
   16-165.   Special requirements specific to C-M, BRP, M-L, M-1, and M-2 Zones
   16-166.   Performance standards; general
   16-167.   Exceptions
   16-168.   Performance standards; specific
   16-169.   Industrial accessory uses: purpose and intent
   16-170.   Industrial accessory uses: office uses
   16-171.   Industrial accessory uses: commercial and retail uses
   16-172.   Industrial accessory uses: outdoor uses and storage/equipment
DIVISION 12.  (RESERVED)
DIVISION 13.  (RESERVED)
DIVISION 14.  (RESERVED)
DIVISION 15.  (RESERVED)
DIVISION 16.  C-R COMMUNITY RESERVE ZONE
   16-255.   Purpose
   16-256.   Permitted uses
   16-257.   Related uses
   16-258.   Prohibited uses
   16-259.   Industrial service centers
   16-260.   Height permitted
   16-261.   Front yard
   16-262.   Side yard
   16-263.   Rear yard
   16-264.   Lot coverage
DIVISION 17.  PLANNED DEVELOPMENT (ADDITIVE) ZONE
   16-270.   Purpose
   16-271.   Modification of requirements of basic zone
   16-272.   Procedure to establish P-D zone
   16-273.   Procedure to obtain special use permit
   16-274.   Recordation of notice of issuance of special use permit
   16-275.   Minimum lot area
   16-276.   Modification of special use permit for planned development
   16-277.   Subsequent zone changes
   16-278.   Time limit for commencement of improvements
DIVISION 18.  LOT SIZE ADDITIVE
   16-285.   Purpose
   16-286.   Lot size additive; definitions
   16-287.   Lot size additive; effect
   16-288.   Minimum requirements
DIVISION 19.  AIRPORT HAZARD OVERLAY ZONE
   16-290.   Purpose and intent
   16-291.   Applicability
   16-292.   Airport sphere of influence defined
   16-293.   Review by Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) required
   16-294.   Aircraft hazard and land use risk assessment required
   16-295.   Aircraft hazard and land use risk assessment contents
   16-296.   Review by Oxnard Airport Authority
ARTICLE IV.  STANDARDS FOR ALL ZONES
DIVISION 1.  GENERAL REQUIREMENTS
   16-300.   Accessory buildings on through lots
   16-301.   Accessory structures and accessory buildings, exemptions
   16-302.   Authorized vehicle repair, storage, assembly or disassembly
   16-303.   Building heights
   16-304.   Cornice requirements
   16-305.   Extension of fire escapes into yards
   16-306.   Extension of open stairways and balconies
   16-307.   Extension of uncovered porches
   16-308.   Fences, hedges, height limitations; front yard
   16-309.   Fences, hedges, height limitations; side and rear yard
   16-310.   Fence limitations, commercial zones
   16-311.   Fence limitations, industrial zone
   16-312.   Fence types, prohibited and exemptions
   16-313.   Fence maintenance requirements
   16-314.   Fences, public property
   16-315.   Fences, schools
   16-316.   Fences, safety or emergency
   16-317.   Garage use for other than storage of vehicle
   16-318.   [Reserved]
   16-319.   Lot restrictions
   16-320.   On-site lighting
   16-321.   Porte cochere requirements
   16-322.   Solid waste disposal area and recycled materials collection area
   16-323.   Standards for siting antennas
   16-324.   Zone wall
DIVISION 2.  PROHIBITIONS
   16-330.   General prohibitions
   16-331.   Multiplex motion picture theaters prohibited
   16-332.   Oil drilling prohibited in all zones; exception
   16-333.   Parking on residential property visible from public streets
ARTICLE V.  SPECIFIC USE REQUIREMENTS
DIVISION 1.  ADULT BUSINESSES
   16-335.   Purpose
   16-336.   Definitions
   16-337.   Location of adult businesses
   16-338.   Measurement of distance
   16-339.   Existing adult businesses
   16-340.   Adult business permit required
   16-341.   Investigation and action on application
   16-342.   Issuance of permit
   16-343.   Expiration of permit
   16-344.   Suspension of permit
   16-345.   Revocation of permit
   16-346.   Transfer of permit
   16-347.   Adult business employee license
   16-348.   Review of denial, suspension or revocation
   16-349.   Regulations pertaining to adult businesses with video booths
   16-350.   Restrictions regarding minors
   16-351.   Signs
   16-352.   Lighting
   16-353.   Hours of operation
   16-354.   Criminal penalties and additional remedies
   16-355.   Immunity from prosecution
DIVISION 2.  ATTACHED DWELLING UNIT DEVELOPMENT STANDARDS
   16-360.   Purpose and intent
   16-361.   Applicability
   16-362.   Development standards
   16-363.   Development design review
DIVISION 3.  BED AND BREAKFAST USES
   16-370.   Purpose
   16-371.   Definitions
   16-372.   Limitations on locations
   16-373.   Type of permit required
   16-374.   Standards for traditional bed and breakfast (homestay)
   16-375.   Standards for bed and breakfast inns
DIVISION 4.  COMMUNITY HOUSING CONVERSIONS
   16-380.   Purpose
   16-381.   Special use permit required
   16-382.   Requirements for filing
   16-383.   Completed filing
   16-384.   Copy to buyers
   16-385.   Hearing
   16-386.   Physical standards for conversions
   16-387.   Notices to tenants
   16-388.   Effect upon low and moderate income housing supply
   16-389.   Findings
DIVISION 5.  COMMUNITY OWNERSHIP UNITS
   16-395.   Special use permit required
DIVISION 6.  HOME OCCUPATIONS
   16-400.   Purpose
   16-400.1   Applicability
   16-401.   Permit and license required
   16-402.   Permit initiation and expiration
   16-403.   Operating standards
   16-404.   Prohibited home occupations
   16-405.   Revocation
   16-406.   Appeal
DIVISION 7.  (RESERVED)
DIVISION 7A.  DENSITY BONUS AND RELATED INCENTIVES AND CONCESSIONS PROGRAM
   16-410A.   Purpose
   16-410B.   Definitions
   16-410C.   Eligibility for density bonuses and incentives
   16-410D.   Fees
   16-410E.   Application required
   16-410F.   Content of application
   16-410G.   Effect of proposal for waiver or reduction of development standards
   16-410H.   Density bonus allowance for housing development with affordable housing component
   16-410I.   Density bonus for housing development with affordable housing component and child care facility
   16-410J.   Density bonus for senior citizen housing development
   16-410K.   Density bonus for land donation
   16-410L.   Affordable housing incentives
   16-410M.   Number of incentives granted
   16-410N.   Criteria for denial of application for incentives
   16-410O.   Waiver or modification of development standards
   16-410P.   Parking standard modifications for qualified housing developments
   16-410Q.   Density bonus and affordable housing incentive program
   16-410R.   Determination on density bonus and affordable housing incentive program requests
   16-410S.   Affordable housing agreement and equity sharing agreement
   16-410T.   Density bonus or incentive for condominium conversion projects
   16-410U.   Enforcement provisions
   16-410V.   Burden is on applicant
DIVISION 7B.  (RESERVED)
DIVISION 7C.  ALL-AFFORDABLE HOUSING OPPORTUNITY PROGRAM (AAHOP) AND -AH ADDITIVE ZONE
   16-420A.   Intent
   16-420B.   Creation and selection of additive zones (-AH)
   16-420C.   Permitted uses
   16-420D.   Affordability requirements
   16-420E.   Density of units
   16-420F.   Plan review and processing
   16-420G.   Assistance for AAHOP projects
   16-420H.   Interpretation of this Division 7C
DIVISION 8.  INCENTIVES TO CONVERT APARTMENTS TO AFFORDABLE CONDOMINIUM UNITS
   16-425.   Purpose
   16-426.   Condominium density bonus or other incentives
   16-427.   Definitions
   16-428.   Fees
   16-429.   Preliminary proposal
   16-430.   Application for condominium density bonus permit
   16-431.   Supplementing application
   16-432.   Project design
   16-433.   Staff recommendation
   16-434.   Procedure to decide application
   16-435.   Continued affordability
DIVISION 9.  LARGE FAMILY DAY CARE HOMES
   16-440.   Standards for large family day care homes
DIVISION 10.  OIL DRILLING DISTRICTS
   [RESERVED]
DIVISION 11.  PLANNED RESIDENTIAL GROUPS
   16-445.   Special use permit required
   16-446.   Senior and/or senior assisted living residential facilities
DIVISION 12.  RESIDENTIAL PLANNED UNIT DEVELOPMENTS
   16-450.   Intent and purpose
   16-451.   Applicability
   16-452.   Uses permitted
   16-453.   Development standards
   16-454.   Yards and setbacks
   16-455.   Distance between buildings
   16-456.   Maximum building height
   16-457.   Required off-street parking
   16-458.   Walls, fences, and landscaping
   16-459.   Signs
DIVISION 13.  ACCESSORY DWELLING UNITS
   16-465.   Purpose and findings
   16-466.   Ministerial considerations
   16-467.   Standards for review
   16-468.   Off-street parking
   16-469.   Fire safety exception to setback requirements for accessory dwelling units
   16-469.5.   Accessory dwelling unit in General Commercial (C-2) and Central Business District (CBD) zones
   16-469.6.   Exceptions for large lots with a proposal for new primary dwelling unit
DIVISION 14.  SIGNIFICANT HERITAGE FEATURES
   16-470.   Procedures for designating significant heritage features
   16-471.   Findings necessary for designation as significant heritage feature
DIVISION 15.  TEMPORARY USES
   16-475.   “Temporary use” defined
   16-475.1.   Exemptions
   16-476.   Permitted
   16-477.   Permit required; permit application; issuance of permit
   16-478.   Fee
   16-479.   Time limits
   16-480.   Expiration of use; removal of materials; bond required
   16-481.   Denial of permit; appeal
   16-482.   Signs
   16-483.   Prohibited uses
DIVISION 16.  WIRELESS COMMUNICATION FACILITIES
   16-485.   Purpose
   16-486.   Applicability
   16-487.   Definitions
   16-488.   Approval process
   16-489.   Co-location
   16-490.   General requirements
   16-491.   Health and safety
   16-492.   Development standards
   16-493.   Removal of abandoned wireless communications facilities
   16-494.   Removal of wireless communications facilities within utility rights-of-way
   16-495.   Nonconforming wireless communications facilities
   16-496.   Modifications to existing wireless communications facilities
   16-497.   Modifications to development standards
   16-498.   Validation of proper operation
   16-499.   Violations
DIVISION 17.  REASONABLE ACCOMMODATION
   16-501.   Purpose and intent
   16-501.1.   Applicability
   16-501.2.   Application requirements
   16-501.3.   Review authority
   16-501.4.   Review procedure
   16-501.5.   Findings and decision
   16-501.6.   Compliance with existing rules
   16-502.   Appeal of determination
   16-502.1.   [Reserved]
   16-502.2.   [Reserved]
   16-502.3.   Modifications
   16-502.4.   Time extensions
   16-502.5   Discontinuance and revocation
   16-503.   Restrictive covenant
DIVISION 18. EMERGENCY SHELTERS
   16-504.   Emergency shelter development and operation standards
DIVISION 19.  FIREARM AND AMMUNITION SALES
   16-504.1   Purpose and intent
DIVISION 20.  FIREARM RANGES
   16-504.2   Purpose and intent
ARTICLE VI.  NONCONFORMING USES
   16-505.   Intention of article
   16-506.   Definition, nonconforming building
   16-507.   Definition, nonconforming use
   16-508.   Building limitations
   16-509.   Land use limitations
   16-510.   When caused by reclassification
   16-511.   Exceptions
   16-512.   Council may order use changed or structure removed
   16-513.   Computation of time for removal of structure
   16-514.   Use may be continued when building destroyed; limitation
   16-515.   Appeal of decision regarding a nonconforming use or a nonconforming building
ARTICLE VII.  PERMIT PROCEDURES
DIVISION 1.  ZONE CLEARANCE PERMIT
   16-520.   Purpose and intent
   16-520.1   Applicability
   16-520.2   Permit and license required
   16-520.3   Approval
   16-520.4   Permit initiation and expiration
   16-520.5   Revocation
   16-520.6   Appeal
DIVISION 2.  DEVELOPMENT DESIGN REVIEW PERMIT
   16-525.   When required; procedures
DIVISION 3.  SPECIAL USE PERMIT
   16-530.   Special use permits; when required; purpose
   16-531.   Requirements for granting
   16-532.   Conditions
   16-533.   Form and contents of application
   16-534.   Manner of initiating proceedings to obtain permit; reapplication
   16-535.   Application fee
   16-536.   Hearing on application; required
   16-537.   Notice of hearing
   16-538.   Time for holding
   16-539.   Continuance of hearings
   16-540.   Decision
   16-541.   Notice to applicant
   16-542.   Effective date of resolution
   16-543.   When applicant may exercise special use permit
   16-544.   Finality of decision
   16-545.   Appeal of decision to council; who may appeal; filing procedures; fee
   16-546.   Notice and time of hearing; certain actions suspended pending conclusion of appeal
   16-547.   Delivery of records to council
   16-548.   Review and hearing procedures; quorum
   16-549.   Decision of council generally; referral back to commission; no withdrawal before hearing
   16-550.   Notice
   16-551.   Finality
   16-552.   Revocation
   16-553.   Expiration
DIVISION 4.  MODIFICATIONS TO SPECIAL USE PERMITS
   16-560.   Minor modifications; when required; procedures
   16-561.   Major modifications
DIVISION 5.  VARIANCES
   16-565.   Variances; when permitted
   16-566.   Conditions on variances
   16-567.   Information accompanying application
   16-568.   Procedure
   16-569.   Expiration
ARTICLE VIII.  CHANGE OF BOUNDARIES AND USES
   16-575.   Authorized
   16-576.   Procedure–how initiated; reapplication
   16-577.   Application form and contents
   16-578.   Fee
   16-579.   Hearing
   16-580.   Notice
   16-581.   Recommendation to city council
   16-582.   Continuance of hearing
   16-583.   When decision rendered
   16-584.   Report to council
   16-585.   Decision to be sent to applicant
   16-586.   Effect of failure of commission to act
   16-587.   Commission decision advisory only
   16-588.   Review by city council
   16-589.   Notice requirements
   16-590.   Conditional approval of reclassification of property
ARTICLE IX.  ADVERTISING SIGNS
DIVISION 1.  GENERALLY
   16-595.   Purpose
   16-596.   Sign definitions
   16-597.   Noncommerical signs
DIVISION 2.  PERMITS AND SPECIFICATIONS
   16-600.   Sign permits required
   16-601.   Sign area
   16-602.   Safety and maintenance
DIVISION 3.  SIGN REGULATIONS IN SPECIFIC ZONES
   16-605.   Signs in residential zones
   16-606.   Signs in commercial office zone
   16-607.   Signs in neighborhood commercial zones
   16-608.   Signs in general commercial and industrial zones
DIVISION 4.  SIGN REGULATIONS APPLICABLE TO ALL ZONES
   16-610.   General restrictions
   16-611.   Nonconforming signs; abatement required; terms of abatement
   16-612.   Subdivision signs
ARTICLE X.  OFF-STREET PARKING
DIVISION 1.  GENERAL
   16-615.   Intent and purpose
   16-616.   Applicability of requirements
   16-617.   Status of existing developments [Reserved]
   16-618.   Status of previous approvals
   16-619.   Schedules of vehicle off-street parking [Reserved]
DIVISION 2.  PARKING SPACE AND LOADING REQUIREMENTS
   16-620.   Computation of off-street parking spaces
   16-621.   Increases and decreases in requirements
   16-622.   Schedule of vehicle off-street parking requirements
   16-623.   Schedule of bicycle parking requirements
   16-624.   Schedule of motorcycle parking requirements
   16-625.   Parking and loading requirements in redevelopment projects in a redevelopment area
   16-626.   Residential subterranean garages
DIVISION 3.  VEHICLE TRIP REDUCTION
   16-630.   Definitions
   16-631.   Trip reduction measures
   16-632.   Transportation information
   16-633.   Carpool and vanpool spaces
DIVISION 4.  PARKING AREA DESIGN
   16-635.   Parking plan submittal requirements
   16-636.   Design standards for vehicle parking areas
   16-637.   Design standards for bicycle parking
   16-638.   Dimensions of vehicular parking spaces
   16-639.   Dimensions of vehicle parking bays and aisles
   16-640.   Parking area landscape plans
   16-641.   Parking area landscape requirements
   16-642.   Parking area landscape maintenance
   16-643.   Parking area paving and construction standards
   16-644.   Off-street loading and unloading areas
   16-645.   Location of parking spaces
   16-646.   Landscaping for above-grade parking structures
   16-647.   Drive-through facilities
DIVISION 5.  RELIEF FROM PARKING REQUIREMENTS
   16-650.   Appeal of decision regarding administrative relief
   16-651.   Administrative relief from parking provisions
ARTICLE I.  GENERAL PROVISIONS
SEC. 16-1.  CONTENT OF THE ZONING ORDINANCE.
   (A)   The zoning ordinance of the city shall consist of this chapter. 
   (B)   The area within the coastal zone, as established by the California Coastal Commission, shall be governed by chapter 17 of the code.
(`64 Code, Sec. 36-1.2.1)  (Ord. No. 2130)
SEC. 16-2.  INTERPRETATION OF CHAPTER.
   (A)   This chapter establishes the minimum requirements for the promotion of the public health, safety, comfort, convenience and general welfare for the city. The city council does not intend this chapter to interfere with or abrogate or annul, any easement, covenant or other agreement. 
   (B)   Where the provisions of this chapter impose greater restrictions against buildings or land, or upon the use thereof, or upon the height of buildings, or require larger open spaces than are imposed or required by other sections of this code, or other pertinent rules and regulations, or private easements, covenants or agreements, the provisions of this chapter shall control.
(`64 Code, Sec. 34-1)
SEC. 16-3.  VIOLATION OF LICENSE OR PERMIT CONDITION.
   (A)   No person shall violate a provision of this chapter.  No licensee or permittee shall fail to perform or shall violate any condition of a license or permit granted pursuant to this chapter. 
   (B)   Violations of this chapter may be prosecuted as a violation of this code pursuant to section 1-10.
(`64 Code, Sec. 34-1.1)  (Ord. No. 1506)
SEC. 16-4.  TIME LIMIT FOR JUDICIAL REVIEW.
   Any court action or proceeding to review any decision on matters contained in this chapter including the validity of the proceedings or conditions imposed, shall not be maintained unless such action or proceeding is commenced within 90 days after the effective date of such decision.  Thereafter all persons are barred from commencing or maintaining any such action or proceeding or raising any defense of invalidity or unreasonableness of any such decision, proceeding, or condition.
(`64 Code, Sec. 34-1.2)  (Ord. No. 1842)
SEC. 16-5.  DUTIES OF OFFICIALS/EMPLOYEES.
   All officials or public employees vested with the duty or authority to issue permits or licenses required by law shall conform to the provisions of this chapter and shall not issue any license or permit for uses, buildings or purposes that would conflict with the provisions of this chapter.  Any such license or permit, if issued in conflict with the provisions hereof, shall be null and void.
(`64 Code, Sec. 34-2)
ARTICLE II.  DEFINITIONS
SEC. 16-10.  DEFINITIONS.
   (A)   For the purposes of this chapter, the following words shall have the following meanings:
      (1)   ACCESSORY BUILDING - Any structure built for the support, shelter, or enclosure of property that is separate from but related, subordinate, and secondary to the main use of the property, such as but not limited to: storage sheds, greenhouses, and garages.
      (2)   ACCESSORY DWELLING UNIT - An independent living facility located entirely within or attached to an existing or proposed legal structure or as a detached structure that includes permanent provisions for living, sleeping, eating, cooking and sanitation, and is situated on the same parcel as an existing or proposed primary single-family dwelling, but is subordinate to and smaller than the primary dwelling.
      (3)   ACCESSORY SIGN - Any sign which advertises goods manufactured or produced, goods for sale, or services rendered on the property upon which such sign is located, also known as an on-premise sign.
      (4)   ACCESSORY STRUCTURE - A man-made object other than ornamental statuary, having a permanent location on the ground and more than six inches above the finished grade that is separate from but related, subordinate, and secondary to the main use of the property, such as but not limited to: patio covers, gazebos, and children's play structures.
      (5)   ACCESSORY USE - A use of property separate from, but related, subordinate and secondary to, the main use of the property.
      (6)   ADULT DAY CARE FACILITY - A state-licensed facility that provides less than 24-hour per day care to persons 18 years of age or older in need of personal services, supervision, or assistance essential for sustaining the activities of daily living or for the protection of these individuals.
      (7)   ADULT HEALTH CARE CENTER - Any family day home, day care center, or social rehabilitation center, as defined in Cal. Health and Safety Code, Section 1570.7, and licensed by the State Department of Health, which provides, on less than a twenty-four hour basis, nonmedical care to adults in need of personal services, protection, supervision, assistance, guidance or training essential for sustaining the activities of daily living or for the protection of the individual.
      (8)   ALLEY - Any public thoroughfare for the use of pedestrians or vehicles, not less than ten feet nor more than thirty feet wide, which has been deeded or dedicated to the city as a secondary means of access to abutting property.
      (9)   AMMUNITION - Any cartridge or encasement containing a bullet or projectile, propellant, or explosive charge and a primer that is used in the operation of a firearm.
      (10)   ANTIQUE SHOP - A retail business that sells works of art, furniture, decorative objects and the like, all of which are at least thirty years old.
      (11)   APARTMENT - A room or suite of rooms in a multi-family dwelling designated as a residence for one household and containing permanent provisions for living, sleeping, eating, cooking, and sanitation. Efficiency, studio, and single are terms used for apartments with combined living, sleeping, and/or kitchen areas.
      (12)   APARTMENT HOTEL - A building containing six or more apartments, designated for use as second or temporary dwellings for transient guests.
      (13)   APARTMENT HOUSE - Any building which is designed to be or is in fact occupied as the residence of two or more families living independently of each other in such building, in separate apartments, and where such apartments are rented or leased for a period of not less than one month.
      (14)   AUTOMOBILE REPAIR GARAGE - A building used for the overhaul and repair of vehicles, including body repairs, engine overhaul, upholstery work, parts rebuilding and like activities.
      (15)   AUTOMOBILE SERVICE STATION - Any business which dispenses gasoline and which may also sell other automotive-related and nonrelated goods and services, but which excludes auto body work, complete engine and transmission overhaul and rebuilding and similar intensive vehicle-related services.
      (16)   AUTOMOBILE WRECKING - The dismantling or destruction of one or more motorcycles or motor vehicles.
      (17)   BABYSITTING - The care of one or more children by an individual in a home on a temporary basis, and without the benefit of formal advertising or established hours of business.
      (18)   BASEMENT - A story partly underground with less than one-half its height above the average finished grade.
      (19)   BED AND BREAKFAST INN - An establishment, originally built as a single-family residence, operated by a resident owner and containing three to five guest bedrooms, each of which is available for rent to the general public for up to twenty-nine consecutive days.
      (20)   BEDROOM - Any room that is or can be used for sleeping purposes, including any room other than a kitchen, bathroom, or utility service room, such as a study, den and loft.
      (21)   BUILDING - Any structure built for the support, shelter, or enclosure of persons, animals, chattels, or property of any kind.
      (22)   BUILDING HEIGHT - Total height of a building measured from the average finished grade at the base of the building to the highest point of the building.
      (23)   BUILDING SITE - The area, including all required yards, open space and parking, which a main building and its accessory buildings and uses occupy.
      (24)   BUSINESS - Any use of property for profit requiring a business license.
      (25)   CANNABIS - Shall have the same meaning as set forth in Cal. Bus. and Prof. Code Section 26001(f), as that section now appears or may hereinafter be amended or renumbered.
      (26)   CAR WASH (MECHANICAL) - Any operation which provides for the washing of motor vehicles primarily through the use of mechanical equipment which may include conveyor chains, blowers, steam guns, roller brushes, high pressure vacuum units and similar equipment.
      (27)   CAR WASH (NONMECHANICAL, SELF-SERVICE) - Any operation which provides for the washing of motor vehicles by the customer, which employs persons only to check, maintain and supervise the use of the facility and equipment, and which has equipment limited to water softeners, water heaters, soap mixing tanks, low pressure vacuum units and similar equipment that produces only a low volume of sound.
      (28)   CHILD CARE CENTER - A state-licensed child care facility other than a family day care home, in which less than twenty-four hour per day nonmedical care and supervision is provided in a group setting for children.
      (29)   CHURCH - A building operated primarily for worship or for promotion of religious activities excluding other buildings or activities maintained by religious organizations such as educational institutions, hospitals, homeless shelters and day care centers or operations that are commercial in nature.
      (30)   CLUB - An association of persons for some common, nonprofit purpose excluding groups organized primarily to render a service which is customarily carried on as a business.
      (31)   COMMERCIAL DISTRICT - Stores and businesses located in a shopping center of more than ten acres but less than thirty acres and designed to serve several neighborhoods.
      (32)   COMMERCIAL SCHOOL - A nonaccredited school providing training or personal improvement, such as a beauty college, dance school, business school, or gymnasium.
      (33)   COMMISSION - The planning commission of the city.
      (34)   COMMON AREA - Any area or space designed for joint use by tenants occupying mobile home parks, condominiums, planned residential groups and similar residential developments.
      (35)   COMMUNITY APARTMENT PROJECT - A project in which an undivided interest in the property is coupled with the right of exclusive occupancy of any apartment located thereon.
      (36)   COMMUNITY CARE FACILITY - A State-licensed facility maintained and operated to provide nonmedical residential care, day treatment, adult day care, or foster family agency services for children and/or adults, including, but not limited to, the physically handicapped, mentally impaired, incompetent persons, and abused or neglected children, as further defined in Cal. Health and Safety Code, Section 1502.
      (37)   CONDOMINIUM - An estate in real property consisting of an undivided interest in common in a portion of a parcel of real property, together with a separate interest in space in a building on real property such as a residence.
      (38)   CONGREGATE LIVING HEALTH FACILITY - A State-licensed residential home with a non-institutional home-like environment that provides twenty-four hour medical supervision and skilled nursing with services for persons who are physically disabled, have a diagnosis of terminal illness, or are catastrophically and severely disabled, as further defined in Cal. Health and Safety Code, Section  1250.
      (39)   CORNER LOT - A lot having frontage on two intersecting streets.
      (40)   DETACHED BUILDING - Any building that is not physically joined to another building by a common wall.
      (41)   DIRECTOR - The city's community development director or designee.
      (42)   DRIVE-IN THEATER - A motion picture theater containing a vehicle parking area where patrons remain in their vehicles to view the entertainment presented on one or more screens.
      (43)   DRIVE-THRU FACILITY - A facility which, by its design, allows people to receive goods and/or services while remaining in their motor vehicles.
      (44)   DUPLEX - A building containing two dwelling units.
      (45)   DWELLING UNIT - A room or suite of rooms designed as a residence for one household and containing one kitchen.
      (46)   EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTION - An institution offering academic instruction or training leading to a degree, or accredited by the state, including private colleges or trade schools but not including dance schools, business schools, and similar commercial establishments.
      (47)   EFFICIENCY DWELLING UNIT - A housing unit, typically a combined living room and bedroom area, a separate bathroom, and a kitchenette, with a typical minimum gross floor area of 220 square feet. Occupancy standards and square footage shall be governed by Cal. Residential Code Section R304.5. In no instance shall the minimum square footage be less than 220 square feet.
      (48)   EMERGENCY SHELTER FOR FAMILIES - A permanent facility consisting of a building or group of buildings with overnight sleeping accommodations providing temporary housing for six months or less to homeless families with children under the age of 18, or 21 if they are full-time students or disabled, pursuant to standards set forth in article V, division 18. Such accommodations shall include basic supportive services such as meals, restroom, bathing and laundry facilities. No family shall be denied emergency shelter because of an inability to pay. For purposes of this definition, "disabled" means persons with special needs, including mental disabilities, developmental disabilities, AIDS, substance abuse or chronic health conditions.
      (49)   EMERGENCY SHELTER, PERMANENT - A permanent facility consisting of a building or group of buildings with overnight sleeping accommodations providing temporary housing for six months or less to homeless persons pursuant to standards set forth in article V, division 18. Such accommodations shall include basic supportive services such as meals, restroom, bathing and laundry facilities. No individual or household shall be denied emergency shelter because of an inability to pay.
      (50)   EMERGENCY SHELTER, TEMPORARY - A temporary facility consisting of a building or group of buildings with overnight sleeping accommodations providing housing to homeless persons for winter warming or similar short-term, temporary operation not to exceed four months within a twelve-month period. No individual or household shall be denied emergency shelter because of an inability to pay.
      (51)   ENTERTAINMENT - Any performance or activity defined herein; provided, however, that the term does not include vocal music or music from a single, unamplified, stringed instrument, including piano.
      (52)   FAMILY - A group of residents whose members jointly occupy a dwelling unit as a single housekeeping unit; have joint use of and responsibility for common areas; share household activities such as meals, chores, maintenance and expenses; but not including residents of commercial group living such as hotels, dormitories and fraternities.
      (53)   FARMWORKER - An employee, also known as an agricultural worker, engaged in agricultural work/farming and any practices performed on a farm in conjunction with farming including cultivating and tillage of soil, the raising of animals and the preparation of agricultural products for market and or to carriers for transportation to market.
      (54)   FARMWORKER EMPLOYEE HOUSING - A residential use of one or more single or multi family dwelling units and accessory dwellings of the same type and in the same zone, and/or group quarters structures with common dining area. A farmworker housing complex does not need to be located on the site of a qualifying agricultural operation where the farmworkers are employed.
      (55)   FAST FOOD RESTAURANT - An establishment whose principal business is sale of pre-prepared or rapidly prepared food served in disposable packaging directly to the customer, for consumption either within the restaurant building or off premises.
      (56)   FIREARM - Any device designed to be used as a weapon or modified to be used as a weapon, that expels a projectile by the force of an explosion or some other form of combustion, including any projectile which carries or contains its own fuel and is propelled by reaction. This definition does not include model rockets, airsoft guns, nerf-type guns, or paintball guns.
      (57)   FIREARM AND AMMUNITION SALES - A retail business that engages in the sale of firearms and/or ammunition.
      (58)   FIREARM RANGE - Any public or private establishment that operates an area designated for the discharge or other use of firearms within a controlled shooting environment. Also referred to as firing or shooting range.
      (59)   FRONTAGE - The portion of a lot, parcel or site that abuts a dedicated public street, not an alley.
      (60)   FRONTAGE OF BLOCK - The length of a block measured between two cross streets whereon more than four lots have frontage.
      (61)   FRONT LOT LINE - The line dividing a lot or parcel from an officially designated street; provided, however, that if the street is without frontage, the commission shall designate the front lot line.
      (62)   FRONT YARD - The yard measured the full width of the lot, lying between the front lot line and the closest portion of the main building.
      (63)   GARAGE - An accessory building or portion of the main building having a minimum of four walls, and designed and used principally for the housing of motor vehicles.
      (64)   GENERAL COMMERCIAL - Individual stores and businesses where each establishment is located on a separate lot, with separate parking and loading facilities and not in a shopping center.
      (65)   GUEST HOUSE - An accessory building for the housing of temporary guests, not containing a kitchen and not being rented or leased.
      (66)   HABITABLE ROOM - Any room used, or intended or designed to be used for sleeping, living, cooking or dining purposes, excluding such enclosed spaces as closets, pantries, bath or toilet rooms, service rooms, connecting corridors, laundries, unfinished attics, foyers, storage spaces, cellars, utility rooms and similar spaces.
      (67)   HOME FINDING AGENCY - Any individual or organization engaged in finding homes or other facilities as defined in the Cal. Code of Regulations, for placement of persons of any age for temporary or permanent care, or adoption, including providing continuing social services to such persons.
      (68)   HOME OCCUPATION - Gainful employment engaged in by the occupants of a dwelling, which is incidental and subordinate to and compatible with the residential use of the property and  surrounding residential uses.
      (69)   HOTEL - A building providing separate bedrooms or baths for the accommodation of travelers, semipermanent residents and the like, where no kitchen facility is provided, whether known as a hotel, motel, or rooming house.
      (70)   HOUSEHOLD - See FAMILY.
      (71)   INLAND WATERWAY - A body of water confined to a channel which permits navigation by vessels and ships and is connected directly to the ocean.
      (72)   INSTITUTION - An organization having a social, educational, or religious purpose such as a school, church, hospital, club or lodge.
      (73)   INTERIOR LOT - A lot having lots adjoining on two sides.
      (74)   INTERIOR YARD SPACE - The area on the lot behind the front setback line which is open from ground to sky and used as private open space except as otherwise permitted in this chapter.
      (75)   JUNK - Scraps of copper, wood, brass, rope, rags, batteries, paper, trash, rubber, debris, waste, or junked, dismantled or wrecked motor vehicles or parts thereof, iron, steel and other scrap ferrous or nonferrous material.
      (76)   KEY LOT - A lot whose side lot forms the rear lot line of a reversed corner lot.
      (77)   KITCHEN - Any room or portion of a room used, or intended or designed to be used for cooking and preparing food.
      (78)   LANDSCAPING - The treatment and maintenance of a yard area with predominantly vegetative materials, such as lawn or ground cover, shrubs or trees, and ornamental flagstone, brick or rock work and the like, organized in a manner designed to create or enhance a specific appearance.
      (79)   LARGE FAMILY DAY CARE HOME - A State-licensed facility that provides care, protection and supervision for seven to fourteen children in the provider's own home for periods less than twenty-four hours per day, as further defined in Cal. Health and Safety Code, Section 1596.78.
      (80)   LOT - A parcel of real property officially subdivided and recorded prior to or according to chapter 15 of this code.
      (81)   LOT AREA - The number of square feet enclosed by the lot lines of a lot.
      (82)   LOT DEPTH - The average lineal distance between the front and rear lot lines, measured perpendicular to the front lot line.
      (83)   LOT WIDTH - The lineal width of a lot measured at the midpoint between the front lot line and rear lot line.
      (84)   MAIN BUILDING - The building wherein the principal use of a lot or parcel is conducted, including attached structures where more than eight lineal feet of a wall is commonly used.
      (85)   MAJOR RECREATIONAL EQUIPMENT - Items designed to be used as temporary dwellings for recreational outings, or designed to be used for other recreational purposes, such as travel trailers, trailer coaches, pickup campers, motorized dwellings, tent trailers, boats and boat trailers.
      (86)   MARIJUANA - Shall have the same meaning as cannabis.
      (87)   MINI-WAREHOUSE - Any structure designed, built or used as individual compartments for five or more occupants on a lease or rental basis for the purpose of storage of any item for a period of more than forty-eight hours.
      (88)   MOBILE HOME - A manufactured relocatable vehicle, other than a motor vehicle, designed or equipped for human residential habitation and for being drawn by a motor vehicle.
      (89)   MOBILE HOME LOT - A parcel of land in a mobile home park rented and used exclusively by the occupants of the mobile home located on that lot.
      (90)   MOBILE HOME PARK - A contiguous area or tract of land of at least sixteen acres under single ownership which has been planned and improved for the placement of mobile homes for nontransient residential use.
      (91)   MOBILE HOME STAND - The part of a mobile home lot reserved for the placement of a mobile home.
      (92)   MOBILE OFFICE - A vehicle other than a motor vehicle designed or used as an office for industrial, professional or commercial purposes, and designed to be drawn by a motor vehicle.
      (93)   MOTEL - A building or group of buildings or units attached, semi-attached or detached, designed to serve as temporary sleeping quarters for transient persons, whether known as a motel, auto court, tourist court or bungalow court, excluding an adult motel, as defined in section 16-336(A)(5).
      (94)   MOTION PICTURE THEATER - An establishment containing two or fewer screens where films, motion pictures, video cassettes, slides or similar photographic reproductions are regularly shown for any form of consideration.
      (95)   MOTOR VEHICLE - A device by which any person or property may be propelled, moved, or drawn upon a public street, excepting a device moved by human power.
      (96)   MULTI-FAMILY DWELLING - A building containing two or more dwelling units.
      (97)   MULTIPLEX MOTION PICTURE THEATER - An establishment containing three or more screens where films, motion pictures, video cassettes, slides or similar photographic reproductions are regularly shown for any form of consideration.
      (98)   NEIGHBORHOOD COMMERCIAL - Stores and businesses located in a shopping center of less than ten acres and designed to serve a local neighborhood rather than several neighborhoods.
      (99)   NONACCESSORY SIGN - A sign which advertises products, services or other uses not associated with any use established on the premises on which such sign is located, also known as an off-premise sign and including, but not restricted to, billboards and outdoor advertising structures.
      (100)   NONCONFORMING - Buildings or uses which become not permitted or not in compliance with zoning regulations by reason of changes in the zoning regulations or land use zone classification of the property on which such building or uses are located.
      (101)   OCCUPIED AREA - That area of an individual mobile home lot which has been covered by a mobile home and its accessory structures.
      (102)   PARKING SPACE - A rectangular space, clearly delineated on the ground or pavement, of dimensions required elsewhere in this chapter, to be used for the parking or stopping of motor vehicles.
      (103)   PARKING STRUCTURE - A structure used for the parking of vehicles where parking is accommodated on two or more levels.
      (104)   PATIO - A deck or paved area not extending above the first floor level of a building and open to the sky.
      (105)   PATIO SHELTER - A covered shelter for semi-outdoor recreational activities, which is enclosed on no more than two sides, whether or not the remaining two sides are partially enclosed by a low wall, supporting structural members, lattice work, louvers, screens and the like.
      (106)   PAWNSHOP - An establishment that engages in the business of loaning money on the security of pledges of personal property, and purchasing and selling personal property.
      (107)   PERGOLA - An open-work structure or lattice having at least fifty percent of its roof open to the sky.
      (108)   PERMANENT STORAGE - The storage of any item of personal property for a period of more than forty-eight hours.
      (109)   PERMANENT STRUCTURE - Any object having a solid foundation or fixed location on the ground.
      (110)   PRIMARY DWELLING UNIT - The main residential structure containing one dwelling unit located on a single-family lot.
      (111)   PRIVATE SCHOOL - An accredited private school or college providing academic or trade education.
      (112)   PRIVATE STREET - A privately owned vehicular right-of-way used as access by two or more lots which do not have frontage on a public street.
      (113)   PRODUCT ASSEMBLY PLANT - Production facilities primarily engaged in final or partial assembling or packaging of premanufactured, treated, or fabricated components, materials or products.
      (114)   PUBLIC CAMPGROUND - A public area wherein major recreational equipment may be placed as temporary dwellings.
      (115)   PUBLIC PARKING LOT - A parking lot for motor vehicles created to serve the public either as a separate business or as an accessory use to a business, whether owned by a governmental agency or by a private person or business.
      (116)   QUARRY - Any premises or site from which rock, sand, gravel, stone, earth, soil or any other mineral is removed or excavated for the purpose of sale, excluding the necessary grading or excavating of a building site under a valid building permit.
      (117)   REAR LOT LINE - The lot line most nearly parallel to the front lot line and dividing the lot from an alley or adjoining lot; provided, however, that the planning commission shall designate the rear lot line for through lots.
      (118)   REAR YARD - The yard measured the full width of the lot, lying between the rear lot line and the nearest portion of the main building.
      (119)   RECREATION COMMERCIAL - Indoor or outdoor sport, game, or recreational activity which may occur within a building or as outdoor activities, including but not limited to arenas, stadiums, rinks, golf courses, ranges, auditoriums, or theaters.
      (120)   REQUIRED YARD - The yard area required by this chapter.
      (121)   RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT - Facilities or establishments primarily performing research or development of industrial or scientific products.
      (122)   RESIDENTIAL CARE FACILITY FOR THE ELDERLY - A housing arrangement of residents at least sixty years of age, where personal care and supervision are provided, as defined in Cal. Health and Safety Code, Section 1569.2.
      (123)   REVERSED CORNER LOT - A corner lot whose rear lot line abuts the side lot line of an adjoining lot.
      (124)   SCRAP METAL PROCESSING FACILITY - Any property which is maintained, used, or operated for storing, keeping, buying or selling wrecked, scrapped, ruined, abandoned or dismantled motor vehicles or motor vehicle parts.
      (125)   SENIOR AND/OR SENIOR ASSISTED LIVING RESIDENTIAL FACILITY - A state-licensed residential facility with seven or more residents that provides a range of community dining and/or recreation areas integrated with individual apartment units that may have individual cooking facilities; that provides at least one non-medical and/or medical support service to residents such as housekeeping, laundry, media room facility, library, hair care, recreation, and transportation services; that is restricted to qualifying residents or senior citizens as those terms are defined in Cal. Civil Code, Section 51.11; that may include a secure area(s) for residents with limited memory or cognitive abilities and/or limited physical mobility; and that is subject to the regulations for Planned Residential Groups set forth in sections 16-445 and 16-446 of this code.
      (126)   SIDE LOT LINE - All other lot lines that are not front or rear lot lines.
      (127)   SIDE STREET - A street providing secondary frontage to a lot, and having an angle between forty-five to one hundred and forty degrees at its intersection with the street providing principal frontage for the lot in question.
      (128)   SIDE YARD - The yard lying between the side lot line and the closest portion of the main building and between the front and rear yards.
      (129)   SINGLE-FAMILY DWELLING - A building containing one dwelling unit whether built as a detached building or as an attached townhouse type of unit that does not involve common ownership or adjacent parcels of real property. The definition of single family dwelling does not include farmworker employee housing, but shall including farmworker employee housing projects with six or fewer residents as allowed by state law.
      (130)   SMALL RESIDENTIAL HEALTH OR CARE FACILITY - A facility licensed, authorized or certified by the State that provides nonmedical health or care services to six or fewer persons (except as otherwise provided herein), which State statutes identify as a residential use of property subject only to standards and restrictions applicable to other dwellings of the same type in the same zone, including but not limited to: a congregate living facility, as defined in Cal. Health and Safety Code, Section 1250, having no more than six beds; an intermediate care facility/developmentally disabled habilitative, as defined in Cal. Health and Safety Code, Section 1250, serving no more than six persons; an intermediate care facility/developmentally disabled-nursing, as defined in Cal. Health and Safety Code, Section 1250, having no more than six beds; a state-licensed residential care facility, as defined in Cal. Health and Safety Code, Section 1568.01, serving no more than six persons; a small family day care home serving no more than eight children, as defined in Cal. Health and Safety Code, Section 1596.78; a pediatric day health and respite care facility, as defined in Cal. Health and Safety Code, Section 1760.2, having no more than six beds; an alcoholism or drug abuse recovery or treatment facility, as defined in Cal. Health and Safety Code, Section 11834.02, serving no more than six persons; and a state authorized, certified or licensed family care home, foster home or group home providing care on a twenty-four hour a day basis to six or fewer mentally disordered or otherwise handicapped persons or dependent and neglected children, as referred to in Cal. Welfare and Institutions Code, Section 5116.
      (131)   STORY - That portion of a building included between the upper surface of any floor and the upper surface of the floor next above, except that the topmost story shall be that portion of a building included between the upper surface of the topmost floor and the ceiling or roof above; also, if the finished floor level directly above a basement, cellar or unused underfloor space is more than six feet above grade as defined herein for more than fifty percent of the total perimeter or is more than twelve feet above grade as defined herein at any point, such basement, cellar or unused underfloor space shall be considered as a story.
      (132)   STREET - Land dedicated to or owned by a city, county, or state and designated as a public right-of-way, but not including an alley as defined herein.
      (133)   STRUCTURAL ALTERATIONS - Any change to a bearing wall, column, beam, joist, roof, rafter or other supporting member of a building or structure.
      (134)   STRUCTURE - A man-made object other than ornamental statuary, having a permanent location on the ground, and more than six inches above the finished grade.
      (135)   SUBTERRANEAN GARAGE - Any enclosed motor vehicle storage area of which any portion extends below the average grade of the project site.
      (136)   SUPPORTIVE HOUSING - Housing with no limit on length of stay, that is occupied by the target population, and that is linked to onsite or offsite services that assist the supportive housing resident in retaining the housing, improving his or her health status, and maximizing his or her ability to live and. when possible, work in the community. Such housing shall be considered a residential use of the property and shall be subject only to those restrictions that apply to other residential dwellings of the same type and in the same zone.
      (137)   SWAP MEET - Any indoor or outdoor facility containing multiple tenant spaces, stalls or booths from which new or used merchandise, crafts, or food are sold, exchanged or bought by separate vendors. An admission fee may or may not be charged. Any facility bearing the name of, or otherwise being promoted as a swap meet or flea market, shall constitute a swap meet for purposes of this chapter.
      (138)   TANDEM PARKING SPACE - A parking space located immediately behind or in front of a second parking space, such that vehicular access to that second space can be made only through the abutting space. Tandem parking accommodates two or more vehicles.
      (139)   THEATER - A motion picture theater or an establishment regularly featuring live performance of dramatic productions for any form of consideration.
      (140)   THRIFT STORE or SECONDHAND STORE - A retail business that engages or specializes in the sale of previously owned, secondhand or used merchandise, in which the area devoted to such merchandise is larger than twenty-five percent of the total floor area devoted to retail sales; provided, however, that this definition does not include antique shops or specialty retail stores that sell only one type of used merchandise, including but not limited to used record stores, used bookstores, used furniture stores, and sports trading card stores.
      (141)   THROUGH LOT - An interior lot whose front and rear lot lines both abut public streets.
      (142)   TIMESHARE - Dwelling units or commercial transient quarters (such as hotel or motel rooms) divided for purposes of marketing and sale into at least twelve annual time segments of not less than one week or more than thirty days during which the units or quarters may be occupied, with the annual right of occupancy extended over a specified period of time.
      (143)   TOWNHOUSE - A single-family dwelling unit attached to one or more other single-family dwelling units with each dwelling unit occupying a separate lot.
      (144)   TOWNHOUSE CONDOMINIUM - A townhouse, having associated with it an undivided interest in common in a parcel of real property that is contiguous with the townhouse lots.
      (145)   TRADITIONAL BED AND BREAKFAST - An establishment which contains no more than two guest bedrooms each of which is available for rent to the general public for up to twenty-nine consecutive days.
      (146)   TRAILER - A vehicle designed to be towed behind an automobile or truck.
      (147)   TRAILER PARK - Any area where one or more mobile homes are located.
      (148)   TRANSIENT - A tourist or other person abiding in the city for a short period of time.
      (149)   TRANSITIONAL HOUSING - Five or more dwelling unit(s) used as rental housing but operated under program requirements that call for the termination of assistance and recirculation of the assisted unit to another eligible program recipient. Supportive services arc provided to facilitate the movement of homeless individuals and their families to permanent housing. An eligible person(s) may live in the dwelling for up to two years, pursuant to Cal. Health and Safety Code, Sections 50675.2(h) and 50801(i). Some units may be designated for transition in place, where person(s) may stay in the unit for more than two years. Such housing shall be considered a residential use of the property and shall be subject only to those restrictions that apply to other residential dwellings of the same type and in the same /one.
      (150)   USE - Utilization of property or buildings for a specific purpose.
      (151)   USE AREA - An open or yard area, uncovered by building or structures, used as the main use or accessory use of a lot or parcel.
      (152)   USED CAR JUNK AREAS - Any property which is maintained, used, or operated for storing, keeping, buying, or selling wrecked, scrapped, ruined, abandoned or dismantled motor vehicles or motor vehicle parts.
      (153)   VEHICLE - Automobile or two-axled truck, customarily used for private transportation, including self-propelled motor homes, recreational and off-road vehicles, utility and travel trailers, and boats and boat trailers.
      (154)   WORK/LIVE - A business establishment, part of which may be used as an accessory dwelling unit by the business operator or employee.
      (155)   YARD - An open area on a private lot or parcel, unobstructed by buildings or structures from the ground to the sky, except by encroachments permitted in this chapter.
      (156)   YARD AREA - The area of yard on a given lot expressed in numbers of square feet.
   (B)   These definitions are to be used throughout this chapter unless expressly otherwise provided.
(`64 Code, Sec. 34-3)  (Ord. No. 617, 725, 893, 958, 1039, 1049, 1099, 1115, 1116, 1131, 1150, 1217, 1233, 1294, 1409, 1424, 1477, 1504, 1555, 1564, 1629, 1632, 1705, 1827, 1829, 1894, 1959, 1967, 2021, 2026, 2130, 2132, 2165, 2313, 2335, 2347, 2466, 2561, 2626, 2671, 2713, 2727, 2847, 2864, 2890, 2896; 2914, 2925, 2928, 2929, 2959, 2961)
ARTICLE III.  ZONES, USES AND REQUIREMENTS
DIVISION 1.  GENERALLY
SEC. 16-15.  ZONES ESTABLISHED.
   (A)   Classes of zones in the city shall be established as follows:
      (1)   R-1, Single-family zone;
      (2)   R-2, Multiple-family zone;
      (3)   MH-PD, Mobile home planned development zone;
      (4)   R-3, Garden apartment zone;
      (5)   R-4, High rise residential zone;
      (6)   C-O, Commercial office zone;
      (7)   C-1, Neighborhood shopping center zone;
      (8)   C-2, General commercial zone;
      (9)   CBD, Central business district;
      (10)   C-M, Commercial and light manufacturing zone;
      (11)   BRP, Business and research park zone;
      (12)   M-L, Limited manufacturing zone;
      (13)   M-1, Light manufacturing zone;
      (14)   M-2, Heavy manufacturing zone;
      (15)   C-R, Community reserve zone;
      (16)   P-D, Planned development (additive) zone;
      (17)   Lot size additive zone; and
      (18)   Airport hazard overlay zone.
   (B)   These zones shall classify, regulate, restrict and segregate the uses of property and buildings, regulate the area of yards and other open spaces about buildings, and regulate the density of population.
(`64 Code, Sec. 34-30)  (Ord. No. 442, 617, 725, 789, 1503)
SEC. 16-16.  BOUNDARIES OF ZONES SHOWN ON ZONING MAP INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE.
   The boundaries of the zones described in section 16-15 for property within the city are hereby established as set forth on those maps, consisting of a sector index and sector maps, entitled “Zoning Maps of the City of Oxnard,” dated October 2, 1962, and as revised, amended and added to from time to time as provided by this chapter and the statutes of the State, copies of which maps are on file in the city clerk's office and the director's office.  Such maps and all the notations, references and other information shown thereon shall be as much a part of this chapter as if the matters and information set forth by such maps were all fully described herein.
(`64 Code, Sec. 34-31)  (Ord. No. 789, 798)
SEC. 16-17.  RULES FOR ZONES WHERE BOUNDARIES UNCERTAIN.
   Where uncertainty exists as to the boundaries of any zone shown on the zoning map, the following rules shall apply:
   (A)   Where such boundaries are indicated as approximately following street and alley lines or lot lines, such lines shall be construed to be such boundaries.
   (B)   In the case of unsubdivided property and where a zone boundary divides a lot, the locations of such boundaries, unless the same are indicated by dimensions, shall be determined by use of the scale appearing on such zoning map.
   (C)   Where a public street or alley or any private right-of-way or easement of any railroad, railway, canal, transportation or public utility company, is vacated or abandoned, the zoning regulations applicable to abutting property shall apply to such vacated or abandoned street, alley or property.
   (D)   All property in the city not otherwise classified, and all property hereinafter annexed and not zoned upon annexation, is hereby classified as R-1, excepting property developed as school sites, which shall be classified as R-2.
(`64 Code, Sec. 34-32)  (Ord. No. 789)
SEC. 16-18.  USAGE LIMITED TO PROPER ZONE.
   No building shall be erected, reconstructed or structurally altered, nor shall any building or property be used for any purpose other than is permitted in the zone in which such building or property is located. 
(`64 Code, Sec. 34-4)  (Ord. No. 976, 1409, 1623, 1843)
DIVISION 2.  R-1 SINGLE-FAMILY ZONE
SEC. 16-20.  PURPOSE.
   This zone shall provide a district of low density, single-family dwellings, with selected related uses by special use permit, and second dwelling units subject to certain conditions.
(`64 Code, Sec. 34-36)  (Ord. No. 893, 1019, 2026)
SEC. 16-21.  USES PERMITTED.
   (A)   The following provisions shall apply in the R-1 single-family zone.
   (B)   Only the following uses are permitted in this zone:
      (1)   Accessory buildings, including other uses customarily incidental to a permitted use.
      (2)   Adult day care facilities serving no more than six adults.
      (3)   Babysitting.
      (4)   Child care centers serving no more than six children.
      (5)   Congregate living health facilities of no more than six beds.
      (6)   Farmworker housing.
      (7)   Grounds, private greenhouses and horticultural collections, flower and vegetable gardens and fruit trees, not grown expressly for profit.
      (8)   Large family day care homes that the Planning Manager finds to comply with the standards set out in section 16-440.
      (9)   Manufactured housing consisting of single-family dwellings constructed by modular manufactured methods or mobile homes certified under the National Mobile Homes Construction and Safety Standards Act of 1974, provided such homes are of a permanent character secured to a permanent foundation.
      (10)   Off-street parking, as provided in article X of this chapter.
      (11)   Residential care facilities for the elderly serving no more than six persons.
      (12)   Accessory dwelling units, provided that the standards in Division 13 of Article V of Chapter 16 of the Municipal Code (starting at section 16-465) are met and an application for such a unit is approved by the director.
      (13)   Signs, as provided in article IX of this chapter.
      (14)   Single-family dwelling - Conventionally built single-family dwellings of a permanent character.  Separate servants’ quarters may be established in connection with single-family dwellings of nine rooms or larger, exclusive of bathrooms, when such dwellings are located on lots of not less than 10,000 square feet.
      (15)   Small residential health or care facilities that conform to city ordinances restricting building heights, setbacks, lot dimensions, placement of signs and other matters applicable to dwellings of the same type in the same zone, and that provide services to no more than six persons, or to no more than eight children in the case of a small family day care home.
      (16)   Storage, incidental to permitted uses, provided such storage is contained within an accessory building.
      (17)   Supportive housing.
      (18)   Traditional bed and breakfast for which a development review permit is approved by the director.
(`64 Code, Sec. 34-36.1)  (Ord. No. 893, 1019, 1115, 1126, 1131, 1217, 1629, 1789, 1878, 2026, 2165, 2671, 2713, 2864; 2914)
SEC. 16-22.  RELATED USES.
   The following uses are permitted only on approval of a special use permit  as provided in sections 16-530 to 16-553:
   (A)   Churches;
   (B)   Swim clubs, tennis clubs, golf courses and similar uses incidental to a residential tract or development;
   (C)   Public utility structures; and
   (D)   Townhouse condominiums as provided in section 16-395; and
   (E)   Congregate living health facilities of seven to 15 beds.
(`64 Code, Sec. 34-36.2)  (Ord. No. 1019, 1629, 1706, 1789, 2671)
SEC. 16-23.  ARCHITECTURAL STANDARDS.
   (A)   The following exterior architectural standards shall apply to all single-family dwellings including mobile homes located in an R-1 zone:
      (1)   Exterior siding shall be made of nonreflective and nonmetallic materials. Acceptable siding material includes wood, stucco, ceramic tile, brick, stone, or other masonry materials, or any combination of these materials.
      (2)   Color/texture of exterior materials shall be compatible with the adjacent single-family structures.
      (3)   Roof structures, except for authorized deck areas, shall be sloped and provide an eave projection of no less than 6 inches and no greater than 30 inches.
      (4)   Roofing material shall consist of one of the following: wood shingle, wood shake, synthetic, composite shingle, ceramic tile, or concrete tile, except  metallic roofing surfaces shall not be permitted on the residential structure or on any garage or carport.
   (B)   (1)   A finding that a proposed residential structure complies with the foregoing architectural standards shall be made as part of  the special use permit or planned development permit.
      (2)   If the proposed structure does not entail a special use permit or planned development permit, the director shall make a finding of compliance.
(`64 Code, Sec. 34-36.3)  (Ord. No. 1373)
SEC. 16-24.  MINIMUM DWELLING SIZE.
   Every single-family dwelling located on any lot of 6,000 to 7,000 square feet shall contain at least 1,000 square feet, exclusive of garages, carports, or any accessory building.
(`64 Code, Sec. 34-36.4)  (Ord. No. 1373)
SEC. 16-25.  HEIGHT PERMITTED.
   Two stories shall be permitted but shall not exceed 25 feet.
(`64 Code, Sec. 34-37)  (Ord. No. 893, 1409, 1574)
SEC. 16-26.  MINIMUM LOT AREA.
   Every newly created lot shall have a lot area of not less than 6,000 square feet.
(`64 Code, Sec. 34-38)  (Ord. No. 893, 1409)
SEC. 16-27.  MINIMUM LOT FRONTAGE.
   The frontage measured at the front lot line shall be at least 50 feet.  Frontage for this purpose shall be defined as the linear measurement between the two side property lines at their point of tangency with the curb.
(`64 Code, Sec. 34-38.1)  (Ord. No. 1827)
SEC. 16-28.  MINIMUM LOT WIDTH.
   (A)   Interior lots shall be no less than 60 feet in width.
   (B)   Corner lots shall be no less than 75 feet in width.
(`64 Code, Sec. 34-38.2)  (Ord. No. 1827)
SEC. 16-29.  MINIMUM LOT DEPTH.
   The depth of a lot shall be at least 100 feet.
(`64 Code, Sec. 34-38.3)  (Ord. No. 1827)
SEC. 16-30.  EXCEPTION TO AREA REQUIREMENTS.
   Where a lot has less area than required in section 16-26 and was of record on March 29, 1945, the lot may be occupied by not more than one single-family residence.
(`64 Code, Sec. 34-39)  (Ord. No. 893, 1019)
SEC. 16-31.  FRONT YARD.
   (A)   There shall be a front yard setback of not less than 20 feet; except that houses constructed with garages having a swing driveway, with the entrance facing the side property line, may have a minimum 15-foot setback.  Where standard dwellings within any block vary from the required setback, the average setback of such standard dwellings shall determine the required setback within that block if the standard dwellings comprise at least 60% of the block.
   (B)   In calculating the average setback, houses on reverse corner lots and houses wholly on the rear half of the lot shall not be counted.  In no case shall setbacks of less than 15 feet be allowed, or setbacks of more than 60 feet be required.
   (C)   There shall be a distance of not less than 20 feet, measured at the center line of the driveway, between the garage door and the front property line.
(`64 Code, Sec. 34-40)  (Ord. No. 893, 946, 1019, 1409, 1611)
SEC. 16-32.  SIDE YARD.
   (A)   On interior lots there shall be a side yard on each side of a building of not less than 10% of the width of the lot; provided that such side yard shall not be less than three feet and need not exceed five feet in width.
   (B)   On corner lots the side yard regulation shall be the same as for the interior lots except in the case of a reversed corner lot.  In the case of a reversed corner lot, there shall be a side yard on the street side of the corner lot of not less than 50% of the front yard required on the lots in the rear of such corner lot, and no accessory building on the corner lot shall project beyond the front yard line on the lots in the rear; provided further that this regulation shall not be so interpreted as to reduce the buildable width (after providing the required interior side yard) of a reversed corner lot of record on March 29, 1945, to less than 28 feet, nor to prohibit the erection of an accessory building where this regulation cannot reasonably be complied with.
(`64 Code, Sec. 34-41)  (Ord. No. 893, 1019)
SEC. 16-33.  REAR YARD.
   (A)   There shall be a rear yard of not less than 25% of the depth of the lot; provided, such rear yard need not exceed 25 feet.
   (B)   Single-story and two-story additions projecting into the required rear yard may be made if attached to existing single-family dwellings provided such additions maintain a minimum 15-foot setback from the rear property line for those lots not abutting an alley; and for those lots having rear property lines that abut a street, alley or parking space maintained by the public and more than 20 feet wide, the addition shall maintain a 15-foot setback from the center line of the street, alley or open space and in no case less than five feet from the rear property line.
(`64 Code, Sec. 34-42)  (Ord. No. 893, 1409, 1611)
SEC. 16-34.  INTERIOR YARD SPACE.
   Interior yard space shall be provided on each lot equal to at least 15% of the lot area, or 900 square feet, whichever is less, and shall be completely open from ground to sky except for a patio, pergola, or a roof or balcony overhang not exceeding 30 inches.  Interior yard space may include all of that open area from the required front yard setback line to the rear property line which has a minimum dimension of 10 feet by 15 feet.
(`64 Code, Sec. 34-42.1)  (Ord. No. 893, 1019, 1777, 1611)
SEC. 16-35.  SPACE ACCESSORY BUILDINGS MAY OCCUPY.
   An accessory building is permitted if the accessory building is not more than one story in height and maintains the same required front, rear and side yard setback as the main building.
(`64 Code, Sec. 34-42.2)  (Ord. No. 1409, 1611)
DIVISION 3.  R-2 MULTIPLE-FAMILY ZONE