14B-10-1010  Doors, gates and turnstiles.
The provisions of Section 1010 of IBC are adopted by reference with the following modifications:
1.   Revise exception 1 to Section 1010.1.1 to read:
“1.   Within Group R-2, R-3 and R-5 dwelling and sleeping units that are not required to be an Accessible unit, Type A unit or Type B unit, the minimum clear opening width of an exit access doorway, other than the primary entrance to the unit, shall be 28 inches (711 mm), and the minimum and maximum width shall not apply to door openings that are not part of the required means of egress.
2.   Delete exception 8 to Section 1010.1.1.
3.   Revise exceptions 11 and 12 to Section 1010.1.1 to read:
“11.   The minimum clear opening width shall not apply to doors for shower or sauna compartments not required to be accessible.
12.   The minimum clear opening width shall not apply to the doors for toilet stalls not required to be accessible.”
4.   Revise exception 4 to Section 1010.1.2 to read:
“4.   Doors within or serving a single dwelling unit in Groups R-2, R-3 and R-5.”
5.   Delete exceptions 6 and 8 to Section 1010.1.2.
6.   Revise exception 9 to Section 1010.1.2 by replacing “Group H” with “Groups E and H.”
7.   Revise Section 1010.1.3 to read:
1010.1.3 Door opening force.
The force for pushing or pulling open interior swinging egress doors, other than fire doors, shall not exceed 5 pounds (22 N). The force for pushing or pulling open exterior hinged doors and gates shall not exceed 8.5 pounds (38 N). These forces do not apply to the force required to retract latch bolts or disengage other devices that hold the door in a closed position. For other swinging doors, as well as sliding and folding doors, the door latch shall release when subjected to a 15-pound (67 N) force. The door shall be set in motion when subjected to a 30-pound (133 N) force. The door shall swing to a full-open position when subjected to a 15-pound (67 N) force.
Exceptions:
1.   Group R-5.
2.   Within Type B units.
3.   Within or serving only dwelling units that are not required to be Type B units.”
8.   Revise the exception to Section 1010.1.4.1.2, item 4, by replacing "in an approved location and clearly identified" with "within sight of the revolving door."
9.   Delete Section 1010.1.4.3.
10.   Delete Section 1010.1.4.4.1.
11.   Revise exception 1 to Section 1010.1.5, exclusive of subparts, to read:
“1.   Doors serving individual dwelling units in Groups R-2, R-3 and R-5 occupancies where the following apply:”
12.   Revise exception 3 to Section 1010.1.5 to read:
“3.   In Group R-2, R-3 and R-5 occupancies not required to be Accessible units, Type A units or Type B units, the landing at an exterior doorway shall be not more than 8 inches (203 mm) below the top of the threshold, provided the door, other than an exterior storm or screen door, does not swing over the landing.”
13.   Revise exception 5 to Section 1010.1.5 to read:
“5.   Exterior decks, patios or exterior balconies that are part of Type B dwelling units, have impervious surfaces and that are not more than 4 inches (102 mm) below the finished floor level of the adjacent interior space of the dwelling unit.”
14.   Revise Section 1010.1.6 to read:
1010.1.6 Landings at doors.
Landings shall have a width not less than the width of the stairway or the door, whichever is greater. Doors in the fully open position shall not reduce a required dimension by more than one-quarter its required width. Landings shall have a length measured in the direction of travel of not less than 44 inches (1118 mm).
Exception: Landing length in the direction of travel in Groups R-3, R-5 and U and within individual units of Group R-2 need not exceed 36 inches (914 mm).”
15.   Revise the exceptions to Section 1010.1.7 to read:
Exceptions:
1.   In occupancy Group R-2, R-3 or R-5, threshold heights for sliding and side-hinged exterior doors shall be permitted to be up to 8 inches (203 mm) in height if all of the following apply:
1.1.   [Reserved.]
1.2.   The door is not part of an accessible route as required by Chapter 11.
1.3.   The door is not part of an Accessible unit, Type A unit or Type B unit.
2.   In Type B units, where Exception 5 to Section 1010.1.5 permits a 4-inch (102 mm) elevation change at the door, the threshold height on the exterior side of the door shall not exceed 4 3/4 inches (120 mm) in height above the exterior deck, patio or exterior balcony for sliding doors or 4 1/2 inches (114 mm) above the exterior deck, patio or exterior balcony for other doors.
16.   Revise the exceptions to Section 1010.1.8 to read:
Exceptions:
1.   The minimum distance between horizontal sliding power-operated doors in a series shall be 48 inches (1219 mm).
2.   Storm and screen doors serving individual dwelling units in Groups R-2, R-3 and R-5 need not be spaced 48 inches (1219 mm) from the other door.
3.   Doors within individual dwelling units in Groups R-2, R-3 and R-5 other than within Accessible units and Type A units.”
17.   Revise Section 1010.1.9.4 to read:
1010.1.9.4 Locks and latches.
Locks and latches shall be permitted to prevent operation of doors where any of the following exist:
1.   Places of detention or restraint.
2.   Where approved by the fire code official, in buildings in occupancy Group A having an occupant load of 300 or less, Groups B, F, M and S, and in places of religious worship, the main door or doors are permitted to be equipped with key-operated locking devices from the egress side provided:
2.1.   The locking device is readily distinguishable as locked.
2.2.   A readily visible durable sign is posted on the egress side on or adjacent to the door stating: THIS DOOR TO REMAIN UNLOCKED WHEN THIS SPACE IS OCCUPIED. The sign shall be in letters 1 inch (25 mm) high on a contrasting background.
2.3.   The use of the key-operated locking device is revocable by the fire code official for due cause.
3.   Where egress doors are used in pairs, automatic flush bolts shall be permitted to be used, provided that the door leaf having the automatic flush bolts does not have a doorknob or surface-mounted hardware.
4.   Doors from individual dwelling or sleeping units of Group R occupancies having an occupant load of 10 or less are permitted to be equipped with a night latch, dead bolt or security chain, provided such devices are openable from the inside without the use of a key, tool or special knowledge.
5.   Fire doors after the minimum elevated temperature has disabled the unlatching mechanism in accordance with listed fire door test procedures.
6.   Doors serving roofs not intended to be occupied shall be permitted to be locked preventing entry to the building from the roof.”
18.   Delete exception 3 to Section 1010.1.9.5.
19.   Revise exception 4 to Section 1010.1.9.5 to read:
“4.   Where a pair of doors serves a Group B, F or S occupancy, manually operated edge- or surface-mounted bolts are permitted on the inactive leaf provided that such inactive leaf is not needed to meet egress capacity requirements. The inactive leaf shall not contain doorknobs, panic bars or similar operating hardware.”
20.   Revise item 5 in Section 1010.1.9.7 to read:
“5.   The procedures for unlocking the doors shall be described and accepted as part of the emergency planning and preparedness required by the Chicago Fire Prevention Code.”
21.   Revise items 3 and 4 (including the exception) in Section 1010.1.9.8.1 to read:
“3.   The delayed egress locking system shall have the capability of being deactivated at the fire command panel. Nothing in this section shall prohibit installation of deactivation means at additional locations.
4.   An attempt to egress shall initiate an irreversible process that shall allow such egress not more than 15 seconds after pressure is applied to the egress-side door hardware for not more than 1 second. Initiation of the irreversible process shall activate an audible signal in the vicinity of the door. Once the delay electronics have been deactivated, rearming the delay electronics shall be by manual means only. The time delay shall not be field adjustable.”
22.   Delete item 6.2 in Section 1010.1.9.8.1.
23.   Add new item 9 in Section 1010.1.9.8.1 to read:
“9.   The door must swing in the direction of egress travel.”
24.   Revise Section 1010.1.9.11 by replacing “an approved” with “a.”
Revise exceptions 3 through 5 to Section 1010.1.9.12 to read:
“3.   In interior exit stairways serving more than 4 stories, exit doors are permitted to be locked from the side opposite the egress side, provided that they are openable from the egress side and capable of being unlocked simultaneously without unlatching both automatically, by smoke detectors or waterflow devices, and manually, upon a signal from the fire command panel, if present, or a signal by building management or emergency personnel from a single location inside the main entrance to the building. A telephone or other two-way communication system connected to a constantly monitored location shall be provided in the exit stairway at not less than every fifth story.
4.   In interior exit stairways serving 4 or fewer stories in other than Group A, E, H, and I occupancies, exit doors are permitted to be locked from the side opposite the egress side.
5.   Stairway exit doors shall be openable from the egress side and shall only be locked from the opposite side in Group R-2 or R-5 occupancies where the only interior access to the dwelling unit is from a single interior exit stairway.”
25.   Revise the exception to Section 1010.2 to read:
Exception: Horizontal sliding or swinging gates exceeding the 4-foot (1219 mm) maximum leaf width limitation are permitted in exterior fences and walls.”
26.   Insert a new Section 1010.2.2 to read:
1010.2.2 Residential buildings.
Exterior gates which are part of the exit discharge for a Group R-2, R-3, R-4 or R-5 occupancy shall conform to the applicable requirements of this section.
1010.2.2.1 Small residential buildings.
On a lot containing buildings with not more than 4 stories above grade plane and not more than 4 dwelling units or sleeping units, an exterior gate is allowed to require a key or special tool to operate in either or both directions.
1010.2.2.2 Large residential buildings.
On a lot containing buildings with 5 or more stories above grade plane or containing 5 or more dwelling units or sleeping units, an exterior gate shall not require a key or special tool to operate in the direction of egress.”
27.   Revise Section 1010.3.2 by replacing “an approved” with “a.”
(Amend Coun. J. 2-19-20, p. 14473, Art. II, § 44)