(A)   Intent. The B-3: Outdoor Business Districts are established to provide areas for those retail sales and service establishments which are characterized by outdoor display or sales of merchandise (automobile sales or rental), outdoor activities (commercial recreational enterprises) or those uses requiring extensive land areas (lumber yards, “big box” retail establishments). These types of uses tend to draw customers from a regional, rather than local, area. This district should be located on a primary arterial street or similar heavy commercial thoroughfare and should avoid being located adjacent to R districts.
   (B)   Permitted uses.
      (1)   Primary uses.
         (a)   Any use permitted in the B-2 District;
         (b)   Professional services: veterinary clinic/hospital (indoor or outdoor boarding or runs);
         (c)   Automotive:
            1.   Automobile, truck or bus sales or service;
            2.   Automobile, truck or bus rental;
            3.   Automobile repair-major;
            4.   Automobile parts sales (new or used);
            5.   RV and camper sales or service;
            6.   Auto service center; and
            7.   Boat sales.
         (d)   Recreation:
            1.   Indoor or outdoor commercial;
            2.   Recreational enterprise, including, miniature golf, skating rink-ice or roller;
            3.   Tennis/racquet club; and
            4.   Theater.
         (e)   Food and sales service:
            1.   Farmers market; and
            2.   Roadside food sales stand.
         (f)   Retail:
            1.   Lumber yard; and
            2.   Satellite dish sales or service.
         (g)   Miscellaneous:
            1.   Self-storage (mini-) warehouses; and
            2.   Tool or equipment rental.
      (2)   Special exception uses.
         (a)   Communication/utilities:
            1.   Public utility substation; and
            2.   Public wells.
         (b)   Miscellaneous:
            1.   Contractor, any type; and
            2.   Manufactured home sales.
         (c)   Recreation: arcade; and
         (d)   Public facilities: neighborhood recycling collection point.
      (3)   Accessory uses. See § 194.095 of this chapter.
      (4)   Temporary uses. See § 194.096 of this chapter.
   (C)   Development standards.
      (1)   Water and sanitary system requirements. Attachments to public water and sanitary sewer facilities shall be mandatory for development in this district.
      (2)   Minimum lot width and frontage. Each lot or integrated center shall have a minimum lot width and frontage on a public street if 50 feet.
      (3)   Yards and setbacks.
         (a)   Front:
            1.   A minimum front yard and building setback measured from the proposed right-of-way shall be provided as follows:
Street Classification
Front Yard
Front Bufferyard
Limited access street
30 feet
30 feet
Any other street
10 feet
30 feet
            2.   In the case where a proposed right-of-way line does not exist, as determined by the transportation plan, or where the existing right-of-way is greater, the existing right-of-way line shall be used for the setback measurement.
         (b)   Minimum side and rear yard and setback shall be provided from the lot line as follows:
            1.   Minimum side yard: zero feet;
            2.   Minimum side bufferyard: 40 feet;
            3.   Minimum rear yard: zero feet; and
            4.   Minimum rear bufferyard: 40 feet.
         (c)   Outlots within an integrated center shall provide a minimum yard of five feet along all lot lines in common with other outlots or with the main portion of the integrated center. If any portion of an outlot abuts the perimeter of the integrated center, that portion of the outlot shall be required to comply with the applicable minimum front, side or rear yard requirements set forth above. The main portion of the integrated center shall not be required to provide a minimum yard along the lot line in common with an outlot.
      (4)   Use of minimum yards and bufferyards. All minimum yards and front bufferyards shall be landscaped with grass, trees, shrubbery or hedge, or in combination with other suitable ground cover materials and shall remain free from structures, except where expressly permitted below.
         (a)   Minimum front yards and bufferyards may include driveways and shall be maintained as open space free from buildings or structures in compliance with the requirements set forth in § 194.109 of this chapter.
         (b)   Minimum side and rear bufferyards shall be landscaped with grass and shrubbery, trees or hedge, or in combination with other suitable ground cover materials and maintained in compliance with the requirements set forth in § 194.109 of this chapter.
      (5)   Maximum building height. 45 feet.
      (6)   Off-street parking. See § 194.105 of this chapter.
      (7)   Off-street loading. See § 194.106 of this chapter.
      (8)   Requirements for drive-through, off-street stacking spaces. See § 194.108 of this chapter.
      (9)   Signs. See §§ 194.160 through 194.169 of this chapter.
      (10)   Vision clearance areas. See § 194.021 of this chapter.
      (11)   Landscaping and screening requirements. See § 194.109 of this chapter.
      (12)   Outdoor operations. All uses and operations (except off-street parking, off-street loading and delivery, walk-up customer service windows) shall be conducted completely within enclosed buildings, except where expressly permitted below.
         (a)   Outdoor display and sales areas shall:
            1.   Not be located between a building line and a bufferyard;
            2.   Not be located in any minimum yard or bufferyard, off-street parking area or off-street loading area;
            3.   Be of concrete, asphaltic pavement, brick, flagstone or comparable material maintained in good condition;
            4.   Be provided with bumper or wheel guards along the perimeter of any vehicular display area; and
            5.   Not interfere with walks, parking areas, loading areas, driveways, interior access driveways or interior access drives.
         (b)   Trash container(s) exceeding 36 cubic feet shall:
            1.   Be completely screened on all four sides with a solid-walled or opaque fenced enclosure with gate not less than six feet or greater than eight feet in height above grade;
            2.   Be located behind the established front building line; and
            3.   Not be located within a required yard or bufferyard.
         (c)   Separation from R districts: taverns, package liquor stores, night clubs, convenience stores, fast-food or drive-through restaurants shall not be located within 100 feet, measured in any direction, of an R district. The measurement shall be taken from the exterior of the building (or the tenant bay of the establishment if the use is an integrated center), to the zoning boundary of the R district.
         (d)   Maximum gross floor area: no single use, whether freestanding or contained in an integrated center, shall exceed 60,000 square feet of gross floor area. No integrated center shall exceed 125,000 square feet of total gross floor area.
   (D)   Development plan approval required. All lots in a B-3 District shall be subject to the filing of a development plan for review and approval by the Plan Commission as set forth in §§ 194.125 through 194.128 of this chapter.
      (1)   Architectural design requirements.
         (a)   Design theme. Buildings shall be designed to incorporate the salient features of and be consistent with or complementary to the Zionsville theme, incorporating the architecture, design and overall aesthetic exterior character of a building consistent with the Georgian, Federal, Greek Revival or Victorian architectural styles.
         (b)   Building materials.
            1.   Exposed foundations shall be constructed of one or more of the following:
               a.   Brick in a color historically consistent with the selected architectural style;
               b.   Stone (limestone, granite, fieldstone and the like); and
               c.   Architectural pre-cast concrete, if surface looks like brick or stone.
            2.   Facade walls shall be constructed of any combination of:
               a.   Stone;
               b.   Clapboard siding;
               c.   Brick in a color historically consistent with the selected architectural style;
               d.   Beaded siding; or
               e.   Dryvit. In order to create variation and interest in the built environment, all new buildings or building additions shall use the exterior building materials specified below. In addition, the exterior building material selection shall be supplemented by the use of multiple colors, textures (e.g., rough, smooth, striated and the like) or architectural elements (quions, pilasters, soldier courses, friezes, cornices, dentils and the like) on each facade. Two or three building materials (excluding glass in windows or doors and roofing material) shall be utilized for all facades visible from a street or alley. The primary building material shall be one of the following, and shall constitute a minimum of 60% of the available wall area (exclusive of window and doors) of each applicable facade:
                  i.   Brick;
                  ii.   Stone;
                  iii.   Clapboard; or
                  iv.   Dryvit.
         (c)   Roofs.
            1.   Pitched roofs. Roofs shall be simply and symmetrically pitched and only in configuration of gables and hips, with pitches ranging from 4:12 to 14:12. Pitched roofs shall be clad in wood shingles, slate, composition asphalt shingle or standing-seam metal panels. Shingle or panel color shall be appropriate to the design of the building.
            2.   Shed roofs. Shed roofs are permitted only when the ridge is attached to an exterior wall of a Building, with pitches ranging from 4:12 to 14:12.
            3.   Flat roofs. Flat roofs are permitted when consistent with the selected style of architecture, if edged by a railing or parapet, and if rooftop mechanical equipment is either camouflaged on all sides or visually integrated into the overall design of the building. In no case shall rooftop mechanical equipment be visible from adjoining R districts. All vents, attic ventilators, turbines, flues and other roof penetrations shall be painted to match the color of the roof, or painted flat black. Gutters and downspouts shall be appropriate to or visually integrated with the selected architectural style of the structure. Dormers, belvederes, cupolas and pergolas may be utilized as a design element, so long as they are designed with the details, proportions, style and materials consistent with the selected architectural design of the building.
         (d)   Entrances. The main building or tenant space pedestrian entrances shall be defined and articulated by architectural elements such as lintels, pediments, pilasters, columns and other design elements appropriate to the selected architectural style and details of the building as a whole. The location, orientation, proportion and style of doors shall reflect the chosen style of the building.
         (e)   Windows. All window design shall be compatible with the style, materials, color, details and proportion of the building. The number of panes, the way the window opens, the trim around the window and whether the window is embellished with shutters shall be consistent with the selected architectural style of the building.
         (f)   Storefronts. Storefronts shall be integrally designed with the overall facade character. Ground floor retail, service and restaurant uses may use large pane display windows; provided, however, such windows shall not exceed 75% of the total ground level (first floor) facade area. Buildings with multiple storefronts shall be of unified design, through the use of common building materials, architectural details, signs and lighting consistent with the overall building style. Each individual tenant shall have a primary entrance to the storefront from the exterior of the building.
         (g)   Awnings, canopies. In addition to the provisions of § 194.163 of this chapter, fixed or retractable awnings or canopies are permitted, provided they complement the building’s architectural style, building materials, colors and details; do not conceal architectural features (such as cornices, columns, pilasters or decorative details); do not impair facade composition; and are designed as an integral part of the facade. Metal, plastic or aluminum awnings are prohibited.
      (2)   See § 194.113.
      (3)   Building orientation. Rear building facades shall not face a public street. No loading spaces shall be permitted to face a street.
(Ord. 2000-16, passed 8-28-2000, § 2.22; Ord. 2016-04, passed 4-5-2016)