§ 194.105  URBAN OFF-STREET PARKING REGULATIONS.
   (A)   Parking for buildings, structures or uses. All new development, building additions or conversions of use for which an improvement location permit is required by this chapter shall provide required off-street parking areas in accordance with the following regulations.
   (B)   Existing parking areas. Off-street parking areas shall not be reduced below the minimum requirement for such use as required by this chapter. Any off-street parking areas existing prior to the effective date of this chapter which were already below the standards established by this chapter shall not be further reduced.
   (C)   Location of parking areas. Off-street parking areas shall be located on the same lot, within the same integrated center, or within 300 feet of the building or use served by the off-street parking area. Off-street parking for any use shall be located within a zoning district which permits the use for which the off-street parking is required.
   (D)   Design and construction of parking areas. The following standards shall apply to the design of off-street parking areas required by this chapter in all districts (except for single-family dwellings and agricultural uses located in the O-1 District).
      (1)   Standard parking schemes. The layout of all parking areas shall be in compliance with the requirements set forth in Table 8 below.
      (2)   Surface of parking areas. All required off-street parking areas and the ingress/egress to and from such off-street parking areas shall be hard surfaced with asphalt, concrete or other material to provide a dust-free surface. A gravel surface may be used for a period not to exceed six months after the commencement of the use for which the parking area is provided, where ground or weather conditions are not immediately suitable for permanent surfacing as specified herein.
      (3)   Distance from buildings in business and industrial districts. All parking spaces, parking areas and interior access drives located in any business and industrial district shall maintain a minimum five-foot separation from the wall of a building.
      (4)   Definition of parking spaces. All parking spaces shall be provided with wheel stops or other devices to ensure that motor vehicles do not encroach beyond the parking area or into a required yard.
   (E)   Minimum number of off-street parking spaces. Off-street parking for all uses shall be provided in accordance with the minimum requirements set forth in Table 8 below. When the computation of required parking spaces results in a fraction of one-half or greater, the number of required parking spaces shall be rounded up to the next whole number. Exception: The total number of off-street parking spaces required for any use in and within 600 feet or one parcel, whichever is less, of the VBD District shall be reduced by 50%.
   (F)   Required parking for the disabled. Every parking lot and parking garage available to the public shall have parking spaces reserved for the use of physically handicapped persons according to the following schedule (as required by ADA Accessibility Guidelines for Buildings and Facilities, Ch. 4.1.2(5)(a), published in the Federal Register, Volume 56, No. 144, dated 7-26-1991):
 
Total Parking Spaces Required
Minimum Number of Reserved Spaces
1 - 25
1
26 - 50
2
51 - 75
3
76 - 100
4
101 - 150
5
151 - 200
6
201 - 300
7
301 - 400
8
401 - 500
9
501 - 1,000
2% of the total number of parking spaces
1,011 and over
20, plus 1 for each 100 spaces over 1,000
 
 
Table 8: Parking Lot Design
Angle of Parking Space
Width of Parking Space
Depth of Parking Space
Width of Maneuvering Aisle
61 degrees - 90 degrees
9’-0”
18’-0”
24’-0”
46 degrees - 60 degrees
9’-0”
18’-0”
18’-0”
45 degrees
8’-6”
18’-0”
15’-0”
Parallel
8’-0”
22’-0”
12’-0”
 
 
 
 
Table 9: Required Off-Street Parking
Use Requirement
Minimum Parking
1. Any business, recreational enterprise involving the assembling of persons (unless otherwise specified in this table)
   a. Indoor
1 parking space for each 250 square feet of gross floor area
   b. Outdoor
1 parking space for each 200 square feet of gross floor area, plus 1 parking space for each 600 square feet of site area accessible to the public, exclusive of the parking area
2. Automobile sales
   a. Major
1 parking space for each 500 square feet of gross floor area, plus 1 space for each 7,000 square feet of outdoor display area
   b. Minor
1 parking space for each 1,000 square feet of show room space and 1 space for each service bay
3. Truck, bus, boat, recreational vehicle or recreational vehicle or motorcycle sales or rental
1 parking space for each 500 square feet of gross floor area, plus 1 space for each 7,000 square feet of outdoor display area
4. Banking, savings and loan, credit union
   a. Combined drive-through
1 parking space for each walk-in facility’s 250 square feet of gross floor area
   b. Drive-through facility only
1 parking space for each drive-up bay
   c. Walk-in facility only
1 parking space for each 200 square feet of gross floor area
5. Bowling alleys
4 parking spaces for each alley/lane; if, in addition, there are other uses or accessory uses located within or operated in conjunction with the bowling alley, such as restaurants, night clubs and the like, additional parking spaces, calculated based upon the parking requirements for that specific use, shall be provided (calculation shall be based upon the total square feet of gross leasable floor area for uses located within or operated in conjunction with the bowling alley
6.   a. Religious uses, including church, synagogue or temple
1 parking space for each 4 permanent seats in the sanctuary
   b. Auditorium, assembly halls, recital halls
1 parking space for each 4 seats at maximum capacity calculated pursuant to Fire Code
7. Community centers, museums, CMC clubs and philanthropic institutions
1 parking space for each 400 square feet of gross floor area
8. Convenience store
3.5 parking spaces for each 1,000 square feet of gross floor area; parking spaces at gasoline pumps may be included in the calculation of required parking
9. Day nurseries, child care centers, kindergartens, nursery schools
1 parking space for each 8 pupils based upon maximum capacity
10. Fire station
3 parking spaces for truck bay, plus a minimum of 3 additional parking spaces
11. Furniture/floor or wall covering store
1 parking space for each 400 square feet of gross floor area
12. Gasoline service stations, tire and auto service center, automobile repair, other auto service functions
1 parking space for each 200 square feet of gross floor area devoted to retail sales, plus 2 spaces per service bay, (a service bay shall not be considered a parking space), plus 3 customer spaces
13. Gasoline service station convenience store
Same as (7) Convenience store
14. Grocery, supermarket
1 parking space for each 200 square feet of gross floor area
15. Hardware, paint, home improvement store
1 parking space for each 300 square feet of gross floor area, plus 1 parking space for each 1,000 square feet of the facility devoted to outside operations or storage, exclusive of the parking area
16. Health spa, fitness center
a. 1 parking space for each 200 square feet of gross floor area
 
b. If, in addition, there are other uses or accessory uses located within or operated in conjunction with the health spa or sports club. such as dining areas, restaurants, night clubs, retail stores and the like, additional parking spaces, ca1culated based upon the parking requirements for that specific use, shall be provided (calculation shall be based upon the total square feet of gross leasable floor area for such uses located within or operated in conjunction with the health spa or sports club)
17. Hotels, motels
a. 1 parking space for each rental sleeping unit
 
b. If, in addition to sleeping units, there are other uses or accessory uses located within or operated in conjunction with the hotel or motel, such as ballrooms, meeting rooms, dining areas, retail stores, auditoriums, restaurants, night clubs and the like, additional parking spaces, calculated based upon the parking requirements for that specific use, shall be provided (calculation shall be based upon the total square feet of gross leasable floor area for such uses located within or operated in conjunction with the hotel or motel)
18. Library
1 parking space for each 400 square feet of gross floor area
19. Medical, dental, optometrists, clinics offices
1 parking space for each 200 square feet of gross floor area
20. Mini-warehouses
1 parking space for each 200 square feet of gross floor area devoted to office space, plus 1 parking space per resident/manager, plus 1 parking space for each 30 storage units; required off-street parking spaces shall not be utilized as rental or leased spaces
21. Miniature golf
4 parking spaces for each golf hole, plus 1 space per each 100 square feet devoted to accessory retail or amusement establishments
22. Mortuary, funeral home, crematories
1 parking space for each 50 square feet of floor area in parlors and assembly rooms
23. Nursing care, convalescent home, hospital, sanitariums, rehabilitation centers
1 parking space for each 2 patient beds
24. Office business use, general (to include, but not be limited to, business-professional office, post office-office park, research center offices for an industrial use)
3.5 parking spaces for each 1,000 square feet of gross floor area.
25. Tennis-racquet club
4 parking spaces per game court, plus 1 parking space for each 200 square feet of the remaining gross floor area in the building devoted to office or retail activities
26. Residential
   a. Single-family dwelling (including individual mobile dwellings) and two- family dwellings
2 parking spaces per dwelling unit
   b. Multi-family dwellings
2 parking spaces per dwelling unit for the first 50 dwelling units, plus 1.75 parking spaces for each additional dwelling unit over 50
27. Restaurant
   a. Family (dine in only)
1 parking space per each 3 customer seats (including outdoor seating areas) (minimum of 5 parking spaces required)
   b. Fast food, with or without drive-through
1 parking space per each 5 customer seats (minimum of 5 parking spaces required)
   c. Fast food, drive-through only (no seating)
1 parking space per 100 square feet of gross floor area (minimum of 4 parking spaces required)
28. Taverns and night clubs
1 parking space per each 75 square feet of gross floor area
29. Retail or business uses, individual, freestanding uses: including, but limited to: bakeries; drug stores; beauty and barber shops; liquor stores; laundromats; photo studios; jewelry, gift, appliance and similar stores; personal service shops
3.5 parking spaces for each 1,000 square feet of gross leasable floor area shall be required for any individual, freestanding retail or service business use unless listed separately in this section, in which case the parking requirement noted for that specific use shall be utilized; provided, however, that, in no case shall any individual use provide less than 5 parking spaces
30. Retail or service business uses, integrated centers
a. If the total gross leasable floor area of an integrated center is less than 400,000 square feet, 4 parking spaces for each 1,000 square feet of gross leasable floor area shall be required
 
b. If the total gross leasable floor area of an integrated center is greater than 400,000 square feet, but less than 600,000 square feet, 4.5 parking spaces for each 1,000 square feet of gross leasable floor area shall be required
 
c. If the total gross leasable floor area of an integrated center is greater than 600,000 square feet, 5 parking spaces for each 1,000 square feet of gross leasable floor area shall be required
 
Provided however:
(1) in no case shall any individual use provide less that 5 parking spaces: and,
(2) The following individual uses: grocery store; theaters-motion picture or legitimate, bowling alley; or night club; shall provide parking spaces as required for the individual use by this section and such of the gross leasable area calculation of the integrated center
31. Skating rink (roller rink)
1 parking space for each 200 square feet of gross floor area in the building
32. Schools: business, trade or business
1 parking space for each 100 square feet of gross floor area in the building, or 1 parking space per each 25 square feet of classrooms, whichever provides the greatest number of spaces
33. Theater, indoor
1 parking space for each 3 seats
34. Assembly, manufacturing or similar industrial use
a. 1 parking space for each 1,000 square feet of gross floor area devoted to such use
b. If, in addition, there is space devoted to office retail, or other uses specified elsewhere in these regulations, parking required for such additional use shall also be provided
35. Distribution, warehouse or similar use
a. 1 parking space for each 3,000 square feet of gross floor area
b. If, in addition, there is space devoted to office. Retail or other uses specified elsewhere in these regulations, parking required for such additional use shall be provided
36. Uses not specified
For any use not specified above, specific requirements shall be determined by the Building Commissioner and shall be based upon requirements for similar uses, expected demand and traffic generated by the proposed use and other information from appropriate traffic engineering and planning criteria
 
(Ord. 2000-16, passed 8-28-2000, § 3.11; Ord. 2016-23, passed 12-19-2016)