(A)   Intent. The B-1: Neighborhood Business Districts are established to promote development of areas for convenience uses which tend to meet the daily needs of the residents of the immediate residential districts. Uses within the B-1 Districts are regulated in intensity and character to assure harmonious development with the residential districts served and are limited in size and scale to promote pedestrian access and ensure compatibility of this district with adjacent residential development.
   (B)   Permitted uses.
      (1)   Primary uses.
         (a)   Child care center;
         (b)   Personal service:
            1.   Barber or beauty shop;
            2.   Health spa; fitness center; or tanning salon; and
            3.   Locksmith.
         (c)   Clothing service:
            1.   Dressmaking; dry cleaning and laundry establishment (including self-service);
            2.   Millinery or fabric shop; and
            3.   Shoe repair shop; tailor and pressing shop.
         (d)   Communication/utilities: telephone exchange;
         (e)   Semi-public facilities:
            1.   Community center; and
            2.   Religious use.
         (f)   Retail:
            1.   Antique shop;
            2.   Apparel shop;
            3.   Appliance store;
            4.   Art gallery;
            5.   Arts and crafts store;
            6.   Book store;
            7.   Card shop; camera store; clock shop;
            8.   Coin or stamp shop;
            9.   Computer store;
            10.   Department store;
            11.   Drug store;
            12.   Fabric store;
            13.   Flower shop/florist;
            14.   Frame shop;
            15.   Furniture store;
            16.   Gift shop;
            17.   Hardware store;
            18.   Hobby, toy or game shop;
            19.   Jewelry store;
            20.   Music shop; and
            21.   News dealer.
         (g)   Retail food sales and service:
            1.   Bakery; candy store;
            2.   Convenience store (no gasoline sales);
            3.   Dairy bar/ice cream store/yogurt store;
            4.   Delicatessen;
            5.   Grocery;
            6.   Meat market; and
            7.   Restaurant (drive-through service units prohibited).
         (h)   Miscellaneous:
            1.   Clinic: medical, dental;
            2.   Chiropractic or optometrists; and
            3.   Bed and breakfast.
         (i)   Office, any type; and
         (j)   Professional services:
            1.   Bank/savings and loan/credit union, including bank machines (drive-through service units and freestanding automated teller machines/ATMs prohibited);
            2.   Photographic studio;
            3.   Travel agency;
            4.   Pet shop;
            5.   Shoe store;
            6.   Stationery and book store; and
            7.   Video tape rental or sales.
      (2)   Special exception uses.
         (a)   Communication/utilities:
            1.   Public utility substation; and
            2.   Public wells.
         (b)   Miscellaneous:
            1.   Print shop;
            2.   Drive-through customer service units; and
            3.   Freestanding automated teller machines (ATMs).
         (c)   Food sales and service:
            1.   Roadside food sales stand;
            2.   Liquor store; and
            3.   Tavern/bar.
         (d)   Public facilities: neighborhood recycling collection point;
         (e)   Governmental use:
            1.   Police or fire station; and
            2.   Post office.
         (f)   Recreation:
            1.   Arcade; dancing, aerobics, gymnastics studio; and
            2.   Lodge or private club recreation.
      (3)   Accessory uses. See § 194.095 of this chapter.
      (4)   Temporary uses. See § 194.096 of this chapter.
   (C)   Development standards.
      (1)   Water and sanitary system requirements. Attachment to public water and sanitary sewer facilities shall be mandatory for development in this district.
      (2)   Minimum lot width and frontage. Each lot or integrated center shall have a minimum lot width and frontage on a public street of 50 feet.
         (a)   Front:
            1.   A minimum front yard and building setback measured from the proposed right of-way shall be provided as follows:
Street Classification
Front Yard
Front Bufferyard
Limited access street
30 feet
30 feet
Any other street
10 feet
20 feet
            2.   In the case where a proposed right-of-way line does not exist, as determined by the transportation plan, or where the existing right-of-way is greater, the existing right-of way line shall be used for the setback measurement.
         (b)   Minimum side and rear yard and setback shall be provided from the lot line as follows:
            1.   Minimum side yard: zero feet;
            2.   Minimum side bufferyard: 25 feet;
            3.   Minimum rear yard: zero feet; and
            4.   Minimum rear bufferyard: 25 feet.
      (3)   Minimum yards for outlots. Outlots within an integrated center shall provide a minimum yard of five feet along all lot lines in common with other outlots or with the main portion of the integrated center. If any portion of an outlot abuts the perimeter of the integrated center, that portion of the outlot shall be required to comply with the applicable minimum front, side or rear yard requirements set forth above. The main portion of the integrated center shall not be required to provide a minimum yard along the lot line in common with an outlot.
      (4)   Use of minimum yards and bufferyards. All minimum yards and bufferyards shall be landscaped with grass, trees, shrubbery or hedge, or in combination with other suitable ground cover materials and shall remain free from structures, except where expressly permitted below.
         (a)   Minimum front yards and front bufferyards may include driveways and shall be maintained as open space free from buildings or structures in compliance with the landscaping requirements set forth in § 194.109 of this chapter.
         (b)   Minimum side and rear bufferyards shall be landscaped with grass and shrubbery, trees or hedge, or in combination with other suitable ground cover materials and maintained in compliance with the landscaping requirements set forth in § 194.109 of this chapter.
      (5)   Maximum building height. 35 feet and not to exceed three stories.
      (6)   Maximum gross floor area. No single use, whether freestanding or contained in an integrated center, shall exceed 15,000 square feet of gross floor area. No integrated center shall exceed 30,000 square feet of total gross floor area.
      (7)   Off-street parking. See § 194.105 of this chapter.
      (8)   Off-street loading. See § 194.106 of this chapter.
      (9)   Signs. See §§ 194.160 through 194.169 of this chapter.
      (10)   Vision clearance areas. See § 194.021 of this chapter.
      (11)   Landscaping and screening requirements. See § 194.109 of this chapter.
      (12)   Outdoor operations. All uses and operations (except off-street parking, off-street loading and delivery, walk-up customer service windows) shall be conducted completely within enclosed buildings, except where expressly permitted below.
         (a)   Outdoor seating shall not be located between a building line and a bufferyard.
         (b)   Trash container(s) exceeding six cubic feet shall:
            1.   Be completely screened on all four sides with a solid-walled or opaque fenced stall with gate not less than six feet in height;
            2.   Be located behind the established front building line; and
            3.   Not be located within a required yard or bufferyard.
   (D)   Development plan approval required. All lots in a B-1 District shall be subject to the filing of a development plan for review and approval by the Plan Commission as set forth in §§ 194.125 through 194.128 of this chapter.
      (1)   Architectural design requirements.
         (a)   Design theme. Buildings shall be designed to incorporate the salient features of and be consistent with or complementary to the Zionsville theme, incorporating the architecture, design and overall aesthetic exterior character of a building consistent with the Georgian, Federal, Greek revival or Victorian architectural styles.
         (b)   Building materials.
            1.   Exposed foundations shall be constructed of one or more of the following:
               a.   Brick in a color historically consistent with the selected architectural style;
               b.   Stone (limestone, granite, fieldstone and the like); or
               c.   Architectural pre-cast concrete, if surface looks like brick or stone.
            2.   Clapboard siding;
            3.   Brick in a color historically consistent with the selected architectural style;
            4.   Beaded siding; or
            5.   Dryvit. In order to create variation and interest in the built environment, all new buildings or building additions shall use the exterior building materials specified below. In addition, the exterior building material selection shall be supplemented by the use of multiple colors, textures (e.g. rough, smooth, striated and the like) or architectural elements (quions, pilasters, soldier courses, friezes, cornices, dentils and the like) on each facade. Two or three building materials (excluding glass in windows or doors and roofing material) shall be utilized for all facades visible from a street or alley.
               a.   The primary building material shall be one of the following: brick, stone, clapboard or dryvit.
               b.   Facade walls shall be constructed of any combination of the following and shall constitute a minimum of 60% of the available wall area (exclusive of window and doors) of each applicable facade:
                  i.   Stone;
                  ii.   Brick;
                  iii.   Stone;
                  iv.   Clapboard; or
                  v.   Dryvit.
         (c)   Roofs.
            1.   Pitched roofs. Roofs shall be simply and symmetrically pitched and only in the configuration of gables and hips, with pitches ranging from 4:12 to 14:12. Pitched roofs shall be clad in wood shingles, slate, composition asphalt shingle or standing-seam metal panels. Shingle or panel color shall be appropriate to the design of the building.
            2.   Shed roofs. Shed roofs are permitted only when the ridge is attached to an exterior wall of a building, with pitches ranging from 4:12 to 14:12.
            3.   Flat roofs. Flat roofs are permitted when consistent with the selected style of architecture, if edged by a railing or parapet, and if rooftop mechanical equipment is either camouflaged on all sides or visually integrated into the overall design of the building. In no case shall rooftop mechanical equipment be visible from adjoining R districts. All vents, attic ventilators, turbines, flues and other roof penetrations shall be painted to match the color of the roof, or painted flat black. Gutters and downspouts shall be appropriate to or visually integrated with the selected architectural style of the structure. Dormers, belvederes, cupolas and pergolas may be utilized as a design element, so long as they are designed with the details, proportions, style and materials consistent with the selected architectural design of the building.
         (d)   Entrances. The main building or tenant space pedestrian entrances shall be defined and articulated by architectural elements such as lintels, pediments, pilasters, columns and other design elements appropriate to the selected architectural style and details of the building as a whole. The location, orientation, proportion and style of doors shall reflect the chosen style of the building.
         (e)   Windows. All window design shall be compatible with the style, materials, color, details and proportion of the building. The number of panes, the way the window opens, the trim around the window and whether the window is embellished with shutters shall be consistent with the selected architectural style of the building.
         (f)   Storefronts. Storefronts shall be integrally designed with the overall facade character. Ground floor retail, service and restaurant uses may use large pane display windows; provided, however, such windows shall not exceed 75% of the total ground level (first floor) facade area. Buildings with multiple storefronts shall be of unified design, through the use of common building materials, architectural details, signs and lighting consistent with the overall building style. Each individual tenant shall have a primary entrance to the storefront from the exterior of the building.
         (g)   Awnings, canopies. In addition to the provisions of § 194.163 of this chapter, fixed or retractable awnings or canopies are permitted; provided, they complement the building’s architectural style, building materials, colors and details; do not conceal architectural features (such as cornices, columns, pilasters or decorative details); do not impair facade composition; and are designed as an integral part of the facade. Metal, plastic or aluminum awnings are prohibited.
      (2)   Lighting requirements.See § 194.113.
      (3)   Building orientation. Rear building facades shall not face a public street. No loading spaces shall be permitted to face a street.
(Ord. 2000-16, passed 8-28-2000, § 2.20; Ord. 2016-04, passed 4-5-2016)