1505.02   AMENDMENTS.
   The BOCA Fire Prevention Code adopted in Section 1505.01 is hereby amended as follows:
   Section F-100.1 Title; (Amended)
      This Part Fifteen of these Codified Ordinances shall be known and may be cited as the "Fire Prevention Code of the City of Parma Heights" and is herein referred to as such or as "this Code."
   Section F-100.3 Bureau of Fire Prevention: (Added)
      A Bureau of Fire Prevention in the Fire Department is hereby established. Such Bureau shall operate under the supervision of the Fire Chief and under the direction and control of the Director of Public Safety.
      The Fire Chief shall designate a member of the Fire Department as Inspector for the Bureau and shall designate such other members of the Department as he may from time to time deem necessary as Assistant Inspectors for duties incident to the operation of the Bureau.  Inspectors assigned to full-time duty in the Bureau shall serve forty hours per week as directed by the Fire Chief.  The Fire Chief and any person assigned as an Inspector to the Bureau shall herein be referred to as the Fire Official.
   Section F-100.4 Additional standards: (Added)
      Whenever this Fire Prevention Code is silent and no other City ordinance pertaining to a particular subject has been enacted, the recommended good practice of the National Fire Codes of the National Fire Protection Association, the 1979 edition, shall prevail and be complied with.
   Section F-102.3 Investigation of Fires: (Added)
      Pursuant to Ohio R.C. 3737.24, the Inspector in charge of the Bureau of Fire Prevention shall cause an investigation of all fires, bombings and explosions, examine witnesses, compel the attendance of witnesses and the production of books and papers and do and perform all other acts necessary to the effective discharge of such duties.
      The Inspector of the Bureau or his representative may administer oaths and may enter, for the purpose of examination, any building, premises or vehicle which, in his opinion, is in danger from fire or explosion, or has suffered damage from fire or explosion, and he shall report his proceedings to Council at such times as are required.
      Failure of any person to comply with any order of the Fire Chief or his representative, under the provisions of this section, shall constitute an unlawful act and subject such person to the penalties provided for in Section F-105.5.1.
   Section F-102.8 Authority at fires and emergencies: (Added)
      The Fire Chief or his authorized representative shall be in charge at the scene of a fire or other emergency involving the protection of life and/or property and shall remain in charge until authority is relinquished.
   Section F-102.9 Enforcement of Ohio Basic Building Code: (Added)
      The Fire Chief shall enforce all provisions of the Ohio Basic Building Code relating to fire prevention in accordance with Ohio R. C. 3781. 03.
   Section F-102.10 Modifications: (Added)
      The Fire Chief may modify any of the provisions of this Fire Prevention Code, upon application, in writing, by the owner or lessee or his duly authorized agent, when there are practical difficulties in the way of carrying out the strict letter of such Code, provided that the spirit of the Code shall be observed, public safety secured and substantial justice done.  The particulars of such modifications, when granted or allowed, and the decision of the Fire Chief thereon shall be entered upon the records of the Fire Department and a signed copy shall be furnished the applicant.
   Section F-102.11 Validity: (Added)
      Each section of this Fire Prevention Code and every part of such section is an independent section, and the holding of any section or a part thereof to be unconstitutional, void or ineffective for any cause does not affect the validity or constitutionality of any other section or part thereof.
   Section F-103.8 Plans review: (Added)
      All construction plans received by the Building Department of the City for the purpose of building permit review shall be submitted to the Bureau of Fire Prevention.  When such submitted plans have been found to conform to the provisions of this Fire Prevention Code and all other fire and life safety codes adopted by the City, such plans shall be stamped "Approved for Fire Regulations Only." When such submitted plans are found not to conform to such provisions, a list of requirements with the code section numbers shall be written on, or attached to, the plans.  The designer of such plans or his representative shall subsequently submit revised plans, addenda or other data to show evidence of compliance with the applicable provisions of such codes.  If such changes in plans are not received within a reasonable time, not to exceed thirty days, the Inspector of the Bureau of Fire Prevention may revoke the approval of the plans.  Under no circumstances shall work commence on any unapproved areas until changes have been submitted to and approved by the Fire Prevention Bureau.  The construction, installation, erection and alteration of all structures, with the exception of one and two-family dwellings, shall be approved by the Bureau of Fire Prevention prior to the issuance of any permit by the Building Department. The Fire Official shall be notified upon the completion of any work, for which Fire Prevention Bureau approval has been given, and shall inspect such work for conformity to the approved plans before any occupancy permit is issued by the Building Department.
   Section F-103.9 Change of use or occupancy: (Added)
      The owner, tenant or lessee of a business or other establishment who is contemplating a change in the use or occupancy of such business or other establishment, or the owner of residential property converting the same to a business use, shall notify the Bureau of Fire Prevention prior to such change in use or occupancy and such change shall not be made until it is determined that the change complies with this Fire Prevention Code and is approved by the Fire Chief.
   Section F-104.1 Appeals: (Amended)
      Whenever the Bureau of Fire Prevention disapproves an application or refuses to issue a permit applied for, or when it is claimed that the provisions of this Fire Prevention Code do not apply or that the true intent and meaning of such Code have been misconstrued or wrongly interpreted, the applicant may appeal from the decision of the Bureau of Fire Prevention to the Fire Chief within thirty days from the date of the decision appealed. If the Fire Chief refuses to overrule the Bureau, the applicant may appeal to the Board of Zoning Appeals within thirty days from the date of the decision as provided in Chapter 1139 of the Codified Ordinances of the City.
   Section F-104.2 Application: (Deleted)
   Section F-104.3 New materials, processes or occupancies: (Added)
      The Mayor and/or the Director of Public Safety, the Fire Chief and the Director of Public Service shall constitute a committee to determine and specify, after giving affected persons an opportunity to be heard, any new materials, processes or occupancies which shall require permits, in addition to those now enumerated in this Fire Prevention Code.
   Section F-104.4 Research reports and testing laboratories: (Added)
      In those cases in which a product is proposed for use in the City, but such product does not meet specific standards set by this Fire Prevention Code, the committee described in Section F-104.3 may accept authenticated research reports from Building Officials and Code Administrators International, Inc., or from other approved authoritative sources, to assist it in determining the acceptability of such product.
   Section F-104.5 Recognized sources: (Added)
      The following are authoritative sources recognized by the State Fire Marshal and the City:
         American Gas Association (AGA) 1032 E. 62nd Street Cleveland, Ohio 44103
         Engineering Experiment Station The Ohio State University 2070 Neil Avenue Columbus, Ohio 43210
         Factory Mutual Research Corporation (FM) 1151 Bos ton-Providence Turnpike Norwood, Massachusetts 02062
         National Bureau of Standards (NBS) Building Research Division U.S. Department of Commerce Washington, D.C. 20234
         Ohio Board of Building Standards (BBS) 2323 W. Fifth Avenue, P.O. Box 825 Columbus, Ohio 43 2 04
         Southwest Research Institute
         P.O. Drawer 28510
         San Antonio, Texas 77228
         Underwriters'Laboratories, Inc. (UL) 333 Pfingsten Road Northbrook, Illinois 60062
         United States Testing Company, Inc. 1415 Park Avenue Hoboken, New Jersey 07030
         University of California Department of Civil Engineering Berkley, California 94720
         Applied Research Laboratories of Florida, Inc. 650 Palm Avenue P.O. Box 489 Hialeah, Florida 33011
         Environ Testing Laboratories, Inc. 2718 Forrest Lane Dallas, Texas 75234
   Section F-105.5.1 Penalty and violations: (Amended)
      Whoever violates or fails to comply with any of the provisions of this Fire Prevention Code, or any order made thereunder, or builds in violation of any detailed statement of specifications or plans submitted and approved thereunder, or any certificate or permit issued thereunder, and from which no appeal has been taken, or fails to comply with such an order as affirmed or modified by Council or a court of competent jurisdiction, is severally for each and every such violation and noncompliance respectively, guilty of a misdemeanor of the first degree and shall be fined not more than one thousand dollars ($1,000) or imprisoned not more than six months, or both.
      Imposition of one penalty for a violation shall not excuse the violation or permit it to continue and all such persons shall be required to correct or remedy such violations or defects within a reasonable time. When not otherwise specified, a separate offense shall be deemed committed each day that prohibited conditions are maintained.
   Section F-201. 0 APPLIED MEANING OF WORDS AND TERMS (Added)
      City means the Municipality of Parma Heights.
   Section F-305.5 Multifamily storage: (Added)
      1.   In all multifamily homes and apartments where storage is permitted in lockers or storage rooms, there shall be a clearance of at least eighteen inches between the top of material stored and the underside of the lowest beam, girder or other ceiling obstruction which might restrict the use of fire hose streams over the material.
      2.   In all multifamily homes and apartments where individual furnace rooms are maintained, the storage of any material, whether combustible or not, is not permitted in furnace rooms.
   Section F-305.6 Heater room storage prohibited: (Added)
      In any occupancy classification, the storage of combustible materials in a boiler or heater room, or in any room which contains flame operated equipment, is prohibited.
   Section F-305.7 Storage under stairways: (Added)
      All storage shall be orderly and there shall not be any accumulation of rubbish. Combustible storage shall be prohibited under combustible stairs or stairs having open risers or treads.
   Section F-305.8 Storage near appliances or utilities: (Added)
      Combustible materials shall not be stored within thirty-six inches of furnaces, water heaters or other flame producing appliances or under or over flue pipes or unit heaters.
   Section F-311.3 Posting of fire lanes: (Added)
      Fire lanes shall be posted with signs reading "No Parking Fire Lane" by the owner or operator of the attached property.  The number and location of signs and other required marking shall be approved by the Fire Official before installation.
   Section F-311.4 Parking plan: (Added)
      An approved plot plan designating the area of fire lanes shall be kept on file with the Fire Prevention Bureau.
   Section F-311.5 Enforcement: (Added)
      Parking of unattended motor vehicles in fire lanes or otherwise obstructing fire lanes is prohibited. Attended motor vehicles standing or parked in fire lanes shall immediately be moved upon the direction of any member of the Fire Department or Police Department.
   Section F-311.6 Failure to comply: (Added)
      Any vehicle which has not been moved as directed in Section F-311.5 or which is left unattended in a fire lane shall be cited and/or towed and impounded.  The cost of towing and impounding shall be paid by the vehicle owner before the release of such vehicle.
   Section F-312.0 GRILLS AND BARBECUES (Added)
      Section F-312.1 General: No person shall start or maintain a fire to be used for the preparation of food or for any other purpose in any apartment, condominium or multifamily dwelling or on or below any building balcony or within twenty feet of any structure housing two or more families.
      Section F-312.2 Enforcement: The owner, manager, operator or person in charge of any apartment, condominium or multifamily dwelling shall make the provisions of this section known to all tenants and no owner, manager, operator or person in charge of any apartment, condominium or multifamily dwelling shall knowingly permit any fire in violation of this section.
   Section F-313.1 Causing fire through negligence: (Added)
      No person shall, in any hotel, motel, rooming house, lodging house, apartment house, tenement house, convalescent home, hospital, child care facility, public building or similar place of abode, by any means whatsoever, through carelessness, neglect or negligence, set fire to or cause the burning of any bedding, furniture, rug, curtain, drape or other household furnishing or fitting or any other part of such buildings or premises in such a manner as to endanger the safety of any person or property.
   Section F-313.2 Posting of law: (Added)
      It shall be the duty of the manager, owner or lessee of any hotel or motel to post the provisions of this section in a conspicuous place in each room occupied by guests in such hotel or motel. It shall be the duty of the manager, owner or lessee of any rooming house, lodging house, apartment house, tenement house, convalescent home, hospital, child care facility or similar place of abode to post the provisions of this section in a conspicuous place on such premises.
   Section F-313.3 Report of fire; spreading alarm: (Added)
      It shall be the duty of a manager, owner or lessee, and of an employee of a manager, owner or lessee, and of an occupant, and of any person in direct control of rooming houses,apartments, hotels, motels, resthomes, department stores, theaters, auditoriums and other public places of assembly, upon the discovery of any unfriendly fire, or upon receiving information that there is an unfriendly fire on the premises, immediately and with all reasonable dispatch and diligence to call or notify the Fire Department concerning the fire and to spread alarm immediately to all occupants of the building.
   Section F-314. 0 REQUIREMENTS FOR TEMPORARY HEATING DEVICES (Added)
      Section F-314.1 General: Whenever temporary heating devices are used in or near any building or structure, whether under construction or during a period when repairs or alterations are being made or while it is being razed or moved or at any other time, such devices may be used subject to the conditions hereinafter set forth:
      1.   Such devices shall be equipped with electrical controls approved by Underwriters' Laboratories;
      2.   Such devices which are not equipped with electrical controls approved by Underwriters' Laboratories shall be attended while in operation by an attendant who has in his possession and ready for immediate use, fire fighting equipment which has been approved by the Fire Official.
      3.   No person shall operate any temporary heating device for the purposes herein described without an attendant present without first obtaining a permit therefor.
   Section F-315.0 BURNING REFUSE OUTDOORS (Added)
      Section F-315.1 General: No person shall bum any refuse, rubbish, garbage or other material of any kind, or, being the owner or in possession or control of any premises within the City, cause, procure or knowingly permit such burning outdoors, in such a manner as to produce smoke or odors which are offensive or injurious or in any way prejudicial to the health or comfort of any person within the City or injurious or destructive to any property therein.
   Section F-316.0 CREATION OF SMOKE (Added)
      Section F-316.1 General: The emission within the City of smoke the density of which is equal to or greater than Number Three on the Ringelmann Chart, as published and used by the United States Bureau of Mines, from a steam roller, derrick, shovel, tar kettle or other similar machine, or from the smokestack or chimney of a building or premises, or from an incinerator, except for six minutes in any one hour, during which time the fire box is cleaned out or a new fire built therein, is hereby declared to be a nuisance and may be summarily abated by any member of the Police Department or Fire Department.  In addition to the equitable remedy provided for herein, any person causing such emission or permitting the same from the premises or machines within his control shall be subject to the penalty provided in Section F-105.5.1.
   Section F-317.0 FLEXIBLE CORDS AND CABLES (Added)
      Section F-317.1 General: The use of flexible cords, extension cords and cables shall comply with Article 400 of the National Electrical Code (NFPA No. 70-1978).
      Section F-317.2 Uses permitted: Flexible cord and cable shall be used only as approved by Article 400-7 of the National Electrical Code and as approved by the Fire Official for temporary wiring during construction, alteration and remodeling.
      Section F-317.3 Uses not permitted: Flexible cord and cable shall not be used:
         1.   As a substitute for the fixed wiring of a structure;
         2.   Where run through holes in walls, ceilings or floors;
         3.   Where run through doorways, windows or similar openings;
         4.   Where attached to building surfaces;
         5.   Where concealed behind building walls, ceilings or floors;
         6.   Where concealed by floor coverings;
         7.   Where draped over or around piping of any type; or
         8.   Where concealed by storage, piled stock or furniture.
      Section F-317.4 Splices: Flexible cord shall be used only in continuous lengths without splices, taps or joining and shall be of a length and rating as approved by the Fire Official.
   Section F-318.0 ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT SALES (Added)
      Section F-318.1 Sales limitations: No person shall sell or offer or expose for sale within the City any electrical materials, equipment, fixtures, appliances or devices which do not have an Underwriters' Laboratories or Factory Mutual seal of approval, or which have been declared by the Fire Chief or an Inspector for the Bureau of Fire Prevention of the City to be unsafe for use because of design, construction, wiring or assembly.
      Section F-318.2 Inspection; notice: The Fire Chief or an Inspector for the Bureau of Fire Prevention is hereby authorized to inspect any and all electrical materials, equipment, fixtures, appliances or devices sold or offered or exposed for sale within the City and to determine whether the same are safe or unsafe for use because of design, construction wiring or assembly. If he finds any such material to be unsafe, he shall give notice of the finding to the person selling or offering or exposing the same for sale.  No person shall be guilty of a violation of this section unless written notice is given to him or to his employer or to the person in charge of the place where the article is sold or offered or exposed for sale.
   Section F-319.0 FIRE LIMITS; CONSTRUCTION (Added)
      Section F-319.1 General: No building shall be erected on or moved onto any lot or parcel of land in a Class HB, B, B-l, C, C-l or Development District, as the same are established in the Zoning Code, unless the outer walls of the building are constructed of fire-resistive material and the roof covering is a minimum of Class "C. " If any such wall is within thirty feet of any other building or adjoining lot line the requirements of Section 302.0 of the Ohio Basic Building Code shall apply.  In such Districts, all roof coverings shall be of fire-resistive material and all partitions and floors shall be of fire-resistive material and have a one-hour fire-resistance rating.
   Section F-320.0 FIRED PREMISES A NUISANCE (Added)
      Section F-320.1 General: Any premises within the City wherein a fire has occurred, and where either interior or exterior damage to a building or structure has been suffered, and any building or structure that has fallen into such a state of disrepair or dilapidation that, in the opinion of the Fire Official, it is a fire hazard or a danger to the public health and safety, is hereby declared to be a public nuisance. Such nuisance may be summarily abated or the premises condemned for occupancy by the Director of Public Service when he has determined that a hazard to the public health or safety exists. The nuisance may be abated in the manner provided in Ohio R.C. 3767.01 through 3767.99. In either case, prior to such abatement, the premises shall first be inspected by the Director of Public Safety, the Fire Chief and the City Building Inspector and/or the County Health Officer or their duly authorized representatives, and each shall make written recommendation to the Director of Public Service as to specified work to be performed in order to properly abate such nuisance and to protect the public health and safety. The Director of Public Service shall follow such recommendations to the extent possible in abating such nuisance.
   Section F-321.0 HAZARDOUS CONDITIONS GENERAL (Added)
      Section F-321.1 Disposal of flammable, combustible or explosive materials: No explosive, flammable or combustible liquid, waste product or other substance that may produce explosive or flammable gases shall be permitted to drain into a City or private sewer, directly or indirectly.
      Section F-321.2 Spark arrestors: Commercial and residential incinerators used for the burning of rubbish or other combustible solid waste materials, and flue-fed incinerator chimneys, shall be provided with an approved arrestor or other effective means for arresting sparks and particulate particles.
      Section F-321.3 Hotplates and heat producing appliances: Other than in kitchens designed for the preparation of food, hotplates and heat producing appliances shall not be located on or within eighteen inches of any combustible material.
         Shelves shall not be permitted less than a vertical distance of thirty-six inches over a hotplate or heating element.
   Section F-322. 0 FALSE ALARM OF FIRE (Added)
      Section F-322.1 General: No person shall give or assist in giving a false alarm of fire or proclaim that a fire has been extinguished when it has not.
   Section F-406.10.2 Test flow required: (Added)
      Each system installed under the provisions of Section F-406.0 (Fire Suppression Systems For Cooking Operations) shall have a full flow test using the extinguishing agent for which the system is designed.  Such test shall be conducted before the certificate of installation is forwarded to the Fire Prevention Bureau and shall be conducted in the presence of the Fire Official.  Notice of such test shall be given to the Fire Official a minimum of forty-eight hours before the proposed test and at a time agreed to by the Fire Official.
   Section F-407.6 Manual fire extinguisher maintenance: (Added)
      All hand operated fire extinguishers shall be maintained and serviced in accordance with the recommended good practices as published in Sections 10 and 10A of the National Fire Codes of the National Fire Protection Association, the 1979 edition.
   Section F-407.7 Certification required: (Added)
      Except for public and private mobile fire trucks, no person shall service, test, repair or install for profit any fire protection or fire fighting equipment without a certificate issued therefor by the State Fire Marshal.
   Section F-409.0 FIRE EQUIPMENT SALES AND INSTALLATION (Added)
      Section F-409.1 Equipment sales: No person shall sell, offer for sale or use any fire protection or fire fighting equipment which does not meet the minimum standards for such equipment as specified by the Ohio Basic Building Code and this Fire Prevention Code.
      Section F-409.2 Equipment installation: Except for public and private fire trucks, no person shall service, test, repair or install for profit any fire protection or fire fighting equipment without a certificate issued therefor by the State Fire Marshal.
   Section F-410.0 STANDPIPES (Added)
      Section F-410.1 General: The provisions of this section shall govern the installation, repair, operation and maintenance of standpipe systems.
      Section F-410.2 Where required: Standpipes shall be installed in all buildings over two stories high, except single and two-family dwellings.  Such standpipes shall be not less than four inches in diameter for buildings not exceeding fifty-five feet in height, and not less than six inches in diameter for buildings over fifty-five feet in height.
         Standpipes shall be installed on stages arranged or intended for theatrical, operatic or similar performances, regardless of building height.  There shall be one two and one-half inch standpipe on each side of the stage.
      Section F-410.3 Number and location: The number of standpipes shall be such that all parts of every floor area can be reached within thirty feet by a nozzle attached to 100 feet of hose connected to a standpipe.
         Standpipes shall be so located that they are protected against mechanical and fire damage, with outlets within stairway enclosures.
      Section F-410.4 Construction of standpipes:
         1.   Standpipes shall be constructed of wrought iron or steel and shall be designed to withstand a working pressure of not less than 100 pounds per square inch in excess of the static head of water due to theheight of the standpipe.
         2.   Standpipes shall extend from the lowest story of the building to the topmost story, but standpipes serving parts of buildings that are not of the full height of the building need extend only to the top story of that part.
         3.   When more than one standpipe is required in a building, they shall be connected at their bases by pipes of a size equal to that of the largest standpipe to permit water from any source to supply all the standpipes.
         4.   Where the water supply is furnished by a gravity tank or a pressure tank located in the building at or above the topmost outlet, a check valve shall be provided below the tank and a stop valve between the check valve and the tank.
         5.   Standpipes shall be equipped in every story with a two and one-half inch hose connection and valves located not more than five feet above the floor level; such valves shall be provided with two and one-half inch to one and one-half inch reducing couplings for use with a Fire Department hose.
         6.   Sufficient stop valves or check valves shall be provided to permit cutting off a standpipe riser without interrupting the supply to other risers from the same source supply.  Stop valves which are located above the ground floor and which must be closed to permit continued use of one standpipe in case of failure of another shall be arranged to permit operation from the ground floor or from the pump room.
         7.   Only fittings, connections and valves approved by the Fire Official shall be used in the construction of standpipes.
      Section F-410.5 Fire Department connections:
         1.   Standpipes shall be equipped with outside Siamese connections, approved by the Fire Official, having check valves in each inlet.  The pipe from the standpipe to the Siamese connection shall be at least four inches in diameter.
         2.   There shall be one or more Siamese connections to each standpipe system.
         3.   Siamese connections shall be placed not less than eighteen inches nor more than thirty-six inches above the level of the adjoining ground or sidewalk.
         4.   The thread of Siamese connections shall be uniform with that used by the Fire Department.  Substantial plugs, with chains, shall be provided to protect the threads on each connection.
         5.   Each Siamese connection shall be suitably marked with raised letters reading "Standpipe Wet" or "Standpipe Dry. "
         6.   Just inside of the building in a horizontal section of the standpipe connection, a straightway check valve approved by the Fire Official shall be placed, with an automatic drip connection valve between the check valve and the exterior Siamese connection to prevent freezing.
      Section F-410.6 Hose provided:
         1.   Standpipes located inside of buildings shall have sufficient hose, approved by the Fire Official, to reach all parts of the floor area, but not in excess of 100 feet, attached to each outlet.
         2.   Such hose shall be not less than one and one-half inches in diameter and shall be provided with two and one-half inch outlet and shut-off valves, together with reducing couplings to conform to those of the Fire Department. All standpipe hose shall be rubber lined.
         3.   Each line of hose shall be provided with washers at each end and shall be fitted with an adjustable spray nozzle approved by the Fire Official.
         4.   Hose shall be kept on hose racks or in hose cabinets approved by the Fire Official.
      Section 410.7 Standpipe plans: The installation of all standpipe systems shall be in accordance with plans and specifications based on the requirements of this section and subject to the approval of the Fire Official. All plans shall meet the standards as published by the National Fire Protection Association in the National Fire Codes, the 1979 edition.
      Section F-410.8 Water supply for standpipes:
         1   Standpipes shall be supplied under full pressure from an adequate water supply, or the water supply shall be furnished automatically by the opening of a hose outlet or by the operation of suitably located thermostats.
         2.   Adequate water supply shall be furnished by a street main in which the pressure is sufficient to maintain a pressure of not less than sixty-five pounds per square inch at outlets in the top story of the building with a flow of 500 gallons per minute from the top outlet valve of the building; by a gravity tank of not less than 5,000 gallons capacity, having the bottom not less than twenty-five feet above the outlets in the top story of the building; by a pressure tank of not less than 4,500 gallons capacity (3,300 gallons of water), located in the top story or on the roof of the building; or by automatic pumps having a combined capacity of not less than 750 gallons per minute.
         3.   When a tank which supplies a standpipe is also used for ordinary house supply and is located at the required height, the inlet to the house supply pipe shall be placed at a height above the bottom of the tank to reserve for fire purposes not less than the quantity of water herein specified for such purposes.
         4.   When the pressure on an outlet exceeds fifty pounds per square inch, an approved adjustable reducer or regulator shall be used to maintain a pressure of approximately fifty pounds per square inch on the discharge side with a flow of 100 gallons per minute through the hose and nozzle.
      Section F-410.9 Pumps to standpipe systems:
         1.   In buildings exceeding 10,000 square feet in area, unless the required water supply is furnished by the public utility as specified in Section F-410.8, fire pumps approved by the Fire Official shall be installed in addition to the water supply that is provided and permanently connected to the required stand-pipe systems.
         2.   The capacities of the pumps shall not be less than 500 gallons per minute for a four-inch standpipe, not less than 750 gallons per minute for a six-inch standpipe or two interconnected four-inch standpipes, and not less than 1,000 gallons per minute for two or more six-inch standpipes.
         3.   The pumps shall have an adequate source of power and shall be supplied from street mains or from well systems or other storage systems furnishing not less than one hour's supply at the rated capacity of the pump.
      Section F-410.10 Buildings under construction: In buildings hereafter erected, required standpipes shall be installed as the construction progresses, in such a way that they are available for use by the Fire Department, to the topmost floor that has been constructed. During construction, standpipes may be "dry. " All-weather access to the standpipe Siamese shall be provided for heavy equipment at all times.
      Section F-410.11 Minimum specifications: Installation of a standpipe system and any component of a standpipe system shall be made, tested and maintained to the standards as published in the National Fire Codes of the National Fire Protection Association, the 1979 edition.
   Section F-411.0 AUTOMATIC SPRINKLERS (Added)
      Section F-411.1 General: The provisions of this section shall govern the installation, repair, operation and maintenance of automatic sprinkler systems.
      Section F-411.2 Where required: In buildings hereafter erected, approved automatic sprinkler equipment shall be installed and maintained as follows:
         1.   Except in single and two-family dwellings, all rooms in all buildings over two stories high or over thirty-five feet in height, as measured from the lowest exposed portion of the building, whichever is less, which are used for the storage of combustible materials, including common locker rooms, but not individual locker rooms within suites, shall be provided with a sprinkler system connected to the water supply of the building. In the case of storage or locker rooms with divided compartments, each locker or compartment shall be provided with one sprinkler head supplied from a water main not less than one inch in diameter, with the main size increased as may be required for larger than average installations and as approved by the Fire Official. In no case, however, shall such sprinkler heads be spaced more than twelve feet apart.
         2.   Buildings over two stories in height or over 10,000 square feet in area, when of fire-resistive construction, or 7,500 square feet, when of other types of construction, used for the manufacture, sale or storage of combustible goods or merchandise, shall be equipped with automatic sprinkler equipment meeting the standards of the National Fire Protection Association for the installation of sprinkler equipment.
         3.   The following garages shall be equipped with automatic sprinkler equipment meeting the standards referred to in the preceding paragraph: basement or sub-basement garages housing more than three motor vehicles; and garages located in buildings in which one or more stories or parts thereof above the garages are occupied for other purposes, which garages have a capacity of eight or more passenger automobiles or are used as bus terminals for three or more buses or are used for the storage and loading of two or more trucks.
         4.   In basements and other stories below grade of over 2,500 square feet, when used for the manufacture, sale or storage of combustible goods or merchandise (not including garages), or having a bowling lane or restaurant occupancy, shall be equipped with approved automatic sprinkler equipment.
         5.   Those portions of a building occupied as a place of assembly and having a stage arranged or intended for theatrical, operatic or similar performances shall be equipped with approved automatic sprinkler equipment except in the auditorium, foyers, lobbies and the immediate vicinity of automatic stage ventilators. Areas below the stage and areas used for set or costume storage, dressing rooms and scene construction shall be protected with automatic sprinklers.
         6.   When adequate heat is not provided and, in the opinion of the Fire Chief, the hazard is not severe, such sprinkler systems may be replaced by a system having approved automatic sprinklers, but with supply only from a Fire Department connection on the building front, or with a protective device approved by the Fire Chief.
      Section F-411.3 Construction of sprinkler systems: Sprinkler systems shall be installed in accordance with plans approved by the Fire Prevention Bureau and shall meet the standards as published by the National Fire Protection Association in the National Fire Codes, the 1979 edition.
      Section F-411.4 Water supply to sprinklers: Required sprinkler systems shall have at least one automatic water supply of adequate pressure, capacity and reliability, as determined by the Fire Prevention Bureau.
      Section F-411.5 Fire Department connections: Fire Department connections to sprinkler systems shall comply with the following:
         1.   Every sprinkler system shall be equipped with one or more Fire Department connections approved by the Fire Official.  The pipe from the sprinkler system to the hose connection shall be not less than four inches in size.
         2.   There shall be a Fire Department hose connection on each street frontage or when the building sets back of the street line, on each accessible exterior wall, provided that when a frontage or exterior wall is less than fifty feet in length, no such connection will be required on that frontage if the required connections are provided on the other frontages.
         3.   Hose connections shall be so located as to permit prompt and easy attachment of hose.
         4.   The thread of the connection shall be uniform with that used by the Fire Department.  Substantial plugs shall be provided on each connection.
         5.   Each connection shall be suitably marked with raised letters reading "FIRE DEPARTMENT CONNECTION - AUTOMATIC SPRINKLERS, " or, when only stories below grade are equipped, "FIRE DEPARTMENT CONNECTION -BASEMENT SPRINKLERS" or "CELLAR SPRINKLERS. "
         6.   An approved straightway check valve shall be installed in each Fire Department connection, located as near as practical to the point where it joins the system.  The pipe between the outside hose connection and the check valve shall be arranged to drain in an approved manner.
      Section F-411.6 Water flow alarms: Each automatic sprinkler system having twenty or more sprinkler heads in one fire area shall be equipped with a local water flow alarm.  Each automatic sprinkler system having forty or more sprinkler heads in one fire area shall provide, in addition to the local alarm, for a central station signaling system to monitor the water flow and the sprinkler riser valve operation.  Required alarm systems shall be installed as per the recommended good practices of the National Fire Codes as published by the National Fire Protection Association, the 1979 edition.
      Section F-411.7 Maintenance for use: Standpipes, fire alarm systems and other fire protection or extinguishing systems or appliances which have been installed in compliance with any permit or order, or because of any law or ordinance, shall be maintained in an operative condition at all times.  It shall be unlawful for any owner or occupant to reduce the effectiveness of the protection so required, except that this shall not prohibit the owner or occupant from temporarily reducing or discontinuing the protection where necessary to make tests, repairs, alterations or additions.  The Fire Prevention Bureau shall be notified before such tests, repairs, alterations or additions are begun and work is to be continuous until completion.
   Section F-412.0 FIRE HYDRANTS, PUBLIC (Added)
      Section F-412.1 General: An adequate supply of water for fire fighting purposes, as determined by the Fire Chief, shall be available for all buildings, structures and parts thereof.  Such water shall be supplied from City or private water supply mains.
      Section F-412.2 Requirements: All buildings and structures shall be so located that all parts thereof are not more than 150 feet from a readily accessible public or private hydrant. Locations shall be determined by the Fire Official. Such distance shall be measured along streets, roadways or driveways complying with Section F-415.0. Spacing of hydrants around buildings shall not be in excess of 300 feet.
      Section F-412.3 Private protection: Each building hereafter erected, over two stories in height or 10,000 square feet, shall have sufficient fire hydrants, as approved by the Fire Prevention Bureau, to provide protection and service to standpipes and sprinklers.  Minimum requirements under this section shall be one hydrant within 150 feet with a second hydrant not more than 300 feet from the structure to be protected.  At least one hydrant shall be so located that not more than thirty feet of public roadway separates the hydrant from the protected building. Fire hydrants required to be installed under this section shall be a minimum of six inches in size with triple connections, including one pumper connection, and shall be supplied by pipe not less than six inches in diameter or as required by the Fire Official.
      Section F-412.4 Dwellings: All single dwellings or other minor buildings or structures shall be located so that all parts thereof are not more than 300 feet from not less than one readily accessible public or private hydrant.  Such distance shall be measured along streets, roadways or driveways complying with Section F-415.0.
   Section F-413.0 FIRE HYDRANTS, PRIVATE (Added)
      Section F-413.1 General: Private fire hydrants shall be located, installed and maintained in accordance with this section.
      Section F-413.2 Requirements: When public fire hydrants are not located as required in Section F-412. 0, private fire hydrants shall be installed to meet the minimum requirements of Section F-412.0.
      Section F-413.3 Installation and maintenance: Private fire hydrants shall be installed and maintained in accordance with the following rules:
         1.   Private fire hydrants shall be installed in accordance with the applicable rules and regulations of the Cleveland Water Department and with nationally recognized good practices.
         2.   All private fire hydrants shall have an approved shut-off valve installed in the fire hydrant lead not more than ten feet from each fire hydrant. Required shut-off valves shall be accessible at all times.
         3.   All private fire hydrants shall be installed not closer than two feet nor more than five feet from a street, roadway or driveway conforming with Section F-415.0.
         4.   An inspection and flow test shall be conducted by the owner, as required by the Fire Official, and reports of testing forwarded to the Fire Prevention Bureau.
         5.   All private fire hydrants shall be maintained in proper working order by the owner or operator of the property.
         6.   Private fire hydrants shall be accessible at all times for fire fighting purposes.  No obstruction shall be placed within ten feet of any fire hydrant.
   Section F-414.0 USE OF FIRE HYDRANTS AND VALVES (Added)
      Section F-414.1 General: This section shall apply to the use and maintenance of public and private fire hydrants and fire protection systems within the City.
      Section F-414.2 Unauthorized use: No person, except at an emergency or as authorized herein, shall remove any fire hydrant cap or turn on or off any fire hydrant or operate any valve or stopcock used for fire protection within the City.
      Section F-414.3 Damage to fire hydrants: No person shall commit any act which causes damage to any fire hydrant or deface any fire hydrant within the City.
      Section F-414.4 Obstruction of fire hydrants: No person shall obstruct any fire hydrant by placing any vehicle, material, debris, plowed or piled snow or any other obstacle within ten feet thereof.
      Section F-414.5 Permit required: No person shall make a connection from any fire hydrant within the City to take water therefrom, for private use, unless such person has first applied for and obtained a fire hydrant permit from the Fire Official.  A permit may be issued to use a single fire hydrant or a blanket permit may be issued authorizing the use of any number of fire hydrants, the limit to be fixed by the Fire Official and specified permit fee to the City.
      Section F-414.6 Deposit required: A deposit of one hundred dollars ($100.00) for a fire hydrant permit or a deposit of five hundred dollars ($500.00) for a blanket permit shall accompany each application. Such deposit may be applied, by the City, toward the payment of any damage suffered by the City or payment of any claims made against the City, by anyone, due to the use of any fire hydrant by the applicant or his representatives, agents or servants. In the absence of any damages or claims, the deposit shall be returned to the permittee within thirty days.
      Section F-414. 7 Water receipt and duration statement required: Upon the issuance of a fire hydrant permit or blanket fire hydrant permit, it shall be the duty of the permittee to immediately, and before making any connection to or using any hydrant in any way, present the permit to the Cleveland Water Department and obtain a receipt showing payment for the water estimated to be used by virtue of his permit.  The receipt shall then be presented to the Fire Chief together with a written statement by the permittee as to the period of time during which the hydrants set forth in the permit will be used.  All of the foregoing provisions shall be complied with prior to making any connection to or using any hydrant.
      Section F-414.8 Permit time, limitations and expiration: All fire hydrant permits issued pursuant to this section shall expire upon completion of the work contemplated and in connection with which such permit was obtained, but in no event shall any permit remain in force and effect for a period of more than sixty days.
      Section F-414.9 Conditions of issuance: All fire hydrant permits shall be issued subject to the express condition that the permittee shall indemnify and save the City harmless from all loss or damage that may be occasioned by the lack of care, skill or attention of the permittee or anyone in his employ in the making of a connection or in the use of such fire hydrant.  The permittee shall, if any damage is caused to any fire hydrant or water main of the Municipality in the use thereof, promptly and fully reimburse the Municipality for the full cost and expense of the repairs necessary beyond the amount of his deposit if such is inadequate.
      Section F-414.10 Use of hydrant key and reducing valve: All hydrants used for any purpose shall have reducing couplings attached to the nozzles of the fire hydrants with an independent valve for regulating the supply.  The main valve of the hydrant shall be opened full at the beginning of work each day and remain open until the stoppage of work at night.  The hydrant shall be operated only by a proper hydrant key.
      Section F-414.11 Completion; inspection: Upon completion of the use of a fire hydrant, the permittee shall notify the Fire Official, who shall promptly inspect each fire hydrant used and make a report to the Service Director of the condition of the hydrant and of the repairs and he finds necessary.  When repairs are necessary, no further fire hydrant permits shall be issued to any permittee until the Municipality has been reimbursed for the full costs involved.
   Section F-415. 0 FIRE DEPARTMENT ACCESS (Added)
      Section F-415.1 General: Access streets, roadways or driveways, as required by Article 4 (Fire Protection Systems) shall conform to Sections F-415.2 through F-415.4 to allow for placement of fire equipment.
      Section F-415.2 Width: The width shall be sufficient to permit easy passage of any Fire Department apparatus.
      Section F-415.3 Road surface: The surface shall be reinforced or of such sufficient strength and type to adequately support any fire apparatus under all weather conditions.
      Section F-415.4 Curves and grades: The curve radii and grade elevations shall be such as to permit any Fire Department apparatus to negotiate curves and grades under any weather conditions and shall be approved by the Fire Official.
   Section F-416. 0 FIRE DOORS (Added)
      Section F-416.1 General: No commercial building shall be constructed unless each and every storage, utility, boiler, equipment, incinerator, laundry, meter or other such noninhabitable room is equipped with a "B" label and Undewritersf Laboratories listed door self-closure.
      Section F-416.2 Door maintenance: All fire doors required by this Fire Prevention Code or any building code shall be maintained in good and operable condition at all times.  Fire doors shall not be blocked open nor any action taken to reduce their effectiveness.
   Section F-418.0 EMERGENCY ENTRY (Added)
      Section F-418.1 General: Building entry keys shall be provided for the emergency use of the Fire Department for all residential occupancies, having more than four suites, that normally have locked, unattended, main entrance doors. Keys shall be locked in a special security box, approved by the Fire Prevention Bureau, that is secured to the building with access by a special key available only to the Fire Department.  The Fire Prevention Bureau shall make a survey of the above occupancies and require the installation of one or more approved boxes.  The cost of providing and installing the locked boxes is to be paid by the owners or management of each property and the boxes are to be installed within ninety days of receiving written notice from the Fire Prevention Bureau.
   Section F-419.0 EMERGENCY OPERATION OF ELEVATORS (Added)
      Section F-419.1 General: Elevators shall be installed and maintained in accordance with the American National Standards Institute Safety Code for Elevators (ANSI A17.1-1978).
      Section F-419.2 Fire service: All elevators serving three or more landings shall comply with ANSI A17.1-1978, Section 211.3a - 4, and provide for emergency operation of the elevator from the car.
      Section F-419.3 Emergency key: The emergency key switch as provided by ANSI A17.1-1978, Section 211.3a, shall be Chicago Lock No. C2136.
      Section F-419.4 Minimum car size: Any building providing elevators shall have at least one passenger elevator with a minimum clear car size of seven feet deep by five feet wide.  The Fire Official may approve other car configurations if the size and door arrangement meet the purposes of this Fire Prevention Code.
   Section F-499.0 CONTINUED SERVICEABILITY (Added)
      Section F-499.1 General: Any fire protection system installed as a requirement of this Fire Prevention Code or any past code of the City shall be maintained in operable and serviceable condition and no change in any such system shall be made to render any such system less effective or less complete than it was at the time of proper installation.
   Section F-500.1 Means of egress: (Added)
      Means of egress shall comply with N. F. P. A. National Fire Code Standard 101-79, Life Safety Code.
   Section F-502.3 Obstruction to means of egress: (Added)
      No person shall encumber any exit, of any occupancy, required by the Building Code of the City or by this Fire Prevention Code.
   Section F-505.0 EMERGENCY LIGHTING (Added)
      Section F-505.1 Requirements: Each room, hall or auditorium having a capacity of 100 or more persons, each place of business open to the public after sundown and each apartment house and institutional occupancy shall be provided with lights meeting the provisions of Section 101 of the National Fire Prevention Association's National Fire Codes, the 1979 edition, and be so located and supplied with current as to provide, with one service interrupted, emergency illumination without appreciable delay, of the ways of exit.  Such installation may consist of any one of the following:
         1.   An emergency lighting system, independent of the general lighting system, with provision for automatically transferring, by means of devices approved for the purpose, the emergency system from a defective supply to another supply;
         2.   Two or more separate and complete systems with independent current supply, each providing emergency lighting, with means provided for automatically lighting each system upon failure of the other, unless both systems are kept lighted; or
         3.   Any other installation approved as adequate for the purpose of this section in the manner required by this Fire Prevention Code.
      Section F-505.2 Maintenance: All emergency generators and wet batteries, for elevator cab lights and emergency elevator bell power, shall be maintained in a serviceable and operating condition.
      Section F-505.3 Generator maintenance: Emergency generators installed under requirements of this section shall be operated for a period of at least twenty minutes once each week.  A written record of each test shall be kept, which record shall include the name of the person performing the test.  Each new generator installed under this Fire Prevention Code shall be equipped with an hour run meter and a device to automatically perform the above test. A written record shall not be required for generators so equipped. Generators shall be maintained in operable condition at all times.
   Section F-506.0 BASEMENTS OF STORE UNITS (Added)
      Section F-506.1 Access required: Basements of individual store units shall be provided with one or both of the following plans of opening:
         1.   At least one exterior window or other opening shall be provided at each end of the basement store unit, which window or opening shall be placed below the ceiling level and shall be readily accessible to the Fire Department.
         2.   In lieu of the opening required by paragraph 1. hereof with respect to the end of a basementstore unit adjacent to a street, there may be substituted, with the prior written approval of the Bureau of Fire Prevention, an opening from the basement store unit to the street level, which opening may be temporarily closed by concrete of such thickness that the concrete may serve as part of a sidewalk, but may be quickly and easily broken open by the Fire Department.
      Section F-506.2 Egress required: The dimensions of such opening, the thickness of such concrete and the method of installation shall be subject to the approval of the Bureau of Fire Prevention.
      In any retail or commercial establishment where people are employed regularly in the basement or in which the public is permitted to have access to the basement, such basement, regardless of size, shall have not less than two direct means of egress which shall be as far apart as possible. At least one of such means of egress shall be in a fire-resistant enclosure with a one-hour fire door equipped with an approved fusable link closer.  This requirement shall not be applicable, however, to a basement equipped with an approved sprinkler system, provided that the public is not permitted in such basement, and provided, further, that not more than three persons are regularly employed in such basement.  For the purposes of this section, the word "egress" means a clear stairway leading to an outside exit, either directly or through a clear passageway.
      Section F-506.3 Storage limited: In all retail or commercial establishments where merchandise is stored in the basement, shelving or bins for such merchandise shall be constructed so as to provide accessibility to Fire Department hose streams and shall be constructed in such a manner that there are no cross-partitions but only open shelving.
      Where automatic sprinkler protection is provided, clearance of at least eighteen inches shall be maintained under sprinklers.  Clearance of up to thirty-six inches may be required where the nature of the material stored requires
   Section F-510.0 SMOKE DETECTORS (Added)
      Section F-510.1  Definitions:
         1.   Dwelling - Any building which is not an apartment house, lodging house, hotel or mobile home and which contains one or two dwelling units which are, or are intended or designed to be, occupied for living purposes.
         2.   Dwelling unit - A single unit providing complete, independent living facilities for one or more persons, including permanent provisions for living, sleeping, eating, cooking and sanitation, or a single unit used by one or more persons for sleeping and sanitation pursuant to a work practice or labor agreement.
         3.   Rooming unit - The room or group of rooms let to an individual or household for use as living and sleeping quarters, but not for cooking, whether or not common facilities for cooking are made available.
         4.   Habitable room - Every room or enclosed floor space used or intended to be used for living, sleeping, cooking or eating purposes, excluding rooms containing toilets, bathtubs or showers and excluding laundry, pantries, foyers, communicating corridors, closets and storage spaces.
         5.   Story - That portion of a building included between the upper surface of a floor and the upper surface of the floor or roof next above.
         6.   Separate sleeping area - The area or areas of a dwelling in which the bedrooms are located. Bedrooms separated by other use areas, such as kitchens or living rooms (but not bathrooms), shall be considered as separate sleeping areas for the purposes of these regulations.
         7.   Remodel - The alteration or reconstruction of an existing building for which a building permit is required to be obtained by the local political subdivision.
         8.   Approved smoke detector - Any smoke detector that meets the requirements of Underwriters' Laboratories Standards 217 or 268 and N.F.P.A. 72E and 74.
         9.   Apartment house - Any building which is occupied as a home or residence of three or more families or persons living independently of each other and doing their own cooking in the building, including any building containing three or more apartments.
      Section F-510.2 Installation required: The owner of each new or existing single-family dwelling or two-family dwelling shall install smoke detectors in each such dwelling unit as provided in this section. Such smoke detectors shall be capable of sensing visible or invisible particles of combustion and providing a suitable audible alarm thereof. Smoke detectors shall be installed within thirty days of the effective date of this section. No person shall fail to install smoke detectors as and where required by such date.
      Section F-510.3 Location:
         1.   In single-family and two-family dwellings, smoke detectors shall be installed outside of each separate sleeping area in the immediate vicinity of the bedrooms and on each additional story of the dwelling unit, including basements and excluding crawl spaces and unfinished attics.
         2.   In family living units with one or more split levels (levels with less than one full story separation between levels), a smoke detector required by paragraph 1. hereof shall suffice for an adjacent lower level, including basements. Exception: Where there is an intervening door between one level and the adjacent lower level, a smoke detector shall be installed on the lower level.
      Section F-510.4 Detector power supplies:
         1.   In new residential dwelling units, smoke detectors shall be hard-wired directly to the building's power supply with a DC battery backup. All wiring shall meet the requirements of N.F.P.A. 70, 72E and 74 and the Parma Heights Building Code.
         2.   In existing residential dwelling units, smoke detectors may be powered by a battery.
      Section F-510.5 Detector approval:  All devices, combinations of devices and equipment required by this chapter shall be installed in conformity which N.F.P.A. standards and this code. The Chief of the Bureau of Fire Prevention may determine whether a replacement of an existing installation is required.
      Section F-510.6 Alternative installation:  As an alternative to self-contained smoke detectors, an approved fire detection system may be installed. Each fire detection system must be individually approved by the Fire Chief.
      Section F-510.7 Installation and maintenance:
         1.   On the occasion of every change in occupancy of every dwelling unit, it shall be the duty of the grantor thereof to certify before occupancy, to the new occupant, that all smoke detectors, as required by this section and other applicable laws, are installed and in proper working condition.
         2.   The owner shall be responsible for replacement of batteries or the smoke detector. The owner or authorized agent shall correct any reported deficiencies in the smoke detector. The owner shall not be in violation of this section for a deficient smoke detector when such owner has not received notice of the deficiency.
         3.   It shall be the responsibility of the tenant to test and maintain smoke detectors within dwelling units and notify the owner in writing of any deficiencies. The owner shall provide each tenant with written information regarding smoke detector testing and maintenance.
      Section F-510.8  Enforcement:
         1.   The Fire Chief shall have jurisdiction to inspect the installation of any smoke detector required to be installed by this section.
         2.   The Building Inspector or any certified fire safety inspector, who, upon inspection of any premises as to which the owner is required to maintain smoke detectors pursuant to this section, finds a violation of any provision of this section, shall immediately issue a notice of violation to the owner of such premises, requiring him or her to comply within a reasonable time, not to exceed seven days.
         Upon failure to comply with the notice of violation of the Building Inspector or certified fire safety inspector within seven days of the issuance of such notice, the Building Inspector or certified fire safety inspector shall present the matter to the City Prosecutor for criminal proceedings according to law.
      Section F-510.9 Designation of approved smoke detectors.:  Smoke detectors installed to satisfy the requirements of this section shall bear the Underwriters' Laboratories (UL) listing mark and one of the following product names: single station smoke detector, single and/or multiple station smoke detector or single and/or multiple station smoke detector accessory.
(Ord. 96-13. Passed 6-10-96.)
   Section F-1601.1 Places of assembly:  (Added)
      Places of assembly shall comply with the provisions of N. F. P. A. National Fire Code Standard 101-79, Life Safety Code.
   Section F-1701.1 General: (Amended)
      Flammable and combustible liquids used or intended to be used as fuel for motor vehicles shall be stored in underground tanks on the premises in conformity with Article 29.  Flammable and combustible fuel may be stored in approved containers, inside a building, provided the total amount does not exceed ten gallons.
   Section F-1701.2 Permit required: (Added)
      A permit shall be required to install a tank for the storage of Class I, Class II or Class III liquids, as defined in Section F-201. 0.  The Fire Prevention Bureau shall be notified forty-eight hours before the above ground and complete system tests are to be performed.
   Section F-1706.0 SELF-SERVICE STATIONS (Added)
      Section F-1706.1 General: The standards for self-service filling stations shall be those listed in the National Fire Prevention Association's National Fire Codes, the 1979 edition.
      Section F-1706.2 Responsibility for emergencies: It shall be the responsibility of the operator of the filling station to see that all attendant employees are properly trained in handling emergencies of the flammable fuel type.
      Section F-1706.3 Responsibility for applicable codes: It shall be the responsibility of the operator of the filling station to see that all attendant employees read and are familiar with applicable codes and standards.
      Section F-1706.4 Equipment approval required: Equipment to convert to self-service or new equipment installed for the purpose of providing self-service shall be approved by a testing laboratory as listed in Section F-104.5.
      Section F-1706.5 Dispensing authorization required: Dispensing devices shall not be operated by the customer until activated by the attendant.  The attendant shall authorize each individual sale and shall activate the dispensing device only after such authorization.
      Section F-1706.6 Limitation of authorization: The attendant shall not authorize the dispensing of a motor fuel or other Class I liquid, as defined in Section F-201. 0, from a self-service dispenser until the attendant has ascertained that a Class I liquid can be safely dispensed.
   Section F-1707. 0 DISPENSING INTO PORTABLE CONTAINERS (Added)
      Section F-1707.1 General: No delivery of a Class I or Class H liquid, as defined in Section F-201. 0, shall be made into portable containers unless the container is constructed of metal or is approved by the Fire Official, has a tight closure and is fitted with a spout or so designed that the contents can be poured without spilling.
      Section F-1707.2 Marking required: No sale or purchase of a Class I, Class n or Class HI liquid shall be made in containers unless such containers are clearly marked with the name of the product contained therein.
   Section F-1708.0 NOTICE OF SPILLAGE OR LEAKAGE (Added)
      Section F-l708.1 General: The Fire Department shall be notified immediately of spillage or leakage of any quantity of flammable liquid.
      Section F-l 708.2 Responsibility: It shall be the responsibility of the management and the person in charge of an occupancy where flammable liquids are dispensed to serve the notice required by Section F-1708.1.
      Section F-1708.3 Suspension of operation: If a flammable liquid dispensing system, or any component of the system, is found to be leaking or suspected of leakage, the Fire Official shall require that the complete system be shut down and not operated until the tests for leakage, as required by Section F-2904.5, or as approved by the Fire Official, are performed.  No system found to be unsafe shall be operated until all repairs have been completed and the approval to resume operation has been given by the Fire Official.  If, in the opinion of the Fire Official, the testing or repairing operation may cause a hazard to the public, the Fire Official may order the suspension of all retail sales and deliveries at the affected occupancy.  He shall also order whatever other measures are deemed necessary, by him, to provide for the public safety.
   Section F-1709. 0 UNDERGROUND INVENTORIES (Added)
      Section F-l709.1 General: Inventory records for underground storage of flammable and combustible liquids are mandatory.
      Section F-1709.2 Inventory procedures:
         1.   Because tank and system leakage can first be detected by reference to daily inventory records, such daily inventory records shall be kept for each tank at each location by the operator.  Such records shall be available at the location for inspection at any time by a proper authority and shall cover at least ninety days prior to the date of inspection.
         2.   The inventory referred to in paragraph 1. hereof shall be based on the actual measurement of tank liquid levels daily.  The written record of such testing shall include a computation of daily gain or loss.  The operator of the location shall be responsible for taking action to correct any abnormal loss or gain not explainable by spillage, temperature variations or other causes.  Such abnormal loss or gain shall be reported promptly by the operator to the Fire Official.
         3.   The mere recording of pump meter readings combined in shipment records shall not constitute adequate inventory records for the purpose of this section.
      Section F-1709.3 Exemptions: The requirements for daily inventory records shall not apply in the following situations:
         1.   Daily inventories are not required to be maintained when an installation is not in operation, except that during such time an inventory must be taken at least once every seven days.
         2.   Daily inventories need not be maintained for storage tanks connected to oil burning equipment.
      Section F-1709.4 Daily requirements: Each day the operator shall:
         1.   Record all meter totalizer readings, immediately gage and record all tank measurements and balance the inventory and the product transferred;
         2.   Record and make adjustments for all transfers to the product occurring during the gaging period;
         3.   Retain all of the aforementioned records; and
         4.   Check all tanks for water. Experience will indicate whether daily water checks are required or if they can be made less frequently.  In any circumstances , the check must be made once a week. Tanks should be checked for water after a thaw and after a delivery.
   Section F-2501.10 Valves to be protected: (Added)
      All exposed cylinder valves shall be provided with protective caps to be secured while the cylinders are in transit for storage.
   Section F-2700.3.1 Liability insurance policy; coverage: (Added)
      No permit to do blasting shall be issued unless and until the applicant has deposited with the Municipality, in a form approved by the Director of Law, a liability insurance policy, the minimum requirements of which are as follows:
      1.   The policy shall state minimum coverages of five hundred thousand dollars ($500,000) per perpon and one million dollars ($1,000,000) per accident for bodily injury, including wrongful death.
      2.   The policy shall state a minimum coverage of five hundred thousand dollars ($500,000) for aggregate property damage.
      3.   Any blasting damage exclusion shall be eliminated from the policy by endorsement.  If the policy form does not contain such an exclusion, blasting damage losses shall be specifically insured by the policy itself or by proper endorsement thereto in an amount not less than the amount of coverage provided in paragraph 1. hereof.
      4.   The Municipality shall be named insured on the policy and ten days written notice of cancellation shall be given at any time during the period that the blasting operations are being carried on.
   Section F-2700.3.2 Additional regulations: (Added)
      The Fire Chief may prescribe reasonable rules and regulations regarding the use of explosives in addition to the provisions of this section and Article 27.  Such rules and regulations shall be so stated in the permit.  The Fire Chief or his authorized representative may suspend or revoke any permit forthwith, where any provision of this section or of Article 27, as aforesaid, or any rule or regulation is violated or where, in the interests of the protection of lives and property, it is deemed necessary.
   Section F-2700.3.3 Time limit; renewal: (Added)
      Every permit granted by the Fire Chief under the provisions of Article 27 shall be for such period as the Chief may determine, but in no case shall it exceed sixty days. The permit may, however, be renewed without additional fee for a period not to exceed sixty days.
   Section F-2700.3.4 Inspection; records; expenses: (Added)
      1.   When any permit is issued, the Fire Chief shall appoint an Inspector whose duty it shall be to inspect the premises where it is proposed that explosives be used and the surrounding neighborhood, and he shall enforce Article 27 and this section and the rules and regulations prescribed by the Fire Chief.
      2.   The Inspector shall keep a written record of each blast, which record shall include the date, time and location of the blast, the number of holes used, the spacing of the holes, the quantity of explosives used and such other items of information as may be pertinent.
      3.   The Inspector shall be paid compensation at the rate specified in the current pay ordinances.  The Municipality shall be entirely reimbursed for the compensation of the Inspector by the permit holder, and the Director of Finance and the Fire Chief shall require the deposit of a sum of money estimated by them to be necessary to pay the compensation of the Inspector before the issuance of any permit and before incurring any other expense in connection with the blasting except for the ordinary clerical expense involved in issuing the permit and maintaining a ledger on the operation, this expense being covered by the application fee as herein provided.
   Section F-2703.9 Overnight storage prohibited: (Added)
      The overnight storage of explosives in the City is prohibited.
   Section F-2707.6 Overnight storage prohibited: (Added)
      The overnight storage of blasting agents and supplies in the City is prohibited.
   Section F-2900.2 Permit Required: Paragraph 2. is amended to read as follows:
      2.   For the storage, handling or use of Class I liquids in excess of one gallon or Class II liquids in excess of five gallons in a dwelling or other place of human habitation, or in excess of ten gallons of Class I or Class n liquids in any other building or other occupancy.  The above ground storage of Class I or Class II liquids in excess of ten gallons is prohibited.  No permit shall be required for the following:
         a.   for the storage or use of flammable liquids in the fuel tank of a motor vehicle, when operated in the open air or garaged in a building constructed for that purpose; or
         b.   for the storage or use of paints, oils, varnishes or similar mixtures when such liquids are stored for painting or maintenance, or similar purposes upon the premises, and which are not stored for a period exceeding thirty days.
   Section F-2904.1.1 Special conditions: (Amended)
      The Fire Official may require greater separations or he may limit the storage capacity when the installation is subject to a severe exposure hazard or topographical conditions when necessary for the safety of the general public. Excavation for underground storage tanks shall be made with due care to avoid undermining the foundations of existing structures.  Underground tanks shall be so located with respect to existing building foundations and supports that the loads carried by the latter cannot be transmitted to the tank.  The distance from any part of a tank storing Class I liquids to the nearest property line, building wall, basement or pit shall be not less than twenty feet. The distance from any part of a tank storing Class n or HI liquids to the nearest wall, basement, pit or property line shall be not less than ten feet.  The maximum capacity of any individual tank for storing Class I liquids is 10,000 gallons.
   Section F-2904.5 Testing: (Added)
      6. Upon completion of an installation including all necessary accessories and paving, the system shall be hydrostatically tested with circulation and a statement of the validity of the test must be received by the Fire Official before the system is placed in operation.
      Section F-3103.1 General: Paragraphs 3. and 5. are amended to read as follows,-
         3. in industrial and temporary applications when in conformity with paragraph (G)(10) of Section F-2106.7.1 and Chapter 3 of NFiPA 58, the 1979 edition.
         5.  in storage awaiting use or resale if in accordance with Chapter 5 of NFiPA 58, the 1979 edition.
   APPENDIX B. Accepted Engineering Practice Standards. (Amended)
      The National Fire Protection Association (NFiPA) editions referred to in Appendix B shall be the 1979 editions (-79).
(Ord. 1980-40. Passed 9-22-80.)