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As used in the Codified Ordinances, unless otherwise expressly provided or the context otherwise requires:
(a) "And" may be read "or", and "or" may be read "and", if the sense requires it.
(b) "Another," when used to designate the owner of property which is the subject of an offense, includes not only natural persons but also every other owner of property.
(c) "Bond" includes an undertaking.
(d) "Child" includes child by adoption.
(e) "Council" means the legislative authority of the Municipality.
(f) "County" means the county or counties in which the Municipality is located.
(g) "Fire Chief" shall include the Chief of the Fire Department if such Fire Department has been established in the Municipality, and shall include the Fire Prevention Officer if no Fire Department has been established in the Municipality.
(h) "Imprisoned" shall have the same meaning as in Ohio R.C. 1.05.
(i) "Internet" means the international computer network of both federal and non-federal interoperable packet switched data networks, including the graphical subnetwork known as the world wide web.
(j) "Keeper" or "proprietor" includes all persons, whether acting by themselves or as a servant, agent, or employee.
(k) "Land" or "real estate" includes rights and easements of incorporeal nature.
(l) "Legislative authority" means the legislative authority of the Municipality.
(m) "May" is permissive.
(n) "Municipality" or "City," means the City of Newark, Ohio.
(o) "OAC" refers to the Ohio Administrative Code.
(p) "Oath" includes affirmation; and "swear" includes affirm.
(q) "Ohio R.C.," "ORC" or "Revised Code" refers to the Ohio Revised Code.
(r) "Owner," when applied to property, includes any part owner, joint owner, or tenant in common of the whole or part of such property.
(s) "Person" includes an individual, corporation, business trust, estate, trust, partnership, and association.
(t) "Personal property" includes all property except real property.
(u) "Plan of sewerage," "system of sewerage," "sewer," and "sewers" includes sewers, sewage disposal works and treatment plants, and sewage pumping stations, together with facilities and appurtenances necessary and proper therefor.
(v) "Premises," as applied to property, includes land and buildings.
(w) "Property" includes real, personal, mixed estates, and interests.
(x) "Public authority" includes boards of education; the Municipal, County, State, or Federal government, its officers, or an agency thereof; or any duly authorized public official.
(y) "Public place" includes any street, sidewalk, park, cemetery, school yard, body of water or watercourse, public conveyance, or any other place for the sale of merchandise, public accommodation, or amusement.
(z) "Real property" includes lands, tenements, and hereditaments.
(aa) "Registered mail" includes certified mail; and "certified mail" includes registered mail.
(bb) "Shall" is mandatory.
(cc) "Sidewalk" means that portion of the street between the curb line and the adjacent property line intended for the use of pedestrians.
(dd) "State" means the State of Ohio.
(ee) "Street" includes alleys, avenues, boulevards, lanes, roads, highways, viaducts, and all other public thoroughfares within the Municipality.
(ff) "Tenant" or "occupant," as applied to premises, includes any person holding a written or oral lease, or who actually occupies the whole or any part of such premises, alone or with others.
(gg) "Undertaking" includes a bond.
(hh) "Week" means seven consecutive days.
(ii) "Whoever"includes all persons, natural and artificial; partners; principals, agents, and employees; and all officials, public or private.
(jj) "Writing" includes printing.
(kk) "Written" or in "writing" include any representation of words, letters, symbols, or figures; this provision does not affect any law relating to signatures.
(ll) "Year" means twelve consecutive months.
(ORC 1.02, 1.05, 1.44, 1.59, 701.01)