§ 156.014  GENERAL REGULATIONS FOR VEHICLES.
   (A)   Off-street parking space regulations for automobiles.  Off-street parking space for automobiles shall be provided for all buildings and uses in accordance with the following regulations:
      (1)   General standards.  General standards for automobile off-street parking space are as follows:
         (a)   Off-street parking space shall be provided on the premises so that there will be no generation of automobile parking on any street.
         (b)   Off-street parking space shall be provided with vehicular access to a street or alley.
         (c)   All off-street parking space access points on a public street shall be subject to the following regulations:
            1.   There shall be only one (1) access point, not to exceed fifty (50) feet in width, or, two (2) access points, not to exceed thirty (30) feet in width each measured at the right-of-way line for commercial purposes, permitted on the public street on which the off-street parking space is located.  There shall be only one (1) access point, not to exceed twenty-six (26) feet in width; or two (2) access points, not to exceed twenty-four (24) feet in width each measured at the right-of-way line for residential purposes, permitted on the public street on which the off-street parking space is located.  The Board of Zoning Adjustments may, however, permit additional access points when such access points are justified and necessary and provided that the additional access points will not substantially increase traffic hazards or congestion.  The zoning official shall apply to the Board of Zoning Adjustments for a decision when permits are requested in such cases.
            2.   All off-street parking space access points on a public street shall be located at least ten (10) feet measured at the right-of-way line from the end of the radius point of intersecting streets (typical radius 25 feet) but shall not, however, be permitted to be located on the adjacent or intersecting street right-of-way.  The zoning official shall apply to the Board of Zoning Adjustments for an original interpretation whenever there is doubt concerning the radius points of intersecting streets or in cases where this provision cannot be applied literally.
            3.   All off-street parking space access points on a public street shall be located at least ten (10) feet apart (measured at the right-of-way line).
            4.   All off-street parking space points on a state or federal road or highway shall be approved by the Kentucky Department of Highways.  In such cases the applicant for a building permit shall provide the Zoning Official with written approval from the State Department of Highways prior to the issuance of a building permit.
         (d)   Off-street parking space shall be provided on the premises at the ratio of one hundred and eighty (180) square feet per parking space required excluding drive aisle.  Recommended actual 900 parking space size is 9 ft. x 20 ft. with 24 ft. aisle between spaces or an 18 ft. aisle for single row spaces.
         (e)   Parking, loading, and unloading space and access thereto shall be surfaced in a manner adequate to eliminate dust and mud. All residential driveways shall be paved with asphalt, concrete, brick or stone.
         (f)   In all business, multi-family, and professional office zones where required parking areas are provided for five (5) or more vehicles or contain more than 1,800 square feet of area or are enlarged or expanded to provide for five (5) or more vehicles or to contain more than 1,800 square feet of area, they shall be paved with an asphalt, concrete, brick or other properly bound surface, so as to be durable and dustless.  Each parking space shall be physically delineated on the surface of the parking area.  The developer shall have one (1) year from date of parking lot construction to complete the bound surface.
      (2)   Off-street parking standards.  The following standards comprise the minimum off-street parking requirements for the common types of buildings and uses listed:
 
Type of Use or Activity
Minimum Number of Spaces
Single Family Residential
2 for each dwelling unit
Multi-Family Residential 1 or 2 bedroom
2 for each dwelling unit
Multi-Family Residential 3+ bedrooms
2.5 for each dwelling unit
Boarding and Rooming houses
1 for every roomer or boarder
Dormitories, Fraternity or Sorority Houses
5 + 1 for every student
Motel, Hotels, or Tourist Homes
1.5 for every sleeping room or suite
Public Assembly, Institutions and Recreational Facilities
1 for every 4 persons
Community Centers, Theater, Auditorium and Religious Place of Worship
1 for every 4 seats
Convention Hall, Lodge, Club, Bar/Tavern, Library, Museum, Place of Amusement or Recreation
1 per 50 SF
Stadium or Sports Arenas
1 for every 5 seats
Hospitals, Sanitariums, Convalescent or Nursing Homes
1 for every 4 beds + 1 for each employee on max shift
Medical and Dental Clinics or Offices
5 for every doctor + 1 for each employee on max shift
Retail Sales and Consumer Service Business
1 per 250 SF
Funeral Homes or Mortuaries
1 for very 4 seats or 1 per 50 SF, whichever is greater
Office Building
1 per 350 SF
Industrial, Non-Retail Sales and Services and Laboratories
1 for every 2 employees on max shift
Food and Drink Establishment
1 for every 3 seats or 1 per 60 SF, whichever is greater
Shopping Centers, Mixed Use Developments and Planned Development Projects
As required for particular use as classified in table
Day-Care, Child-Care or Private School
1 for every employee + 1 for every 5 children
Photography, Art and Music Studio
1 per 400 SF
Convenience Stores with or without fuel stations
1 per 300 SF + 1 for every employee on max shift
 
      (3)   Interpretation of automobile off-street parking space required.  The Board of Adjustments shall interpret the amount of off-street parking space required for any building or use, assisted by the off-street parking standards.  In either case the zoning official shall apply to the Board of Zoning Adjustments for an original interpretation.
      (4)   Exception to automobile off-street parking space required on the premises.  If approved by the Board of Adjustments, off-street parking space required for any building or use may be located off the premises but within walking distance of 400 feet from the premises it serves or may be consolidated into a large parking area serving other buildings and uses.  The zoning official shall apply to the Board of Zoning Adjustments for a decision when building permits are requested in such cases.  The Board of Zoning Adjustments shall not authorize the total amount of parking space required for all buildings and uses to be diminished except in cases where a consolidated parking area serves buildings or uses which do not generate automobile parking at the same time such as churches and stores.  Total parking spaces in such cases may be diminished only to the maximum required by those buildings and uses which do generate the parking of automobiles at the same time.  The Board of Zoning Adjustments may require a plat, deed, and any other proof necessary to show that required parking space, if located off the premises it serves, is controlled by and available to the applicant for a building permit.  Such off-street parking space shall be maintained, required, and regulated as if it were actually located on premises of the permitted use it is designed to serve.
      (5)   Exception to automobile off-street parking space required in the B-3 Central Business District.  The Board of Zoning Adjustments may waive the requirement for automobile off-street parking space within the B-3 Business District provided the following determinations are made. The zoning official shall apply to the Board of Zoning Adjustments for a decision when building permits are requested in such cases.
         (a)   Construction of the required automobile off-street parking space on the premises would prevent the continuous development of a compact and coordinated row of commercial buildings fronting on an already established commercial block or shopping area.
         (b)   The required automobile off-street parking space cannot be reasonably provided off the premises in accordance with divisions (A) (3) and (5) hereof.
         (c)   The principal building and use proposed is not designed or oriented to providing sales or services to persons remaining in automobiles or similar vehicles.
         (d)   Construction of the required automobile off-street parking space would detract from the overall shopping desira-bility of the adjoining buildings and premises and would result in the incompat-ible mixing of vehicles, buildings, and pedestrian shoppers.
      (6)   Existing nonconforming automobile off-street parking space.  Existing off-street parking space provided for any building or use at the time of adoption of this chapter shall not thereafter be reduced unless it exceeds the requirements of this chapter.  Any existing building or use not provided with conforming off-street parking space shall be provided with off-street parking space in conformance with this chapter at the time of any structural alteration of the building or expansion of the use.
   (B)   Off-street loading and unloading space regulations for trucks.  All buildings and uses which generate regular trucking traffic shall be provided with sufficient off-street loading and unloading space on the premises so that they will generate no loading or unloading activity on their required parking spaces or on any street.  Space shall also be provided for the servicing of buildings by refuse collection, fuel, and other service vehicles.  Off-street loading and unloading spaces and service areas shall be adequate size and so arranged that they may be used without blockage or interference with the use of streets, accessways, or automobile parking facilities.  Loading and unloading space and service areas should be at least 65 feet in depth, 12 feet in width, with an overhead clearance of not less than 14 feet. All loading and unloading space and service areas shall be provided with access to a street or alley as well as appropriate maneuvering areas.  The Board of Zoning Adjustments shall interpret the amount of loading and unloading space required for any building or use whenever the zoning official is unable to apply this provision literally and applies to the Board of Zoning Adjustments for an original interpretation.
   (C)   Parking, loading and unloading zones.  Minimum required parking:  In every R-1 and R-2 zone, there shall be provided off-street parking space for each dwelling as specified in division (A) (2) (a) of this section; no such space shall be located within any required front yard and side street side yard unless it be in a paved area.
(Ord. 794, passed 12-22-83; Am. Ord. 90-925, passed 7-26-90; Am. Ord. 91-952, passed 7-25-91; Am. Ord. 92-977, passed 5-28-92; Am. Ord. 95-1070, passed 12-28-95; Am. Ord. 2001-1250, passed 7-26-01; Am. Ord. 2019-1789, passed 10-24-19)  Penalty, see § 156.999