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(Ord. C47-95. Passed 8-7-95; Ord. C17-04. Passed 3-1-04.)
(a) Residential Construction. New construction and substantial improvement of any residential structure shall have the lowest floor, including basement, elevated to or above the base flood elevation.
(b) Nonresidential Construction. New construction and substantial improvement of any commercials industrial or other nonresidential structure shall either have the lowest floor, including basement, elevated to the level of the base flood elevation; or, together with attendant utility and sanitary facilities, shall:
(1) Be floodproofed so that below the base flood level the structure is watertight with walls substantially impermeable to the passage of water to the level of the base flood elevation. In order to be eligible for lower flood insurance rates, the structure should be floodproofed at least one foot above the base flood elevation.
(Ord. C47-95. Passed 8-7-95.)
(2) Have structural components capable of resisting hydrostatic and hydrodynamic loads and effects of buoyancy; and
(3) Be certified by a registered professional engineer or architect that the design and methods of construction are in accordance with accepted standards of practice for meeting the standards of this subsection. Such certification shall be provided to the official as set forth in Section 1329.12(c).
(c) Accessory Structures. An exemption to the elevation or dry floodproofing standards may be granted for accessory structures, such as sheds or detached garages, containing 600 square feet or less in gross floor area. Such structures shall meet the encroachment provisions of Section 1329.22 and the following additional standards:
(1) They shall not be used for human habitation;
(2) They shall be constructed of flood resistant materials;
(3) They shall be constructed and placed on the building site so as to offer the minimum resistance to the flow of flood waters;
(4) They shall be firmly anchored to prevent flotation; and
(5) Service facilities such as electrical and heating equipment shall be elevated or floodproofed to or above the BFE.
(6) They shall meet the opening requirements of Section 1329.20(e).
(d) Manufactured Homes and Recreational Vehicles. The following standards shall apply to all new and substantially improved manufactured homes not subject to the manufactured home requirements of Ohio R.C. 3733.01:
(1) Manufactured homes shall be anchored in accordance with Section 1329.18(b)(2).
(2) Manufactured homes shall be elevated on a permanent foundation such that the lowest floor of the manufactured home is at or above the base flood elevation.
(3) These standards shall also apply to all recreational vehicles that are either (i) located on sites for 180 days or more, or (ii) are not fully licensed and ready for highway use.
(e) Enclosures Below the Lowest Floor. The following standards apply to all new and substantially improved nonresidential nonbasement structures which are elevated to the base flood elevation using pilings, columns or posts. Fully enclosed areas below the lowest floor that are useable solely for parking of vehicles, building access or storage in an area other than a basement and which are subject to flooding shall be designed to automatically equalize hydrostatic flood forces on exterior walls by allowing for the entry and exit of floodwaters. Designs for meeting this requirement shall:
(1) Be certified by a registered professional engineer or architect; or
(2) Meet or exceed the following criteria:
A. A minimum of two openings having a total net area of not less than one square inch for every square foot of enclosed area subject to flooding shall be provided; and
B. The bottom of all openings shall be no higher than one foot above grade. Openings may be equipped with screens, louvers, valves or other openings provided that they permit the automatic entry and exit of floodwaters.
(Ord. C3-94. Passed 1-18-94; Ord. C17-04. Passed 3-1-04.)