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MOTOR VEHICLES AND TRAFFIC
MOTOR VEHICLES AND TRAFFIC
GENERAL TRAFFIC REGULATIONS
GENERAL TRAFFIC REGULATIONS
6-1-1: Illinois Vehicle Code
6-1-3: Obedience To Authority
6-1-4: Traffic Control Signs And Signals
6-1-5: Animals Or Bicycles On Roadways
6-1-6: Exemptions From Regulations
6-1-9: Motor Driven Scooters; Restrictions On Use
A. Adoption: There is hereby adopted by reference the most current Illinois vehicle code, as may hereafter be amended from time to time, three (3) copies of which have been on file in the office of the village clerk for the time period provided by law. (Ord. O-49-10, 10-25-2010)
B. Penalty: Every person convicted of a violation of the Illinois vehicle code, incorporated by this section shall upon such conviction be fined as provided in the general penalty in section 1-3-1 of this code. (Village code § 19-98; amd. 2004 Code)
C. Specific Violations: The following violations of 625 Illinois Compiled Statutes, otherwise known as the Illinois vehicle code three (3) copies of which have been on file in the office of the village clerk for the period of time as prescribed by law, as presently enacted, or as may be amended from time to time, are hereby adopted by reference and shall qualify for administrative adjudication as described in this title:
625 ILCS 5/
Failure to transfer title within twenty (20) days
No valid registration - never applied
No bill of lading or manifest dispatch record
Failure to carry registration card or reciprocity permit -- second division vehicle
Improper display of license plates
Operation of vehicle with expired registration plate or sticker
Failure to notify the secretary of state of name/address change
Failure to immediately apply for replacement registration card, plate or sticker
No valid registration -- no valid plate or sticker obtained
No valid registration -- reciprocity, prorate or apportionment
No in-transit plates
Failure to display three tow-truck plates
Failure to display Illinois motor fuel tax identification card
Failure to display external Illinois motor fuel tax identification device
Operation of bicycle without lamp and reflector
Operation of vehicle with unsafe equipment
Operation of motorcycle without lighted headlamp
Driving vehicles without two lighted headlamps and tail lamps when required
Insufficient clearance, identification or side marker lamps and reflectors -- second division vehicle
Failure to use parking lights while vehicle is standing on highway
Improper lamp or flag on projecting load
Improper use of lamps on towing and towed vehicles
Improper use of more than one spot lamp
Improper use of more than three auxiliary driving lamps
No stop signal lamp or device
Defective backup lights
Failure to dim headlights/auxiliary driving lamps within 500 feet on approach of vehicle
Failure to dim headlights/auxiliary driving lamps within 300 feet of vehicle in same direction
Improper lighting on vehicles other than motorcycles - only one headlamp
Improper use of more than four lighted headlights/auxiliary driving lamps
Improper use of red light visible from front of vehicle
Unlawful use of flashing lights
Unlawful use of oscillating, rotating or flashing lights
Use of defective brakes
Unlawful use of metal studded tire
Use of unsafe tire
Operation of vehicle without windshield
Operation of vehicle without rear reflecting mirror
Obstructed view of windshield or side windows adjacent to driver
Obstructed view of any window by stationary or suspended object(s)
Operation of vehicle without windshield cleaning device; operation of vehicle with view obstructed by snow, ice or moisture
Obstructed view due to defective condition or repair of any window
Operation of vehicle with defective horn
Unlawful possession or use of siren
Operation of vehicle with defective or modified exhaust system
Operation of vehicle without two front seat safety belts -- vehicles of 1965 or later model years
Failure of driver/front seat occupants to use seat safety belt
Operation of vehicle with television receiver visible to driver
Operation of tow truck without:
a) Identifying sign attached on each side
b) Required equipment -- one broom, shovel, trash can and fire extinguisher
c) Removing roadway debris and spreading dirt or sand on oil/grease deposits
d) Insurance policy in cab
Operation of vehicle with unlawfully altered vehicle suspension system -- body lifted in excess of three inches from chassis
Operation of first division vehicle with frame in excess of 22 inches above ground
Operation of second division vehicle with frame in excess of specified limits above ground -- refer to statute
Operation of vehicle with a gross vehicle weight rating (GVWR) of 9,000 pounds or less or a recreational vehicle without two bumpers
Operation of vehicle with unlawful bumper height
Operation of second division vehicle without carrying flares/warning devices
12-702 (c, d,e,f,g)
Failure to use flares, warning devices when second division vehicle is disabled
Overloaded school bus, commuter van or motor vehicle used for hire
Operation of garbage truck, roll-off hoist or roll-on container without audible backing warning system
Failure to cover school bus sign
Operating school bus without fire extinguisher
Operating school bus without first aid kit
Transporting handicapped passenger(s) without restraining device
Operating without certificate of valid safety test attached to windshield -- second division vehicle
Failure to display valid unexpired emission inspection sticker (affected Illinois counties only)
Load projecting in any excess beyond left fenders or six inches beyond right fenders of first division vehicle
Failure to fasten loose projecting member
Failure to plank edge of pavement for any vehicle in excess of 8,000 pounds
Spilling load on highway
Operating loaded vehicle without securely fastened covering
Operating second division vehicle with load falling, blowing or dropping to highway
Unlawful pushing of disabled vehicle
Operation without registration -- intrastate or interstate
Operation without current cab car and Illinois identifier stamp
Use of a cab card and Illinois identifier stamp issued to another carrier
Failure to display to present a cab card and Illinois identifier stamp
Operation without trade name, license and registration number of carrier painted or affixed to both doors of power unit
Operation of all-terrain vehicle or off-highway motorcycle without valid registration
Operation of all-terrain vehicle or off-highway motorcycle without affixed registration decal
Operation of all-terrain vehicle without registration certificate in possession of operator
Failure to renew registration certificate
Operation of all-terrain vehicle or off-highway motorcycle with safety helmet and eye protection
Operation of all-terrain vehicle without headlamp and tail lamp when required
Operation of all-terrain vehicle without operational service brake
Operation of all-terrain vehicle without adequate muffler system
Operation of all-terrain vehicle with modified exhaust system
Operation of bicycle without lamp and reflector
Operation of motorized pedicycle without lamp and reflector
Operation of vehicle with unsafe equipment
625 ILCS 40/
Operation of unnumbered snowmobile
Operation of snowmobile without required:
a) One white headlamp during darkness
b) One rear taillight during darkness
c) Brake system in good mechanical condition
d) Reflective material on each side of cowling
e) Adequate sound suppression equipment
Operation of snow mobile without lighted headlamp and taillight
(Ord. O-7-92, 5-26-1992; amd. 2004 Code)
Whenever in this title the following terms are used, they shall have the meanings respectively ascribed to them in this section:
ALLEY: A public way within a block, generally giving access to the rear of lots or buildings, and not used for general traffic circulation.
BICYCLE: Any device propelled by human power upon which any person or persons may ride, having two tandem wheels, except scooters and similar devices.
BUSINESS DISTRICT: The territory within the village contiguous to and including a street or highway when within any six hundred feet (600') along such highway there are buildings in use for business or industrial purposes, including, but not limited to, hotels, banks or office buildings, railroad stations and public buildings which occupy at least three hundred feet (300') of frontage on one side or three hundred feet (300') collectively on both sides of the street or highway.
CROSSWALK: That portion of the roadway included within the prolongation of the sidewalk lines at street intersections.
DRIVER: Every person who drives or is in actual physical control of a vehicle.
EMERGENCY VEHICLE: Police vehicles, vehicles of the fire department, ambulances, vehicles carrying a state, county or municipal officer or employee in response to an emergency call, and emergency vehicles of public service corporations on an emergency call.
EXPLOSIVE: Any chemical compound or mechanical mixture that is commonly used or intended for the purpose of producing an explosion and which contains any oxidizing and combustive units or other ingredients in such proportions, quantities or packing that an ignition by fire, by friction, by concussion, by percussion or by detonator of any part of the compound of mixture may cause such a sudden generation of highly heated gases that the resultant gaseous pressures are capable of producing destructible effects on contiguous objects or of destroying life or limb.
FARM TRACTOR: Every motor vehicle designed and used primarily as a farm implement for drawing plows, mowing machines and other implements of husbandry.
FLAMMABLE LIQUIDS: Any liquid which has a flash point of seventy degrees Fahrenheit (70°F) or less, as determined by tabliabue or equivalent closed cup test device.
IMPROVED HIGHWAY: A roadway of concrete, brick, asphalt, macadam or gravel.
INTERSECTION: The area embraced within the prolongation of the property lines of two (2) or more streets which join at an angle, whether or not such streets cross.
LANED ROADWAY: A street, the roadway of which is divided into two (2) or more clearly marked lanes for vehicular traffic.
LOADING ZONE: The space adjacent to a curb reserved for the exclusive use of vehicles during the loading or unloading of passengers or materials.
MERGING TRAFFIC: A maneuver executed by the drivers of vehicles on converging roadways to permit simultaneous or alternate entry into the junction thereof, wherein the driver of each vehicle involved is required to adjust his vehicular speed and lateral position so as to avoid a collision with any other vehicle.
METAL TIRES: Every tire the surface of which in contact with the roadway is wholly or partially of metal or other hard, nonresilient materials.
MOTOR VEHICLE: Every vehicle which is self-propelled, and every vehicle which is propelled by electric power obtained from overhead wires, but not operated upon rails.
MOTORCYCLE: Every motor vehicle having a saddle for the use of the rider and designed to travel on not more than three (3) wheels in contact with the ground, but excluding a tractor.
PARK: To stand a vehicle, whether occupied or not, for a period of time greater than is reasonably necessary for the actual loading or unloading of passengers or persons.
PARKWAY: The area from the public sidewalk to the public street.
PEDESTRIAN: Any person afoot, including a person with a physical hearing or visual disability.
PNEUMATIC TIRE: Every tire in which compressed air is designed to support the load.
PROPERTY LINE: The line marking the boundary between any street and the lots or property abutting thereon.
PUBLIC BUILDING: A building used by the municipality, the county, any park district, school district, the state of Illinois or the United States government.
RIGHT OF WAY: The privilege of the immediate use of the roadway.
ROAD TRACTOR: Every motor vehicle designed and used for drawing other vehicles and not so constructed as to carry any load thereon either independently or any part of the weight of a vehicle or load so drawn.
SAFETY ZONE: That portion of a roadway reserved for the exclusive use of pedestrians, suitably marked or elevated.
SCHOOL BUS: Every motor vehicle of the second division operated by or for a public or governmental agency or by or for a private or religious organization solely for the transportation of pupils in connection with school activities.
SEMITRAILER: Every vehicle without motive power designed for carrying persons or property and for being drawn by a motor vehicle and so constructed that some part of its weight and that of its load rests upon or is carried by another vehicle.
SIDEWALK: That portion of a street between the curb line or roadway and the adjacent property line designated for pedestrian use.
SOLID TIRE: Every tire of rubber or other resilient material which does not depend upon compressed air for the support of the load.
STREET OR HIGHWAY: The entire width between property lines of each side or place of whatever nature when any part thereof is open to the use of the public as a matter of right, for the purpose of vehicular traffic and each way set aside for public travel by vehicles.
TRAFFIC: Pedestrians, ridden or herded animals, vehicles and other conveyances either singly or together while using any highway for the purpose of travel.
TRAILER: Every vehicle without motive power designed for carrying passengers or property and for being drawn by a motor vehicle and so constructed that no part of its weight rests upon the towing vehicle.
TRUCK: A motor vehicle designed, used or maintained primarily for the transportation of property.
TRUCK TRACTOR: Every motor vehicle designed and used primarily for drawing other vehicles and not so constructed as to carry a load other than a part of the weight of the vehicle and load so drawn.
UNPAVED SURFACE: Any land cover that does not have a cement or asphalt surface cover.
URBAN DISTRICT: The territory contiguous to and including any street which is built up with structures devoted to business, industry or dwelling houses situated at intervals of less than one hundred feet (100') for a distance of a quarter mile or more.
VEHICLE: Every device in, upon or by which any person or property is or may be transported or drawn upon a highway except devices moving by human power or used exclusively upon stationary rails or tracks.
YIELD RIGHT OF WAY: When required by an official sign means the act of granting the privilege of the immediate use of the intersecting roadway to traffic within the intersection and to vehicles approaching from the right or left, provided that when the roadway is clear the vehicle may proceed into the intersection. (Village Code § 19-1; amd. Ord. O-13-71, 10-11-1971; Ord. O-38-00, 9-25-2000; 2004 Code)
A. Police Officers: Members of the police department, and special police assigned to traffic duty, are hereby authorized to direct all traffic in accordance with the provisions of this title, or in emergencies as public safety or convenience may require, and it shall be unlawful for any person to fail or refuse to comply with any lawful order, signal or direction of a police officer. Except in case of emergency, it shall be unlawful for any person not authorized by law to direct or attempt to direct traffic. (Village Code § 19-2)
B. Scene Of Fire: The fire department officer in command, or any firefighter designated by him, may exercise the powers and authority of a police officer in directing traffic at the scene of any fire or where the fire department has responded to an emergency call for so long as fire department equipment is on the scene, in the absence of or in assisting the police. (Village Code § 19-3)
It shall be unlawful for the driver of any vehicle to disobey the instructions of any traffic sign or signal placed in view by authority of the village council or in accordance with the laws of the state of Illinois, excepting on direction of a police officer. All signs and signals established by direction of the governing body shall conform to the state manual of uniform traffic control devices for streets and highways. (Village Code § 19-4)
A. Traffic Control Signal Legend: Whenever traffic is controlled by traffic control signals exhibiting the words "go", "caution" or "stop", or exhibiting different colored lights successively the following colors only shall be used and said terms and lights shall indicate as follows:
1. Green alone or "go":
a. Vehicular traffic facing the signal may proceed straight through or turn right or left unless a sign at such place prohibits either such turn. But vehicular traffic shall yield the right of way to other vehicles and to pedestrians lawfully within the intersection at the time such signal is exhibited.
b. Pedestrians facing the signal may proceed across the roadway within any marked or unmarked crosswalk.
2. Yellow or "caution" when shown with or following the green or "go" signal:
a. Vehicular traffic facing the signal shall stop before entering the nearest crosswalk at the intersection, but if such stop cannot be made in safety, a vehicle may be driven cautiously through the intersection.
b. Pedestrians facing such signal are thereby advised that there is insufficient time to cross the roadway, and any pedestrian then starting across shall yield the right of way to all vehicles. (Village Code § 19-5)
3. Red alone or "stop":
a. Vehicular traffic facing the signal shall stop before entering the nearest crosswalk at an intersection or at such other point as may be indicated by a clearly visible line and shall remain standing until green or "go" or may turn right after stopping.
b. Such right turn option is prohibited at the streets listed in section 6-5-5 of this title. (Ord. O-6-74, 7-27-1974)
4. Red with green arrow:
a. Vehicular traffic facing such signal may cautiously enter the intersection only to make the movement indicated by such arrow but shall not interfere with other traffic or endanger pedestrians lawfully within a crosswalk.
b. No pedestrian facing such signal shall enter the roadway unless he can do so safely and without interfering with any vehicular traffic.
5. Yellow when shown with the red signal:
a. Vehicular traffic facing such signal shall not enter the nearest crosswalk at an intersection nor proceed beyond such other points as may be indicated by a clearly visible line while this signal is displayed, but is advised that another signal indication which will permit a traffic movement is about to be displayed.
b. No pedestrian facing such signal shall enter the roadway unless he can do so safely and without interfering with any vehicular traffic.
6. In the event an official traffic control signal or flashing red signal is erected and maintained at a place other than an intersection, the provisions of this section shall be applicable except as to provisions which by their nature can have no application. Any stop required shall be at a sign or marking on the pavement indicating where the stop shall be made, but in the absence of any such sign or marking, the stop shall be made at the signal. (Village Code § 19-5)
B. Flashing Signals: Whenever flashing red or yellow signals are used they shall require obedience by vehicular traffic as follows:
1. Flashing red (stop signal). When a red lens is illuminated by rapid intermittent flashes, drivers of vehicles shall stop before entering the nearest crosswalk at an intersection or at a limit line when marked, or if none, then before entering the intersection and the right to proceed shall be subject to the rules applicable after making a stop at a stop sign.
2. Flashing yellow (caution signal): When a yellow lens is illuminated with rapid intermittent flashes, drivers of vehicles may proceed through the intersection or past such signal only with caution. (Village Code § 19-6)
C. Unauthorized Signs: No person shall place, maintain or display upon or in view of any highway any unauthorized sign, signal, marking or device which purports to be or is an imitation of or resembles an official traffic control device or railroad sign or signal or which attempts to direct the movement of traffic, nor shall any person place, maintain or display upon or in view of any highway any other sign which hides from view or interferes with the movement of traffic or effectiveness of any traffic control device or any railroad sign or signal, and no person shall place or maintain nor shall any public authority permit upon any highway any traffic or signal bearing thereon any commercial advertising.
It shall be unlawful for any person to deface, injure, move or interfere with any official traffic sign or signal. Any such unauthorized device is hereby declared to be a nuisance, and may be removed by any police officer.
It shall be unlawful for any person to deface, injure, move or interfere with any official traffic sign or signal. (Village Code § 19-7)
Every person riding a bicycle or an animal, or driving any animal drawing a vehicle upon any street, shall be subject to the provisions of this title applicable to the driver of a vehicle, except those provisions which can have no application to one riding a bicycle or driving or riding an animal. Provided that, except in business districts, bicycles may be ridden on sidewalks. (Village Code § 19-8)
The provisions of this title regulating the movement or parking of vehicles shall not apply to the driver of any authorized emergency vehicle when responding to an emergency call, but such driver upon approaching a red or stop signal or any stop sign shall slow down as necessary for safety but may proceed cautiously past such red or stop sign or signal. At other times drivers of authorized emergency vehicles shall stop in obedience to a stop sign or signal 1 .
No driver of any authorized emergency vehicle shall assume any special privileges under the act except when such vehicle is operated in response to an emergency call or in the immediate pursuit of an actual or suspected violator of the law.
The provisions of this title regulating the movement and parking of vehicles shall not apply to equipment or vehicles and while actively engaged in installing, repairing or otherwise improving streets or street pavement. (Village Code § 19-9)
A. Right Of Way:
1. Where traffic control signals are not in place or in operation, the driver of a vehicle shall yield the right of way slowing down or stopping if need be, to a pedestrian crossing the roadway or street within any marked crosswalk or within any unmarked crosswalk.
2. Whenever stop signals or flashing red signals are in place at an intersection or a marked crosswalk between intersections the pedestrian shall have the right of way over drivers of vehicles; and at such marked places drivers of vehicles shall stop before entering the nearest crosswalk and any pedestrian within or entering the crosswalk at either edge of the roadway shall have the right of way over any vehicle so stopped.
3. The driver of a vehicle shall stop before entering any crosswalk when any vehicle proceeding in the same direction is stopped at such crosswalk for the purpose of permitting a pedestrian to cross. (Village Code § 19-52)
B. Pedestrians On Public Ways:
1. Crossing Roadways: At no place shall a pedestrian cross any roadway other than by the most direct route to the opposite curbing, and when crossing at any place other than a crosswalk he shall yield the right of way to all vehicles upon the roadway.
No person shall stand or loiter in any roadway other than in a safety zone, if such act interferes with the lawful movement of traffic. (Village Code § 19-53)
2. Signals: At intersections where traffic is directed by a policeman or by a stop and go signal, it shall be unlawful for any pedestrian to cross the roadway other than with released traffic, if such crossing interferes with the lawful movement of traffic. (Village Code § 19-54)
3. Standing On Sidewalk: It shall be unlawful for a pedestrian to stand upon any sidewalk except as near as reasonably possible to the building line or curb line, if such standing interferes with the use of said sidewalk by other pedestrians. (Village Code § 19-55)
4. Pedestrian Crossings:
a. Between adjacent intersections at which traffic control signals are in operation, pedestrians shall not cross at any place except in a crosswalk.
b. No pedestrian shall cross a roadway other than in a crosswalk in any business section. (Village Code § 19-56)
5. Walking Along Roadways:
a. Where sidewalks are provided it shall be unlawful for any pedestrian to walk along and upon an adjacent roadway.
b. Where sidewalks are not provided, any pedestrian walking along and upon a highway shall when practicable walk only on the left side of the roadway or its shoulder facing traffic, and upon meeting a vehicle shall step off to the left.
c. No person shall stand in a roadway for the purpose of soliciting a ride from the driver of any vehicle. (Village Code § 19-57)
C. Blind Pedestrians: Any blind person who is carrying in a raised or extended position a cane or walking stick which is white in color or white tipped with red, or who is being guided by a dog, shall have the right of way in crossing any street or highway, whether or not traffic on such street or highway is controlled by traffic signals, anything in this act to the contrary notwithstanding. The driver of every vehicle approaching the place where a blind person, so carrying such a cane or walking stick, or being so guided, is crossing a street or highway shall bring his vehicle to a full stop and before proceeding shall take such precautions as may be necessary to avoid injury to the blind person. The provisions of this section shall not apply to a blind person who is not carrying such a cane or walking stick or who is not guided by a guide dog when walking on streets, highways, or sidewalks. (Village Code § 19-58)
A. Liquor Or Drugs 2 : It shall be unlawful for the habitual user of narcotic drugs to operate any motor vehicle on any streets and it shall be unlawful for any intoxicated person or any person under the influence of alcohol or of a narcotic drug, to operate or attempt to operate any motor vehicles on any street. (Village Code § 19-90)
B. Accidents 3 : The driver of a vehicle which has collided with, or been in an accident with any vehicle, person or property in such a manner as to cause injury or damage shall stop immediately, and render such assistance as may be possible, and to give his true name and residence to the injured person or any other persons requesting the same on behalf of the injured persons or the owner of the property damaged, and to a police officer if one is present. A report of each such accident shall be given by the driver of each vehicle concerned in it to the chief of police within twenty four (24) hours after the accident. (Village Code § 19-91)
A. Definition: For purposes of this section, the term "motor driven scooters" is defined as any electric or gas driven wheeled scooter, cycle or other vehicle for which the state of Illinois does not issue a title document, and does not issue license plates or registration documents.
B. Prohibited Use: No person shall operate a motor driven scooter upon any public street, sidewalk, alleyway or bike path, or within any public parking lot or park, or on any other public property.
C. Exemptions: The following shall be exempt from the prohibitions contained in this section:
1. Any police vehicle, fire vehicle, municipal vehicle, special district vehicle, county vehicle or forest preserve district vehicle operated by an employee in the course of his or her duties.
2. Motorized wheelchairs. For purposes of this section, a "motorized wheelchair" means any motorized vehicle designated for and used by a person with disabilities.
3. Electric personal assistance mobility devices, as defined in section 5/1-117.7 of the Illinois vehicle code 4 .
D. Penalty: Any person who shall violate any of the provisions of this section shall be fined as provided in the general penalty section 1-3-1 of this code for each offense. (Ord. O-6-05, 2-14-2005)
1. See also section 6-3-7 of this title.
1. 625 ILCS 5/11-500.
2. 625 ILCS 5/11-401 et seq.
1. 625 ILCS 5/1-100 et seq.