1128.29   SPECIAL REQUIREMENTS FOR FACILITIES RELATED TO VEHICLES.
   Unless otherwise stated, this section shall apply to all vehicle body shops, vehicle fuel sales, vehicle sales, rental, or lease facilities, vehicle service and repair facilities, vehicle self-service stations/convenience stores, vehicle wash facilities and vehicle body shops.
   (a)   Purpose. It is the purpose of this section to require that uses focused around vehicles, as identified above, be designed, located, used and maintained so as not to create blight, pedestrian and vehicular traffic hazards, and not be detrimental to the development and redevelopment of surrounding areas. In addition, to:
      (1)   Promote an aesthetically pleasing environment for all new vehicle related facilities, generally;
      (2)   Reduce noise and visual impacts on abutting and proximate uses;
      (3)   Ensure adequate drainage, especially for vehicle wash facilities;
      (4)   Promote safer and more efficient on-site vehicular circulation;
      (5)   Locate certain facilities, especial vehicle sales, rental or lease facilities so that they are not the dominant land uses of primary commercial or retail corridors; and
      (6)   Implement the provisions of the City of Fairborn Comprehensive Land Use Plan.
   (b)   Plan Submission.
      (1)   The criteria listed in this chapter are to be used as guidelines in approving all principal permitted and conditional use vehicle sales and services, as defined in Chapter 1133: Definitions.
      (2)   The applicant shall submit for review to the Zoning Administrator copies of a site plan, drawn to scale as identified in the Meeting and Submittal Schedule Guidelines provided by the City, showing:
         A.   The proposed location, arrangement and dimensions of all buildings, vehicular entrances, exits and driveways and pedestrian walks.
         B.   The proposed location, arrangement and dimensions of off-street parking, circulation and loading areas, as regulated by Chapter 1130: Parking and Loading.
         C.   The location of existing buildings and other natural and man-made features on all property contiguous to the property in question including property across public streets.
         D.   Proposed screening, buffering, landscaping and fences, as regulated by Chapter 1129: Screening, Buffer Yard, Landscaping and Fences.
         E.   The location and direction of proposed outdoor lighting.
         F.   The location, size and height of all proposed signs as regulated by Chapter 1131: Signs.
         G.   The location and capacity of all proposed and existing storage tanks.
         H.   The location, capacity and screening plan for proposed outdoor storage of vehicles, as regulated by Section 1128.29(h): General Site Design Standards.
   (c)   Permitted and Prohibited Activities.
      (1)   No major repair work shall be performed in the open. "Major repair work" is defined as any work requiring two man-hours of effort. Examples of minor repair work permitted include fixing or replacing a tire, battery, headlight, or replacing fluids that do not require draining.  All repair work, excluding emergency service shall be conducted only between the hours of 7:00 a.m. and 10:00 p.m.
      (2)   There shall be no outdoor storage of dismantled, disabled, or inoperable vehicles, except as provided in the Fairborn Codified Ordinances Section 341.12(b) and Section 1128.29(h): General Site Design Standards and regulated by Chapter 1129: Screening, Buffer Yard, Landscaping and Fences. When a conditional use permit is required such storage shall be approved by the Planning Board prior to the issuance of any occupancy permits. All other outdoor storage, except as regulated by Section 1128.29(h): General Site Design Standards shall be prohibited.
      (3)   There shall be no rental of wheeled vehicles such as trailers, automobiles, and trucks, unless expressly permitted by the Planning Board.
   (d)   Accessory Uses Located on Same Lot as Vehicles Sales and Services.
      (1)   Off-street parking, circulation and loading shall be required as regulated by Chapter 1130: Parking and Loading.
      (2)   Accessory buildings and structures shall be permitted as regulated by Chapter 1128: Supplemental and Accessory Regulations.
      (3)   Signs shall be permitted as regulated by Chapter 1131: Signs.
      (4)   Outdoor lighting shall be permitted provided that all lighting fixtures shall be so placed or shielded that the lighting does not disturb adjoining properties.
      (5)   Screening, buffer yards, landscaping and fences shall be required as regulated by Chapter 1129: Screening, Buffer Yard, Landscaping and Fences. 
      (6)   Outdoor storage of vehicles shall be permitted as regulated by Section 1128.29(h): General Site Design Standards.
      (7)   Other uses clearly incidental and subordinate to the principal use and not otherwise prohibited shall be permitted.
   (e)   Height. No building or structure, except fuel dispenser canopies, shall be erected or altered to a height exceeding one story or 15 feet from grade.
   (f)   Prohibited Locations.
      (1)   Except for vehicle self-service stations/convenience stores, all vehicle sales and services shall be prohibited on a lot adjoining a Conservation, Suburban Residential, or Medium Density Residential Zoning District.
      (2)   Vehicle wash facilities shall be prohibited:
         A.   On a corner lot.
         B.   Within 300 feet of a residentially zoned or residentially used property.
         C.   Within 1,000 feet of a lot containing an existing and operational vehicle wash facility.
      (3)   A vehicle service and repair facility shall be prohibited within 1,000 feet of an existing and operational vehicle service and repair facility,
      (4)   A vehicle body shop shall be prohibited within 1,000 feet of an existing and operational vehicle body shop.
   (g)   Area Regulations.  Except as superseded by other sections of this Zoning Code the following area and yard requirements shall apply:
      (1)   No building or structure shall be erected or altered on a lot having an area of less than 20,000 square feet or upon a lot having a frontage on one street of less than 200 feet.
      (2)   There shall be a front yard having a depth of not less than 50 feet from the building line.
      (3)   Side yards of at least 20 are required, except on the side of a lot adjoining a dwelling district, in which case there shall be a side yard of not less than 40 feet.
      (4)   A rear yard of at least 15 feet is required, except where a lot abuts a dwelling district containing a dwelling, in which case there shall be a rear yard of not less than 30 in depth.
   (h)   General Site Design Standards.  All applicable facilities shall express architectural and design character which respect neighboring uses through adherence to the following standards:
      (1)   Design schemes, including materials and colors which are derived solely from corporate identities are discouraged.
         A.   Building elements shall not function as signage. Incorporation of franchise or business design elements unique or symbolic of a particular business shall be secondary to the overall architectural design.
         B.   Bold, brash, intense, fluorescent or metallic accent colors shall only be used in limited application.
      (2)   All building façades shall express a consistent architectural character, which respects the neighborhood fabric and maintains the continuity of the street. this is accomplished, in part, by ensuring the following features are consistent with the same or similar features found within proximate developments:
         A.   Building setback, height, width and general proportion;
         B.   Patterns of windows and doors; roof pitch, shutters, dormers, cornices, eaves and other decorative features; and
         C.   Building materials.
      (3)   Blank walls that are visible from streets are prohibited.  Façades devoid of openings, such as windows and transparent doors, shall not be permitted on the front façade. Façade openings, including windows, shall be vertical in orientation. Each storefront window panel shall not exceed an area of 21 square feet.
      (4)   Curbs and bollards shall be used to create a safe zone around fuel dispensers.
      (5)   Access points and driveways shall be planned and shared between properties to the greatest extent possible. There shall be no more than two access drives per street frontage.
      (6)   The circulation plan shall demonstrate continuous traffic flow with efficient, non-conflicting movement throughout the site. Conflicts between major pedestrian movement and vehicular circulation shall be minimized.
      (7)   Landscaping shall complement the existing streetscape to connect the site to the surrounding environment.
      (8)   Site furniture may be incorporated in the design of all applicable facilities. This includes, but is not limited to bicycle racks, trash receptacles, and benches. The style and quality of the site furniture shall compliment the overall design of the principal building.
      (9)   Fuel dispenser support structures or islands shall only include fuel dispensers, trash receptacles, pay stations, canopy supports, safety bollards and merchandise as regulated by Subsection 1128.29(h)(10).
      (10)   All merchandise and material for sale except vehicles, dispensed fuel, motor oil and similar vehicle maintenance fluids and incidental supplies shall be displayed within an enclosed building.
         A.   Maintenance fluids and incidental supplies may be displayed outdoors, however, such displays shall only occur in outdoor racks or compartments located on or proximate to fuel dispensing islands.
         B.   In no case shall merchandise such as fertilizer, mulch, plants, salt and similar products sold in bulk be displayed or sold, except within an enclosed building.
         C.   Wash facilities shall have no more than five façade mounted machines for the distribution of change, tokens and incidental vehicle cleaning supplies.
      (11)   All cash dispensing ATMs shall be located within the building. 
      (12)   Permitted outdoor storage of motor vehicles as regulated by Section 341.12(b) and outdoor areas or containers holding or storing trash, garbage, recycled or reused materials shall be properly screened from adjoining properties, streets and other public areas as regulated by Chapter 1129: Screening, Buffer Yard, Landscaping and Fences. 
      (13)   All trash containers required shall be constructed and finished to match the design, material, texture and color of the predominate building façade.
      (14)   Drive-up windows and drive through buildings, excluding bays and similar building openings used for vehicle washing, maintenance and repair, shall be prohibited.
      (15)   Except as permitted in Subsection 1128.29(h)(10) above, outdoor vending machines shall be prohibited.
      (16)   Detached accessory buildings and structures are discouraged.  When permitted, they shall only be located in a rear yard; be compatible with principal building placement, design, materials, detail, color; and comply with all other applicable general site design standards of this section.
      (17)   Rest rooms shall only be accessible from the building interior.
      (18)   All rooftop equipment shall be screened from public view.
   (i)   Specific Site Design Standards for Vehicle Wash Facilities.
      (1)   Vehicle wash facilities shall have a minimum lot size of 40,000 square feet.
      (2)   Accessory equipment, such as vacuum facilities, shall have a minimum front yard setback of 20 feet.
      (3)   To the extent practicable, the sides of wash bays shall be sited parallel to the front lot line, so that lot frontage is minimized and wash activities are not visible from the public right-of-way.
      (4)   All wash bays and other building openings shall be capable of being completely enclosed and secured when not in operation.
      (5)   In addition to the off-street parking requirements of Chapter 1130: Parking and Loading, each motor vehicle wash bay shall have the following stacking capacity for vehicles waiting to be serviced:
         A.   Three stacking spaces for each bay in a self-service vehicle wash facility; and
         B.   Six stacking spaces for each in-bay automatic or conveyor vehicle wash facility.
   (j)   Specific Site Design Standards for Vehicle Sales, Rental or Lease.
      (1)   Vehicle sales, rental or lease Facilities shall have a minimum lot size of 40,000 square feet.
      (2)   Floor space dedicated to general vehicle repair, body work and related vehicle services shall be incidental and subordinate to the vehicle sales, rental or leasing activities.
      (3)   No repair or servicing of trucks in excess of one and one-half ton capacity or industrial equipment of any type or character shall be permitted.
      (4)   All repaired or serviced vehicles waiting for customer pick-up shall be parked on-site and not within public rights-of-way.
      (5)   Any damaged, wrecked, unlicensed or junk motor vehicle shall not be stored on-site for purposes other than repair.
      (6)   All repair and service activities shall be conducted within an enclosed structure.
         A.   All hydraulic hoists and pits, and all other equipment used for greasing, lubrication, repairs and services shall be conducted completely within an enclosed structure.
         B.   All structures, whole or part, used for vehicle repair and services shall be constructed, located and used in a manner not to exceed maximum permitted vehicle noise levels as regulated by Chapter 551 of the Fairborn Codified Ordinances.
   (k)   Specific Site Design Standards for Vehicle Repair Garages and Body Shops.
      (1)   Motor Vehicle Repair Garages and Body Shops shall have a minimum lot size of 40,000 square feet.
      (2)   All repaired or serviced vehicles waiting for customer pick-up shall be parked on-site and not within public rights-of-way.
      (3)   Any damaged, wrecked, unlicensed or junk motor vehicle shall not be stored on- site for purposes other than repair.
      (4)   All repair and service activities shall be conducted within an enclosed structure.
         A.   All hydraulic hoists and pits, and all other equipment used for greasing, lubrication, repairs and services shall be conducted completely within an enclosed structure.
         B.   All structures, whole or part, used for vehicle repair and services shall be constructed, located and used in a manner not to exceed maximum permitted vehicle noise levels as regulated by Chapter 551.
   (l)   Specific Site Design Standards for Fuel Dispensers and Canopies.
      (1)   Fuel dispensers and support structures or islands not located within an enclosed building shall be set back at least 25 feet from any property line.
      (2)   Canopies shall:
         A.   Be set back 15 feet from the public right of way measured horizontally from any part of the structure including overhang;
         B.   Not exceed 18 feet in height from grade.
         C.   Meet the applicable general site design standards of Section 1128.29(h): General Site Design Standards.
   (m)   Curb Cuts. Curbs shall be required on all streets providing access to the site.  No use shall have more than two curb cuts on any one street. The location and angle of an approach in relation to an adjacent highway intersection shall be such that a vehicle entering or leaving the site may turn out of or into the nearest lane of traffic moving in the desired direction and be channeled within this lane before entering the intersection or proceeding along the highway.  Applicants are encouraged to develop innovative design proposals. The Planning Board and Council will consider the modification of some of the above requirements if it is felt that such innovative design will promote the public safety and welfare.
      (Ord. 34-17.  Effective 12-7-17.)