§ 7.3 USE SPECIFIC STANDARDS.
   Use specific standards are the requirements applied to individual use types regardless of the zoning district where they are located, or the review procedure under which they are approved. This section is intended to list the use specific standards for all principal uses identified in the use tables. These standards may be modified by other applicable requirements in this ordinance.
   7.3.1   Residential uses.
      (A)   Household living.
         (1)   Duplex dwelling.
            (i)   The minimum lot size for a duplex dwelling is 150% of the minimum lot size of the district in which it is located.
            (ii)   The minimum lot width for a duplex dwelling is 150% of the minimum lot width of the district in which it is located.
            (iii)   No more than one duplex dwelling may be established on a single lot.
            (iv)   All mechanical equipment must be located at the side or rear of the structure and screened from public view.
            (v)   Each unit in a duplex must be served by an individual driveway with a minimum separation of at least 30 feet between the interior edges of the driveways.
            (vi)   Any parking area exceeding the width of a standard residential driveway must be located at the rear of the structure.
         (2)   Manufactured home. All manufactured homes must comply with the following standards:
            (i)   The manufactured home must meet or exceed the construction standards promulgated by the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development that were in effect at the time of its construction;
            (ii)   The manufactured home has a length not exceeding four times its width, with length measured along the longest axis and width measured at the narrowest part of the other axis;
            (iii)   The manufactured home has a minimum of 1,200 square feet of enclosed and heated living area;
            (iv)   The exterior siding consists predominantly of vinyl or aluminum horizontal lap siding (whose reflectivity does not exceed that of gloss white paint), wood, or hardboard, comparable in composition, appearance, and durability to the exterior siding commonly used in standard residential construction;
            (v)   The manufactured home shall be set up in accordance with the standards set by the state’s Department of Insurance;
            (vi)   The front entrance to the manufactured home has stairs and a porch, the porch being at least four feet by six feet in size. Stairs, porches, and entrance platforms, ramps, and other means of entrance and exit to and from the home shall be installed or constructed in accordance with the state’s Building Code;
            (vii)   The pitch of the roof of the manufactured home shall have a minimum vertical rise of three feet for each 12 feet of horizontal run and the roof is finished with a type of composition shingle that is commonly used in standard residential construction;
            (viii)   The roof eaves and gable overhangs shall be 12-inch minimum (rain gutters may be included in the minimum dimensions);
            (ix)   Each manufactured home shall only be used for single-family occupancy;
            (x)   All manufactured homes shall comply with the Federal Housing Administration requirements relative to tie downs; and
            (xi)   The moving hitch, wheels, and axles shall be removed and the transporting lights shall be removed.
            (xii)   A permanent masonry foundation or masonry curtain wall, unpierced except for required ventilation and access, shall be installed under the perimeter of the manufactured home; and
            (xiii)   The electrical meter servicing the manufactured home shall be mounted (attached) directly to the manufactured home.
         (3)   Multi-family dwelling.
            (i)   Internal separation. Structures must be separated by a minimum of 20 feet.
            (ii)   Setbacks. One story structures must be set back at least 25 feet from all adjoining property lines and multiple story structures must be set back an additional ten feet per story. A minimum ten-foot setback is required from all vehicle parking areas and a 15-foot setback is required from internal driveways. No multi-family structure shall front directly on a public street.
            (iii)   Access. Multi-family developments must have direct access to a thoroughfare or collector street.
            (iv)   Parking areas. No parking area may be located within any required setback.
         (4)   Townhouse dwelling.
            (i)   Maximum number of units per structure. No more than six dwelling units are allowed per individual structure.
            (ii)   Internal separation. Structures must be separated by a minimum of 20 feet.
            (iii)   Setbacks. One story structures must be set back at least 25 feet from all adjoining property lines and multiple story structures must be set back an additional ten feet per story. Where individual driveways are not used, a minimum ten-foot setback is required from all vehicle parking areas. Townhouses located on internal driveways must maintain a 15-foot setback from the edge of pavement. Where townhouses are established along a public street, they must meet the front setback requirement for the district in which they are located.
            (iv)   Access. Multi-family developments must have direct access to a thoroughfare or collector street. Townhouses along public streets may not have individual access points.
            (v)   Parking areas. No parking area may be located within any required setback.
         (5)   Temporary health care residence.
            (i)   Pursuant to G.S. § 160D-915, temporary health care residences as defined in Article 17 of this LDO shall be allowed in any single-family residential zoning district on lots zoned for single-family detached dwellings.
            (ii)   A temporary family health care structure used by a caregiver in providing care for a mentally or physically impaired person on property owned or occupied by the caregiver as the caregiver's residence shall be considered as a permitted accessory use in any single-family residential zoning district on lots zoned for single-family detached dwellings.
            (iii)   A temporary family health care structure used by an individual who is the named legal guardian of the mentally or physically impaired person shall be considered a permitted accessory use in any single-family residential zoning district on lots zoned for single-family detached dwellings in accordance with this section if the temporary family health care structure is placed on the property of the residence of the individual and is used to provide care for the mentally or physically impaired person.
            (iv)   Only one temporary family health care structure shall be allowed on a lot or parcel of land. The temporary family health care structures under subsections (i) and (ii) of this section shall not require a special use permit or be subjected to any other local zoning requirements beyond those imposed upon other authorized accessory use structures, except as otherwise provided in this section. Such temporary family health care structures shall comply with all setback requirements that apply to the primary structure and with any maximum floor area ratio limitations that may apply to the primary structure.
            (v)   Any person proposing to install a temporary family health care structure shall first obtain a permit from the town.
            (vi)   Placing the temporary family health care structure on a permanent foundation shall not be required or permitted.
            (vii)   Notwithstanding subsection (i) of this section, any temporary family health care structure installed under this section may be required to connect to any water, sewer, and electric utilities serving the property and shall comply with all applicable state law, local ordinances, and other requirements as if the temporary family health care structure were permanent real property.
            (viii)   No signage advertising or otherwise promoting the existence of the temporary health care structure shall be permitted either on the exterior of the temporary family health care structure or elsewhere on the property.
            (ix)   Any temporary family health care structure installed pursuant to this section shall be removed within 60 days in which the mentally or physically impaired person is no longer receiving or is no longer in need of the assistance provided for in this section. If the temporary family health care structure is needed for another mentally or physically impaired person, the temporary family health care structure may continue to be used or may be reinstated on the property within 60 days of its removal, as applicable.
            (x)   The town may revoke the permit granted pursuant to subsection (v) of this section if the permit holder violates any provision of this section.
            (xi)   Temporary family health care structures shall be treated as tangible personal property for purposes of taxation.
      (B)   Group living.
         (1)   Group homes and halfway houses. Group homes and halfway houses may only be established in locations that are at separated by a distance of at least 2,600 feet (approximately one-half mile) from any other group home or halfway house.
         (2)   Rooming houses. A rooming house shall comply with the following standards:
            (i)   No more than five renters shall be permitted at any one time;
            (ii)   The owner shall maintain the house as their primary residence;
            (iii)   Sleeping rooms in a rooming house shall:
               (a)   Not include individual kitchen facilities; and
               (b)   Be accessed via a common room or hallway, and shall not have individual access to the outside (except for emergency exits).
   7.3.2   Institutional uses.
   (A)   Cemetery. A cemetery as a new use shall have a minimum size of three acres, and no wall, marker, or grave site shall be located within 25 feet of a street right-of-way or adjacent lot under separate ownership.
   (B)   Utilities.
      (1)   Major utility. Any major utility under private ownership shall require approval of a special use permit.
      (2)   Telecommunications facility; collocation on an existing tower. A telecommunications facility may be collocated on an existing tower only if it complies with the following standards.
         (i)   It is demonstrated the tower can accept the additional loading created by the collocation.
         (ii)   A tower which is modified or reconstructed to accommodate the collocation of an additional antenna shall be of the same tower type as the existing tower, unless a monopole is determined more appropriate at the specific location.
         (iii)   All ground-based equipment shall comply with the landscaping and security fencing requirements for freestanding telecommunications facilities in division 7.3.2(B)(3)(viii).
      (3)   Telecommunications facility, freestanding. New freestanding telecommunications facilities shall comply with the standards in this division 7.3.2. These regulations shall not apply to noncommercial amateur/ham radio towers.
         (i)   Special use permit required.
            (a)   All new freestanding telecommunications facilities shall obtain a special use permit.
            (b)   Applicants for a new freestanding telecommunications facility shall clearly demonstrate that a stealth facility is not a viable option.
            (c)   Any improvement or replacement of an existing freestanding telecommunications facility shall require approval of a special use permit in accordance with the standards in this section. Routine maintenance shall be exempted from this requirement.
         (ii)   Collocation required. It is the intent of the town to encourage providers to collocate facilities in an effort to reduce the number of telecommunication towers in the town’s zoning jurisdiction. New freestanding telecommunications facilities shall be subject to the following requirements.
            (a)   No new freestanding telecommunications facility may be located within 3,000 linear feet (as measured using the shortest straight line distance) of an existing water tower, power transmission tower, or similar feature unless the applicant can demonstrate that collocation was pursued but rejected by the owner of the existing water tower, power transmission tower, or similar feature.
            (b)   No freestanding telecommunications facility may be located within 1,500 linear feet of an existing freestanding telecommunications facility unless the applicant can demonstrate that collocation is not a viable option.
            (c)   The town may require, as a condition of approval, telecommunication service providers to notify other telecommunication service providers of the fact that space on a new freestanding telecommunications facility is available on a lease basis, and to negotiate in good faith with other providers to provide space on existing freestanding telecommunication facilities at a reasonable lease cost.
         (iii)   Design.
            (a)   All telecommunication towers shall be of a monopole design and construction.
            (b)   The town may require the freestanding telecommunications facility be camouflaged to blend with its surroundings through creative placement, painting, or other approaches.
         (iv)   Maximum height.
            (a)   The maximum height of all wireless communication towers shall be 199 feet.
            (b)   No variance to the maximum height shall be granted by the Board of Adjustment unless the applicant can demonstrate the maximum height requirement inhibits the provision of adequate service levels. In no case shall a variance allow a tower to exceed 230 feet in height.
         (v)   Location and setbacks.
            (a)   New freestanding telecommunications facilities shall be setback from all lot lines a distance equal to the collapse area or fall zone of the tower in order to prevent encroachment onto adjoining properties in the event of a collapse or structural failure. The facility’s fall zone shall be determined by an engineer certified in North Carolina in a letter which includes the engineer’s signature and seal.
            (b)   When located on a lot within a Residential Base Zoning District, the new freestanding telecommunications facility may only be located to the rear of the principal structure(s).
            (c)   When located on a lot within a nonresidential district, the new freestanding telecommunications facility shall be located to the side or rear of the principal structure.
            (d)   When the new freestanding telecommunications facility is the principal use on a lot, it shall be located to minimize the visibility of the ground-based equipment from residential uses and street rights-of-way.
         (vi)   Federal radio frequency emission standards compliance. Applicants for a new freestanding telecommunications facility shall provide documentation that the proposed facility will comply with all federal radio frequency emission standards.
         (vii)   Design of accessory structures. All ground-based accessory structures shall use the same materials and architectural components of the principal use on the site and shall be designed to resemble the basic architecture of surrounding structures to the maximum extent practicable. In cases where the facility is not the sole use of land, the equipment shall be located within an existing structure to the maximum extent practicable.
         (viii)   Screening required.
            (a)   All sides of the perimeter of the freestanding telecommunications facility shall be screened with a 100% opaque screening device.
            (b)   In addition to required landscape screening, a minimum eight-foot-high fence is required around the base of the facility (and any equipment buildings(s), with the required landscape screening to be located on the outside of the fenced area. It shall be the responsibility of the provider or land owner to keep all landscape material free from disease and properly maintained. Any vegetation that constitutes part of the screening shall be replaced if it dies.
         (ix)   Evidence of no negative impact required. Telecommunication towers can be denied on the basis of negative influence on property values or on aesthetic concerns provided that there is evidence to demonstrate the impact on adjacent property owners will be significant. Decision makers must clearly state the reasoning and available evidence of the impact on adjacent property values if the request is denied on this basis.
         (x)   Lighting of freestanding telecommunications facilities.
            (a)   Applicants for new freestanding telecommunications facilities intended to include obstruction lighting shall provide documentation from the Federal Aviation Administration or other appropriate agency that obstruction lighting is required.
            (b)   Exterior lighting of accessory structures or equipment areas shall be equipped with motion detectors or other appropriate devices intended to prevent the area from being illuminated for long periods of time while not being serviced or maintained. Such exterior lighting shall be shielded and directed away from residential uses and street rights-of-way.
         (xi)   Removal due to abandonment. Freestanding telecommunications facilities and related equipment shall be removed if abandoned or no longer used for its original intent for a period greater than 365 consecutive days.
         (xii)   Signage. Freestanding or attached signs are prohibited. Wall signs limited to identification are allowed on equipment structures or fences surrounding the facility, provided each individual sign does not exceed nine square feet in size. Any signage must be specifically addressed during the special use permit review process.
         (xiii)   No outdoor storage. Outdoor storage is prohibited.
         (xiv)   Application content. All applications for a new freestanding telecommunications facility shall include all the following information in addition to any other required information:
            (a)   Identification of intended providers(s);
            (b)   Documentation by a registered engineer that the facility has sufficient structural integrity to accommodate more than one user, if applicable;
            (c)   A statement from the owner indicating intent to allow shared use of the facility and how others will be accommodated, if applicable;
            (d)   Evidence that the owners of residentially-zoned land within 300 feet of the site have been notified regarding the proposed facility height and design; and
            (e)   Documentation of an intended facility structural failure collapse area, if applicable.
      (4)   Solar farm.
         (i)   Provide a Type B buffer strip around the solar farm.
         (ii)   Provide a decommissioning plan for the property signed by the owner of the solar farm, the land owner, and which is acceptable to the Ordinance Administrator, that includes, at a minimum, the following provisions.
            (a)   Decommissioning will occur as a result of any of the following conditions:
               1)   The land lease, if any, ends;
               2)   The system does not produce power for 12 months; or
               3)   The system is damaged and will not be repaired or replaced.
            (b)   The owner of the solar farm, or in the absence of the owner of the solar farm, the owner of the property (the “responsible person”) will be responsible for decommissioning.
            (c)   The responsible person will do the following as a minimum to decommission the project:
               1)   Remove all non-utility owned equipment, conduits, structures, fencing, and foundations to a depth of at least three feet below grade;
               2)   Remove all graveled areas and access roads unless the owner of the leased real estate requests in writing for it to stay in place;
               3)   Restore the land to a condition reasonably similar to its condition before solar farm development;
               4)   Revegetate any cleared areas with warm season grasses that are native to the region, unless requested in writing by the owner of real estate not to revegetate; provided, however, the property must meet all applicable stormwater, erosion control, and other environmental standards following decommission; and
               5)   All decommissioning will be completed within 12 months of the first to occur of the events specified in division 7.3.2(B)(4)(ii)(a) above.
         (iii)   The decommissioning plan shall be included as an exhibit to the special use permit. Any changes to the decommissioning plan must be executed by the same parties as the original decommissioning plan, approved by the Ordinance Administrator, and recorded by the town in the office of the County Register of Deeds at the expense of the owner of the solar farm. Where there is no change to the decommissioning plan but ownership of the solar farm changes, the existing owner of the solar farm will notify the Ordinance Administrator of the change in ownership prior to the change of ownership taking effect and a notice of the new owner of the solar farm will be recorded by the town at the expense of the owner of the solar farm.
         (iv)   Solar panels will be limited to a maximum of ten feet in height.
         (v)   For the purposes hereof, the owner of the solar farm shall be:
            (1)   The person leasing the land upon which the solar farm is located; or
            (2)   Where the land upon which the solar farm is located is not leased, the owner of the land upon which the solar farm is located.
   7.3.3   Commercial uses.
   (A)   Adult entertainment. Adult entertainment establishments, as defined in the G.S. § 160A-181.1, are recognized as having certain serious objectionable operational characteristics upon adjacent residential neighborhoods, religious institutions, or educational facilities. Special regulation of these uses is necessary to ensure that their adverse effects do not contribute to degradation or decline of surrounding areas. Adult entertainment uses shall be subject to the following separation distances.
      (1)   Minimum separation required.
         (i)   No adult entertainment establishment shall be located within 500 linear feet of any residential zoning district or residential use.
         (ii)   No adult entertainment establishment shall be located within 500 linear feet of any religious institution, any public or private elementary school, middle school, high school, or daycare.
         (iii)   No adult entertainment establishment may be established within 1,000 feet of any other adult entertainment establishment.
      (2)   Additional standards.
         (i)   Adult entertainment uses shall be constructed of all brick and shall bear the appearance of a professional place of employment.
         (ii)   No adult establishment shall front on an arterial or major thoroughfare.
         (iii)   Free standing signage shall be limited to one monument sign constructed of brick to match the principal structure. The monument shall not exceed six feet in height with a maximum copy area not to exceed 20 square feet.
         (iv)   Wall signage shall be limited to 5% of the front facade.
         (v)   Sign copy shall be limited to the name of the establishment only.
         (vi)   All signage, if lighted, shall be internally lighted.
         (vii)   Neon colors and lights shall be prohibited on the exterior of the building, on the monument, and all exteriors doors and windows.
         (viii)   There shall be a window or functional articulation for 25% of the front facade and 10% for each side facade.
         (ix)   All parking shall be on the side or rear of the building and shall provide a five-foot wide planting strip around the perimeter of the parking area with evergreen shrubs (minimum two gallon in size at planting) planted five feet off center.
         (x)   A Type C buffer strip shall be established along all side and rear property lines.
   (B)   Animal care.
      (1)   Commercial kennel, outdoor. Outdoor kennels shall comply with the following requirements:
         (i)   Minimum lot size. Outdoor kennels shall have a minimum lot size of five acres for the housing of one to ten animals. For each acre above five acres provided, an additional seven animals may be housed on the site, up to 45 animals.
         (ii)   Additional standards.
            (a)   Outdoor kennels shall maintain a minimum setback of 500 linear feet from any residential use on a different lot.
            (b)   All structures associated with an outdoor kennel shall maintain a minimum setback of 150 feet from all lot lines.
            (c)   Outdoor kennels shall maintain sewage disposal system and sanitation control methods as approved by the Granville-Vance District Health Department, including, but not limited to, the sanitary removal or disposal of solid waste, carcasses, or any other similar items.
   (C)   Hotel and motel.
      (1)   Bed and breakfast inns.
         (i)   Bed and breakfast inns shall be limited to lots fronting thoroughfares or collector streets, and shall only be located in a structure which was originally constructed as a single-family dwelling.
         (ii)   Single-family homes used as a bed and breakfast inn shall not subdivide existing rooms into individual sleeping rooms smaller than 120 square feet in size.
         (iii)   A bed and breakfast inn shall be owner-occupied.
         (iv)   All guest parking shall be to the rear of the home, and shall include at least one off-street parking space per sleeping room.
         (v)   The number of sleeping rooms shall be limited to a maximum of six.
         (vi)   There shall only be one kitchen facility, and all meals served on the premises shall be for overnight guests.
   (D)   Recreation, indoor.
      (1)   Indoor equine stable/riding academy. Stables shall maintain a minimum setback of 50 linear feet from any residential use on a different lot.
   (E)   Recreation, outdoor. Outdoor recreation facilities are encouraged to be built adjoining school campuses, parks, greenbelts, parkways, and greenways, and shall be subject to the following requirements:
      (1)   Outdoor equine stable/riding academy. Stables shall maintain a minimum setback of 50 linear feet from any residential use on a different lot.
      (2)   Athletic fields and clubhouses.
         (i)   All athletic fields and clubhouses shall be setback at least 50 feet from any adjacent residential use on a different lot.
         (ii)   Athletic fields that include exterior lighting facilities shall be subject to the requirements in § 8.3, Outdoor Lighting.
      (3)   Swimming pools.
         (i)   All swimming pools open to the public shall comply with Rules Governing Swimming Pools (15A NCAC 18A .2500) available from the Granville-Vance District Health Department, as well as all other state and federal regulations.
         (ii)   All swimming pools open to the public shall be setback at least 50 feet from any adjacent residential use on a different lot.
         (iii)   Pools shall be screened from any existing or proposed residential land with a Type B perimeter buffer.
      (4)   Tennis courts.
         (i)   All lighted tennis courts open to the public shall be setback at least 50 feet from any adjacent residential use on a different lot.
         (ii)   Lighted tennis courts open to the public shall be screened from any existing or proposed residential land with a Type B perimeter buffer.
   (F)   Retail sales and services.
      (1)   Bars, nightclubs, and similar establishments.
         (i)   Outdoor decks and patios shall be on the side or rear of the building and screened from the street right-of-way.
         (ii)   Bars, nightclubs, or similar establishments shall not be located within 500 feet of an existing residential use.
      (2)   Retail/service use with gasoline sales.
         (i)   Gasoline pumps, canopies, and associated service areas are prohibited in any established front yard setback.
         (ii)   All exterior lighting for the building, parking area, gas islands, and canopies shall be 100% cutoff.
         (iii)   Drive through windows and their associated stacking lanes, and circulation shall be prohibited in the front of the building. Drive through windows, stacking lanes, and circulation shall only be allowed in a side yard abutting a street when screened by a street wall.
         (iv)   Trash containers shall be fully screened by a wall that is constructed of the same material as the principal structure. Trash containers shall be located in the rear yard so as to minimize their visibility from adjacent public streets or other public gathering areas.
         (v)   Signs attached to the canopy shall not extend beyond the ends or extremities of the fascia of the canopy to which or on which they are attached.
      (3)   Tattoo parlor/body piercing establishments.
         (i)   Tattoo parlors and body piercing establishments shall be located at least 500 feet from any existing residential use or any lot containing a community service or religious or civic institution.
      (4)   Type I Retail Uses.
         (i)   Type I Retail Uses shall not exceed 5,000 square feet of gross floor area per individual use or establishment.
      (5)   Type III Retail Uses.
         (i)   Motorcycle, boat, recreational vehicle, heavy equipment, and manufactured home sales or service. The size of any single surface parking lot shall be limited to three acres, unless divided by a street, principal building, or interior landscaping. No outdoor public address system shall be allowed.
         (ii)   Automotive repair and service. Automotive repair and service uses shall:
            (a)   Be located at least 250 feet from any residential zoning district or existing residential use;
            (b)   Be designed to ensure proper functioning of the site as related to vehicle stacking, circulation, and turning movements;
            (c)   Provide adequate parking for customers and employees;
            (d)   Ensure that repair and storage of all vehicles shall occur within an enclosed building (temporary outdoor vehicle storage may be allowed in an opaque fenced or walled-off area no larger than 25% of the lot and located behind or to the side of the principal structure), and limit outdoor storage to areas to the side or rear of buildings;
            (e)   Have no outdoor speaker or public address system;
            (f)   Provide adequate, enclosed trash storage facilities on the site;
            (g)   Locate service bay entrances to the sides or rear so as to minimize their visibility from public streets;
            (h)   May store one vehicle as a source of parts for no more than one week within an enclosed area that is not visible from any adjacent street or property;
            (i)   Not store or park a vehicle that has been repaired and is awaiting removal for more than 30 consecutive days. In cases where a vehicle has been abandoned by its lawful owner prior to or during the repair process, the vehicle may remain on site as long as is necessary after the 30-day period, provided the owner or operator of the establishment can demonstrate steps have been taken to remove the vehicle from the premises using the appropriate legal means, or he or she is enforcing his or her rights under a mechanic’s lien; and
            (j)   Any vehicles for sale or lease/rent may not be parked in the right-of-way, or in required parking spaces, loading spaces, stacking spaces, or drive aisles required according to Article 12 of this ordinance.
      (6)   Automobile sales in the Central Business District.
         (i)   Be located at least 250 feet from any residential zoning district;
         (ii)   Be designed to ensure proper functioning of the site as related to vehicle stacking, circulation, and turning movements;
         (iii)   Provide adequate parking for customers and employees;
         (iv)   For any accessory automobile service, repair shall be limited to minor automotive repair or routine maintenance only for vehicles sold at that location, occur within an enclosed building, and limit outdoor storage of vehicles awaiting repair to the side or rear of buildings;
         (v)   Have no outdoor public address system;
         (vi)   Provide adequate, enclosed trash storage facilities on the site;
         (vii)   Not park or store a vehicle as a source of parts; and
         (viii)   Parking areas for inventory must be landscaped to the same standard as any other parking lot.
      (7)   Microbrewery or microdistillery.
         (i)   A microbrewery cannot exceed 10,000 square feet floor area. A brewpub cannot exceed a total of 20,000 square feet of gross floor area in size, and the maximum gross floor area of a brewpub that may be devoted to the production or manufacturing of beverages with alcoholic content shall be 10,000 square feet.
         (ii)   Microbreweries and microdistilleries shall include one or more accessory uses such as a tasting room, tap room, restaurant, retail, demonstration area, education and training facility, or other use incidental to the facility and open and accessible to the public.
         (iii)   No manufacturing of alcohol and alcoholic beverage shall produce or create any noxious smells or odors detectable to the public from the public right-of-way.
         (iv)   Storage of materials, including silos, products for distribution, and other items requiring long-term storage shall be allowed in areas behind building, in enclosed buildings, or otherwise screened from the public right-of-way or pedestrian way.
   (G)   Recreation vehicle park. Recreational vehicle (RV) parks must comply with the following requirements:
      (1)   General design standards.
         (i)   All RV parks shall be a minimum of three acres in size.
         (ii)   A minimum of 8% of the total land area shall be set aside as common open space. These open spaces shall be separate from the individual RV sites, hereinafter referred to as campsites, and shall be grouped and of a character suitable for active and passive recreation and shall be reasonably located for safe and convenient access to residents. This open space may be developed with structures for recreational or community gathering uses such as with a swimming pool or covered picnic area.
         (iii)   A buffer must be provided around the perimeter of the property. At a minimum, this buffer must meet the requirements for a Type A buffer strip as specified in Article 10 of this ordinance. For RV parks being subdivided out of a mobile home park existing on September 24, 2008, this buffer may be reduced along that boundary where the RV park abuts the existing mobile home park if existing utilities make planting new vegetation an unreasonable hardship. Said owner or operator must demonstrate in a written request to the Ordinance Administrator that complying with the requirements of this division 7.3.3 would cause the owner or operator an unreasonable hardship. The Ordinance Administrator shall determine, in his or her reasonable discretion, when such an unreasonable hardship exists.
         (iv)   All public road frontages shall be planted with a streetyard planting area as specified in § 9.5 of this ordinance.
         (v)   Campsites shall be graded and maintained to prevent any water from ponding or accumulating within the park. Each campsite shall be properly graded to obtain a reasonably flat area and to provide adequate drainage away from the campsite.
         (vi)   Each campsite shall be located at least 30 feet from the edge of any publicly-maintained street or road; provided, however, in those cases where an RV park is being subdivided from a mobile home park existing as of September 24, 2008 which already has in place underground water, sewer, and power servicing existing lots, this requirement may be waived by the Ordinance Administrator following a written request from an owner or operator of the existing mobile home park. Said owner or operator must demonstrate in its written request that complying with the requirements of this division 7.3.3 would cause the owner or operator an unreasonable hardship. The Ordinance Administrator shall determine, in his or her reasonable discretion, when such an unreasonable hardship exists.
         (vii)   RV parks shall be designed to prevent overcrowding, fire hazards, and to provide sufficient light and air. Every campsite shall be a minimum of 2,000 square feet in area and shall have a minimum average width of 25 feet.
         (viii)   All RVs must be a minimum of 15 feet apart.
         (ix)   Each campsite must be identified by a permanent number which may not be changed. The appropriate number of each campsite shall be permanently displayed on each space.
         (x)   All RV parks must meet the minimum standards and requirements set forth in the International Building Code with state amendments for sanitation and plumbing installations, accommodations, use, and any associated parking.
         (xi)   All service structures shall be maintained in a clean and sanitary condition and kept in good repair at all times. Structures shall be safely and adequately illuminated. Facilities shall be easily accessible and conveniently located to all users of the RV park. All structures shall be constructed in accordance with the International Building Code with state amendments and shall meet Building Code and/or LDO setback requirements, whichever is more restrictive.
         (xii)   No permanent accessory structures such as carports, cabanas, or decks may be constructed for use in connection with any campsite within the RV park. At-grade patios and uncovered steps are permissible.
         (xiii)   All RV parks shall provide appropriate watershed protection and flood damage prevention as required in Articles 15 and 16 in this ordinance.
      (2)   Parking and streets.
         (i)   A minimum of one and one-half parking spaces per campsite shall be provided. Each campsite must have enough space, one parking space, and enough room for a RV to back into the campsite. Additional parking may be provided on individual campsites or in a common parking area.
         (ii)   All streets and parking areas shall be surfaced with a minimum of six inches of compacted stone and shall be maintained in a smooth, well-graded condition. All internal roads shall be capable of supporting the imposed load of fire apparatus in accordance with the Fire Apparatus Roads Standard in the state’s Fire Code (N.C. Fire Code § 503).
         (iii)   All streets and parking areas shall be maintained in a manner to be free from potholes, breaks in the pavement (if applicable), rough surfaces, ponding of water, and associated problems which would impede or cause hazards to motor vehicles.
         (iv)   All internal streets must be a minimum of 24 feet in width for two-way traffic and 14 feet in width for one-way traffic. Such streets shall be well-maintained and clearly identified. All streets within the RV park shall be privately owned and maintained.
         (v)   Each campsite shall abut an internal street in the RV park. No campsite shall have direct vehicular access to a public road.
         (vi)   Terminal streets within the RV park shall not exceed 800 feet.
         (vii)   Any dead-end street shall provide a permanent turnaround with a minimum radius of 50 feet.
         (viii)   RV parks with only one point of external access shall provide at least one permanent turnaround within the RV park.
      (3)   Utilities.
         (i)   Water.
            (a)   An accessible, adequate, safe, and potable supply of water shall be required for each campsite. Where a public or municipal water system exists within 1,000 feet of the RV park, the park shall be connected to such system.
            (b)   When a public water supply is not available, a community water supply may be developed and its supply used exclusively in accordance with all applicable state, federal, and local laws, rules, and regulations.
         (ii)   Sewer.
            (a)   All sewage waste from each RV park, including wastes from toilets, showers, bathtubs, lavatories, wash basins, sinks, and water using appliances not herein mentioned shall be disposed of by an approved sewage disposal system.
            (b)   Adequate and safe sewage disposal facilities shall be provided at each campsite in any RV park. Where a public or municipal sewer system exists within 1,000 feet of the RV park, the owner shall connect to such a system.
            (c)   When a public or municipal system does not exist within 1,000 feet, a sewage disposal and treatment system complying with all applicable state, federal, and local laws, rules, and regulations shall be provided.
         (iii)   Electrical.
            (a)   Each campsite in the RV park shall have an electric service in compliance with the most recently published version of the National Electric Code.
      (4)   RV park operation.
         (i)   The person to whom a zoning permit for an RV park is issued to shall operate the RV park in compliance with this ordinance and shall be responsible for maintaining the RV park, its facilities and equipment in good repair and in a clean and sanitary condition.
         (ii)   The RV park owner is responsible for notifying its visitors of all applicable provisions of this ordinance and informing them of their responsibilities under this ordinance.
         (iii)   The RV park owner shall be responsible for refuse collection. Storage, collection, and disposal of refuse shall be managed so as not to create health hazards, rodent harborage, insect-breeding areas, accident, fire hazards, or air pollution. All dumpsters shall be screened according to § 8.2 of this ordinance.
         (iv)   Swimming pools or bathing areas shall be installed, altered, improved, and used in compliance with applicable state, federal, and local laws, rules, and regulations. Any bathing area shall require the approval of the County Health Department.
         (v)   Except as specifically permitted by this division 7.3.3(G)(4), it shall be unlawful to locate a mobile home in an RV park. One mobile home shall be permitted per 100 campsites to be used as a residence for persons responsible for the operation and/or maintenance of the RV park.
         (vi)      No more than one RV may be parked per campsite. RVs shall not be permitted to park in areas other than those approved as campsites according to these regulations on an approved site plan with all utilities completed.
         (vii)   The transfer of title of campsites, either by sale or by any other manner shall be prohibited within an RV park as long as the RV park is in operation.
         (viii)   The owner and/or operator of an RV park shall ensure that no RV remains in the owner and/or operator’s RV park for more than 18 months out of any 24-month period. The burden of establishing compliance with this requirement shall be on the RV park owner and/or operator and the RV park owner and/or operator shall maintain sufficient records to prove the length of each occupant’s stay.
   (H)   Indoor shooting range. Indoor shooting ranges must comply with the following standards.
      (1)   All shooting range facilities shall be designed and operated in a manner to contain all bullets, shot, arrows, or other projectiles or any other debris on the range facility.
      (2)   The walls, ceiling, and floor of an indoor shooting range must be constructed such that any rounds, ammunition, or projectiles utilized in the firing range cannot penetrate the walls, ceiling, or floor of the firing range under any operating circumstances.
      (3)   All indoor ranges shall be properly ventilated to meet OSHA standards for lead exposure.
      (4)   No exploding targets shall be allowed.
      (5)   Noise generated from shooting range facilities shall not escape the facility property or boundary lines at levels greater than 60 dBA or decibel. It shall be the responsibility of the shooting range owner to mitigate and verify escaping noise levels.
      (6)   All structures and facilities shall adhere to all federal, state, and local regulations and code requirements.
      (7)   All indoor shooting ranges shall have a range supervisor at the facility during all hours of operation. The range supervisory shall have obtained a certificate of completion of the Nation Rifle Association’s Firearms Safety Course, or an equivalent course conducted by an appropriate governmental agency, educational institution, or nationally recognized private firearms safety training certification organization.
      (8)   Any firearms training offered on the premises shall be taught by an instructor with the proper instructor qualification certification for the type of course such an instructor is to teach by the National Rifle Association or equivalent certification by an appropriate governmental agency, educational institution, or nationally recognized private firearms instructor certification organization.
      (9)   All indoor shooting ranges shall have a safety plan.
      (10)   Rules and regulations regarding the operation of the range shall be posted in a manner to be visible to all participants of the facility.
      (11)   Indoor shooting ranges may only be located in stand alone buildings, not in shopping centers.
      (12)   No storage of lead, ammunition, firearms, gunpowder, or other hazardous or dangerous materials shall be stored in an accessory structure. No cleaning or repair of guns shall be allowed within an accessory structure.
   7.3.4   Industrial uses.
   (A)   Extractive industry.
      (1)   Extractive industry uses shall be located at least 300 feet from any residential district, existing residential use, religious or civic institution use, community service use, daycare use, school (elementary, middle, intermediate, or senior high), or public park.
      (2)   Extractive industry uses shall be surrounded by a chain link or wire fence that is at least six feet high, located no less than 100 feet from any public right-of-way, and located no less than 50 feet from any adjacent property.
      (3)   Blasting may only be conducted between the hours of 8:00 a.m. and 5:00 p.m., Monday through Friday.
   (B)   Manufacturing and production.
      (1)   Concrete plant and asphalt plants.
         (i)   Any concrete or asphalt plant shall be located at least 50 feet from all lot lines.
         (ii)   All equipment and stockpiles shall be removed within one year of permanent cessation of operations.
         (iii)   Access roads leading to any part of the operation shall be at least 15 feet from an adjacent lot line, should be paved, and shall be maintained in such a manner so as to minimize dust creation.
   (C)   Self-service storage. Self-service storage uses shall comply with the following standards.
      (1)   Commercial uses permitted on site. The only commercial uses permitted on site shall be the rental of storage bays and the pickup and deposit of goods or property in dead storage. Storage bays shall not be used to manufacture, fabricate, or process goods; service or repair vehicles, small engines or electrical equipment, or to conduct similar repair activities; conduct garage sales or retail sales of any kind; or conduct any other commercial or industrial activity on the site.
      (2)   Security or caretaker quarters. No more than one security or caretaker quarters may be developed on the site, and shall be integrated into the building’s design.
      (3)   Not legal address. Individual storage bays or private postal boxes within a self-service storage facility use shall not be considered premises for the purpose of assigning a legal address.
      (4)   Enclosed buildings. Except as provided in this division 7.3.4, all property stored on the site shall be enclosed entirely within enclosed buildings.
      (5)   Orientation of bays. Garage doors serving individual storage units shall be screened so as to not be visible from adjacent public streets.
      (6)   Open storage of recreational vehicles and dry storage of boats. Open storage of recreational vehicles, travel trailers, and dry storage of pleasure boats of the type customarily maintained by persons for their personal use shall be permitted within a self-service storage facility use, provided that the following standards are met:
         (i)   The storage shall occur only within a designated area, which shall be clearly delineated;
         (ii)   The storage area shall not exceed 25% of the buildable area of the site;
         (iii)   Outdoor storage areas shall be located to the rear of the principal structure and be screened with a wooden fence or masonry wall no less than eight feet in height;
         (iv)   Storage shall not occur within the area set aside for minimum building setbacks; and
         (v)   Recreational vehicles shall be allowed on the premises for storage only.
      (7)   Lot area. The minimum lot area shall be least two acres.
      (8)   Height. With the exception of a structure used as a security or caretaker quarters, or redevelopment of an existing structure, the maximum height of a self-service storage facility shall be 20 feet. In addition, a parapet wall shall be constructed to screen roof-mounted heating and air conditioning and other equipment, if any. The combined height of the building and the parapet wall shall not exceed 25 feet.
      (9)   On-site circulation.
         (i)   Interior parking shall be provided in the form of aisleways adjacent to the storage bays. These aisleways shall be used both for circulation and temporary customer parking while using storage bays. The minimum width of these aisleways shall be 21 feet if only one-way traffic is permitted, and 30 feet if two-way traffic is permitted;
         (ii)   The one- or two-way traffic flow patterns in aisleways shall be clearly marked. Marking shall consist at a minimum of use of standard directional signage and painted lane markings with arrows; and
         (iii)   Appropriate access and circulation by vehicles and emergency equipment shall be ensured through the design of internal turning radii of aisleways.
      (10)   Lighting. Outdoor lighting shall be the minimum necessary to discourage vandalism and theft, and shall be provided in accordance with § 8.3, Outdoor Lighting.
   (D)   Outdoor storage. Lots used for outdoor storage shall be fully enclosed with a fence or masonry wall no less than eight feet in height. The height of materials and equipment stored within 50 feet of the wall or fence shall not exceed eight feet in height. Perimeter or exterior walls visible from a public street or detached residential dwelling shall not include metal as a primary material.
      (1)   Notwithstanding anything in this ordinance to the contrary, in instances where the use of the property primarily consists of the display of automobiles or equipment for sale, a chain link or wrought-iron style fence no less than six feet in height and no more than eight feet in height shall be permitted around the perimeter of the site, including where visible from a public right-of-way. Where visible from a public right-of-way, a decorative fence to distract from the chain link fence shall be required in addition to the streetyard planting landscape requirement. Decorative fencing shall be approved by the Ordinance Administrator. Display of automobiles or equipment for sale shall be permitted within 50 feet of a fence without regard to the height of the items displayed. Outdoor storage or display of automobiles or equipment for sale, shall be a minimum of 100 feet from any adjacent property with a residential zoning. Notwithstanding anything in this ordinance to the contrary, barbed wire may be permitted by the Ordinance Administrator around the top of a fence meeting the requirements of this division 7.3.4(D)(1) where the applicant can show that the barbed wire is necessary to discourage entry by unauthorized persons.
   (E)   Tow service and storage.
      (1)   Tow storage area shall be incorporated into the overall design of the site and shall be located to the side or rear of the principal structure.
      (2)   Any outdoor storage of vehicles, parts, or other materials shall be fully enclosed with a fence or masonry wall no less than eight feet in height. The height of materials and equipment stored within 50 feet of the wall or fence shall not exceed eight feet in height. Perimeter or exterior walls or fences visible from a public street shall not include metal as a primary material.
      (3)   Tires must be stored under cover to prevent water collecting in the tires.
      (4)   A spill and contamination prevention plan shall be provided prior to issuance of a zoning permit that includes, at a minimum:
         (i)   Cleanup procedures for spills occurring inside and outside the building;
         (ii)   Countermeasures for use in preventing spills and contaminants from entering the stormwater collection system;
         (iii)   Routine cleanup procedures for work areas and parking areas;
         (iv)   Measures to ensure that washdown water does not enter the stormwater collection system;
         (v)   Proof of compliance with rules, regulations, and/or ordinances adopted by the South Granville Water and Sewer Authority; and
         (vi)   All other state, federal, and local regulations shall be followed.
      (5)   Towing storage area shall not be within 500 feet of property zoned residential or an existing residential land use; however, intervening highways, streets, railroads, and similar rights-of-way shall be included in the 500-foot measurement.
   (F)   Junkyard.
      (1)   The boundaries of the parcel upon which the junkyard is located shall not be within 1,000 feet of property zoned residential or an existing residential land use; however, intervening highways, streets, railroads, and similar rights-of-way shall be included in the 1,000-foot measurement.
      (2)   The facility shall be fully enclosed with a fence or masonry wall no less than eight feet in height. The height of materials and equipment stored within 50 feet of the wall or fence shall not exceed eight feet in height. Perimeter or exterior walls or fences visible from a public street shall not include metal as a primary material.
      (3)   A spill and contamination prevention plan shall be provided prior to issuance of a zoning permit that includes, at a minimum:
         (i)   Cleanup procedures for spills occurring inside and outside the building;
         (ii)   Countermeasures for use in preventing spills and contaminants from entering the stormwater collection system;
         (iii)   Routine cleanup procedures for work areas and parking areas;
         (iv)   Measures to ensure that washdown water does not enter the stormwater collection system;
         (v)   Proof of compliance with rules, regulations, and/or ordinances adopted by the South Granville Water and Sewer Authority; and
         (vi)   All other state, federal, and local regulations shall be followed.
(Ord. A.19.04, passed 10-3-2019)