For the purpose of this Code, certain abbreviations, terms, phrases, words and their derivatives shall be construed as defined in the locally adopted model code in this section. Words used in the singular include the plural, and the plural the singular. Words used in the masculine gender include the feminine, and the feminine the masculine.
   (a)    "Accessory structure" means a building, the use of which is incidental to that of the main building and which is located on the same lot.
   (b)    "Approved" means approval by the Building Official as the result of investigation and tests conducted by him, or by reason of accepted principles or tests by nationally recognized organizations.
   (c)    "Approved agency" means an established and recognized agency regularly engaged in conducting tests or furnishing inspection services, when such agency has been approved by the Building Official.
   (d)    "Building" means any one-, two- and three-family dwelling or portion thereof, which is used, or designed or intended to be used for human habitation, for living, sleeping, cooking or eating purposes, or any combination thereof, and shall include structures accessory thereto.
   (e)    "Building, existing" means a building erected prior to the adoption of this Code, or one for which a legal building permit has been issued.
   (f)    "Building Official" means the officer or other designated authority charged with the administration and enforcement of this Code.
   (g)    "Ceiling height" means the clear vertical distance from the finished floor to the finished ceiling.
   (h)    "Court" means a space, open and unobstructed to the sky, located at or above grade level on a lot and bounded on three or more sides by walls or a building.
   (i)    "Dwelling" means any building which contains one or two "dwelling units" used, intended or designed to be built, used, rented, leased, let or hired out to be occupied, or which are occupied for living purposes.
   (j)    "Dwelling unit" means a single unit providing complete independent living facilities for one or more persons including permanent provisions for living, sleeping, eating, cooking and sanitation.
   (k)    "Family" means an individual, two or more persons related by blood, marriage or law, or a group of not more than five persons, living together in a dwelling unit. Servants having common housekeeping facilities with a family consisting of an individual, or two or more persons related by blood, marriage or law, are a part of the family for this Code.
   (l)    "Grade" means the finished ground level adjoining the building at all exterior walls.
   (m)    "Grade floor window" means a window located such that the sill height of the window is not more than forty-four inches above or below the finished grade adjacent to the window.
   (n)    "Habitable room" means any room meeting the requirements of this Code for sleeping, living, cooking or dining purposes, excluding such enclosed places as closets, pantries, bath or toilet rooms, hallways, laundries, storage spaces, utility rooms and similar spaces.
   (o)    "Hot water" means water at a temperature of not less than 120 degrees F.
   (p)    "Kitchen" means an area used, or designated to be used, for the preparation of food.
   (q)    "Listed and listing" means equipment which is shown in a list published by an approved testing agency qualified and equipped for experimental testing and maintaining an adequate periodic inspection of current productions and whose listing states that the equipment complies with nationally recognized standards.
   (r)    "Loads, live and dead":
      (1)    "Dead loads" are the weight of the walls, partitions, framing, floors, ceilings, roofs and all other permanent stationary construction entering into and becoming a part of the building.
      (2)    "Live loads" are all loads except dead and lateral loads.
   (s)    "Manufactured home" means a structure, transportable in one or more sections, which in the traveling mode is eight body feet or more in width or forty body feet or more in length, or, when erected on site, is 320 or more square feet, and which is built on a permanent chassis and designed to be used as a dwelling with or without a permanent foundation when connected to the required utilities, and includes the plumbing, heating, air conditioning and electrical systems contained therein; except that such term shall include any structure which meets all the requirements of this subsection except the size requirements and with respect to which the manufacturer voluntarily files a certification required by the Secretary (HUD) and complies with the standards established under this title. For mobile homes built prior to June 15, 1976, a label certifying compliance to the Standard for Mobile Homes, NFPA 501, ANSI 119.1, in effect at the time of manufacture is required. For the purpose of these provisions, a mobile home shall be considered a manufactured home.
   (t)   "Occupied space" means the total area of all buildings or structures on any lot or parcel of ground projected on a horizontal plane, excluding permitted projections as allowed by this Code.
   (u)    "Solid masonry" means load-bearing or nonload-bearing construction using masonry units where the net cross-sectional area of each unit in any plane parallel to the bearing surface is not less than seventy-five percent (75%) of its gross cross-sectional area.
   (v)    "Story" means that portion of a building included between the upper surface of any floor and the upper surface of the floor next above, except that the topmost story shall be that habitable portion of a building included between the upper surface of the topmost floor and ceiling or roof above.
   (w)    "Story (first)" means the lowermost story entirely above the grade.
   (x)    "Townhouse" means a single-family dwelling unit constructed in a row of attached units separated by property lines and with open space on at least two sides.
   (y)    "Window" means a glazed opening, including portions of glazed doors.
   (z)    "Yard" means an open, unoccupied space, other than a court, unobstructed from the ground to the sky, except where specifically provided by this Code, on the lot on which a building is situated.
      (Ord. 38-87. Passed 5-5-87.)