§ 152.004  GENERAL DEFINITIONS.
   (A)   The following terms shall, for the purposes of this code, have the meanings shown in this chapter. 
   (B)   Where terms are not defined through the methods authorized by this section, such terms shall have ordinarily accepted meanings such as the context implies, or meanings ascribed to them in the building codes referenced in Chapter 150.
   (C)   Words stated in the present tense include the future; words stated in the masculine gender include the feminine and neuter; the singular number includes the plural and the plural, the singular. 
   (D)   Whenever the words "dwelling unit," "dwelling," "premises," "building," "structure," or "story" are stated in this code, they shall be construed as though they were followed by the words "or any part thereof."
   ACCESSORY STRUCTURE.  A building or structure, the use of which is incidental to that of the main building or structure and which is located on the same lot.
   APPROVED.  Approved by the Code Official.
   APPROVED MANNER.  A manner which will allow the facility to operate within its designed capacity without causing any threat to health or safety and deterioration of the mechanism or structure except for normal wear.
   BASEMENT.  A portion of the building partly underground, but having more than half its clear height below the average grade of the adjoining ground. A basement which is used for a use other than storage shall be considered a story.
   BATHROOM. A room containing plumbing fixtures including a toilet, lavatory, and bathtub or shower.
   BEDROOM. Any room or space, used, or intended to be used for sleeping purposes.
   BLIGHT.  The negative effect that a structure or grounds lacking minimal maintenance and exhibiting objectively determinable signs of deterioration sufficient to constitute a nuisance to human health, safety or public welfare has on surrounding properties.
   BUILDING. Any structure occupied or intended for supporting or sheltering any occupancy.
   BUILDING OFFICIAL. An individual charged with the administration and enforcement of the building code and this code, who has received and maintains a certification of "Building Official" or "Residential Building Official" in accordance with the rules of the Board of Building Standards. Also means "Code Official".
   CODE OFFICIAL.  The official who is charged with the administration and enforcement of this code, or any duly authorized representative. The same as "Building Official."
   COMMERCIAL BUILDING. A building, structure or premises whose use is classified as commercial by the zoning code.
   DEBRIS. Scattered remains of something broken or destroyed, also means rubbish.
   DWELLING. Any building or portion of a building that contains one or more dwelling units used,  intended, or designed to be built, used, rented, leased, let or hired out to be occupied, or that is occupied for living purposes. Each unit must have independent means of egress with no more than five lodgers or borders per unit.
   DWELLING UNIT. A single unit providing complete, independent living facilities for one or more persons, including permanent provisions for living, sleeping, eating, cooking and sanitation.
   EGRESS.  Entrance and/or exit leading directly to an open space at ground level and to a public street.
   ENCLOSED. Surrounded with a wall or fence, or contained within a building.
   EXIT.  The way out from any point in a building along a continuous and unobstructed line of travel which leads to a street or open space or court communicating with a street or public thoroughfare.
   EXTERIOR PROPERTY AREAS.  The open space on the premises under the control of owners or operators of such premises.
   EXTERMINATION. The control and elimination of insects, rats or other pests by eliminating their harborage places; by removing or making inaccessible materials that serve as their food; by poison spraying, fumigating, trapping or by any other approved pest elimination methods.
   FAMILY.  One or more persons occupying a dwelling unit and living as a single housekeeping unit, whether or not related to each other by birth or marriage. Groups occupying a structure such as a boarding house, lodging house, hotel, tourist dwelling, sorority or fraternity cannot be classified as a family.  A family shall not include a group of more than four individuals, excluding foster children, unless all are related by blood, marriage or adoption.
   GARBAGE. The animal or vegetable waste resulting from the handling, preparation, cooking and consumption of food.
   GRADE.  The natural surface of the ground or surface of the ground after completion of any change in contour.
   GUARDRAIL. A building component or a system of building components located at or near the open sides of elevated walking surfaces that minimizes the possibility of a fall from the walking surface to a lower level.
   HABITABLE ROOM. A room or enclosed floor space used or intended to be used for living, sleeping, cooking, or eating purposes, excluding bathrooms, toilet rooms, pantries, foyers or communicating corridors, storage rooms, laundry and utility rooms or spaces in attics, basements or cellars.
   HAZARDOUS.  Unsafe; dangerous; perilous; a condition which can cause harm to others.
   INFESTATION. The presence, within or contiguous to, a structure or premises of insects, rats, vermin or other pests.
   LABELED.  Devices, equipment, appliances, or materials to which has been affixed a label, seal, symbol or other identifying mark of a nationally recognized testing laboratory, inspection agency or other organization concerned with product evaluation that maintains periodic inspection of the production of the above-labeled items and by whose label the manufacturer attests to compliance with applicable nationally recognized standards.
   MAINTENANCE. The servicing, repairing or altering of any premises, appliance, apparatus or equipment to perpetuate the use or purpose for which such premises, appliance, apparatus or equipment was originally intended.
   MAJOR RECREATIONAL EQUIPMENT. Boats and boat trailers, travel trailers, pick-up campers or coaches (designed to be mounted on automotive vehicles), motorized dwellings, tent trailers, and the like, and cars or buses used for transporting recreational equipment, whether or not occupied by such equipment.
   NUISANCE. The unreasonable, unwarranted and/or unlawful use of property, which is offensive to the senses, injurious to health, or causes annoyance, inconvenience or damage to others, either to individuals and/or to the general public. Nuisances include blighting effects of decaying structures, hazardous conditions, noxious smells, unsanitary conditions, misdirection of water onto other property, and unauthorized collections of debris or garbage.
   OCCUPANCY. The purpose for which a building or portion thereof is utilized or occupied.
   OCCUPANT.  Any individual living or sleeping in a building, or having possession of a space within a building.
   OPENABLE AREA.  That part of a window, skylight or door which is available for unobstructed ventilation and which opens directly to the outdoors.
   OPERATOR. Any person who has charge, care or control of a structure or premises, which is let or offered for occupancy.
   OWNER(S). The owner of record of the premises in fee or lesser estate therein, a mortgagee, vendee on record, assignee of the rents, receiver, executor, administrator, trustee, lessee, or other person, firm or corporation in control of a building, or their duly authorized agents, as reflected in the records in the office of the County Recorder. Any person thus representing the owner shall be bound to comply with the provisions of this chapter to the same extent as if he were the owner.
   OWNER ADDRESS. The usual place of residence of the owner shall be the last known address of the owner, or that address used by the County Treasurer for tax billing purposes.
   PERSON. An individual, corporation, partnership or any other group acting as a unit.
   PLUMBING. Includes all of the following supplied facilities and equipment: water pipes, toilets, mechanical garbage disposal units, waste pipes, sinks, installed dishwashers and clothes washing machines, lavatories, bathtubs, shower baths, catch basins, drains, vents or any other similarly supplied fixtures, including all connections to water or sewer lines.
   PREMISES. A lot, plot or parcel of land including any structures thereon.
   PUBLIC WAY. Any street, alley or similar parcel of land essentially unobstructed from the ground to the sky, which is deeded, dedicated or otherwise permanently appropriated to the public for public use.
   RESIDENTIAL STRUCTURE. A structure or part of a structure containing a dwelling unit.
   ROOMING UNIT. Any room or group of rooms forming a single habitable unit occupied or intended to be occupied for sleeping or living, but not for cooking purposes.
   RUBBISH. Combustible and non-combustible waste materials, except garbage and the term shall include the residue from the burning of wood, coal, coke, and other combustible materials, paper, rags, cartons, boxes, wood, excelsior, rubber, leather, tree branches, yard trimming, tin cans, metals, mineral matter, glass, crockery and dust and other similar materials (see trash), also means debris.
   STRICT LIABILITY OFFENSE.  An offense in which the prosecution in a legal proceeding is not required to prove criminal intent as a part of its case. It is enough to prove that the defendant either did an act that was prohibited, or failed to do an act which the defendant was legally required to do.
   STRUCTURE. Anything constructed or erected including prefabricated and/or modular systems, the use of which requires permanent location on the ground, including advertising signs, billboards, pergolas, farmers' roadside stands, antennas, but not including fences or walls used as fences.
   SUBSTANDARD.  Dilapidated. Having a critical defect or a combination of intermediate defects or conditions not in compliance with this code, and in sufficient number or extent to require considerable repair or rebuilding. Unsafe, unhealthy, or otherwise providing inadequate living facilities.
   SWIMMING POOLS.  Swimming pools shall be defined as any structure intended for swimming or recreational bathing that contains water over 24 inches deep. This includes in-ground, aboveground, and on-ground swimming pools, hot tubs and spas.
   TENANT. A person, corporation, partnership or group, whether or not the legal owner of record, occupying a building or portion thereof as a unit.
   TOILET ROOM.  A room containing a water closet or urinal but not a bathtub or shower.
   TRASH.  All combustible and non-combustible waste material, except garbage (see "Rubbish").
   VEHICLE.  A device such as a car or trailer for carrying passengers, goods or equipment.
   VENTILATION. The natural or mechanical process of supplying conditioned or unconditioned air to, or removing such air from, any space.
   WASTES.  Burnable and non-burnable trash, rubbish and garbage.
   WATERCRAFT.  Any water vehicle used for carrying passengers, goods or equipment.
   WORKMANLIKE. Maintenance and repair made in a skillful manner.
   YARD.   An exterior open space on the same lot with a structure.
(Ord. 11-015, passed 5-4-11)