Sec. 9-4.4003.  Transportation demand and trip reduction standards and measures.
   Prior to City approval of an entitlement for any development project or entitlement issued pursuant to this title, the applicant shall make provision for, as a minimum, all the following applicable transportation demand management and trip reduction measures:
   (a)   Nonresidential development standards.  The developer shall provide calculations or information for determining the number of employees expected to work at the proposed development project site or work center on the development entitlement application submitted to the City.  If the developer is unable to provide sufficient information to accurately determine the expected number of employees, then an estimate shall be made which may be subject to verification by the City at a later date.  A typical calculation to estimate the number of employees shall be based on: the number of parking spaces required as determined in Section 9-4.2402 of this title entitled, Parking Space Required; assume one employee per parking space; and the “employee parking area” factors listed under Section 9-4.4002(i) of this article.
   Compliance with this criteria shall be provided on the site or floor plans for each entitlement request.
   (1)   Nonresidential development projects capable of holding fifty (50) employees or more shall provide a bulletin board, display case or kiosk displaying transportation information located where the greatest number of employees are likely to see it. Information displayed shall include, but is not limited to, the following: current map routes and schedules for public transit routes serving the site; ridesharing promotional material supplied by commuter-oriented organizations; telephone numbers for referrals on transportation information including numbers for the regional ridesharing agency; Dial-A-Route and local transit operators; bicycle route and facility information, including regional and local bicycle maps and bicycle safety information; and a listing of facilities and services available for carpoolers, vanpoolers, bicyclists, transit riders and pedestrians at the site.  All proposed public, private streets or driveways that serve as the main access from project buildings to the exterior street system shall include sidewalk facilities per City standards for pedestrians and bike routes as feasible.  In cases involving multiple tenants, a bulletin board/display case shall be provided by each tenant, or it shall be provided at a common area acceptable to the Public Works and Community Development Departments.
   (2)   Nonresidential development projects capable of holding one hundred (100) employees or more shall comply with subsection (a)(1) of this section and shall provide all of the following measures:
   (i)   Not less than ten (10%) percent of “employee parking area” (employee parking area shall be calculated from Section 9-4.4002(i) of this article and Section 9-4.2402 of this chapter) shall be located as close as is practical to the employee entrance(s), and shall be reserved for use by carpool/vanpool vehicles, without displacing handicapped and customer parking needs.  This preferential carpool/vanpool parking area shall be identified on the site plan upon application for development permit or other applicable entitlement. A statement that preferential carpool/vanpool spaces for employees is available and a description of the method for obtaining such spaces must be included on the required transportation information board. Spaces will be signed and striped.  Additional carpool/vanpool spaces shall be provided as demand warrants.  The following minimum spaces shall be provided in any case: at least one space for projects of fifty thousand (50,000) gross square feet to one hundred thousand (100,000) gross square feet and two (2) spaces for projects over one hundred thousand (100,000) gross square feet will be signed and/or striped for carpool and/or vanpool vehicles.
   (ii)   Preferential parking spaces reserved for vanpools must be accessible to vanpool vehicles.  When located within a parking structure, a minimum vertical interior clearance of seven (7') feet two (2") inches shall be provided for those parking spaces and access ways to be used by such vehicles.  Adequate turning radii for vanpool vehicles shall be provided.  Parking space dimensions in vanpool parking areas shall be a minimum nine (9') feet by twenty (20') feet.
   (iii)    Bicycle racks or other secure bicycle parking shall be provided near building entrances to accommodate four (4) bicycles per the first fifty thousand (50,000) gross square feet of nonresidential development and one bicycle per each additional fifty thousand (50,000) gross square feet of nonresidential development.  Calculations which result in a fraction of 0.5 or higher shall be rounded up to the nearest whole number.  A bicycle parking facility may also be a fully enclosed space or locker accessible only to the owner or operator of the bicycle, which protects the bike from inclement weather.  Specific facilities and location (e.g., provision of racks, lockers or locked bike room) shall be per the requirements of the Public Works and Community Development Departments imposed as conditions on each entitlement request.
   (iv)   Safe and convenient bicycle access shall be provided from the external circulation system (e.g., from public access bike paths, bike lanes, and/ or bike routes) to bicycle parking facilities on-site. Safe access shall be provided so as to minimize conflicts with other vehicles and pedestrians as determined by the Public Works Department.
   (3)   Nonresidential development projects capable of holding one hundred fifty (150) employees or more shall comply with subsections (a)(1) and (2) of this section, and shall provide all of the following:
   (i)   A safe and convenient zone if feasible and appropriate as determined by the Public Works and Community Development Departments in which vanpool and carpool vehicles may deliver or board their passengers.  Passenger loading areas should be located as close as possible to the building entrance and should be designated in a manner that does not impede vehicular circulation in the parking area.  A passenger loading zone or van turn-out area may be required to accomplish this.  In the case of multiple-tenant developments, more than one passenger loading zone may be required and the location and number of vanpool/carpool passenger loading zones shall be distributed in a manner acceptable to the Public Works and Community Development Departments.
   (ii)   Sidewalks or other designated pathways following, to the greatest extent feasible, direct and safe routes from the external (public or private) pedestrian circulation system to each, and between  each building in the development.
   (iii)    If determined necessary by the Public Works and Community Development Departments to mitigate project impacts, bus stop improvements shall be provided.  Appropriate bus service improvements as determined by the Public Works Director include bus turnouts, bus pads (thickened pavement structural section where bus travels or stops), bus shelters, bus benches, bus stops, bus lighting, etc.  When locating bus stops and or planning building entrances, entrances should be designed to provide safe and efficient access to nearby transit stations and/ or stops as determined by the Public Works Director and the Community Development Director.
   (iv)   Development design shall incorporate, to the extent feasible as determined by the Public Works Director and the Community Development Director, showers, changing rooms, lockers, etc., for employees who bicycle, jog or walk to work.
   (v)   Development design shall incorporate an eating area and shall incorporate to the extent feasible as determined by the Departments of Public Works and Community Development cafeterias, eating establishments, ATMs, day care facilities, gyms, and other facilities which will reduce the need for mid day driving. The requirement of this subparagraph will be deemed to be satisfied if the developer enters into a written agreement with a neighboring project to mutually share approved TDM facility or facilities such as eating areas, cafeterias, eating establishments, ATMs, day care facilities, and gyms.
   (b)   Residential development standards.
   (1)   Residential development projects of one hundred (100) dwelling units or more shall provide the following which shall be provided on the site plans for each entitlement request:
   (i)   Safe, convenient and direct pedestrian and bicycle access from the internal circulation system to collector and/or arterial roadways. The project residential street system shall include sidewalks per City standards. The project residential street system may also serve as bicycle routes to connect to the collector and/or arterial roadways. These types of standard facilities should satisfy this requirement; however, development projects may be required to provide additional off-street pedestrian and or bicycle facilities as determined by the Public Works and Community Development Departments.
   (ii)   If determined necessary by the Public Works Department, bus stop improvements including but not limited to bus turnouts, shelters, benches, lighting, etc. shall be provided.
   (2)   Residential development projects of five hundred (500) dwelling units or more shall comply with subsection (b)(i) of this section, and shall: incorporate development project design to the greatest extent possible and as appropriate based on adjacent land use and market services such as dry cleaners, eating establishments, child care facilities, grocery markets, neighborhood work centers, ATMs, gyms, and other facilities which will reduce home-based vehicle trips and vehicle miles traveled. This requirement could be satisfied if the proposed development project is to be located in proximity to existing or planned services as determined by the Community Development Department.
   All facilities and improvements constructed or otherwise required by this section shall be maintained in a state of good repair.
   A reduction in the number of project-required parking spaces and/or parking space size (i.e.,  compact parking space size in lieu of standard space size) may be allowed in certain cases, as determined by the Public Works and Community Development Departments. To be considered for a parking reduction, the developer, by imposed conditions, shall agree to provide and guarantee approved TDM measures and/or TDM program enhancements that exceed the requirements of this article for the development project. The extent of the credit for TDM measures in lieu required parking spaces shall be consistent with requirements of this chapter and shall be approved by the City.
(§ 1, Ord. 1199-NS, eff. March 1, 1994)